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Abbreviation: FMD
Appearance Frequency: 5741 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
flow-mediated dilation
(3479 times)
Vascular Diseases
(797 times)
IMT (359 times)
PWV (199 times)
CAD (189 times)
1993 Cigarette smoking is associated with dose-related and potentially reversible impairment of endothelium-dependent dilation in healthy young adults.
foot-and-mouth disease
(1403 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(716 times)
FMDV (351 times)
NSP (42 times)
ELISA (39 times)
1965 [Genetic characteristics of attenuated foot-and-mouth-disease (FMD) viruses. The virus increase at 40, 37, 28 and 22 degrees C in tissue cultures].
fibromuscular dysplasia
(432 times)
Vascular Diseases
(138 times)
RAS (30 times)
PTRA (25 times)
ICA (20 times)
1976 Fibromuscular dysplasia and multiple dissecting aneurysms of intracranial arteries. A further cause of Moyamoya syndrome.
flow-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation
(57 times)
Vascular Diseases
(19 times)
CAD (7 times)
GTN (6 times)
IMT (5 times)
1996 Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation of large arteries in normoalbuminuric insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery
(53 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
IMT (9 times)
BMI (5 times)
CIMT (4 times)
1999 Effect of transfusion on the endothelium dependent dilatation of brachial artery in patients with chronic anemia.
foramen magnum decompression
(38 times)
Neurosurgery
(25 times)
MRI (7 times)
CM-I (5 times)
CM (3 times)
1988 Foramen magnum decompression versus terminal ventriculostomy for the treatment of syringomyelia.
functional movement disorders
(33 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
ND (2 times)
PNES (2 times)
aMCI (1 time)
2000 [The aged patient's first visit to the outpatient psychiatric clinic].
frequent mental distress
(29 times)
Public Health
(14 times)
BRFSS (12 times)
CI (5 times)
AOR (3 times)
1998 Self-reported frequent mental distress among adults--United States, 1993-1996.
flow-mediated
(26 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
NMD (8 times)
NID (5 times)
AIx (2 times)
2000 Studies on flow-mediated vasodilation and intima-media thickness of the brachial artery in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
10  flow-mediated brachial artery dilation
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
EPC (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
CAD (2 times)
2000 The effect of GH replacement therapy on endothelial function and oxidative stress in adult growth hormone deficiency.
11  full-mouth disinfection
(16 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
BOP (4 times)
FM-SRP (4 times)
PD (4 times)
2007 Effects of full-mouth scaling and root planing in conjunction with systemically administered azithromycin.
12  Frontometaphyseal dysplasia
(15 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
MNS (3 times)
OPD1 (2 times)
TAB2 (2 times)
1980 Frontometaphyseal dysplasia: autosomal dominant or X-linked?
13  fibromuscular disease
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
RAS (3 times)
PTD (2 times)
ARVD (1 time)
1981 Percutaneous transluminal dilatation: the treatment of choice for renal artery stenosis causing hypertension.
14  foot-and-mouth
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BHQ-2 (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
1982 Use of prediction models to forecast and analyse airborne spread during the foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks in Brittany, Jersey and the Isle of Wight in 1981.
15  fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
IPF (4 times)
NHLFs (3 times)
alpha-SMA (2 times)
2014 Arsenic trioxide inhibits transforming growth factor-beta1-induced fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation in vitro and bleomycin induced lung fibrosis in vivo.
16  Falsified Medicines Directive
(5 times)
Pharmaceutical Services
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
IGBA (1 time)
2017 Hospital Audit as a Useful Tool in the Process of Introducing Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) into Hospital Pharmacy Settings-A Pilot Study.
17  fasting-mimicking diet
(5 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
2016 A Diet Mimicking Fasting Promotes Regeneration and Reduces Autoimmunity and Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms.
18  famotidine
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CPA (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1988 [Effect of an H+, K+-ATPase inhibitor, omeprazole (OPZ), on gastric acid secretion and gastric or duodenal lesion. Comparison with an H2-receptor antagonist, famotidine (FMD)].
19  fatty marrow deposition
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
AS (2 times)
SpA (2 times)
2010 MRI grading method for active and chronic spinal changes in spondyloarthritis.
20  floating marine debris
(4 times)
Biology
(4 times)
BMD (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
SMD (1 time)
2003 Floating marine debris in coastal waters of the SE-Pacific (Chile).
21  flow-mediated diameter
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FT3 (1 time)
FT4 (1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
1999 Impaired endothelial function in hypertensive elderly patients evaluated by high resolution ultrasonography.
22  formamide
(4 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
DES (1 time)
EDLCs (1 time)
1982 Inhibitory action of high formamide concentrations on excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle.
23  fibrous metaphyseal defect
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
Gd (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1981 [Fibrous metaphyseal defect (fibrous cortical defect, non-ossifying fibroma) (author's transl)].
24  fludarabine, mitoxantrone, and dexamethasone
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CHOP (1 time)
COP (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2000 A phase II study to evaluate the combination of fludarabine, mitoxantrone and dexamethasone (FMD) in patients with follicular lymphoma.
25  fluorescent multiplex denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
DGGE (2 times)
PCR (1 time)
PTT (1 time)
2006 A fluorescent multiplex-DGGE screening test for mutations in the BRCA1 gene.
26  forearm mineral density
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FMC (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
1986 Forearm bone mineral content does not decline with age in premenopausal women.
27  formate dehydrogenase
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
Luc (1 time)
mGFP (1 time)
rDNA (1 time)
1991 Heterologous gene expression in Hansenula polymorpha: efficient secretion of glucoamylase.
28  face-mounted display
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2000 A new face-mounted display system: pilot trial of clinical application in therapeutic endoscopy.
29  familial Meniere's disease
(2 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AQP (1 time)
EH (1 time)
2012 The -1364A/C Aquaporin 5 Gene Promoter Polymorphism Is Not Associated with Meniere's Disease.
30  fetal type Minamata disease
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2002 Autonomic nervous functions in fetal type Minamata disease patients: assessment of heart rate variability.
31  fiberoptic microneedle device
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CED (2 times)
EBA (1 time)
Gd-EBA (1 time)
2013 Intracranial hyperthermia through local photothermal heating with a fiberoptic microneedle device.
32  fig mosaic disease
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
FMMaV (2 times)
FMV (2 times)
ASF (1 time)
2014 Prevalence and genetic diversity of fig mosaic virus isolates infecting fig tree in Iran.
33  flow-dependent endothelium-mediated dilation
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BDI (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2004 Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in cardiac Syndrome X: role of superoxide dismutase activity.
34  flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation of the brachial artery
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CFR (1 time)
LV (1 time)
NT (1 time)
2006 Prognostic value of flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery in patients with cardiovascular disease.
35  flow-mediated endothelium-dilation
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CMR (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2012 The lp13.3 genomic region -rs599839- is associated with endothelial dysfunction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
36  foot-and-mouth disease virus
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
1989 A possible homology between immunodeficiency virus p24 core protein and picornaviral VP2 coat protein: prediction of HIV p24 antigenic sites.
37  artery-flow-mediated dilation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PBF (1 time)
2004 Repeatability of noninvasive surrogates of endothelial function.
38  cervicocephalic-fibromuscular dysplasia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Occlusion of internal carotid artery and formation of anterior communicating artery aneurysm in cervicocephalic fibromuscular dysplasia--follow-up case report.
39  familial MD
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2010 Familiar Meniere's disease restricted to 1.48 Mb on chromosome 12p12.3 by allelic and haplotype association.
40  Familial metaphyseal dysplasia
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 The radiological appearances of familial metaphyseal dysplasia.
41  familial myoclonic dystonia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
EMGs (1 time)
FPs (1 time)
2002 Involvement of the medial pallidum in focal myoclonic dystonia: A clinical and neurophysiological case study.
42  fast molecular dynamics
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2002 A large scale molecular dynamics simulation code using the fast multipole algorithm (FMD): performance and application.
43  fast-monotonic-descent
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
IMB (1 time)
2000 Optimization of inverse treatment planning using a fuzzy weight function.
44  features to diagnose cardiovascular disease.Flow-mediated dilation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2005 An effective image measurement in brachial flow-mediated dilation response analysis.
45  feeling/mood dimension
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2005 High altitude headache. A prospective study of its clinical characteristics.
46  feigned mental disorders
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
FCI (1 time)
GEN-Both (1 time)
GEN-C (1 time)
2009 Use of the SIRS in compensation cases: an examination of its validity and generalizability.
47  female-male differences
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2017 A new era for drinking? Epidemiological evidence on adolescent male-female differences in drinking incidence in the United States and Europe.
48  fermented milk drink
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2007 Survivability of a probiotic Lactobacillus casei in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy human volunteers and its impact on the faecal microflora.
49  Fermi Molecular Dynamics
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2001 Photoionization of atoms described by Fermi Molecular Dynamics: toward a firmer theoretical basis.
50  fermion molecular dynamics model
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Classical simulations of electron emissions from H2+ by circularly polarized laser pulses.
51  ferromanganese deposits
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FSC (1 time)
2018 A potential central role of Thaumarchaeota in N-Cycling in a semi-arid environment, Fort Stanton Cave, Snowy River passage, New Mexico, USA.
52  fibromodulin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BGN (1 time)
DCN (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2012 Osteoadherin accumulates in the predentin towards the mineralization front in the developing tooth.
53  Fibromuscular dysplasia of the arteries
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Retinal manifestations in fibromuscular dysplasia.
54  first measured dose
(1 time)
Health Physics
(1 time)
ERD (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2015 Radiation dose to rectum in high-dose-rate brachytherapy with a single implant and two fractions for prostate cancer, and its prediction by prostate volume.
55  first molar dentulous
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
IE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2017 Histological and radiographic study of human edentulous and dentulous maxilla.
56  Flickr Material Database
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
--- 2016 Physical Features of Visual Images Affect Macaque Monkey's Preference for These Images.
57  flow causing endothelium-dependent dilation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
1999 Normal pregnancy is associated with enhanced endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation.
58  flow mediated dilation of peripheral arteries
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Hypnotic modulation of flow-mediated endothelial response to mental stress.
59  flow mediated peak vasoreactivity
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
EID (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2001 Effect of estrogen on endothelial dysfunction in postmenopausal women with diabetes.
60  flow mediated vascular endothelial dilatation
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2010 [Analysis of Chinese medicine syndrome types in 156 patients undergoing maintenance peritoneal dialysis].
61  flow, 'flow mediated dilation
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
L-FMC (1 time)
2014 Low-flow mediated constriction: the yin to FMD's yang?
62  flow-mediated arterial diastolic function
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
DDAH (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
2013 [Protective effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 on vascular endothelial function in hypercholesterolemia and the underlying mechanism].
63  flow-mediated vascular endothelial-dependent diastolic function
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
INS (1 time)
2012 [The vascular endothelial function damage as well as early atherosclerosis in hypertensive youth].
64  flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery induced by reactive hyperemia
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
PWV (1 time)
2010 Non-invasive vascular function tests: their pathophysiological background and clinical application.
65  flow-mediated vasodilation during reactive hyperemia
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
2004 Long-term treatment with probucol improves endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease.
66  flow-mediated vasodilation in insulin resistant (IR) subjects
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2003 Insulin resistant young subjects at risk of accelerated atherosclerosis exhibit a marked reduction in peripheral endothelial function early in life but not differences in intima-media thickness.
67  flux module decomposition
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2013 Flux module decomposition for parameter estimation in a multiple-feedback loop model of biochemical networks.
68  FMD and GTNMD increased significantly on atorvastatin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GTNMD (1 time)
2005 Statin therapy improves brachial artery vasodilator function in patients with Type 1 diabetes and microalbuminuria.
69  FMD and NG compared with controls
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
2007 Impaired vascular function in patients with Fontan circulation.
70  FMD indicating higher reactivity bilaterally with unilateral EPC treatment
(1 time)
EPC (1 time)
MST (1 time)
PRE (1 time)
2018 Unilateral application of an external pneumatic compression therapy improves skin blood flow and vascular reactivity bilaterally.
71  FMD was lower in snuff users
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Non-Smoking Tobacco Affects Endothelial Function in Healthy Men in One of the Largest Health Studies Ever Performed; The Nord-Trondelag Health Study in Norway; HUNT3.
72  FMD- and NTG-induced dilations were greater
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
NTG (1 time)
2007 Adaptation of vasomotor function of human coronary arterioles to the simultaneous presence of obesity and hypertension.
73  FMD-NMD, statistically significant
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2018 The impact of TFPI on coronary atherosclerotic burden.
74  FMDmax
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Flow-mediated dilatation, using time course data, shows maturation of the brachial artery from young children to mid-adolescents.
75  focal myocardial dystrophy
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
EMI (1 time)
SMI (1 time)
1989 [Morphological study of the damaged myocardium in autopsies with previous ECG and blood enzyme test evidence of various clinical forms of ischemic heart disease during exacerbation phase].
76  folate/methyl-deficient
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
8-OHdG (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
MnSOD (1 time)
2008 Induction of oxidative stress and DNA damage in rat brain by a folate/methyl-deficient diet.
77  folic acid, methionine, and choline-deficient
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HCCs (1 time)
miRs (1 time)
2006 Downregulation of miR-122 in the rodent and human hepatocellular carcinomas.
78  follicular moderately differentiated
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FWD (1 time)
RFS (1 time)
TS (1 time)
1985 Long-term results and prognostic factors in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
79  foot and mouth epidemic
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Epidemiological inference for partially observed epidemics: the example of the 2001 foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain.
80  forest musk deer
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2018 High-Throughput Analysis Reveals Seasonal Variation of the Gut Microbiota Composition Within Forest Musk Deer (Moschus berezovskii).
81  full modulation depth
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
WDM-PON (1 time)
2011 Wavelength remodulation scheme using DPSK downstream and upstream for DWDM-PONs.
82  full-mouth disinfection technique
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
MGI (1 time)
2013 The Effects of One-Stage Full-Mouth Disinfection and Qua-drant-Wise Scaling and Root Planing on Serum Levels of IL-17 and IL-1beta and Clinical Parameters (A randomized Controlled Trial Study).
83  full-mouth mechanical debridement
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
QMD (1 time)
2008 Changes in serum interleukin-6, C-reactive protein and thrombomodulin levels under periodontal ultrasonic debridement.
84  Functional Memory and Attention Disorder
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
MSE (1 time)
PSQ (1 time)
2010 [Development and evaluation of a group therapy for functional memory and attention disorder].
85  Functional or psychogenic movement disorders
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
2017 Clinical decision-making in functional and hyperkinetic movement disorders.
86  macro-floating marine debris
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Spatial distribution of floating marine debris in offshore continental Portuguese waters.
87  molomo -foot and mouth disease
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2013 Ethno-veterinary practices amongst livestock farmers in Ngamiland District, Botswana.