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Abbreviation: FL
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Long forms: 749

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
follicular lymphoma
(2188 times)
Neoplasms
(816 times)
DLBCL (440 times)
OS (268 times)
PFS (249 times)
1979 Follicular (nodular) lymphoma in childhood: a rare clinical-pathological entity. Report of eight cases from four cancer centers.
fluorescence
(724 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(133 times)
PA (47 times)
QDs (37 times)
NIR (35 times)
1977 The frequency of para-azophenylarsonate and dimethylaminonapthalene-sulfonyl-specific B cells in neonatal and adult BALB/c mice.
femur length
(350 times)
Obstetrics
(153 times)
AC (235 times)
BPD (232 times)
HC (172 times)
1974 Correlated response in skeletal traits and replicate variation in selected lines of mice.
full-length
(269 times)
Molecular Biology
(44 times)
AS (11 times)
HCV (9 times)
tr (9 times)
1988 A novel strategy for one-step cloning of full-length cDNA and its application to the genome of barley stripe mosaic virus.
fetal liver
(248 times)
Hematology
(89 times)
BM (73 times)
HSCs (38 times)
HSC (30 times)
1976 Fetal hemopoiesis in diffusion chamber cultures. I. The pattern of pluripotent stem cell growth.
false lumen
(152 times)
General Surgery
(79 times)
TL (48 times)
TEVAR (39 times)
AD (25 times)
1997 The dissected aorta: percutaneous treatment of ischemic complications--principles and results.
fidelity level
(148 times)
Social Sciences
(100 times)
UV (71 times)
ICF (61 times)
RFC (42 times)
1986 A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev desert, Israel.
Flt-3 ligand
(147 times)
Hematology
(73 times)
SCF (59 times)
TPO (51 times)
CB (29 times)
1995 FLK-2/FLT-3 ligand regulates the growth of early myeloid progenitors isolated from human fetal liver.
fatty liver
(117 times)
Gastroenterology
(29 times)
NAFLD (25 times)
NASH (19 times)
BMI (12 times)
1984 Single-dose ceftriaxone kinetics in liver insufficiency.
10  foot length
(64 times)
Biology
(17 times)
CRL (5 times)
GA (5 times)
BW (4 times)
1991 Rapid biometric assessment of gestational age in very low birth weight infants.
11  fascicle length
(60 times)
Physiology
(27 times)
PA (35 times)
MT (21 times)
VL (13 times)
2006 The effect of ultrasound probe orientation on muscle architecture measurement.
12  free-living
(59 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
PA (42 times)
ARGs (4 times)
BCC (3 times)
1995 Ruminal microbial digestion in free-living, in captive lichen-fed, and in starved reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) in winter.
13  Florida
(54 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
CA (9 times)
LA (7 times)
NY (7 times)
1997 Analysis of immunological cross-protection and sensitivities to anticoccidial drugs among five geographical and temporal strains of Eimeria maxima.
14  federated learning
(50 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(10 times)
ML (12 times)
DL (7 times)
IoT (6 times)
2020 Federated Learning for Vehicular Internet of Things: Recent Advances and Open Issues.
15  fuzzy logic
(50 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
ANN (8 times)
GA (7 times)
AI (5 times)
1996 First use of cognitive algorithms in investigations under compensated gravity.
16  fraction length
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
SPECT (7 times)
MUCP (6 times)
NSCLC (5 times)
1989 Anorectal abnormalities in progressive systemic sclerosis.
17  frontal lobe
(44 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
TL (6 times)
HC (4 times)
MTL (4 times)
1992 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and the frontal lobe syndrome.
18  foreign language
(41 times)
Psychology
(19 times)
LD (6 times)
NL (6 times)
EFL (4 times)
1993 Factors affecting the learning of foreign language vocabulary: imagery keyword mediators and phonological short-term memory.
19  farmer's lung
(40 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(26 times)
BAL (5 times)
HRCT (4 times)
HP (3 times)
1982 Antigenic determinants on B cells of farmer's lung patients.
20  fiber length
(38 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FS (8 times)
FA (5 times)
FU (4 times)
1989 Contractile function of single muscle fibers after hindlimb suspension.
21  femoral length
(37 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
BPD (13 times)
AC (8 times)
HC (6 times)
1990 Effectiveness of ultrasound determination of fetal abdominal circumference and fetal ponderal index in the diagnosis of asymmetrical growth retardation.
22  fluoranthene
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
PAHs (22 times)
BaP (16 times)
BkF (8 times)
1980 Mutagenic and chemical assay of extracts of airborne particulates.
23  flow limitation
(33 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(20 times)
NEP (10 times)
IC (5 times)
COPD (3 times)
1989 Critical pressures required for generation of forced expiratory wheezes.
24  fluorescein staining
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
BUT (14 times)
MRI (5 times)
OSDI (5 times)
1993 A comparative study of four different staining methods for estimation of live yeast form cells of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.
25  fluorescent light
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
WL (6 times)
5-ALA (3 times)
CIS (3 times)
1977 Mechanisms for sister chromatid exchanges and their relation to the production of chromosomal aberrations.
26  functional limitations
(32 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
OS (10 times)
OHRQoL (9 times)
EWB (6 times)
1994 Functional limitation after major trauma: a more sensitive assessment using the Quality of Well-being scale--the trauma recovery pilot project.
27  firefly luciferase
(31 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
TSTA (8 times)
RL (6 times)
BLI (3 times)
1993 Import of firefly luciferase into peroxisomes of permeabilized Chinese hamster ovary cells: a model system to study peroxisomal protein import in vitro.
28  follicular
(30 times)
Hematology
(13 times)
DLBCL (11 times)
NHL (8 times)
MCL (6 times)
1994 Identification of genetic lesions associated with diffuse large-cell lymphoma.
29  fluoroscopy
(29 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
US (18 times)
VNS (6 times)
ODI (5 times)
1986 Percutaneous fine needle biopsy of abdominal and pelvic lesions. Passes necessary for secure diagnosis with fluoroscopy and CT-guidance.
30  fructoselysine
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CML (7 times)
AGEs (5 times)
LAL (4 times)
1989 The effect of Maillard reaction products on zinc metabolism in the rat.
31  fascia lata
(26 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
ALT (5 times)
SCR (3 times)
SIS (3 times)
2005 Repair of urethral defects using fascia lata autografts in dogs.
32  filtration leukapheresis
(25 times)
Hematology
(20 times)
CFC (8 times)
CFCL (3 times)
IFC (3 times)
1975 [Leukocyte transfusion. An overview].
33  fluorescence spectroscopy
(23 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
XRD (8 times)
TEM (5 times)
FTIR (4 times)
1983 Fluorescence microscopical visualization of elastic fibres using basic fuchsin.
34  failure load
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
BMD (9 times)
HR-pQCT (6 times)
DXA (5 times)
2006 Structural analysis of trabecular bone of the proximal femur using multislice computed tomography: a comparison with dual X-ray absorptiometry for predicting biomechanical strength in vitro.
35  fluoxetine
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
5-HT (2 times)
DMI (2 times)
DOI (2 times)
1990 Influence of dose and route of administration on the kinetics of fluoxetine and its metabolite norfluoxetine in the rat.
36  fluctuating light
(19 times)
Botany
(10 times)
PSI (6 times)
WWC (4 times)
CEF (3 times)
2016 The Flavodiiron Protein Flv3 Functions as a Homo-Oligomer During Stress Acclimation and is Distinct from the Flv1/Flv3 Hetero-Oligomer Specific to the O2 Photoreduction Pathway.
37  food literacy
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
NL (5 times)
HL (3 times)
CFA (1 time)
2018 The relationship of health/food literacy and salt awareness to daily sodium and potassium intake among a workplace population in Switzerland.
38  forelimb
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HL (12 times)
AA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1972 Synaptic actions of peripheral nerve impulses upon Deiters neurones via the climbing fibre afferents.
39  fecal lactoferrin
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
CD (9 times)
IBD (7 times)
FC (5 times)
2001 Clostridium difficile toxin and faecal lactoferrin assays in adult patients.
40  fluorouracil plus leucovorin
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
OS (6 times)
CRC (5 times)
DFS (4 times)
2004 Oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin as adjuvant treatment for colon cancer.
41  flutamide
(18 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DHT (3 times)
TP (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1983 Hormonal control of a developing neuromuscular system. I. Complete Demasculinization of the male rat spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus using the anti-androgen flutamide.
42  fibularis longus
(16 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
TA (7 times)
CAI (6 times)
SOL (4 times)
2012 Ankle muscle activation in people with haemophilia.
43  follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CLL (2 times)
CR (2 times)
FLIPI (2 times)
1995 Environmental factors may regulate BCL2 associated lymphomagenesis: a very low incidence of BCL2-MBR translocation in Poland.
44  fusion loop
(15 times)
Virology
(3 times)
DENV (7 times)
mAbs (3 times)
WNV (3 times)
2013 High-avidity and potently neutralizing cross-reactive human monoclonal antibodies derived from secondary dengue virus infection.
45  fluorescence lifetime
(14 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
9-ACA (1 time)
9-AMA (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2008 Limit of accuracy for fluorescence lifetime temperature sensing.
46  fluorescent lamps
(14 times)
Biology
(3 times)
LEDs (3 times)
LED (2 times)
BSAS (1 time)
1987 A quantitative analysis of cell allocation to trophectoderm and inner cell mass in the mouse blastocyst.
47  focal lesions
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
MM (8 times)
CT (4 times)
FDG (3 times)
2001 Myocardial injury during radiofrequency catheter ablation: comparison of focal and linear lesions.
48  fetal loss
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
LSTM (2 times)
RM (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2004 Inherited thrombophilia, pregnancy, and oral contraceptive use: clinical implications.
49  fixation loss
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
FP (11 times)
FN (10 times)
VF (9 times)
2000 Influence of stage of glaucoma, age and examination time on reliability parameters in computed perimetry with Dicon TKS 4000.
50  flavonoids
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TP (3 times)
PP (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
2000 Isolation and characterization of cDNAs expressed in the early stages of flavonol-induced pollen germination in petunia.
51  flocculus
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DCN (3 times)
PFL (3 times)
VP (3 times)
1992 [Development of human cerebellar granular layer: a morphometric study].
52  N(epsilon)-fructoselysine
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CML (7 times)
PYR (3 times)
AGE (2 times)
1990 Influence of processing on protein quality.
53  few-layer
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
FETs (2 times)
2DLMs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2015 Damage evaluation in graphene underlying atomic layer deposition dielectrics.
54  flapless
(12 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
FT (5 times)
ECL (2 times)
OF (2 times)
2009 Clinical outcome and bone preservation of single TiUnite™ implants installed with flapless or flap surgery.
55  fluconazole
(12 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AP (4 times)
FC (4 times)
IT (3 times)
1999 Antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates at the American University of Beirut Medical Center.
56  Friend leukemia
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
DMSO (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1975 Synthesis of erythrocyte-specific proteins in cultured friend leukemia cells.
57  first-line
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SL (9 times)
OS (6 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Frequency of recurrence among infants with supraventricular tachycardia and comparison of recurrence rates among those with and without preexcitation and among those with and without response to digoxin and/or propranolol therapy.
58  follower load
(11 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
FE (5 times)
IDP (3 times)
LBP (2 times)
2010 A non-optimized follower load path may cause considerable intervertebral rotations.
59  Friend erythroleukemia
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
DMSO (4 times)
RA (3 times)
PY (2 times)
1977 Increased carbonic anhydrase activity in Friend erythroleukemia cells during DMSO-stimulated erythroid differentiation and its inhibition by BrdU.
60  fusogenic liposomes
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CTL (2 times)
OVA (2 times)
Ag (1 time)
1996 Efficient gene transfer into mammalian cells using fusogenic liposome.
61  feeding level
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
FF (3 times)
PD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2006 Effects of feeding frequency and feeding level on nutrient utilization in heavy preruminant calves.
62  femtosecond laser
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
CPS (2 times)
FLACS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2015 Eye Bank-Prepared Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Automated Descemet Membrane Endothelial Grafts.
63  forced-left
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FR (9 times)
NF (7 times)
DL (5 times)
2002 Age effects in dichotic listening to consonant-vowel syllables: interactions with attention.
64  freeze-lesion
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
EPSCs (3 times)
DCMs (2 times)
LSPS (2 times)
2009 Temporal and topographic alterations in expression of the alpha3 isoform of Na+, K(+)-ATPase in the rat freeze lesion model of microgyria and epileptogenesis.
65  Fermi liquid
(9 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
NFL (3 times)
CESR (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2005 Temperature and magnetic-field-enhanced hall slope of a dilute 2D hole system in the ballistic regime.
66  flow-limited
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
NEP (5 times)
NFL (5 times)
COPD (4 times)
1997 Expiratory flow limitation in COPD patients after single lung transplantation.
67  fluid loading
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
SV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
PPV (2 times)
1993 Simulation of the fluid retention effects of a vasopressin analog using the Guyton model of circulation.
68  flumazenil
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
BDZ (2 times)
BZ (2 times)
1992 [The action of flumazenil in combination with fentanyl on spontaneous respiration].
69  fluorescein sodium
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
BBB (3 times)
CM (2 times)
HGG (2 times)
2015 Fluorescein sodium-guided resection of cerebral metastases—experience with the first 30 patients.
70  fluorescence detection
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
HPLC (2 times)
RPLC (2 times)
AP1 (1 time)
1996 Enrichment of benzo[a]pyrene in smoked food products and determination by high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection.
71  fracture load
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
LT (2 times)
BD (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
2010 Assessment of the individual fracture risk of the proximal femur by using statistical appearance models.
72  fragment length
(9 times)
Tooth Diseases
(3 times)
TTF (4 times)
NCF (2 times)
NiTi (2 times)
1995 [Ki-ras mutation as a molecular tumor marker for carcinoma of the pancreas].
73  FreeLight
(9 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
EL (8 times)
TL (7 times)
LED (6 times)
2003 Effectiveness of composite cure associated with different curing modes of LED lights.
74  fibrinolysis
(8 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
PCI (3 times)
PPCI (3 times)
STEMI (2 times)
1991 [Percutaneous recanalization of pelvic artery occlusions--fibrinolysis, PTA, stents].
75  fictive locomotion
(8 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BCAC (1 time)
2011 The locomotor central pattern generator of the rat spinal cord in vitro is optimally activated by noisy dorsal root waveforms.
76  flowering
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
AGB (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2002 [Root growth in rice and its response to soil density].
77  fluorescein-labeled
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
cERE (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1987 Independent regulation of human neutrophil chemotactic receptors after activation.
78  follicular lesion
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
UC (2 times)
ACUS (1 time)
AUS (1 time)
2003 Follicular hyperplasia, follicular lysis, and progressive transformation of germinal centers. A sequential spectrum of morphologic evolution in lymphoid hyperplasia.
79  Fuji II LC
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
GICs (3 times)
AD (2 times)
AM (2 times)
1998 Water sorption in resin-modified glass-ionomer cements: an in vitro comparison with other materials.
80  facial lobe
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HRP (2 times)
BLs (1 time)
ll (1 time)
1986 Morphological evidence for a direct projection of trigeminal nerve fibers to the primary gustatory center in the sea catfish Plotosus anguillaris.
81  flash
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PR (5 times)
VEP (2 times)
BIO (1 time)
1985 The relationship between visual seizures and visual evoked potentials.
82  Flos Lonicerae
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
FLJ (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
ALT/AST (1 time)
2005 [Study of flos lonicerae in local herbs and other areas by FTIR spectrum].
83  flutter
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
1987 [Reduction of auricular fibrillation and tachycardia using intravenous flecainide].
84  forestland
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
GL (5 times)
TN (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2014 Risk of phosphorus leaching from phosphorus-enriched soils in the Dianchi catchment, Southwestern China.
85  forward lunge
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
PFP (2 times)
AE (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2004 Biomechanical attributes of lunging activities for older adults.
86  HPLC-fluorescence
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
DIB-Cl (2 times)
Ang I (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2002 A method to evaluate the renin-angiotensin system in rat renal cortex using a microdialysis technique combined with HPLC-fluorescence detection.
87  falciform ligament
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CaCF (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
2006 The falciform ligament in the echocardiographic diagnosis of ascites.
88  Fas ligand
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IELs (3 times)
IL (2 times)
AdVs (1 time)
2000 Adenovirus-mediated transfer of p53 and Fas ligand drastically enhances apoptosis in gliomas.
89  fast learning
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SL (5 times)
NL (2 times)
BSNs (1 time)
1991 Paradoxical sleep increases predict successful learning in a complex operant task.
90  feedback linearization
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ADRC (3 times)
AHV (1 time)
AIT2FSMC (1 time)
2014 Active disturbance rejection based trajectory linearization control for hypersonic reentry vehicle with bounded uncertainties.
91  femur diaphysis length
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
AC (6 times)
BPD (6 times)
HC (5 times)
2009 Measurement error for ultrasound fetal biometry performed by paramedics in rural Bangladesh.
92  fiber laser
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BE (1 time)
BQ (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
2003 Expression of kynurenine aminotransferases in the rat retina during development.
93  fibroblast-like
(6 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ML (1 time)
VTM (1 time)
1968 Effect of hydrocortisone on growth in vitro of fibroblast-like (FL) cells derived from rat organs.
94  flanking regions
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IRE (3 times)
apoB (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1990 Ferritin mRNA translation, structure, and gene transcription during development of animals and plants.
95  flexible laryngoscopy
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
VF (2 times)
C-Mac VL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1997 Role of flexible laryngoscopy in evaluating aspiration.
96  flow
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DC (4 times)
ST (4 times)
RD (3 times)
2012 Physicochemical properties of endodontic sealers of different bases.
97  flumequine
(6 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
PB (2 times)
DEHP (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2002 Susceptibility of liver proliferative lesions in heterozygous p53 deficient CBA mice to various carcinogens.
98  fluorescence intensity
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
CNOT (1 time)
1984 Anion transport heterogeneity detected by flow cytometric measurement of NBD-taurine efflux kinetics.
99  fluorescence spectrum
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
UV (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
CL (2 times)
2014 A novel carboxyethyltin functionalized sandwich-type germanotungstate: synthesis, crystal structure, photosensitivity, and application in dye-sensitized solar cells.
100  fluorimetric
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
AN (1 time)
CEOOH (1 time)
1998 Sensitive determination of anatoxin-a, homoanatoxin-a and their degradation products by liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection.