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Abbreviation: FLS
Appearance Frequency: 1459 time(s)
Long forms: 113

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fibroblast-like synoviocytes
(849 times)
Rheumatology
(318 times)
RA (609 times)
OA (162 times)
IL (94 times)
1992 Alpha 4/beta 1 integrin (VLA-4) ligands in arthritis. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in synovium and on fibroblast-like synoviocytes.
Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery
(169 times)
General Surgery
(122 times)
VBLaST (10 times)
PGY (7 times)
SAGES (7 times)
2004 Proving the value of simulation in laparoscopic surgery.
Fracture Liaison Service
(93 times)
Orthopedics
(44 times)
BMD (12 times)
DXA (12 times)
VFA (7 times)
2005 Osteoporosis risk assessment and treatment intervention after hip or shoulder fracture. A comparison of two centres in the United Kingdom.
flavonol synthase
(59 times)
Botany
(20 times)
CHS (19 times)
DFR (11 times)
CHI (10 times)
1993 Cloning and expression of flavonol synthase from Petunia hybrida.
fatty liver Shionogi
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
NASH (8 times)
NAFLD (6 times)
DS (2 times)
1999 The FLS mouse: a new inbred strain with spontaneous fatty liver.
forward light scatter
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PLS (5 times)
FCM (2 times)
LTC (2 times)
1982 Phenotypic and functional properties of murine thymocytes. I. Precursors of cytolytic T lymphocytes and interleukin 2-producing cells are all contained within a subpopulation of "mature" thymocytes as analyzed by monoclonal antibodies and flow microfluorometry.
fibrous long spacing
(14 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
SLS (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
AAG (1 time)
1981 The "spindle-shaped" body in fibroblasts: intracellular collagen fibrils.
flu-like symptoms
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MS (5 times)
IFN-beta (3 times)
BoNT (2 times)
2002 Both paracetamol and ibuprofen are equally effective in managing flu-like symptoms in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients during interferon beta-1a (AVONEX) therapy.
fuzzy logic system
(12 times)
Cybernetics
(5 times)
ANN (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2004 Dynamical optimal training for interval type-2 fuzzy neural network (T2FNN).
10  fetoscopic laser surgery
(11 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
TTTS (9 times)
AF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2007 Neonatal outcome in preterm monochorionic twins with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome after intrauterine treatment with amnioreduction or fetoscopic laser surgery: comparison with dichorionic twins.
11  flow-limiting segment
(11 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
EPP (3 times)
MEFV (3 times)
C/P (2 times)
1976 Delineation of flow-limiting segment and predicted airway resistance by movable catheter.
12  Frogeye leaf spot
(9 times)
Science
(2 times)
AUDPC (1 time)
cM (1 time)
KASP (1 time)
1998 Performance of Frogeye Leaf Spot-Resistant and -Susceptible Near-Isolines of Soybean.
13  fibroblasts
(6 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
RA (5 times)
IL (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2013 The novel cytokine interleukin-36alpha is expressed in psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis synovium.
14  flow-limiting site
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RN (4 times)
Php (2 times)
Ptm (2 times)
1993 Tracheal and neck position influence upper airway airflow dynamics by altering airway length.
15  flu-like syndrome
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IFN-beta (3 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1989 Recent advances in the management of biotherapy-related side effects: flu-like syndrome.
16  focal lymphocytic sialoadenitis
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
SS (4 times)
KCS (3 times)
LSG (2 times)
1993 Sjogren's syndrome in patients with interstitial cystitis.
17  fibrous long-spacing collagen
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DSM (1 time)
RR (1 time)
1985 Ultrastructural study of long spacing collagen fibres and basal lamina in malignant schwannoma.
18  follicle-like structures
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EE (2 times)
MS (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1997 A comparative randomized trial on the impact of two low-dose oral contraceptives on ovarian activity, cervical permeability, and endometrial receptivity.
19  Functional Level Scale
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
MD (3 times)
AAO-HNS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2002 Factors influencing quality of life in patients with Meniere's disease, identified by a multidimensional approach.
20  fatty liver syndrome
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ACC (2 times)
FAS (2 times)
LXRalpha (2 times)
1985 Plasma calcium, phosphorus, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and 1-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 of hens with fatty liver syndrome.
21  Fels Longitudinal Study
(4 times)
Obesity
(1 time)
BP (2 times)
DBP (1 time)
HBP (1 time)
2012 Serial childhood BMI and associations with adult hypertension and obesity: the Fels Longitudinal Study.
22  Fibroblast-like cells
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
DNMT3B (1 time)
ICF (1 time)
2003 [Effect of lipopolysaccharide on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in human synoviocyte from patients with rheumatoid arthritis].
23  fibroin-like substance
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
CLS (4 times)
EDTA (1 time)
FE (1 time)
1998 Identification of cystatin as a component of carp chorion.
24  forward looking sonar
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
AUVs (2 times)
AEKF (1 time)
EKF (1 time)
2016 An Improved Otsu Threshold Segmentation Method for Underwater Simultaneous Localization and Mapping-Based Navigation.
25  frontal lobe syndrome
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ACC/MPFC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
2003 The prevalence of frontal variant frontotemporal dementia and the frontal lobe syndrome in a population based sample of 85 year olds.
26  fiberoptic laryngeal surgery
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
DLE (1 time)
2003 Steroid injection for Reinke's edema using fiberoptic laryngeal surgery.
27  fibrous long-spacing fibers
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
EDTA (1 time)
RR (1 time)
1980 The effect of collagenase on the formation of fibrous long spacing collagen aggregates.
28  fluorescence spectroscopy
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AgNPs (1 time)
BPhAc (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2013 Competitive interactions of ionic surfactants with salbutamol and bovine serum albumin: a molecular spectroscopy study with implications for salbutamol in food analysis.
29  forelimb locomotor scale
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CSCI (1 time)
EX (1 time)
IFN-beta (1 time)
2010 PEGylated interferon-beta modulates the acute inflammatory response and recovery when combined with forced exercise following cervical spinal contusion injury.
30  Family Lifestyles Project
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1998 Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality ("primal scenes"): an 18-year longitudinal study of outcome.
31  farnesol-like sesquiterpenoids
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
JH (1 time)
re (1 time)
SERCAs (1 time)
2014 Farnesol-like endogenous sesquiterpenoids in vertebrates: the probable but overlooked functional "inbrome" anti-aging counterpart of juvenile hormone of insects?
32  Favoured Local Structures
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
--- 2013 Influence of liquid structure on the thermodynamics of freezing.
33  Fetal lamb serum
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
Con A (1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
EGTA (1 time)
1981 Alternative pathway activation of complement in fetal lamb serum by Trichostrongylus vitrinus larvae.
34  first length skate
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
TLS (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2010 Relationship between body composition, leg strength, anaerobic power, and on-ice skating performance in division I men's hockey athletes.
35  flavonol synthase gene
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
F3H (1 time)
TT6 (1 time)
1998 Knock-out mutants from an En-1 mutagenized Arabidopsis thaliana population generate phenylpropanoid biosynthesis phenotypes.
36  fluid-leaving surface
(2 times)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
non-FLS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2011 Mechanisms of structure generation during plastic compression of nanofibrillar collagen hydrogel scaffolds: towards engineering of collagen.
37  fluorescein sodium dyeing
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DTI (1 time)
HGG (1 time)
KPS (1 time)
2013 Magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging with fluorescein sodium dyeing for surgery of gliomas in brain motor functional areas.
38  flux-limited spreading
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
Hh (2 times)
Shh (1 time)
2013 Morphogenetic action through flux-limited spreading.
39  foregoing life support
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CPR failure (1 time)
MICU (1 time)
2001 The practice of foregoing life support in the critically ill "old old": a Singapore perspective.
40  forward light scattering
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AO (1 time)
AULCSF (1 time)
BLS (1 time)
2004 [Development of a new evaluation system for visual function].
41  Frontal Lobe Score
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
WCST (1 time)
2000 The Frontal Lobe Score: part I: construction of a mental status of frontal systems.
42  frontal lobe seizures
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
TLS (2 times)
EF/ETS (1 time)
FHS (1 time)
2006 Ictal grasping: prevalence and characteristics in seizures with different semiology.
43  Function Limitation Scale
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
OHIP (1 time)
SS (1 time)
TMD (1 time)
1981 Determining the generalizability of rating scales in clinical settings.
44  functional life-span
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
NYHA (1 time)
1996 Functional life-span of the dominant follicle in pharmacologically induced anovulatory cycles.
45  Fuzzy Logic Systems
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
2006 A new method to detect obstructive sleep apnea using fuzzy classification of time-frequency plots of the heart rate variability.
46  FACS Lysing Solution
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2003 A rapid flow cytometric method for the detection of intracellular cyclooxygenases in human whole blood monocytes and a COX-2 inducible human cell line.
47  family loading for schizophrenia
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
2002 Neurocognitive functioning and schizophrenia spectrum disorders can be independent expressions of familial liability for schizophrenia in community control children: the UCLA family study.
48  Farmer Life School
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2008 The Farmer Life School: experience from an innovative approach to HIV education among farmers in South Africa.
49  fascia lata slings
(1 time)
Surgical Instruments
(1 time)
FI (1 time)
2009 Double-loop puborectoplasty: novel technique for the treatment of fecal incontinence.
50  femoral longitudinal split
(1 time)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
ETO (1 time)
2015 Extraction of well-fixed extended porous-coated cementless stems using a femoral longitudinal split procedure.
51  ferritin light subunit
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AK3 (1 time)
BVRB (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2007 Identification of specific protein markers in microdissected hepatocellular carcinoma.
52  fiberoptic-assisted laryngoscope
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Successful intubation using a simple fiberoptic assisted laryngoscope for Treacher Collins syndrome.
53  fibrillarlike strands
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
1995 Helicobacter pylori: I. Ultrastructural sequences of adherence, attachment, and penetration into the gastric mucosa.
54  fibrils with long spacings
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
NF (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
TC (1 time)
1985 Electron microscopic studies of artificial supramolecular structures from collagen solutions.
55  fibroblast like
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AIA (1 time)
2014 Targeting fibroblast-like synovial cells at sites of inflammation with peptide targeted liposomes results in inhibition of experimental arthritis.
56  fibroblast-like satellite
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2001 Bradykinin evokes a Ca2+-activated chloride current in non-neuronal cells isolated from neonatal rat dorsal root ganglia.
57  fibrous long spacing bundles
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Microfibrillar meshwork of the synovial lining and associated broad banded collagen: a clue to identity.
58  filmless system
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
FBS (1 time)
H-CRTs (1 time)
HIS (1 time)
2001 Economic analysis of a filmless system based on the hospital information system.
59  filter lifespan
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CVVH (1 time)
2015 Citrate Formulation Determines Filter Lifespan during Continuous Veno-Venous Hemofiltration: A Prospective Cohort Study.
60  final lesion size
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AUBSPC (1 time)
AULEPC (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2009 Defective active silicon uptake affects some components of rice resistance to brown spot.
61  fine speckles with lines
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Clinical value of a peculiar nuclear fluorescence staining in systemic sclerosis.
62  Fine-Lubinsky syndrome
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2008 Fetal manifestation of the Fine-Lubinsky syndrome. Brachycephaly, deafness, cataract, microstomia and mental retardation syndrome complicated by Pierre-Robin anomaly and polyhydramnios.
63  Finnish liver sausage
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CLP (1 time)
ELP (1 time)
HMLP (1 time)
2005 Characterisation of a traditional Finnish liver sausage and different types of Spanish liver pates: A comparative study.
64  Firearms Licensee Survey
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Support for a comprehensive background check requirement and expanded denial criteria for firearm transfers: findings from the firearms licensee survey.
65  fixed long strut
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
FMS (1 time)
2014 A cadaveric analysis of cervical fixation: the effect of intermediate fixation points and dynamization in multilevel cervical fusions.
66  flag leaf sheath
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
NSC (1 time)
S. oryzae (1 time)
2018 Potassium deficiency aggravates yield loss in rice by restricting the translocation of non-structural carbohydrates under Sarocladium oryzae infection condition.
67  flank stimulation
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
VCS (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
2015 Vaginocervical stimulation attenuates the sensitization of appetitive sexual behaviors by estradiol benzoate in the ovariectomized rat.
68  flapless
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Immediate implant placement and provisionalization in the aesthetic zone using a flapless or a flap-involving approach: a randomized controlled trial.
69  flash lamp system
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IPL (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of a novel flash lamp system (FLS) incorporating optimal spectral filtration for the treatment of photoaging.
70  flavonoids extracted from cranberry
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Insights into the molecular mechanisms of the anti-atherogenic actions of flavonoids in normal and obese mice.
71  flavonol synthase/flavanone 3-hydroxylase-like
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
BSMT (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2015 Priming of seeds with methyl jasmonate induced resistance to hemi-biotroph Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici in tomato via 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid, salicylic acid, and flavonol accumulation.
72  flexible learning spaces
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
2019 Flexible learning spaces reduce sedentary time in adolescents.
73  flexural strength
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAD/CAM (1 time)
EM (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
2012 Influence of surface roughness on mechanical properties of two computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramic materials.
74  Floating Limb Suite
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SB (1 time)
WaNPRC (1 time)
2010 Floating limb behaviors and self-biting are associated in laboratory monkeys.
75  flow straightener
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
VAD (1 time)
1997 Improved flow straighteners reduce thrombus in the NASA/DeBakey axial flow ventricular assist device.
76  flow-limiting at rest
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MBF (1 time)
MCE (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2001 Quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion during graded coronary stenosis by real-time myocardial contrast echo refilling curves.
77  flow-limiting coronary stenosis
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FCI (1 time)
FM (1 time)
NFLS (1 time)
2016 Distinction of non-ischemia inducing versus ischemia inducing coronary stenosis by fluorescent cardiac imaging.
78  flow-limiting stenoses
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DSE (1 time)
LV (1 time)
NFLS (1 time)
2008 Experimental validation of circumferential, longitudinal, and radial 2-dimensional strain during dobutamine stress echocardiography in ischemic conditions.
79  flower and leaf emergence sequence
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2018 Sequence of flower and leaf emergence in deciduous trees is linked to ecological traits, phylogenetics, and climate.
80  flower-like silver
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
DNA1 (1 time)
PADs (1 time)
2017 Metal-enhanced fluorescence/visual bimodal platform for multiplexed ultrasensitive detection of microRNA with reusable paper analytical devices.
81  FLS collagen density (measured by X-ray attenuation) and increasing R
(1 time)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2011 Mechanisms of structure generation during plastic compression of nanofibrillar collagen hydrogel scaffolds: towards engineering of collagen.
82  fluconazole-less-susceptible
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
FNS (1 time)
2016 Resistance Mechanisms and Clinical Features of Fluconazole-Nonsusceptible Candida tropicalis Isolates Compared with Fluconazole-Less-Susceptible Isolates.
83  Fluorescein Sodium
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2018 Molecular pathological expression in malignant gliomas resected by fluorescein sodium-guiding under the YELLOW 560nm surgical microscope filter.
84  fluorescence signal
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FWM BGS (1 time)
PTS (1 time)
2014 Observation of the four wave mixing photonic band gap signal in electromagnetically induced grating.
85  fluorescence within various windows on the basis of forward
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CCE (1 time)
CFU-GM (1 time)
CFUs (1 time)
1988 Isolation of hemopoietic stem cell subsets from murine bone marrow: II. Evidence for an early precursor of day-12 CFU-S and cells associated with radioprotective ability.
86  fluorescent
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LED (1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
2016 Shelf life of fresh meat products under LED or fluorescent lighting.
87  fluorescently labeled Synechococcus
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PNF (1 time)
2009 Pigmented nanoflagellates grazing on Synechococcus: seasonal variations and effect of flagellate size in the coastal ecosystem of subtropical Western Pacific.
88  fluoroscopy
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FGID (1 time)
2014 The utilisation and diagnostic yield of radiological imaging in a specialist functional GI disorder clinic: an 11-year retrospective study.
89  fluorous labeling strategy
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 A convenient method for the preparation of fluorous tin derivatives for the fluorous labeling strategy.
90  Fly larva shells
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 Removal of free and complexed heavy-metal ions by sorbents produced from fly (Musca domestica) larva shells.
91  foetal lamb spleen
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BLV (1 time)
1986 [Immunoenzyme detection of enzootic bovine leukemia viruses (BLV) in cell cultures].
92  foreign language speakers
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2019 Relationship Between Hispanic Nativity, Residential Environment, and Productive Activity Among Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injury: A TBI Model Systems Study.
93  forelimb locomotor rating scale
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2014 Forelimb locomotor rating scale for behavioral assessment of recovery after unilateral cervical spinal cord injury in rats.
94  formaldehyde-treated linseed
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
OSO (1 time)
2005 Mammary lipid metabolism and milk fatty acid secretion in alpine goats fed vegetable lipids.
95  formolase
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2015 Computational protein design enables a novel one-carbon assimilation pathway.
96  four level systems
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Four-well tunneling States and elastic response of clathrates.
97  four-letter search
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
MSLT (1 time)
SDMT (1 time)
1989 Administration of triazolam prior to recovery sleep: effects on sleep architecture, subsequent alertness and performance.
98  Fox loamy sand
(1 time)
VSL (1 time)
1984 Anhydrobiosis in Pratylenchus penetrans.
99  fraction of BrdU-labeled cells with mid-S phase DNA content
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ACNU (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
Tc (1 time)
1987 Cell cycle perturbation of cultured C6 glioma cells following short-term contact with a low dose of ACNU.
100  Free-Living Serratia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Comparative genomics of Serratia spp.: two paths towards endosymbiotic life.