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Abbreviation: ESS
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Long forms: 254

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Epworth Sleepiness Scale
(1863 times)
Psychophysiology
(467 times)
OSA (493 times)
AHI (429 times)
PSQI (308 times)
1991 A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth sleepiness scale.
endoscopic sinus surgery
(927 times)
Otolaryngology
(761 times)
CRS (289 times)
CT (83 times)
QOL (62 times)
1992 Clinical aspects and distribution of immunologically active cells in the nasal mucosa of patients with nasal polyps after endoscopic sinus surgery and treatment with topical corticosteroids.
endometrial stromal sarcoma
(301 times)
Neoplasms
(140 times)
LMS (44 times)
CS (14 times)
UES (13 times)
1975 Uterine sarcoma.
evolutionarily stable strategy
(198 times)
Biology
(138 times)
NIS (3 times)
ESC (2 times)
IFD (2 times)
1978 Models of parent-offspring conflict. I. Monogamy.
endothelial shear stress
(69 times)
Cardiology
(35 times)
OCT (9 times)
CFD (5 times)
LDL (5 times)
2003 Effect of endothelial shear stress on the progression of coronary artery disease, vascular remodeling, and in-stent restenosis in humans: in vivo 6-month follow-up study.
euthyroid sick syndrome
(45 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
TSH (7 times)
IL (5 times)
CHF (3 times)
1981 Serum thyroid hormone abnormalities in psychiatric disease.
exonic splicing silencer
(43 times)
Molecular Biology
(16 times)
ESE (25 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
ISS (3 times)
1995 Identification of positive and negative splicing regulatory elements within the terminal tat-rev exon of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
empty sella syndrome
(39 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
CSF (6 times)
MRI (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1976 The empty sella syndrome.
European Social Survey
(38 times)
Public Health
(14 times)
EU-SILC (4 times)
ISSP (2 times)
NCDs (2 times)
2007 Health differences between European countries.
10  European Standard Set
(38 times)
Jurisprudence
(23 times)
STR (6 times)
CODIS (3 times)
ENFSI (2 times)
1998 Common contact sensitizers in Chandigarh, India. A study of 200 patients with the European standard series.
11  end-systolic stress
(34 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
LV (15 times)
EF (7 times)
FS (6 times)
1984 Echocardiographic evaluation of cardiovascular effects of amrinone.
12  epistaxis severity score
(28 times)
Otolaryngology
(22 times)
HHT (24 times)
PCS (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
2011 Efficacy of intranasal Bevacizumab (Avastin) treatment in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia-associated epistaxis.
13  elastic scattering spectroscopy
(27 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
NIR (2 times)
AVD (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
1999 Non-invasive measurement of chemotherapy drug concentrations in tissue: preliminary demonstrations of in vivo measurements.
14  European Stroke Scale
(27 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
BI (5 times)
NIHSS (4 times)
CRP (2 times)
1997 [Evaluation of treatment outcome after nicergoline and pentoxifylline in patients with ischemic stroke].
15  end-systolic wall stress
(23 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
LV (10 times)
EF (4 times)
VCFc (4 times)
1988 Effect of heart rate on the end-systolic wall stress-mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening relation.
16  endonuclease sensitive site
(21 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
LP (5 times)
UV (5 times)
MP (4 times)
1986 Quantitation of carcinogen-induced DNA damage and repair in human cells with the UVR ABC excision nuclease from Escherichia coli.
17  ESAT-6 secretion system
(13 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
agr (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CA-SA (1 time)
2012 Characterization of EssB, a protein required for secretion of ESAT-6 like proteins in Staphylococcus aureus.
18  effective sample size
(12 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
BMCMC (1 time)
CALD (1 time)
2004 What is an intracluster correlation coefficient? Crucial concepts for primary care researchers.
19  engineered skin substitutes
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BrdU (2 times)
GAG (2 times)
AG (1 time)
2007 Assessment of an automated bioreactor to propagate and harvest keratinocytes for fabrication of engineered skin substitutes.
20  English Springer Spaniel
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
ARHN (1 time)
CAV-1 (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1992 Canine GM1-gangliosidosis. A clinical, morphologic, histochemical, and biochemical comparison of two different models.
21  eccrine squamous syringometaplasia
(10 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
AE (2 times)
CML (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1991 Necrotizing eccrine squamous syringometaplasia presenting as acral erythema.
22  Environmental Status Scale
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MS (6 times)
EDSS (4 times)
ISS (4 times)
1984 Proposal for summing the incapacity status or environmental status scores.
23  effluent suspended solids
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SBRs (3 times)
SVI (3 times)
CFD (2 times)
2003 Effects of temperature transient conditions on aerobic biological treatment of wastewater.
24  Emergency Surgery Score
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ACS-NSQIP (3 times)
ES (3 times)
ASA (1 time)
2017 The Emergency Surgery Score (ESS) accurately predicts the occurrence of postoperative complications in emergency surgery patients.
25  endonasal sinus surgery
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
CRS (2 times)
Al (1 time)
EETA (1 time)
1999 Bone density measurements of the paranasal sinuses on plastinated whole-organ sections: anatomic data to prevent complications in endoscopic sinus surgery.
26  Epworth Sleepiness Scale questionnaire
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
OSA (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2009 Are general dental practitioners effective in the management of non-apnoeic snoring using mandibular advancement appliances?
27  European Spallation Source
(7 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
PS-ESS (1 time)
RC (1 time)
RFQ (1 time)
2012 Note: emittance measurements of intense pulsed proton beam for different pulse length and repetition rate.
28  Experience of Shame Scale
(7 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BPD (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2002 Predicting depressive symptoms with a new measure of shame: The Experience of Shame Scale.
29  extended self-similarity
(6 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
fBm (1 time)
HHTS (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
1999 Extended fractal analysis for texture classification and segmentation.
30  emulsion stability simulations
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
OR (1 time)
2005 Calculation of flocculation and coalescence rates for concentrated dispersions using emulsion stability simulations.
31  end-systolic meridional wall stress
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LV (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
AoCo (1 time)
1993 [Long-term follow-up in patients operated on for aortic coarctation. The echo-Doppler and MRI assessment of left ventricular function and the transisthmic gradient].
32  endolymphatic sac surgery
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
MD (2 times)
AAO-HNS (1 time)
ANS (1 time)
1991 Revision endolymphatic sac surgery for recurrent Meniere's disease.
33  endoscopic surgery
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
AR (1 time)
BCD (1 time)
CFRS (1 time)
2007 [Effect and evaluation of image guided navigation system in complex endoscopic endonasal surgery].
34  Endostreptosin
(5 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
ASGN (2 times)
GN (1 time)
PSAGN (1 time)
1981 Depression of endostreptosin, streptolysin O and streptozyme antibodies in patients with idiopathic nephrosis with and without a nephrotic syndrome.
35  enhanced surgical skills
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CDP (1 time)
CFPC (1 time)
FPESS (1 time)
2015 General practitioner surgery: anyone interested?
36  Epworth Sleepiness
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PSG (2 times)
ANT (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2002 The influence of polysomnography on the Multiple Sleep Latency Test and other measures of daytime sleepiness.
37  Eczema Severity Score
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
AE (1 time)
DLQI (1 time)
2008 A pilot study showing pulsed-dye laser treatment improves localized areas of chronic atopic dermatitis.
38  Efficacy Safety Score
(4 times)
Pain Management
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
MEWS (1 time)
2016 EVALUATION OF EFFICACY AND SAFETY POSTOPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT BY INTRAMUSCULAR ANALGESIA AFTER DIFFERENT TYPES OF ANAESTHESIA: PILOT CLINICAL PROSPECTIVE STUDY.
39  eggshell strength
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EW (3 times)
EST (2 times)
ESW (2 times)
1985 Egg production, egg weight, eggshell strength, and mortality in three strains of commercial layers vaccinated with F strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum.
40  energy storage system
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
DMC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2014 Charge scheduling of an energy storage system under time-of-use pricing and a demand charge.
41  estrous sheep serum
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
BSA (1 time)
1994 Estrous sheep serum as a potent agent for ovine IVF: effect on cholesterol efflux from spermatozoa and the acrosome reaction.
42  excited skin syndrome
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
PDs (1 time)
1996 Excited skin syndrome.
43  exonic splicing suppressor
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
BPV-1 (3 times)
nt (2 times)
BDV (1 time)
1998 A pyrimidine-rich exonic splicing suppressor binds multiple RNA splicing factors and inhibits spliceosome assembly.
44  Exton-Smith Score
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ADL (4 times)
CIRS (4 times)
IADL (4 times)
2007 Usefulness of the comprehensive geriatric assessment in older patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a two-year follow-up study.
45  early septic shock
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CCM (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
LSS (1 time)
1999 [The interconnection between the severity of meningococcal infection and the endotoxicity levels and patient's blood complement].
46  Early Signs Scale
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
PPV (1 time)
WSS (1 time)
1989 Predicting relapse in schizophrenia: the development and implementation of an early signs monitoring system using patients and families as observers, a preliminary investigation.
47  Edmonton Staging System
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
rESS (2 times)
ECS-CP (1 time)
MEDD (1 time)
2005 A multicenter study of the revised Edmonton Staging System for classifying cancer pain in advanced cancer patients.
48  electrostatic spraying system
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CPC (1 time)
EO (1 time)
LAE (1 time)
2003 The effect of electrolyzed oxidative water applied using electrostatic spraying on pathogenic and indicator bacteria on the surface of eggs.
49  endonuclease-susceptible sites
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
UDS (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1984 Kinetics of ultraviolet induced DNA excision repair in rat and human fibroblasts.
50  endosulfan sulfate
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ANF (1 time)
CYP1A (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2013 Kinetics of the biodegradation pathway of endosulfan in the aerobic and anaerobic environments.
51  enhanced safety surveillance
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ARs (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
AEIs (1 time)
2017 Passive enhanced safety surveillance for Vaxigrip and Intanza 15 g in the United Kingdom and Finland during the northern hemisphere influenza season 2015/16.
52  Epidemiological Surveillance System
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
HDCP (1 time)
2007 [Descriptive epidemiology of non-meningococcal bacterial meningitis in the province of Saragossa [Spain] from 1999 to 2004. Evaluation of the Epidemiological Surveillance System].
53  Epilepsy Stigma Scale
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ED (1 time)
ESES (1 time)
ESMS (1 time)
2014 Factors associated with perceived stigma of epilepsy in Croatia: a study using the revised Epilepsy Stigma Scale.
54  equivalence set size
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2005 Individual pattern representations are context independent, but their collective representation is context dependent.
55  erythrocyte sodium sensitivity
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SBT (2 times)
4h-HD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2013 Determination of erythrocyte sodium sensitivity in man.
56  erythrocyte-sensitizing substances
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
--- 1975 Erythrocyte-sensitizing substance from Rickettsia Canadia.
57  European Scoring System
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
FD (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2010 Complications of urologic laparoscopic surgery: a single institute experience of 1017 procedures.
58  extended surgical staging
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
RT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
1990 Hysterectomy with extended surgical staging and radiotherapy versus hysterectomy alone and radiotherapy in stage I endometrial cancer: a comparison of complication rates.
59  Early sport specialization
(2 times)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
--- 2014 A case of early sports specialization in an adolescent athlete.
60  Eckardt symptom score
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ASQ (1 time)
HREM (1 time)
LES (1 time)
2018 Evaluating the reliability and construct validity of the Eckardt symptom score as a measure of achalasia severity.
61  Edinburgh scoring system
(2 times)
Anesthesia
(1 time)
MAI (1 time)
SD (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1996 Assessment of liver histology in patients with hepatitis C and normal transaminase levels.
62  effect strength for sensitivity
(2 times)
Adolescent Psychology
(1 time)
ODA (1 time)
ODD (1 time)
2007 [Discrepancies between the IQCODE (Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly) and cognitive test performance].
63  effective scatterer size
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
DT (1 time)
IBC (1 time)
2008 High frequency ultrasound device to investigate the acoustic properties of whole blood during coagulation.
64  electric self-balancing scooter
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
FE (2 times)
2016 Simulative investigation on head injuries of electric self-balancing scooter riders subject to ground impact.
65  electrical self-stimulation
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
VP (1 time)
1992 Dorsal diencephalic self-stimulation: a movable electrode mapping study.
66  electrical somatosensory stimulation
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BBT (1 time)
FMA (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2017 Electrical somatosensory stimulation followed by motor training of the paretic upper limb in acute stroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
67  electronic spreadsheet
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
IDAN (1 time)
SUS (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of KNAVE-II: a tool for intelligent query and exploration of patient data.
68  electronic surveillance systems
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
HAIs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2015 Data elements and validation methods used for electronic surveillance of health care-associated infections: a systematic review.
69  electronic syndromic surveillance
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2013 Diagnostic performance of electronic syndromic surveillance systems in acute care: a systematic review.
70  embodied sense of self
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
ESSS (2 times)
2016 Development of Embodied Sense of Self Scale (ESSS): Exploring Everyday Experiences Induced by Anomalous Self-Representation.
71  employee self-service
(2 times)
--- 1998 Fire that elusive "somebody" in HR by redefining ESS (employee self-service).
72  end-systolic S
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LV (2 times)
CABG group (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1998 Postinfarction left-ventricular aneurysm: regional stress, function, and remodeling after aneurysmectomy.
73  Ending Self-Stigma
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2011 Ending self-stigma: pilot evaluation of a new intervention to reduce internalized stigma among people with mental illnesses.
74  endocannabinoid signaling system
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FFPE (1 time)
IF (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2018 Therapeutic Cannabis and Endocannabinoid Signaling System Modulator Use in Otolaryngology Patients.
75  Enjoyment of Sexualization Scale
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2011 Empowering or oppressing? Development and exploration of the Enjoyment of Sexualization Scale.
76  environmental and social stimuli
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
CPu (1 time)
D1R (1 time)
2007 Effects of chronic environmental and social stimuli during adolescence on mesolimbic dopaminergic circuitry markers.
77  environmental somatization syndrome
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1994 [Environmental somatization syndrome. How to deal with the external milieu syndrome?].
78  epidermal sensor system
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
sEMG (1 time)
2015 "Cut-and-Paste" Manufacture of Multiparametric Epidermal Sensor Systems.
79  Epworth daytime Sleepiness Scale
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PSQI (2 times)
ABPM (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2016 The impact of psychological factors on self-reported sleep disturbance among people living in the vicinity of wind turbines.
80  Epworth Somnolence Scale
(2 times)
Investigational New Drug Application
(1 time)
CGIC (1 time)
GGT (1 time)
GOT (1 time)
2000 Randomized, double-blind clinical trial, controlled with placebo, of the toxicology of chronic melatonin treatment.
81  error severity score
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
RPN (1 time)
2017 Standardized error severity score (ESS) ratings to quantify risk associated with child restraint system (CRS) and booster seat misuse.
82  ESStr
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
FOSQtr (1 time)
2004 Greek version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale.
83  expandable spinal spacer
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DDD (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
PLIF (1 time)
2003 Posterior lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative disc disease using a minimally invasive B-twin expandable spinal spacer: a multicenter study.
84  experimental Sjogren's syndrome
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
pSS (2 times)
Breg (1 time)
GITRL (1 time)
2019 Increased GITRL Impairs the Function of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells and Exacerbates Primary Sjogren Syndrome.
85  experimental SS
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
BTZ (1 time)
CLN (1 time)
2015 Th17 cells play a critical role in the development of experimental Sjogren's syndrome.
86  external sagittal stratum
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CSB (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
PADRE (1 time)
1984 Axon strata of the cerebral wall in embryonic mice.
87  externalizing symptoms scores
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2008 Abnormalities in cortical and transcallosal inhibitory mechanisms in subjects at high risk for alcohol dependence: a TMS study.
88  extracellular slime substance
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PIA (1 time)
SAA (1 time)
1989 New aspects in the pathogenesis and prevention of polymer-associated foreign-body infections caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci.
89  4-ethynyl styryl sulfide
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DEB (1 time)
2019 A liquid chromatographic charge transfer stationary phase based on the thiol-yne reaction.
90  early scirrhous carcinoma of the stomach
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1996 Short communication: detection of early scirrhous carcinoma of the stomach by endoscopic ultrasonography.
91  early solar system
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DaG (1 time)
2016 Young asteroidal fluid activity revealed by absolute age from apatite in carbonaceous chondrite.
92  early sporogonic stages
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Plasmodium transmission blocking activities of Vernonia amygdalina extracts and isolated compounds.
93  early stage sarcopenia
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
TREND (1 time)
UPDRS-III (1 time)
2017 Associations between Early Markers of Parkinson's Disease and Sarcopenia.
94  Early summed score
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
123I-mIBG (1 time)
AE (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2018 Role of cardiac 123I-mIBG imaging in predicting arrhythmic events in stable chronic heart failure patients with an ICD.
95  Early symptoms of schizophrenia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AHP (1 time)
BPRS (1 time)
2004 Autochthonous experience, heightened awareness, and perception distortion in patients with schizophrenia: a symptomatological study.
96  early-stage schizophrenia
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PANSS (1 time)
2011 Aripiprazole versus haloperidol treatment in early-stage schizophrenia.
97  early-stage spondylolysis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
nsLBP (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2015 Characteristics of low back pain in adolescent patients with early-stage spondylolysis evaluated using a detailed visual analogue scale.
98  Earth system climate sensitivity
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GHGs (1 time)
2012 Geobiological constraints on Earth system sensitivity to CO₂ during the Cretaceous and Cenozoic.
99  Earth System Science
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Building climate resilience in the Blue Nile/Abay Highlands: a role for Earth system sciences.
100  East Asian CagA-specific sequence
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
WSS (1 time)
2006 Helicobacter pylori CagA transfection of gastric epithelial cells induces interleukin-8.