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Abbreviation: FG
Appearance Frequency: 2915 time(s)
Long forms: 499

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Fluorogold
(399 times)
Neurology
(196 times)
RGCs (35 times)
DRG (26 times)
CGRP (23 times)
1988 Hippocampal neurons grafted to newborn rats establish efferent commissural connections.
Fluoro-Gold
(314 times)
Neurology
(134 times)
DRG (32 times)
CGRP (23 times)
FB (18 times)
1986 Some projections of dynorphin-immunoreactive neurons in the rat central nervous system.
fasting glucose
(241 times)
Endocrinology
(66 times)
BMI (38 times)
TG (34 times)
TC (27 times)
1999 Comparison of ADA and WHO screening methods for diabetes mellitus in obese patients. American Diabetes Association.
fusiform gyrus
(180 times)
Neurology
(52 times)
fMRI (28 times)
STG (14 times)
ASD (12 times)
1998 Neural processing of words in the human extrastriate visual cortex.
fibrin glue
(175 times)
General Surgery
(58 times)
FGF-1 (8 times)
BMSCs (6 times)
HA (6 times)
1987 A quantitative and qualitative comparison of fibrin glue, albumin, and blood as agents to pretreat porous vascular grafts.
Fournier's gangrene
(161 times)
Urology
(35 times)
FGSI (27 times)
DM (11 times)
UFGSI (9 times)
1994 [Fournier's gangrene secondary to anorectal trauma].
focus groups
(103 times)
Public Health
(16 times)
MSM (3 times)
QOL (3 times)
CKD (2 times)
1999 Medicaid recipients' experiences under mandatory managed care.
fast glycolytic
(76 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
FOG (61 times)
SO (60 times)
MG (6 times)
1984 Capillarization, mitochondrial densities, oxygen diffusion distances and innervation of red and white muscle of the lizard Dipsosaurus dorsalis.
fast-twitch glycolytic
(74 times)
Physiology
(28 times)
FOG (62 times)
SO (57 times)
SDH (10 times)
1976 Ultrastructural alterations in skeletal muscle fibers of streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
10  Ferriman-Gallwey
(51 times)
Endocrinology
(20 times)
PCOS (33 times)
BMI (13 times)
SHBG (8 times)
1994 Physiological estrogen replacement may enhance the effectiveness of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in the treatment of hirsutism.
11  functional group
(37 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
MBFG (5 times)
IG (3 times)
MFG (3 times)
1986 Kidney graft rejection studies with labeled platelets and lymphocytes.
12  fish gelatin
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
GA (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
WVP (3 times)
2008 Proteolytic degradation of cold-water fish gelatin solutions and gels.
13  fluorinated graphene
(28 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
XPS (4 times)
EPR (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2014 Fluorination of graphene: a spectroscopic and microscopic study.
14  fast-growing
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
SG (17 times)
AI (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1977 Thermal transitions in the adhesiveness of HeLa cells: effects of cell growth, trypsin treatment and calcium.
15  female gametophyte
(19 times)
Botany
(10 times)
PT (3 times)
MG (2 times)
amc (1 time)
2002 Mitochondrial GFA2 is required for synergid cell death in Arabidopsis.
16  floating gate
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
CG (4 times)
FET (3 times)
CnuMOS (2 times)
2004 Depletion type floating gate p-channel MOS transistor for recording action potentials generated by cultured neurons.
17  fine-grained
(18 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
CG (16 times)
MD (3 times)
NEMD (2 times)
2012 Solvating atomic level fine-grained proteins in supra-molecular level coarse-grained water for molecular dynamics simulations.
18  first-generation
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
SG (6 times)
Ad (2 times)
CG (2 times)
0 Broadening Participation in the Life Sciences with Social-Psychological Interventions.
19  fasting blood glucose
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HDL-C (4 times)
BP (3 times)
HOMA-IR (3 times)
1992 [Median-term (4 months) treatment with glibenclamide + metformin substituting for glibenclamide + fenformin lowers the lacticemia levels in type-2 diabetics (NIDDM)].
20  ferric gluconate
(15 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
FCM (5 times)
Hb (4 times)
ID (4 times)
2006 Association of different intravenous iron preparations with risk of bacteremia in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
21  functionally graded
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ACLD (1 time)
CAD-CAM (1 time)
EMX (1 time)
2006 Hybrid damping of smart, functionally graded plates using piezoelectric, fiber-reinforced composites.
22  flaxseed gum
(14 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
SPI (2 times)
WVP (2 times)
XG (2 times)
2011 Influence of various levels of flaxseed gum addition on the water-holding capacities of heat-induced porcine myofibrillar protein.
23  French Guiana
(13 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AV (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
2010 Incidence of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus in French Guiana: a retrospective population-based study.
24  functionalized graphene
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2011 Conductive behaviour and self-conductance characteristic of carbon nanotubes/functionalized graphene hybrid films.
25  fiberglass
(12 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
AE (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ARP (1 time)
1994 A comparison of human exposures to fiberglass with those used in a recent rat chronic inhalation study.
26  fast green
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BroB (3 times)
EB (3 times)
IC (3 times)
1965 Antigen-induced changes in lymphoid cell histones. I. Thymus.
27  Fisher grade
(11 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
SAH (8 times)
HHG (4 times)
CT (2 times)
2005 Subarachnoid hemorrhage on computed tomography scanning and the development of cerebral vasospasm: the Fisher grade revisited.
28  frontal ganglion
(11 times)
Biology
(6 times)
HG (2 times)
CCAP (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1979 Synaptic connections of the nervus connectivus in the frontal ganglion of Periplaneta americana L. (Insecta). An electron microscopic and iontophoretic study.
29  Fucosylated glycosaminoglycan
(11 times)
Polysaccharides
(2 times)
FucS (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
2013 Anti-HIV-1 activity and structure-activity-relationship study of a fucosylated glycosaminoglycan from an echinoderm by targeting the conserved CD4 induced epitope.
30  filamentous growth
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
HOG (6 times)
MAPK (4 times)
MAPKs (2 times)
2000 Aspergillus SteA (sterile12-like) is a homeodomain-C2/H2-Zn+2 finger transcription factor required for sexual reproduction.
31  fluorescein glucuronide
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
BRB (4 times)
DVF (3 times)
VFP (2 times)
1986 Fluorescein and fluorescein glucuronide pharmacokinetics after intravenous injection.
32  free gossypol
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
CSM (8 times)
TG (4 times)
WCS (3 times)
1995 Effects of free gossypol in the diet of pregnant and postpartum Brahman cows on calf development and cow performance.
33  flounder gill
(8 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
LCDV (3 times)
CPE (1 time)
CTB (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and teratogenicity of marine sediments from Qingdao coastal areas using in vitro fish cell assay, comet assay and zebrafish embryo test.
34  fluorographene
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
CV (1 time)
DMF (1 time)
F-graphite (1 time)
2014 Solvothermally exfoliated fluorographene for high-performance lithium primary batteries.
35  fluoroscopy-guided
(8 times)
Urology
(3 times)
PCNL (3 times)
RA (3 times)
SFR (2 times)
2012 Occupational radiation doses to operators performing fluoroscopically-guided procedures.
36  Fructus Gardeniae
(8 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
AST (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
1996 [Protective effect of fructus gardeniae on pancreatic subcellular organs of the acute pancreatitis in rats].
37  fermented ginseng
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
JNK (3 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
ERK (2 times)
2010 Protective effects of fermented ginseng on streptozotocin-induced pancreatic beta-cell damage through inhibition of NF-kappaB.
38  figure-ground
(7 times)
Cognitive Science
(4 times)
BO (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
FSs (1 time)
2006 A test of the salience asymmetry interpretation of the alcohol-IAT.
39  flaxseed group
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CG (7 times)
ECG (1 time)
EFG (1 time)
2010 Maternal consumption of flaxseed during lactation affects weight and hemoglobin level of offspring in rats.
40  football group
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
CG (3 times)
ANS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2010 Performance enhancements and muscular adaptations of a 16-week recreational football intervention for untrained women.
41  French gauge
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CMS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EELV (1 time)
1988 Endoscopic management of malignant biliary obstruction: stents of 10 French gauge are preferable to stents of 8 French gauge.
42  Fuhrman grade
(7 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RCC (4 times)
HR (3 times)
CSM (2 times)
2009 Partial versus radical nephrectomy in patients with adverse clinical or pathologic characteristics.
43  fasciculata-glomerulosa
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
3 beta-HSD (3 times)
PI (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1991 Effects of RU 486 on adrenal steroidogenesis in the guinea-pig.
44  fasciculus gracilis
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
dCST (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FC (1 time)
1984 Topographical anatomy of the posterior columns of the spinal cord in man. The long ascending fibres.
45  fasting plasma glucose
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
3'UTRs (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2007 Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
46  fenugreek gum
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
BSA (1 time)
CFG (1 time)
Delta Ha (1 time)
2011 Physicochemical characteristics of soy protein isolate and fenugreek gum dispersed systems.
47  flavonoid glycosides
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
GB (1 time)
GBE (1 time)
MA-co-DVB (1 time)
2006 Difference in plasma metabolite concentration after ingestion of lemon flavonoids and their aglycones in humans.
48  Flemish Giant
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CN (3 times)
NC (3 times)
NN (3 times)
1983 Characterization of straightbred and crossbred rabbits for milk production and associative traits.
49  free glycerol
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
TG (3 times)
FFA (2 times)
DM (1 time)
1975 Effect of glucose on lipolysis and on release of lipolytic products in isolated adipocytes.
50  fully guided
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
FH (4 times)
PG (4 times)
AGD (2 times)
2015 Three-Dimensional Evaluation of Implant Bed Preparation and the Influence on Primary Implant Stability After Using 2 Different Surgical Techniques.
51  fast-twitch glycolytic fibres
(5 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
FOG (5 times)
SO (4 times)
CK (1 time)
1979 Loss of thick filaments from fast-twitch glucolytic muscle fibers of the pigeon pectoralis after chronic administration of dantrolene sodium.
52  fasting
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
i-IFG (2 times)
OGTT (2 times)
PPG (2 times)
2004 Flexible treatment of gestational diabetes modulated on ultrasound evaluation of intrauterine growth: a controlled randomized clinical trial.
53  fatigue group
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CG (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
NFG (2 times)
2007 Physical fatigue affects gait characteristics in older persons.
54  feed-grade
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AG (3 times)
RG (2 times)
RBV (1 time)
1989 Bioavailability of manganese from feed grade manganese oxides for broiler chicks.
55  feminizing genitoplasty
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
BIDQ (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
DVISS (1 time)
2007 Feminizing genitoplasty in adult transsexuals: early and long-term surgical results.
56  fenugreek
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ALF (1 time)
BMS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2009 Effect of organic acids and plant extracts on Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimurium in broth culture model and chicken meat systems.
57  Ferriman-Gallwey score
(5 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
PCOS (4 times)
PSA (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
2007 Is prostate-specific antigen a potential new marker of androgen excess in polycystic ovary syndrome?
58  field generator
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
EM (3 times)
US (3 times)
AFG (1 time)
2012 Electromagnetic tracking for US-guided interventions: standardized assessment of a new compact field generator.
59  flake graphite
(5 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
CNTs (2 times)
AG (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2015 A plum-pudding like mesoporous SiO2/flake graphite nanocomposite with superior rate performance for LIB anode materials.
60  fluorescein gold
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
EA (1 time)
hUCBSCs (1 time)
2010 [Lithium chloride combined with human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for treatment of spinal cord injury in rats].
61  food grade
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
ENMs (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2006 Development of food grade media for the preparation of Lactobacillus plantarum starter culture.
62  foreground
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BG (4 times)
FA (2 times)
AMY (1 time)
2009 Complementary DNA microarray image processing based on the fuzzy gaussian mixture model.
63  fusion gene
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CG (2 times)
EAC (2 times)
MRD (2 times)
2003 Evaluation of candidate control genes for diagnosis and residual disease detection in leukemic patients using 'real-time' quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) - a Europe against cancer program.
64  Fast-glycogenolytic fibres
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FOG (4 times)
SO (3 times)
ARS (1 time)
1983 Fibre type specific transformations in the enzyme activity pattern of rat vastus lateralis muscle by prolonged endurance training.
65  fasting glucose level
(4 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
DP (2 times)
2hG (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
2003 Effect of fasting glucose levels on mortality rate in patients with and without diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.
66  fat grafting
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ADSC (1 time)
MIRPE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2015 Early Fat Grafting for Augmentation of Orbitozygomatic Region in Treacher Collins Syndrome.
67  fentanyl group
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
FNG (1 time)
1996 Intravenous ketamine or fentanyl prolongs postoperative analgesia after intrathecal neostigmine.
68  fermented grains
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
buk (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
2014 Spatial distribution of bacterial communities and related biochemical properties in Luzhou-flavor liquor-fermented grains.
69  fibro-glandular
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
2010 Optical breast cancer margin assessment: an observational study of the effects of tissue heterogeneity on optical contrast.
70  filtration gradient
(4 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
IAP (4 times)
APP (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
2006 [The role of portal hypertension and colloid-osmotic blood pressure in the pathogenesis of ascitis in patients with hepatic cyrrhosis].
71  Finsler geometry
(4 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
HP (1 time)
LCE (1 time)
LCEs (1 time)
2017 J-shaped stress-strain diagram of collagen fibers: Frame tension of triangulated surfaces with fixed boundaries.
72  flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LCDV (3 times)
mAbs (3 times)
VAP (2 times)
2012 Monoclonal antibodies against 27.8 kDa protein receptor efficiently block lymphocystis disease virus infection in flounder Paralichthys olivaceus gill cells.
73  follicular gastritis
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
H. pylori (1 time)
HP (1 time)
IgH (1 time)
1992 Follicular gastritis and its association with Helicobacter pylori infection.
74  foregut
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MG (2 times)
Nt (2 times)
AHG (1 time)
1999 Relationship of the notochord to foregut development in the fetal rat model of esophageal atresia.
75  formed by phenylalanine-glycine
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
NPCs (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2007 Domain topology of the p62 complex within the 3-D architecture of the nuclear pore complex.
76  function-graded
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
Ti (3 times)
FE (2 times)
SS (2 times)
2010 Effects of the bone-plate material and the presence of a gap between the fractured bone and plate on the predicted stresses at the fractured bone.
77  functional genomic
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2005 Genome-wide introgression lines and their use in genetic and molecular dissection of complex phenotypes in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
78  failed group
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
SG (3 times)
FS (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
2010 Factors contributing to stability of protraction facemask treatment of Class III malocclusion.
79  failure group
(3 times)
Maxillofacial Injuries
(1 time)
SG (2 times)
FGA (1 time)
FGB (1 time)
2007 Tension-free vaginal tape: poor intraoperative cough test as a predictor of postoperative urinary retention.
80  fair game
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
EX (3 times)
OC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2019 Cerebral responses to self-initiated action during social interactions.
81  fast-glycogenolytic
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FOG (3 times)
SO (3 times)
1977 Glycogen, lactate, and alanine changes in muscle fiber types during graded exercise.
82  fasting glucose to insulin ratio
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PCOS (2 times)
FI (1 time)
FT (1 time)
1999 A survey of the polycystic ovary syndrome in the Greek island of Lesbos: hormonal and metabolic profile.
83  fasting serum glucose
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AGA (1 time)
ATPP (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
1980 Plasma antithrombin III and thrombin generation time: correlation with hemoglobin A1 and fasting serum glucose in young diabetic women.
84  fat graft
(3 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2012 Role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in mitochondrial depolarization and graft injury after transplantation of fatty livers.
85  fecal grab
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
RAMS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
2009 Perineal swabs reveal effect of super shedders on the transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in commercial feedlots.
86  feeding gastrostomy
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARP (1 time)
GER (1 time)
IRR (1 time)
1988 Feeding gastrostomy in neurologically impaired children: is an antireflux procedure necessary?
87  ferrite glycidyl methacrylate
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CRBN (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CK1alpha (1 time)
2015 Identification of a new pharmacological activity of the phenylpiperazine derivative naftopidil: tubulin-binding drug.
88  Ferrogels
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
MNPs (2 times)
AAm (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2018 Polyacrylamide Ferrogels with Magnetite or Strontium Hexaferrite: Next Step in the Development of Soft Biomimetic Matter for Biosensor Applications.
89  Feruloyl-sn-glycerol
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DOPC (1 time)
2016 Feruloyl glycerol and 1,3-diferuloyl glycerol antioxidant behavior in phospholipid vesicles.
90  FG-iso
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
1995 Biliary excretion of furosemide glucuronide in rabbits.
91  fibrillary glomerulopathy
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
ITG (1 time)
1996 Clinical features, predictors of disease progression and results of renal transplantation in fibrillary/immunotactoid glomerulopathy.
92  fibrous glass
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
RCF (2 times)
EDS (1 time)
MMVF (1 time)
1993 Chronic inhalation toxicity of size-separated glass fibers in Fischer 344 rats.
93  fingolimod
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IFN (2 times)
MS (2 times)
NT (2 times)
2017 The Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Parameters in Serum Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Treated with II-Line Immunomodulatory Therapy.
94  flaccidgrass
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BG (3 times)
SG (2 times)
TF (2 times)
1991 Effects of grass species on grazing steers: I. Diet composition and ingestive mastication.
95  flash graphene
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
FJH (1 time)
HER (1 time)
tFG (1 time)
2017 Induced Superaerophobicity onto a Non-superaerophobic Catalytic Surface for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Reaction.
96  fluoride gel
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
FR (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1992 Fluoride concentrations in plaque, whole saliva, and ductal saliva after application of home-use topical fluorides [published eerratum appears in J Dent Res 1993 Jan;72(1):87].
97  Fluoro-Gold solution
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DRG (3 times)
ATF3 (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
2008 The characteristics of dorsal-root ganglia and sensory innervation of the hip in rats.
98  fluoroscopic guidance
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2009 Fluoroscopy vs. traditional guided femoral arterial access and the use of closure devices: a randomized controlled trial.
99  flux gradient
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
BLS (1 time)
IHF (1 time)
2009 Measuring eddy covariance fluxes of ozone with a slow-response analyser.
100  foenum-graecum
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
Alc (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
GK (1 time)
2002 Evaluation of anti-hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn, Ocimum sanctum Linn and Pterocarpus marsupium Linn in normal and alloxanized diabetic rats.