A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : FD

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : FD
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 2 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: FD
Appearance Frequency: 5802 time(s)
Long forms: 719

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
functional dyspepsia
(1074 times)
Gastroenterology
(556 times)
IBS (160 times)
PDS (90 times)
EPS (73 times)
1989 Drug treatment of functional dyspepsia. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials.
Fabry disease
(595 times)
Medicine
(74 times)
ERT (94 times)
alpha-Gal A (68 times)
GLA (55 times)
1977 Clinical, histopathological, and biochemical findings in Fabry's disease. A case report and family study.
fractal dimension
(466 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(55 times)
OCTA (24 times)
EEG (23 times)
VD (20 times)
1993 Fractal dimension of heart rate and blood pressure in healthy subjects and in diabetic subjects.
fibrous dysplasia
(339 times)
Dentistry
(51 times)
MAS (42 times)
CT (21 times)
OF (15 times)
1980 [Fibrous dysplasia of the maxillofacial bones of adults].
familial dysautonomia
(205 times)
Neurology
(50 times)
IKAP (18 times)
BP (7 times)
IKBKAP (7 times)
1978 Quantitative studies of ciliary and sphenopalatine ganglia in familial dysautonomia.
flavor dilution
(145 times)
Chemistry
(113 times)
AEDA (80 times)
GC-O (29 times)
OAVs (28 times)
1999 Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
freeze-drying
(122 times)
Chemistry
(26 times)
SD (21 times)
AD (15 times)
VD (11 times)
1978 Morphological changes in isolated lymphocytes during preparation for SEM: freeze drying versus critical-point drying.
food deprivation
(102 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
NPY (13 times)
FDM (7 times)
PVN (6 times)
1975 Effect of maternal malnutrition on surface activity of fetal lungs in rats.
frequency domain
(77 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
TD (19 times)
CW (10 times)
HRV (9 times)
1998 [High resolution electrocardiogram in frequency domain. Use of statistical techniques of spectral correlation for identification of patients with sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia].
10  flow diverter
(76 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
CFD (8 times)
DSA (7 times)
ICA (6 times)
2011 Assessment of angiographic outcomes after flow diversion treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a new grading schema.
11  freeze-dried
(71 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
OD (8 times)
SD (6 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Proceedings: Effects of aggregating agents, cytochalasin B (CB) and neuraminidase (N) on the ultrastructure of freeze dried (FD) human blood platelets.
12  fiber density
(61 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
FC (12 times)
SFEMG (12 times)
DTI (7 times)
1982 Macroelectromyography in reinnervation.
13  functional diversity
(59 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
PD (10 times)
CWM (8 times)
TD (5 times)
2002 Extinction and the loss of functional diversity.
14  fluorescence detection
(58 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(26 times)
HPLC (23 times)
LC (8 times)
MS (8 times)
1986 Further survey on the Fusarium mycotoxins in Korean cereals.
15  finite difference
(55 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
FE (9 times)
GMR (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1993 Semi-automatic computer construction of three-dimensional shapes for the finite element method.
16  family doctors
(37 times)
Primary Health Care
(18 times)
PC (3 times)
ACE (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1993 [The competence and skills of the family physician in ophthalmology].
17  folate deficiency
(37 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
FS (3 times)
RR (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
1988 Thiamin absorption is not compromised in folate-deficient rats.
18  food-deprived
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
NPY (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
ARC (2 times)
1983 Environmental and genetic effects on food-deprivation induced stomach lesions in male rats.
19  faculty development
(35 times)
Education
(17 times)
CCERR (2 times)
EPAs (2 times)
ACGME (1 time)
2000 Evaluating faculty development outcomes by using curriculum vitae analysis.
20  fault detection
(35 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
CFD (3 times)
MC (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
1996 Effort and volume dependence of forced-deflation flow-volume relationships in intubated infants.
21  fluorescence diagnosis
(35 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
PDT (9 times)
ALA (7 times)
PpIX (5 times)
2002 Thoracoscopic fluorescence diagnosis (TFD) of pleural malignancies: experimental studies.
22  Flavescence doree
(33 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
BN (3 times)
FDp (3 times)
RFLP (3 times)
1990 Immunolabeling of grapevine flavescence doree MLO in salivary glands of Euscelidius variegatus: a light and electron microscopy study.
23  Folliculitis decalvans
(30 times)
Dermatology
(21 times)
LPP (8 times)
DLE (3 times)
AA (2 times)
2008 Immunopathogenesis of folliculitis decalvans: clues in early lesions.
24  Fourier-domain
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
OCT (24 times)
TD (8 times)
RNFL (7 times)
2003 Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography.
25  factor D
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AP (10 times)
AMD (7 times)
FB (4 times)
1995 Significant reduction of factor D and immunosuppressive complement fragment Ba by hemofiltration.
26  fibrous dysplasia of bone
(28 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
MAS (10 times)
PP (3 times)
ADHR (2 times)
1997 Long-term effects of intravenous pamidronate in fibrous dysplasia of bone.
27  field desorption
(28 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(18 times)
FAB (8 times)
EI (5 times)
FI (5 times)
1976 Uses of field desorption mass spectrometry in the pharmaceutical industry.
28  fascia dentata
(27 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
GV (3 times)
HS (3 times)
IML (3 times)
1981 Differential effects of enkephalin within hippocampal areas.
29  flow diversion
(27 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
SAC (4 times)
DSA (3 times)
MCA (3 times)
2006 Flow diversion in transcranial Doppler ultrasound is associated with better improvement in patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion.
30  familial dysbetalipoproteinemia
(26 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
APOE (7 times)
VLDL (7 times)
apo (4 times)
1989 Apolipoprotein E*3-Leiden allele results from a partial gene duplication in exon 4.
31  fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
EP (2 times)
MGO (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1978 Fluorescence probe measurement of the intralysosomal pH in living cells and the perturbation of pH by various agents.
32  force-distance
(25 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
AFM (15 times)
APD (3 times)
PVP (2 times)
2000 Atomic force microscopy analysis of wool fibre surfaces in air and under water
33  field dependent
(24 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
FI (19 times)
FDI (5 times)
EFT (2 times)
1979 Field dependence and extraversion neuroticism on an inpatient psychiatric service.
34  first derivative
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
SNV (9 times)
MSC (8 times)
PLSR (8 times)
1998 A new method to detect crackles in respiratory sounds.
35  fixed-dose
(23 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
MMF (4 times)
WB (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
1987 Dose response studies of gentamicin nephrotoxicity in rats with experimental renal dysfunction. III. Effects of dosage adjustment method.
36  food diary
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
FFQ (14 times)
CG (2 times)
PFQ (2 times)
1993 Energy balance in highly trained female endurance runners.
37  fluorescein-dextran
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ATPase (1 time)
BCECF (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
1982 Protein-dependent lipid lateral phase separation as a mechanism of human erythrocyte ghost resealing.
38  fiber diameter
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CFW (5 times)
SL (4 times)
CF (3 times)
1990 Correlation of sensory electroneurographic recordings and myelinated fiber diameters of the superficial peroneal nerve of dogs.
39  factitious disorder
(20 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
CLS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ID (1 time)
1987 [Cutaneous artefacts--possibilities for treatment and their limits].
40  fixation disparity
(20 times)
Optometry
(14 times)
FDC (3 times)
BI (2 times)
BO (2 times)
1983 Fusion lock diameter and the forced vergence fixation disparity curve.
41  full-dose
(19 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
FBP (7 times)
CT (6 times)
HD (6 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
42  functional divergence
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ID (2 times)
aa-tRNA (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2002 Randomized multicenter comparison of two coatings of intramobile cylinder implants in 313 partially edentulous mandibles followed up for 5 years.
43  6-fluoro-L-dopa
(18 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
PET (11 times)
PD (8 times)
IP (3 times)
1992 Routine determination of [18F]-L-6-fluorodopa and its metabolites in blood plasma is essential for accurate positron emission tomography studies.
44  fetal distress
(17 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
CS (4 times)
FHR (3 times)
FGR (2 times)
1984 [A study on the correlation between automated fetal heart rate analysis and changes in umbilical cord arterial blood].
45  frequency-doubling
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
FDT (2 times)
HFA (2 times)
MD (2 times)
1999 Testing for glaucoma with the frequency-doubling illusion in the whole, macular and eccentric visual fields.
46  fetal death
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
AI (2 times)
GA (2 times)
LB (2 times)
1985 Germ-cell mutagenesis and GSH depression in reproductive tissue of the F-344 rat induced by ethyl methanesulfonate.
47  FITC-dextran
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CLSFM (1 time)
1987 Apparent endocytosis of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated dextran by Saccharomyces cerevisiae reflects uptake of low molecular weight impurities, not dextran.
48  frequency discrimination
(16 times)
Audiology
(7 times)
SLI (5 times)
FM (3 times)
3I2AFC (1 time)
2001 Novel interferometric frequency discriminators for low noise microwave applications.
49  functional diarrhea
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
IBS (8 times)
FC (5 times)
IBS-D (4 times)
2002 Distal colonic motor activity in four subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
50  Fearless Dominance
(15 times)
Personality Disorders
(7 times)
SCI (12 times)
PPI (7 times)
CH (2 times)
2009 Assessment of Fearless Dominance and Impulsive Antisociality via normal personality measures: convergent validity, criterion validity, and developmental change.
51  Federal District
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
FHS (2 times)
Bcc (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2004 [Effects on hearing due to the occupational noise exposure of marble industry workers in the Federal District, Brazil].
52  forced desynchrony
(15 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
PVT (3 times)
ADD (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1999 Intrinsic circadian period of adolescent humans measured in conditions of forced desynchrony.
53  Fourier decomposition
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(12 times)
bSSFP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
DCE (3 times)
2011 Pulmonary functional imaging: qualitative comparison of Fourier decomposition MR imaging with SPECT/CT in porcine lung.
54  fluphenazine decanoate
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
FLU (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
brdt (1 time)
1981 Daytime variation in serum prolactin level in patients receiving oral and depot antipsychotic medication.
55  functional decline
(14 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
ED (4 times)
ADL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2005 Elderly patients with cognitive impairment have a high risk for functional decline during hospitalization: The GIFA Study.
56  functional disability
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
NICUs (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2004 Qualitative profiles of disability.
57  fatty degeneration
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
CTA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AHD (1 time)
2002 Does football cause an increase in degenerative disease of the lumbar spine?
58  flat detector
(13 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CA (2 times)
CACT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2009 Ring artifact correction for high-resolution micro CT.
59  full-duplex
(13 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(12 times)
DF (3 times)
HD (3 times)
SI (3 times)
2016 Beamforming Based Full-Duplex for Millimeter-Wave Communication.
60  flow density
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
OCTA (7 times)
DCP (4 times)
DR (3 times)
2015 Is the nonlipomatous component of dedifferentiated liposarcoma always soft tissue on CT? Analysis of CT densities and correlation with rate of growth in 60 patients.
61  fluoride dentifrice
(12 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
PD (5 times)
FR (3 times)
APF (2 times)
1992 Fluoride concentrations in plaque, whole saliva, and ductal saliva after application of home-use topical fluorides [published eerratum appears in J Dent Res 1993 Jan;72(1):87].
62  flexor digitorum
(11 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
EMG (5 times)
PM (3 times)
DE (2 times)
2000 Effect of co-contractions on the cardiovascular response to submaximal static handgrip.
63  focal dystonia
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1995 [Pathophysiology of involuntary movements--dystonia and myoclonus from viewpoint of brain activities].
64  follicle diameter
(11 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
FA (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
LH (2 times)
1985 [Monitoring of follicles by ultrasonography during induction with HMG-HCG treatment--especially on the prevention of side effects].
65  force depression
(11 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
RFE (4 times)
FE (3 times)
CSA (1 time)
2005 Force recovery after activated shortening in whole skeletal muscle: transient and steady-state aspects of force depression.
66  Friedreich's disease
(11 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
EOCA (2 times)
ADCA (1 time)
BAEP (1 time)
1983 Friedreich's disease: IV. Reduced mitochondrial malic enzyme activity in heterozygotes.
67  factorial design
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ANN (2 times)
CCD (2 times)
AA-DLLME (1 time)
2004 Artificial neural network as an alternative to multiple regression analysis in optimizing formulation parameters of cytarabine liposomes.
68  Fassier-Duval
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
OI (8 times)
CI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2011 Fassier-Duval femoral rodding in children with osteogenesis imperfecta receiving bisphosphonates: functional outcomes at one year.
69  flavor dilution factor
(10 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
GC-O (6 times)
AEDA (5 times)
SAFE (5 times)
2001 Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Key differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality Spanish aged red wines.
70  force-displacement
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
AFM (2 times)
SCFS (2 times)
CMDs (1 time)
2001 Ultrasonic indentation: a procedure for the noninvasive quantification of force-displacement properties of the lumbar spine.
71  foveal detachment
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
BCVA (8 times)
MF (5 times)
OCT (5 times)
2006 Vitrectomy for myopic posterior retinoschisis or foveal detachment.
72  functional demand
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
AML (1 time)
AZF (1 time)
2003 Measuring functional developmental delay in infants and young children: prevalence rates from the NHIS-D.
73  feeding disorders
(9 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
IA (3 times)
SFA (3 times)
FDCIR (2 times)
1992 Psychosocial concomitants of children's feeding disorders.
74  fluorescein diacetate
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BMBT (2 times)
CES (2 times)
CESs (2 times)
1989 Thermal stress evaluation of suspension cell cultures in winter wheat.
75  focal disturbance
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
ASQ (8 times)
HFF (2 times)
MR (2 times)
2015 Estimating steatosis and fibrosis: Comparison of acoustic structure quantification with established techniques.
76  folic acid deficient
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
FS (2 times)
OC (2 times)
7FD (1 time)
1997 Folic acid deficiency enhances oral contraceptive-induced platelet hyperactivity.
77  freedom from distractibility
(9 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
PO (5 times)
VC (4 times)
WCST (3 times)
1982 Comparison of various WISC-R summary scores for a psychiatric sample.
78  frequency-dependent
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DD (3 times)
AP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
1988 Site of airway obstruction: effects on the acoustic impedance of excised pig lungs.
79  Anderson-Fabry disease
(8 times)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(1 time)
alpha-Gal A (2 times)
ERT (2 times)
LV (2 times)
2007 MR Imaging in Anderson-Fabry Disease: What Are We Expected to Find?
80  fall dormancy
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GBS (2 times)
SDA (2 times)
CSB (1 time)
2011 [Study on estimation of fall dormancy in alfalfa by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and support vector machine model].
81  fat digestibility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DMR (6 times)
NR (6 times)
AME (3 times)
2008 Effects of dietary supplementation of an enzyme blend on the ileal and fecal digestibility of nutrients in growing pigs.
82  feeding duration
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FF (3 times)
FI (2 times)
RFI (2 times)
2000 Glutamatergic control of food intake in pigeons: effects of central injections of glutamate, NMDA, and AMPA receptor agonists and antagonists.
83  flat-panel detector
(8 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DAP (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2005 Dynamic flat panel detector versus image intensifier in cardiac imaging: dose and image quality.
84  fluorogenic derivatization
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
MS/MS (5 times)
LC (4 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2007 A proteomics method revealing disease-related proteins in livers of hepatitis-infected mouse model.
85  Fourier descriptor
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ED (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
1988 Psychophysical studies of shape with Fourier descriptor stimuli.
86  framewise displacement
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
rs-fMRI (5 times)
HCs (3 times)
AD (1 time)
2015 Predicting stroop effect from spontaneous neuronal activity: a study of regional homogeneity.
87  factor-dependent
(7 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
FI (2 times)
BM (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
1983 Pool size of pluripotential hematopoietic stem cells increased in continuous bone marrow culture by Friend spleen focus-forming virus.
88  fat deposition
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AS (3 times)
BME (2 times)
CW (2 times)
2003 Leptin does not respond to 48 h fat deposition or mobilization in women.
89  fat distribution
(7 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
1978 Female fat distribution--a photographic and cellularity study.
90  felodipine
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
PVP (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2003 Pharmacodynamic interactions of levosimendan and felodipine in patients with coronary heart disease.
91  fenestration discectomy
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
VAS (6 times)
ODI (5 times)
JOA (3 times)
2015 [A comparison of results between percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy and fenestration discectomy for lumbar disc herniation in the adolscents].
92  financial distress
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ESAS (4 times)
FACT-G (3 times)
HADS (3 times)
2015 Financial Distress and Its Associations With Physical and Emotional Symptoms and Quality of Life Among Advanced Cancer Patients.
93  floor dust
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ESD (4 times)
PBDEs (4 times)
AA (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the prevalence of antiwheat-, anti-flour dust, and anti-alpha-amylase specific IgE antibodies in US blood donors.
94  flow-diverting
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CFD (4 times)
EL (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
2013 Stents and flow diverters in the treatment of aneurysms: device deformation in vivo may alter porosity and impact efficacy.
95  force deficit
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
MVF (2 times)
BD (1 time)
DoReMi (1 time)
1998 Shortening-induced force depression in human adductor pollicis muscle.
96  fertility disorders
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MPC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AOEAC (1 time)
1990 Adaptive behavioral responses to potential infertility among survivors of testis cancer.
97  Ficus deltoidea
(6 times)
Biological Factors
(1 time)
4NQO (1 time)
DCFH-DA (1 time)
E-selectin (1 time)
2015 Analysis of L-citrulline and L-arginine in Ficus deltoidea leaf extracts by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography.
98  final diagnosis
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FNA (2 times)
BA (1 time)
BDT (1 time)
1997 Physician's working diagnosis compared to the Euricterus Real Life Data Diagnostic Tool Trial in three jaundice databases: Euricterus Dutch, independent prospective and independent retrospective.
99  fixation duration
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BR (2 times)
FC (2 times)
AOI (1 time)
2015 GraFIX: a semiautomatic approach for parsing low- and high-quality eye-tracking data.
100  flow deficits
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CC (6 times)
OCTA (3 times)
SS-OCTA (3 times)
2018 Quantifying choriocapillaris flow deficits using global and localized thresholding methods: a correlation study.