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Abbreviation: FL
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Long forms: 685

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
follicular lymphoma
(1976 times)
Neoplasms
(744 times)
DLBCL (380 times)
OS (247 times)
PFS (220 times)
1979 Follicular (nodular) lymphoma in childhood: a rare clinical-pathological entity. Report of eight cases from four cancer centers.
fluorescence
(611 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(113 times)
PA (38 times)
QDs (33 times)
NIR (25 times)
1977 The frequency of para-azophenylarsonate and dimethylaminonapthalene-sulfonyl-specific B cells in neonatal and adult BALB/c mice.
femur length
(323 times)
Obstetrics
(149 times)
AC (214 times)
BPD (214 times)
HC (155 times)
1974 Correlated response in skeletal traits and replicate variation in selected lines of mice.
full-length
(248 times)
Molecular Biology
(42 times)
HCV (9 times)
CT (8 times)
TF (8 times)
1988 A novel strategy for one-step cloning of full-length cDNA and its application to the genome of barley stripe mosaic virus.
fetal liver
(238 times)
Hematology
(87 times)
BM (68 times)
HSCs (34 times)
HSC (30 times)
1976 Fetal hemopoiesis in diffusion chamber cultures. I. The pattern of pluripotent stem cell growth.
Flt-3 ligand
(147 times)
Hematology
(73 times)
SCF (59 times)
TPO (51 times)
CB (29 times)
1995 FLK-2/FLT-3 ligand regulates the growth of early myeloid progenitors isolated from human fetal liver.
fidelity level
(126 times)
Social Sciences
(95 times)
UV (67 times)
ICF (49 times)
RFC (35 times)
1986 A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev desert, Israel.
false lumen
(111 times)
General Surgery
(63 times)
TL (36 times)
TEVAR (29 times)
CT (20 times)
1997 The dissected aorta: percutaneous treatment of ischemic complications--principles and results.
fatty liver
(103 times)
Gastroenterology
(27 times)
NAFLD (21 times)
NASH (19 times)
BMI (10 times)
1984 Single-dose ceftriaxone kinetics in liver insufficiency.
10  foot length
(56 times)
Biology
(17 times)
CRL (5 times)
GA (5 times)
TL (4 times)
1991 Rapid biometric assessment of gestational age in very low birth weight infants.
11  fascicle length
(52 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
PA (31 times)
MT (19 times)
VL (10 times)
2006 The effect of ultrasound probe orientation on muscle architecture measurement.
12  free-living
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
PA (32 times)
BCC (3 times)
INS (3 times)
1995 Ruminal microbial digestion in free-living, in captive lichen-fed, and in starved reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) in winter.
13  fraction length
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
SPECT (7 times)
MUCP (6 times)
NSCLC (5 times)
1989 Anorectal abnormalities in progressive systemic sclerosis.
14  frontal lobe
(41 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
HC (4 times)
MTL (4 times)
PFC (4 times)
1992 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and the frontal lobe syndrome.
15  farmer's lung
(40 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(26 times)
BAL (5 times)
HRCT (4 times)
HP (3 times)
1982 Antigenic determinants on B cells of farmer's lung patients.
16  Florida
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
CA (7 times)
GA (6 times)
LA (5 times)
1997 Analysis of immunological cross-protection and sensitivities to anticoccidial drugs among five geographical and temporal strains of Eimeria maxima.
17  fuzzy logic
(37 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
ANN (5 times)
GA (5 times)
GAs (3 times)
1996 First use of cognitive algorithms in investigations under compensated gravity.
18  foreign language
(36 times)
Psychology
(18 times)
LD (6 times)
EFL (4 times)
NL (4 times)
1993 Factors affecting the learning of foreign language vocabulary: imagery keyword mediators and phonological short-term memory.
19  femoral length
(35 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
BPD (12 times)
AC (7 times)
GA (5 times)
1990 Effectiveness of ultrasound determination of fetal abdominal circumference and fetal ponderal index in the diagnosis of asymmetrical growth retardation.
20  fluoranthene
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
PAHs (21 times)
BaP (15 times)
BkF (8 times)
1980 Mutagenic and chemical assay of extracts of airborne particulates.
21  firefly luciferase
(31 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
TSTA (8 times)
RL (6 times)
BLI (3 times)
1993 Import of firefly luciferase into peroxisomes of permeabilized Chinese hamster ovary cells: a model system to study peroxisomal protein import in vitro.
22  flow limitation
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(18 times)
NEP (10 times)
IC (5 times)
COPD (3 times)
1989 Critical pressures required for generation of forced expiratory wheezes.
23  fiber length
(30 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FS (6 times)
FA (5 times)
FU (4 times)
1989 Contractile function of single muscle fibers after hindlimb suspension.
24  follicular
(28 times)
Hematology
(13 times)
DLBCL (11 times)
NHL (8 times)
MCL (6 times)
1994 Identification of genetic lesions associated with diffuse large-cell lymphoma.
25  fluorescent light
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
WL (4 times)
UV (3 times)
5-ALA (2 times)
1977 Mechanisms for sister chromatid exchanges and their relation to the production of chromosomal aberrations.
26  fructoselysine
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CML (6 times)
AGEs (5 times)
LAL (4 times)
1989 The effect of Maillard reaction products on zinc metabolism in the rat.
27  functional limitations
(26 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
OS (9 times)
OHRQoL (8 times)
SWB (6 times)
1994 Functional limitation after major trauma: a more sensitive assessment using the Quality of Well-being scale--the trauma recovery pilot project.
28  filtration leukapheresis
(25 times)
Hematology
(20 times)
CFC (8 times)
CFCL (3 times)
IFC (3 times)
1975 [Leukocyte transfusion. An overview].
29  fascia lata
(23 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
ALT (5 times)
SCR (3 times)
SIS (3 times)
2005 Repair of urethral defects using fascia lata autografts in dogs.
30  fluorescence imaging
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
BUT (6 times)
MRI (4 times)
PA (3 times)
1993 A comparative study of four different staining methods for estimation of live yeast form cells of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.
31  fluoroscopy
(23 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
US (14 times)
VNS (5 times)
CT (3 times)
1986 Percutaneous fine needle biopsy of abdominal and pelvic lesions. Passes necessary for secure diagnosis with fluoroscopy and CT-guidance.
32  fluorescence spectroscopy
(21 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
XRD (7 times)
TEM (5 times)
BL (3 times)
1983 Fluorescence microscopical visualization of elastic fibres using basic fuchsin.
33  fluoxetine
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
5-HT (2 times)
DMI (2 times)
DOI (2 times)
1990 Influence of dose and route of administration on the kinetics of fluoxetine and its metabolite norfluoxetine in the rat.
34  flutamide
(18 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DHT (3 times)
TP (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1983 Hormonal control of a developing neuromuscular system. I. Complete Demasculinization of the male rat spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus using the anti-androgen flutamide.
35  forelimb
(18 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HL (12 times)
AA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1972 Synaptic actions of peripheral nerve impulses upon Deiters neurones via the climbing fibre afferents.
36  fecal lactoferrin
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
CD (7 times)
IBD (7 times)
FC (5 times)
2001 Clostridium difficile toxin and faecal lactoferrin assays in adult patients.
37  fluorouracil plus leucovorin
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
OS (5 times)
CRC (4 times)
DFS (4 times)
2004 Oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin as adjuvant treatment for colon cancer.
38  follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
(16 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
CLL (2 times)
CR (2 times)
FLIPI (2 times)
1995 Environmental factors may regulate BCL2 associated lymphomagenesis: a very low incidence of BCL2-MBR translocation in Poland.
39  failure load
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMD (6 times)
DXA (4 times)
RMSE (4 times)
2006 Structural analysis of trabecular bone of the proximal femur using multislice computed tomography: a comparison with dual X-ray absorptiometry for predicting biomechanical strength in vitro.
40  fibularis longus
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
TA (7 times)
CAI (5 times)
SOL (4 times)
2012 Ankle muscle activation in people with haemophilia.
41  fluorescence lifetime
(14 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
9-ACA (1 time)
9-AMA (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2008 Limit of accuracy for fluorescence lifetime temperature sensing.
42  fusion loop
(14 times)
Virology
(3 times)
DENV (7 times)
mAbs (3 times)
ZIKV (3 times)
2013 High-avidity and potently neutralizing cross-reactive human monoclonal antibodies derived from secondary dengue virus infection.
43  flavonoids
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TP (3 times)
PP (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
2000 Isolation and characterization of cDNAs expressed in the early stages of flavonol-induced pollen germination in petunia.
44  flocculus
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DCN (3 times)
PFL (3 times)
VP (3 times)
1992 [Development of human cerebellar granular layer: a morphometric study].
45  N(epsilon)-fructoselysine
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CML (7 times)
PYR (3 times)
AGE (2 times)
1990 Influence of processing on protein quality.
46  fixation loss
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
FP (10 times)
FN (9 times)
VF (8 times)
2000 Influence of stage of glaucoma, age and examination time on reliability parameters in computed perimetry with Dicon TKS 4000.
47  fluconazole
(12 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AP (4 times)
FC (4 times)
IT (3 times)
1999 Antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates at the American University of Beirut Medical Center.
48  fluorescent lamps
(12 times)
Biology
(3 times)
LED (2 times)
LEDs (2 times)
BSAS (1 time)
1987 A quantitative analysis of cell allocation to trophectoderm and inner cell mass in the mouse blastocyst.
49  Friend leukemia
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
DMSO (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1975 Synthesis of erythrocyte-specific proteins in cultured friend leukemia cells.
50  Federated learning
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
IoT (3 times)
ADC (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
2020 Federated Learning for Vehicular Internet of Things: Recent Advances and Open Issues.
51  fluctuating light
(11 times)
Botany
(7 times)
FDPs (2 times)
FR (2 times)
NPQ (2 times)
2016 The Flavodiiron Protein Flv3 Functions as a Homo-Oligomer During Stress Acclimation and is Distinct from the Flv1/Flv3 Hetero-Oligomer Specific to the O2 Photoreduction Pathway.
52  focal lesions
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
MM (7 times)
CT (3 times)
FDG (3 times)
2001 Myocardial injury during radiofrequency catheter ablation: comparison of focal and linear lesions.
53  follower load
(11 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
FE (5 times)
IDP (3 times)
LBP (2 times)
2010 A non-optimized follower load path may cause considerable intervertebral rotations.
54  Friend erythroleukemia
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
DMSO (4 times)
RA (3 times)
PY (2 times)
1977 Increased carbonic anhydrase activity in Friend erythroleukemia cells during DMSO-stimulated erythroid differentiation and its inhibition by BrdU.
55  fusogenic liposomes
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CTL (2 times)
OVA (2 times)
Ag (1 time)
1996 Efficient gene transfer into mammalian cells using fusogenic liposome.
56  feeding level
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
FF (3 times)
PD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2006 Effects of feeding frequency and feeding level on nutrient utilization in heavy preruminant calves.
57  flapless
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
FT (5 times)
ECL (1 time)
EGD (1 time)
2009 Clinical outcome and bone preservation of single TiUnite™ implants installed with flapless or flap surgery.
58  fluorescence detection
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
HPLC (3 times)
RPLC (2 times)
AP1 (1 time)
1996 Enrichment of benzo[a]pyrene in smoked food products and determination by high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection.
59  freeze-lesion
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
EPSCs (3 times)
DCMs (2 times)
LSPS (2 times)
2009 Temporal and topographic alterations in expression of the alpha3 isoform of Na+, K(+)-ATPase in the rat freeze lesion model of microgyria and epileptogenesis.
60  femtosecond laser
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CPS (2 times)
FLACS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2015 Eye Bank-Prepared Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Automated Descemet Membrane Endothelial Grafts.
61  fetal loss
(9 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
RM (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2004 Inherited thrombophilia, pregnancy, and oral contraceptive use: clinical implications.
62  few-layer
(9 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(2 times)
FETs (2 times)
CD (1 time)
DUV (1 time)
2015 Damage evaluation in graphene underlying atomic layer deposition dielectrics.
63  first-line
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SL (8 times)
OS (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Frequency of recurrence among infants with supraventricular tachycardia and comparison of recurrence rates among those with and without preexcitation and among those with and without response to digoxin and/or propranolol therapy.
64  flow-limited
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
NEP (5 times)
NFL (5 times)
COPD (4 times)
1997 Expiratory flow limitation in COPD patients after single lung transplantation.
65  fluorescein sodium
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
BBB (3 times)
CM (2 times)
HGG (2 times)
2015 Fluorescein sodium-guided resection of cerebral metastases—experience with the first 30 patients.
66  food literacy
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
NL (4 times)
HL (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
2018 The relationship of health/food literacy and salt awareness to daily sodium and potassium intake among a workplace population in Switzerland.
67  FreeLight
(9 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
EL (8 times)
TL (7 times)
LED (6 times)
2003 Effectiveness of composite cure associated with different curing modes of LED lights.
68  Fermi liquid
(8 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
NFL (3 times)
CESR (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2005 Temperature and magnetic-field-enhanced hall slope of a dilute 2D hole system in the ballistic regime.
69  fibrinolysis
(8 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
PCI (3 times)
PPCI (3 times)
STEMI (2 times)
1991 [Percutaneous recanalization of pelvic artery occlusions--fibrinolysis, PTA, stents].
70  fictive locomotion
(8 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BCAC (1 time)
2011 The locomotor central pattern generator of the rat spinal cord in vitro is optimally activated by noisy dorsal root waveforms.
71  fluid loading
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
SV (2 times)
1993 Simulation of the fluid retention effects of a vasopressin analog using the Guyton model of circulation.
72  flumazenil
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
BDZ (2 times)
BZ (2 times)
1992 [The action of flumazenil in combination with fentanyl on spontaneous respiration].
73  fluorescein-labeled
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
cERE (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1987 Independent regulation of human neutrophil chemotactic receptors after activation.
74  follicular lesion
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
UC (2 times)
ACUS (1 time)
AUS (1 time)
2003 Follicular hyperplasia, follicular lysis, and progressive transformation of germinal centers. A sequential spectrum of morphologic evolution in lymphoid hyperplasia.
75  Fuji II LC
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
GICs (3 times)
AD (2 times)
AM (2 times)
1998 Water sorption in resin-modified glass-ionomer cements: an in vitro comparison with other materials.
76  facial lobe
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HRP (2 times)
BLs (1 time)
ll (1 time)
1986 Morphological evidence for a direct projection of trigeminal nerve fibers to the primary gustatory center in the sea catfish Plotosus anguillaris.
77  flash
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PR (5 times)
VEP (2 times)
BIO (1 time)
1985 The relationship between visual seizures and visual evoked potentials.
78  Flos Lonicerae
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
FLJ (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
ALT/AST (1 time)
2005 [Study of flos lonicerae in local herbs and other areas by FTIR spectrum].
79  flutter
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
1987 [Reduction of auricular fibrillation and tachycardia using intravenous flecainide].
80  forced-left
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FR (6 times)
NF (4 times)
DL (3 times)
2002 Age effects in dichotic listening to consonant-vowel syllables: interactions with attention.
81  fracture load
(7 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
BMC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
Ct.Ar (1 time)
2010 Assessment of the individual fracture risk of the proximal femur by using statistical appearance models.
82  Fas ligand
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IELs (3 times)
IL (2 times)
AdVs (1 time)
2000 Adenovirus-mediated transfer of p53 and Fas ligand drastically enhances apoptosis in gliomas.
83  feedback linearization
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ADRC (3 times)
AHV (1 time)
AIT2FSMC (1 time)
2014 Active disturbance rejection based trajectory linearization control for hypersonic reentry vehicle with bounded uncertainties.
84  femur diaphysis length
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
AC (6 times)
BPD (6 times)
HC (5 times)
2009 Measurement error for ultrasound fetal biometry performed by paramedics in rural Bangladesh.
85  fibroblast-like
(6 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ML (1 time)
VTM (1 time)
1968 Effect of hydrocortisone on growth in vitro of fibroblast-like (FL) cells derived from rat organs.
86  flanking regions
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IRE (3 times)
apoB (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1990 Ferritin mRNA translation, structure, and gene transcription during development of animals and plants.
87  flexible laryngoscopy
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
VF (2 times)
C-Mac VL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1997 Role of flexible laryngoscopy in evaluating aspiration.
88  flumequine
(6 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
PB (2 times)
DEHP (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2002 Susceptibility of liver proliferative lesions in heterozygous p53 deficient CBA mice to various carcinogens.
89  flurbiprofen
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CL (2 times)
IB (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1994 Enhanced albumin protein separations and protein-drug binding constant measurements using anti-inflammatory drugs as run buffer additives in affinity capillary electrophoresis.
90  follicular B-cell lymphoma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DLBCL (3 times)
NHL (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
1995 Fluorescence in situ hybridization identifies new chromosomal changes involving 3q27 in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with BCL6/LAZ3 rearrangement.
91  fragment length
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NCF (2 times)
TTF (2 times)
Bgt (1 time)
1995 [Ki-ras mutation as a molecular tumor marker for carcinoma of the pancreas].
92  HPLC-fluorescence
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
DIB-Cl (2 times)
Ang I (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2002 A method to evaluate the renin-angiotensin system in rat renal cortex using a microdialysis technique combined with HPLC-fluorescence detection.
93  anti-fluorescein
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CTL (1 time)
EY-EA (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
1989 Hierarchy of cytotoxic T cell clones. II. Intraclonal triggering of lysis by hapten-specific CTL.
94  faciolingual
(5 times)
Orthodontics
(4 times)
MD (5 times)
MnP-TSD (2 times)
CEJ (1 time)
1984 Tooth morphology and lower incisor alignment many years after orthodontic therapy.
95  falciform ligament
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CaCF (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
2006 The falciform ligament in the echocardiographic diagnosis of ascites.
96  fast learning
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SL (4 times)
NL (2 times)
BSNs (1 time)
1991 Paradoxical sleep increases predict successful learning in a complex operant task.
97  feet and leg
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
BS (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2006 Genetic and phenotypic relationships among locomotion type traits, profit, production, longevity, and fertility in Spanish dairy cows.
98  fiber laser
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BE (1 time)
BQ (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
2003 Expression of kynurenine aminotransferases in the rat retina during development.
99  fibrolamellar
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HCC (3 times)
AFP (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
1993 Liver transplantation for primary hepatocellular carcinoma: tumor size and number determine outcome.
100  flexion
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
Ex (3 times)
ROM (2 times)
ABD (1 time)
2008 The use of surface strain data and a neural networks solution method to determine lumbar facet joint loads during in vitro spine testing.