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Abbreviation: GBM
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Long forms: 125

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glioblastoma multiforme
(5394 times)
Neoplasms
(2114 times)
TMZ (478 times)
OS (246 times)
EGFR (193 times)
1983 Necrosis as a prognostic criterion in malignant supratentorial, astrocytic gliomas.
glioblastoma
(4637 times)
Neoplasms
(2068 times)
TMZ (472 times)
OS (374 times)
PFS (215 times)
0 [Dysregulation of Long Non-coding RNAs in Glioblastoma Multiforme and Their Study Through Use of Modern Molecular-Genetic Approaches].
glomerular basement membrane
(1895 times)
Nephrology
(717 times)
GN (85 times)
ANCA (60 times)
TBM (49 times)
1969 Immunoreactive basement membrane antigens in normal human urine and serum.
gay and bisexual men
(176 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(47 times)
PrEP (37 times)
aOR (10 times)
HPV (9 times)
2005 Behavioral treatment approaches for methamphetamine dependence and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among urban gay and bisexual men.
gradient boosting machine
(87 times)
Medical Informatics
(12 times)
RF (30 times)
AUC (18 times)
SVM (17 times)
2011 Statistical analysis and compound selection of combinatorial libraries for soluble epoxide hydrolase.
Glioblastomas
(78 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
TMZ (7 times)
GSCs (6 times)
CSC (4 times)
2003 A role for receptor tyrosine phosphatase zeta in glioma cell migration.
gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men
(47 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(15 times)
PrEP (12 times)
STI (6 times)
CI (4 times)
2014 A novel time-limited pop-up HIV testing service for gay men in Sydney, Australia, attracts high-risk men.
generalized boosted models
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
HIS (7 times)
PS (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2013 A tutorial on propensity score estimation for multiple treatments using generalized boosted models.
gallbladder mucocele
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
CI (3 times)
PDH (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1993 Gallbladder mucin, arachidonic acid, and bile lipids in patients who develop gallstones during weight reduction.
10  Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
RCM (2 times)
BB (1 time)
BoB (1 time)
2015 Impacts of climate change and socio-economic scenarios on flow and water quality of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (GBM) river systems: low flow and flood statistics.
11  glibenclamide
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GCZ (2 times)
PVP-K30 (2 times)
SDS (2 times)
2003 Nanoparticle formation of poorly water-soluble drugs from ternary ground mixtures with PVP and SDS.
12  geometric Brownian motion
(7 times)
Science
(2 times)
GMRBM (1 time)
HJB (1 time)
PDF (1 time)
2003 An electricity price model with consideration to load and gas price effects.
13  glomerular BM
(7 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
BMs (4 times)
BM (3 times)
ECM (3 times)
1982 An ultrastructural analysis of isolated basement membranes in the acellular renal cortex: a comparison study of human and laboratory animals.
14  anti-glioblastoma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FSTL1 (1 time)
2008 Novel glioblastoma markers with diagnostic and prognostic value identified through transcriptome analysis.
15  glomerular capillary basement membrane
(6 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
BM-CSPG (2 times)
BM-HSPG (1 time)
Ccr (1 time)
1983 Mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis: a long-term study of 40 cases.
16  graphene-based materials
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GO (3 times)
FLG (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2015 Detection and quantification of 2H and 3R phases in commercial graphene-based materials.
17  group B meningococci
(6 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
GBMP (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
1997 N-Propionylated group B meningococcal polysaccharide mimics a unique bactericidal capsular epitope in group B Neisseria meningitidis.
18  glioblastoma multiforme grade IV
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AAST (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CGH (1 time)
1996 Characterization of genomic alterations associated with glioma progression by comparative genomic hybridization.
19  German Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2011 Regulatory RNAs and beyond.
20  glomerulonephritis induced by antiglomerular basement membrane
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
C5aR-AP (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1992 'Pauci-immune' rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis associated with systemic vasculitis.
21  Gamma-ray Burst Monitor
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EMPs (1 time)
NICER (1 time)
QPO (1 time)
2018 NICER and Fermi GBM Observations of the First Galactic Ultraluminous X-ray Pulsar Swift J0243.6+6124.
22  Gaussian beam model
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LCA (1 time)
OPT (1 time)
SGBM (1 time)
1998 Effectiveness of the Gaussian beam model in predicting SAR distributions from the lucite cone applicator.
23  gay and bisexually active men
(2 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
NGU (1 time)
STIs (1 time)
2016 What would be missed if we didn't screen men who have sex with men for oral chlamydia trachomatis? A cross-sectional study.
24  gay/bisexual men
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
GHB (1 time)
PrEP (1 time)
UAI (1 time)
2014 Drug use and sexual risk among gay and bisexual men who frequent party venues.
25  gene body methylation
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
2015 DNA methylation in Arabidopsis has a genetic basis and shows evidence of local adaptation.
26  generalized boosted regression modeling
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
XGBoost (1 time)
2014 Development of a likelihood of survival scoring system for hospitalized equine neonates using generalized boosted regression modeling.
27  glioblastoma cell line
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 Characterization of an established human, malignant, glioblastoma cell line (GBM) and its response to conventional drugs.
28  glioblastoma cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTGF (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
NKA (1 time)
2014 Effects of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) gene silencing on the radiosensitivity of glioblastoma.
29  glioblastoma multiforme tumors
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DNT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
PXA (1 time)
1998 Telomerase expression in gliomas including the nonastrocytic tumors.
30  glioblastoma tumor
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CA-Lyn (1 time)
DN-Lyn (1 time)
GSC (1 time)
2013 Lyn facilitates glioblastoma cell survival under conditions of nutrient deprivation by promoting autophagy.
31  glioblastoma, WHO grade IV
(2 times)
Cell Cycle
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
sGFAP (1 time)
2007 Uncovering therapeutic targets for glioblastoma: a systems biology approach.
32  glomeruli was the result of antiglomerular basement membrane
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
Ig (2 times)
C3PA (1 time)
IF (1 time)
1973 Evidence suggesting persistence of nephritogenic immunopathologic mechanisms in patients receiving renal allografts.
33  golden-brown pigment
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CCM (2 times)
SqM (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1975 Response of rat lung to inhaled tobacco smoke with or without prior exposure to 3,4-benzpyrene (BP) given by intratracheal instillation.
34  gradient-boosted model
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
rEF (1 time)
RI (1 time)
2014 Application of the Gradient Boosted method in randomised clinical trials: Participant variables that contribute to depression treatment efficacy of duloxetine, SSRIs or placebo.
35  grape berry moth
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2008 Flight tunnel responses of female grape berry moth (Paralobesia viteana) to host plants.
36  ground buffalo meat
(2 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
TBA (1 time)
TPC (1 time)
1997 Quality improvement of ground buffalo meat by preblending with sodium ascorbate.
37  131-glioblastomas
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASNS (1 time)
BCAT1 (1 time)
GLS (1 time)
2016 Clinical aggressiveness of malignant gliomas is linked to augmented metabolism of amino acids.
38  anti-glomerular basement
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
1994 Use of methyl prednisolone and antioxidants in mercuric chloride-induced experimental vasculitis.
39  anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody
(1 time)
Kidney Transplantation
(1 time)
c-ANCA (1 time)
GN (1 time)
2017 Patterns of glomerulonephritis with crescents: Experience at a tertiary medical center in Saudi Arabia.
40  cancer-glioblastoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2017 Multiple spatially related pharmacophores define small molecule inhibitors of OLIG2 in glioblastoma.
41  collagen, basement membrane
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LN (1 time)
1988 Immunofluorescent studies on IgA nephropathy: type IV collagen and glomerular basement membrane component detected by Goodpasture's syndrome serum and laminin.
42  gallbladder motility
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
1994 [Physiology of gallbladder motility and its clinical importance].
43  Galleria bait method
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Distribution, occurrence and characterization of entomopathogenic fungi in agricultural soil in the Palestinian area.
44  Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Impacts of climate change and socio-economic scenarios on flow and water quality of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (GBM) river systems: low flow and flood statistics.
45  Gangue backfilling mining
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GSG (1 time)
2020 Reutilization of gangue wastes in underground backfilling mining: Overburden aquifer protection.
46  gateway belief model
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 The scientific consensus on climate change as a gateway belief: experimental evidence.
47  Gay & Bisexual Men
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2017 Seroadaptive Strategies of Gay & Bisexual Men (GBM) with the Highest Quartile Number of Sexual Partners in Vancouver, Canada.
48  gay and bisexual identifying men
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
PrEP (1 time)
2018 Why I Quit Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)? A Mixed-Method Study Exploring Reasons for PrEP Discontinuation and Potential Re-initiation Among Gay and Bisexual Men.
49  Gay and bisexual Men Who Have Sex with Men
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ELV (1 time)
2019 Longitudinal Event-Level Analysis of Gay and Bisexual Men's Anal Sex Versatility: Behavior, Roles, and Substance Use.
50  gay, bisexual, queer, and other sexual minority men
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2020 It's in Me to Give: Canadian Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Men's Willingness to Donate Blood If Eligible Despite Feelings of Policy Discrimination.
51  GB mucoceles
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
GB (1 time)
2016 Spontaneous Course of Biliary Sludge Over 12 Months in Dogs with Ultrasonographically Identified Biliary Sludge.
52  GB-MSCs
(1 time)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2019 Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived and Cultured from Glioblastoma Multiforme Increase Tregs, Downregulate Th17, and Induce the Tolerogenic Phenotype of Monocyte-Derived Cells.
53  GBM multiforme
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
TMZ (1 time)
2020 BET inhibitor I-BET151 sensitizes GBM cells to temozolomide via PUMA induction.
54  GBM therapy.IMPORTANCE Glioblastoma
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GSCs (1 time)
ZIKV (1 time)
2018 Treatment of Human Glioblastoma with a Live Attenuated Zika Virus Vaccine Candidate.
55  GBM/AAF
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AAF (2 times)
RTOG (1 time)
1995 Central pathology review in clinical trials for patients with malignant glioma. A Report of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 83-02.
56  GBM/GBM
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AAF (2 times)
RTOG (1 time)
1995 Central pathology review in clinical trials for patients with malignant glioma. A Report of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 83-02.
57  GBM: glutathione peroxidase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Comparative analysis of antioxidative systems in malignant and benign brain tumours.
58  Gd by glioblastoma
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Gd-NCT (1 time)
2005 Are gadolinium contrast agents suitable for gadolinium neutron capture therapy?
59  Gears Bead Model
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Numerical modelling of long flexible fibers in homogeneous isotropic turbulence.
60  gene mutation status in glioblastoma
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IDH (1 time)
2020 Differentiating between glioblastomas with and without isocitrate dehydrogenase gene mutation by findings on conventional magnetic resonance images.
61  gene-based markers
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
Chr (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
2019 Identification of new loci for salt tolerance in soybean by high-resolution genome-wide association mapping.
62  General Bacterial Medium
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Isolation and identification of a new radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus guangriensis sp.nov. and analysis of its radioresistant character.
63  general body movement
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
HM (1 time)
ILM (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2015 Maternal perception of fetal movement type: the effect of gestational age and maternal factors.
64  General Burnout Measure
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CBI (1 time)
MBI (1 time)
PRISMA (1 time)
2020 Review article: Prevalence of burnout in paramedics: A systematic review of prevalence studies.
65  Generalized Bernoulli Method
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
METC (1 time)
MWTC (1 time)
2020 A practical proposal to obtain solutions of certain variational problems avoiding Euler formalism.
66  generalized bilinear model
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GFB (1 time)
GLM (1 time)
2015 Improving neural decoding in the central auditory system using bio-inspired spectro-temporal representations and a generalized bilinear model.
67  genes between glioblastoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GEO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
NCBI (1 time)
2017 Differential gene expression analysis in glioblastoma cells and normal human brain cells based on GEO database.
68  genomic bookmarking
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Shaping epigenetic memory via genomic bookmarking.
69  gentamicin-containing composite calcium sulfate/hydroxyapatite biomaterial
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2017 * Composite Biomaterial as a Carrier for Bone-Active Substances for Metaphyseal Tibial Bone Defect Reconstruction in Rats.
70  German black headed mutton
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
beta-HB (1 time)
FL (1 time)
NEFAs (1 time)
2013 Pancreatic insulin release and peripheral insulin sensitivity in German black headed mutton and Finish Landrace ewes: evaluation of the role of insulin resistance in the susceptibility to ovine pregnancy toxemia.
71  German Blackhead Mutton ewes
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
GMM (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2006 An ultrasonographic method to study reproductive seasonality in ewes isolated from rams.
72  giant blood Marseille-like
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2015 Absence of giant blood Marseille-like virus DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction in plasma from healthy US blood donors and serum from multiply transfused patients from Cameroon.
73  Giant Blood Marseillevirus
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Marseillevirus prevalence in multitransfused patients suggests blood transmission.
74  GL261 cells, was able to cause repolarization of M2-like tumor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Liposomal TriCurin, A Synergistic Combination of Curcumin, Epicatechin Gallate and Resveratrol, Repolarizes Tumor-Associated Microglia/Macrophages, and Eliminates Glioblastoma (GBM) and GBM Stem Cells.
75  Glasgow minimum essential medium-based medium
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ESCs (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2007 Induction of dopamine-releasing cells from primate embryonic stem cells enclosed in agarose microcapsules.
76  glioblastoma cancer
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Aspirin inhibits cancer stem cells properties and growth of glioblastoma multiforme through Rb1 pathway modulation.
77  glioblastoma patients
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GCV (1 time)
HSV-TK (1 time)
2000 Bcl-2 expression in higher-grade human glioma: a clinical and experimental study.
78  glioblastoma sphere medium
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 Enhancement of SOX-2 expression and ROS accumulation by culture of A172 glioblastoma cells under non-adherent culture conditions.
79  glioblastoma treatment
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2011 Anti-VEGF treatment reduces blood supply and increases tumor cell invasion in glioblastoma.
80  glioma-glioblastoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2018 Influence of obesity-related risk factors in the aetiology of glioma.
81  gliomas, mainly glioblastomas
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
mGluR (1 time)
TMZ (1 time)
2017 Metabotropic glutamate receptors as a new therapeutic target for malignant gliomas.
82  glomerular basal lamina
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2012 The association of polymorphonuclears with humps in acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis.
83  glomerular basement
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GAG (1 time)
HS (1 time)
PG (1 time)
1996 Urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion in NIDDM subjects: its relationship to albuminura.
84  glomerular basement membrane components
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Role of complement in experimental glomerulonephritis].
85  glomerular capillaries filter plasma through a basement membrane
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
X-AS (1 time)
1997 Isoform switching of type IV collagen is developmentally arrested in X-linked Alport syndrome leading to increased susceptibility of renal basement membranes to endoproteolysis.
86  glomerular injury, passive antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GN (1 time)
TGF (1 time)
tPA (1 time)
2003 Type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor deficiency aggravates the course of experimental glomerulonephritis through overactivation of transforming growth factor beta.
87  glomerular lesions were mediated by antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 1990 Failure of two subsequent renal grafts by anti-GBM glomerulonephritis in Alport's syndrome: case report and review of the literature.
88  glomerular leukocyte infiltration in antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
CINC (1 time)
GN (1 time)
1995 Chemokine gene expression in anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody glomerulonephritis.
89  glomerular membrana basalis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Ultrastructural changes of kidney in diabetic rats.
90  glomerular membrane
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
1989 [Familial hematuria and Alport's syndrome].
91  glomeruli were isolated from rats with antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
p.o (1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2010 TJN-331 improves anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis by inhibiting the production of intraglomerular transforming growth factor-beta1.
92  glomerulobasement membrane preparation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1981 [Basement membrane degradation by enzymes of the 8000-g-lysosome fraction from cervical cancer cells].
93  glomerulonephritis is usually classified into antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
1994 Does truly 'idiopathic' crescentic glomerulonephritis exist?
94  glomerulopathies with pseudolinear capillary wall deposits caused by basement membrane
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
IF (1 time)
2019 Pseudolinear C4d deposits in a hereditary glomerulopathy caused by a rare NC1 collagen-4-alpha-5 missense mutation: a "new disease entity"?
95  gluten base medium
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LAB (1 time)
2006 Gluten breakdown by lactobacilli and pediococci strains isolated from sourdough.
96  Goodbug Mix
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SLW (1 time)
2010 A comparison of alternative plant mixes for conservation bio-control by native beneficial arthropods in vegetable cropping systems in Queensland Australia.
97  Goodpasture antigen, the target of autoantibodies in antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
TBMD (1 time)
1998 Antithyroid and antiadrenal autoantibodies in antiglomerular basement membrane disease, thin basement membrane disease and Alport syndrome.
98  Goodpasture's syndrome and antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
--- 1990 Characterization of type IV collagen NC1 monomers and Goodpasture antigen in human renal basement membranes.
99  Goodpasture's, or antiglomerular basement membrane
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EAG (1 time)
WKY (1 time)
1998 Experimental autoimmune glomerulonephritis (EAG) induced by homologous and heterologous glomerular basement membrane in two substrains of Wistar-Kyoto rat.
100  grade brain cancer like Glioblastoma
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Aza (1 time)
2013 Hypoxia induced CA9 inhibitory targeting by two different sulfonamide derivatives including acetazolamide in human glioblastoma.