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Abbreviation: FS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fractional shortening
(842 times)
Cardiology
(287 times)
EF (335 times)
LV (234 times)
LVEF (80 times)
1979 [Echocardiographic indices of the pumping and contractile functions of the left ventricle and the hemodynamic data obtained from left and/or right cardiac catheterization].
febrile seizures
(421 times)
Neurology
(178 times)
TLE (28 times)
EEG (19 times)
CI (18 times)
1989 Long-term outcome of children with febrile seizures.
frozen section
(392 times)
General Surgery
(121 times)
SLN (46 times)
PS (35 times)
FNA (34 times)
1985 The use of touch preparations (tissue imprints) in the rapid intraoperative diagnosis of metastatic lymph node disease in cancer staging procedures.
fast-spiking
(285 times)
Neurology
(178 times)
RS (62 times)
LTS (42 times)
PV (25 times)
1989 Synchronized excitation and inhibition driven by intrinsically bursting neurons in neocortex.
flexural strength
(269 times)
Dentistry
(176 times)
DC (86 times)
FM (54 times)
CS (38 times)
1996 Physical properties of composites cured with conventional light or argon laser.
Fisher syndrome
(258 times)
Neurology
(59 times)
RA (49 times)
GBS (46 times)
BBE (13 times)
1978 Suppressor cell-mediated neutropenia in Felty's syndrome.
flexible sigmoidoscopy
(197 times)
Gastroenterology
(82 times)
CRC (90 times)
FOBT (41 times)
FIT (17 times)
1984 Flexible sigmoidoscopy: diagnostic yield in 1015 patients.
functional status
(151 times)
Rehabilitation
(29 times)
EDSS (30 times)
MS (24 times)
CAT (10 times)
1981 Dementia and other competing risks for mortality in the institutionalized aged.
fibrin sealant
(140 times)
General Surgery
(61 times)
RCTs (6 times)
MC (4 times)
QoL (4 times)
1984 Combined application of heterologous collagen and fibrin sealant for liver injuries.
10  feature selection
(130 times)
Medical Informatics
(37 times)
SVM (13 times)
RF (12 times)
ML (8 times)
2007 Classifying uterine myoma and adenomyosis based on ultrasound image fractal and texture features.
11  folliculo-stellate
(128 times)
Endocrinology
(68 times)
IL-6 (10 times)
GH (9 times)
ECM (8 times)
1987 The origin of ciliated cell cysts of the anterior pituitary. An experimental study in the rat.
12  follistatin
(124 times)
Endocrinology
(45 times)
ACTA (10 times)
FSH (9 times)
mRNA (8 times)
1988 Porcine follistatin gene structure supports two forms of mature follistatin produced by alternative splicing.
13  forced swim
(97 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
EPM (21 times)
OF (19 times)
HL-OF (10 times)
1991 Increased blood-brain barrier permeability following acute short-term swimming exercise in conscious normotensive young rats.
14  ferrous sulfate
(96 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
FC (22 times)
MTA (14 times)
IDA (10 times)
1997 Ferric sulfate versus dilute formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: long-term follow up.
15  fibromyalgia syndrome
(91 times)
Rheumatology
(38 times)
FIQ (9 times)
RA (9 times)
VAS (6 times)
1988 Pain language in fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
16  footshock
(86 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
PSY (11 times)
SW (10 times)
LTP (6 times)
1976 [Effects of signal-shock contingency probability on gastric lesions in rats as a function of shock region (author's transl].
17  flaxseed
(80 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
SDG (13 times)
BD (10 times)
SS (9 times)
1995 Effects of ground flaxseed in swine diets on pig performance and on physical and sensory characteristics and omega-3 fatty acid content of pork: I. Dietary level of flaxseed.
18  frozen shoulder
(72 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
ROM (14 times)
VAS (14 times)
ASES (6 times)
1982 Frozen shoulder.
19  Fanconi syndrome
(68 times)
Nephrology
(21 times)
IFO (7 times)
LC (6 times)
TDF (5 times)
1972 Renal tubular acidosis in infants: the several kinds, including bicarbonate-wasting, classic renal tubular acidosis.
20  Fermi surface
(68 times)
Medicine
(39 times)
ARPES (5 times)
CDW (5 times)
SC (4 times)
2000 Joys and pitfalls of fermi surface mapping in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) using angle resolved photoemission
21  field stimulation
(62 times)
Urology
(23 times)
ATP (4 times)
L-NAME (4 times)
MDA (4 times)
1980 Electrophysiology of mouse parotid acini: effects of electrical field stimulation and ionophoresis of neurotransmitters.
22  focus score
(61 times)
Rheumatology
(20 times)
pSS (19 times)
SS (12 times)
BCS (5 times)
1983 Hip dysplasia in dogs.
23  fluorescence spectroscopy
(60 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
BSA (7 times)
CD (7 times)
UV (7 times)
1998 Selective examination of plasma membrane-associated photosensitizers using total internal reflection fluorescence spectroscopy: correlation between photobleaching and photodynamic efficacy of protoporphyrin IX.
24  faecal streptococci
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
FC (46 times)
TC (22 times)
EC (5 times)
1976 Bacteriological quality assessment of fresh marketed lettuce and fennel.
25  fat suppression
(56 times)
Radiology
(20 times)
MRI (10 times)
SNR (9 times)
CNR (7 times)
1994 Rapid MR imaging of the liver: comparison of twelve techniques for single breath-hold whole volume acquisition.
26  fat-suppressed
(54 times)
Radiology
(27 times)
MRI (23 times)
FSE (6 times)
MR (6 times)
1996 Accuracy of fat-suppressed three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo FLASH MR imaging in the detection of patellofemoral articular cartilage abnormalities.
27  freeze substitution
(47 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
HPF (26 times)
TEM (7 times)
EM (6 times)
1980 Cryofixation without cryoprotectants. Freeze substitution and freeze etching of an insect olfactory receptor.
28  faecal sludge
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
TS (9 times)
COD (4 times)
FSM (4 times)
2000 On-site sanitation: when the pits are full--planning for resource protection in faecal sludge management.
29  Feeling Scale
(44 times)
Sports Medicine
(20 times)
RPE (14 times)
FAS (8 times)
HR (8 times)
1995 Changes in ratings of perceived exertion and psychological affect in the early stages of exercise.
30  fat saturation
(43 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
MR (9 times)
MRI (7 times)
SNR (5 times)
1991 Combined gadolinium-enhanced and fat-saturation MR imaging of renal masses.
31  fibrosarcoma
(43 times)
Pathology
(15 times)
MFH (13 times)
LMS (6 times)
DFSP (5 times)
1978 A comparison of the migration patterns of normal and malignant cells in two assay systems.
32  Fogo Selvagem
(42 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
Dsg1 (14 times)
PF (11 times)
PV (5 times)
1986 Antigenic specificity of fogo selvagem autoantibodies is similar to North American pemphigus foliaceus and distinct from pemphigus vulgaris autoantibodies.
33  fragile sites
(42 times)
Genetics, Medical
(17 times)
BAC (2 times)
CA (2 times)
cFS (2 times)
1983 Brief report: linkage between G6PD and fragile-X syndrome.
34  full scale
(41 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
SIM (4 times)
TMS (4 times)
LOQ (3 times)
1988 An incremental method to assess the linearity of gas flowmeters: application to Fleisch pneumotachographs.
35  fused silica
(41 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
PDMS (4 times)
CEP (2 times)
CIEF (2 times)
2003 New high-performance cryofocalizer injector for in-tube solid-phase microextraction and headspace capillary gas chromatographic applications.
36  fat-saturated
(38 times)
Radiology
(28 times)
FSE (8 times)
MRI (8 times)
MR (6 times)
1996 Comparison of inversion recovery fast spin-echo (FSE) with T2-weighted fat-saturated FSE and T1-weighted MR imaging in bone marrow lesion detection.
37  FibroScan
(35 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
LSM (10 times)
AUROC (7 times)
APRI (6 times)
2007 Transient elastography is unreliable for detection of cirrhosis in patients with acute liver damage.
38  fibrous sheath
(34 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(25 times)
ODF (10 times)
IIF (4 times)
IEM (3 times)
1988 Isolation, structure and protein composition of the perforatorium of rat spermatozoa.
39  frameshift
(33 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
WT (6 times)
NS (4 times)
MS (3 times)
1996 Prognosis is correlated with p53 mutation type for soft tissue sarcoma patients.
40  frontal sinus
(32 times)
Otolaryngology
(13 times)
IP (4 times)
CT (3 times)
EFS (3 times)
1997 [20-year experience in obliteration of the frontal sinuses with formalinized allobrephobone in chronic frontal sinusitis].
41  full sternotomy
(32 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
AVR (12 times)
MS (6 times)
LIS (5 times)
2006 [Clinical impact of partial sternotomy for off-pump coronary artery bypass].
42  femoral shaft
(30 times)
Orthopedics
(22 times)
IT (17 times)
BMD (15 times)
CSA (15 times)
1991 Preferential low bone mineral density of the femoral neck in patients with a recent fracture of the proximal femur.
43  fissure sealant
(30 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
FPMs (4 times)
FV (4 times)
SEM (3 times)
2001 Fluoride-releasing sealant and caries-like enamel lesion formation in vitro.
44  familial sinistrality
(27 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
ILH (2 times)
PT (2 times)
R-L (2 times)
1981 Familial handedness and sex differences in strength of hand preference.
45  foam stability
(27 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
FC (15 times)
EAI (7 times)
EA (5 times)
1988 Functional and electrophoretic characteristics of faba bean (Vicia faba) flour proteins as affected by germination.
46  frailty syndrome
(27 times)
Geriatrics
(11 times)
HF (4 times)
TFI (4 times)
AF (3 times)
2007 Emerging therapies to treat frailty syndrome in the elderly.
47  functional seizures
(27 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
CI (3 times)
IGE (3 times)
PNES (3 times)
2014 [Diagnosing functional seizures in children and adolescents].
48  shortening fraction
(27 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EF (16 times)
LV (5 times)
LVEF (5 times)
1979 [Echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular function in ischemic heart disease (IHD)].
49  feed solution
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
DS (20 times)
FO (17 times)
FDFO (4 times)
2013 Gypsum scaling in pressure retarded osmosis: experiments, mechanisms and implications.
50  food security
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
FI (6 times)
CI (4 times)
WIHS (4 times)
2003 [Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000].
51  focal seizures
(25 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
ESL (7 times)
GTCS (5 times)
HCRU (5 times)
1996 Convulsions in tuberculous meningitis.
52  fluorescein sodium
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ICG (5 times)
5-ALA (2 times)
GV (2 times)
2004 [Cationic lipid and polyethylene glycol enhance liposomes-mediated cell transfection and increase the fluidity of liposomes membranes].
53  foam sclerotherapy
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
EVLA (7 times)
GSV (6 times)
RFA (5 times)
2004 Evaluation of the efficacy of polidocanol in the form of foam compared with liquid form in sclerotherapy of the greater saphenous vein: initial results.
54  force spectroscopy
(23 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AFM (19 times)
POPE (7 times)
DSC (4 times)
2004 Structural changes in human type I collagen fibrils investigated by force spectroscopy.
55  former smokers
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NS (18 times)
CS (17 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 Twins, smoking and mortality: a 12-year prospective study of smoking-discordant twin pairs.
56  FreeSurfer
(22 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
MRI (5 times)
AD (3 times)
TIV (3 times)
2008 FreeSurfer-initiated fully-automated subcortical brain segmentation in MRI using Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping.
57  Filtek Supreme
(21 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
AM (4 times)
EX (3 times)
KM (3 times)
2004 Comparison of surface finish of new aesthetic restorative materials.
58  femtosecond laser
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
LASIK (4 times)
MK (3 times)
SBS (3 times)
2007 [LASIK results of IntraLase femtosecond laser to correct myopia: efficacy, security and predictability].
59  Flourishing Scale
(20 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
SWLS (4 times)
CFA (3 times)
SPANE (3 times)
2013 [The Flourishing Scale (FS) by Diener et al. is now available in an authorized German version (FS-D): application in mind-body medicine].
60  food supplements
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
FSMP (2 times)
GlcN (2 times)
1997 Food supplementation during lactation shortens anestrus and elevates gonadotropins in rats.
61  Fatigue Scale
(19 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CFS (5 times)
AIS (2 times)
BDI (2 times)
2002 PSYCHIATRIC EVALUATION OF LIMB FRACTURE PATIENTS.
62  fine structure
(19 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
ANSD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
HFS (3 times)
2000 Fine structure and multicomponents of the electrically evoked otoacoustic emission in gerbil.
63  forced swim stress
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
pCREB (5 times)
CFA (4 times)
ACC (3 times)
1994 The behavioral response to stress is altered in adult rats exposed prenatally to cocaine.
64  food secure
(18 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
FI (12 times)
FIS (1 time)
FIWH (1 time)
2008 Food insecurity is not associated with lower energy intakes.
65  fracture strength
(18 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
FFL (4 times)
TC (3 times)
C-FP (2 times)
2003 Flexural fatigue behavior of resin composite dental restoratives.
66  Fermentation supernatants
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
SCFA (4 times)
CE (2 times)
DB (2 times)
2009 Fermented wheat aleurone inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human HT29 colon adenocarcinoma cells.
67  fibrosis score
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HRCT (3 times)
IPF (3 times)
NAFLD (3 times)
2005 The Medical Research Council dyspnea scale in the estimation of disease severity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
68  Fowler-Stephens
(17 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
IAT (2 times)
NPT (2 times)
FSH (1 time)
2001 A multi-institutional analysis of laparoscopic orchidopexy.
69  function score
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
KS (13 times)
TKA (10 times)
OA (5 times)
2008 Computational active site analysis of molecular pathways to improve functional classification of enzymes.
70  forward scatter
(15 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
SS (6 times)
ADP (2 times)
FCM (2 times)
1996 Relevance of forward scatter and side scatter in aneuploidy detection by flow cytometry.
71  Freedom Solo
(15 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AVR (8 times)
SVD (3 times)
beta-TG (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of platelet count after isolated biological aortic valve replacement with Freedom Solo bioprosthesis.
72  Functional Score
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
KS (4 times)
TKA (3 times)
dcSSc (2 times)
1987 Ventilatory muscle dysfunction in patients with bilateral idiopathic diaphragmatic paralysis: reversal by intermittent external negative pressure ventilation.
73  functional sensitivity
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
Tg (5 times)
DTC (3 times)
IS (3 times)
1981 Quantitative cell fusion: the fusion sensitivity (FS) potential.
74  field size
(14 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
CC (2 times)
FFF (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1992 Photon beam attenuation for a patient support assembly during arc therapy for a medical linear accelerator.
75  filled surfaces
(14 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
DS (7 times)
DFS (4 times)
DT (4 times)
1979 Identification of high caries risk children using prevalence of filled surfaces as predictor variable for incidence.
76  fluorescein staining
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
OSDI (4 times)
BUT (3 times)
ZN (3 times)
2008 Tear cytokine and ocular surface alterations following brief passive cigarette smoke exposure.
77  free sugar
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
AS (3 times)
TS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Intake and sources of added sugars among Australian children and adolescents.
78  furosemide
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BB (2 times)
ACTZ (1 time)
ALT/AST (1 time)
1994 Carbonic anhydrase-immobilized precolumn for selective on-line sample pretreatment in high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of certain sulphonamide drugs.
79  flight speed
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CS (6 times)
ADG (3 times)
FD (2 times)
2011 Temperament and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function are related and combine to affect growth, efficiency, carcass, and meat quality traits in Brahman steers.
80  fatty streaks
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
DIT (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1977 Relationship of advanced atherosclerosis lesions to fibrous plaques in 19 location-race groups.
81  feeding systems
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
EBV (2 times)
HC (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2005 The interaction of strain of Holstein-Friesian cows and pasture-based feed systems on milk yield, body weight, and body condition score.
82  film-screen
(12 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
CR (6 times)
BI-RADS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1988 Conventional vs computed radiography: evaluation of myelography.
83  fingerstick
(12 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
OF (2 times)
POC (2 times)
VP (2 times)
1977 Hemoglobin screening in prospective blood donors: a comparison of methods.
84  fish scale
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
HAP (2 times)
SBF (2 times)
AB45 (1 time)
2012 Highly-dispersive electromagnetic induced transparency in planar symmetric metamaterials.
85  fish sperm
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CT (4 times)
CHO (2 times)
CTAB (2 times)
2003 Novel fluorescent colloids as a DNA fluorescence probe.
86  force sense
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
JPS (6 times)
FP (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2009 Reliability and precision of hip proprioception methods in healthy individuals.
87  forskolin
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AC (5 times)
8-Br-cAMP (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
1989 Chloride current activated by cyclic AMP and parathyroid hormone in rat osteoblasts.
88  Framingham score
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AS (3 times)
CIMT (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
2006 Acromegaly and coronary disease: an integrated evaluation of conventional coronary risk factors and coronary calcifications detected by computed tomography.
89  face scale
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
VAS (3 times)
QoL (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1999 Multimeasure pain assessment in an ethnically diverse group of patients with cancer.
90  fibrosarcomatous
(11 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
DFSP (10 times)
COL1A1 (1 time)
DFSP-FS (1 time)
1998 Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans with fibrosarcomatous areas. Molecular abnormalities of the p53 pathway in fibrosarcomatous transformation of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
91  fixation stability
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
VA (4 times)
MP (3 times)
BCEA (2 times)
2012 Microperimetric changes in neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with ranibizumab.
92  food sensitization
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
FA (6 times)
BBC (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2011 Gene polymorphisms, breast-feeding, and development of food sensitization in early childhood.
93  footshock stress
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PS (2 times)
SP (2 times)
AgRP (1 time)
1981 The influence of foot-shock stress upon brain, pituitary and spinal cord pools of immunoreactive dynorphin in rats.
94  foraminal stenosis
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
NRS (2 times)
PCF (2 times)
2009 Aging of the cervical spine in healthy volunteers: a 10-year longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study.
95  full-sib
(11 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
HS (5 times)
CB (2 times)
EBV (2 times)
1974 Genetic studies in an exotic population of corn (Zea mays L.) grown under two plant densities : II. Choice of a density environment for selection.
96  furosemide-sensitive
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
OR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
BS (1 time)
1985 Effect of metabolic depletion on the furosemide-sensitive Na and K fluxes in human red cells.
97  fast-spiking interneurons
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PV (2 times)
APC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2004 Localization of calcium-binding proteins in physiologically and morphologically characterized interneurons of monkey dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
98  fiber strength
(10 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
FL (7 times)
FU (4 times)
FE (3 times)
2015 Identification of associated SSR markers for yield component and fiber quality traits based on frame map and Upland cotton collections.
99  front squat
(10 times)
Physical Fitness
(4 times)
BS (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2010 An electromyographical comparison of trunk muscle activity during isometric trunk and dynamic strengthening exercises.
100  frozen section examination
(10 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
FNAB (4 times)
FN (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1993 Influence of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and frozen section examination on the management of thyroid cancer.