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Abbreviation: FS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fractional shortening
(765 times)
Cardiology
(282 times)
EF (285 times)
LV (218 times)
MI (73 times)
1979 [Echocardiographic indices of the pumping and contractile functions of the left ventricle and the hemodynamic data obtained from left and/or right cardiac catheterization].
febrile seizures
(369 times)
Neurology
(162 times)
TLE (25 times)
EEG (17 times)
CI (13 times)
1989 Long-term outcome of children with febrile seizures.
frozen section
(345 times)
General Surgery
(115 times)
SLN (43 times)
FNA (33 times)
PS (31 times)
1985 The use of touch preparations (tissue imprints) in the rapid intraoperative diagnosis of metastatic lymph node disease in cancer staging procedures.
fast-spiking
(277 times)
Neurology
(177 times)
RS (59 times)
LTS (42 times)
PV (22 times)
1989 Synchronized excitation and inhibition driven by intrinsically bursting neurons in neocortex.
Fisher syndrome
(235 times)
Neurology
(56 times)
RA (46 times)
GBS (44 times)
BBE (12 times)
1978 Suppressor cell-mediated neutropenia in Felty's syndrome.
flexural strength
(219 times)
Dentistry
(150 times)
DC (75 times)
FM (43 times)
CS (35 times)
1996 Physical properties of composites cured with conventional light or argon laser.
flexible sigmoidoscopy
(190 times)
Gastroenterology
(80 times)
CRC (86 times)
FOBT (41 times)
FIT (16 times)
1984 Flexible sigmoidoscopy: diagnostic yield in 1015 patients.
fibrin sealant
(137 times)
General Surgery
(61 times)
RCTs (6 times)
MC (4 times)
QOL (4 times)
1984 Combined application of heterologous collagen and fibrin sealant for liver injuries.
functional status
(129 times)
Rehabilitation
(28 times)
EDSS (28 times)
MS (22 times)
CAT (10 times)
1981 Dementia and other competing risks for mortality in the institutionalized aged.
10  folliculo-stellate
(124 times)
Endocrinology
(67 times)
IL-6 (10 times)
GH (8 times)
PRL (8 times)
1987 The origin of ciliated cell cysts of the anterior pituitary. An experimental study in the rat.
11  follistatin
(123 times)
Endocrinology
(45 times)
ACTA (9 times)
FSH (9 times)
mRNA (8 times)
1988 Porcine follistatin gene structure supports two forms of mature follistatin produced by alternative splicing.
12  fibromyalgia syndrome
(90 times)
Rheumatology
(38 times)
RA (9 times)
FIQ (8 times)
VAS (5 times)
1988 Pain language in fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
13  forced swim
(89 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
EPM (19 times)
OF (16 times)
HL-OF (10 times)
1991 Increased blood-brain barrier permeability following acute short-term swimming exercise in conscious normotensive young rats.
14  footshock
(83 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
PSY (11 times)
SW (10 times)
LTP (6 times)
1976 [Effects of signal-shock contingency probability on gastric lesions in rats as a function of shock region (author's transl].
15  ferric sulfate
(81 times)
Dentistry
(29 times)
FC (20 times)
MTA (13 times)
CH (6 times)
1997 Ferric sulfate versus dilute formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: long-term follow up.
16  feature selection
(73 times)
Medical Informatics
(28 times)
RF (6 times)
GA (5 times)
AD (4 times)
2005 Classifying uterine myoma and adenomyosis based on ultrasound image fractal and texture features.
17  flaxseed
(72 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
SDG (11 times)
BD (10 times)
SS (9 times)
1995 Effects of ground flaxseed in swine diets on pig performance and on physical and sensory characteristics and omega-3 fatty acid content of pork: I. Dietary level of flaxseed.
18  Fanconi syndrome
(63 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
IFO (7 times)
LC (6 times)
MGUS (3 times)
1972 Renal tubular acidosis in infants: the several kinds, including bicarbonate-wasting, classic renal tubular acidosis.
19  Fermi surface
(62 times)
Medicine
(39 times)
ARPES (5 times)
CDW (5 times)
SC (4 times)
2000 Joys and pitfalls of fermi surface mapping in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) using angle resolved photoemission
20  field stimulation
(62 times)
Urology
(23 times)
ATP (4 times)
L-NAME (4 times)
MDA (4 times)
1980 Electrophysiology of mouse parotid acini: effects of electrical field stimulation and ionophoresis of neurotransmitters.
21  faecal streptococci
(56 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
FC (45 times)
TC (21 times)
EC (5 times)
1976 Bacteriological quality assessment of fresh marketed lettuce and fennel.
22  fluorescence spectroscopy
(54 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
BSA (7 times)
UV (6 times)
CD (5 times)
1998 Selective examination of plasma membrane-associated photosensitizers using total internal reflection fluorescence spectroscopy: correlation between photobleaching and photodynamic efficacy of protoporphyrin IX.
23  fibrosarcoma
(49 times)
Pathology
(21 times)
DFSP (14 times)
MFH (14 times)
OS (5 times)
1978 A comparison of the migration patterns of normal and malignant cells in two assay systems.
24  frozen shoulder
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(17 times)
VAS (11 times)
ROM (5 times)
SPADI (5 times)
1982 Frozen shoulder.
25  fat suppression
(45 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
SNR (9 times)
CNR (7 times)
MR (5 times)
1994 Rapid MR imaging of the liver: comparison of twelve techniques for single breath-hold whole volume acquisition.
26  freeze substitution
(45 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
HPF (25 times)
EM (6 times)
TEM (6 times)
1980 Cryofixation without cryoprotectants. Freeze substitution and freeze etching of an insect olfactory receptor.
27  fat saturation
(42 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
MR (8 times)
MRI (7 times)
SNR (5 times)
1991 Combined gadolinium-enhanced and fat-saturation MR imaging of renal masses.
28  fat-suppressed
(42 times)
Radiology
(22 times)
MRI (20 times)
FSE (6 times)
MR (6 times)
1996 Accuracy of fat-suppressed three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo FLASH MR imaging in the detection of patellofemoral articular cartilage abnormalities.
29  focus score
(41 times)
Rheumatology
(13 times)
pSS (15 times)
SS (6 times)
BCS (3 times)
1983 Hip dysplasia in dogs.
30  Fogo selvagem
(41 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
Dsg1 (13 times)
PF (11 times)
PV (5 times)
1986 Antigenic specificity of fogo selvagem autoantibodies is similar to North American pemphigus foliaceus and distinct from pemphigus vulgaris autoantibodies.
31  fragile sites
(40 times)
Genetics, Medical
(17 times)
BAC (2 times)
CA (2 times)
cFS (2 times)
1983 Brief report: linkage between G6PD and fragile-X syndrome.
32  fused silica
(37 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
PDMS (3 times)
CEP (2 times)
CIEF (2 times)
2003 New high-performance cryofocalizer injector for in-tube solid-phase microextraction and headspace capillary gas chromatographic applications.
33  fat-saturated
(36 times)
Radiology
(26 times)
FSE (8 times)
MRI (8 times)
MR (6 times)
1996 Comparison of inversion recovery fast spin-echo (FSE) with T2-weighted fat-saturated FSE and T1-weighted MR imaging in bone marrow lesion detection.
34  Feeling Scale
(35 times)
Sports Medicine
(17 times)
RPE (11 times)
FAS (6 times)
HR (4 times)
1995 Changes in ratings of perceived exertion and psychological affect in the early stages of exercise.
35  full scale
(34 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
SIM (4 times)
TMS (4 times)
MIM (3 times)
1988 An incremental method to assess the linearity of gas flowmeters: application to Fleisch pneumotachographs.
36  fibrous sheath
(33 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(25 times)
ODF (10 times)
IIF (4 times)
IEM (3 times)
1988 Isolation, structure and protein composition of the perforatorium of rat spermatozoa.
37  FibroScan
(32 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
LSM (8 times)
AUROC (7 times)
APRI (6 times)
2008 Transient elastography is unreliable for detection of cirrhosis in patients with acute liver damage.
38  femoral shaft
(28 times)
Orthopedics
(21 times)
IT (16 times)
BMD (15 times)
CSA (15 times)
1991 Preferential low bone mineral density of the femoral neck in patients with a recent fracture of the proximal femur.
39  fissure sealant
(28 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
FPMs (4 times)
FV (4 times)
CS (2 times)
2000 Fluoride-releasing sealant and caries-like enamel lesion formation in vitro.
40  faecal sludge
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
TS (6 times)
MW (3 times)
COD (2 times)
2000 On-site sanitation: when the pits are full--planning for resource protection in faecal sludge management.
41  familial sinistrality
(27 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
ILH (2 times)
PT (2 times)
R-L (2 times)
1981 Familial handedness and sex differences in strength of hand preference.
42  frameshift
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
WT (6 times)
NS (4 times)
MS (3 times)
1996 Prognosis is correlated with p53 mutation type for soft tissue sarcoma patients.
43  frontal sinus
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
EFS (3 times)
EML (3 times)
IP (3 times)
1997 [20-year experience in obliteration of the frontal sinuses with formalinized allobrephobone in chronic frontal sinusitis].
44  fluorescein sodium
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ICG (4 times)
5-ALA (2 times)
GV (2 times)
2003 [Cationic lipid and polyethylene glycol enhance liposomes-mediated cell transfection and increase the fluidity of liposomes membranes].
45  foam stability
(22 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
FC (13 times)
EAI (7 times)
EA (4 times)
1988 Functional and electrophoretic characteristics of faba bean (Vicia faba) flour proteins as affected by germination.
46  shortening fraction
(22 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
EF (13 times)
LV (4 times)
LVEF (4 times)
1979 [Echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular function in ischemic heart disease (IHD)].
47  food security
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
FI (5 times)
CI (4 times)
WIHS (4 times)
2003 [Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000].
48  force spectroscopy
(20 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
AFM (18 times)
POPE (6 times)
DSC (4 times)
2004 Structural changes in human type I collagen fibrils investigated by force spectroscopy.
49  feed solution
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
DS (14 times)
FO (12 times)
AL-DS (2 times)
2013 Microencapsulation of bioactive principles with an airless spray-gun suitable for processing high viscous solutions.
50  Filtek Supreme
(19 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
AM (4 times)
EX (3 times)
KM (3 times)
2004 Comparison of surface finish of new aesthetic restorative materials.
51  foam sclerotherapy
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
EVLA (6 times)
GSV (6 times)
RFA (4 times)
2003 Evaluation of the efficacy of polidocanol in the form of foam compared with liquid form in sclerotherapy of the greater saphenous vein: initial results.
52  forced swim stress
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
pCREB (5 times)
CFA (4 times)
ACC (3 times)
1994 The behavioral response to stress is altered in adult rats exposed prenatally to cocaine.
53  former smokers
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
NS (15 times)
CS (14 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 Twins, smoking and mortality: a 12-year prospective study of smoking-discordant twin pairs.
54  frailty syndrome
(19 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
HF (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
2007 Emerging therapies to treat frailty syndrome in the elderly.
55  FreeSurfer
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
MRI (4 times)
TIV (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
2008 FreeSurfer-initiated fully-automated subcortical brain segmentation in MRI using Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping.
56  Fatigue Scale
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CFS (5 times)
BDI (2 times)
CFS/ME (2 times)
2002 PSYCHIATRIC EVALUATION OF LIMB FRACTURE PATIENTS.
57  full sternotomy
(18 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
AVR (8 times)
MS (4 times)
RDAVR (4 times)
2006 [Clinical impact of partial sternotomy for off-pump coronary artery bypass].
58  fibrosis score
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HRCT (3 times)
IPF (3 times)
NAFLD (3 times)
2005 The Medical Research Council dyspnea scale in the estimation of disease severity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
59  fine structure
(16 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ANSD (3 times)
HFS (3 times)
SNHL (3 times)
2000 Fine structure and multicomponents of the electrically evoked otoacoustic emission in gerbil.
60  Fowler-Stephens
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
IAT (2 times)
NPT (2 times)
FSH (1 time)
2001 A multi-institutional analysis of laparoscopic orchidopexy.
61  Flourishing Scale
(15 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
CFA (3 times)
SPANE (3 times)
SWLS (3 times)
2013 [The Flourishing Scale (FS) by Diener et al. is now available in an authorized German version (FS-D): application in mind-body medicine].
62  Functional Score
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
KS (4 times)
TKA (3 times)
dcSSc (2 times)
1987 Ventilatory muscle dysfunction in patients with bilateral idiopathic diaphragmatic paralysis: reversal by intermittent external negative pressure ventilation.
63  filled surfaces
(14 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
DS (8 times)
DFS (4 times)
DT (4 times)
1979 Identification of high caries risk children using prevalence of filled surfaces as predictor variable for incidence.
64  food supplements
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
API (1 time)
ARS (1 time)
BBW (1 time)
1997 Food supplementation during lactation shortens anestrus and elevates gonadotropins in rats.
65  forward scatter
(14 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
SS (6 times)
ADP (2 times)
FCM (2 times)
1996 Relevance of forward scatter and side scatter in aneuploidy detection by flow cytometry.
66  Freedom Solo
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AVR (7 times)
SVD (3 times)
beta-TG (1 time)
2011 Thrombocytopenia after aortic valve replacement with the Sorin Freedom Solo prosthesis.
67  functional sensitivity
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
Tg (4 times)
DTC (3 times)
IS (3 times)
1981 Quantitative cell fusion: the fusion sensitivity (FS) potential.
68  field size
(13 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
CC (2 times)
FFF (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1992 Photon beam attenuation for a patient support assembly during arc therapy for a medical linear accelerator.
69  flight speed
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CS (6 times)
ADG (3 times)
FD (2 times)
2011 Temperament and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function are related and combine to affect growth, efficiency, carcass, and meat quality traits in Brahman steers.
70  fracture strength
(13 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
FFL (4 times)
TC (3 times)
C-FP (2 times)
2003 Flexural fatigue behavior of resin composite dental restoratives.
71  function score
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
KS (10 times)
TKA (8 times)
OA (3 times)
2008 Computational active site analysis of molecular pathways to improve functional classification of enzymes.
72  furosemide
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BB (2 times)
ACTZ (1 time)
ALT/AST (1 time)
1994 Carbonic anhydrase-immobilized precolumn for selective on-line sample pretreatment in high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of certain sulphonamide drugs.
73  fatty streaks
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
DIT (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1977 Relationship of advanced atherosclerosis lesions to fibrous plaques in 19 location-race groups.
74  film-screen
(12 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
CR (6 times)
BI-RADS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1988 Conventional vs computed radiography: evaluation of myelography.
75  fish scale
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
HAP (2 times)
SBF (2 times)
AB45 (1 time)
2012 Highly-dispersive electromagnetic induced transparency in planar symmetric metamaterials.
76  fish sperm
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CT (4 times)
CHO (2 times)
CTAB (2 times)
2003 Novel fluorescent colloids as a DNA fluorescence probe.
77  focal seizures
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
GS (4 times)
ES (3 times)
GTCS (3 times)
1996 Convulsions in tuberculous meningitis.
78  force sense
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
JPS (6 times)
FP (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2009 Reliability and precision of hip proprioception methods in healthy individuals.
79  forskolin
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AC (5 times)
8-Br-cAMP (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
1989 Chloride current activated by cyclic AMP and parathyroid hormone in rat osteoblasts.
80  face scale
(11 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
VAS (3 times)
QOL (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1999 Multimeasure pain assessment in an ethnically diverse group of patients with cancer.
81  feeding systems
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
EBV (2 times)
HC (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2005 The interaction of strain of Holstein-Friesian cows and pasture-based feed systems on milk yield, body weight, and body condition score.
82  femtosecond laser
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LASIK (2 times)
MK (2 times)
SBS (2 times)
2007 [LASIK results of IntraLase femtosecond laser to correct myopia: efficacy, security and predictability].
83  food secure
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
FI (7 times)
FIS (1 time)
FIWH (1 time)
2008 Food insecurity is not associated with lower energy intakes.
84  furosemide-sensitive
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
OR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
BS (1 time)
1985 Effect of metabolic depletion on the furosemide-sensitive Na and K fluxes in human red cells.
85  fluorescein staining
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
BUT (3 times)
ZN (3 times)
MZN (2 times)
2008 Tear cytokine and ocular surface alterations following brief passive cigarette smoke exposure.
86  food sensitization
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
FA (5 times)
BBC (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2011 Gene polymorphisms, breast-feeding, and development of food sensitization in early childhood.
87  footshock stress
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PS (2 times)
SP (2 times)
AgRP (1 time)
1981 The influence of foot-shock stress upon brain, pituitary and spinal cord pools of immunoreactive dynorphin in rats.
88  free sugar
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
AS (3 times)
TS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2016 Intake and sources of added sugars among Australian children and adolescents.
89  frozen section examination
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
FNAB (4 times)
FN (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1993 Influence of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and frozen section examination on the management of thyroid cancer.
90  fast-spiking interneurons
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
APC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2005 Localization of calcium-binding proteins in physiologically and morphologically characterized interneurons of monkey dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
91  Fermentation supernatants
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CE (2 times)
DB (2 times)
LB (2 times)
2016 In vitro fermentation of nuts results in the formation of butyrate and c9,t11 conjugated linoleic acid as chemopreventive metabolites.
92  fingerstick
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
OF (2 times)
aAG (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1977 Hemoglobin screening in prospective blood donors: a comparison of methods.
93  foraminal stenosis
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
C5P (1 time)
2009 Aging of the cervical spine in healthy volunteers: a 10-year longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study.
94  free-standing
(9 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
ALG (2 times)
CHI (2 times)
APA (1 time)
1999 Neural mechanisms of soleus H-reflex depression accompanying voluntary arm movement in standing humans.
95  front squat
(9 times)
Physical Fitness
(5 times)
BS (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2011 An electromyographical comparison of trunk muscle activity during isometric trunk and dynamic strengthening exercises.
96  full-sib
(9 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
HS (4 times)
IBD (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1974 Genetic studies in an exotic population of corn (Zea mays L.) grown under two plant densities : II. Choice of a density environment for selection.
97  feruloylserotonin
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CS (6 times)
SHT (3 times)
4CL (2 times)
2008 Endosperm-specific expression of serotonin N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase in rice.
98  fetal survival
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
OR (8 times)
IE (7 times)
ES (6 times)
1984 The influence of ovulation rate on subsequent litter size in sows.
99  Fighting Spirit
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AP (7 times)
HH (7 times)
Mini-MAC (5 times)
1999 The Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale: replication and refinement in 632 breast cancer patients.
100  fixation stability
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
VA (4 times)
BCEA (2 times)
BFT (2 times)
2012 Microperimetric changes in neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with ranibizumab.