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Abbreviation: FG
Appearance Frequency: 3157 time(s)
Long forms: 530

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Fluorogold
(409 times)
Neurology
(198 times)
RGCs (36 times)
DRG (26 times)
CGRP (24 times)
1988 Hippocampal neurons grafted to newborn rats establish efferent commissural connections.
Fluoro-Gold
(319 times)
Neurology
(134 times)
DRG (32 times)
CGRP (23 times)
FB (18 times)
1986 Some projections of dynorphin-immunoreactive neurons in the rat central nervous system.
fasting glucose
(262 times)
Endocrinology
(70 times)
BMI (43 times)
TG (39 times)
TC (32 times)
1999 Comparison of ADA and WHO screening methods for diabetes mellitus in obese patients. American Diabetes Association.
fusiform gyrus
(193 times)
Neurology
(56 times)
fMRI (30 times)
IFG (14 times)
STG (14 times)
1998 Neural processing of words in the human extrastriate visual cortex.
Fournier's gangrene
(186 times)
Urology
(41 times)
FGSI (28 times)
DM (11 times)
UFGSI (9 times)
1994 [Fournier's gangrene secondary to anorectal trauma].
fibrin glue
(184 times)
General Surgery
(58 times)
FGF1 (8 times)
BMSCs (7 times)
HA (6 times)
1987 A quantitative and qualitative comparison of fibrin glue, albumin, and blood as agents to pretreat porous vascular grafts.
focus groups
(124 times)
Public Health
(24 times)
MS (3 times)
MSM (3 times)
QoL (3 times)
1999 Medicaid recipients' experiences under mandatory managed care.
fast glycolytic
(78 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
FOG (61 times)
SO (61 times)
MG (6 times)
1984 Capillarization, mitochondrial densities, oxygen diffusion distances and innervation of red and white muscle of the lizard Dipsosaurus dorsalis.
fast-twitch glycolytic
(74 times)
Physiology
(28 times)
FOG (62 times)
SO (57 times)
SDH (10 times)
1976 Ultrastructural alterations in skeletal muscle fibers of streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
10  Ferriman-Gallwey
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(20 times)
PCOS (36 times)
BMI (15 times)
FAI (9 times)
1994 Physiological estrogen replacement may enhance the effectiveness of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in the treatment of hirsutism.
11  fish gelatin
(41 times)
Food
(10 times)
SEM (4 times)
GA (3 times)
GSE (3 times)
2008 Proteolytic degradation of cold-water fish gelatin solutions and gels.
12  functional group
(40 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
MBFG (5 times)
IG (3 times)
MFG (3 times)
1986 Kidney graft rejection studies with labeled platelets and lymphocytes.
13  fluorinated graphene
(31 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
XPS (5 times)
EPR (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2014 Fluorination of graphene: a spectroscopic and microscopic study.
14  floating gate
(23 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
CG (5 times)
FET (3 times)
SG (3 times)
2004 Depletion type floating gate p-channel MOS transistor for recording action potentials generated by cultured neurons.
15  female gametophyte
(22 times)
Botany
(12 times)
PT (3 times)
FNM (2 times)
MG (2 times)
2002 Mitochondrial GFA2 is required for synergid cell death in Arabidopsis.
16  functionally graded
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GPLs (2 times)
ACLD (1 time)
CAD-CAM (1 time)
2006 Thermal-mechanical study of functionally graded dental implants with the finite element method.
17  fast-growing
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
SG (17 times)
AI (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1977 Thermal transitions in the adhesiveness of HeLa cells: effects of cell growth, trypsin treatment and calcium.
18  fine-grained
(20 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
CG (18 times)
MD (3 times)
NEMD (2 times)
2012 Solvating atomic level fine-grained proteins in supra-molecular level coarse-grained water for molecular dynamics simulations.
19  first-generation
(18 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
SG (6 times)
HD (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
2006 Readministration of helper-dependent adenovirus to mouse lung.
20  ferric gluconate
(16 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
FCM (7 times)
IDA (5 times)
Hb (4 times)
2006 Association of different intravenous iron preparations with risk of bacteremia in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
21  fluoroscopy-guided
(16 times)
Urology
(6 times)
PCNL (5 times)
SFR (4 times)
RA (3 times)
2009 Fluoroscopy vs. traditional guided femoral arterial access and the use of closure devices: a randomized controlled trial.
22  fasting blood glucose
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HDL-C (4 times)
BP (3 times)
HOMA-IR (3 times)
1992 [Median-term (4 months) treatment with glibenclamide + metformin substituting for glibenclamide + fenformin lowers the lacticemia levels in type-2 diabetics (NIDDM)].
23  flaxseed gum
(15 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
SPI (2 times)
WVP (2 times)
XG (2 times)
2011 Influence of various levels of flaxseed gum addition on the water-holding capacities of heat-induced porcine myofibrillar protein.
24  functionalized graphene
(15 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
SPE (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
Al (1 time)
2011 Conductive behaviour and self-conductance characteristic of carbon nanotubes/functionalized graphene hybrid films.
25  French Guiana
(14 times)
Science
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AV (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
2010 Incidence of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus in French Guiana: a retrospective population-based study.
26  Fucosylated glycosaminoglycan
(13 times)
Polysaccharides
(3 times)
FucS (3 times)
AT (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
2013 Anti-HIV-1 activity and structure-activity-relationship study of a fucosylated glycosaminoglycan from an echinoderm by targeting the conserved CD4 induced epitope.
27  fiberglass
(12 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
AE (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ARP (1 time)
1994 A comparison of human exposures to fiberglass with those used in a recent rat chronic inhalation study.
28  free gossypol
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
CSM (9 times)
TG (4 times)
WCS (4 times)
1995 Effects of free gossypol in the diet of pregnant and postpartum Brahman cows on calf development and cow performance.
29  frontal ganglion
(12 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CNS (2 times)
HG (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1979 Synaptic connections of the nervus connectivus in the frontal ganglion of Periplaneta americana L. (Insecta). An electron microscopic and iontophoretic study.
30  fast green
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BroB (3 times)
EB (3 times)
IC (3 times)
1965 Antigen-induced changes in lymphoid cell histones. I. Thymus.
31  Fisher grade
(11 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
SAH (8 times)
HHG (4 times)
CT (2 times)
2005 Subarachnoid hemorrhage on computed tomography scanning and the development of cerebral vasospasm: the Fisher grade revisited.
32  Fructus Gardeniae
(11 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
AST (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
1996 [Protective effect of fructus gardeniae on pancreatic subcellular organs of the acute pancreatitis in rats].
33  filamentous growth
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
HOG (6 times)
MAPK (4 times)
MAPKs (2 times)
2000 Aspergillus SteA (sterile12-like) is a homeodomain-C2/H2-Zn+2 finger transcription factor required for sexual reproduction.
34  fluorescein glucuronide
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
BRB (4 times)
DVF (3 times)
VFP (2 times)
1986 Fluorescein and fluorescein glucuronide pharmacokinetics after intravenous injection.
35  fluorographene
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CV (1 time)
DMF (1 time)
F-graphite (1 time)
2013 Solvothermally exfoliated fluorographene for high-performance lithium primary batteries.
36  figure-ground
(9 times)
Cognitive Science
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
BO (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2006 A test of the salience asymmetry interpretation of the alcohol-IAT.
37  flounder gill
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LCDV (3 times)
CPE (1 time)
CTB (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and teratogenicity of marine sediments from Qingdao coastal areas using in vitro fish cell assay, comet assay and zebrafish embryo test.
38  Fuhrman grade
(8 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RCC (4 times)
HR (3 times)
CSM (2 times)
2009 Partial versus radical nephrectomy in patients with adverse clinical or pathologic characteristics.
39  full-grown
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
MV (3 times)
IGF (2 times)
PV (2 times)
2006 Growth differentiation factor 9 and its spatiotemporal expression and regulation in the zebrafish ovary.
40  fenugreek gum
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
GG (2 times)
LBG (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
2011 Physicochemical characteristics of soy protein isolate and fenugreek gum dispersed systems.
41  fermented ginseng
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
JNK (3 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
ERK (2 times)
2009 Protective effects of fermented ginseng on streptozotocin-induced pancreatic beta-cell damage through inhibition of NF-kappaB.
42  flaxseed group
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CG (7 times)
ECG (1 time)
EFG (1 time)
2010 Maternal consumption of flaxseed during lactation affects weight and hemoglobin level of offspring in rats.
43  football group
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
CG (3 times)
ANS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2009 Performance enhancements and muscular adaptations of a 16-week recreational football intervention for untrained women.
44  French gauge
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CMS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EELV (1 time)
1988 Endoscopic management of malignant biliary obstruction: stents of 10 French gauge are preferable to stents of 8 French gauge.
45  fully guided
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
FH (5 times)
PG (5 times)
AGD (2 times)
2015 Three-Dimensional Evaluation of Implant Bed Preparation and the Influence on Primary Implant Stability After Using 2 Different Surgical Techniques.
46  fasciculata-glomerulosa
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
3 beta-HSD (3 times)
PI (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1991 Effects of RU 486 on adrenal steroidogenesis in the guinea-pig.
47  fasciculus gracilis
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
dCST (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FC (1 time)
1984 Topographical anatomy of the posterior columns of the spinal cord in man. The long ascending fibres.
48  fasting
(6 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
2hPG (2 times)
i-IFG (2 times)
OGTT (2 times)
2004 Flexible treatment of gestational diabetes modulated on ultrasound evaluation of intrauterine growth: a controlled randomized clinical trial.
49  fasting plasma glucose
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
3'UTRs (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2007 Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
50  feminizing genitoplasty
(6 times)
Urology
(4 times)
CAH (2 times)
BIDQ (1 time)
DVISS (1 time)
2007 Feminizing genitoplasty in adult transsexuals: early and long-term surgical results.
51  fenugreek
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ALF (1 time)
BMS (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2010 Effect of organic acids and plant extracts on Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimurium in broth culture model and chicken meat systems.
52  Ferriman-Gallway score
(6 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
PCOS (5 times)
BMI (2 times)
DHEAS (2 times)
2007 Is prostate-specific antigen a potential new marker of androgen excess in polycystic ovary syndrome?
53  flake graphite
(6 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
CNTs (2 times)
AG (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2015 A plum-pudding like mesoporous SiO2/flake graphite nanocomposite with superior rate performance for LIB anode materials.
54  flavonoid glycosides
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
GB (1 time)
GBE (1 time)
MA-co-DVB (1 time)
2006 Difference in plasma metabolite concentration after ingestion of lemon flavonoids and their aglycones in humans.
55  Flemish Giant
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
CN (3 times)
NC (3 times)
NN (3 times)
1983 Characterization of straightbred and crossbred rabbits for milk production and associative traits.
56  free glycerol
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
TG (3 times)
FFA (2 times)
DM (1 time)
1975 Effect of glucose on lipolysis and on release of lipolytic products in isolated adipocytes.
57  fast-twitch glycolytic fibres
(5 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
FOG (5 times)
SO (4 times)
CK (1 time)
1979 Loss of thick filaments from fast-twitch glucolytic muscle fibers of the pigeon pectoralis after chronic administration of dantrolene sodium.
58  fasting glucose level
(5 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
DP (2 times)
2hG (1 time)
2003 Effect of fasting glucose levels on mortality rate in patients with and without diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.
59  fat grafting
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ADSC (1 time)
MIRPE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2015 Early Fat Grafting for Augmentation of Orbitozygomatic Region in Treacher Collins Syndrome.
60  fatigue group
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CG (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
NFG (2 times)
2007 Physical fatigue affects gait characteristics in older persons.
61  feed-grade
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AG (3 times)
RG (2 times)
RBV (1 time)
1989 Bioavailability of manganese from feed grade manganese oxides for broiler chicks.
62  fermented grains
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
buk (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
CSFB (1 time)
2014 Spatial distribution of bacterial communities and related biochemical properties in Luzhou-flavor liquor-fermented grains.
63  field generator
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
EM (3 times)
US (3 times)
AFG (1 time)
2012 An electromagnetic "Tracker-in-Table" configuration for X-ray fluoroscopy and cone-beam CT-guided surgery.
64  fluorescein gold
(5 times)
Bone and Bones
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
EA (1 time)
hUCBSCs (1 time)
2010 [Lithium chloride combined with human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for treatment of spinal cord injury in rats].
65  food grade
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
ENMs (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2007 Development of food grade media for the preparation of Lactobacillus plantarum starter culture.
66  foreground
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BG (4 times)
FA (2 times)
AMY (1 time)
2009 Complementary DNA microarray image processing based on the fuzzy gaussian mixture model.
67  formed by the phenylalanine-glycine
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
NPCs (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
IDRs (1 time)
2007 Domain topology of the p62 complex within the 3-D architecture of the nuclear pore complex.
68  function-graded
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
SS (3 times)
Ti (3 times)
FE (2 times)
2010 Effects of the bone-plate material and the presence of a gap between the fractured bone and plate on the predicted stresses at the fractured bone.
69  fusion gene
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CG (2 times)
EAC (2 times)
MRD (2 times)
2003 Evaluation of candidate control genes for diagnosis and residual disease detection in leukemic patients using 'real-time' quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) - a Europe against cancer program.
70  fast glycogenolytic fibers
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FOG (4 times)
SO (3 times)
ARS (1 time)
1983 Fibre type specific transformations in the enzyme activity pattern of rat vastus lateralis muscle by prolonged endurance training.
71  feeding gastrostomy
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ARP (1 time)
GER (1 time)
IRR (1 time)
1988 Feeding gastrostomy in neurologically impaired children: is an antireflux procedure necessary?
72  fentanyl group
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
FNG (1 time)
1996 Intravenous ketamine or fentanyl prolongs postoperative analgesia after intrathecal neostigmine.
73  filtration gradient
(4 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
IAP (4 times)
APP (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
2006 [The role of portal hypertension and colloid-osmotic blood pressure in the pathogenesis of ascitis in patients with hepatic cyrrhosis].
74  Fine-Gray
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CSH (1 time)
2019 Assessing risk factors of non-fatal outcomes amid a competing risk of mortality: the example of hip fracture.
75  Finsler geometry
(4 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
HP (1 time)
LCE (1 time)
LCEs (1 time)
2017 J-shaped stress-strain diagram of collagen fibers: Frame tension of triangulated surfaces with fixed boundaries.
76  flash graphene
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
FJH (2 times)
AC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2017 Induced Superaerophobicity onto a Non-superaerophobic Catalytic Surface for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Reaction.
77  flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LCDV (3 times)
mAbs (3 times)
VAP (2 times)
2012 Monoclonal antibodies against 27.8 kDa protein receptor efficiently block lymphocystis disease virus infection in flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill cells.
78  fluorescence-guided
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
5-ALA (2 times)
GBM (2 times)
KPS (2 times)
2017 Fluorescence-Guided versus Conventional Surgical Resection of High Grade Glioma: A Single-Centre, 7-Year, Comparative Effectiveness Study.
79  follicular gastritis
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
H. pylori (1 time)
HP (1 time)
IgH (1 time)
1992 Follicular gastritis and its association with Helicobacter pylori infection.
80  foregut
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MG (2 times)
Nt (2 times)
AHG (1 time)
1999 Relationship of the notochord to foregut development in the fetal rat model of esophageal atresia.
81  functional genomic
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2005 Genome-wide introgression lines and their use in genetic and molecular dissection of complex phenotypes in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
82  failed group
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
SG (3 times)
FS (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
2010 Factors contributing to stability of protraction facemask treatment of Class III malocclusion.
83  failure group
(3 times)
Maxillofacial Injuries
(1 time)
SG (2 times)
FGA (1 time)
FGB (1 time)
2007 Tension-free vaginal tape: poor intraoperative cough test as a predictor of postoperative urinary retention.
84  fair game
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
EX (3 times)
OC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2019 Cerebral responses to self-initiated action during social interactions.
85  fast group
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
JPE (1 time)
NG (1 time)
2019 Effect of laterality discrimination on joint position sense and cervical range of motion in patients with chronic neck pain: a randomized single-blind clinical trial.
86  fast-glycogenolytic
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FOG (3 times)
SO (3 times)
1977 Glycogen, lactate, and alanine changes in muscle fiber types during graded exercise.
87  fasting glucose to insulin ratio
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
PCOS (2 times)
FI (1 time)
FT (1 time)
1999 A survey of the polycystic ovary syndrome in the Greek island of Lesbos: hormonal and metabolic profile.
88  fasting group
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NFG (3 times)
BP (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2016 Effect of Ramadan fasting on fatigue, mood, sleepiness, and health-related quality of life of healthy young men in summer time in Germany: A prospective controlled study.
89  fat graft
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2012 Role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in mitochondrial depolarization and graft injury after transplantation of fatty livers.
90  fecal grab
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
RAMS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
2009 Perineal swabs reveal effect of super shedders on the transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in commercial feedlots.
91  ferrite glycidyl methacrylate
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CRBN (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CK1alpha (1 time)
2015 Identification of a new pharmacological activity of the phenylpiperazine derivative naftopidil: tubulin-binding drug.
92  Ferrogels
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
MNPs (2 times)
AAm (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2018 Polyacrylamide Ferrogels with Magnetite or Strontium Hexaferrite: Next Step in the Development of Soft Biomimetic Matter for Biosensor Applications.
93  Feruloyl-sn-glycerol
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DOPC (1 time)
2015 Feruloyl glycerol and 1,3-diferuloyl glycerol antioxidant behavior in phospholipid vesicles.
94  FG-iso
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
1995 Biliary excretion of furosemide glucuronide in rabbits.
95  fibrillary glomerulopathy
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
ITG (1 time)
1996 Clinical features, predictors of disease progression and results of renal transplantation in fibrillary/immunotactoid glomerulopathy.
96  fibro-glandular
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DCE (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2010 Optical breast cancer margin assessment: an observational study of the effects of tissue heterogeneity on optical contrast.
97  fibrous glass
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
RCF (2 times)
EDS (1 time)
MMVF (1 time)
1993 Chronic inhalation toxicity of size-separated glass fibers in Fischer 344 rats.
98  Fine and Gray
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
CSH (1 time)
CVEs (1 time)
2018 Risk and outcomes for second primary human papillomavirus-related and -unrelated head and neck malignancy.
99  fine ground
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BW (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Effect of feeding fine maize particles on the reticular pH, milk yield and composition of dairy cows.
100  fingolimod
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
IFN (2 times)
MS (2 times)
NT (2 times)
2017 The Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Parameters in Serum Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Treated with II-Line Immunomodulatory Therapy.