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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : GAL

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Abbreviation: GAL
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Long forms: 73

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
galanin
(687 times)
Neurology
(242 times)
NPY (184 times)
VIP (150 times)
SP (136 times)
1984 A galanin-like peptide in the central nervous system and intestine of the rat.
beta-galactosidase
(71 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
MAN (13 times)
Fuc (11 times)
GLU (11 times)
1973 Early warning of rejection?
galantamine
(50 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
AChE (12 times)
AD (9 times)
ACh (7 times)
1990 Stereoselectivity of cholinesterase inhibition by galanthamine and tolerance in humans.
galactosemia
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CH (3 times)
PKU (3 times)
BD (2 times)
2002 Ethnic and gender patterns for the five congenital disorders in Texas from 1992 through 1998.
gallic acid
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CUR (2 times)
HUM (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
2008 Behavior of two different constituents of natural organic matter in the removal of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate by O3 and O3-based advanced oxidation processes.
alpha-galactosidase
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AK (1 time)
DGJ (1 time)
DP (1 time)
1984 [Evaluation of the degree of genetic divergence in the twin species of the common vole Microtus arvalis and Microtus subarvalis (Rodentia)].
galactose utilization
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
aa's (1 time)
1990 Molecular cloning and physical and functional characterization of the Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella typhi galactose utilization operons.
gallopamil
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
VER (2 times)
AML (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1988 Stereoisomers of calcium antagonists discriminate between coronary vascular and myocardial sites.
Gallyas method
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NFTs (4 times)
TR (4 times)
AD (3 times)
2001 Different conformation of neuronal tau deposits distinguished by double immunofluorescence with AT8 and thiazin red combined with Gallyas method.
10  gingival attachment level
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GCF (2 times)
Aa (1 time)
BI (1 time)
1991 Collagenase activity in recurrent periodontitis: relationship to disease progression and doxycycline therapy.
11  galactose metabolic
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Mutational hypersensitivity of a gene regulatory protein: Saccharomyces cerevisiae Gal80p.
12  galactose oxidase and aniline-catalyzed oxime ligation
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PAL (3 times)
IDs (1 time)
2013 Glycoproteomics enabled by tagging sialic acid- or galactose-terminated glycans.
13  gallic acid-l-leucine
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
LTB4DH (1 time)
NO (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2016 Gallic acid-l-leucine (GAL) conjugate enhances macrophage phagocytosis via inducing leukotriene B4 12-hydroxydehydrogenase (LTB4DH) expression.
14  glycyrrhetinic acid liposome
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
IgG (2 times)
IgM (2 times)
2011 Immunological adjuvant efficacy of glycyrrhetinic acid liposome against Newcastle disease vaccine.
15  Grow and Learn
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ANNs (1 time)
PCG (1 time)
1997 Detection of ECG waveforms by neural networks.
16  (-)-galanthamine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AChEI (1 time)
AD (1 time)
BuChE (1 time)
1999 Structure of acetylcholinesterase complexed with (-)-galanthamine at 2.3 A resolution.
17  D-galactosamine-intoxicated
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CCl4 (1 time)
GA (1 time)
1993 Pharmacokinetics of indocyanine green in rats with experimentally induced hepatic diseases.
18  GAL and mRNA
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Galanin gene expression in chromaffin cells is controlled by calcium and protein kinase signaling pathways.
19  galangin
(2 times)
Central Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
5-LPO (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BNC (1 time)
2008 Synergistic effects of the combination of galangin with gentamicin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
20  galanin gene
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
NAcc (1 time)
2011 Differential activity by polymorphic variants of a remote enhancer that supports galanin expression in the hypothalamus and amygdala: implications for obesity, depression and alcoholism.
21  galanthamine hydrobromide
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
GAL-LEU (1 time)
GAL-VAL (1 time)
1996 Pharmacological evaluation of novel Alzheimer's disease therapeutics: acetylcholinesterase inhibitors related to galanthamine.
22  Gallyas
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
2007 Silver diagnosis in neuropathology: principles, practice and revised interpretation.
23  general activation level
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
AEP (1 time)
AEPs (1 time)
1989 [Activity status in psychophysiologic studies. "Changes in the general activity level in psychophysiologic studies--an analysis of objective and subjective parameters"].
24  genital acquired lymphangiectasia
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LVA (1 time)
2018 Lymphaticovenous anastomosis and resection for genital acquired lymphangiectasia (GAL).
25  glucoalyssin
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GBN (2 times)
GNA (2 times)
GBE (1 time)
2005 Quantification of glucosinolates in leaves of leaf rape (Brassica napus ssp. pabularia) by near-infrared spectroscopy.
26  gradual AL
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
ALT (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1996 Correlation between gingivain/gingipain and bacterial dipeptidyl peptidase activity in gingival crevicular fluid and periodontal attachment loss in chronic periodontitis patients. A 2-year longitudinal study.
27  acid-alpha-galactosidase
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AGA (1 time)
CsGS (1 time)
RFOs (1 time)
2018 Metabolic process of raffinose family oligosaccharides during cold stress and recovery in cucumber leaves.
28  compounds--gallic
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
COU (1 time)
2001 Antioxidant capacity of phenolic and related compounds: correlation among electrochemical, visible spectroscopy methods and structure-antioxidant activity.
29  D,L-glyceraldehyde
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2001 Gelatin microspheres crosslinked with D,L-glyceraldehyde as a potential drug delivery system: preparation, characterisation, in vitro and in vivo studies.
30  D-galactose, galactose-fed group
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ARI (1 time)
CON (1 time)
HDP (1 time)
1998 Diabetic-like retinopathy: early and late intervention therapies in galactose-fed rats.
31  factor-galanin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2013 [Establishment of an N-2a cell line stably expressing mouse galanin and the effect of over-expressed galanin on the proliferation and apoptosis of N-2a cell].
32  GA and laparoscopic
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
GA/PVBO (1 time)
GAO (1 time)
2018 Paravertebral blocks reduce the risk of postoperative urinary retention in inguinal hernia repair.
33  gait abnormalities and lameness
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Hindlimb lameness and gait abnormalities in bitches with pyometra.
34  GAL group
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
IL (1 time)
SICU (1 time)
2017 The predictive value of plasma cytokines on gastroesophageal anastomotic leakage at an early stage in patients undergoing esophagectomy.
35  Galactomannan
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
OGTT (1 time)
2008 The Modifying Effects of Galactomannan from Canadian-Grown Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) on the Glycemic and Lipidemic Status in Rats.
36  galactomannan antigen
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
IC (1 time)
IFIs (1 time)
2012 (1-3)-beta-D-Glucan vs Galactomannan Antigen in Diagnosing Invasive Fungal Infections (IFIs).
37  galactose enriched
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
RL (1 time)
STD (1 time)
2014 Metabolic stress-induced microRNA and mRNA expression profiles of human fibroblasts.
38  galactose uptake genes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Validation of a model of the GAL regulatory system via robustness analysis of its bistability characteristics.
39  galactose-fed
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RLAR (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2016 Esculetin, a Coumarin Derivative, Inhibits Aldose Reductase Activity in vitro and Cataractogenesis in Galactose-Fed Rats.
40  galactose-responsive
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Polymorphisms in the yeast galactose sensor underlie a natural continuum of nutrient-decision phenotypes.
41  galactose-supplemented medium without glucose
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
MTG (1 time)
VDR (1 time)
1993 Regulation of vitamin D receptor abundance and responsiveness during differentiation of HT-29 human colon cancer cells.
42  galactose/N-acetyl galactosamine
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
TRY (1 time)
1992 Trypanosoma cruzi recognition by macrophages and muscle cells: perspectives after a 15-year study.
43  galactosidase
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
APOB1 (1 time)
LNPs (1 time)
Luc (1 time)
2014 Chemical modifications on siRNAs avoid Toll-like-receptor-mediated activation of the hepatic immune system in vivo and in vitro.
44  Galalpha1,3-Gal
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 A bioconjugate leveraging xenoreactive antibodies to alleviate cocaine-induced behavior.
45  GALANIN and GMAP prepropeptide
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AGRP (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
POMC (1 time)
2016 Effects of starvation on the expression of feeding related neuropeptides in the larval zebrafish hypothalamus.
46  galanin preproprotein
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
FCHL (1 time)
HTG (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2009 Galanin preproprotein is associated with elevated plasma triglycerides.
47  galanin-positive
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
FMRF (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
1997 Neuropeptide-containing nerve fibres in the human parotid gland: a semiquantitative analysis using an antibody against protein gene product 9.5.
48  galantamine drug
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2016 Ceria-containing uncoated and coated hydroxyapatite-based galantamine nanocomposites for formidable treatment of Alzheimer's disease in ovariectomized albino-rat model.
49  Galbonolide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PKS (1 time)
2014 A single module type I polyketide synthase directs de novo macrolactone biogenesis during galbonolide biosynthesis in Streptomyces galbus.
50  gallopamil HCl
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DIL (1 time)
LOEL (1 time)
NIF (1 time)
1990 Effects of calcium channel blockers on the development of early rat postimplantation embryos in culture.
51  galvanic
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
Co-Cr (1 time)
HSD (1 time)
2016 PEEK Primary Crowns with Cobalt-Chromium, Zirconia and Galvanic Secondary Crowns with Different Tapers-A Comparison of Retention Forces.
52  galvanic current
(1 time)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
HVS (1 time)
TENS (1 time)
2017 Can Direct Current Electrotherapy Be Used for Patients With Orthopedic Implants?
53  gambogic acid lysinate
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
2015 Gambogic Acid lysinate induces apoptosis in breast cancer mcf-7 cells by increasing reactive oxygen species.
54  gastroesophageal anastomotic leakage
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
IL (1 time)
SICU (1 time)
2017 The predictive value of plasma cytokines on gastroesophageal anastomotic leakage at an early stage in patients undergoing esophagectomy.
55  gene revealed a carbon source-dependent transcriptional activation of a UAS
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSRE (1 time)
Snf1p (1 time)
1996 Dual influence of the yeast Cat1p (Snf1p) protein kinase on carbon source-dependent transcriptional activation of gluconeogenic genes by the regulatory gene CAT8.
56  giant autofluorescent lymphocytes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
LAK (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
1988 Identification and selection of human lymphokine activated killer cell effectors and novel recycling intermediates by unique light-scattering properties.
57  gingival aesthetic line
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
2018 Midpalatal suture morphology and bone density evaluation after orthodontic expansion: a cone-bean computed tomography study in correlation with aesthetic parameters.
58  gingival attachment
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Randomized controlled trial of doxycycline in prevention of recurrent periodontitis in high-risk patients: antimicrobial activity and collagenase inhibition.
59  gingival attachment level measurements
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TAPP (1 time)
1990 Controlled force measurements of gingival attachment level made with the Toronto automated probe using electronic guidance.
60  glass-adherent
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NAL (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
1984 Cells involved in autologous rosette formation in mice. I. Two different subpopulations of thymocytes regulating autologous rosette formation.
61  glass-adherent lymphocytes from spleens
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
bLF (1 time)
hLF (1 time)
2003 Characterization of the human lactoferrin (HLF) cell line HLFK1, generated in CBA mice.
62  Glaucoma Activity Limitation
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
TTO (1 time)
2014 Is utility-based quality of life in adults affected by glaucoma?
63  glucose, aspartate, and lactobionate
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1995 Cardioplegic protection of hearts with pre-arrest ischaemic injury: effect of glucose, aspartate, and lactobionate.
64  glycine-alanine loop
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DHFR (1 time)
1996 Engineering specificity for folate into dihydrofolate reductase from Escherichia coli.
65  gradient lattice predictor
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
RLSL (1 time)
1990 Detection of coronary occlusions using autoregressive modeling of diastolic heart sounds.
66  gradual AL sites
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1996 A 2-year longitudinal study of elastase in human gingival crevicular fluid and periodontal attachment loss.
67  graphene antidot lattice
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
GAB (1 time)
2014 Dirac model of electronic transport in graphene antidot barriers.
68  grasp-and-loop
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EFTR (1 time)
GI (1 time)
GISTs (1 time)
2017 A novel grasp-and-loop closure method for defect closure after endoscopic full-thickness resection (with video).
69  grass pollen allergen
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2003 Intranasal IL-12 produces discreet pulmonary and systemic effects on allergic inflammation and airway reactivity.
70  guardian ad litem
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
DOJ (1 time)
2015 Addressing All Heads of the Hydra: Reframing Safeguards for Mentally Impaired Detainees in Immigration Removal Proceedings.
71  gut-associated lymphoid
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
Ag (1 time)
MALT (1 time)
NORs (1 time)
2002 Nucleolar organizer regions: their significance in the maturation of the gut-associated lymphoid tissue.
72  L-galactono-gamma-lactone
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2000 Molecular characterization of tobacco mitochondrial L-galactono-gamma-lactone dehydrogenase and its expression in Escherichia coli.
73  prepro-galanin
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
TH (1 time)
2001 Prepro-galanin messenger RNA levels are increased in rat locus coeruleus after treadmill exercise training.