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Abbreviation: Fr
Appearance Frequency: 318 time(s)
Long forms: 121

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
French
(87 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
PCI (8 times)
CI (3 times)
CAG (2 times)
1985 The effect of drainage tube size on adequacy of percutaneous abscess drainage.
Froude number
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
Re (4 times)
Ar (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2006 Wave drag on human swimmers.
fructose
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CHO (2 times)
CNTL (2 times)
Gal (2 times)
1982 Comparison of kinetic constants of hexose uptake in four animal species and man.
4-French
(16 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of the 5-French saline paediatric gastric tonometer.
ferritin
(13 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
sTfR (4 times)
EPO (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
1981 [Iron, folate and vitamin B12 in maternal blood and breast milk (author's transl)].
fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CAT (2 times)
GPx (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1997 [Constituents from the fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum (Fr.) Karst].
Friedman
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
KAS (3 times)
FWO (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
2017 Kinetics of thermal decomposition of some biomasses in an inert environment. An investigation of the effect of lead loaded by biosorption.
frondosa
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AMPA (1 time)
FST (1 time)
GF (1 time)
2007 [Isolation and characterization of lectin from the surface of Grifola frondosa (FR.) S.F. Gray mycelium].
fructosamine
(4 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
BG (2 times)
1,5-AG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1991 An open prospective study on the effects on carbohydrate metabolism of an oral monophasic contraceptive containing gestodene (WL-70).
10  fungus Heterobasidion annosum
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
--- 2001 Plant pathogens. Mitochondrial control of fungal hybrid virulence.
11  fungus, Alternaria alternata
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HPLC (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
TeA (1 time)
1988 Fungal volatiles associated with moldy grain in ventilated and non-ventilated bin-stored wheat.
12  fasciculare
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 1967 Naematolin, a new biologically active substance produced by Naematoloma fasciculare (Fr.) Karst.
13  fragment
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1991 Studies on anti-von Willebrand factor (vWF) monoclonal antibody NMC-4, which inhibits both ristocetin- and botrocetin-induced vWF binding to platelet glycoprotein Ib.
14  French gauge
(3 times)
Acute Disease
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ETT (1 time)
HFOV (1 time)
2009 The effects of closed endotracheal suction on ventilation during conventional and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation.
15  fungi, namely, Alternaria alternata
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
Fres (1 time)
Pers (1 time)
2000 The effect of non-pathogenic phylloplane fungi on life-history traits of urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae).
16  fungus Ganoderma lucidum
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GAS (2 times)
TX (2 times)
GFP (1 time)
1999 Differential effects of ganodermic acid S on the thromboxane A2-signaling pathways in human platelets.
17  retention factor
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
PF (2 times)
Cs (1 time)
2009 Variations in the transfer of radiocesium (137Cs) and radiostrontium (90Sr) from milk to cheese.
18  farinosa
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 First Report of Downy Mildew of Quinoa Caused by Peronospora farinosa f. sp. chenopodii in Denmark.
19  Frame shift
(2 times)
Hematologic Diseases
(1 time)
AFIP (1 time)
ARMS (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2012 Prevalence of various mutations in beta thalassaemia and its association with haematological parameters.
20  Freon-22
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
Ac (1 time)
Ha (1 time)
1986 Regulation of cutaneous gas exchange by environmental O2 and CO2 in the frog.
21  Froude
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
SSWS (1 time)
2018 Exploring the Metabolic and Perceptual Correlates of Self-Selected Walking Speed under Constrained and Un-Constrained Conditions.
22  fructose solution
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
Expt (1 time)
2016 [Comparative characteristics of in vivo models of hyperlipidemia in Wistar rats and C57Bl/6 mice].
23  fruit body of Pleurotus tuber-regium
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2000 A beta-D-glucan from the sclerotia of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Sing.
24  fungal pathogens Alternaria alternata
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Hyg (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2010 Enhanced resistance to fungal pathogens in transgenic Populus tomentosa Carr. by overexpression of an nsLTP-like antimicrobial protein gene from motherwort (Leonurus japonicus).
25  fungus Amylostereum areolatum
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2009 First Report of Amylostereum areolatum in Pines in the United States.
26  fungus Pleurotus pulmonarius
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
RBBR (1 time)
2006 Co-production of ligninolytic enzymes by Pleurotus pulmonarius on wheat bran solid state cultures.
27  fungus Pleurotus tuber-regium
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
WRF (1 time)
1999 Preliminary studies on the ligninolytic enzymes produced by the tropical fungus Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Sing.
28  furazolidone
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2008 Incidence of bacterial enteropathogens among hospitalized diarrhea patients from Orissa, India.
29  Fusarium avenaceum
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
--- 2002 Canker and wilt of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) caused by Fusarium species.
30  13-french
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BDS (1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
PTCD (1 time)
2018 Analysis of Wire-Guided Hemostasis Introducer for Percutaneous Therapy of Bile Duct Stones.
31  cell-free extracts of Claviceps purpurea
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1981 Incorporation of L-[U-14C] leucine into ergosine by cell-free extracts of Claviceps purpurea (Fr.) Tul.
32  Clermont-Ferrand
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2005 Zinc intake and status in middle-aged and older European subjects: the ZENITH study.
33  falling respiratory frequency
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
1990 [Diaphragmatic fatigue in hypovolemic shock].
34  Favolus arcularius
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1972 An Action Spectrum for Light-induced Primordium Formation in a Basidiomycete, Favolus arcularius (Fr) Ames.
35  Fayod, Alternaria alternata
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Oribatid mite (Acari, Oribatida) feeding on ectomycorrhizal fungi.
36  feasibility of 2.6-French
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CLABSI (1 time)
PICCs (1 time)
2019 Feasibility and Outcomes Associated With the Use of 2.6-Fr Double-Lumen PICCs in Neonates.
37  features of Pleurotus pulmonarius
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Micromorphological features of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quel. and P. ostreatus (Jacq.) P. Kumm. strains in pure and binary culture with yeasts].
38  feed rate
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
Bo (1 time)
FFF (1 time)
2019 Analysis of PLA Geometric Properties Processed by FFF Additive Manufacturing: Effects of Process Parameters and Plate-Extruder Precision Motion.
39  femoral radius of curvature
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
FAP (1 time)
TPr (1 time)
2012 An association of lateral knee sagittal anatomic factors with non-contact ACL injury: sex or geometry?
40  Fengweigu or Houbitake, Pleurotus sajor-caju
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1993 Antitumor protein-containing polysaccharides from a Chinese mushroom Fengweigu or Houbitake, Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Sings.
41  Fermi level
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TE (1 time)
2016 Engineering Band Structure via the Site Preference of Pb(2+) in the In(+) Site for Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of In6Se7.
42  Fibrinogen
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
FPA (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
2003 Peripheral artery disease in type 2 diabetes: the role of fibrinolysis.
43  fimetarius
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1958 [Nuclear exchanges in the basidiomycete Coprinus fimetarius (Fr)].
44  fine roots
(1 time)
DOC (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
SRC (1 time)
2017 Soil carbon and belowground carbon balance of a short-rotation coppice: assessments from three different approaches.
45  finger-tip
(1 time)
Leprosy
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
1989 Age-related Changes in Thermal Sensory Thresholds of Skin.
46  first design was 4.5-French
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ID (1 time)
LIDCs (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2018 Miniature ureteroscope distal tip designs for potential use in thulium fiber laser lithotripsy.
47  first report, Pycnoporellus fulgens
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1995 In vitro antifungal activity of Polyporaceae against yeasts and dermatophytes.
48  first-order
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Population pharmacokinetics of orally administrated bromopride: Focus on the absorption process.
49  five variables encoding hydrophobic
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NLM (1 time)
1994 A nonlinear map of substituent constants for selecting test series and deriving structure-activity relationships. 2. Aliphatic series.
50  floridanus Singer, P. pulmonarius
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2013 Nutritional and neutraceutical composition of five wild culinary-medicinal species of genus Pleurotus (higher Basidiomycetes) from northwest India.
51  fluidity and relative bioavailability
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
sCT (1 time)
2003 [Study on pulmonary delivery of peptide drugs in rats: effects of absorption enhancers on cellular membrane fluidity].
52  foliose lichen, Dirinaria consimillis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Pollution monitoring with the help of lichen transplant technique at some residential sites of Lucknow City, Uttar Pradesh.
53  followed by Alternaria alternata
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Mycological survey of ripped service tree fruits (Sorbus domestica L.) with an emphasis on toxinogenic fungi.
54  forces, radial
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1996 Pushrim forces and joint kinetics during wheelchair propulsion.
55  form of Inonotus obliquus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Physicochemical properties of melanins produced by Inonotus obliquus("chagi") in the nature and the cultivated fungus].
56  formation in Favolus arcularius
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1974 An action spectrum for photoinduction of pileus formation in a basidiomycete, Favolus arcularius.
57  former names Boletus badius
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 The relationship between metal composition, phenolic acid and flavonoid content in Imleria badia from non-polluted and polluted areas.
58  formulation
(1 time)
Drug Delivery Systems
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2020 Fabrication, optimization, and in vitro/in vivo evaluation of diclofenac epolamine flash tablet.
59  Forty-eight samples of Boletus badius
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BCF (1 time)
2017 Chemical composition and bioaccumulation ability of Boletus badius (Fr.) Fr. collected in western Poland.
60  Fr. and Physcia adscendens
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NAA (1 time)
2007 Testing applicability of black poplar (Populus nigra L.) bark to heavy metal air pollution monitoring in urban and industrial regions.
61  Fr., and Xanthoria
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2003 Phylogenetic study of Fulgensia and allied Caloplaca and Xanthoria species (Teloschistaceae, lichen-forming ascomycota).
62  Fr., and Xerocomus badius
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 The relationship between metal composition, phenolic acid and flavonoid content in Imleria badia from non-polluted and polluted areas.
63  Fr., Clavaria cinerea
(1 time)
Medicine, Ayurvedic
(1 time)
--- 1998 Wild edible mushrooms of meghalaya.
64  Fr., Suillus luteus
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
NM (1 time)
1999 Nutrient uptake by intact mycorrhizal Pinus sylvestris seedlings: a diagnostic tool to detect copper toxicity.
65  fraction of N
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Froude number fractions to increase walking pattern dynamic similarities: application to plantar pressure study in healthy subjects.
66  fraction of P. ostreatus
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1972 Studies on antitumor activity of some fractions from basidiomyces. I. An antitumor acidic polysaccharide fraction of P. ostreatus (Fr.) Quel.
67  fraction of the restricted compartment
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2013 Micro-structural assessment of short term plasticity dynamics.
68  fractional concentration
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FRC (1 time)
RV (1 time)
TG (1 time)
1990 Distribution of inhaled 99mtechnetium labelled ultrafine carbon particle aerosol (Technegas) in human lungs.
69  fractionated
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
2004 Enhancement of fractionated bone marrow transplantation on hematopoietic cell homing in a mouse allogeneic model.
70  Fractions
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
SQOOH (1 time)
2004 Potent protecting effects of Catuaba (Anemopaegma mirandum) extracts against hydroperoxide-induced cytotoxicity.
71  fractions of the N
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Froude number fractions to increase walking pattern dynamic similarities: application to plantar pressure study in healthy subjects.
72  fractured
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
ICDAS (1 time)
2018 Association of indirect restorations with past caries history and present need for restorative treatment in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966.
73  fragment substitution constant
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
1988 Structure-activity relationships for osteolathyrism: II. Effects of alkyl-substituted acid hydrazides.
74  fragments of Alternaria alternata
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
COS (1 time)
2010 Differential expression profiles of Alternaria alternate genes in response to carbonyl sulfide fumigation.
75  francium
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Radioactive ion beam transportation for the fundamental symmetry study with laser-trapped atoms.
76  francs
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
IDD (1 time)
NIDD (1 time)
1988 The cost of diabetes in France.
77  frankincense
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
NEs (1 time)
2018 Cytotoxicity and apoptosis enhancement in breast and cervical cancer cells upon coadministration of mitomycin C and essential oils in nanoemulsion formulations.
78  Freedom/SDI
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Dy (1 time)
Fu (1 time)
2002 In situ microhardness evaluation of glass--ionomer/composite resin hybrid materials at different post-irradiation times.
79  French size
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Intravascular ultrasound imaging in human peripheral and coronary arteries in vivo.
80  freshwater irrigation
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FFAs (1 time)
PV (1 time)
RWW (1 time)
2019 Effects of reclaimed wastewater irrigation and fertigation level on olive oil composition and quality.
81  Freundlich coefficient K
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Influence of competing inorganic cations on the ion exchange equilibrium of the monovalent organic cation metoprolol on natural sediment.
82  Friesians
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Ay (1 time)
1992 Relationship between testicular measurements, body weight and semen quality in young dairy bulls.
83  frizzle-feather
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
Na (2 times)
Cr (1 time)
2010 Influence of major genes for crested-head, frizzle-feather and naked-neck on body weights and growth patterns of indigenous chickens reared intensively in Kenya.
84  frondicola
(1 time)
--- 2013 A new approach to species delimitation in Septoria.
85  front crawl
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
Br (1 time)
1992 [Comparison of submaximal front crawl and breast stroke swimming in relation to energy expenditure].
86  frontal lobe
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CBL (1 time)
GWs (1 time)
HIP (1 time)
2019 Spatiotemporal expression of NDRG2 in the human fetal brain.
87  frozen specimens
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2003 Comparison of gene expression profiles between frozen original meningiomas and primary cultures of the meningiomas by GeneChip.
88  fruit bodies of Hohenbuechelia serotina
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Isolation and properties of N-acetyl-beta-D-hexosaminidase from the fungus Hohenbuechelia serotina].
89  fruit bodies of Lactarius pergamenus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Purification of a lectin from fruit bodies of Lactarius pergamenus (Fr.) Fr. and studies of its properties.
90  fruiting
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
Fo (1 time)
OM (1 time)
2018 Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Myrcianthes fragrans essential oil, a natural aromatizer of the traditional Ecuadorian beverage colada morada.
91  fruiting bodies of Lyophyllum decastes
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Chemical constituents from Lyophyllum decastes].
92  fruiting bodies of Pleurotus ostreatus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2009 [Purification and characterization of milk-clotting enzymes from oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus (Fr.) Kumm.)].
93  fruiting bodies of Pleurotus sajor-caju
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of extracts of fresh fruiting bodies of Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer.
94  fruiting bodies of Sarcodon scabrosus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TPA (1 time)
2004 Anti-inflammatory cyathane diterpenoids from Sarcodon scabrosus.
95  fruiting bodies of Sarcoscypha coccinea
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Purification and study of carbohydrate specificity of lectin from Sarcoscypha coccinea (Fr.) Lambette].
96  frusemide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CyA (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
1984 Enhancement of high dose cyclosporin A toxicity by frusemide.
97  fungal species, namely Alternaria alternata
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Antifungal activity of flavonoids isolated from mango (Mangifera indica L.) leaves.
98  fungal strains of Alternaria alternata
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Cellulase and xylanase activity of phytopathogenic and endophytic fungal strains of Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler].
99  fungi, including Alternaria alternata
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Antifungal Effect of Magnolol and Honokiol from Magnolia officinalis on Alternaria alternata Causing Tobacco Brown Spot.
100  fungus belonging to Cordyceps
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CZE (1 time)
2003 [Nucleoside from Cordyceps kyushuensis and the distribution of two active components in its different parts].