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Abbreviation: FD
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Long forms: 772

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
functional dyspepsia
(1203 times)
Gastroenterology
(617 times)
IBS (183 times)
PDS (99 times)
EPS (80 times)
1989 Drug treatment of functional dyspepsia. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials.
Fabry disease
(720 times)
Medicine
(94 times)
ERT (116 times)
alpha-Gal A (81 times)
GLA (72 times)
1977 Clinical, histopathological, and biochemical findings in Fabry's disease. A case report and family study.
fractal dimension
(549 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(57 times)
OCTA (38 times)
EEG (27 times)
VD (25 times)
1993 Fractal dimension of heart rate and blood pressure in healthy subjects and in diabetic subjects.
fibrous dysplasia
(373 times)
Dentistry
(56 times)
MAS (47 times)
CT (22 times)
OF (17 times)
1980 [Fibrous dysplasia of the maxillofacial bones of adults].
familial dysautonomia
(211 times)
Neurology
(53 times)
IKAP (18 times)
BP (7 times)
IKBKAP (7 times)
1978 Quantitative studies of ciliary and sphenopalatine ganglia in familial dysautonomia.
flavor dilution
(167 times)
Chemistry
(127 times)
AEDA (92 times)
OAVs (36 times)
GC-O (32 times)
1999 Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
freeze-drying
(153 times)
Chemistry
(30 times)
SD (30 times)
AD (17 times)
VD (14 times)
1978 Morphological changes in isolated lymphocytes during preparation for SEM: freeze drying versus critical-point drying.
food deprivation
(111 times)
Ophthalmology
(32 times)
NPY (13 times)
AL (10 times)
FDM (10 times)
1975 Effect of maternal malnutrition on surface activity of fetal lungs in rats.
flow diverter
(97 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
DSA (9 times)
ICA (8 times)
CFD (7 times)
2010 Assessment of angiographic outcomes after flow diversion treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a new grading schema.
10  frequency domain
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
TD (23 times)
CW (11 times)
HRV (10 times)
1999 On the ultrasonic attenuation and its frequency dependence in the os calcis assessed with a multielement receiver.
11  fiber density
(82 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
FC (23 times)
SFEMG (12 times)
DTI (11 times)
1982 Macroelectromyography in reinnervation.
12  freeze-dried
(75 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
OD (9 times)
SD (6 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Proceedings: Effects of aggregating agents, cytochalasin B (CB) and neuraminidase (N) on the ultrastructure of freeze dried (FD) human blood platelets.
13  functional diversity
(73 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
PD (15 times)
CWM (11 times)
TD (7 times)
2002 Extinction and the loss of functional diversity.
14  fluorescence detection
(63 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(26 times)
HPLC (25 times)
LC (8 times)
MS (8 times)
1986 Further survey on the Fusarium mycotoxins in Korean cereals.
15  finite difference
(58 times)
Biophysics
(11 times)
FE (9 times)
CT (2 times)
FDTD (2 times)
1993 Semi-automatic computer construction of three-dimensional shapes for the finite element method.
16  faculty development
(46 times)
Education
(23 times)
ACGME (2 times)
CCERR (2 times)
EPAs (2 times)
2000 Evaluating faculty development outcomes by using curriculum vitae analysis.
17  folate deficiency
(43 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
HCC (4 times)
FS (3 times)
MVC (3 times)
1988 Thiamin absorption is not compromised in folate-deficient rats.
18  fault detection
(42 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
CFD (3 times)
MC (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
1996 Effort and volume dependence of forced-deflation flow-volume relationships in intubated infants.
19  Flavescence doree
(38 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
BN (4 times)
FDp (3 times)
PGY (3 times)
1990 Immunolabeling of grapevine flavescence doree MLO in salivary glands of Euscelidius variegatus: a light and electron microscopy study.
20  food-deprived
(38 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
NPY (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
ARC (2 times)
1983 Environmental and genetic effects on food-deprivation induced stomach lesions in male rats.
21  family doctors
(36 times)
Primary Health Care
(18 times)
PC (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1993 [The competence and skills of the family physician in ophthalmology].
22  fluorescence diagnosis
(36 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
PDT (10 times)
ALA (7 times)
PpIX (5 times)
2002 Thoracoscopic fluorescence diagnosis (TFD) of pleural malignancies: experimental studies.
23  factor D
(35 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
AP (12 times)
AMD (7 times)
FB (6 times)
1995 Significant reduction of factor D and immunosuppressive complement fragment Ba by hemofiltration.
24  flow diversion
(34 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
PED (4 times)
SAC (4 times)
DSA (3 times)
2005 Flow diversion in transcranial Doppler ultrasound is associated with better improvement in patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion.
25  Folliculitis decalvans
(33 times)
Dermatology
(23 times)
LPP (10 times)
DLE (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
2008 Immunopathogenesis of folliculitis decalvans: clues in early lesions.
26  force-distance
(31 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AFM (18 times)
APD (3 times)
KPFM (2 times)
2000 Atomic force microscopy analysis of wool fibre surfaces in air and under water
27  Fourier-domain
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
OCT (24 times)
TD (8 times)
RNFL (7 times)
2003 Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography.
28  first derivative
(30 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
PLSR (10 times)
SNV (10 times)
MSC (9 times)
1998 A new method to detect crackles in respiratory sounds.
29  fibrous dysplasia of bone
(29 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
MAS (10 times)
PP (3 times)
ADHR (2 times)
1997 Long-term effects of intravenous pamidronate in fibrous dysplasia of bone.
30  fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
EP (2 times)
MGO (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1978 Fluorescence probe measurement of the intralysosomal pH in living cells and the perturbation of pH by various agents.
31  familial dysbetalipoproteinemia
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
APOE (7 times)
VLDL (7 times)
apo (4 times)
1989 Apolipoprotein E*3-Leiden allele results from a partial gene duplication in exon 4.
32  fascia dentata
(27 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
GV (3 times)
HS (3 times)
IML (3 times)
1981 Differential effects of enkephalin within hippocampal areas.
33  field desorption
(27 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
FAB (8 times)
EI (4 times)
ESI (4 times)
1976 Uses of field desorption mass spectrometry in the pharmaceutical industry.
34  fixed-dose
(26 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
MMF (4 times)
WB (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
1987 Dose response studies of gentamicin nephrotoxicity in rats with experimental renal dysfunction. III. Effects of dosage adjustment method.
35  food diary
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
FFQ (15 times)
CG (2 times)
PFQ (2 times)
1993 Energy balance in highly trained female endurance runners.
36  factitious disorder
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
CLS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1987 [Cutaneous artefacts--possibilities for treatment and their limits].
37  field dependent
(24 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
FI (19 times)
FDI (5 times)
EFT (2 times)
1979 Field dependence and extraversion neuroticism on an inpatient psychiatric service.
38  full-dose
(24 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
FBP (7 times)
RD (7 times)
CT (6 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
39  fiber diameter
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CFW (5 times)
SL (5 times)
CF (3 times)
1990 Correlation of sensory electroneurographic recordings and myelinated fiber diameters of the superficial peroneal nerve of dogs.
40  fixation disparity
(23 times)
Optometry
(15 times)
FDC (3 times)
BI (2 times)
BO (2 times)
1983 Fusion lock diameter and the forced vergence fixation disparity curve.
41  flow density
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
OCTA (7 times)
DCP (4 times)
FAZ (4 times)
2007 Sap flow estimates of stand transpiration at two slope positions in a Japanese cedar forest watershed.
42  fluorescein-dextran
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ATPase (1 time)
BCECF (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
1982 Protein-dependent lipid lateral phase separation as a mechanism of human erythrocyte ghost resealing.
43  full-duplex
(21 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(19 times)
DF (6 times)
SI (6 times)
HD (5 times)
2016 Beamforming Based Full-Duplex for Millimeter-Wave Communication.
44  functional divergence
(21 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ID (2 times)
NIHSS (2 times)
aa-tRNA (1 time)
2002 Randomized multicenter comparison of two coatings of intramobile cylinder implants in 313 partially edentulous mandibles followed up for 5 years.
45  fractionated dose
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SD (4 times)
AUC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1985 Response of rat brain tissue for the extraction of 125I antipyrine after single and fractionated roentgen ray doses. A comparison of fractionation models applied to the central nervous system.
46  functional diarrhea
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
IBS (10 times)
FC (7 times)
IBS-D (5 times)
2002 Distal colonic motor activity in four subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
47  6-fluoro-L-dopa
(18 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
PET (11 times)
PD (8 times)
IP (3 times)
1992 Routine determination of [18F]-L-6-fluorodopa and its metabolites in blood plasma is essential for accurate positron emission tomography studies.
48  fetal death
(18 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
AI (2 times)
GA (2 times)
LB (2 times)
1985 Germ-cell mutagenesis and GSH depression in reproductive tissue of the F-344 rat induced by ethyl methanesulfonate.
49  fetal distress
(18 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
CS (4 times)
FHR (3 times)
FGR (2 times)
1984 [A study on the correlation between automated fetal heart rate analysis and changes in umbilical cord arterial blood].
50  flow deficit
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
CC (16 times)
OCTA (9 times)
SS-OCTA (4 times)
2019 Quantifying choriocapillaris flow deficits using global and localized thresholding methods: a correlation study.
51  frequency discrimination
(17 times)
Audiology
(8 times)
SLI (5 times)
FM (3 times)
3I2AFC (1 time)
2001 Novel interferometric frequency discriminators for low noise microwave applications.
52  frequency-doubling
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
FDT (2 times)
HFA (2 times)
MD (2 times)
1999 Testing for glaucoma with the frequency-doubling illusion in the whole, macular and eccentric visual fields.
53  Fearless Dominance
(16 times)
Personality Disorders
(7 times)
SCI (12 times)
PPI (7 times)
CH (2 times)
2009 Assessment of Fearless Dominance and Impulsive Antisociality via normal personality measures: convergent validity, criterion validity, and developmental change.
54  Federal District
(16 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
FHS (2 times)
Bcc (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2005 [Effects on hearing due to the occupational noise exposure of marble industry workers in the Federal District, Brazil].
55  FITC-dextran
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CLSFM (1 time)
1987 Apparent endocytosis of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated dextran by Saccharomyces cerevisiae reflects uptake of low molecular weight impurities, not dextran.
56  functional decline
(16 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
ED (4 times)
ADL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Elderly patients with cognitive impairment have a high risk for functional decline during hospitalization: The GIFA Study.
57  fatty degeneration
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
MRI (3 times)
CTA (2 times)
ACDF (1 time)
2003 Does football cause an increase in degenerative disease of the lumbar spine?
58  forced desynchrony
(15 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
PVT (3 times)
ADD (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1999 Intrinsic circadian period of adolescent humans measured in conditions of forced desynchrony.
59  Fourier decomposition
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(12 times)
bSSFP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
DCE (3 times)
2011 Pulmonary functional imaging: qualitative comparison of Fourier decomposition MR imaging with SPECT/CT in porcine lung.
60  functional disability
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
NICUs (2 times)
2005 Qualitative profiles of disability.
61  flexor digitorum
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EMG (7 times)
ED (5 times)
BIC (3 times)
2001 Effect of co-contractions on the cardiovascular response to submaximal static handgrip.
62  fluphenazine decanoate
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
FLU (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
brdt (1 time)
1981 Daytime variation in serum prolactin level in patients receiving oral and depot antipsychotic medication.
63  Fassier-Duval
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
OI (9 times)
CI (3 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Fassier-Duval femoral rodding in children with osteogenesis imperfecta receiving bisphosphonates: functional outcomes at one year.
64  flat detector
(13 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CA (2 times)
CACT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2009 Ring artifact correction for high-resolution micro CT.
65  focal disturbance
(13 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
ASQ (10 times)
ROC (4 times)
NAFLD (3 times)
2015 Beyond the alpha angle: Alternative measurements for quantifying cam-type deformities in femoroacetabular impingement.
66  follicle diameter
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
FA (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
LH (2 times)
1985 [Monitoring of follicles by ultrasonography during induction with HMG-HCG treatment--especially on the prevention of side effects].
67  factorial design
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ANN (2 times)
CCD (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
2004 Artificial neural network as an alternative to multiple regression analysis in optimizing formulation parameters of cytarabine liposomes.
68  feeding disorders
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
IA (4 times)
SFA (3 times)
FDCIR (2 times)
1992 Psychosocial concomitants of children's feeding disorders.
69  fluorescein diacetate
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BMBT (3 times)
CESs (3 times)
HLMs (3 times)
1989 Thermal stress evaluation of suspension cell cultures in winter wheat.
70  fluoride dentifrice
(12 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
PD (5 times)
FR (3 times)
APF (2 times)
1992 Fluoride concentrations in plaque, whole saliva, and ductal saliva after application of home-use topical fluorides [published eerratum appears in J Dent Res 1993 Jan;72(1):87].
71  force depression
(12 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
RFE (4 times)
FE (3 times)
rTD (3 times)
2005 Force recovery after activated shortening in whole skeletal muscle: transient and steady-state aspects of force depression.
72  flavor dilution factor
(11 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
GC-O (7 times)
AEDA (6 times)
SAFE (5 times)
2001 Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Key differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality Spanish aged red wines.
73  focal dystonia
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1995 [Pathophysiology of involuntary movements--dystonia and myoclonus from viewpoint of brain activities].
74  folic acid deficient
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
FS (2 times)
OC (2 times)
7FD (1 time)
1997 Folic acid deficiency enhances oral contraceptive-induced platelet hyperactivity.
75  foveal detachment
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
BCVA (9 times)
MF (5 times)
OCT (5 times)
2006 Vitrectomy for myopic posterior retinoschisis or foveal detachment.
76  Friedreich's disease
(11 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
EOCA (2 times)
ADCA (1 time)
BAEP (1 time)
1983 Friedreich's disease: IV. Reduced mitochondrial malic enzyme activity in heterozygotes.
77  Anderson-Fabry disease
(10 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
alpha-Gal A (2 times)
ERT (2 times)
GLA (2 times)
2007 MR Imaging in Anderson-Fabry Disease: What Are We Expected to Find?
78  feeding duration
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FF (3 times)
FI (2 times)
RFI (2 times)
2000 Glutamatergic control of food intake in pigeons: effects of central injections of glutamate, NMDA, and AMPA receptor agonists and antagonists.
79  financial development
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
EC (2 times)
FDI (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2019 An analysis between financial development, institutions, and the environment: a global view.
80  financial distress
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ESAS (4 times)
QoL (4 times)
FACT-G (3 times)
2015 Financial Distress and Its Associations With Physical and Emotional Symptoms and Quality of Life Among Advanced Cancer Patients.
81  fixation duration
(10 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FC (4 times)
BR (2 times)
TFF (2 times)
2014 GraFIX: a semiautomatic approach for parsing low- and high-quality eye-tracking data.
82  force-displacement
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
AFM (2 times)
SCFS (2 times)
CMDs (1 time)
2001 Ultrasonic indentation: a procedure for the noninvasive quantification of force-displacement properties of the lumbar spine.
83  fat distribution
(9 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
GWAS (2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
1978 Female fat distribution--a photographic and cellularity study.
84  fault diagnosis
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FTC (2 times)
BLDC (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
2013 Hybrid fault diagnosis of nonlinear systems using neural parameter estimators.
85  fenestration discectomy
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
VAS (7 times)
LDH (5 times)
ODI (5 times)
2016 Efficacy of Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System (TESSYS) Technique in Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation.
86  fluorogenic derivatization
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
MS/MS (5 times)
LC (4 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2007 A proteomics method revealing disease-related proteins in livers of hepatitis-infected mouse model.
87  freedom from distractibility
(9 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
PO (5 times)
VC (4 times)
WCST (3 times)
1982 Comparison of various WISC-R summary scores for a psychiatric sample.
88  frequency-dependent
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DD (3 times)
AP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
1988 Site of airway obstruction: effects on the acoustic impedance of excised pig lungs.
89  fall dormancy
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
GBS (2 times)
SDA (2 times)
CSB (1 time)
2011 [Study on estimation of fall dormancy in alfalfa by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and support vector machine model].
90  fat digestibility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DMR (6 times)
NR (6 times)
AME (3 times)
2008 Effects of dietary supplementation of an enzyme blend on the ileal and fecal digestibility of nutrients in growing pigs.
91  fine dust
(8 times)
Antioxidants
(3 times)
CVDs (2 times)
IL (2 times)
NF (2 times)
2018 Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh ethanol extract inhibits the fine dust inflammation response via activating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling in RAW 264.7 cells.
92  flat-panel detector
(8 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DAP (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2005 Dynamic flat panel detector versus image intensifier in cardiac imaging: dose and image quality.
93  floor dust
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ESD (5 times)
PBDEs (4 times)
AA (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the prevalence of antiwheat-, anti-flour dust, and anti-alpha-amylase specific IgE antibodies in US blood donors.
94  flow-diverting
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CFD (4 times)
EL (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
2012 Stents and flow diverters in the treatment of aneurysms: device deformation in vivo may alter porosity and impact efficacy.
95  Fourier descriptor
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ED (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
1988 Psychophysical studies of shape with Fourier descriptor stimuli.
96  framewise displacement
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
rs-fMRI (5 times)
HCs (3 times)
AD (1 time)
2015 Predicting stroop effect from spontaneous neuronal activity: a study of regional homogeneity.
97  factor-dependent
(7 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
FI (2 times)
BM (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
1983 Pool size of pluripotential hematopoietic stem cells increased in continuous bone marrow culture by Friend spleen focus-forming virus.
98  fat deposition
(7 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AS (3 times)
BME (2 times)
CW (2 times)
2003 Leptin does not respond to 48 h fat deposition or mobilization in women.
99  felodipine
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
PVP (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2004 Pharmacodynamic interactions of levosimendan and felodipine in patients with coronary heart disease.
100  final diagnosis
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FS (3 times)
EC (2 times)
FNA (2 times)
1997 Physician's working diagnosis compared to the Euricterus Real Life Data Diagnostic Tool Trial in three jaundice databases: Euricterus Dutch, independent prospective and independent retrospective.