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Abbreviation: EST
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
expressed sequence tag
(2090 times)
Molecular Biology
(439 times)
SSR (98 times)
ORF (86 times)
RACE (78 times)
1993 Linking yeast genetics to mammalian genomes: identification and mapping of the human homolog of CDC27 via the expressed sequence tag (EST) data base.
endoscopic sphincterotomy
(310 times)
Gastroenterology
(170 times)
ERCP (78 times)
CBD (61 times)
EPBD (42 times)
1978 [Endoscopic papillotomy (author's transl)].
embryonic stem cell test
(115 times)
Toxicology
(69 times)
ESC (14 times)
ES (11 times)
WEC (10 times)
1998 Results of the first phase of the ECVAM project "prevalidation and validation of three in vitro embryotoxicity tests"
endodermal sinus tumor
(94 times)
Neoplasms
(51 times)
AFP (38 times)
BEP (6 times)
YST (6 times)
1974 The significance of alpha-fetoprotein in the serum of patients with malignant teratomas and related gonadal neoplasms.
estrogen sulfotransferase
(92 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
STs (28 times)
ER (8 times)
PAPS (6 times)
1984 Characterization of cytosolic estrogen sulfotransferase from RL95-2 endometrial cancer cells.
esterase
(80 times)
Genetics
(20 times)
MDH (20 times)
SOD (16 times)
GST (14 times)
1975 Isoenzyme frequencies in long-term selection lines of Drosophila melanogaster I. Isoenzyme frequencies of the esterases (Est) and larval alkaline phosphatases (Aph) in temperature selected lines.
exercise stress test
(80 times)
Cardiology
(48 times)
CAD (15 times)
MVA (5 times)
CBF (4 times)
1981 Relationship of resting ejection fraction and extent of coronary arterial disease with changes of QRS amplitude during exercise stress testing.
exercise stress testing
(60 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
CAD (13 times)
ED (6 times)
CV (4 times)
1977 Electrographic exercise stress testing and coronary arteriography. Correlation among 114 men with chest pain.
endoscopic sclerotherapy
(43 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
EHPVO (11 times)
EVL (8 times)
EPCS (5 times)
1985 Endoscopic sclerotherapy (EST) in acute variceal bleeding.
10  electrical stimulation therapy
(34 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
GERD (5 times)
LES (3 times)
SCI (3 times)
1985 Effect of aprindine, verapamil and nifedipine on ventricular fibrillation threshold in isolated rabbit hearts.
11  emotional Stroop task
(32 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
PTSD (6 times)
BPD (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2002 Underlying self-esteem in chronic fatigue syndrome.
12  eggshell temperature
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
IP (4 times)
YFBM (4 times)
BA (2 times)
2005 Effect of eggshell temperature during incubation on embryo development, hatchability, and posthatch development.
13  estradiol
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
FSH (4 times)
LH (4 times)
TES (3 times)
1984 The effect of a leukotriene receptor antagonist, FPL 55712, on estrogen-induced uterine hyperemia in the nonpregnant rabbit.
14  estrogen
(18 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CON (3 times)
MMPs (3 times)
PROG (3 times)
1989 Sex hormones influence growth and surfactant production in fetal lung explants.
15  empirically supported treatment
(17 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
CF (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
AN (1 time)
2001 Empirically supported treatments: will this movement in the field of psychology impact the practice of psychosocial oncology?
16  17beta-estradiol
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ER (2 times)
GEN (2 times)
AMPA (1 time)
1999 Estradiol increases spine density and NMDA-dependent Ca2+ transients in spines of CA1 pyramidal neurons from hippocampal slices.
17  endovascular stroke treatment
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AIS (2 times)
sICH (2 times)
C/BT (1 time)
2015 Sedation vs. Intubation for Endovascular Stroke TreAtment (SIESTA) - a randomized monocentric trial.
18  esterification
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CET (9 times)
HDL (6 times)
PLTP (5 times)
1985 Adipose tissue fatty acid metabolism during pregnancy in swine.
19  estimate
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
ARR (1 time)
2006 Measurement of left mainstem bronchus using multiplane CT reconstructions and relationship between patient characteristics or tracheal diameters and left bronchial diameters.
20  estrus
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LH (3 times)
PRO (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1984 Secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and pituitary receptors for LH-releasing hormone as modified by the proestrous surge of progesterone.
21  electroshock seizure threshold
(9 times)
Brain
(7 times)
MES (5 times)
CA (2 times)
E/F (2 times)
1975 Changes of electro-shock seizure threshold in alloxan diabetic rats.
22  enriched supportive therapy
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
CET (9 times)
ACC (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
2006 Durability and mechanism of effects of cognitive enhancement therapy.
23  beta-estradiol
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Ca,L (3 times)
SHAM (3 times)
DHT (2 times)
1982 Effects of low level of dietary protein and estrogen administration on the aflatoxin-protein complexes in rat liver cytosol.
24  electroshock treatment
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
al (1 time)
BUPR (1 time)
1966 [Clinical and experimental studies on the effects of electroshock treatment (EST) on the hypothalamo-hypophyseo-thyroidal system].
25  estrogen ST
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
PST (5 times)
ST (4 times)
DHEA (3 times)
1994 Human liver estrogen sulfotransferase: identification by cDNA cloning and expression.
26  Eastern Standard Time
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
MNF (1 time)
NFL (1 time)
1995 UV-B radiometry and dosimetry for solar measurements.
27  equally sloped tomography
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
ADSIR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
ASSR (1 time)
2008 Radiation dose reduction and image enhancement in biological imaging through equally-sloped tomography.
28  e-learning-based speech therapy
(6 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
ADT (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2010 E-learning-based speech therapy: a web application for speech training.
29  ego state therapy
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
CAPS (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2011 Single-session manualized ego state therapy (EST) for combat stress injury, PTSD, and ASD, part 1: the theory.
30  Ehrlich solid tumor
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
PSA (3 times)
EAT (2 times)
Con A (1 time)
1986 67Ga uptake and heparan sulfate content of Ehrlich solid tumor in mice.
31  endometrial stromal tumors
(6 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
LGESS (2 times)
DFS (1 time)
ESN (1 time)
1992 Endometrial stromal neoplasms of the uterus. A clinicopathologic study.
32  ergometric stress test
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
HR (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1991 [Cardiovascular adaptation during cycloergometric exercise test in insulin-dependent diabetics with or without autonomic cardiopathy].
33  estimation
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
RPE (2 times)
AVT (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1976 The validity of self-perceptions regarding physical and athletic ability.
34  extraslice spin tagging
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
UFE (1 time)
1999 Extraslice spin tagging (EST) magnetic resonance imaging for the determination of perfusion.
35  early stent thrombosis
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ACS (2 times)
MACE (2 times)
PCI (2 times)
2006 [Is early stent thrombosis an inflammatory disease? A study of 1306 implantations].
36  eggshell thickness
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
ESS (3 times)
ESW (3 times)
GWAS (2 times)
2010 Heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in Iranian native fowl.
37  empirically supported therapies
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
APA (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2000 Clinical hypnosis with children: first steps toward empirical support.
38  enameloplasty sealant technique
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CST (5 times)
FT (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2005 Flowable resin used as a sealant in molars affected by dental fluorosis: a comparative study.
39  endovascular stroke therapy
(5 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
NIHSS (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ASPECTS (1 time)
2014 Addition of hyperacute MRI AIDS in patient selection, decreasing the use of endovascular stroke therapy.
40  environmentally superior technology
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NC (1 time)
TKN (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2005 Science of odor as a potential health issue.
41  equilibrium surface tension
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MST (2 times)
SUR (2 times)
BT (1 time)
1995 The influence of pH on surface properties of lung surfactants.
42  early ST
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ST (4 times)
LST (3 times)
VLST (2 times)
2013 Usefulness of the RISK-PCI score to predict stent thrombosis in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a substudy of the RISK-PCI trial.
43  electrocardiographic stress testing
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
DSE (1 time)
2001 [Clinical evaluation of nitrates in exercise-induced angina].
44  emotional security theory
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CSA (1 time)
SCL-90-R (1 time)
SIFS (1 time)
2006 The implications of emotional security theory for understanding and treating childhood psychopathology.
45  endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EPBD (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
2001 Risk factors for recurrence of primary bile duct stones after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy.
46  estrogen substitution therapy
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
LNG (4 times)
IUS (3 times)
IUD (1 time)
2000 Endometrial suppression with a new 'frameless' levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women: a pilot study.
47  beta-esterase
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CAT (3 times)
ADH (2 times)
GOT (2 times)
1987 Enzyme diversity in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) : 1. West Africa.
48  electroshock therapy
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NMS (1 time)
PHU (1 time)
1979 Lateral cerebral ventricular enlargement in chronic schizophrenia.
49  endolymphatic sac tumors
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
VHL (2 times)
SRS (1 time)
2002 Endolymphatic sac tumor: unique features of two cases and review of the literature.
50  endoscopic sphincteropapillotomy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EPBD (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
1995 [A case of liver abscess caused by lapaloscopic liver biopsy after endoscopic sphincteropapillotomy (EST) during to the interferon therapy].
51  Enduring Somatic Threat
(3 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
PTSD (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CDI-PTSD (1 time)
2014 An Enduring Somatic Threat Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Due to Acute Life-Threatening Medical Events.
52  erythropoiesis-stimulating therapy
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CKD (2 times)
EPO (2 times)
DARB (1 time)
2006 Dosing patterns and costs of erythropoietic agents in patients with chronic kidney disease not on dialysis in managed care organizations.
53  esculetin
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
ManN (1 time)
1999 Esculetin suppresses proteoglycan metabolism by inhibiting the production of matrix metalloproteinases in rabbit chondrocytes.
54  Esophageal String Test
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EoE (2 times)
GERD (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2012 Novel device to sample the esophageal microbiome--the esophageal string test.
55  ester
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
ALLN (1 time)
apoB (1 time)
1995 Degradation of apolipoprotein B in cultured rat hepatocytes occurs in a post-endoplasmic reticulum compartment.
56  esterase isozyme
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 [Study on isozymes in six species of Curcuma].
57  Esthetic
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DC (1 time)
EMP (1 time)
EMX (1 time)
2008 UV-Vis spectrophotometric analysis and light irradiance through hot-pressed and hot-pressed-veneered glass ceramics.
58  estradiol-17 beta
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
BHV-1 (2 times)
gE (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1994 An interaction between glucose and estrogen in gastric acid secretion in the lateral hypothalamic area of female rats.
59  ethanol sclerotherapy
(3 times)
Genital Diseases, Female
(1 time)
--- 2009 Ethanol sclerotherapy: a treatment option for ovarian endometriomas before ovarian stimulation.
60  Event Segmentation Theory
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
EB (1 time)
VPC (1 time)
2017 Bound to remember: Infants show superior memory for objects presented at event boundaries.
61  exhaustive swimming test
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BNP (2 times)
CHF (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2014 [Establishment of chronic heart failure rat model of Xin-qi deficiency complicated blood stasis and edema syndrome and judgment of diagnosis information integration].
62  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FU (2 times)
HU (2 times)
DA (1 time)
1982 Combination chemotherapy of advanced colorectal cancer utilizing 5-fluorouracil, semustine, dacarbazine, vincristine, and hydroxyurea: a phase III trial by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (EST: 4275).
63  ECG stress test
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EP-LA (1 time)
hs-cTnT (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic value of the left atrial electrical potentials detected by body surface potential mapping in the prediction of coronary artery disease.
64  Ecological Systems Theory
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2001 Childhood overweight: a contextual model and recommendations for future research.
65  efficient purse-string stapling technique
(2 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
mEST (2 times)
MIE (1 time)
2013 Use of efficient purse-string stapling technique for esophagogastric anastomosis in minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy.
66  Ehrlich tumors
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DOX (2 times)
CAO (1 time)
NER (1 time)
2013 In vivo effect of oracin on doxorubicin reduction, biodistribution and efficacy in Ehrlich tumor bearing mice.
67  ejection fraction remained stable with time
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
AuVR (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2013 Fate of the remaining neo-aortic root after autograft valve replacement with a stented prosthesis for the failing ross procedure.
68  electrostatic therapy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1994 Electrostatic therapy (EST) of lung cancer and pulmonary metastasis: report of 15 cases.
69  end-shortening time delay
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BDM (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
HYPER (1 time)
2001 Hypervolaemia improves global and local function and efficiency in postischaemic myocardium.
70  end-systolic thickness
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EDT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
LVF (1 time)
2009 [Assessment of regional left ventricular function with 64 multi-detector row computed tomography].
71  endometrial stripe thickness
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
IUP (1 time)
2000 Endometrial stripe thickness in tubal and intrauterine pregnancies.
72  endoscopic papillosphincterotomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Long-term prophylactic administration of octreotide reduces the rise in serum amylase after endoscopic procedures on Vater's papilla.
73  endoscopic sphincterectomy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
PTBD (1 time)
1999 Use of octreotide-acetate in preventing pancreatitis-like changes following therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
74  Endostatin
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ASMase (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2008 Critical role of lipid raft redox signaling platforms in endostatin-induced coronary endothelial dysfunction.
75  endotoxin-specific test
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AZT (1 time)
CAZ (1 time)
CCLT (1 time)
1988 Early diagnosis of invasive candidiasis and rapid evaluation of antifungal therapy by combined use of conventional chromogenic limulus test and a newly developed endotoxin specific assay.
76  Energy Systems Theory
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
A/C (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2012 An energy systems view of sustainability: emergy evaluation of the San Luis Basin, Colorado.
77  epidural stimulation test
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CSE (1 time)
EPWA (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
2005 A prospective comparative study of two indirect methods for confirming the localization of an epidural catheter for postoperative analgesia.
78  epinephrine stimulation test
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
LGL (1 time)
1995 Epinephrine test and plasma elastase as diagnostic tools in a patient with CD3+ large granular lymphocyte proliferation.
79  epineurial sheath tube
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Epineurial sheath tube (EST) technique: an experimental peripheral nerve repair model.
80  equilibrium streamtube model
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DNAPL (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
PLM (1 time)
2013 Field-scale prediction of enhanced DNAPL dissolution based on partitioning tracers.
81  Erythema, scaling, and thickness
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Bathing suit delivery of 8-methoxypsoralen for psoriasis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
82  established recommendations
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DASH (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2005 Effect of lifestyle modifications on blood pressure by race, sex, hypertension status, and age.
83  estra-1,3,5(10),16-tetraen-3-ol
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AND (2 times)
MFTRs (1 time)
2006 Sex-specific differences in olfactory sensitivity for putative human pheromones in nonhuman primates.
84  estradiol concentration
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ApoE (1 time)
BDL (1 time)
2001 The differences in selected biochemical markers and histological findings after bile duct ligation in male and female rats.
85  estratetraenol
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AND (2 times)
CAH (1 time)
2009 High fetal testosterone and sexually dimorphic cerebral networks in females.
86  estriol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EES (2 times)
ESN (2 times)
ETS (2 times)
2006 Development of a faster determination of 10 anabolic steroids residues in animal muscle tissues by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
87  Estrogen group
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
CE (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2011 Hormonal therapy in the senescence: Prostatic microenvironment structure and adhesion molecules.
88  estrogen-like steroid estra-1,3,5(10),16-tetraen-3-ol
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
AND (2 times)
2005 Brain response to putative pheromones in homosexual men.
89  estrone
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
DES (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
1996 Activation of the human estrogen receptor by estrogenic and antiestrogenic compounds in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a positive selection system.
90  ethyl(+)-(2S,3S)-3-((S)-methyl-1-(3-methylbutylcarbamoyl)-butyl carbamoyl)-2 - oxiranecarboxylate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1987 Efficient synthetic method for ethyl (+)-(2S,3S)-3-[(S)-3-methyl- 1-(3-methylbutylcarbamoyl)butylcarbamoyl]-2-oxiranecarb oxylate (EST), a new inhibitor of cysteine proteinases.
91  European Suspension Test
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CEN (1 time)
IVT (1 time)
QSDT (1 time)
1991 International standardization of disinfectant testing: is it possible?
92  Ever Shorter Telomere
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
est (1 time)
1997 Three Ever Shorter Telomere (EST) genes are dispensable for in vitro yeast telomerase activity.
93  exchange-mediated saturation transfer
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2016 High-power (1)H composite pulse decoupling provides artifact free exchange-mediated saturation transfer (EST) experiments.
94  Executive Secretarial Task
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ABI (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
RRL (1 time)
2010 A real-life, ecologically valid test of executive functioning: the executive secretarial task.
95  exercise stress electrocardiography
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SAQ (1 time)
1994 Gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging during incremental dobutamine infusion for the localization of coronary artery stenoses.
96  expressed sequence tag analysis
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
HAGS (1 time)
2002 Expressed sequence tag analysis of blood cells in the vanadium-rich ascidian, Ascidia sydneiensis samea--a survey of genes for metal accumulation.
97  expressed tag sequence
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
XLRS (1 time)
2006 Retinoschisin expression and localization in rodent and human pineal and consequences of mouse RS1 gene knockout.
98  1,3,5(10),16-estratetraen-3-ol
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AND (1 time)
2004 Sniffing human sex-steroid derived compounds modulates mood, memory and autonomic nervous system function in specific behavioral contexts.
99  16-estratetraen-3-ol
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2003 Sex-steroid derived compounds induce sex-specific effects on autonomic nervous system function in humans.
100  17-alpha-estradiol
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
MB (1 time)
NDGA (1 time)
2014 Acarbose, 17-alpha-estradiol, and nordihydroguaiaretic acid extend mouse lifespan preferentially in males.