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Abbreviation: ETR
Appearance Frequency: 652 time(s)
Long forms: 106

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
electron transport rate
(165 times)
Botany
(57 times)
NPQ (32 times)
qP (32 times)
PSII (24 times)
1994 CO2 Uptake and Electron Transport Rates in Wild-Type and a Starchless Mutant of Nicotiana sylvestris (The Role and Regulation of Starch Synthesis at Saturating CO2 Concentrations).
end-of-treatment response
(128 times)
Gastroenterology
(50 times)
SVR (86 times)
HCV (64 times)
EVR (28 times)
1997 Therapy of hepatitis C: overview.
etravirine
(92 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(25 times)
EFV (29 times)
NNRTI (29 times)
NVP (19 times)
2008 Safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of 48 weeks of etravirine therapy in a phase IIb dose-ranging study involving treatment-experienced patients with HIV-1 infection.
effective thyroxine ratio
(26 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
AMI (1 time)
EE/DG (1 time)
EE/NG (1 time)
1972 [Res-O-Mat ETR (effective thyroxine ratio) test].
erythematotelangiectatic rosacea
(23 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
PPR (12 times)
EI (2 times)
IPL (2 times)
1993 Density of Demodex folliculorum in rosacea: a case-control study using standardized skin-surface biopsy.
endothelin receptor
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ET-1 (6 times)
CIH (2 times)
DCM (2 times)
1991 Physicochemical characterization and solubilization of endothelin receptors.
end-of-treatment
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
HCV (7 times)
SVR (4 times)
CHC (2 times)
1999 Prediction of relapse or sustained response in biochemical responders by serum hepatitis C virus RNA monitoring during interferon therapy.
ET receptor
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ET (8 times)
ET-1 (4 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
1997 Endothelin-1 and ETA receptor expression in vascular smooth muscle cells from human placenta: a new ETA receptor messenger ribonucleic acid is generated by alternative splicing of exon 3.
early tumor recurrence
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HCC (11 times)
CK19 (2 times)
ALDOB (1 time)
2006 Stathmin overexpression cooperates with p53 mutation and osteopontin overexpression, and is associated with tumour progression, early recurrence, and poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma.
10  exact tandem repeat
(10 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
MIRU-VNTR (3 times)
MIRUs (2 times)
QUB (2 times)
1998 Genetic diversity in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex based on variable numbers of tandem DNA repeats.
11  end-of-treatment virological response
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SVR (5 times)
HCV (3 times)
EVR (2 times)
2010 Association between plasma levels of eotaxin (CCL-11) and treatment response to interferon-alpha and ribavirin in HIV/HCV co-infected patients.
12  electron transport
(6 times)
Botany
(3 times)
PSII (4 times)
area (1 time)
Chl (1 time)
2001 Light acclimation maintains the redox state of the PS II electron acceptor Q(A) within a narrow range over a broad range of light intensities.
13  electron transport rate through PSII
(6 times)
Botany
(4 times)
NPQ (3 times)
PSII (3 times)
Pn (2 times)
1999 Limitation of leaf carbon gain by stomatal and photochemical processes in the top canopy of Macaranga conifera, a tropical pioneer tree.
14  end of therapy response
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
HBV (3 times)
HBeAg (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
1999 Long-term clinical outcome after beta-interferon therapy in cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C. TVVH Study Group.
15  erythematotelangiectatic
(5 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
PPR (5 times)
CLDN (1 time)
PhR (1 time)
2012 Role of Helicobacter pylori in common rosacea subtypes: a genotypic comparative study of Egyptian patients.
16  ecotoxicological rating
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AMD (3 times)
2001 An integrative assessment of a watershed impacted by abandoned mined land discharges.
17  Electronic TB Register
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
TB (4 times)
HIV (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
2008 Reported childhood tuberculosis treatment outcomes, Gaborone and Francistown, Botswana, 1998-2002.
18  embryo transfer rate
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ACQ (1 time)
AIE (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2003 Thermal effects of different dialysis techniques and blood pump speeds: an in vitro study.
19  ethoxyresorufin
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BZR (2 times)
BQ (1 time)
DFB (1 time)
1991 Induction of cytochrome P450 and other drug metabolizing enzymes in rat liver following dietary exposure to Aroclor 1254.
20  ethylene receptor
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
1-MCP (2 times)
ACC (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
2012 Developing tools for investigating the multiple roles of ethylene: identification and mapping genes for ethylene biosynthesis and reception in barley.
21  event time ratio
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 From hospice to hospital: short-term follow-up study of hospice patient outcomes in a US acute care hospital surveillance system.
22  etretinate
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
13CRA (2 times)
tRA (2 times)
13CNER (1 time)
1986 Teratogen update: vitamin A congeners.
23  endocrine therapy resistance
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EMT (1 time)
ERalpha (1 time)
GSIs (1 time)
2014 Nicastrin and Notch4 drive endocrine therapy resistance and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in MCF7 breast cancer cells.
24  engineered human transferrin receptor
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
Tf-MION (1 time)
2001 Human transferrin receptor gene as a marker gene for MR imaging.
25  Erzhi Tiangui recipe
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
FSH (1 time)
hMG (1 time)
HPOA (1 time)
2004 [Experimental study on effect of erzhi tiangui recipe on quality of oocyte in mice].
26  estimated treatment ratio
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
eGFR (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2016 Efficacy and Safety of Liraglutide Versus Placebo as Add-on to Glucose-Lowering Therapy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Moderate Renal Impairment (LIRA-RENAL): A Randomized Clinical Trial.
27  ethanol-treated rats
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AVs (1 time)
FasL (1 time)
TUNEL (1 time)
2002 Involvement of Fas system and active caspases in apoptotic signalling in testicular germ cells of ethanol-treated rats.
28  ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AHH (1 time)
1983 Biological effects of the Sudan dyes. Role of the Ah cytosolic receptor.
29  expected treatment response
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2001 Assessing treatment progress of individual patients using expected treatment response models.
30  experimental treatment regime
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FRT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2005 Effectiveness in controlling haemorrhage after dental scaling in people with haemophilia by using tranexamic acid mouthwash.
31  ear thickness ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
He-Ne (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
1995 Effect of a helium-neon laser on cutaneous inflammation.
32  Early temporary reimbursement
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MCDA (1 time)
2018 A multi-criteria decision approach for ranking unmet needs in healthcare.
33  early time ripening
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
TMPPA (1 time)
2005 Nucleation and growth of CdSe nanocrystals in a binary ligand system.
34  Eastern Tennessee Regions
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
MCR (1 time)
2018 Mississippian subadults from the Middle Cumberland and Eastern regions of Tennessee: Biological indicators of population interaction.
35  Eastern Townships
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBI (1 time)
IC (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of the effectiveness of arsenic screening promotion in private wells: a quasi-experimental study.
36  edema-tumor ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
NTR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2017 Volumetric quantification of glioblastoma: experiences with different measurement techniques and impact on survival.
37  Edge Triggering Response
(1 time)
OMR (1 time)
2010 The role of the pattern edge in goldfish visual motion detection.
38  Education, Training and Research Associates
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
ARH (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
HTN (1 time)
2008 Building capacity of state adolescent pregnancy prevention coalitions to implement science-based approaches.
39  effective thyroxine
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
hGH (1 time)
1979 Endocrinology of pregnancy. I. Denominations of concentrations of triiodothyronine, thyroxine, effective thyroxine, thyreotrophin and growth hormone in normal pregnancy, labour and in cord blood.
40  effective thyroxine quotient
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
TBG (1 time)
1978 [Ring experiment for determining thyroid function: triidothyronine binding capacity (TBG), total thyroxine (T4), thyrotropin (hTSH) and the effective thyroxine quotient (ETR)].
41  Effective Thyroxine Ratio test
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1974 [Our experience with the Effective Thyroxine Ratio test (ETR) IN THE Differential diagnosis of functional thyroid gland disorders].
42  effector-triggered response
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2011 Secreted bacterial effectors that inhibit host protein synthesis are critical for induction of the innate immune response to virulent Legionella pneumophila.
43  effector:target ratio
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
CCE (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
1995 Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) counteracts the inhibiting effect of monocytes on natural killer (NK) cells.
44  EFV; the main new treatment was a second-generation NNRTI
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
2014 Nuke-sparing regimens as a main simplification strategy and high level of toxicity resolution after antiretroviral switch: the SWITCHART Study.
45  EGF receptor transcriptional repressor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
bp (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
1994 Identification of an epidermal growth factor receptor transcriptional repressor.
46  EII/T relationship
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1997 Sex hormones in patients with liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
47  electromyographically tested tendon reflexes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
TR (1 time)
1995 The tendon reflexes in the electrodiagnosis of sciatica.
48  electron translucent region
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Ultrastructure of the Corynebacterium glutamicum cell wall.
49  electron transport activity
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Influence of dehydration and diurnal variation on characteristics of chlorophyll fluorescence of leaves in Haloxylon ammodendron and H. persicum].
50  electron transport rate to gross photosynthesis
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
TAC (1 time)
UFGT (1 time)
2018 Functional characteristics of phenolic compounds accumulated in young leaves of two subtropical forest tree species of different successional stages.
51  electron transport respiratory
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Characterization of the biochemical-pathway of uranium (VI) reduction in facultative anaerobic bacteria.
52  electronic telemedicine record
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 1999 The virtual mole clinic: preliminary results from the Plymouth skin cancer screening study using telemedicine.
53  electrons generated
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2012 Climate change (elevated CO₂, elevated temperature and moderate drought) triggers the antioxidant enzymes' response of grapevine cv. Tempranillo, avoiding oxidative damage.
54  embryo tail regeneration
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Mccrearamycins A-D, Geldanamycin-Derived Cyclopentenone Macrolactams from an Eastern Kentucky Abandoned Coal Mine Microbe.
55  emergency team response
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2018 Postpartum psychological distress after emergency team response during childbirth.
56  emergency thoracotomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Hemodynamic variables predict outcome of emergency thoracotomy in the pediatric trauma population.
57  end of therapy
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-29 (1 time)
2015 Insights into the role of HCV Plus-/Minus strand RNA, IFN-gamma and IL-29 in relapse outcome in patients infected with HCV.
58  end-of-therapy viral response
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HVR (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2004 Changes of HCV quasispecies during combination therapy with interferon and ribavirin.
59  end-of-treatment complete response
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HCV-CTL (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2001 [Relationship between intrahepatic HCV-specific CTL activity and response to interferon therapy in chronic hepatitis C].
60  end-of-treatment responder patients
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
NR (1 time)
2013 Analysis of HCV quasispecies dynamic under selective pressure of combined therapy.
61  end-of-treatment response with relapse thereafter
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
NR (1 time)
NS5A (1 time)
2000 Mutations within the E2 and NS5A protein in patients infected with hepatitis C virus type 3a and correlation with treatment response.
62  endocytosis rates
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FIHH (1 time)
mPBPK (1 time)
OFC (1 time)
2018 Two-Pore Minimum Physiologically-based Pharmacokinetic Model to Describe the Disposition of Therapeutic Monoclonal IgG Antibody in Humans.
63  Endogenous Tissue Restoration
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
RVOT (1 time)
UPy (1 time)
2019 Morphology and mechanisms of a novel absorbable polymeric conduit in the pulmonary circulation of sheep.
64  endoscopic treatment
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
pVUR (1 time)
2008 [Endoscopic treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux in childhood. Review of 989 cases in a 9 years period].
65  endoscopic treatment of the primary vesicoureteral reflux
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
pVUR (1 time)
2008 [Endoscopic treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux in childhood. Review of 989 cases in a 9 years period].
66  endpoint antiviral treatment virologic response rate
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CHC (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
2014 [Short-term curative effect of ribavirin combination therapy with pegylated interferon alfa-2a vs. interferon alfa-2a in patients with chronic hepatitis C].
67  endurance-trained
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BV (3 times)
SV (1 time)
UTR (1 time)
1997 Effect of alterations in blood volume on cardiac function during maximal exercise.
68  Energy Rupture Biomechanical Resistance test
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
HBO (1 time)
HCG (1 time)
2010 Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and mechanical resistence of the colonics anastomosis in rats with peritonitis.
69  Energy Rupture biomechanical test
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
HBO (1 time)
HCG (1 time)
2010 Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and mechanical resistence of the colonics anastomosis in rats with peritonitis.
70  energy-driven termite retinex
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2017 GRASS: A Gradient-Based Random Sampling Scheme for Milano Retinex.
71  engA-tRNA-rmlC
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SNF (1 time)
2016 Genomic resources for identification of the minimal N2 -fixing symbiotic genome.
72  enhanced temporal registration
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
PC (1 time)
REF (1 time)
2007 Correction of temporal misregistration artifacts in jet flow by conventional phase-contrast MRI.
73  enhanced total reflection
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HB (1 time)
inHB (1 time)
2018 Bistable enhanced total reflection in Kretschmann configuration containing a saturable gain medium.
74  entangled redundancy
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HMS (1 time)
ResNet (1 time)
RPR (1 time)
2019 Advancing System Performance with Redundancy: From Biological to Artificial Designs.
75  entries to repeat
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
FLETR (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2016 Toward early estimation and treatment of addiction vulnerability: radial arm maze and N-acetyl cysteine before cocaine sensitization or nicotine self-administration in neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion rats.
76  episodic trace retrieval
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
1999 The time-course of negative priming: little evidence for episodic trace retrieval.
77  equality threshold rating
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DPCM (1 time)
MNRU (1 time)
NFC-DPCM (1 time)
1995 Subjective evaluation of four low-complexity audio coding schemes.
78  equilateral-triangle-resonator
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Optical bistability in InP/GaInAsP equilateral-triangle-resonator microlasers.
79  equivalent trading ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TMDL (1 time)
2008 Linking trading ratio with TMDL (total maximum daily load) allocation matrix and uncertainty analysis.
80  erythematotelangiectatic subtype of rosacea
(1 time)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
TP (1 time)
2015 Clinical, Histologic, and Molecular Analysis of Differences Between Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea and Telangiectatic Photoaging.
81  Esophageal temperature rise
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PV (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2008 Pain and anatomical locations of radiofrequency ablation as predictors of esophageal temperature rise during pulmonary vein isolation.
82  estradiol to testosterone ratio
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1995 Hepatocellular carcinoma in alcoholic cirrhosis: is sex hormone imbalance a pathogenetic factor?
83  etanercept
(1 time)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
tNG (1 time)
2018 Breaking the Barrier - Potent Anti-Inflammatory Activity following Efficient Topical Delivery of Etanercept using Thermoresponsive Nanogels.
84  Etched group
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
NER (1 time)
2012 1-Year clinical study of indirect resin composite restorations luted with a self-adhesive resin cement: effect of enamel etching.
85  ethylene-resistant
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ARR2 (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
2004 The response regulator 2 mediates ethylene signalling and hormone signal integration in Arabidopsis.
86  etoricoxib
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
DRT (1 time)
2011 Development and validation of UV-Visible spectrophotometric baseline manipulation methodology for simultaneous analysis of drotraverine and etoricoxib in pharmaceutical dosage forms.
87  ETRmax
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Blue-RAT (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
2013 Photosynthetic electron transport in an anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium Afifella (Rhodopseudomonas) marina measured using PAM fluorometry.
88  ETRmax, alpha
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Effects of eutrophic seawater and temperature on the physiology and morphology of Hypnea musciformis J. V. Lamouroux (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta).
89  European Training Requirements
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
UEMS (1 time)
2016 [Graduate Medical Education in intensive care medicine - How can the European concept be integrated in Germany?].
90  eustachian tube rehabilitation
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
OME (1 time)
2012 Alternative treatment for otitis media with effusion: eustachian tube rehabilitation.
91  euthyroid rats
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
FEN (1 time)
HTR (1 time)
2003 Effect of brain serotoninergic stimulation on sodium appetite of euthyroid and hypothyroid rats.
92  evaluating treatment response
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BSTS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2009 Impact of PET and CT in PET/CT studies for staging and evaluating treatment response in bone and soft tissue sarcomas.
93  exaggerated trauma response
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2006 Exaggeration of tissue trauma induces signs and symptoms of acute CRPS I, however displays distinct differences to experimental CRPS II.
94  Exclusive Threshold Reduction
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
OETR (1 time)
2017 Classification of Fixed Point Network Dynamics from Multiple Node Timeseries Data.
95  exercise-tumor-rest
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ETE (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
RTE (1 time)
2014 The effect of exercise training on the level of tissue IL-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor in breast cancer bearing mice.
96  experiences, trajectories, and reifications
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2017 Exploring the role of classroom-based learning in professional identity formation of family practice residents using the experiences, trajectories, and reifications framework.
97  Expiratory total nasal airway resistance
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
NENAR (1 time)
1996 The diving reflex in non-eosinophilic non-allergic rhinitis.
98  extensor thrust response
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
1997 Quantification of the hindlimb extensor thrust response in rats.
99  extra tear resistant
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
S-P (1 time)
1992 In vitro evaluation of new design lead anchoring sleeves.
100  extract of T. reidioides
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MAPKs (1 time)
2017 Regulatory effects and molecular mechanism of Trigonostemonreidioides on lipopolysaccharide‑induced inflammatory responses in RAW264.7 cells.