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Abbreviation: FS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fractional shortening
(695 times)
Cardiology
(274 times)
EF (244 times)
LV (200 times)
MI (58 times)
1979 [Echocardiographic indices of the pumping and contractile functions of the left ventricle and the hemodynamic data obtained from left and/or right cardiac catheterization].
febrile seizures
(339 times)
Neurology
(151 times)
TLE (24 times)
EEG (15 times)
HS (11 times)
1989 Long-term outcome of children with febrile seizures.
frozen section
(307 times)
General Surgery
(103 times)
SLN (40 times)
FNA (32 times)
PS (30 times)
1985 The use of touch preparations (tissue imprints) in the rapid intraoperative diagnosis of metastatic lymph node disease in cancer staging procedures.
fast-spiking
(260 times)
Neurology
(171 times)
RS (53 times)
LTS (41 times)
PV (21 times)
1989 Synchronized excitation and inhibition driven by intrinsically bursting neurons in neocortex.
Fisher syndrome
(221 times)
Neurology
(54 times)
GBS (42 times)
RA (42 times)
DDS (12 times)
1978 Suppressor cell-mediated neutropenia in Felty's syndrome.
flexible sigmoidoscopy
(181 times)
Gastroenterology
(77 times)
CRC (81 times)
FOBT (41 times)
FIT (14 times)
1984 Flexible sigmoidoscopy: diagnostic yield in 1015 patients.
flexural strength
(179 times)
Dentistry
(126 times)
DC (65 times)
FM (35 times)
CS (31 times)
1996 Physical properties of composites cured with conventional light or argon laser.
fibrin sealant
(125 times)
General Surgery
(56 times)
RCTs (5 times)
QOL (4 times)
rhBMP-2 (4 times)
1984 Combined application of heterologous collagen and fibrin sealant for liver injuries.
folliculo-stellate
(120 times)
Endocrinology
(64 times)
IL-6 (10 times)
ECM (7 times)
GH (7 times)
1987 The origin of ciliated cell cysts of the anterior pituitary. An experimental study in the rat.
10  follistatin
(118 times)
Endocrinology
(45 times)
ACTA (9 times)
FSH (8 times)
mRNA (8 times)
1988 Porcine follistatin gene structure supports two forms of mature follistatin produced by alternative splicing.
11  functional status
(110 times)
Rehabilitation
(25 times)
EDSS (24 times)
MS (20 times)
CAT (9 times)
1981 Dementia and other competing risks for mortality in the institutionalized aged.
12  fibromyalgia syndrome
(90 times)
Rheumatology
(38 times)
RA (9 times)
FIQ (8 times)
VAS (5 times)
1988 Pain language in fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
13  forced swim
(80 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
EPM (16 times)
OF (13 times)
HL-OF (10 times)
1991 Increased blood-brain barrier permeability following acute short-term swimming exercise in conscious normotensive young rats.
14  footshock
(78 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
PSY (11 times)
SW (10 times)
LTP (6 times)
1976 [Effects of signal-shock contingency probability on gastric lesions in rats as a function of shock region (author's transl].
15  ferric sulfate
(71 times)
Dentistry
(25 times)
FC (18 times)
MTA (12 times)
IDA (6 times)
1997 Ferric sulfate versus dilute formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: long-term follow up.
16  flaxseed
(69 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
BD (10 times)
SDG (10 times)
SS (8 times)
1995 Effects of ground flaxseed in swine diets on pig performance and on physical and sensory characteristics and omega-3 fatty acid content of pork: I. Dietary level of flaxseed.
17  field stimulation
(62 times)
Urology
(23 times)
ATP (4 times)
L-NAME (4 times)
MDA (4 times)
1980 Electrophysiology of mouse parotid acini: effects of electrical field stimulation and ionophoresis of neurotransmitters.
18  Fanconi syndrome
(59 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
IFO (7 times)
LC (6 times)
MGUS (3 times)
1972 Renal tubular acidosis in infants: the several kinds, including bicarbonate-wasting, classic renal tubular acidosis.
19  Fermi surface
(57 times)
Medicine
(39 times)
CDW (5 times)
SC (4 times)
ARPES (3 times)
2000 Joys and pitfalls of fermi surface mapping in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) using angle resolved photoemission
20  faecal streptococci
(56 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
FC (45 times)
TC (21 times)
EC (5 times)
1976 Bacteriological quality assessment of fresh marketed lettuce and fennel.
21  feature selection
(52 times)
Medical Informatics
(20 times)
GA (4 times)
PSO (4 times)
RF (4 times)
2005 Classifying uterine myoma and adenomyosis based on ultrasound image fractal and texture features.
22  fibrosarcoma
(49 times)
Pathology
(21 times)
DFSP (14 times)
MFH (14 times)
OS (5 times)
1978 A comparison of the migration patterns of normal and malignant cells in two assay systems.
23  fluorescence spectroscopy
(48 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
BSA (7 times)
UV (6 times)
CD (5 times)
1998 Selective examination of plasma membrane-associated photosensitizers using total internal reflection fluorescence spectroscopy: correlation between photobleaching and photodynamic efficacy of protoporphyrin IX.
24  fat suppression
(42 times)
Radiology
(17 times)
SNR (9 times)
CNR (7 times)
MR (5 times)
1994 Rapid MR imaging of the liver: comparison of twelve techniques for single breath-hold whole volume acquisition.
25  freeze substitution
(42 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
HPF (23 times)
EM (5 times)
TEM (5 times)
1980 Cryofixation without cryoprotectants. Freeze substitution and freeze etching of an insect olfactory receptor.
26  fat-suppressed
(39 times)
Radiology
(21 times)
MRI (19 times)
FSE (6 times)
MR (6 times)
1996 Accuracy of fat-suppressed three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo FLASH MR imaging in the detection of patellofemoral articular cartilage abnormalities.
27  fat saturation
(38 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
MR (7 times)
MRI (6 times)
STIR (4 times)
1991 Combined gadolinium-enhanced and fat-saturation MR imaging of renal masses.
28  Fogo selvagem
(38 times)
Dermatology
(25 times)
Dsg1 (12 times)
PF (11 times)
PV (5 times)
1986 Antigenic specificity of fogo selvagem autoantibodies is similar to North American pemphigus foliaceus and distinct from pemphigus vulgaris autoantibodies.
29  fragile sites
(38 times)
Genetics, Medical
(17 times)
BAC (2 times)
CA (2 times)
cFS (2 times)
1983 Brief report: linkage between G6PD and fragile-X syndrome.
30  fat-saturated
(34 times)
Radiology
(24 times)
FSE (8 times)
MRI (8 times)
MR (6 times)
1996 Comparison of inversion recovery fast spin-echo (FSE) with T2-weighted fat-saturated FSE and T1-weighted MR imaging in bone marrow lesion detection.
31  full scale
(33 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
SIM (4 times)
TMS (4 times)
MIM (3 times)
1988 An incremental method to assess the linearity of gas flowmeters: application to Fleisch pneumotachographs.
32  focus score
(32 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
pSS (12 times)
SS (6 times)
AB (2 times)
1983 Hip dysplasia in dogs.
33  fused silica
(32 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
PDMS (3 times)
CEP (2 times)
CIEF (2 times)
2003 New high-performance cryofocalizer injector for in-tube solid-phase microextraction and headspace capillary gas chromatographic applications.
34  fibrous sheath
(31 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(23 times)
ODF (9 times)
IIF (4 times)
IEM (3 times)
1988 Isolation, structure and protein composition of the perforatorium of rat spermatozoa.
35  Feeling Scale
(30 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
RPE (8 times)
FAS (4 times)
HR (4 times)
1995 Changes in ratings of perceived exertion and psychological affect in the early stages of exercise.
36  FibroScan
(30 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
AUROC (7 times)
LSM (7 times)
APRI (6 times)
2008 Transient elastography is unreliable for detection of cirrhosis in patients with acute liver damage.
37  familial sinistrality
(27 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
ILH (2 times)
PT (2 times)
R-L (2 times)
1981 Familial handedness and sex differences in strength of hand preference.
38  femoral shaft
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
BMD (14 times)
CSA (14 times)
FN (14 times)
1991 Preferential low bone mineral density of the femoral neck in patients with a recent fracture of the proximal femur.
39  frontal sinus
(26 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
EFS (3 times)
EML (3 times)
IP (3 times)
1997 [20-year experience in obliteration of the frontal sinuses with formalinized allobrephobone in chronic frontal sinusitis].
40  frozen shoulder
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
VAS (7 times)
RCT (3 times)
ASES (2 times)
1982 Frozen shoulder.
41  fissure sealant
(23 times)
Dentistry
(18 times)
FPMs (3 times)
CS (2 times)
etch-and-rinse (2 times)
2000 Fluoride-releasing sealant and caries-like enamel lesion formation in vitro.
42  frameshift
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
WT (5 times)
NS (4 times)
CRC (2 times)
1996 Prognosis is correlated with p53 mutation type for soft tissue sarcoma patients.
43  faecal sludge
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
TS (5 times)
MW (3 times)
TKN (2 times)
2000 On-site sanitation: when the pits are full--planning for resource protection in faecal sludge management.
44  Filtek Supreme
(19 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
AM (4 times)
EX (3 times)
KM (3 times)
2004 Comparison of surface finish of new aesthetic restorative materials.
45  foam sclerotherapy
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
EVLA (6 times)
GSV (6 times)
RFA (4 times)
2003 Evaluation of the efficacy of polidocanol in the form of foam compared with liquid form in sclerotherapy of the greater saphenous vein: initial results.
46  forced swim stress
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
pCREB (5 times)
CFA (4 times)
ACC (3 times)
1994 The behavioral response to stress is altered in adult rats exposed prenatally to cocaine.
47  shortening fraction
(19 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
EF (11 times)
LV (4 times)
LVEF (3 times)
1979 [Echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular function in ischemic heart disease (IHD)].
48  fluorescein sodium
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ICG (4 times)
5-ALA (2 times)
GV (2 times)
2003 [Cationic lipid and polyethylene glycol enhance liposomes-mediated cell transfection and increase the fluidity of liposomes membranes].
49  former smokers
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CS (13 times)
NS (13 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 Twins, smoking and mortality: a 12-year prospective study of smoking-discordant twin pairs.
50  FreeSurfer
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
MRI (4 times)
TIV (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
2008 FreeSurfer-initiated fully-automated subcortical brain segmentation in MRI using Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping.
51  foam stability
(16 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
FC (9 times)
EAI (7 times)
ESI (3 times)
1988 Functional and electrophoretic characteristics of faba bean (Vicia faba) flour proteins as affected by germination.
52  force spectroscopy
(16 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
AFM (15 times)
POPE (6 times)
POPG (4 times)
2004 Structural changes in human type I collagen fibrils investigated by force spectroscopy.
53  fine structure
(15 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ANSD (3 times)
SNHL (3 times)
DPOAE (2 times)
2000 Fine structure and multicomponents of the electrically evoked otoacoustic emission in gerbil.
54  Fowler-Stephens
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
IAT (2 times)
NPT (2 times)
FSH (1 time)
2001 A multi-institutional analysis of laparoscopic orchidopexy.
55  Functional Score
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
KS (4 times)
TKA (3 times)
dcSSc (2 times)
1987 Ventilatory muscle dysfunction in patients with bilateral idiopathic diaphragmatic paralysis: reversal by intermittent external negative pressure ventilation.
56  fibrosis score
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HRCT (3 times)
IPF (3 times)
NCCP (3 times)
2005 The Medical Research Council dyspnea scale in the estimation of disease severity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
57  Freedom Solo
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AVR (7 times)
SVD (3 times)
beta-TG (1 time)
2011 Thrombocytopenia after aortic valve replacement with the Sorin Freedom Solo prosthesis.
58  filled surfaces
(13 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
DS (7 times)
DFS (4 times)
DT (4 times)
1979 Identification of high caries risk children using prevalence of filled surfaces as predictor variable for incidence.
59  frailty syndrome
(13 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
TFI (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2007 Emerging therapies to treat frailty syndrome in the elderly.
60  full sternotomy
(13 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
AVR (7 times)
RDAVR (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
2006 [Clinical impact of partial sternotomy for off-pump coronary artery bypass].
61  furosemide
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BB (2 times)
ACTZ (1 time)
ALT/AST (1 time)
1994 Carbonic anhydrase-immobilized precolumn for selective on-line sample pretreatment in high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of certain sulphonamide drugs.
62  Fatigue Scale
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CFS (4 times)
BDI (2 times)
DAL (2 times)
2002 PSYCHIATRIC EVALUATION OF LIMB FRACTURE PATIENTS.
63  fatty streaks
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
DIT (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1977 Relationship of advanced atherosclerosis lesions to fibrous plaques in 19 location-race groups.
64  film-screen
(12 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
CR (6 times)
BI-RADS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1988 Conventional vs computed radiography: evaluation of myelography.
65  fish sperm
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CT (4 times)
CHO (2 times)
CTAB (2 times)
2003 Novel fluorescent colloids as a DNA fluorescence probe.
66  food security
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
FI (3 times)
NR (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2003 [Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000].
67  forskolin
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AC (5 times)
8-Br-cAMP (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
1989 Chloride current activated by cyclic AMP and parathyroid hormone in rat osteoblasts.
68  forward scatter
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
SS (5 times)
ADP (2 times)
FCM (2 times)
1996 Relevance of forward scatter and side scatter in aneuploidy detection by flow cytometry.
69  function score
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
KS (9 times)
TKA (7 times)
CI (2 times)
2008 Computational active site analysis of molecular pathways to improve functional classification of enzymes.
70  functional sensitivity
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
Tg (3 times)
DTC (2 times)
IS (2 times)
1981 Quantitative cell fusion: the fusion sensitivity (FS) potential.
71  feed solution
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DS (8 times)
FO (7 times)
AL-DS (2 times)
2013 Microencapsulation of bioactive principles with an airless spray-gun suitable for processing high viscous solutions.
72  field size
(11 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
CC (2 times)
FFF (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1992 Photon beam attenuation for a patient support assembly during arc therapy for a medical linear accelerator.
73  fracture strength
(11 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
FFL (4 times)
TC (3 times)
C-FP (2 times)
2003 Flexural fatigue behavior of resin composite dental restoratives.
74  furosemide-sensitive
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
OR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
BS (1 time)
1985 Effect of metabolic depletion on the furosemide-sensitive Na and K fluxes in human red cells.
75  face scale
(10 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
VAS (3 times)
QOL (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1999 Multimeasure pain assessment in an ethnically diverse group of patients with cancer.
76  feeding systems
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
EBV (2 times)
HC (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2005 The interaction of strain of Holstein-Friesian cows and pasture-based feed systems on milk yield, body weight, and body condition score.
77  flight speed
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
CS (4 times)
ADG (3 times)
MOV (2 times)
2011 Temperament and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function are related and combine to affect growth, efficiency, carcass, and meat quality traits in Brahman steers.
78  fluorescein staining
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
BUT (3 times)
ZN (3 times)
MZN (2 times)
2008 Tear cytokine and ocular surface alterations following brief passive cigarette smoke exposure.
79  footshock stress
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PS (2 times)
SP (2 times)
AgRP (1 time)
1981 The influence of foot-shock stress upon brain, pituitary and spinal cord pools of immunoreactive dynorphin in rats.
80  force sense
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
JPS (4 times)
FP (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2009 Reliability and precision of hip proprioception methods in healthy individuals.
81  frozen section examination
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
FNAB (4 times)
FN (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1993 Influence of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and frozen section examination on the management of thyroid cancer.
82  fingerstick
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
OF (2 times)
aAG (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1977 Hemoglobin screening in prospective blood donors: a comparison of methods.
83  Flourishing Scale
(9 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
CFA (2 times)
BFQ (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 [The Flourishing Scale (FS) by Diener et al. is now available in an authorized German version (FS-D): application in mind-body medicine].
84  food supplements
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
API (1 time)
ARS (1 time)
BBW (1 time)
1997 Food supplementation during lactation shortens anestrus and elevates gonadotropins in rats.
85  full sibling
(9 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
HS (3 times)
FSI (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
2006 Genealogy of wine grape cultivars: "Pinot" is related to "Syrah".
86  fast-spiking interneurons
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
APC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2005 Localization of calcium-binding proteins in physiologically and morphologically characterized interneurons of monkey dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
87  fetal survival
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
OR (8 times)
IE (7 times)
ES (6 times)
1984 The influence of ovulation rate on subsequent litter size in sows.
88  fibrosis stage
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
HCV (3 times)
AST (2 times)
PLT (2 times)
2000 Early identification of recipients with progressive histologic recurrence of hepatitis C after liver transplantation.
89  Fighting Spirit
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AP (7 times)
HH (7 times)
Mini-MAC (5 times)
1999 The Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale: replication and refinement in 632 breast cancer patients.
90  fluorescein sulfonate
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
apocyt.c (1 time)
BBV (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1988 Membrane water and solute permeability determined quantitatively by self-quenching of an entrapped fluorophore.
91  focal seizures
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ES (2 times)
GS (2 times)
GTCS (2 times)
1996 Convulsions in tuberculous meningitis.
92  food secure
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
FI (5 times)
FIS (1 time)
FIWH (1 time)
2008 Food insecurity is not associated with lower energy intakes.
93  Framingham score
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AS (3 times)
CIMT (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
2006 Acromegaly and coronary disease: an integrated evaluation of conventional coronary risk factors and coronary calcifications detected by computed tomography.
94  frequency-shifted
(8 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
ADSD (1 time)
chi (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1981 Transfer effects from listening to frequency-controlled and frequency-shifted accelerated speech.
95  full-sib
(8 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
HS (3 times)
IBD (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1974 Genetic studies in an exotic population of corn (Zea mays L.) grown under two plant densities : II. Choice of a density environment for selection.
96  fast
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AUC (2 times)
NAT2 (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
1991 Leucine metabolism during fasting and exercise.
97  female sterilization
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CDH (2 times)
PPHN (2 times)
AD-CDH (1 time)
1983 Methodologic considerations in studies on female sterilization--a review for clinicians.
98  femtosecond laser
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MK (2 times)
SBS (2 times)
UCVA (2 times)
2007 [LASIK results of IntraLase femtosecond laser to correct myopia: efficacy, security and predictability].
99  Fermentation supernatants
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CE (2 times)
DB (2 times)
LB (2 times)
2016 In vitro fermentation of nuts results in the formation of butyrate and c9,t11 conjugated linoleic acid as chemopreventive metabolites.
100  feruloylserotonin
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CS (6 times)
SHT (3 times)
4CL (2 times)
2008 Endosperm-specific expression of serotonin N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase in rice.