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Abbreviation: EU
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
European Union
(3278 times)
Environmental Health
(457 times)
US (96 times)
WHO (96 times)
EEA (61 times)
1994 European Medicines Evaluation Agency and the new licensing arrangements.
endotoxin units
(150 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
LPS (29 times)
LAL (21 times)
CFU (11 times)
1985 Comparison of several control standard endotoxins to the National Reference Standard Endotoxin--an HIMA collaborative study.
European
(97 times)
Virology
(14 times)
NA (27 times)
PRRSV (15 times)
PVY (4 times)
1992 Biochemical variability of venoms from individual European and Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera).
ELISA units
(66 times)
Communicable Diseases
(15 times)
ELISA (18 times)
PT (7 times)
IgG (6 times)
1986 Serum IgA and IgG antibodies to Treponema vincentii and Treponema denticola in adult periodontitis, juvenile periodontitis and periodontally healthy subjects.
Europe
(49 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
NA (22 times)
LA (12 times)
US (7 times)
1999 Efficiency measurement of health care: a review of non-parametric methods and applications.
exposed uninfected
(35 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(10 times)
HIV (7 times)
HC (4 times)
HCV (4 times)
1997 Antigen-driven C-C chemokine-mediated HIV-1 suppression by CD4(+) T cells from exposed uninfected individuals expressing the wild-type CCR-5 allele.
euthyroid
(29 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
Hy (6 times)
Hypo (6 times)
HR (4 times)
1970 Effect of alterations in the thyroid state on the intrinsic contractile properties of isolated rat skeletal muscle.
excretory urography
(29 times)
Radiology
(14 times)
US (8 times)
CT (6 times)
MRU (4 times)
1985 Voiding cystourethrography: the initial radiologic study in children with urinary tract infection.
euhydrated
(25 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
HY (9 times)
HR (5 times)
SON (4 times)
1993 Fluid restriction prior to cycle exercise: effects on plasma volume and plasma proteins.
10  expected utility
(21 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
RDU (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
PDS (2 times)
1999 Patient decision support intervention: increased consistency with decision analytic models.
11  5-ethynyluridine
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
EdU (3 times)
BrU (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2008 Exploring RNA transcription and turnover in vivo by using click chemistry.
12  non-European Union
(17 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
ATC (2 times)
AMC (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
2000 Sociodemographic determinants of perceived influences on food choice in a nationally representative sample of Irish adults.
13  emergency unit
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
DCC (2 times)
AoC (1 time)
APC (1 time)
1991 Patient with borderline personality disorder and intellectual impairment. Case report.
14  eugenol
(16 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
CA (3 times)
DCs (2 times)
DNCB (2 times)
2000 The expression of surface markers on dendritic cells as indicators for the sensitizing potential of chemicals.
15  enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay units
(14 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
DTaP (3 times)
FHA (3 times)
PT (3 times)
1991 A comparative trial of the reactogenicity and immunogenicity of Takeda acellular pertussis vaccine combined with tetanus and diphtheria toxoids. Outcome in 3- to 8-month-old infants, 9- to 23-month-old infants and children, and 24- to 30-month-old children.
16  experimental uveitis
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BSA (2 times)
CU (2 times)
DDGS (2 times)
1984 Neutralization of interferon by antibody: appraisals of methods of determining and expressing the neutralization titer.
17  evaluation units
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(7 times)
LF (6 times)
MDA (5 times)
TAS (5 times)
2013 An evaluability assessment of a West Africa based Non-Governmental Organization's (NGO) progressive evaluation strategy.
18  re-evaluated under Commission Regulation
(11 times)
Food Safety
(11 times)
ADI (8 times)
BW (4 times)
SCF (3 times)
2017 Re-evaluation of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids (E471) as food additives.
19  endometrium
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
EC (7 times)
CE (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
2006 [Expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 mRNA in endometriosis].
20  euhydration
(10 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HH (2 times)
HY (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
1991 Hypohydration does not impair skeletal muscle glycogen resynthesis after exercise.
21  emotion understanding
(9 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
ToM (4 times)
CU (1 time)
FASD (1 time)
2010 Theory of mind and emotion understanding predict moral development in early childhood.
22  ethylurea
(9 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BU (3 times)
MU (3 times)
TMU (3 times)
1981 Alterations in the reproductive performance of habrobracon females following combined treatments with ethylurea and sodium nitrate or nitrite.
23  enzyme units
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1985 The serum capacity to solubilize immune complexes (ICSC) measured by an enzyme-anti-enzyme complex probe.
24  eumenorrheic
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AM (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
BITE (1 time)
1986 Nutritional intakes and status of highly trained amenorrheic and eumenorrheic women runners.
25  Eucommia ulmoides Oliver
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CHMs (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
EUE (1 time)
2013 Seasonal difference in antioxidant capacity and active compounds contents of Eucommia ulmoides oliver leaf.
26  European Regulation
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
LCP (1 time)
MCR-ALS (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
2013 [The European approaches to the microbiological food safety assessment].
27  ectopic ureters
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
eEU (1 time)
EMD (1 time)
2008 Spectrum of ectopic ureters in children.
28  eucaloric
(6 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
OP (5 times)
OR (4 times)
OF (3 times)
2010 Free fatty acid-induced hepatic insulin resistance is attenuated following lifestyle intervention in obese individuals with impaired glucose tolerance.
29  European Commission Regulation
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CI (1 time)
EFSA (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
2012 Determination of lasalocid residues in the tissues of broiler chickens by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
30  enterovirus uveitis
(5 times)
Virology
(5 times)
EV (1 time)
EV 19 (1 time)
EV11 (1 time)
2002 Phylogenetic and serological characterization of echovirus 11 and echovirus 19 strains causing uveitis.
31  equivalent units
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
iELISA (1 time)
1984 Evaluation of an immunoradiometric assay specific for the CK-MB isoenzyme for detection of acute myocardial infarction.
32  European Commission
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
1,3-DCP (1 time)
3-MCPD (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
2010 Migration studies of 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD) in polyethylene extrusion-coated paperboard food packaging.
33  euthyroidism
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
GD (2 times)
SH (2 times)
TC (2 times)
2006 Increased serum CXCL10 in Graves' disease or autoimmune thyroiditis is not associated with hyper- or hypothyroidism per se, but is specifically sustained by the autoimmune, inflammatory process.
34  eutrophication
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AD (5 times)
GW (4 times)
AC (3 times)
2013 Environmental life cycle assessment of Ethiopian rose cultivation.
35  explicitly unpaired
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
CI (3 times)
CTA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1999 Behavioral and neural bases of noncoincidence learning in Hermissenda.
36  5-ethyluracil
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EdU (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BMEDU (1 time)
1994 Bioavailability and pharmacokinetic parameters for 5-ethyl-2'-deoxyuridine.
37  eniluracil
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
5-FU (3 times)
LV (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2002 Randomized, open-label, phase III study of a 28-day oral regimen of eniluracil plus fluorouracil versus intravenous fluorouracil plus leucovorin as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic/advanced colorectal cancer.
38  enriched uranium
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DU (2 times)
ecac1 (1 time)
FFMPC (1 time)
2008 Enriched uranium affects the expression of vitamin D receptor and retinoid X receptor in rat kidney.
39  Eosinophilic ulcer
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2011 Eosinophilic ulcer: the role of stress-induced psychoneuroimmunologic factors.
40  euglycemia
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
Hypo (2 times)
Abeta1-42 (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1990 Substrate availability other than glucose in the brain during euglycemia and insulin-induced hypoglycemia in dogs.
41  euthyroid subjects
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
HO (2 times)
BF (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2006 Insulin action in adipose tissue and muscle in hypothyroidism.
42  exposure unit
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
AO (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2003 Selective remediation of contaminated sites using a two-level multiphase strategy and geostatistics.
43  EMI units
(3 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
1978 Computed tomography scanning for the measurement of bone mineral in the human spine.
44  endogenous uveitis
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ARN (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
ERM (1 time)
1991 [Immunological study of endogenous uveitis. I. Dynamic study of autoimmunoreaction].
45  endorectal ultrasonography
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
1990 The value of endoluminal ultrasonography and computed tomography in the staging of rectal cancer: a preliminary study.
46  energy use
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ARDL (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
CO2 (1 time)
2015 Environmental impact of replacing soybean meal with rapeseed meal in diets of finishing pigs.
47  esterase units
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1977 Urinary kallikrein in normal renin essential hypertension.
48  Eucommia ulmoides
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
RAB (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2016 Health-Promoting Properties of Eucommia ulmoides: A Review.
49  European Community
(3 times)
Mycotoxins
(1 time)
DCA (1 time)
OTA (1 time)
UK (1 time)
2003 [Ochratoxin a analyses of blood samples from workers at waste handling facilities].
50  European countries
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
ER (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2012 Prevalence and transmission of hepatitis E virus in domestic swine populations in different European countries.
51  European Union Regulation
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
MIPs (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2014 Regulation (EU) No 536/2014 on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use: an overview.
52  eutopic endometria
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
lncRNAs (2 times)
ceRNA (1 time)
DAPT (1 time)
2018 Notch-1 Signaling Activation and Progesterone Receptor Expression in Ectopic Lesions of Women With Endometriosis.
53  extrauterine
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
IU (2 times)
RF (2 times)
DPOAE (1 time)
2007 A rare case of primary lung adenocarcinoma detected by routine liquid-based cervical cytology.
54  early unclamping
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
RAPN (2 times)
CC (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2011 Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: early unclamping technique.
55  early-uptake
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ESR (2 times)
CU (1 time)
LU (1 time)
1997 Geology and preliminary dating of the hominid-bearing sedimentary fill of the Sima de los Huesos Chamber, Cueva Mayor of the Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain.
56  ectopic ureterocele
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CSR (1 time)
DRF (1 time)
HN (1 time)
2008 Ectopic ureteroceles in duplex systems: long-term follow up and 'treatment-free' status.
57  Edema of the uvula
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
--- 2010 Edema of the uvula: etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.
58  elementary unit
(2 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2003 Dynamic light scattering of native silk fibroin solution extracted from different parts of the middle division of the silk gland of the Bombyx mori silkworm.
59  emergency ultrasound
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
IQR (1 time)
rAAA (1 time)
2013 Impact of the introduction of emergency ultrasound to one large UK emergency department: the REBUS study.
60  Emory University
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CHDs (2 times)
MA (1 time)
2020 Assessing Pregnancy, Gestational Complications, and Co-morbidities in Women With Congenital Heart Defects (Data from ICD-9-CM Codes in 3 US Surveillance Sites).
61  Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia
(2 times)
Congenital Abnormalities
(1 time)
CHDs (2 times)
MA (2 times)
2018 Population-based surveillance of congenital heart defects among adolescents and adults: surveillance methodology.
62  endorectal ultrasound
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
1989 [Preoperative staging of rectal cancer: endosonography versus computerized tomography].
63  Enhancement units
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CE index (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1997 [Experiment in ultra-rapid injection of isotonic sodium chloride after injection of contrast medium: time-density analysis of the aorta and portal vein].
64  erythemal units
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ARL (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
PSI (1 time)
1992 Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation and UV doses received by patients during four-week climate therapy periods in the Canary Islands.
65  erythrocyturia
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
LU (2 times)
PU (2 times)
URS (1 time)
1985 Circadian variation of ova excretion, proteinuria, hematuria, and leukocyturia in urinary schistosomiasis.
66  esophageal ulcer
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
GER (1 time)
1995 [Endoscopic & histopathologic features of esophageal ulcers. Considerations in 13 cases].
67  established at the Commission Regulation
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2015 Influence of oxygen and long term storage on the profile of volatile compounds released from polymeric multilayer food contact materials sterilized by gamma irradiation.
68  ethylene urea
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ETU (2 times)
THPI (1 time)
2016 Phytoremediation of groundwater contaminated with pesticides using short-rotation willow crops: A case study of an apple orchard.
69  EU by Commission Implementing Regulation
(2 times)
Food Safety
(2 times)
RNQP (1 time)
2020 Pest categorisation of Liriomyza sativae.
70  eudragit
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
2011 Preparation and evaluation of mixture of eudragit and ethylcellulose microparticles loaded with ranolazine for controlled release.
71  euthanasia
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
PAS (2 times)
MDEL (1 time)
1998 [Medical decisions at the end of life: epidemiological and psychiatric aspects].
72  euthymia
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2015 Complexity index from a personalized wearable monitoring system for assessing remission in mental health.
73  euthymic unipolar
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DB (2 times)
DU (2 times)
EB (2 times)
2020 Olfactory Memory in Depression: State and Trait Differences between Bipolar and Unipolar Disorders.
74  eutrophic
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
GET (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2009 Correlation between metabolic and body composition variables in female adolescents.
75  exposed yet uninfected individuals
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LTNP (2 times)
CI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2002 [Protective immunity against HIV infection].
76  external ultrasound
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
SSL (2 times)
US (1 time)
2000 External ultrasound used in conjunction with superficial subdermal liposuction: a safe and effective technique.
77  HIV-1-exposed, uninfected individuals
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
A-SAA (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2002 Serum IgA of HIV-exposed uninfected individuals inhibit HIV through recognition of a region within the alpha-helix of gp41.
78  hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CGM (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
GIP (1 time)
2015 GIP increases adipose tissue expression and blood levels of MCP-1 in humans and links high energy diets to inflammation: a randomised trial.
79  N-phenyl-N'-(2-ethyl)ureas
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAU (1 time)
CEU (1 time)
CEUs (1 time)
2007 Alkylation potency and protein specificity of aromatic urea derivatives and bioisosteres as potential irreversible antagonists of the colchicine-binding site.
80  TERMIS-Europe
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
ATMP (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2015 Turning Regenerative Medicine Breakthrough Ideas and Innovations into Commercial Products.
81  early U
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Neanderthal skeleton from Tabun: U-series data by gamma-ray spectrometry.
82  early U uptake
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
RU (1 time)
1993 ESR dating tooth enamel from the Paleolithic site at Longola, Zambia.
83  early undernourished
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LU (1 time)
2015 Effects of gestational maternal undernutrition on growth, carcass composition and meat quality of rabbit offspring.
84  Early Untreated
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
AT (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2007 Immunophenotypic alterations in acute and early HIV infection.
85  early uranium uptake
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
LU (1 time)
OIS 2 (1 time)
2009 New geochronological, paleoclimatological, and archaeological data from the Narmada Valley hominin locality, central India.
86  Earthquake
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
OHP (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2020 Activity of Shoulder Stabilizers and Prime Movers During an Unstable Overhead Press.
87  echogenicity units
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Changes in ultrasonographic echogenicity and visibility of needles with changes in angles of insonation.
88  economic, social and supranational
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
--- 2015 Structural patterns in Swedish health policy: a 30-year perspective.
89  Education Unit
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
SL (1 time)
2012 Experience with using second life for medical education in a family and community medicine education unit.
90  educational units
(1 time)
Emergency Medical Services
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
EM-PEM (1 time)
Peds-PEM (1 time)
2019 A Roadmap for the Student Pursuing a Career in Pediatric Emergency Medicine.
91  effect on power output
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
HYPO (1 time)
2016 Ad-libitum drinking and performance during a 40-km cycling time trial in the heat.
92  Effective uptake
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2003 Availability of 99Tc in undisturbed soil cores.
93  effectively treat rheumatoid arthritis
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Methods for gene transfer to synovium.
94  efficiency of utilization
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
Bff (1 time)
Ile (1 time)
2019 Factorial models to estimate isoleucine requirements for broilers.
95  either listed in Regulation
(1 time)
Food Safety
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
SMLs (1 time)
2019 Safety assessment of the substance phosphorous acid, triphenyl ester, polymer with alpha-hydro-omega-hydroxypoly[oxy(methyl-1,2-ethanediyl)], C10-16 alkyl esters, for use in food contact materials.
96  either the upper
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
fcc (1 time)
HOH (1 time)
SWP (1 time)
2013 Synthesis of convex hexoctahedral Pt micro/nanocrystals with high-index facets and electrochemistry-mediated shape evolution.
97  Elaeagnus umbellata extract
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2020 Bioinspired morphology-controlled silver nanoparticles for antimicrobial application.
98  electron uptake
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
2019 Microbial electron uptake in microbial electrosynthesis: a mini-review.
99  electron utilization
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
SRC (1 time)
WMF (1 time)
2020 Weak magnetic field enables high selectivity of zerovalent iron toward metalloid oxyanions under aerobic conditions.
100  ELISA units/ml
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISAs (1 time)
FHA (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
2004 Establishment of diagnostic cutoff points for levels of serum antibodies to pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin, and fimbriae in adolescents and adults in the United States.