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Abbreviation: GB
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Long forms: 336

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gallbladder
(469 times)
Gastroenterology
(133 times)
CBD (41 times)
US (37 times)
LC (24 times)
1976 [The concentration of electrolytes and water in the walls of the frog gall bladder following absorption of an isotonic fluid].
glioblastoma
(298 times)
Neoplasms
(133 times)
TMZ (33 times)
OS (29 times)
AA (21 times)
1982 Translational mobility of concanavalin A receptors in normal and neoplastic glial cells.
glycine betaine
(166 times)
Botany
(47 times)
BADH (20 times)
SOD (17 times)
Pro (13 times)
1990 Survival in seawater of Escherichia coli cells grown in marine sediments containing glycine betaine.
Great Britain
(158 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(57 times)
bTB (14 times)
CI (10 times)
BSE (8 times)
1986 Diagnosis and treatment of heart failure in different European countries: a young AEMIE questionnaire.
generalized Born
(121 times)
Chemistry
(81 times)
MD (24 times)
PB (23 times)
SA (6 times)
2000 Theory and applications of the generalized Born solvation model in macromolecular simulations.
grain boundary
(102 times)
Nanotechnology
(37 times)
GI (4 times)
MD (4 times)
CVD (3 times)
2001 Wetting and structural transition induced by segregation at grain boundaries: a monte carlo study.
ginkgolide B
(91 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
GA (21 times)
BB (13 times)
PAF (11 times)
2001 [Analysis and structure identification of trace constituent in the total ginkgolide by using LC/DAD/ESI/MS].
gastric bypass
(70 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
SG (22 times)
BMI (13 times)
VBG (11 times)
1977 Management of the morbidly obese patient after small bowel bypass failure.
gastric banding
(67 times)
Metabolism
(37 times)
RYGB (16 times)
SG (16 times)
VBG (14 times)
1993 Vertical Banded Gastroplasty: One Treatment for Esophagitis and/or Weight Gain after Gastric Banding.
10  Ginkgo biloba
(43 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
MDA (3 times)
NE (3 times)
GSH-Px (2 times)
1982 Effects of Ginkgo biloba on arterial smooth muscle responses to vasoactive stimuli.
11  glibenclamide
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
STZ (6 times)
4-AP (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1980 Kinetics-effect relations of glipizide and other sulfonylureas.
12  guanidinobenzoatase
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
9AA (10 times)
tPA (3 times)
MUGB (2 times)
1988 Relationship between two types of mouse sperm surface sites that mediate binding of sperm to the zona pellucida.
13  G-Bond
(33 times)
Dentistry
(27 times)
CSE (7 times)
AD (4 times)
IB (4 times)
2006 The effect of the air-blowing step on the technique sensitivity of four different adhesive systems.
14  gas-phase basicity
(29 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
PA (9 times)
DFT (4 times)
FTICR (3 times)
1994 Gas-phase basicities of serine and dipeptides of serine and glycine.
15  granzyme B
(29 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
FasL (4 times)
AR (3 times)
CL (3 times)
1998 Cytotoxic lymphocyte gene expression in peripheral blood leukocytes correlates with rejecting renal allografts.
16  group B
(29 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
GA (26 times)
GC (8 times)
BMI (2 times)
1984 [Coronary circulation in asymmetrical hypertrophy of the interventricular septum. On a new pathogenic hypothesis].
17  gonadoblastoma
(14 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
CIS (5 times)
DSD (4 times)
GCTs (3 times)
2005 Identification of germ cells at risk for neoplastic transformation in gonadoblastoma: an immunohistochemical study for OCT3/4 and TSPY.
18  Gay-Berne
(13 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MD (4 times)
EMP (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2004 Molecular dynamics simulation study on the phase behavior of the Gay-Berne model with a terminal dipole and a flexible tail.
19  Guillain-Barre
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ZIKV (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
1995 Sympathetic skin response in Guillain-Barre syndrome.
20  gastric bypass surgery
(10 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
BMI (2 times)
PA (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2003 The long-term results of gastric bypass on indexes of sleep apnea.
21  Gaussian beam
(10 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
BB (2 times)
DoF (2 times)
BB-PAM (1 time)
1998 Quantitative evaluation of 2 x 2 arrays of Lucite cone applicators in flat layered phantoms using Gaussian-beam-predicted and thermographically measured SAR distributions.
22  gnotobiotic
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
GF (5 times)
CV (3 times)
DMH (2 times)
1977 Influence of intestinal microbes on heat production in germ-free, gnotobiotic and conventional mice.
23  ganglionic blockade
(9 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AVP (3 times)
BP (3 times)
PE (3 times)
1986 Effect of vasopressin and phenylephrine on arterial pressure and heart rate in conscious dogs.
24  gingival bleeding
(9 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CI (2 times)
AL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of a dental preventive program for Danish chocolate workers.
25  glioblastoma multiforme
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BBB (1 time)
BEV (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
1989 [Intraoperative radiation therapy for malignant glioma].
26  glyceryl behenate
(9 times)
Pharmacy
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
GM (2 times)
IBU (2 times)
2007 In-vitro/in-vivo correlation of pulsatile drug release from press-coated tablet formulations: a pharmacoscintigraphic study in the beagle dog.
27  Guanabara Bay
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AAS (1 time)
AI (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2000 Zinc accumulation in phosphate granules of Ucides cordatus hepatopancreas.
28  gay and bisexual
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
LB (3 times)
PCa (3 times)
AOD (2 times)
2003 Sexual identity and substance use among undergraduate students.
29  gradient boosting
(8 times)
Biology
(1 time)
RF (3 times)
AUROC (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2015 Prediction of Outcome in Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding Using Gradient Boosting.
30  grit-blasted
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
HA (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
APP (1 time)
2000 Morphometric and mechanical evaluation of titanium implant integration: comparison of five surface structures.
31  G-Bond Plus
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
EB (3 times)
MB (2 times)
1-SEA (1 time)
2011 Effect of smear layer characteristics on dentin bonding durability of HEMA-free and HEMA-containing one-step self-etch adhesives.
32  gap balancing
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
MR (6 times)
TKA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Clinical alignment variations in total knee arthroplasty with different navigation methods.
33  gastrostomy button
(7 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
SDS (3 times)
CCPD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1988 Feeding gastrostomy button: experience and recommendations.
34  gabapentin
(6 times)
Malaria
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
PK (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2002 Spectrofluorimetric determination of vigabatrin and gabapentin in urine and dosage forms through derivatization with fluorescamine.
35  gas bubbles
(6 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(5 times)
EVA (4 times)
DCS (3 times)
ADS (1 time)
1992 [The ultrasonic location of gas bubbles in the human bloodstream during work in a spacesuit].
36  Gaussian binning
(6 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
QCT (4 times)
DCSs (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2006 Quasiclassical trajectory study of the Cl+CH4 reaction dynamics on a quadratic configuration interaction with single and double excitation interpolated potential energy surface.
37  Ginkgo biloba extract
(6 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
1985 Effects of an extract of Ginkgo biloba on noradrenergic systems of rat cerebral cortex.
38  glass beads
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Be-II (1 time)
Be-L (1 time)
COP (1 time)
1989 A new experimental model of ARDS and pulmonary hypertension in the dog.
39  global budget
(6 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
HT (2 times)
NHI (2 times)
OOP (1 time)
2008 Changes in drug prescription utilization for diabetic and hypertensive outpatients after initiation of the National Health Insurance's Global Budget Program in Taiwan.
40  glyburide
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
GZ (2 times)
BIS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1987 Different effects of glyburide and glipizide on insulin secretion and hepatic glucose production in normal and NIDDM subjects.
41  glycopyrronium bromide
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
COPD (3 times)
BDP (2 times)
FEV1 (2 times)
2014 Inhalation of glycopyrronium inhibits cigarette smoke-induced acute lung inflammation in a murine model of COPD.
42  GoldenBraid
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ATMT (1 time)
FB (1 time)
TUs (1 time)
2011 GoldenBraid: an iterative cloning system for standardized assembly of reusable genetic modules.
43  ground beef
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BHI (1 time)
CMM (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2001 Effects of postexsanguination vascular infusion of cattle with a solution of saccharides, sodium chloride, phosphates, and vitamins C, E, or C+E on meat display-color stability.
44  Galician Blond
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CLA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
PUFA (3 times)
2007 The effect of grazing on the fatty acid profile of longissimus thoracis muscle in Galician Blond calves.
45  gallbladder bile
(5 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
CEN (1 time)
ChCDT (1 time)
1987 [Ceftriaxone, a cephalosporin with high hepatic elimination. Evaluation of its biliary clearance in man. Therapeutic value].
46  Garratt-Braverman
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
MS (2 times)
SCM (1 time)
2009 Which one is preferred: Myers-Saito cyclization of ene-yne-allene or Garratt-Braverman cyclization of conjugated bisallenic sulfone? A theoretical and experimental study.
47  Gastrointestinal bleeding
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
HRS (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2007 [Postoperative upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cardiovascular surgery].
48  Granular Blue
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BDNF (2 times)
RGCs (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1983 Dopaminergic innervation of the hippocampus: evidence for midbrain raphe neurons as the site of origin.
49  Griffon Bruxellois
(5 times)
Science
(4 times)
SM (4 times)
CM (3 times)
CKCS (2 times)
2011 Effectiveness of breeding guidelines for reducing the prevalence of syringomyelia.
50  G-aenial Bond
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SU (4 times)
OX (3 times)
SBS (3 times)
2015 Effect of additional etching and ethanol-wet bonding on the dentin bond strength of one-step self-etch adhesives.
51  garden biomass
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SAAP (1 time)
2007 [Estimation of Shenyang urban forest green biomass].
52  Gilgit Baltistan
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ARIs (2 times)
HMIS (1 time)
LHWs-MIS (1 time)
2013 Molecular characterization of circulating respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genotypes in Gilgit Baltistan Province of Pakistan during 2011-2012 winter season.
53  glucobrassicin
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CYP (3 times)
NeoGB (3 times)
EROD (2 times)
1999 Modulation of cytochrome P-450 and glutathione S-transferase isoform expression in vivo by intact and degraded indolyl glucosinolates.
54  Guaymas Basin
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AOA (1 time)
ESOM (1 time)
MGI (1 time)
2010 Microbial diversity and biogeochemistry of the Guaymas Basin deep-sea hydrothermal plume.
55  Guillain-Barre syndrome
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
abs (1 time)
AM (1 time)
BD (1 time)
1987 Increased reactivity to HTLV-I in inflammatory nervous system diseases.
56  gas basicity
(3 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
EN (1 time)
IRMPD (1 time)
2011 Gas-phase chemistry of ionized and protonated GeF4: a joint experimental and theoretical study.
57  gelatin B
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2013 Effect of persistence length on binding of DNA to polyions and overcharging of their intermolecular complexes in aqueous and in 1-methyl-3-octyl imidazolium chloride ionic liquid solutions.
58  generalized Born model
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MC (1 time)
2005 Detailed considerations for a balanced and broadly applicable force field: a study of substituted benzenes modeled with OPLS-AA.
59  germ band
(3 times)
Gene Expression
(1 time)
SEs (1 time)
2000 Cell lineage analysis of pattern formation in the Tubifex embryo. II. Segmentation in the ectoderm.
60  gibbsite
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
2009 Adsorption properties of As(III) and Cr(VI) in water environment by calcined gibbsite.
61  Glaxal Base
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MLV (2 times)
SUV (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Hydroxyzine from topical phospholipid liposomal formulations: evaluation of peripheral antihistaminic activity and systemic absorption in a rabbit model.
62  glioblasts
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
NB (3 times)
ImN (2 times)
NSCs (2 times)
2001 A novel mode of asymmetric division identifies the fly neuroglioblast 6-4T.
63  glucan binding
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
PAcA (3 times)
IgG (2 times)
CPC (1 time)
1997 Effects of antibodies against cell surface protein antigen PAc-glucosyltransferase fusion proteins on glucan synthesis and cell adhesion of Streptococcus mutans.
64  gluteobiceps
(3 times)
Meat
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
LD (1 time)
LTL (1 time)
1994 Muscle fibre type and size, and muscle capillary density in young double-muscled blue Belgian cattle.
65  glycarbylamide
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HPLC (1 time)
1999 Determination of glycarbylamide in chicken tissue by high-performance liquid chromatography.
66  glycogen body
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CNS (1 time)
DiI (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
2001 Effects of adrenergic agonists on glycogenolysis in primary cultures of glycogen body cells and telencephalon astrocytes of the chick.
67  Goldblatt
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
Ang (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2002 Angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene polymorphism influences chronic hypertensive response in the rat Goldblatt model.
68  grain-based
(3 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
2007 Endurance training on low-carbohydrate and grain-based diets: a case study.
69  Graves-Basedow disease
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
TNG (2 times)
EO (1 time)
0 [Endocrine orbitopathy - the topic still alive].
70  Greater Beirut
(3 times)
Women's Health
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
WTS (1 time)
2012 Use of herbal medications and their perceived effects among adults in the Greater Beirut area.
71  green buildings
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CWM (1 time)
GI (1 time)
HKGBC (1 time)
2013 Are green building features safe for preventive maintenance workers? Examining the evidence.
72  grit-blasting
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
AM (1 time)
2009 Effect acidic and alkaline/heat treatments on the bond strength of different luting cements to commercially pure titanium.
73  Grobiotic-P
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
aa (2 times)
YCW (1 time)
2006 Effects of dietary ingredients and Eimeria acervulina infection on chick performance, apparent metabolizable energy, and amino acid digestibility.
74  group-based
(3 times)
Preventive Medicine
(1 time)
HC (2 times)
IC (2 times)
LDKT (2 times)
2013 Comparing the Effects of Group and Home-based Physical Activity on Mental Health in the Elderly.
75  grouper brain
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
BEI (1 time)
NNV (1 time)
ORF (1 time)
2002 In vitro efficiency of intra- and extracellular immunization with mouse anti-YGNNV antibody against yellow grouper nervous necrosis virus.
76  guanabenz
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
NE (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
1990 Effects of intracerebroventricular administration of adrenoceptor-agonists on the regulation of renal water and electrolytes handling through endocrine, renal and hemodynamic function.
77  guanidine biboric acid adduct
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CML (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1999 A new boron compound (guanidine biboric acid adduct) as an antitumour agent against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice.
78  guanidinobutyrate
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
GP (2 times)
SSADH (2 times)
1992 Identification of guanidino succinate as a putative endogenous source of the endothelium derived relaxing factor.
79  guanosine-borate
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
MAS (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
ThT (1 time)
2014 A G₄K⁺ hydrogel stabilized by an anion.
80  guard band
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SSB-OOFDM (3 times)
SE (2 times)
SSBI (2 times)
2013 Simple signal-to-signal beat interference cancellation receiver based on balanced detection for a single-sideband optical OFDM signal with a reduced guard band.
81  gum base
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PLAC (1 time)
1991 Plaque-growth inhibiting effect of chewing gum containing urea hydrogen peroxide.
82  G-Bond, GC
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
OB (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2011 Hydrolytic stability of one-step self-etching adhesives bonded to dentin.
83  G-Bond/Gradia Direct
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2006 Effect of air-drying time of single-application self-etch adhesives on dentin bond strength.
84  galantamine hydrobromide
(2 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
CWE (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2018 PVC membrane, coated-wire, and carbon-paste ion-selective electrodes for potentiometric determination of galantamine hydrobromide in physiological fluids.
85  gall bladder channel
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
AC (1 time)
BTC (1 time)
2001 Mitomycin C with weekly 24-h infusion of high-dose 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin in patients with biliary tract and periampullar carcinomas.
86  galphimine B
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
EPSCs (1 time)
IPSPs (1 time)
2003 Galphimine B modulates synaptic transmission on dopaminergic ventral tegmental area neurons.
87  gambogic acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
2010 Gambogic acid inhibits Hsp90 and deregulates TNF-alpha/NF-kappaB in HeLa cells.
88  Gasbench II
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EA (2 times)
CF-IRMS (1 time)
IRMS (1 time)
2006 Delta13C analyses of calcium carbonate: Comparison between the GasBench and elemental analyzer techniques.
89  gastric band operation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1998 A new paradigm for type 2 diabetes mellitus: could it be a disease of the foregut?
90  gastric biopsy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EGD (1 time)
FBR (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2014 Validation of a realistic simulator for veterinary gastrointestinal endoscopy training.
91  gaze behavior
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
HCI (1 time)
SZP (1 time)
2015 Visual fixation in human newborns correlates with extensive white matter networks and predicts long-term neurocognitive development.
92  gel base
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GEN (1 time)
GNN (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the use of low level laser and photosensitizer drugs in healing.
93  general breather
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
AB (2 times)
MS (2 times)
RW (2 times)
2013 Akhmediev breathers, Ma solitons, and general breathers from rogue waves: a case study in the Manakov system.
94  gentamicin base
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PU (1 time)
1997 Tissue reactions to bacteria-inoculated rat lead samples. II. Effect of local gentamicin release through surface-modified polyurethane tubing.
95  Georges Bank
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
GOM (1 time)
GSNWI (1 time)
MAB (1 time)
2014 Decadal changes in zooplankton of the Northeast U.S. continental shelf.
96  German Brown
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GH (2 times)
GR (2 times)
2004 [Body and claw measurements and pressure distribution under the claws in calves of different cattle breeds].
97  germanium biotite
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
Con A (1 time)
FMDV (1 time)
PRRSV (1 time)
2013 Antiviral effect of dietary germanium biotite supplementation in pigs experimentally infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
98  gigabytes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
MB (1 time)
1997 Image Storage Requirements for Treatment Planning and Verification.
99  gingival biotype
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GT (2 times)
GW (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2015 On the relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness in young Caucasians.
100  gingivobuccal
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
2004 Reconstruction of early lower gingivo buccal complex lesions using floor of mouth advancement augmented with hyoglossus release.