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Abbreviation: FLA
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Long forms: 104

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
free-living amoebae
(211 times)
Parasitology
(60 times)
PCR (12 times)
AK (10 times)
PAM (10 times)
1985 Vertical distribution of potentially pathogenic free-living amoebae in freshwater lakes.
fluoranthene
(54 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
PAHs (31 times)
PHE (28 times)
PYR (22 times)
1987 Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Athens atmosphere.
fluorescein angiography
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(25 times)
OCT (15 times)
AMD (9 times)
CNV (7 times)
1996 [Effects of fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography on subsequent dark adaptation and the electroretinogram].
facial lipoatrophy
(21 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
HIV (9 times)
QOL (4 times)
HA (3 times)
2008 HIV-associated facial lipoatrophy--review of current therapy options.
focal laser ablation
(19 times)
Urology
(7 times)
MRI (6 times)
PCa (6 times)
PSA (4 times)
2010 Focal laser ablation for prostate cancer followed by radical prostatectomy: validation of focal therapy and imaging accuracy.
fetoscopic laser ablation
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
TTTS (8 times)
DC (2 times)
iPPROM (2 times)
2009 Maternal serum markers of placental damage in uncomplicated dichorionic and monochorionic pregnancies in comparison with monochorionic pregnancies complicated by severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and the response to fetoscopic laser ablation.
fragment length analysis
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SSS (3 times)
STR (3 times)
VNTR (3 times)
2009 A continuation: study and characterisation of Mycobacterium leprae short tandem repeat genotypes and transmission of leprosy in Cebu, Philippines.
far lateral approach
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
SOT (2 times)
CCJ (1 time)
clFLA (1 time)
2015 Quantitative Anatomical Study of Tailored Far-Lateral Approach for the VA-PICA Regions.
fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein
(7 times)
Botany
(4 times)
FLAs (2 times)
AGP (1 time)
AGPs (1 time)
2006 Putative fasciclin-like arabinogalactan-proteins (FLA) in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rice (Oryza sativa): identification and bioinformatic analyses.
10  force-length-area
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
PVA (3 times)
CB (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
1992 Mechanical and energetic changes in short-term volume and pressure overload of rabbit heart.
11  flavonoids
(5 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ADY (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
HBA (1 time)
2017 Encapsulation of antioxidant phenolic compounds extracted from spent coffee grounds by freeze-drying and spray-drying using different coating materials.
12  flag leaf area
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FLL (4 times)
FLW (3 times)
QTL (3 times)
2012 [Ghd7, a pleiotropic gene controlling flag leaf area in rice].
13  flash lamp annealing
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
AJP (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2012 Polycrystalline silicon films with nanometer-sized dense fine grains formed by flash-lamp-induced crystallization.
14  fluvoxamino acid
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
FLV (4 times)
MADRS (1 time)
ss (1 time)
2003 Relationship between clinical effects of fluvoxamine and the steady-state plasma concentrations of fluvoxamine and its major metabolite fluvoxamino acid in Japanese depressed patients.
15  fascia lata autograft
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
ASCR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2019 Bone healing potential of fascia lata autografts to the humeral head footprint in rotator cuff reconstruction based on magnetic resonance imaging and histologicevaluations.
16  feline leucocyte antigen
(3 times)
Cat Diseases
(1 time)
RSCA (2 times)
A-T (1 time)
FCoV (1 time)
2004 The use of reference strand-mediated conformational analysis for the study of cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) feline leucocyte antigen class II DRB polymorphisms.
17  feline major histocompatibility complex
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PCR (1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
2000 Genotyping of feline MHC (FLA) class II DRB by PCR-RFLP method using group-specific primers.
18  flag leaf angle
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
PH (1 time)
2009 [Genetic characteristics of wheat functional leaves at filling stage under different water regimes].
19  flaxseed
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MEG (2 times)
SOY (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2002 Digestion, milk production, milk composition, and blood composition of dairy cows fed whole flaxseed.
20  fluconazole
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ESI (1 time)
IS (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
2007 An optimized analytical method of fluconazole in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection and its application to a bioequivalence study.
21  Fragebogen zur Lebensqualitat bei Asthma
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
QOL (2 times)
AQLQ-S (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
1998 [Illness specific data collection on quality of life of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive bronchitis].
22  frontal language area
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
PT (2 times)
CCEP (1 time)
POr (1 time)
2014 Intraoperative cortico-cortical evoked potentials for the evaluation of language function during brain tumor resection: initial experience with 13 cases.
23  frontal lobe atrophy
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
DWMH (1 time)
2009 Frontal lobe atrophy is associated with small vessel disease in ischemic stroke patients.
24  faecal lactoferrin
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CAI (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2007 Fecal lactoferrin is a sensitive and specific marker of disease activity in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease.
25  false lumen area
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CWT (1 time)
DWT (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2012 Variation in wood fibre traits among eight populations of Dipterocarpus indicus in Western Ghats, India.
26  fasciclin-like AGP
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
AGPs (2 times)
beta-1,3-GalT (1 time)
gal-T1 (1 time)
2017 The cotton beta-galactosyltransferase 1 (GalT1) that galactosylates arabinogalactan proteins participates in controlling fiber development.
27  Fasciclin-like arabinogalactan
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DPA (1 time)
NW (1 time)
OW (1 time)
2013 Characterization and expression analysis of a fiber differentially expressed Fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein gene in Sea Island cotton fibers.
28  ferulic acid
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
ARB (1 time)
BPV (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2019 Thermodynamic solubility and solvation behavior of ferulic acid in different (PEG-400 + water) binary solvent mixtures.
29  Flanders
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
TVT (2 times)
CV (1 time)
EEE (1 time)
1995 Arbovirus surveillance in Iowa, USA, during the flood of 1993.
30  flavone
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
ANT (1 time)
Car (1 time)
Chl (1 time)
2006 Possible involvement of some secondary metabolites in salt tolerance of sugarcane.
31  flavonoid fraction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ALK (2 times)
APP (2 times)
EXT (2 times)
2015 In vivo evaluation of the antitussive, expectorant and bronchodilating effects of extract and fractions from aerial parts of Peganum harmala linn.
32  flavopiridol
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
DP (1 time)
MPM (1 time)
2004 Abrogation of p21 expression by flavopiridol enhances depsipeptide-mediated apoptosis in malignant pleural mesothelioma cells.
33  Flavourzyme
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
BRO (1 time)
2012 Peptides derived from atlantic salmon skin gelatin as dipeptidyl-peptidase IV inhibitors.
34  flowing liquid anode
(2 times)
DLS (2 times)
EDX (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2018 Atmospheric Pressure Plasma-Mediated Synthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles Stabilized by Poly(vinylpyrrolidone) with Application in Heat Management Systems for Internal Combustion Chambers.
35  Fludarabine and high dose cytarabine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADE (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1999 Fludarabine and high dose cytarabine (FLA): a well tolerated salvage regimen in acute myeloid leukaemia.
36  fluorescein leakage
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PRP (3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
PDR (2 times)
2011 Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) versus PRP plus intravitreal ranibizumab for high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
37  fluorescein leukocyte angiography
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CSC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
SLO (1 time)
1997 Fluorescent dots in fluorescein angiography and fluorescein leukocyte angiography using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope in humans.
38  fluoresceinamine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DCP (1 time)
HPFOA (1 time)
PVP (1 time)
2001 Homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction method for the selective spectrofluorimetric determination of trace amounts of tryptophan.
39  fluorescent-labeled antibodies
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
1999 Sandwich-type immunoassay with an affinity column coupled to anti-peptide antibodies.
40  flutamide
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AHND (1 time)
IDB (1 time)
NEDA (1 time)
2000 New spectrophotometric method for the determination of flutamide in pharmaceutical preparations.
41  focus localization algorithm
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MEG (1 time)
MVAR (1 time)
2015 Epileptic focus localization based on resting state interictal MEG recordings is feasible irrespective of the presence or absence of spikes.
42  foreign language anxiety
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
EI (1 time)
FLE (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2016 Factor Structure of the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale: Comment on Park (2014).
43  free lumen area
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
IVUS (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
DA (1 time)
1997 Effect of balloon angioplasty in femoropopliteal arteries assessed by intravascular ultrasound.
44  N-trans-feruloyltyramine
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2015 N-trans-feruloyltyramine inhibits LPS-induced NO and PGE2 production in RAW 264.7 macrophages: Involvement of AP-1 and MAP kinase signalling pathways.
45  facility location-allocation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Minimum risk facility location-allocation problem with type-2 fuzzy variables.
46  falciform ligament artery
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTHA (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2009 Hepatic falciform ligament artery in patients with chronic liver diseases: detection on computed tomography hepatic arteriography.
47  far-lateral suboccipital approach
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
EES (1 time)
2018 Endoscopic Endonasal and Transcranial Surgery for Microsurgical Resection of Ventral Foramen Magnum Meningiomas: A Preliminary Experience.
48  Fascia Lata Allograft
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CTG (1 time)
MGR (1 time)
2016 Multiple gingival recession coverage with an allogeneic biostatic fascia lata graft using the tunnel technique--A histological assessment.
49  fast lipophilic antioxidants
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
SLA (1 time)
2011 Contribution of major lipophilic antioxidants to the antioxidant activity of basil extracts: an EPR study.
50  fast low amplitude
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
FFT (1 time)
SHA (1 time)
1998 A new tool for measuring the suckling stimulus during breastfeeding in humans: the orokinetogram and the Fourier series.
51  fatiguing landing activity
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
GRF (1 time)
2003 Changes in landing biomechanics during a fatiguing landing activity.
52  feline leukemia cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1974 Retention of significant antibody binding by surface antigens of feline leukemia cells (FLA) after fixation with formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde.
53  femtosecond laser annealing
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
poly-Si (1 time)
TFTs (1 time)
2007 Near-infrared femtosecond laser crystallized poly-Si thin film transistors.
54  few-layer antimonene
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SIBs (1 time)
2018 Few-Layer Antimonene: Anisotropic Expansion and Reversible Crystalline-Phase Evolution Enable Large-Capacity and Long-Life Na-Ion Batteries.
55  fibrin lysis activity
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
C1-INA (1 time)
C1.IRFA (1 time)
DDAVP (1 time)
1991 [Studies on C1 inactivator resistant fibrinolytic activity].
56  filamin A
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FLA-ABD (1 time)
MOPr (1 time)
2008 Filamin A mutant lacking actin-binding domain restores mu opioid receptor regulation in melanoma cells.
57  finish line accuracy
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FLD (1 time)
IMPR (1 time)
IOS (1 time)
2018 Finish line distinctness and accuracy in 7 intraoral scanners versus conventional impression: an in vitro descriptive comparison.
58  first language attrition
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2020 The Role of First Language Attrition in Persian Idiomatic Expressions.
59  first luteal activity
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
FAI (1 time)
GLY (1 time)
2012 Effect of supplemental feeding with glycerol or propylene glycol in early lactation on the fertility of Swedish dairy cows.
60  first-line assessment
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SCF (1 time)
SLA (1 time)
2014 Australian and New Zealand Audit of Surgical Mortality: concordance between reported and audited clinical events and delays in management in surgical mortality patients.
61  FLA parent compound
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Effect of dietary fat on metabolism and DNA adduct formation after acute oral exposure of F-344 rats to fluoranthene.
62  flavanone
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CSPs (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of cyclodextrins modified with dichloro-, dimethyl-, and chloromethylphenylcarbamate groups as chiral stationary phases for capillary electrochromatography.
63  flavicollis
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
QUA (1 time)
2018 New data on polymorphism of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae) from the island of Sao Miguel (Azores).
64  flaviviruses
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
GET (1 time)
JE (1 time)
1986 Virus isolations from mosquitoes collected during the 1982 Japanese encephalitis epidemic in northern Thailand.
65  Flavokawain A
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FLB (1 time)
MITF (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2020 Melanogenic Inhibition and Toxicity Assessment of Flavokawain A and B on B16/F10 Melanoma Cells and Zebrafish (Danio rerio).
66  flavomycin
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
2018 Effects of xylo-oligosaccharide and flavomycin on the immune function of broiler chickens.
67  flavonoid
(1 time)
AHRs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2020 Developing a Sufficient Protocol for the Enhancement of alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity by Urena lobata L. Aeroponic Hairy Roots Using Exogenous Factors, a Precursor, and an Elicitor.
68  flavonol aglycone
(1 time)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
FLG (1 time)
2019 Antioxidative, Anti-Inflammatory, and Anticancer Effects of Purified Flavonol Glycosides and Aglycones in Green Tea.
69  flavonol-aglycone-rich fraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FLG (1 time)
2019 Stability and Fermentability of Green Tea Flavonols in In-Vitro-Simulated Gastrointestinal Digestion and Human Fecal Fermentation.
70  Floating Arm
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
dVP (1 time)
LQ (1 time)
UQ (1 time)
2014 Upper quadrant port placement for robot-assisted renal surgery: implementation of the Floating Arm and the XL Protype.
71  floctafenic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FLF (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
2013 Simultaneous determination of floctafenine and its hydrolytic degradation product floctafenic acid using micellar liquid chromatography with applications to tablets and human plasma.
72  fludarabine, cytarabine
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
NOPHO (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
2017 Outcome after intensive reinduction therapy and allogeneic stem cell transplant in paediatric relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia.
73  fluid loss additive
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
S-FLA (1 time)
2018 Synthesis, characterization and working mechanism of a novel sustained-release-type fluid loss additive for seawater cement slurry.
74  fluorescein angiograms
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CRA (1 time)
CRAO (1 time)
ODM (1 time)
1994 [Ischemic or non-ischemic central artery occlusion. An explanation for the development or lack of development of neovascularization].
75  fluorescein angiography leakage area
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ERG (1 time)
IVR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2018 Retinal function in eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated with intravitreal ranibizumab and multispot laser panretinal photocoagulation.
76  fluorescein-labeled analog
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
PPARs (1 time)
2007 A rapid, homogeneous, fluorescence polarization binding assay for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors alpha and gamma using a fluorescein-tagged dual PPARalpha/gamma activator.
77  fluorescein-labelled Aprotinin
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
FL-RCA (1 time)
1982 Lectin staining of carbohydrates of haemic cells. III. The cells of Hodgkin's disease and other lymphomas.
78  fluoresceinamine isomer I
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2016 A smart fluorescence nanoprobe for the detection of cellular alkaline phosphatase activity and early osteogenic differentiation.
79  fluorescent antibody
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELA (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
RLA (1 time)
1979 A comparison of labelled antibody methods for the detection of virus antigens in cell monolayers.
80  fluorescent labeling analysis
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CPC (1 time)
EPMA (1 time)
2002 Fluorescent labeling analysis and electron probe microanalysis for alveolar ridge augmentation using calcium phosphate cement.
81  Fluroanthene
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FOB (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2003 Fluoranthene-induced neurobehavioral toxicity in F-344 rats.
82  Focal laser thermal ablation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
mpMRI (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of tumor coverage after MR-guided prostate focal laser ablation therapy.
83  focus luminescence assay
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
VZV (1 time)
1997 Focus luminescence assay: macroscopically visualized foci of human cytomegalovirus and varicella zoster virus infection.
84  focused lateral approach
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Minimal access parathyroidectomy using the focused lateral approach: technique, indication, and results.
85  Foetoscopic LASER ablation
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
TRAP (1 time)
TTTS (1 time)
2016 Anaesthesia for foetoscopic Laser ablation- a retrospective study.
86  forced locomotor activity
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SMA (1 time)
1993 Neurotoxicity of isoproturon, a substituted phenylurea herbicide, in mice.
87  foreign language acquisition
(1 time)
ATTA (1 time)
2020 Creativity and Personality Traits as Foreign Language Acquisition Predictors in University Linguistics Students.
88  formal learning activities
(1 time)
Aging
(1 time)
--- 2016 Participation in formal learning activities of older Europeans in poor and good health.
89  Fossilized Liquid Assembly
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
cryo-TEM (1 time)
2007 Field induced formation of mesoscopic polymer chains from functional ferromagnetic colloids.
90  fraction of Albizia inopinata leaves
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2001 CNS pharmacological effects of the total alkaloidal fraction from Albizia inopinata leaves.
91  fracture line angles
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2016 The morphological features of different Schatzker types of tibial plateau fractures: a three-dimensional computed tomography study.
92  frais de logement adapte
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
PE (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
DFP (1 time)
2010 [The Dintilhac report and its implications for forensic neuropsychological evaluation].
93  free and loosely attached cells
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PICT (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2005 Trace metal exposure of soil bacteria depends on their position in the soil matrix.
94  free lauric and myristic acid
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ELA (1 time)
2015 Effects of dietary fats rich in lauric and myristic acid on performance, intestinal morphology, gut microbes, and meat quality in broilers.
95  Free Left Arm
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 The age of Alu subfamilies.
96  free linoleic acid
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
13HPOD (1 time)
9-HPOD (1 time)
BH (1 time)
2013 Effect of chemical form, heating, and oxidation products of linoleic acid on rumen bacterial population and activities of biohydrogenating enzymes.
97  frontal lobe abscess
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDFS (1 time)
2004 Fibrous dysplasia of the frontal sinus: an uncommon cause of frontal lobe abscess.
98  frontal low-frequency
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2011 Higher frontal EEG synchronization in young women with major depression: a marker for increased homeostatic sleep pressure?
99  frontolateral approach
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GTR (1 time)
2016 Frontolateral Approach Applied to Sellar Region Lesions: A Retrospective Study in 79 Patients.
100  FSH/letrozole/GnRH antagonist
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AFC (1 time)
DOR (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2017 GnRH antagonist and letrozole co-treatment in diminished ovarian reserve patients: a proof-of-concept study.