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Abbreviation: FF
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Long forms: 555

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
follicular fluid
(904 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(531 times)
IVF (140 times)
PCOS (76 times)
ICSI (48 times)
1975 Effect of follicular fluid and oestradiol on the luteinization of rat granulosa cells in vitro.
fill factor
(393 times)
Chemistry
(110 times)
PCE (129 times)
PSCs (40 times)
DSSCs (37 times)
1997 A solar cell system for extension of battery run time in a moving actuator total artificial heart.
filtration fraction
(300 times)
Nephrology
(92 times)
GFR (216 times)
ERPF (80 times)
RPF (71 times)
1967 Effects of changes in pO2, pCO2 and pH on the total vascular resistance of perfused cat kidneys.
fat fraction
(115 times)
Radiology
(42 times)
MRI (27 times)
MRS (22 times)
BMD (11 times)
1993 [Evaluation of fatty liver changes and fatty degeneration in liver tumors by 1H-MRS].
fluticasone furoate
(108 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(40 times)
ICS (26 times)
FP (25 times)
COPD (18 times)
2007 Pharmacological properties of the enhanced-affinity glucocorticoid fluticasone furoate in vitro and in an in vivo model of respiratory inflammatory disease.
force field
(92 times)
Chemistry
(60 times)
MD (26 times)
CG (9 times)
DFT (8 times)
1981 Reference values and characteristics of brain stem audiometry in neonates and children.
fresh-frozen
(90 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
FFPE (72 times)
NGS (9 times)
qPCR (4 times)
1983 Comparison between immunopotency tests and specific active or passive acquired resistance against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in mice induced with three different preparations of BCG pasteur vaccine.
fimbria-fornix
(83 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
ChAT (11 times)
LTP (6 times)
EC (5 times)
1987 Effects of fimbria-fornix transection and ganglioside treatments on histochemical staining for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in the lateral septum.
florfenicol
(69 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
TAP (24 times)
FFA (22 times)
CAP (21 times)
1993 Drug resistance and broad geographical distribution of identical R plasmids of Pasteurella piscicida isolated from cultured yellowtail in Japan.
10  formula-fed
(64 times)
Pediatrics
(28 times)
BF (47 times)
MF (8 times)
HM (4 times)
1986 Changes in the serum lipids and apolipoproteins in the first four weeks of life.
11  fenofibrate
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
PPARalpha (10 times)
PPAR (8 times)
TG (6 times)
1988 Inductive effects of fenofibrate and metabolism of phenobarbital.
12  fast fatigable
(59 times)
Physiology
(40 times)
FR (50 times)
MUs (13 times)
MG (10 times)
1982 A quantitative study of skeletofusimotor innervation in the cat peroneus tertius muscle.
13  filling fraction
(44 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EF (13 times)
PFR (5 times)
NIPT (4 times)
1981 Effect of age and sex on disposition of desmethyldiazepam formed from its precursor clorazepate.
14  flattening filter
(41 times)
Biophysics
(20 times)
FFF (31 times)
IMRT (10 times)
VMAT (9 times)
2006 Measurements of in-air output ratios for a linear accelerator with and without the flattening filter.
15  form factor
(41 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
MNA (9 times)
AR (5 times)
MNP (5 times)
1983 A comparative study of nuclear form factor, area and diameter in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and reactive lymph nodes.
16  feedforward
(35 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
FB (21 times)
LM (4 times)
ANN (3 times)
2002 Early specification of the hierarchical organization of visual cortical areas in the macaque monkey.
17  formoterol fumarate
(29 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
BDP (10 times)
COPD (7 times)
FEV1 (6 times)
1989 [Enhanced percutaneous absorption of formoterol furmarate via pulsed iontophoresis. I. Effect of constant current and constant voltage].
18  French francs
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DRG (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1993 [Socioeconomic costs of osteoarthritis in France].
19  formula feeding
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
BF (11 times)
MF (5 times)
EBF (3 times)
1985 Problems of early infancy, formula changes, and mothers' beliefs about their infants.
20  fibroblastic foci
(20 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
IPF (14 times)
UIP (8 times)
EMT (4 times)
2002 The relationship between individual histologic features and disease progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
21  full-field
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
HF (5 times)
VEPs (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1983 Counteraction of underfeeding-induced inhibition of mammary tumor growth in rats by prolactin and estrogen administration.
22  fibrotic focus
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IDC (8 times)
IDCs (4 times)
ER (3 times)
1996 Fibrotic focus in invasive ductal carcinoma: an indicator of high tumor aggressiveness.
23  fixed wavelength fluorescence
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
PAH (6 times)
PAHs (6 times)
SFS (5 times)
1996 Fish biliary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites estimated by fixed-wavelength fluorescence: comparison with HPLC-fluorescent detection.
24  Friedewald formula
(18 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(5 times)
LDL-C (13 times)
TG (6 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
2004 Comparison of calculated and direct low density lipoprotein cholesterol determinations in a routine laboratory.
25  fundamental frequency
(18 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
SH (5 times)
BEC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
1998 Acoustic analysis of snoring and the site of airway obstruction in sleep related respiratory disorders.
26  fast food
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
NASH (5 times)
SC (3 times)
FFC (2 times)
2010 The geography of Fast Food outlets: a review.
27  feeding frequency
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
FD (3 times)
FL (3 times)
RFI (3 times)
1987 Effect of feeding frequency on forage fiber and nitrogen utilization in sheep.
28  fiber-free
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
GG (5 times)
CL (2 times)
FOS (2 times)
1982 Response to dietary wheat bran in the exocrine pancreas and intestine of rats.
29  far-field
(15 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
NF (6 times)
VT (4 times)
EGMs (3 times)
2006 Analysis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator signals for non conventional cardiac electrical activity characterization.
30  fibro-fatty
(15 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
NC (11 times)
VH-IVUS (9 times)
DC (8 times)
2007 Automated coronary plaque characterisation with intravascular ultrasound backscatter: ex vivo validation.
31  fragility fracture
(15 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
BMD (2 times)
INT (2 times)
MIN (2 times)
2005 [Examination and treatment of orthopedic-surgery patients with osteoporosis-related fragility fractures].
32  functional fitness
(15 times)
Geriatrics
(5 times)
BMI (2 times)
CI (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2007 Functional fitness gain varies in older adults depending on exercise mode.
33  face-to-face
(13 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
EE (2 times)
VC (2 times)
COMPASS (1 time)
2001 Scaling Behavior of the Rheological Properties of Montmorillonite Suspensions: Correlation between Interparticle Interaction and Degree of Flocculation.
34  furfural
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HMF (4 times)
DG (2 times)
FA (2 times)
1989 Chromosome aberrations induced by pyrolysates of carbohydrates in Chinese hamster V79 cells.
35  Fear of falling
(12 times)
Geriatrics
(7 times)
ABC (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2004 Physical function and health status among seniors with and without a fear of falling.
36  finite field
(12 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DFT (5 times)
NLO (5 times)
TTF (2 times)
2005 Hydrogen-bond effects on the electronic absorption spectrum and evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of an aminobenzodifuranone derivative that exhibits the largest positive solvatochromism.
37  free-feeding
(12 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
FFW (3 times)
FR (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
1985 Phentermine self-administration in naive free-feeding and food-deprived rats: a dose response study.
38  freeze-fracture
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
TEM (5 times)
IMP (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1979 Ordered membrane particles in rhabdomeric microvilli of the housefly (Musca domestica L.).
39  functional fibrinogen
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
MA (8 times)
TEG (8 times)
MCF (3 times)
2012 Comparison of whole blood fibrin-based clot tests in thrombelastography and thromboelastometry.
40  fenfluramine
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PCA (7 times)
DHT (3 times)
5-HTP (2 times)
1976 Behavioral evidence for the rapid release of CNS serotonin by PCA and fenfluramine.
41  forefoot
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
RF (5 times)
HF (4 times)
GRFs (2 times)
1994 Infected puncture wounds in adults with diabetes: risk factors for osteomyelitis.
42  Forsythiae fructus
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
LJF (4 times)
SHL (4 times)
SR (4 times)
1995 Thermogenic, anti-obesity effects of bofu-tsusho-san in MSG-obese mice.
43  forward flexion
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
ER (5 times)
ROM (5 times)
IR (3 times)
2009 Effects of posterior-inferior capsular plications in range of motion in arthroscopic anterior Bankart repair: a prospective randomized clinical study.
44  free flow
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
BFR (2 times)
BQ (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1999 Should use of the internal thoracic artery be avoided under conditions of low free flow? Postoperative hemodynamic assessment using pulsed Doppler echocardiography.
45  fat-free
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CO (7 times)
CLA (2 times)
EFA (2 times)
1984 Alcohol ingestion and levels of hepatic fatty acid synthetase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase activities in rats.
46  flow focusing
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
PLGA (2 times)
Db (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2007 Electro-flow focusing: the high-conductivity low-viscosity limit.
47  fructose-fed
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
1998 Increased functional Na(+)-K+ pump activity in the vasculature of fructose-fed hyperinsulinemic and hypertensive rats.
48  full-fat
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
RF (4 times)
HF (2 times)
RFS (2 times)
2000 The influence of recipe modification and nutritional information on restaurant food acceptance and macronutrient intakes.
49  functional foods
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
TC (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2003 An approach for evaluating lifelong intakes of functional foods in elderly people.
50  fast-twitch fatigable
(9 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
FR (8 times)
FInt (3 times)
MG (3 times)
1979 Histochemical characteristics of the masseter and temporalis muscles of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).
51  ferrofluid
(9 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
Bom (1 time)
BPC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1999 Kinetics and Mechanism of Two-Electron Reduction of Surfacial Ferric Ions of Colloidal Ferrofluid by l-Ascorbic Acid in Aqueous Acidic Medium.
52  ferrous fumarate
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FS (5 times)
IDA (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2011 Shelf stability, sensory qualities, and bioavailability of iron-fortified Nepalese curry powder.
53  firefighters
(9 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
HR (3 times)
BP (2 times)
Non-FF (2 times)
1993 Effectiveness of self-help smoking cessation guides for firefighters.
54  flavonoid fraction
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AE (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1996 Effects of a purified micronized flavonoid fraction on capillary filtration in diabetic patients.
55  flaxseed flour
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
ED (2 times)
EL (2 times)
FM (2 times)
1991 The effect of flaxseed supplementation on early risk markers for mammary carcinogenesis.
56  fluorescein flowmetry
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
LDF (3 times)
FA (1 time)
1985 Fluorescein flowmetry: a method for measuring relative capillary blood flow in the intestine.
57  formalin-fixed
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FFPE (4 times)
AF (1 time)
AMP-FLP (1 time)
1994 Detection of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) transcripts from normal human and archival canine benign prostatic hyperplastic tissues.
58  fornix-fimbria
(9 times)
Brain
(8 times)
5,7-DHT (3 times)
CB (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1983 Effects of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine on HRP retrograde transport from hippocampus to midbrain raphe nuclei in the rat.
59  fat-signal fraction
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
BAT (2 times)
SI (2 times)
WAT (2 times)
2013 Measurement of interscapular brown adipose tissue of mice in differentially housed temperatures by chemical-shift-encoded water-fat MRI.
60  fluid flow
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2005 ROC-based assessments of 3D cortical surface-matching algorithms.
61  free fluid
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (4 times)
BAT (3 times)
FAST (3 times)
2005 Pelvic free fluid: clinical importance for reproductive age women with blunt abdominal trauma.
62  fungiform
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SP (5 times)
CV (4 times)
CT (2 times)
2001 Age-related alteration of taste bud distribution in the common marmoset.
63  fabric filter
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ESP (4 times)
BR (3 times)
EC (3 times)
2001 Economic comparison of emission control systems for glass manufacturing furnaces with heat recovery.
64  Fano factor
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CV (2 times)
AENs (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2008 Measurement of variability dynamics in cortical spike trains.
65  fast fatiguing
(7 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FR (5 times)
AHP (4 times)
FI (4 times)
1983 Presynaptic inhibition, EPSP amplitude, and motor-unit type in triceps surae motoneurons in the cat.
66  Fast Flow
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DEAE (1 time)
FACS (1 time)
FITC (1 time)
1999 Ion-exchange chromatography separation of the detergent and the solvent from immunoglobulins after solvent-detergent treatment.
67  fear of failure
(7 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
HS (3 times)
TAT (2 times)
FFa (1 time)
2000 Assessing achievement, affiliation, and power motives all at once: the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG).
68  Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
CF (4 times)
CMI (4 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
2011 Increased plasma peroxides as a marker of oxidative stress in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS).
69  freely fed
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CORT (2 times)
DR (2 times)
PF (2 times)
1990 Increased degradation of albumin in cancer is not due to conformational or chemical modifications in the albumin molecule.
70  frictional force
(7 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CuNiTi (2 times)
SS (2 times)
A-Ni-Ti (1 time)
1995 Friction blisters. Pathophysiology, prevention and treatment.
71  full feed
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FW (3 times)
PC (2 times)
RF (2 times)
1997 Reducing milk production in ewes at weaning using restricted feeding and methscopolamine bromide.
72  fat and fiber
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SS (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
2001 Plasma glucose and insulin responses of Thoroughbred mares fed a meal high in starch and sugar or fat and fiber.
73  female-female
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MM (5 times)
MF (3 times)
FM (2 times)
1991 Birth defects in twins: study in a Spanish population.
74  femur fracture
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IMN (2 times)
AD-SoS (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
1991 Outcome following femur fracture and subsequent cecal ligation and puncture in endotoxin-sensitive (C3H/HeN) and endotoxin-resistant (C3H/HeJ) mice.
75  fetal fibroblast
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AF (3 times)
SCNT (2 times)
AFS (1 time)
2000 in vitro development of porcine enucleated oocytes reconstructed by the transfer of porcine fetal fibroblasts and cumulus cells.
76  Filtek Flow
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ESPI (1 time)
2004 Non-destructive characterization of resin-based filling materials using Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry.
77  foreskin fibroblasts
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2003 Unique tissue-specific level of DNA nucleotide excision repair in primary human mammary epithelial cultures.
78  free flap
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
PMMF (2 times)
FN (1 time)
HNFF (1 time)
1997 Comparison of cost and function in reconstruction of the posterior oral cavity and oropharynx. Free vs pedicled soft tissue transfer.
79  face-face
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FN (2 times)
NF (2 times)
NN (2 times)
2001 Association of the distinct visual representations of faces and names: a PET activation study.
80  filamentous fungi
(5 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
DW (1 time)
2006 Survey and significance of filamentous fungi from tap water.
81  final fracture
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IF (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2002 Do facial fractures protect the brain or are they a marker for severe head injury?
82  first flush
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
COD (1 time)
SS (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2008 Predicting the existence of stormwater first flush from the time of concentration.
83  fixed flexion
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
MTP (4 times)
OA (4 times)
JSN (3 times)
2006 Comparison of fixed flexion, fluoroscopic semi-flexed and MTP radiographic methods for obtaining the minimum medial joint space width of the knee in longitudinal osteoarthritis trials.
84  flash frozen
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
1987 Histologic diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease. The value of concurrent hematoxylin and eosin and cholinesterase staining of rectal biopsies.
85  Food fussiness
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CEBQ (2 times)
AEBQ (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2016 Common genetic architecture underlying young children's food fussiness and liking for vegetables and fruit.
86  formaldehyde-fluorescamine
(5 times)
Histocytochemistry
(4 times)
OPT (2 times)
FACS (1 time)
1979 Formaldehyde-fluorescamine-induced fluorescence of mammary carcinoma cells. Lack of concordance with occurrence of oestrogen-binding receptor proteins.
87  formoterol fumarate dihydrate
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
COPD (3 times)
GP (3 times)
MDI (3 times)
2017 Nano- and Microstructured model carrier surfaces to alter dry powder inhaler performance.
88  free-fed
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1991 Effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on perinatal morbidity and postnatal growth in the rabbit.
89  freely feeding
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
5-HT (3 times)
5-HIAA (2 times)
CORT (2 times)
1996 Food restriction decreases serotonin and its synthesis rate in the hypothalamus.
90  fronto-frontal
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
1977 Comparison of fronto-frontal and temporo-parietal unilateral ECT.
91  Fulde-Ferrell
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LO (2 times)
MFs (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2012 Triplet pair correlations in s-wave superfluids as a signature of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state.
92  fully folded
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LU (4 times)
Prxs (3 times)
CP (1 time)
2001 Candidate gene analysis for loci affecting litter size and ovulation rate in swine.
93  Family Foundations
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
ABOs (1 time)
2012 Relating engagement to outcomes in prevention: the case of a parenting program for couples.
94  family functioning
(4 times)
Eating Disorders
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
ES (1 time)
FACES III, Olson et al (1 time)
1991 [Validation in the French language of an evaluation scale for family functioning (FACES III): a tool for research and for clinical practice].
95  fast flexor
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SG (3 times)
EMG (1 time)
EPSPs (1 time)
1985 Segmental differences in pathways between crayfish giant axons and fast flexor motoneurons.
96  fast twitch, fatigue sensitive
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FR (4 times)
FI (2 times)
ATPase (1 time)
1983 Relation between isometric force and stimulus rate in cat's hindlimb motor units of different twitch contraction time.
97  fat-free diet
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ACMSD (1 time)
ETYA (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
1990 Effect of dietary fat on the induction of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 isozymes by phenobarbital.
98  fatty fish
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
LF (3 times)
CSO (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1991 Plasma lipoprotein response to substituting fish for red meat in the diet.
99  FearFighter
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
BAI (2 times)
BtB (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2005 Internet-guided self-help with or without exposure therapy for phobic and panic disorders.
100  Feral x Feral
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BA (4 times)
BS (4 times)
SA (4 times)
1999 The influence of goat genotype on the production of Capretto and Chevon carcasses. 1. Growth and carcass characteristics.