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Abbreviation: FA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fractional anisotropy
(5989 times)
Neurology
(1668 times)
DTI (3268 times)
MD (1600 times)
WM (1016 times)
1999 A direct demonstration of both structure and function in the visual system: combining diffusion tensor imaging with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
fatty acid
(4890 times)
Biochemistry
(774 times)
PUFA (371 times)
DHA (283 times)
TG (239 times)
1970 Release of phospholipid fatty acid from human erythrocytes.
folic acid
(2882 times)
Environmental Health
(381 times)
HA (240 times)
5-FU (211 times)
DOX (158 times)
1964 FOLIC ACID METABOLISM IN ANTIFOLIC-RESISTANT MUTANTS OF STREPTOCOCCUS FAECALIS.
Fanconi anemia
(1991 times)
Hematology
(397 times)
MMC (172 times)
ICLs (107 times)
HR (76 times)
1972 [Chromosome changes in Fanconi's anemia (FA) and clinical course of the disease (familial constitutional panmyelopathy)].
fluorescein angiography
(1386 times)
Ophthalmology
(973 times)
OCT (452 times)
CNV (288 times)
ICGA (252 times)
0 Combination of Intravitreal Corticosteroid with Anti-vegf in Macular Edema Secondary to Retinal Vein Occlusion.
ferulic acid
(729 times)
Biochemistry
(123 times)
CA (81 times)
PCA (53 times)
ROS (31 times)
1982 Anti-inflammatory and irritant activities of curcumin analogues in rats.
formaldehyde
(550 times)
Toxicology
(132 times)
MDA (38 times)
GA (23 times)
MN (23 times)
1975 Effects of fixation and postfixation treatments on volume of injured cells;.
factor analysis
(396 times)
Environmental Health
(108 times)
PCA (73 times)
CA (32 times)
DA (16 times)
1982 [Factor analysis, a measure of interrater reliability in single cases. Application to the AMDP Psychopathology Scale].
food allergy
(348 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(166 times)
AD (50 times)
AR (16 times)
OVA (13 times)
1984 Epidemiology, incidence and clinical aspects of food allergy.
10  fluctuating asymmetry
(331 times)
Biology
(122 times)
DA (26 times)
DI (16 times)
DS (5 times)
1985 Directional selection and developmental stability: evidence from fluctuating asymmetry of morphometric characters in rats.
11  fly ash
(304 times)
Environmental Health
(196 times)
XRD (27 times)
SEM (22 times)
BA (21 times)
1984 Pathogenicity of inhaled nickel compounds in hamsters.
12  Friedreich's ataxia
(287 times)
Neurology
(126 times)
OPCA (17 times)
FXN (14 times)
EOCA (13 times)
1975 Friedreich's ataxia in Western Norway.
13  focal adhesion
(277 times)
Cell Biology
(84 times)
FAK (46 times)
ECM (30 times)
EC (12 times)
1982 Immunoelectron microscopic studies of the sites of cell-substratum and cell-cell contacts in cultured fibroblasts.
14  filtered air
(252 times)
Toxicology
(109 times)
PM (35 times)
DE (29 times)
BALF (16 times)
1975 Man's physiologic response to long-term work during thermal and pollutant stress.
15  fluorescent antibody
(238 times)
Microbiology
(69 times)
CF (10 times)
ELISA (8 times)
RT-PCR (7 times)
1961 Preserved cercariae in the fluorescent antibody (FA) test for schistosomiasis.
16  fumaric acid
(223 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
EF-G (13 times)
MRSA (10 times)
SA (8 times)
1977 The effect of psychotropic drugs on the TSH-response to thyroliberin (TRH).
17  follicular adenoma
(183 times)
Pathology
(55 times)
PTC (68 times)
FTC (46 times)
FC (43 times)
1975 Defective thyroglobulin endocytosis and hydrolysis in thyroid cold nodules.
18  femoral artery
(182 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
FV (24 times)
CA (14 times)
RA (14 times)
1975 Cardiac effect of diuretic drugs.
19  folate
(153 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
NPs (23 times)
DOX (20 times)
Fr (20 times)
1981 [Iron, folate and vitamin B12 in maternal blood and breast milk (author's transl)].
20  flip angle
(152 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(76 times)
SNR (22 times)
TR (20 times)
TE (19 times)
1991 [Fast MR imaging of liver metastasis using FLASH and FISP--optimal sequences for T1- and T2*-weighted images].
21  free ammonia
(131 times)
Environmental Health
(71 times)
NOB (41 times)
AOB (40 times)
FNA (34 times)
2003 Nitrogen removal via nitrite at normal temperature in A/O process.
22  fibroadenoma
(107 times)
Pathology
(31 times)
PT (24 times)
IDC (17 times)
DCIS (11 times)
1979 Synergism of diethylstilbestrol and radiation in mammary carcinogenesis in female F344 rats.
23  fluocinolone acetonide
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
GR (12 times)
TPA (10 times)
IOP (9 times)
1976 [Comparative studies in man on the percutaneous absorption of diflucortolone valerate, betamethasone-17-valerate, beclomethasone dipropionate and fluocinolone acetonide].
24  fluorescence anisotropy
(86 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(29 times)
GO (9 times)
TMR (9 times)
LOD (6 times)
1988 Structural fluctuations of a helical polypeptide traversing a lipid bilayer.
25  food addiction
(86 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(29 times)
YFAS (23 times)
BMI (14 times)
BED (9 times)
2013 Exploration of "food addiction" in overweight and obese treatment-seeking adults.
26  formamidinium
(67 times)
Chemistry
(31 times)
MA (41 times)
PSCs (11 times)
Cs (7 times)
2014 One-step, solution-processed formamidinium lead trihalide (FAPbI(3-x)Cl(x)) for mesoscopic perovskite-polymer solar cells.
27  fluorapatite
(66 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(27 times)
HA (41 times)
FHA (11 times)
XRD (8 times)
1979 Differential adsorption and chemical affinities of proteins for apatitic surfaces.
28  Freund's adjuvant
(54 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
alum (4 times)
ID (3 times)
KLH (3 times)
1977 Effect of beta-adrenergic blockade, pertussis vaccine and Freund's adjuvant on reaginic antibody response in mice.
29  functional analysis
(51 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(33 times)
FCT (4 times)
IISCA (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
2003 New modules for PCR-based gene targeting in Candida albicans: rapid and efficient gene targeting using 100 bp of flanking homology region.
30  formamide
(48 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
DMF (18 times)
NMF (7 times)
EG (6 times)
1984 [Intraglobular electrostatic field of an enzyme. Calculation of the dissociation constant of a protein ionogenic group. Dissociation of Asp-102 chymotrypsin].
31  fibrinolytic activity
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
ELT (4 times)
tPA (4 times)
PA (3 times)
1978 Fibrinolytic activity in blood and cerebrospinal fluid in subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured intracranial saccular aneurysm before and during EACA treatment.
32  furfuryl alcohol
(38 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
PFA (8 times)
EC (3 times)
TEOS (2 times)
2005 Thermoset phenolic matrices reinforced with unmodified and surface-grafted furfuryl alcohol sugar cane bagasse and curaua fibers: properties of fibers and composites.
33  farnesoic acid
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MF (23 times)
JH (11 times)
CA (10 times)
1986 Farnesoic acid and allatotropin stimulation in relation to locust allatal maturation.
34  false alarm
(36 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
CR (7 times)
TA (4 times)
ERP (3 times)
1975 The effect of signal probability, food intake, sex, and smoking on gustation, as measured by the theory of signal detection.
35  fructosamine
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
1,5-AG (8 times)
GA (8 times)
HbA1c (6 times)
1989 The relative value of glycated albumin, hemoglobin A1c and fructosamine when screening for diabetes mellitus.
36  fenofibric acid
(32 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
TG (5 times)
FF (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1993 Studies on the in vitro reactivity of clofibryl and fenofibryl glucuronides. Evidence for protein binding via a Schiff's base mechanism.
37  focused attention
(32 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
OM (13 times)
ALE (2 times)
ANT (2 times)
1991 Effects of crossmodal divided attention on late ERP components. II. Error processing in choice reaction tasks.
38  fraction
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DTI (4 times)
AD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1980 Surface antigenic determinant of epimastigote forms common to trypomastigote and amastigote forms of different strains of Trypanosoma cruzi.
39  fibrosing alveolitis
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
SSc (7 times)
BAL (5 times)
BALF (5 times)
1977 alpha 1-antitrypsin phenotypes in fibrosing alveolitis and rheumatoid arthritis.
40  fluoroacetate
(25 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FC (5 times)
MSO (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1983 Effect of fluoroacetate on the physiological distal drift of rat molar.
41  functional ability
(24 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ADL (4 times)
EF (3 times)
NF (3 times)
1988 Effect of myasthenic patient sera on the number and distribution of acetylcholine receptors in muscle and nerve-muscle cultures from rat. Correlations with clinical state.
42  femoral
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BA (8 times)
CCA (6 times)
CA (5 times)
1978 Direct effect of physiological doses of arginine vasopressin on the arterial wall in vivo.
43  fear-avoidance
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
FACS (3 times)
CLBP (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
2006 The fear-avoidance model of chronic pain: validation and age analysis using structural equation modeling.
44  flufenamic acid
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
NA (2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
2dG (1 time)
1977 [Studies of sulfhemoglobin formation by various drugs (3) (author's transl)].
45  fluoranthene
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
PAHs (6 times)
1-MPA (3 times)
AZ (2 times)
1986 Microsomal activation of fluoranthene to mutagenic metabolites.
46  femoral anteversion
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
CT (5 times)
RPD (3 times)
TT (3 times)
1991 [Femoral anteversion in upper femoral epiphysiolysis in adolescents. Apropos of 25 cases].
47  firefly algorithm
(21 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
GA (5 times)
PSO (5 times)
DE (3 times)
2013 An effective hybrid firefly algorithm with harmony search for global numerical optimization.
48  fast adapting
(20 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
SA (16 times)
HRP (3 times)
IR (2 times)
1989 Physiological and morphological characteristics of periodontal mesencephalic trigeminal neurons in the cat--intra-axonal staining with HRP.
49  femoral access
(17 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
RA (14 times)
OR (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2006 Randomized comparison of operator radiation exposure during coronary angiography and intervention by radial or femoral approach.
50  fludarabine
(17 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
CLL (9 times)
CR (3 times)
PNAs (3 times)
2003 Purine nucleoside analogues in the treatment of myleoid leukemias.
51  full attention
(17 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
DA (16 times)
PLS (2 times)
ABE (1 time)
2000 The effect of divided attention on encoding and retrieval in episodic memory revealed by positron emission tomography.
52  family accommodation
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
OCD (12 times)
FAS-SR (3 times)
FAS-IR (2 times)
2011 L∞-gain adaptive fuzzy fault accommodation control design for nonlinear time-delay systems.
53  first aid
(15 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
CPR (2 times)
ATR (1 time)
BLS (1 time)
2005 FirstAid knowledge among industry workers in Greece.
54  forearm
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
FN (6 times)
LS (6 times)
BMD (4 times)
1991 The independent effect of ketone bodies on forearm glucose metabolism in normal man.
55  facial artery
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
STA (2 times)
ch (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
1986 Uterine prostaglandin and blood flow responses to estradiol-17 beta in cyclic cattle.
56  fat area
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
BMI (4 times)
FM (3 times)
MA (3 times)
1986 Physiologic increase and tracking of blood pressure in schoolchildren.
57  flurbiprofen axetil
(13 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
VAS (5 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
6-K-PGF1alpha (1 time)
2008 Intravenous flurbiprofen axetil accelerates restoration of bowel function after colorectal surgery.
58  functional avoidance
(13 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
CaR (7 times)
OGM (3 times)
CaRFAX (2 times)
1989 Functional orthopedic magnetic appliance (FOMA) II--modus operandi.
59  fatal asthma
(12 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
NFA (4 times)
NAC (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1996 Fatal asthma.
60  feeding artery
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DV (5 times)
GMP (2 times)
MV (2 times)
2000 Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: cerebral ischemia and neurologic manifestations.
61  fibrillation
(12 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
SR (3 times)
TEE (3 times)
ECO (2 times)
1987 [Reduction of auricular fibrillation and tachycardia using intravenous flecainide].
62  fluid accumulation
(12 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
SAM (2 times)
CT (1 time)
fur (1 time)
1977 Intestinal fluid accumulation induced by oral challenge with Vibrio cholerae or cholera toxin in infant mice.
63  foraminal area
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
FH (7 times)
DH (4 times)
LLIF (3 times)
2012 Morphometric analysis of the lumbar intervertebral foramen in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis by multidetector-row computed tomography.
64  frequent attenders
(12 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
ED (4 times)
FAME (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2002 Special status consultation for frequent attenders. Who are the candidates?
65  fundus albipunctatus
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
ERG (4 times)
RPA (4 times)
FAF (2 times)
1990 Long-term follow-up of the physiologic abnormalities and fundus changes in fundus albipunctatus.
66  fractional area
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
dCT (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2001 MR-derived cerebral blood volume maps: issues regarding histological validation and assessment of tumor angiogenesis.
67  facial asymmetry
(10 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AD (1 time)
AMTOP (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of canting correction of the maxillary transverse occlusal plane and change of the lip canting in Class III two-jaw orthognathic surgery.
68  fibroatheroma
(10 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
TCFA (5 times)
IVUS (4 times)
OCT (4 times)
2009 In vivo assessment of high-risk coronary plaques at bifurcations with combined intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography.
69  Football Association
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
BRUMS (1 time)
FF (1 time)
NMT (1 time)
2007 Effects of crowd size on referee decisions: analysis of the FA Cup.
70  fraction of acetylation
(10 times)
Science
(3 times)
DP (5 times)
CHOS (3 times)
PA (3 times)
2012 Inhibition of angiogenesis by chitooligosaccharides with specific degrees of acetylation and polymerization.
71  activating factor
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
MAP-2 (1 time)
PDPK FA (1 time)
1981 Purification of glycogen synthase kinase 3 from rabbit skeletal muscle. Copurification with the activating factor (FA) of the (Mg-ATP) dependent protein phosphatase.
72  facial axis
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BSC (1 time)
Cl I (1 time)
2009 Overjet at the anterior and posterior segments: three-dimensional analysis of arch coordination.
73  folate acid
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DOX (2 times)
BiNp (1 time)
BNNPs (1 time)
2009 Cancer-cell targeting and photoacoustic therapy using carbon nanotubes as "bomb" agents.
74  formative assessment
(9 times)
Education, Medical
(2 times)
DOPS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
FGDs (1 time)
2000 The identification by physiotherapists of the physical problems resulting from a mild traumatic brain injury.
75  fractional absorption
(9 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BCS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
1989 One-day test using stable isotopes to measure true fractional calcium absorption.
76  fatigue
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
EF (3 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
2007 "Between Men": a psychosocial rehabilitation programme for men with prostate cancer.
77  Fatty Acids
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GL (1 time)
GP (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1998 [Spanish contribution to the creation of a European analytical database of trans-fatty acids].
78  feed additive
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AB (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2012 Effects of feeding a multivalent polyclonal antibody preparation on feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, rumenitis, and blood gas profile in Bos indicus biotype yearling bulls.
79  flight attendants
(8 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
MM (2 times)
Airline A (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1982 A health profile of American flight attendants (FA).
80  flocculation ability
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
FTIR (4 times)
EPS (3 times)
COD (2 times)
2003 The influence of key chemical constituents in activated sludge on surface and flocculating properties.
81  formycin A
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PNP (4 times)
FB (2 times)
FRET (2 times)
1992 Formycins A and B and some analogues: selective inhibitors of bacterial (Escherichia coli) purine nucleoside phosphorylase.
82  Fourier analysis
(8 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FADS (3 times)
HT2 (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1984 Factor analysis in gated cardiac studies.
83  FALSIFLORA
(7 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AN (2 times)
LFY (2 times)
sft (2 times)
1999 FALSIFLORA, the tomato orthologue of FLORICAULA and LEAFY, controls flowering time and floral meristem identity.
84  fast activity
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DEE (1 time)
ECSz (1 time)
EDE (1 time)
2011 Fast activity during EEG seizures in neonates.
85  feed arteries
(7 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ROV (2 times)
alpha1-AR (1 time)
Cav2 (1 time)
2000 Attenuation of vasodilatation with skeletal muscle fatigue in hamster retractor.
86  ferulate
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
pCA (3 times)
CA (1 time)
CHCA (1 time)
2007 Characterization of arabinoxylan-dehydrogenation polymer (synthetic lignin polymer) nanoparticles.
87  fetal asphyxia
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GFAP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
SPA (2 times)
1998 [The prevalence and characteristics of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. A multicenter study. The Study Group of the Societa Italiana di Cardiologia Pediatrica (SICP)].
88  flow analysis
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
AOX (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
2002 Flow analysis-hydride generation-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. A new analytical technique for the simultaneous determination of antimony, arsenic and tin.
89  fluctuating
(7 times)
Anthropology
(3 times)
DA (7 times)
CL (1 time)
Div (1 time)
1997 The lack of mutational variance for fluctuating and directional asymmetry in Drosophila melanogaster.
90  follicular area
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
CALT (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1985 [Monitoring of follicles by ultrasonography during induction with HMG-HCG treatment--especially on the prevention of side effects].
91  formalin
(7 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BPL (2 times)
CTLs (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
1989 Formalin inactivated Junin virus: immunogenicity and protection assays.
92  fractional anisotropy index
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DTI (4 times)
ADC (2 times)
WM (2 times)
2004 Corticospinal tract degeneration and possible pathogenesis in ALS evaluated by MR diffusion tensor imaging.
93  fully-automated
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SA (3 times)
AoA (1 time)
BPF (1 time)
2001 A constitutively active form of the protein kinase p90Rsk1 is sufficient to trigger the G2/M transition in Xenopus oocytes.
94  false aneurysm
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ALC (1 time)
CDGC (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
1997 [Post-interventional pseudoaneurysm: technique, status and indications of color Doppler-controlled compression treatment].
95  fatty alcohol
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AE (3 times)
CMG (1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2002 Effects of long-chain fatty alcohol on peripheral nerve conduction and bladder function in diabetic rats.
96  fatty atrophy
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
THA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2005 Prevalence of, evolution of, and risk factors for fat atrophy and fat deposition in a cohort of HIV-infected men and women.
97  fenoxaprop
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
FE (6 times)
CDHB (5 times)
EHPP (3 times)
2007 Evolution of toxicity upon hydrolysis of fenoxaprop-p-ethyl.
98  fertilization antigen
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ACB (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1998 Recombinant fertilization antigen-1 causes a contraceptive effect in actively immunized mice.
99  fetal aorta
(6 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
UV (3 times)
FHR (2 times)
UA (2 times)
1977 The effect of umbilical vein occlusion on fetal oxygenation, cardiovascular parameters, and fetal electroencephalogram.
100  fiber activity
(6 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
OVA (2 times)
TRPV1 (2 times)
BK (1 time)
2005 Hyperthermia increases sensitivity of pulmonary C-fibre afferents in rats.