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Abbreviation: FDM
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Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fused deposition modeling
(201 times)
Pharmacology
(40 times)
PLA (29 times)
ABS (21 times)
PCL (16 times)
2001 Mechanical properties and cell cultural response of polycaprolactone scaffolds designed and fabricated via fused deposition modeling.
form-deprivation myopia
(81 times)
Ophthalmology
(56 times)
FD (8 times)
AL (7 times)
DA (6 times)
1993 Apomorphine blocks form-deprivation myopia in chickens by a dopamine D2-receptor mechanism acting in retina or pigmented epithelium.
finite difference method
(53 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(17 times)
FEM (7 times)
BEM (5 times)
EEG (5 times)
1997 Dual reciprocity boundary element method for solving thermal wave model of bioheat transfer.
filter diagonalization method
(28 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(16 times)
FT (4 times)
CT (2 times)
ICR (2 times)
1998 Application of the filter diagonalization method to one- and two-dimensional NMR spectra
frequency division multiplexing
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
TDM (3 times)
EIT (2 times)
BER (1 time)
1995 Multiplexing of Michelson interferometer sensors in a matrix array topology.
freedom from distant metastasis
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
OS (8 times)
PSADT (4 times)
CSS (3 times)
1991 A comparison of Ho's, International Union Against Cancer, and American Joint Committee stage classifications for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
fibroblast-derived matrix
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
ECM (5 times)
CDM (3 times)
CHDM (3 times)
2012 Unraveling barrier properties of three different in-house human skin equivalents.
form-deprived myopia
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
HSFs (1 time)
2004 [Effect of time limited form deprivation on the development of myopia in guinea pigs].
fetuses of diabetic mothers
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
SH (2 times)
CL (1 time)
EFW (1 time)
1986 Fluctuating asymmetry in fetuses of diabetic rhesus macaques.
10  Fredericamycin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
apo-ACPs (1 time)
AS (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
2005 Cloning, sequencing, analysis, and heterologous expression of the fredericamycin biosynthetic gene cluster from Streptomyces griseus.
11  family decision maker
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
GTEx (2 times)
CEaD (1 time)
DCC (1 time)
2001 Model predictive control using fuzzy decision functions.
12  finite difference model
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DCA (1 time)
dEEG (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2004 Analysis on the influence of tissues/organs' movements in EIT images of lung ventilation using finite difference thorax models.
13  freeze-drying microscopy
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PVP (2 times)
DSC (1 time)
oc (1 time)
2009 Freeze-dry microscopy: impact of nucleation temperature and excipient concentration on collapse temperature data.
14  factorial design method
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
BCP (2 times)
DCPD (2 times)
CDA (1 time)
1996 Macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics: influence of five synthesis parameters on compressive strength.
15  fascial distortion model
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LBP (1 time)
MTSS (1 time)
NDMG (1 time)
2014 Treatment of medial tibial stress syndrome according to the fascial distortion model: a prospective case control study.
16  Fragment Database Mining
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CDM (3 times)
MSA (1 time)
2006 A Consensus Data Mining secondary structure prediction by combining GOR V and Fragment Database Mining.
17  fused deposition manufacturing
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
LFDM (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of the growth of chondrocytes and osteoblasts seeded into precision scaffolds fabricated by fused deposition manufacturing.
18  fuzzy Delphi method
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FAHP (4 times)
CHISs (1 time)
EQA (1 time)
2012 Criteria for the evaluation of a cloud-based hospital information system outsourcing provider.
19  18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-mannose
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FDG (3 times)
1991 Estimation of local cerebral glucose utilization by positron emission tomography: comparison of [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-mannose in patients with focal brain lesions.
20  fiber density mapping
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
DTI (2 times)
WM (2 times)
CN (1 time)
2010 Fiber density mapping of gliomas: histopathologic evaluation of a diffusion-tensor imaging data processing method.
21  fluid-displacement method
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
cast (2 times)
MR (1 time)
2003 Acoustic rhinometry in dog and cat compared with a fluid-displacement method and magnetic resonance imaging.
22  focus detection method
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
IFA (1 time)
MPN (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1997 An in vitro method for detecting infectious Cryptosporidium oocysts with cell culture.
23  Fugitive Dust Model
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
COPR (2 times)
AERMOD (1 time)
ARSs (1 time)
1997 Identification of an accurate soil suspension/dispersion modeling method for use in estimating health-based soil cleanup levels of hexavalent chromium in chromite ore processing residues.
24  fused deposition modeling technique
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
MSMD (1 time)
TCP (1 time)
2015 Repairing calvarial defects with biodegradable polycaprolactone-chitosan scaffolds fabricated using the melt stretching and multilayer deposition technique.
25  2,5-furandimethanol
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HMF (2 times)
AMF (1 time)
CMF (1 time)
2015 From lignocellulosic biomass to furans via 5-acetoxymethylfurfural as an alternative to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural.
26  2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-mannose
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FDG (2 times)
1986 Metabolic pathway of 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose studied by F-19 NMR.
27  faecal dry matter
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
GTT (1 time)
sElec (1 time)
1990 Clinical signs and performance of pigs treated with different doses of carbadox, cyadox and olaquindox.
28  Family Dynamics Measure
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
FDQ (2 times)
RITQ (1 time)
1997 Relationships between demographic variables and family dynamics of childbearing families.
29  fat-in-dry matter
(2 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
WSN (2 times)
BC (1 time)
NSLAB (1 time)
2002 Effect of Enterococcus faecium on microbiological, physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Greek Feta cheese.
30  feline diabetes mellitus
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
T2DM (1 time)
2006 Feline models of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
31  field-deployable method
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
iAs (2 times)
DMA (1 time)
2017 A field deployable method for a rapid screening analysis of inorganic arsenic in seaweed.
32  fluid distribution model
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BIS (1 time)
ECV (1 time)
RCs (1 time)
1997 Effect of postural changes on the reliability of volume estimations from bioimpedance spectroscopy data.
33  formdeprivation
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LIH (1 time)
1998 [Prognosis of keratoplasty in keratitis scrophulosa peracta].
34  fornix depth measurer
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2014 Defining the limits of normal conjunctival fornix anatomy in a healthy South Asian population.
35  freeze-dried mannitol
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DPI (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2015 Dry powder inhalers: physicochemical and aerosolization properties of several size-fractions of a promising alterative carrier, freeze-dried mannitol.
36  furan-2,5-dimethanol
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
HMF (2 times)
FM (1 time)
2006 Genomic adaptation of ethanologenic yeast to biomass conversion inhibitors.
37  alpha-fluorodeoxymannose
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2000 Metabolites of 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxy-D-glucose detected by 19F magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo predict response of murine RIF-1 tumors to 5-fluorouracil.
38  fabricating an ear model by means of rapid prototyping
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 [The basic research on fabricating an ear model by means of rapid prototyping (FDM)].
39  Facilitated Dissolution Method
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SSF (1 time)
2017 Equilibrium solubility measurement of compounds with low dissolution rate by Higuchi's Facilitated Dissolution Method. A validation study.
40  facilitated-dissociation model
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CL (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
IVIVE (1 time)
2018 Extrapolation of the Hepatic Clearance of Drugs in the Absence of Albumin InVitro to That in the Presence of Albumin InVivo: Comparative Assessement of 2 Extrapolation Models Based on the Albumin-Mediated Hepatic Uptake Theory and Limitations and Mechanistic Insights.
41  factor dependent myeloid
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Cycloheximide Can Induce Bax/Bak Dependent Myeloid Cell Death Independently of Multiple BH3-Only Proteins.
42  factor of DNA methylation
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
RdDM (1 time)
2014 Expression analysis of Arabidopsis XH/XS-domain proteins indicates overlapping and distinct functions for members of this gene family.
43  Factorial Design Methodology
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HDPE (1 time)
HGO (1 time)
2015 Enhanced diesel fuel fraction from waste high-density polyethylene and heavy gas oil pyrolysis using factorial design methodology.
44  faecal DM
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
1997 Granulated polyamide as external marker to estimate total faecal excretion of grazing cattle in extensive management systems.
45  familial degenerative myelopathy
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DM (1 time)
PWC (1 time)
2007 Clinical characterization of a familial degenerative myelopathy in Pembroke Welsh Corgi dogs.
46  Familial dermatomyositis
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Ischemic dermatopathies.
47  Farley, Dzombak, and Morel
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Modeling the Effect of Temperature on Adsorption of Lead(II) and Zinc(II) onto Goethite at Constant pH
48  fat body dry mass
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CDM (1 time)
YDM (1 time)
2017 Does the oviparity-viviparity transition alter the partitioning of yolk in embryonic snakes?
49  fat depot mass
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BIS (1 time)
DO (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of electrical broad bandwidth impedance spectroscopy as a tool for body composition measurement in cows in comparison with body measurements and the deuterium oxide dilution method.
50  fat depth above the eye muscle
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HSL (2 times)
EMD (1 time)
EMW (1 time)
2014 Variation in the ovine hormone-sensitive lipase gene (HSL) and its association with growth and carcass traits in New Zealand Suffolk sheep.
51  FDM Model: a volume-based Finite Difference
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BEM (1 time)
LF (1 time)
MNI (1 time)
2010 Comparison of realistic head modeling methods in EEG source imaging - biomed 2010.
52  feather-degrading microorganisms
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
2018 Birds, feather-degrading bacteria and preen glands: the antimicrobial activity of preen gland secretions from turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) is amplified by keratinase.
53  feeding at exactly the same time as milking
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 Effect of feeding before, during and after milking on milk production and the hormones oxytocin, prolactin, gastrin and somatostatin.
54  femoral distal metaphysis
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
BV/TV (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2006 Effect of risedronate on the cortical and cancellous bone mass and mechanical properties in ovariectomized rats: a comparison with the effects of alfacalcidol.
55  fenoldopam
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2009 An evaluation of off-label fenoldopam use in the neonatal intensive care unit.
56  ferrocenedimethanol
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2017 Calibrant-Free Analyte Quantitation via a Variable Velocity Flow Cell.
57  fetal myocardial function in pregnant women with diabetic diseases
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
STE (1 time)
2018 Quantification of fetal myocardial function in pregnant women with diabetic diseases and in normal controls using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE).
58  fetuses of insulin-treated mothers
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
EPO (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2005 Erythrocyte zinc protoporphyrin is elevated with prematurity and fetal hypoxemia.
59  fetuses of mothers with diabetes mellitus
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2017 Fetal myocardial deformation in maternal diabetes mellitus and obesity.
60  fibroblast-derived extracellular matrix
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
hep-FDM (1 time)
2014 Fibroblast-derived matrix (FDM) as a novel vascular endothelial growth factor delivery platform.
61  fibrous dysplasia of the mandible
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
GFDM (1 time)
1989 Giant fibrous dysplasia of the mandible: surgical management.
62  field directionality mapping
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
ML (1 time)
NNLS (1 time)
2010 Time-varying spatial spectrum estimation with a maneuverable towed array.
63  Financial decision-making
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 The effects of normal aging on multiple aspects of financial decision-making.
64  fine dose maps
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
NPC (1 time)
OARs (1 time)
2018 A feasibility study on an automated method to generate patient-specific dose distributions for radiotherapy using deep learning.
65  fine droplet mass
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FDF (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2003 An in vitro study to investigate the use of a breath-actuated, small-volume, pneumatic nebulizer for the delivery of methacholine chloride bronchoprovocation agent.
66  first day mortality
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
IMR (1 time)
PFDM (1 time)
2016 Exploratory analysis of preventable first day mortality in Colombia.
67  first derivative method
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
GFC (1 time)
2012 Removing baseline flame's spectrum by using advanced recovering spectrum techniques.
68  first division metaphases
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
SCA (1 time)
SDM (1 time)
1981 Frequency and types of induced and spontaneous chromosome aberrations in relation to cell kinetics.
69  Fixation density maps
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Comparative study of fixation density maps.
70  flexor digiti minimi
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
2005 The vascular anatomy of the abductor digiti minimi and the flexor digiti minimi brevis muscles.
71  Flight Data Monitoring
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
FRMS (1 time)
2012 Research and guidelines for implementing Fatigue Risk Management Systems for the French regional airlines.
72  flow difference metric
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2011 FDM: a graph-based statistical method to detect differential transcription using RNA-seq data.
73  flowmediated dilatation
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
CHDPH (1 time)
2016 Sildenafil improves the function of endothelial cells in patients suffering from congenital heart disease with pulmonary hypertension.
74  fluid drainage model
(1 time)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
TEC (1 time)
2018 Transferring the exudate in the tissue engineering chamber as a trigger to incubate large amount adipose tissue in remote area.
75  fluorescence density mapping
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2016 Live-cell imaging of ER-PM contact architecture by a novel TIRFM approach reveals extension of junctions in response to store-operated Ca2+-entry.
76  fluorescence-disappear model
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FDP (1 time)
SHG (1 time)
1998 [The interior relation between FDP and SHG].
77  fluorescent destination marker
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ICG (1 time)
2018 Indocyanine green fluorescence-guided laparoscopic surgery, with omental appendices as fluorescent markers for colorectal cancer resection: a pilot study.
78  Flux Donnan Membrane
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DMT (1 time)
2006 Donnan membrane approach: from equilibrium to dynamic speciation.
79  focal dermal mucinosis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
RCM (1 time)
2015 Reflectance Confocal Microscopy Features of Focal Dermal Mucinosis Differ from Those Described for Basal Cell Carcinoma: Report of Two Cases.
80  folate-depleted medium
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FB1 (1 time)
2007 Folate receptor and human reduced folate carrier expression in HepG2 cell line exposed to fumonisin B1 and folate deficiency.
81  Food deprivation and melatonin treatment
(1 time)
Fertility
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
FDi (1 time)
FDMi (1 time)
2014 Protective Effect of Melatonin against Inequality-Induced Da mages on Testicular Tissue and Sper m Para meters.
82  force decomposition machine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DDFD (1 time)
MD (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
2012 Implementation of the force decomposition machine for molecular dynamics simulations.
83  Force Distribution Measurement
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
STS (1 time)
2018 Effect of spinal tap test on the performance of sit-to-stand, walking, and turning in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.
84  form distant metastasis
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AJCC (1 time)
FLR (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2001 Is the 1997 AJCC staging system for nasopharyngeal carcinoma prognostically useful for Chinese patient populations?
85  form-sense-deprived model
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2001 A study on the prevention and treatment of myopia with nacre on chicks.
86  Formaldehyde dismutase
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
fdm (1 time)
2017 Development of a simplified purification method for a novel formaldehyde dismutase variant from Pseudomonas putida J3.
87  Fourier decomposition method
(1 time)
MFDM (1 time)
MFIBFs (1 time)
TFE (1 time)
2017 The Fourier decomposition method for nonlinear and non-stationary time series analysis.
88  Fractal Dimension Measurements
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FOS (1 time)
GLDM (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of texture features in hepatic tissue characterization from non-enhanced CT images.
89  fraction of differentially stained metaphases
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
1994 A case of caffeine-mediated cancellation of mitotic delay without enhanced breakage in V79 cells.
90  fractional-derivative model
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MADE (1 time)
2014 Use of a variable-index fractional-derivative model to capture transient dispersion in heterogeneous media.
91  frank diabetic mothers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2006 Metabolic hormones profile in 2 weeks old healthy infants of diabetic mothers.
92  free dietary choice of mealworms
(1 time)
FDMG (1 time)
FRMG (1 time)
2018 Free Dietary Choice and Free-Range Rearing Improve the Product Quality, Gait Score, and Microbial Richness of Chickens.
93  free draining model
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AAc (1 time)
NIPA (1 time)
PAAc (1 time)
2013 Electrophoretic behavior of microgel-immobilized polyions.
94  Freeze Drying Method
(1 time)
Biochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
SBDs (1 time)
2017 Preparation and characterization of cockle shell aragonite nanocomposite porous 3D scaffolds for bone repair.
95  Freeze-dried mango pulp
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 Mango phenolics increase the serum apolipoprotein A1/B ratio in rats fed high cholesterol and sodium cholate diets.
96  freeze-dried mycelium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
2005 Influence of autoclaved fungal materials on spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) growth, morphogenesis, and secondary metabolism.
97  Frequency Dispersion Metric
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2018 Bimodal classification algorithm for atrial fibrillation detection from m-health ECG recordings.
98  frequency-dependent modification
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Electrophysiological approach to mechanisms for actions of general anesthetics].
99  front desk method
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ERM (1 time)
PAMF (1 time)
2009 Collecting patient race/ethnicity and primary language data in ambulatory care settings: a case study in methodology.
100  frozen maltitol and lactitol solutions under vacuum
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2010 Freeze-drying of proteins with glass-forming oligosaccharide-derived sugar alcohols.