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Abbreviation: GB
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Long forms: 397

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gallbladder
(590 times)
Gastroenterology
(153 times)
US (46 times)
CBD (44 times)
LC (36 times)
1976 [The concentration of electrolytes and water in the walls of the frog gall bladder following absorption of an isotonic fluid].
glioblastoma
(488 times)
Neoplasms
(190 times)
TMZ (52 times)
OS (46 times)
PFS (31 times)
1982 Translational mobility of concanavalin A receptors in normal and neoplastic glial cells.
glycine betaine
(247 times)
Botany
(60 times)
SOD (28 times)
BADH (25 times)
CAT (22 times)
1990 Survival in seawater of Escherichia coli cells grown in marine sediments containing glycine betaine.
Great Britain
(193 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(67 times)
bTB (15 times)
CI (13 times)
BSE (8 times)
1986 Diagnosis and treatment of heart failure in different European countries: a young AEMIE questionnaire.
grain boundary
(164 times)
Nanotechnology
(49 times)
MD (11 times)
GI (6 times)
NC (6 times)
2001 Wetting and structural transition induced by segregation at grain boundaries: a monte carlo study.
Ginkgolide B
(131 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
GA (26 times)
BB (15 times)
PAF (14 times)
2003 [Analysis and structure identification of trace constituent in the total ginkgolide by using LC/DAD/ESI/MS].
generalized Born
(127 times)
Chemistry
(85 times)
MD (25 times)
PB (23 times)
SA (7 times)
2001 Protein molecular dynamics with the generalized Born/ACE solvent model.
gastric bypass
(95 times)
General Surgery
(47 times)
SG (39 times)
BMI (21 times)
VBG (11 times)
1977 Management of the morbidly obese patient after small bowel bypass failure.
gastric banding
(78 times)
General Surgery
(41 times)
RYGB (25 times)
SG (24 times)
VBG (15 times)
1993 Vertical Banded Gastroplasty: One Treatment for Esophagitis and/or Weight Gain after Gastric Banding.
10  Ginkgo biloba
(52 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
MDA (4 times)
NE (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
1982 Effects of Ginkgo biloba on arterial smooth muscle responses to vasoactive stimuli.
11  glibenclamide
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
STZ (7 times)
DM (4 times)
4-AP (3 times)
1980 Kinetics-effect relations of glipizide and other sulfonylureas.
12  gradient boosting
(38 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
RF (20 times)
ML (12 times)
SVM (10 times)
2015 Prediction of Outcome in Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding Using Gradient Boosting.
13  gas-phase basicity
(35 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
PA (13 times)
DFT (4 times)
FT-ICR (3 times)
1994 Gas-phase basicities of serine and dipeptides of serine and glycine.
14  guanidinobenzoatase
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
9AA (7 times)
9-AA (3 times)
tPA (3 times)
1988 Relationship between two types of mouse sperm surface sites that mediate binding of sperm to the zona pellucida.
15  group B
(34 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
GA (31 times)
GC (8 times)
BMI (2 times)
1984 [Coronary circulation in asymmetrical hypertrophy of the interventricular septum. On a new pathogenic hypothesis].
16  G-Bond
(33 times)
Dentistry
(27 times)
CSE (7 times)
AD (4 times)
IB (4 times)
2005 The effect of the air-blowing step on the technique sensitivity of four different adhesive systems.
17  granzyme B
(31 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
FasL (4 times)
AR (3 times)
CL (3 times)
1998 Cytotoxic lymphocyte gene expression in peripheral blood leukocytes correlates with rejecting renal allografts.
18  Gay-Berne
(16 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
MD (4 times)
CG (2 times)
EMP (2 times)
2004 Molecular dynamics simulation study on the phase behavior of the Gay-Berne model with a terminal dipole and a flexible tail.
19  gonadoblastoma
(15 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
CIS (5 times)
DSD (4 times)
GCTs (3 times)
2005 Identification of germ cells at risk for neoplastic transformation in gonadoblastoma: an immunohistochemical study for OCT3/4 and TSPY.
20  Guanabara Bay
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
AAS (1 time)
AI (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2000 Zinc accumulation in phosphate granules of Ucides cordatus hepatopancreas.
21  Guillain-Barre
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ZIKV (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
1995 Sympathetic skin response in Guillain-Barre syndrome.
22  Gaussian beam
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
BB (2 times)
DOF (2 times)
BB-PAM (1 time)
1998 Quantitative evaluation of 2 x 2 arrays of Lucite cone applicators in flat layered phantoms using Gaussian-beam-predicted and thermographically measured SAR distributions.
23  gap balancing
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
MR (10 times)
TKA (8 times)
WOMAC (3 times)
2014 Clinical alignment variations in total knee arthroplasty with different navigation methods.
24  gastric bypass surgery
(12 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
BMI (2 times)
PA (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2003 The long-term results of gastric bypass on indexes of sleep apnea.
25  gingival bleeding
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CI (2 times)
AL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of a dental preventive program for Danish chocolate workers.
26  glioblastoma multiforme
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BBB (1 time)
BEV (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
1989 [Intraoperative radiation therapy for malignant glioma].
27  gnotobiotic
(11 times)
Laboratory Animal Science
(3 times)
GF (6 times)
CV (3 times)
DMH (2 times)
1977 Influence of intestinal microbes on heat production in germ-free, gnotobiotic and conventional mice.
28  grit-blasted
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
HA (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2000 Morphometric and mechanical evaluation of titanium implant integration: comparison of five surface structures.
29  glass beads
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Be-II (1 time)
Be-L (1 time)
COP (1 time)
1989 A new experimental model of ARDS and pulmonary hypertension in the dog.
30  glycopyrronium bromide
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
BDP (5 times)
FF (5 times)
COPD (3 times)
2014 Inhalation of glycopyrronium inhibits cigarette smoke-induced acute lung inflammation in a murine model of COPD.
31  ground beef
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
TSP (2 times)
APC (1 time)
BHI (1 time)
1978 Comparison of Bacterial Species Isolated from Ground Beef, Textured Soy Protein and Ground Beef Extended with Textured Soy Protein 1, 2.
32  ganglionic blockade
(9 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AVP (3 times)
BP (3 times)
PE (3 times)
1986 Effect of vasopressin and phenylephrine on arterial pressure and heart rate in conscious dogs.
33  gay and bisexual
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
LB (3 times)
PCa (3 times)
AOD (2 times)
2003 Sexual identity and substance use among undergraduate students.
34  glyceryl behenate
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
GM (2 times)
IBU (2 times)
2007 In-vitro/in-vivo correlation of pulsatile drug release from press-coated tablet formulations: a pharmacoscintigraphic study in the beagle dog.
35  GoldenBraid
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ATMT (1 time)
DR (1 time)
FB (1 time)
2011 GoldenBraid: an iterative cloning system for standardized assembly of reusable genetic modules.
36  gas bubbles
(8 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(5 times)
EVA (4 times)
DCS (3 times)
ADS (1 time)
1992 [The ultrasonic location of gas bubbles in the human bloodstream during work in a spacesuit].
37  global budget
(8 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
HT (2 times)
NHI (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2008 Changes in drug prescription utilization for diabetic and hypertensive outpatients after initiation of the National Health Insurance's Global Budget Program in Taiwan.
38  G-Bond Plus
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
EB (3 times)
MB (2 times)
1-SEA (1 time)
2011 Effect of smear layer characteristics on dentin bonding durability of HEMA-free and HEMA-containing one-step self-etch adhesives.
39  gastrostomy button
(7 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
SDS (3 times)
CCPD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1988 Feeding gastrostomy button: experience and recommendations.
40  Ginkgo biloba extract
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
1985 Effects of an extract of Ginkgo biloba on noradrenergic systems of rat cerebral cortex.
41  grain-based
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GF (3 times)
DCM (1 time)
FH (1 time)
2007 Endurance training on low-carbohydrate and grain-based diets: a case study.
42  green belt
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2009 Environmental impact of plantations in and around the petroleum refinery: a case study.
43  gabapentin
(6 times)
Malaria
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
PK (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2001 Spectrofluorimetric determination of vigabatrin and gabapentin in urine and dosage forms through derivatization with fluorescamine.
44  Galician Blond
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CLA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
HF (3 times)
2007 The effect of grazing on the fatty acid profile of longissimus thoracis muscle in Galician Blond calves.
45  gastrointestinal bleeding
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
BA (1 time)
HRS (1 time)
2007 [Postoperative upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cardiovascular surgery].
46  Gaussian binning
(6 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
QCT (4 times)
DCSs (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2006 Quasiclassical trajectory study of the Cl+CH4 reaction dynamics on a quadratic configuration interaction with single and double excitation interpolated potential energy surface.
47  glyburide
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
GZ (2 times)
BIS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1987 Different effects of glyburide and glipizide on insulin secretion and hepatic glucose production in normal and NIDDM subjects.
48  G-aenial Bond
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SU (4 times)
OX (3 times)
SBS (3 times)
2015 Effect of additional etching and ethanol-wet bonding on the dentin bond strength of one-step self-etch adhesives.
49  gallbladder bile
(5 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
CEN (1 time)
ChCDT (1 time)
1987 [Ceftriaxone, a cephalosporin with high hepatic elimination. Evaluation of its biliary clearance in man. Therapeutic value].
50  Garratt-Braverman
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
MS (2 times)
SCM (1 time)
2009 Which one is preferred: Myers-Saito cyclization of ene-yne-allene or Garratt-Braverman cyclization of conjugated bisallenic sulfone? A theoretical and experimental study.
51  gigabytes
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
SaaS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
1997 Image Storage Requirements for Treatment Planning and Verification.
52  Gilgit-Baltistan
(5 times)
Clinical Medicine
(2 times)
ARIs (1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
RSV (1 time)
2013 Molecular characterization of circulating respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genotypes in Gilgit Baltistan Province of Pakistan during 2011-2012 winter season.
53  glucobrassicin
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CYP (3 times)
NeoGB (3 times)
EROD (2 times)
1999 Modulation of cytochrome P-450 and glutathione S-transferase isoform expression in vivo by intact and degraded indolyl glucosinolates.
54  Granular Blue
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BDNF (2 times)
RGCs (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1983 Dopaminergic innervation of the hippocampus: evidence for midbrain raphe neurons as the site of origin.
55  Griffon Bruxellois
(5 times)
Science
(4 times)
SM (4 times)
CM (3 times)
CKCS (2 times)
2011 Effectiveness of breeding guidelines for reducing the prevalence of syringomyelia.
56  guanidinobutyrate
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GP (3 times)
GA (2 times)
SSADH (2 times)
1992 Identification of guanidino succinate as a putative endogenous source of the endothelium derived relaxing factor.
57  guanosine-borate
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AFP (1 time)
GB-Fc (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2014 A G₄K⁺ hydrogel stabilized by an anion.
58  Guaymas Basin
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AOA (1 time)
ESOM (1 time)
JdFR (1 time)
2010 Microbial diversity and biogeochemistry of the Guaymas Basin deep-sea hydrothermal plume.
59  garden biomass
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SAAP (1 time)
2007 [Estimation of Shenyang urban forest green biomass].
60  gingival biotype
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GT (2 times)
GW (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2014 On the relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness in young Caucasians.
61  glioblasts
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
NB (4 times)
ImN (3 times)
NSCs (3 times)
2001 A novel mode of asymmetric division identifies the fly neuroglioblast 6-4T.
62  gluteobiceps
(4 times)
Meat
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
LD (1 time)
1994 Muscle fibre type and size, and muscle capillary density in young double-muscled blue Belgian cattle.
63  Greater Beirut
(4 times)
Women's Health
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
WTS (1 time)
2012 Use of herbal medications and their perceived effects among adults in the Greater Beirut area.
64  green building
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CWM (1 time)
GBPs (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2013 Are green building features safe for preventive maintenance workers? Examining the evidence.
65  grit-blasting
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SBS (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2009 Effect acidic and alkaline/heat treatments on the bond strength of different luting cements to commercially pure titanium.
66  grouper brain
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
NNV (2 times)
BEI (1 time)
ORF (1 time)
2002 In vitro efficiency of intra- and extracellular immunization with mouse anti-YGNNV antibody against yellow grouper nervous necrosis virus.
67  Guillain-Barre syndrome
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
abs (1 time)
AM (1 time)
BD (1 time)
1987 Increased reactivity to HTLV-I in inflammatory nervous system diseases.
68  Gynura bicolor
(4 times)
Food
(1 time)
Abe (1 time)
Al (1 time)
Cyan (1 time)
2014 Antioxidant activity in extracts of 27 indigenous Taiwanese vegetables.
69  gambogic acid
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
GBA (1 time)
HSF1 (1 time)
2010 Gambogic acid inhibits Hsp90 and deregulates TNF-alpha/NF-kappaB in HeLa cells.
70  gas basicity
(3 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
EN (1 time)
IRMPD (1 time)
2011 Gas-phase chemistry of ionized and protonated GeF4: a joint experimental and theoretical study.
71  gelatin B
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2013 Effect of persistence length on binding of DNA to polyions and overcharging of their intermolecular complexes in aqueous and in 1-methyl-3-octyl imidazolium chloride ionic liquid solutions.
72  gene body
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AuxRE (1 time)
Col (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2015 Genome Wide Methylome Alterations in Lung Cancer.
73  generalized Born model
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MC (1 time)
2005 Detailed considerations for a balanced and broadly applicable force field: a study of substituted benzenes modeled with OPLS-AA.
74  generic brittle
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AED (3 times)
CI (1 time)
CNVs (1 time)
2018 Exploring generic brittleness and the demographic factors for its susceptibility in patients with epilepsy.
75  germ band
(3 times)
Gene Expression
(1 time)
SEs (1 time)
2000 Cell lineage analysis of pattern formation in the Tubifex embryo. II. Segmentation in the ectoderm.
76  gibbsite
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
2009 Adsorption properties of As(III) and Cr(VI) in water environment by calcined gibbsite.
77  gingivobuccal
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
2004 Reconstruction of early lower gingivo buccal complex lesions using floor of mouth advancement augmented with hyoglossus release.
78  ginseng berry
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GBE (1 time)
LLOD (1 time)
UPLC/MS (1 time)
2009 Pharmacokinetic study of ginsenoside Re with pure ginsenoside Re and ginseng berry extracts in mouse using ultra performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric method.
79  ginseng berry extract
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AILD (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BMDCs (1 time)
2015 Ginseng Berry Extract Promotes Maturation of Mouse Dendritic Cells.
80  Glasgow-Blatchford
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
UGIB (3 times)
AUCs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2017 Differences in the clinical course of 516 Japanese patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding between weekday and weekend admissions.
81  Glaxal Base
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MLV (2 times)
SUV (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2004 Hydroxyzine from topical phospholipid liposomal formulations: evaluation of peripheral antihistaminic activity and systemic absorption in a rabbit model.
82  glucan binding
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
PAcA (3 times)
IgG (2 times)
CPC (1 time)
1997 Effects of antibodies against cell surface protein antigen PAc-glucosyltransferase fusion proteins on glucan synthesis and cell adhesion of Streptococcus mutans.
83  glycarbylamide
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HPLC (1 time)
1999 Determination of glycarbylamide in chicken tissue by high-performance liquid chromatography.
84  glycogen body
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CNS (1 time)
DiI (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
2002 Effects of adrenergic agonists on glycogenolysis in primary cultures of glycogen body cells and telencephalon astrocytes of the chick.
85  Gobindobhog
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
LOX (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2012 Carbohydrate content and antioxidative potential of the seed of three edible indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars.
86  Goji berries
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ORAC (1 time)
RI (1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
2012 Recently introduced foods as new allergenic sources: sensitisation to Goji berries (Lycium barbarum).
87  Goldblatt
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
Ang (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2002 Angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene polymorphism influences chronic hypertensive response in the rat Goldblatt model.
88  granular bainite
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
BF (2 times)
CGHAZ (2 times)
2019 Effects of Mo addition on crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) in heat affected zones (HAZs) of high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels.
89  Graves-Basedow disease
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
TNG (2 times)
EO (1 time)
2006 [Tobacco smoking in patients with hyperthyroidism].
90  green banana
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
HFB (1 time)
2009 Green banana reduces clinical severity of childhood shigellosis: a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial.
91  green business
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
RMG (2 times)
CSR (1 time)
ISM (1 time)
2020 Overview of green business practices within the Bangladeshi RMG industry: competitiveness and sustainable development perspective.
92  greenish blue
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BB (2 times)
LED (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2012 Morphology-controlled synthesis of ZnO replicas with photonic structures from butterfly (Papilio paris) wing scales for tunable optical properties.
93  Grobiotic-P
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AA (2 times)
YCW (1 time)
2006 Effects of dietary ingredients and Eimeria acervulina infection on chick performance, apparent metabolizable energy, and amino acid digestibility.
94  group-based
(3 times)
Preventive Medicine
(1 time)
HC (2 times)
IC (2 times)
LDKT (2 times)
2014 Comparing the Effects of Group and Home-based Physical Activity on Mental Health in the Elderly.
95  guanabenz
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
NE (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
1990 Effects of intracerebroventricular administration of adrenoceptor-agonists on the regulation of renal water and electrolytes handling through endocrine, renal and hemodynamic function.
96  guanidine biboric acid adduct
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CML (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1998 A new boron compound (guanidine biboric acid adduct) as an antitumour agent against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice.
97  guard band
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SSB-OOFDM (3 times)
SE (2 times)
SSBI (2 times)
2013 Simple signal-to-signal beat interference cancellation receiver based on balanced detection for a single-sideband optical OFDM signal with a reduced guard band.
98  Guinea-Bissau
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AIDA (1 time)
GC (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2010 Improving HIV-2 detection by a combination of serological and nucleic acid amplification test assays.
99  gum base
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PLAC (1 time)
1991 Plaque-growth inhibiting effect of chewing gum containing urea hydrogen peroxide.
100  gypsum board
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BMs (1 time)
BTEX (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2017 Novel mold-resistant building materials impregnated with thermally reduced nano-silver.