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Abbreviation: ESR
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Long forms: 163

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
(4337 times)
Rheumatology
(1179 times)
CRP (2108 times)
RA (926 times)
WBC (315 times)
0 Prevalence, Course, and Associated Factors of Pain in the Temporomandibular Joint in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results of a Longitudinal Cohort Study.
electron spin resonance
(3053 times)
Biochemistry
(860 times)
DMPO (210 times)
ROS (182 times)
SOD (105 times)
1964 ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE STUDIES ON MELANIN.
estrogen receptor
(110 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
PgR (8 times)
AR (7 times)
CI (7 times)
1988 Human estrogen receptor (ESR) gene locus: PssI dimorphism.
European Society of Radiology
(42 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(18 times)
EANM (8 times)
ECCO (2 times)
EDiR (2 times)
1997 [European Congress of Radiology (ECR), European Association of Radiology (EAR), European Society of Radiology (ESR): European Radiology between the past and the future].
environmental stress response
(21 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
BER (1 time)
CER (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
2004 The transcriptome of prematurely aging yeast cells is similar to that of telomerase-deficient cells.
equivalent series resistance
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
IL (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2010 Multilayered nano-architecture of variable sized graphene nanosheets for enhanced supercapacitor electrode performance.
Environmental Science and Research Limited
(12 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
ARF (1 time)
ARSHS (1 time)
CHIKV (1 time)
1999 A significant increase in antimicrobial resistance among pneumococci causing invasive disease in New Zealand.
equilibrium swelling ratio
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
PVA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
IPN (2 times)
2010 Cyclodextrin-containing hydrogels for contact lenses as a platform for drug incorporation and release.
embryo surrounding region
(11 times)
Botany
(9 times)
CLV3 (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
LRR-RLKs (2 times)
2005 A protective role for the embryo surrounding region of the maize endosperm, as evidenced by the characterisation of ZmESR-6, a defensin gene specifically expressed in this region.
10  electron paramagnetic resonance
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NO (2 times)
PMS (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
2008 Fluidity of liposome membranes doped with metalloporphyrins: an ESR study.
11  Einstein-Stokes radius
(9 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
RPE (2 times)
BM (1 time)
BRB (1 time)
1974 The permeability of glomerular capillaries to graded dextrans. Identification of the basement membrane as the primary filtration barrier.
12  ENDOSPERM SURROUNDING REGION
(8 times)
Botany
(5 times)
CLV3 (6 times)
RAM (2 times)
WUS (2 times)
2007 CLE peptide ligands and their roles in establishing meristems.
13  estrogen receptor gene
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AWB (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BRCA1 (1 time)
1997 Screening of 229 family cancer patients for a germline estrogen receptor gene (ESR) base mutation.
14  ear swelling response
(7 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
5-HT (1 time)
8-MOP (1 time)
AHR (1 time)
1984 Role of oxygen intermediates in UV-induced epidermal cell injury.
15  ear-scratch response
(7 times)
Psychopharmacology
(6 times)
HTR (6 times)
BDNF (1 time)
1990 Pharmacological characterization of ear-scratch response in mice as a behavioral model for selective 5-HT2-receptor agonists and evidence for 5-HT1B- and 5-HT2-receptor interactions.
16  East Scotia Ridge
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
ROV (1 time)
SWIR (1 time)
2012 The discovery of new deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the southern ocean and implications for biogeography.
17  elevated sedimentation rate
(6 times)
Cerebrovascular Disorders
(1 time)
CRP (2 times)
BUN (1 time)
GCA (1 time)
2001 Sudden painless visual loss.
18  European Standardized Rate
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EAPC (3 times)
NCR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2011 Trends in cervical cancer in the Netherlands until 2007: has the bottom been reached?
19  early diastolic strain rate
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
ASr (2 times)
SS (2 times)
SSR (2 times)
2006 Role of left ventricular regional diastolic abnormalities for global diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
20  electronic surgical registry
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
HEMR (3 times)
PMTS (3 times)
TDI (2 times)
2014 Development, implementation, and evaluation of a hybrid electronic medical record system specifically designed for a developing world surgical service.
21  emotional-stress reaction
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
--- 1998 [The pharmacogenetic concept of the anxio-selective effect].
22  epididymal sperm reserve
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DSP (2 times)
SC (2 times)
DGEL (1 time)
1984 Testicular development, epididymal sperm reserves and seminal quality in two-year-old Hereford and Angus bulls: effects of two levels of dietary energy.
23  enhanced specialty referral
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
IC (2 times)
CES-D (1 time)
CSQ (1 time)
2006 Satisfaction with mental health services in older primary care patients.
24  enhanced specular reflector
(4 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
DOI (3 times)
PET (2 times)
GLCED (1 time)
2014 Effects of reflector and crystal surface on the performance of a depth-encoding PET detector with dual-ended readout.
25  envelope stress response
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IM (1 time)
MDAs (1 time)
OMPs (1 time)
2006 SigmaE-dependent small RNAs of Salmonella respond to membrane stress by accelerating global omp mRNA decay.
26  environmental sex reversal
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDCs (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
2009 Population consequences of environmental sex reversal.
27  ethanol steam reforming
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BET (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
TPR (1 time)
2011 Efficient hydrogen production from ethanol and glycerol by vapour-phase reforming processes with new cobalt-based catalysts.
28  extracytoplasmic solute receptor
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
TRAP (2 times)
2,3-DKG (1 time)
Dct (1 time)
2001 The tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic (TRAP) transporters of bacteria and archaea.
29  electrical stapedius reflex
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ANSD (1 time)
BCNC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 Measuring the electrical stapedius reflex with stapedius muscle electromyogram recordings.
30  emotion self-regulation
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
Lab-TAB (1 time)
PRES (1 time)
2017 Study Protocol for the Preschooler Regulation of Emotional Stress (PRES) Procedure.
31  enamel surface roughness
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADP (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
Mi (1 time)
2010 Atomic force microscopy observation of the enamel roughness and depth profile after phosphoric acid etching.
32  endogenous stimulatory rhythm
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DA (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
1991 Ontogeny of the endogenous stimulatory rhythm regulating prolactin secretion in immature female rats.
33  energy-storing-and-returning
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
STA (1 time)
2009 Prosthetic feet: state-of-the-art review and the importance of mimicking human ankle-foot biomechanics.
34  ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
LRM (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2011 Arabidopsis ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION (ESR)1 and ESR2 regulate in vitro shoot regeneration and their expressions are differentially regulated.
35  entropic stochastic resonance
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
--- 2012 Entropic stochastic resonance of a flexible polymer chain in a confined system.
36  evoked stapedius reflex
(3 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
ABRs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2004 Toward a battery of behavioral and objective measures to achieve optimal cochlear implant stimulation levels in children.
37  Exiguobacterium sibiricum
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
--- 2010 Predicted bacteriorhodopsin from Exiguobacterium sibiricum is a functional proton pump.
38  Existing Substances Regulation
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
RAR (1 time)
1996 Risk assessment of butadiene for the Existing Substances Regulation (ESR) in the European Union.
39  exonic splicing regulatory
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ESE (1 time)
ESEs (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2008 Alternative splicing of Alu exons--two arms are better than one.
40  between sedimentation rate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1982 [Comparative variations of the sedimentation rate, haptoglobin and orosomucoid in rhizomelic pseudopolyarthritis and temporal arteritis. Attempt at a definition of biological parameters for monitoring these diseases].
41  early seizure recurrence
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2008 Predictors of early seizure recurrence in patients admitted for seizures in the Emergency Department.
42  early storybook-reading
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
ASQ (1 time)
2018 Promoting language and social communication development in babies through an early storybook reading intervention.
43  encapsulated solute retention
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
QbD (2 times)
CQAs (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
2010 An overview of liposome lyophilization and its future potential.
44  enduring symptomatic remission
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PANSS (1 time)
2008 Improvement of subjective well-being and enduring symptomatic remission, a 5-year follow-up of first episode schizophrenia.
45  energy dispersive spectrophotometer
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
DS (2 times)
DEJ (1 time)
2006 Microstructure and chemical composition of primary teeth in children with Down syndrome and cerebral palsy.
46  energy storage and return
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
COT (1 time)
SACH (1 time)
TTA (1 time)
2012 Outdoor dynamic subject-specific evaluation of internal stresses in the residual limb: hydraulic energy-stored prosthetic foot compared to conventional energy-stored prosthetic feet.
47  enhanced slowing response
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
BSR (2 times)
2013 Neuroligin modulates the locomotory dopaminergic and serotonergic neuronal pathways of C. elegans.
48  eosinophil sedimentation rate
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
CRP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BASDAI (1 time)
2003 Should tetracycline treatment be used more extensively for rheumatoid arthritis? Metaanalysis demonstrates clinical benefit with reduction in disease activity.
49  epidemic source rate
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ICR (1 time)
MSP (1 time)
SNBN (1 time)
2006 [Influence of aging on tuberculosis infection--an epidemiological study of 1,141 smear-positive TB patients].
50  ethanol steam-reforming reaction
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
APXPS (1 time)
2016 Ambient pressure XPS and IRRAS investigation of ethanol steam reforming on Ni-CeO2(111) catalysts: an in situ study of C-C and O-H bond scission.
51  European standardized incidence rates
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2010 Epidemiology of extracutaneous melanoma in the Netherlands.
52  excited state reactivity
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GSH (1 time)
HAT (1 time)
OAT (1 time)
2011 Multivariate analysis of emission decay matrices for distinguishing ground state heterogeneity and excited state reactions of tryptophan.
53  external sphincter resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ISR (2 times)
EMR (1 time)
HALS (1 time)
2011 [Sphincter-saving resection for low rectal cancer].
54  extracranial stereotactic radioablation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2003 Extracranial stereotactic radioablation: results of a phase I study in medically inoperable stage I non-small cell lung cancer.
55  extracranial stereotactic radiosurgery
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
EUD (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
LQ (1 time)
2003 How should we describe the radioblologic effect of extracranial stereotactic radlosurgery: equivalent uniform dose or tumor control probability?
56  trapping-electron spin resonance
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
ECL (1 time)
OEC (1 time)
2006 Damage to the oxygen-evolving complex by superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radical in photoinhibition of photosystem II.
57  (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide)-electron spin resonance
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SARs (1 time)
XO (1 time)
2007 Structure-activity relationship of C6-C3 phenylpropanoids on xanthine oxidase-inhibiting and free radical-scavenging activities.
58  17-beta-estradiol
(1 time)
DRS (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
2015 Development of Simultaneous Derivative Spectrophotometric and HPLC Methods for Determination of 17-Beta-Estradiol and Drospirenone in Combined Dosage Form.
59  contralateral stapedius reflex threshold
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AESR (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
2000 Objective intraoperative method to record averaged electromyographic stapedius muscle reflexes in cochlear implant patients.
60  early and sustained response
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2012 Improving care for depression: performance measures, outcomes and insights from the Health Disparities Collaboratives.
61  early serologic response
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
HBeAg (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2007 Dynamics of hepatitis B e antigen index ratio correlate with treatment response in chronic hepatitis B patients.
62  early size reduction
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2003 Monitoring the size and response of locally advanced breast cancers to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (weekly paclitaxel and epirubicin) with serial enhanced MRI.
63  early systemic reaction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
CSMS (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2018 Short course of grass allergen peptides immunotherapy over 3weeks reduces seasonal symptoms in allergic rhinoconjunctivitis with/without asthma: A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
64  early-stage resectable
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LCSS (1 time)
MVA (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2018 The Role of Race and Economic Characteristics in the Presentation and Survival of Patients With Surgically Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
65  economic and social rights
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2015 Satisfaction with economic and social rights and quality of life in a post-disaster zone in China: evidence from earthquake-prone Sichuan.
66  ectomycorrhizas
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Inoculation of Pinus halepensis Mill. with selected ectomycorrhizal fungi improves seedling establishment 2 years after planting in a degraded gypsum soil.
67  Educational Supervisor Report
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
DiD (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
TAB (1 time)
2016 Value of supervised learning events in predicting doctorsin difficulty.
68  effective series resistance
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TETS (1 time)
1992 The effects of metals on a transcutaneous energy transmission system.
69  effective service ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
API (1 time)
2018 Detailed Assessment of the Spatial Distribution of Urban Parks According to Day and Travel Mode Based on Web Mapping API: A Case Study of Main Parks in Wuhan.
70  Effort Sharing Regulation
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2018 How do farm models compare when estimating greenhouse gas emissions from dairy cattle production?
71  effusion and its relation with clinical, radiological and laboratory
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Sonography for hip joint effusion in adults with hip pain.
72  elastography strain ratios
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CDU (1 time)
USG (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of diagnostic value of conventional and color Doppler ultrasound with elastography strain ratios in differentiation between benign and malignant lymph nodes.
73  elderly suicide rate
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
IRR (1 time)
OAs (1 time)
2016 Rates and characteristics of elderly suicide in China, 2013-14.
74  elective sigmoid resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
EAM (1 time)
2004 Risk factors for mortality and morbidity after elective sigmoid resection for diverticulitis: prospective multicenter multivariate analysis of 582 patients.
75  electrical stapedius reflex response
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
EABR (1 time)
ImpT (1 time)
2004 Electrophysiologic and objective monitoring of the cochlear implant during surgery: implementation, audit and outcomes.
76  electrical substitution radiometer
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Demonstration of a dual-mode Si detector as a self-calibrating device at room temperature.
77  electrode shaft reference
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
GWR (1 time)
SEEG (1 time)
2018 Optimal referencing for stereo-electroencephalographic (SEEG) recordings.
78  electroencephalogram silence-ratio
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
--- 2000 Electroencephalogram silence ratio for early outcome prognosis in severe head trauma.
79  electroencephalography suppression rate
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
IoC (1 time)
2013 Assessment of unconsciousness in pigs during exposure to nitrogen and carbon dioxide mixtures.
80  electron spin resonance frequencies
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DNP (1 time)
2010 L-band Overhauser dynamic nuclear polarization.
81  Electron spin resonance, ESR
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2008 [Inactivation mechanism of microorganisms by the synergy of silver and light irradiation, and the application in household electrical appliances].
82  electron spin trapping
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2009 Singlet oxygen generated from the decomposition of peroxymonocarbonate and its observation with chemiluminescence method.
83  electron spin-resonance resonance
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
BPO-BHN (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2017 A novel Z-scheme BiPO4-Bi2O2(OH)(NO3) heterojunction structured hybrid for synergistic photocatalysis.
84  electronic safety reporting
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALIAS (1 time)
CTMS (1 time)
2010 A web-based medical safety reporting system for a large multicenter clinical trial: the ALIAS experience.
85  Electronic Staff Records
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NVR (1 time)
UK (1 time)
2016 Predicted shortage of vascular surgeons in the United Kingdom: A matter for debate?
86  electronic stent register
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
MSL (1 time)
SERF (1 time)
2007 Preventing the forgotten ureteral stent: implementation of a web-based stent registry with automatic recall application.
87  electrophilic stress response
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
miR (1 time)
Nrf2 (1 time)
OxPAPC (1 time)
2014 MicroRNA miR-320a modulates induction of HO-1, GCLM and OKL38 by oxidized phospholipids in endothelial cells.
88  electroslag remelting
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 Investigation of the Oxidation Behaviour of Ti and Al in Inconel 718 Superalloy During Electroslag Remelting.
89  electrostimulated
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
post-ex (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2010 Comparison of active and electrostimulated recovery strategies after fatiguing exercise.
90  embryo survival rate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
SW (1 time)
2012 Split-weaning before altrenogest synchronization of multiparous sows alters follicular development and reduces embryo survival.
91  embryonic stem cell research
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2006 "More on respect for embryos and potentiality: does respect for embryos entail respect for in vitro embryos?".
92  emergency surveillance and response
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2006 The cost-effectiveness of strategies to reduce mortality from an intentional release of aerosolized anthrax spores.
93  emergy self-support ratio
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CCP (1 time)
EIPS (1 time)
ESIs (1 time)
2016 Emergy assessment of three home courtyard agriculture production systems in Tibet Autonomous Region, China.
94  emotionally self-referent
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2011 Influencing attitudes toward carbon capture and sequestration: a social marketing approach.
95  enamel solubility reducing
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
APF (1 time)
1978 Enamel solubility reduction by acidulated phosphate-fluoride (APF) treatment.
96  Enamel Solubility Reduction
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DFU (1 time)
EFU (1 time)
PFU (1 time)
2017 Fluoride Uptake Profiles of Selected European Toothpastes into Hard Tissues and Plaque.
97  encoding the oestrogen receptors
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2004 Mapping of the porcine oestrogen receptor 2 gene and association study with litter size in Iberian pigs.
98  encoding-speeded response
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
PRP (1 time)
2004 Dissociating sources of dual-task interference using human electrophysiology.
99  end stroke rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2014 Characterization of the work-time relationship during cross-country ski ergometry.
100  endoscopic lithotripsy basket
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ASBP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EN (1 time)
2011 Therapeutic effects of endoscopic therapy combined with enteral nutrition on acute severe biliary pancreatitis.