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Abbreviation: GA
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Long forms: 732

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gestational age
(2864 times)
Pediatrics
(849 times)
BW (432 times)
ROP (223 times)
BPD (195 times)
1978 Circumvallate placenta and intrauterine growth retardation.
genetic algorithm
(1333 times)
Medical Informatics
(226 times)
ANN (105 times)
SVM (104 times)
PLS (84 times)
1990 Genetic algorithms and evolution.
general anesthesia
(1326 times)
Anesthesiology
(332 times)
LA (172 times)
SA (91 times)
RA (85 times)
0 Does Local Soft Tissue Infiltration With a Liposomal Bupivacaine Cocktail Have a Synergistic Effect When Combined With Single-Shot Adductor Canal Peripheral Nerve Block in Knee Arthroplasty?
glutaraldehyde
(803 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(132 times)
SEM (48 times)
FTIR (39 times)
PEI (34 times)
1973 [Preparation of immunosorbents for viruses and rickettsia using glutaraldehyde (GA) and ethylchlorformate (EC)].
gallic acid
(589 times)
Biochemistry
(79 times)
EGCG (50 times)
ROS (50 times)
TA (26 times)
1980 Effects of toxicants on T-cell subpopulations as determined by lymphokine activity.
glycyrrhetinic acid
(470 times)
Pharmacology
(134 times)
GL (71 times)
HCC (14 times)
IL (14 times)
1979 Effects of glycyrrhetinic acid and its derivatives on delta 4-5 alpha- and 5 beta-reductase in rat liver.
glatiramer acetate
(456 times)
Neurology
(244 times)
MS (236 times)
RRMS (102 times)
IFN-beta (60 times)
2000 Characterization of T cell lines derived from glatiramer-acetate-treated multiple sclerosis patients.
geographic atrophy
(411 times)
Ophthalmology
(307 times)
AMD (242 times)
RPE (82 times)
FAF (73 times)
1988 Evolution of geographic atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium.
gibberellic acid
(355 times)
Botany
(166 times)
ABA (134 times)
IAA (30 times)
SA (18 times)
1964 [GIBBERELLIC ACID (GA) IN ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND IN THERAPEUTICS].
10  glycated albumin
(335 times)
Endocrinology
(89 times)
HbA1c (51 times)
FPG (31 times)
T2DM (25 times)
1984 Quantification of nonenzymically glycated albumin and total serum protein by affinity chromatography.
11  geldanamycin
(326 times)
Biochemistry
(88 times)
Hsp90 (107 times)
HSP (23 times)
17-AAG (22 times)
1995 Progesterone receptor structure and function altered by geldanamycin, an hsp90-binding agent.
12  glycolic acid
(272 times)
Dermatology
(41 times)
EG (24 times)
GA-I (24 times)
GCDH (13 times)
1967 Importance of galacturonic Acid in controlling the retting of flax.
13  gambogic acid
(221 times)
Neoplasms
(49 times)
ROS (13 times)
HA (5 times)
MM (5 times)
2004 Gambogic acid induces apoptosis and regulates expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 protein in human gastric carcinoma MGC-803 cells.
14  Golgi apparatus
(192 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
ER (44 times)
RER (18 times)
AD (15 times)
1978 Histochemical studies on the morphology of the Golgi apparatus and its relation to catecholamine biosynthesis in the locus coeruleus of Rhesus and crab-eating monkeys.
15  granuloma annulare
(168 times)
Dermatology
(127 times)
NL (12 times)
AEGCG (4 times)
DM (4 times)
1977 Granuloma annulare and sarcoidosis.
16  gum arabic
(167 times)
Chemistry
(35 times)
MD (10 times)
PVP (6 times)
SEM (6 times)
1982 Subchronic effects of gum arabic (Acacia) in the rat.
17  geriatric assessment
(117 times)
Neoplasms
(79 times)
IADL (12 times)
OS (12 times)
ADL (9 times)
1991 Medicare reimbursement for geriatric assessment: report of the American Geriatrics Society Ad Hoc Committee on Geriatrics Assessment.
18  glycidamide
(104 times)
Toxicology
(51 times)
AA (87 times)
Hb (16 times)
AAMA (9 times)
1992 Linear versus nonlinear models for hemoglobin adduct formation by acrylamide and its metabolite glycidamide: implications for risk estimation.
19  18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid
(86 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
GL (12 times)
ROS (4 times)
AR (3 times)
1991 Hydrolysis of glycyrrhizin to 18 beta-glycyrrhetyl monoglucuronide by lysosomal beta-D-glucuronidase of animal livers.
20  gastrocnemius
(63 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
TA (34 times)
BF (14 times)
RF (14 times)
1990 Turkey muscle growth and focal myopathy.
21  gastric adenocarcinoma
(57 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
OS (9 times)
DSS (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2004 Biological markers in Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis and carcinoma: the value of a scoring system.
22  glucoamylase
(50 times)
Biotechnology
(23 times)
GOx (4 times)
aa (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1983 Organ culture of the small intestine of the suckling mouse in a serum-free medium.
23  glutaminase
(47 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
GDH (9 times)
GS (7 times)
PEPCK (4 times)
1988 Changes in glutamate-cycle enzyme mRNA levels in a rat model of hepatic encephalopathy.
24  general
(42 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
LA (12 times)
RA (10 times)
CEA (7 times)
1980 Comparison of the effects of spinal anaesthesia and general anaesthesia on postoperative oxygenation and perioperative mortality.
25  gait analysis
(41 times)
Rehabilitation
(11 times)
CP (9 times)
GPS (3 times)
DS (2 times)
1992 Effect of captopril on functional, physiological and biochemical outcome criteria in aged heart failure patients.
26  gouty arthritis
(41 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
RA (15 times)
OA (13 times)
MSU (8 times)
1984 Concentrations of prostaglandins D2, E2, F2 alpha, 6-keto-F1 alpha and thromboxane B2 in synovial fluid from patients with inflammatory joint disorders and osteoarthritis.
27  gyrate atrophy
(38 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
OAT (25 times)
BCVA (4 times)
RPE (3 times)
1981 Systemic manifestations of gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina.
28  Georgia
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FL (5 times)
LA (5 times)
NC (5 times)
1982 Geographic variation in Peromyscus leucopus: short-day induced reproductive regression and spontaneous recrudescence.
29  ganoderic acid
(32 times)
Biotechnology
(13 times)
HS (5 times)
HMGR (3 times)
MeJA (3 times)
2002 Two-stage culture process for improved production of ganoderic acid by liquid fermentation of higher fungus Ganoderma lucidum.
30  group A
(31 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
GB (26 times)
GC (7 times)
BMI (2 times)
1984 [Coronary circulation in asymmetrical hypertrophy of the interventricular septum. On a new pathogenic hypothesis].
31  gentisic acid
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
SA (18 times)
SUA (9 times)
ASA (6 times)
1981 Salicylate metabolite kinetics after several salicylates.
32  ginkgolide A
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
GB (20 times)
BB (11 times)
GC (9 times)
1998 Inhibitory effects of ginkgolides on nitric oxide production in neonatal rat microglia in vitro.
33  glutaric
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PAH (4 times)
GDD (3 times)
MMA (3 times)
1982 Plasma and brain levels of glutamate and pyroglutamate after oral monosodium glutamate to rats.
34  gastric aspirate
(27 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
TB (10 times)
IS (6 times)
Mtb (5 times)
1994 Value of examination of the gastric aspirate for the diagnosis of neonatal infection.
35  graphene aerogel
(26 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
MOF (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
4-NP (1 time)
2013 Self-assembled Fe₂O₃/graphene aerogel with high lithium storage performance.
36  gum acacia
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CKD (8 times)
FTIR (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
2002 Improved survival of Lactobacillus paracasei NFBC 338 in spray-dried powders containing gum acacia.
37  genomic alterations
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CGP (8 times)
CRGA (5 times)
NGS (4 times)
1997 Loss of heterozygosity and microsatellite instability in breast hyperplasia. No obligate correlation of these genetic alterations with subsequent malignancy.
38  gestation
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
PNA (3 times)
PT (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1996 The cost of prematurity: a case-control study of twins vs singletons.
39  general aviation
(20 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(11 times)
NTSB (5 times)
FAA (2 times)
NEXRAD (2 times)
2002 Cross-country VFR crashes: pilot and contextual factors.
40  Gamblers Anonymous
(19 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
PG (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ASI (1 time)
1991 Examining the relationship between spousal involvement in Gam-Anon and relapse behaviors in pathological gamblers.
41  ginkgolic acid
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SUMO (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
2002 In vitro evaluation of the cytotoxic potential of alkylphenols from Ginkgo biloba L.
42  graphical analysis
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(7 times)
PET (8 times)
BPI (4 times)
CBF (4 times)
1999 An alternative approach to estimation of the brain perfusion index for measurement of cerebral blood flow using technetium-99m compounds.
43  global assessment
(17 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
CI (2 times)
EM (2 times)
ES (2 times)
1999 Interobserver variability among faculty in evaluations of residents' clinical skills.
44  glyoxylic acid
(16 times)
Histocytochemistry
(4 times)
AChE (1 time)
AEM (1 time)
BFS (1 time)
1976 A methodological approach to rapid and sensitive monoamine histofluorescence using a modified glyoxylic acid technique: the SPG method.
45  general anesthesia alone
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EA (4 times)
SA (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
1989 Combined epidural and general anesthesia versus general anesthesia in patients having colon and rectal anastomoses.
46  gonial angle
(15 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
MPA (4 times)
FH (2 times)
LGA (2 times)
1991 The evaluation of horizontal reference planes of adult Chinese in natural head position.
47  gastric atrophy
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
IM (6 times)
GC (5 times)
H. pylori (3 times)
1996 Lack of association between helicobacter pylori and gastric atrophy or intestinal metaplasia in elderly patients.
48  gestational age at birth
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
BW (5 times)
ROP (3 times)
BPD (2 times)
1984 Respiratory pauses in very low risk prematurely born infants reaching normal term. A comparison to full-term newborns.
49  active gibberellin
(13 times)
Botany
(8 times)
ABA (3 times)
ET (2 times)
BR (1 time)
1975 Red light induced production of gibberellin-like substances in homogenates of etiolated wheat leaves and in suspensions of intact etioplasts.
50  graft arteriosclerosis
(13 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CMN (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
EMB (1 time)
1992 Morphology of graft arteriosclerosis in cardiac transplant recipients.
51  Gardner-Arnstein
(12 times)
Virology
(6 times)
ST (9 times)
FeSV (7 times)
FeLV (5 times)
1980 Biochemical and immunological characterization of polyproteins coded for by the McDonough, Gardner-Arnstein, and Snyder-Theilen strains of feline sarcoma virus.
52  gluten ataxia
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CD (5 times)
GFD (3 times)
AGA (2 times)
2007 Gluten ataxia: passive transfer in a mouse model.
53  Genome Analyzer
(11 times)
Science
(5 times)
SNPs (2 times)
FLX (1 time)
MAF (1 time)
2009 Hybrid selection of discrete genomic intervals on custom-designed microarrays for massively parallel sequencing.
54  glycosylasparaginase
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AGU (7 times)
beta-AHA (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
1995 Finnish-type aspartylglucosaminuria detected by oligonucleotide ligation assay.
55  group additivity
(11 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MS-T (2 times)
RERs (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
2005 Thermochemical properties, rotation barriers, and group additivity for unsaturated oxygenated hydrocarbons and radicals resulting from reaction of vinyl and phenyl radical systems with O2.
56  gastric accommodation
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
FD (3 times)
GE (3 times)
IGP (2 times)
2010 The Reproducibility of Tc-Pertechnetate Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) for Measurement of Gastric Accommodation in Healthy Humans: Evaluation of the Test Results Performed at the Same Time and Different Time of the Day.
57  generalized anxiety
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
HAMA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
1991 Parental representations of patients with panic disorder and generalised anxiety disorder.
58  glomerular area
(10 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
GSI (3 times)
AL (2 times)
BUN (2 times)
1993 The early effects of dietary restriction on the pathogenesis of chronic renal disease in Sprague-Dawley rats at 12 months.
59  glucosamine
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CH (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
2-DOG (1 time)
1975 Genetic control of susceptibility to hydroxyproline in Drosophila.
60  glycoalbumin
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
1,5-AG (4 times)
CGM (2 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
1988 Binding and transcytosis of glycoalbumin by the microvascular endothelium of the murine myocardium: evidence that glycoalbumin behaves as a bifunctional ligand.
61  granulocyte agglutination
(10 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
GIF (6 times)
LC (3 times)
GC (2 times)
1981 Effect of leukocyte antibodies on the fate in vivo of indium-111-labeled granulocytes.
62  gymnemic acid
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
GAPDH (2 times)
AMLO (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1996 Taste in chimpanzee: I. The summated response to sweeteners and the effect of gymnemic acid.
63  gain asymmetry
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
vHIT (3 times)
VOR (3 times)
PCI (2 times)
2005 Search-coil head-thrust and caloric tests in Meniere's disease.
64  gas-phase acidity
(9 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
CEE (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2009 The ever-surprising chemistry of boron: enhanced acidity of phosphine.boranes.
65  gene amplification
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
IHC (5 times)
GCN (3 times)
FISH (2 times)
1991 The dynamics of gene amplification described as a multitype compartmental model and as a branching process.
66  gomisin A
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
NO (5 times)
eNOS (4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
2007 Gomisin A from Schisandra chinensis induces endothelium-dependent and direct relaxation in rat thoracic aorta.
67  gonarthrosis
(9 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
OA (2 times)
ASG (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1994 Bone mineral distribution of the proximal tibia in gonarthrosis assessed in vivo by photon absorption.
68  Granulocytic anaplasmosis
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
PCR (3 times)
IFA (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2008 Differential exposure to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in rodent species in northern California.
69  guanine-adenine
(9 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GG (3 times)
CI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2004 Detection of guanine-adenine mismatches by surface plasmon resonance sensor carrying naphthyridine-azaquinolone hybrid on the surface.
70  gastric adenoma
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
GC (3 times)
CG (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1994 Long-term follow-up study of patients with gastric adenomas with malignant transformation. An immunohistochemical and histochemical analysis.
71  general activity
(8 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
PS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1977 A COMPREHENSIVE FACTOR ANALYSIS OF PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE ITEMS: A TEST OF TWENTY PUTATIVE FACTOR HYPOTHESES.
72  genioglossus advancement
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
OSA (6 times)
UPPP (4 times)
ESS (3 times)
2000 Fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy for airway monitoring after obstructive sleep apnea surgery.
73  geniposidic acid
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CA (3 times)
AN (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1997 Comparisons of geniposidic acid and geniposide on antitumor and radioprotection after sublethal irradiation.
74  L-glutamic acid and L-alanine
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
GT (5 times)
GAT (2 times)
Ir (2 times)
1971 Specific immune response genes of the guinea pig. 3. Linkage of the GA and GT immune response genes to histocompatibility genotypes in inbred guinea pigs.
75  galanin
(7 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1985 Immunohistochemical mapping of galanin-like neurons in the rat central nervous system.
76  Gallbladder agenesis
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HIDA (2 times)
MRCP (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
2009 Gallbladder agenesis and cystic duct absence in an adult patient diagnosed by magnetic resonance cholangiography: report of a case and review of the literature.
77  gallic
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CA (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2005 Effect of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) tea on topoisomerase inhibition and oral carcinoma cell proliferation.
78  gangliosides
(7 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CML (1 time)
CREAE (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
1988 Characterization of the antinociceptive effects of a ganglioside derivative in rodents.
79  gemistocytic astrocytoma
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
AIB (1 time)
1983 Regional blood-to-tissue transport in avian sarcoma virus (ASV)-induced brain tumors.
80  generalized anisotropy
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
FA (3 times)
SE (3 times)
GDTI (2 times)
2007 Biexponential and diffusional kurtosis imaging, and generalised diffusion-tensor imaging (GDTI) with rank-4 tensors: a study in a group of healthy subjects.
81  geodesic anisotropy
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
DTI (6 times)
FA (4 times)
MD (3 times)
2006 Fiber tract-oriented statistics for quantitative diffusion tensor MRI analysis.
82  geometric algebra
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EPR (3 times)
PIR (1 time)
SVP (1 time)
2011 Analyzing three-player quantum games in an EPR type setup.
83  Gibson assembly
(7 times)
Virology
(5 times)
BGMV (1 time)
BRMV (1 time)
hEF-1alpha (1 time)
2015 Generation of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus by in vitro assembly of viral genomic cDNA fragments.
84  glycoalkaloid
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
GFS (1 time)
OAP (1 time)
PGR (1 time)
2001 Interactions of aphid herbivory and nitrogen availability on the total foliar glycoalkaloid content of potato plants.
85  Gracilis arteries
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
20-HETE (5 times)
CP450 (5 times)
17-ODYA (4 times)
2001 20-HETE modulates myogenic response of skeletal muscle resistance arteries from hypertensive Dahl-SS rats.
86  graded activity
(7 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
LBP (3 times)
EXP (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
2007 Substantial sick-leave costs savings due to a graded activity intervention for workers with non-specific sub-acute low back pain.
87  growth anomaly
(7 times)
Biology
(3 times)
BGC (1 time)
BrB (1 time)
CCWS (1 time)
2012 Extended geographic distribution of several Indo-Pacific coral reef diseases.
88  Galangin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
QU (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AO (1 time)
2003 Effects of flavonoids on cisplatin-induced apoptosis of HL-60 and L1210 leukemia cells.
89  gelatin A
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BSA (3 times)
GB (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
2012 Condensation, complex coacervation, and overcharging during DNA-gelatin interactions in aqueous solutions.
90  Gelidium amansii
(6 times)
Food Analysis
(3 times)
HF (3 times)
CON (2 times)
TC (2 times)
2015 Efficient approach for bioethanol production from red seaweed Gelidium amansii.
91  genetically altered
(6 times)
Laboratory Animal Science
(4 times)
ID (1 time)
WG Berlin AWO (1 time)
2006 Assessing the welfare of genetically altered mice.
92  globally amphiphilic
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
non-GA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CpHMD (1 time)
2009 Sequence-directed organization of beta-peptides in self-assembled monolayers.
93  graft area
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AMI (1 time)
BGC (1 time)
BIMA (1 time)
1984 Graft formation in Solanum pennellii (Solanaceae).
94  group treated with ATRA
(6 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GS (8 times)
ATRA (6 times)
SHO (6 times)
2009 Effect of all-trans retinoic acid on renal expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in rats with glomerulosclerosis.
95  growth regulator gibberellin
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
pkl (2 times)
CK (1 time)
FT (1 time)
1997 Cellular differentiation regulated by gibberellin in the Arabidopsis thaliana pickle mutant.
96  gatifloxacin
(5 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
LE (2 times)
MX (2 times)
2000 Comparative pharmacodynamics of gatifloxacin and ciprofloxacin in an in vitro dynamic model: prediction of equiefficient doses and the breakpoints of the area under the curve/MIC ratio.
97  generalized arousal
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
NGC (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2008 Steady-state methadone effect on generalized arousal in male and female mice.
98  genetic association
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CLD (1 time)
CWP (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2008 Exploring the genetic susceptibility of chronic widespread pain: the tender points in genetic association studies.
99  gestational age at delivery
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BW (3 times)
AL (1 time)
BL (1 time)
1998 Development of macronutrient composition of very preterm human milk.
100  GFP-aequorin
(5 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MBs (2 times)
GFP (1 time)
KCs (1 time)
2005 Visualization of local Ca2+ dynamics with genetically encoded bioluminescent reporters.