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Abbreviation: GC
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Long forms: 785

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastric cancer
(4270 times)
Neoplasms
(1973 times)
OS (309 times)
CI (242 times)
miRNAs (186 times)
1979 Pernicious anaemia as a risk factor in gastric cancer.
gas chromatography
(3846 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1504 times)
MS (541 times)
HPLC (300 times)
GC-MS (264 times)
1972 Composition of fatty acids and carbohydrates in Leptospira.
glucocorticoid
(2270 times)
Endocrinology
(377 times)
GR (334 times)
DEX (268 times)
HPA (100 times)
1972 [Intentions of systemic glucocorticoid (GC) therapy].
germinal center
(1321 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(569 times)
DLBCL (98 times)
Tfh (89 times)
Ig (67 times)
1975 Cytological changes and antigen capture in chicken spleen during the secondary immune response to homologous and cross-reacting antigens.
granulosa cells
(554 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(199 times)
FF (41 times)
FSH (33 times)
CL (30 times)
1978 Tactile projections to granule cells in caudal vermis of the rat's cerebellum.
guanylate cyclase
(489 times)
Biochemistry
(84 times)
NO (152 times)
cGMP (65 times)
ANP (54 times)
1977 Activation of the guanylate cyclase-guanosine 3'5' monophosphate system of colonic mucosa by n-methyl-n'-nitro-n-nitrosoguanidine.
glassy carbon
(472 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(195 times)
CV (45 times)
AA (33 times)
DA (26 times)
1984 Electrochemical and enzymatic activity of flavin adenine dinucleotide and glucose oxidase immobilized by adsorption on carbon.
gastric carcinoma
(425 times)
Neoplasms
(190 times)
EBV (58 times)
IHC (17 times)
CI (15 times)
1981 [Effect of certain chemicals on DNA synthesis and distribution in human transplantable gastrointestinal tumors].
guanine-cytosine
(265 times)
Chemistry
(55 times)
AT (37 times)
DNA (18 times)
PCR (7 times)
1962 Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Proteus and Providence organisms.
10  gemcitabine and cisplatin
(165 times)
Neoplasms
(100 times)
MVAC (32 times)
OS (32 times)
NSCLC (30 times)
1999 Gemcitabine and cisplatin versus mitomycin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A randomized phase III study of the Italian Lung Cancer Project.
11  galactocerebroside
(158 times)
Neurology
(53 times)
MBP (32 times)
GFAP (17 times)
GD (12 times)
1980 A new assay for lytic anti-galactocerebroside (GC) antibodies employing 56Rubidium release from GC-labelled liposomes.
12  Granger causality
(93 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
EEG (13 times)
fMRI (12 times)
HRF (5 times)
2007 Functional connections between auditory cortical fields in humans revealed by Granger causality analysis of intra-cranial evoked potentials to sounds: comparison of two methods.
13  Gliomatosis cerebri
(91 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
MRI (9 times)
MR (5 times)
OS (4 times)
1987 The fine structure of gliomatosis cerebri.
14  gustatory cortex
(68 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
CTA (17 times)
PBN (9 times)
CeA (6 times)
1992 Taste avoidance, but not aversion, learning in rats lacking gustatory cortex.
15  goblet cell
(63 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
PAS (7 times)
SG (5 times)
AB (4 times)
1981 [Histological and histochemical changes of tracheal secretory cells following bromhexine treatment (author's transl)].
16  glucocorticosteroids
(62 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
DEX (5 times)
NP (5 times)
CYC (4 times)
1985 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol and glucocorticosteroid regulation of adenylate cyclase in an osteoblast-like cell line.
17  glycol chitosan
(61 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
EPR (6 times)
NPs (4 times)
RA (4 times)
2007 Glycol chitosan as a stabilizer for protein encapsulated into poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microparticle.
18  genetic counseling
(60 times)
Genetics, Medical
(32 times)
GT (7 times)
HBOC (5 times)
IHC (4 times)
1983 Effects of genetic counseling on Duchenne muscular dystrophy families in Brazil.
19  germ cell
(57 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(11 times)
SC (20 times)
FSH (4 times)
LC (4 times)
1989 Evidence for a change in expression of DNA ligase genes in the Pleurodeles waltlii germ line during gonadogenesis.
20  Golgi complex
(57 times)
Cell Biology
(21 times)
ER (20 times)
RER (6 times)
GFP (5 times)
1981 Bead rings at the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi complex boundary: morphological changes accompanying inhibition of intracellular transport of secretory proteins in arthropod fat body tissue.
21  genome copies
(55 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
AAV (9 times)
HAdV (9 times)
qPCR (8 times)
2006 Correction of feline lipoprotein lipase deficiency with adeno-associated virus serotype 1-mediated gene transfer of the lipoprotein lipase S447X beneficial mutation.
22  glucosylceramide
(55 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
GCase (17 times)
GD (6 times)
GS (6 times)
1981 Oligodendrocytes of jimpy mice express galactosylceramide: an immunofluorescence study on brain sections and dissociated brain cell cultures.
23  gastric adenocarcinoma
(48 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
GEC (3 times)
IHC (3 times)
BSV (2 times)
2001 Analysis of iceA genotypes in South African Helicobacter pylori strains and relationship to clinically significant disease.
24  geometric center
(47 times)
Gastroenterology
(23 times)
GI (8 times)
CRF (7 times)
GE (6 times)
1988 The effect of acute and chronic administration of morphine and morphine withdrawal on intestinal transit time in the rat.
25  ganglion cell
(45 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
HD (4 times)
OCT (4 times)
RNFL (4 times)
1985 Immunohistochemistry as an aid in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease.
26  gonococcal
(44 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
LOS (4 times)
MC (3 times)
Opa (3 times)
1975 Studies on gonococcus infection. VIII. 125Iodine labeling of gonococci and studies on their in vitro interactions with eukaryotic cells.
27  gastric
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
CRC (22 times)
MSI (16 times)
ITH (9 times)
1992 Comparative analysis of CA72-4, CA195 and carcinoembryonic antigen in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.
28  granular component
(40 times)
Cell Biology
(18 times)
DFC (26 times)
FC (19 times)
FCs (9 times)
1988 Nucleolar changes after microinjection of antibodies to RNA polymerase I into the nucleus of mammalian cells.
29  control group
(39 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(7 times)
GI (3 times)
AAG (2 times)
DT (2 times)
1980 [Analysis of quantitative information obtained in a field study of affective privation in institutionalized children under 3 years of age].
30  gas-liquid chromatography
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
GC-MS (5 times)
HPLC (4 times)
TLC (4 times)
1977 Identification of 3-O-methyl-alpha-methyldopamine as a urinary metabolite of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine in dog and monkey.
31  post-germinal center
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DLBCL (12 times)
IPI (5 times)
OS (4 times)
1998 Somatic hypermutation in normal and transformed human B cells.
32  genomic control
(32 times)
Genetics, Medical
(16 times)
SA (6 times)
GWAS (5 times)
PCA (4 times)
1987 [Interpretation of various ratios of genetic parameters in Hayman's diallelic analysis].
33  glycemic control
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
BG (6 times)
ICU (5 times)
T2DM (4 times)
1999 Effects of short-term glycemic control, low protein diet and administration of enalapril on renal hemodynamics and protein permselectivity in type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria.
34  ground control
(30 times)
Metabolism
(10 times)
SF (5 times)
TS (4 times)
ALDH2 (2 times)
1995 Alterations in growth rate associated with a normally persisting circadian rhythm during spaceflight.
35  glycocholate
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
TC (15 times)
GCDC (6 times)
TCDC (6 times)
1985 Effects of bile and bile salts on growth and membrane lipid uptake by Giardia lamblia. Possible implications for pathogenesis of intestinal disease.
36  galactosylated chitosan
(28 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
CS (5 times)
5-FU (3 times)
ASGPR (3 times)
2000 Galactosylated chitosan-graft-dextran as hepatocyte-targeting DNA carrier.
37  gene conversion
(28 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
DSBs (7 times)
BIR (6 times)
SHM (6 times)
2003 MSH2-deficient human cells exhibit a defect in the accurate termination of homology-directed repair of DNA double-strand breaks.
38  glycocalicin
(27 times)
Hematology
(15 times)
TPO (6 times)
vWF (6 times)
ITP (4 times)
1986 Partial characterization of a binding site for von Willebrand factor on glycocalicin.
39  glucocorticoid hormones
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
GR (11 times)
DEX (4 times)
DX (3 times)
1985 Ontogeny of triamcinolone-acetonide binding sites in outer cortical tissue from rat kidneys.
40  growth cone
(25 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MT (3 times)
MTs (2 times)
RGC (2 times)
1980 Rapid retraction of neurites by sensory neurons in response to increased concentrations of nerve growth factor.
41  GC x GC
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(23 times)
FID (5 times)
EI (2 times)
LMCS (2 times)
2001 Analytical study of comprehensive and targeted multidimensional gas chromatography incorporating modulated cryogenic trapping.
42  gastrocnemius
(22 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
TA (15 times)
BF (5 times)
RF (4 times)
1985 Electromyographic kinesiology of lower extremity muscles during slope walking.
43  glassy carbon electrode
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CV (6 times)
AA (4 times)
CA (4 times)
2002 Electrochemical study of ion channel behavior in incorporated poly L-glutamate bilayer lipid membranes.
44  gallbladder cancer
(20 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CT (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BDC (1 time)
1999 Unexpected gallbladder cancer after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: an emerging problem? Reflections on four cases.
45  gynecological cancer
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
QOL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
EUD (2 times)
2005 The contribution of spirituality and spiritual coping to anxiety and depression in women with a recent diagnosis of gynecological cancer.
46  gallocatechin
(19 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
EGC (16 times)
EGCG (12 times)
EC (11 times)
2000 Determination of catechins in human urine subsequent to tea ingestion by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.
47  giant cells
(19 times)
Pathology
(12 times)
GCTTS (4 times)
MC (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1978 Macrophage fusion factor elicited from BGG-sensitized lymphocytes.
48  glass ceramic
(19 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SEM (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
DTA (2 times)
1988 Prolonged inflammatory reactions induced by artificial ceramics in the rat air pouch model.
49  graph cut
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
CT (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
IRFC (2 times)
2007 Performance of an automated segmentation algorithm for 3D MR renography.
50  ground corn
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
SFC (4 times)
ADF (2 times)
CC (2 times)
1993 Combinations of starch and digestible fiber in supplements for steers consuming a low-quality bromegrass hay diet.
51  gallbladder carcinoma
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ICC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
ECC (2 times)
1996 K-ras and p53 mutations in stage I gallbladder carcinoma with an anomalous junction of the pancreaticobiliary duct.
52  gangrenous cholecystitis
(15 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
AC (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
WBC (2 times)
2000 Gangrenous cholecystitis in the laparoscopic era.
53  genomic classifier
(15 times)
Urology
(8 times)
RP (9 times)
BCR (2 times)
CAPRA-S (2 times)
2013 Impact of a genomic classifier of metastatic risk on postoperative treatment recommendations for prostate cancer patients: a report from the DECIDE study group.
54  gait cycle
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
LR (2 times)
PSw (2 times)
RF (2 times)
2000 Deltoid ligament strain after correction of acquired flatfoot deformity by triple arthrodesis.
55  gel consistency
(14 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
AC (9 times)
GT (9 times)
PC (3 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
56  glycocholic acid
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TC (8 times)
Ca (2 times)
GCDC (2 times)
1982 Bile acid transport in cultured rat hepatocytes.
57  guiding catheter
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
PCI (4 times)
GW (2 times)
AVS (1 time)
1994 [Electron microscopic comparison of the antithrombotic potential of 2 low osmolality iodine contrast media in percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty].
58  (-)-gallocatechin
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
EGC (12 times)
EC (11 times)
ECg (10 times)
1999 ESR study on the structure-antioxidant activity relationship of tea catechins and their epimers.
59  gemcitabine
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CT (2 times)
MM (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
2001 [New developments in chemotherapy for metastasized bladder cancer].
60  Granulomatous cheilitis
(13 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
MRS (4 times)
CE (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
1986 Granulomatous cheilitis and a positive Kveim test.
61  graphitic carbon
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DSSCs (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ACF (1 time)
1999 [Separation and analysis of saccharides--on mainly oligosaccharides].
62  German cockroach
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PAR (4 times)
TNF (3 times)
BMDC (2 times)
1987 Cockroach sensitization in laboratory workers.
63  ginkgolide C
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
GA (9 times)
GB (9 times)
BB (6 times)
2001 [Analysis and structure identification of trace constituent in the total ginkgolide by using LC/DAD/ESI/MS].
64  guard cells
(12 times)
Botany
(5 times)
EC (5 times)
ROS (2 times)
2-DDG (1 time)
1991 Blue light-modulation of chlorophyll a fluorescence transients in guard cell chloroplasts.
65  Gini coefficient
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
FSE (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2004 [Gail's coefficient in breast cancer patients with respect to menstrual status, body mass and estrogen receptor pattern of tumor].
66  glycoconjugate
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
APC (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CBA (1 time)
1986 Lectin cytochemical evaluation of somatosensory neurons and their peripheral and central processes in rat and man.
67  anti-galactocerebroside
(10 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
GFAP (4 times)
MBP (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
1979 Demyelination produced by experimental allergic neuritis serum and anti-galactocerebroside antiserum in CNS cultures. An ultrastructural study.
68  gemcitabine plus cisplatin combination therapy
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
BTC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1998 The activity of gemcitabine plus cisplatin in randomized trials in untreated patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
69  growth cartilage
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
RC (5 times)
GAG (3 times)
PTH (3 times)
1984 Cultured growth cartilage cells.
70  gastrostomy control
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
SC (8 times)
PD (4 times)
AE (3 times)
1993 The effects of the timing of ethanol exposure during the brain growth spurt on the number of cerebellar Purkinje and granule cell nuclear profiles.
71  glycerol carbonate
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
CALB (2 times)
DMC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2012 Design of biosolvents through hydroxyl functionalization of compounds with high dielectric constant.
72  good control
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
PC (5 times)
ARB (1 time)
ARE4 (1 time)
1983 Plasma levels of androgens and 17 alpha-OH-progesterone as an index of the adequacy of treatment in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
73  Gouy-Chapman
(9 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
EDL (4 times)
BS (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2004 Interaction between dissimilar double layers with like signs under charge regulation on the basis of the Gouy-Chapman-Stern-Grahame model.
74  Group C
(9 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GA (7 times)
GB (7 times)
BMD (1 time)
1995 A new animal model of coronary thrombosis and effects of antithrombotic agents.
75  gadolinium chloride
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
PIMs (4 times)
LPS (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
1998 Gadolinium chloride removes pulmonary intravascular macrophages and curtails the degree of ovine lentivirus-induced lymphoid interstitial pneumonia.
76  Galactic center
(8 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
DM (3 times)
CR (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2004 Evolution of the dark matter distribution at the galactic center.
77  Garcinia cambogia
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HFD (3 times)
eWAT (2 times)
ADRB3 (1 time)
2013 Garcinia Cambogia attenuates diet-induced adiposity but exacerbates hepatic collagen accumulation and inflammation.
78  glottic cancer
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (5 times)
LC (4 times)
OS (4 times)
2010 Radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for patients with T1-T2 glottic carcinoma: retrospective analysis.
79  glucose consumption
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AN (1 time)
1993 Glucose consumption in recurrent gliomas.
80  glycated chitosan
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ICG (2 times)
PDT (2 times)
CF (1 time)
2002 Effect of different components of laser immunotherapy in treatment of metastatic tumors in rats.
81  guanidino compounds
(8 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
Arg (3 times)
GAA (3 times)
GSA (3 times)
1991 [Platelet aggregation in chronic renal failure--whole blood aggregation and effect of guanidino compounds].
82  Guerin carcinoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
BCU (1 time)
CP (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1979 Regional vascular reactivity in rats with Guerin carcinoma (GC).
83  G-Cem
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
MC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
CSA (2 times)
2009 Microtensile bond strength of new self-adhesive luting agents and conventional multistep systems.
84  gas chromatographic analysis
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ASTM (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1975 Comparison of analytical methods for trace quantities of 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene.
85  GCxGC
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ECD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FID (1 time)
2000 Measurements for assessing environmental exposures to children using small amounts of serum and urine: state-of-the-art.
86  gestational carrier
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IVF (2 times)
aCGH (1 time)
breast cancer (1 time)
2004 Normal infant by a gestational carrier for a phenylketonuria mother: alternative therapy.
87  glucagon
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BG (2 times)
ACO (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
1993 [A study on the mechanism of hyperinsulinemia in essential hypertension].
88  glucose cycling
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
G6Pase (2 times)
GK (2 times)
HGP (2 times)
1988 Mild type II diabetes markedly increases glucose cycling in the postabsorptive state and during glucose infusion irrespective of obesity.
89  growth zone chondrocyte
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RC (5 times)
DAG (2 times)
ALPase (1 time)
1992 Matrix vesicles are enriched in metalloproteinases that degrade proteoglycans.
90  beta-glucocerebrosidase
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
AMRF (2 times)
GD (2 times)
LIMP-2 (2 times)
2012 A critical histidine residue within LIMP-2 mediates pH sensitive binding to its ligand beta-glucocerebrosidase.
91  extraction-gas chromatography
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
MA (1 time)
MAM (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
1996 Automated on-line dialysis for sample preparation for gas chromatography: determination of benzodiazepines in human plasma.
92  gadolinium chelates
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
NSF (3 times)
MRI (1 time)
2008 Possible involvement of gadolinium chelates in the pathophysiology of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: a critical review.
93  gamma camera
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
DTC (2 times)
ROI (2 times)
BG (1 time)
1987 Measurement of effective renal plasma flow: a comparison of methods.
94  generative cell
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
VC (5 times)
SCs (2 times)
EMTs (1 time)
1995 The Significance of Microspore Division and Division Symmetry for Vegetative Cell-Specific Transcription and Generative Cell Differentiation.
95  glucose clearance
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CON (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1986 Effect of portal vein occlusion on liver blood flow in normal and cirrhotic dogs.
96  glycocholic
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CDC (6 times)
DC (6 times)
GCDC (4 times)
1983 Uptake of bile acids into rat intestine. Effect of diabetes mellitus.
97  glycyrrhizin
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
Chol (2 times)
DOPC (2 times)
mAb (2 times)
2004 Sensitive detection of glycyrrhizin and evaluation of the affinity constants by a surface plasmon resonance-based immunosensor.
98  Grand Canonical
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
MC (2 times)
MD (2 times)
AdResS (1 time)
2002 Investigating evolutionary lines of least resistance using the inverse protein-folding problem.
99  granule-containing
(6 times)
Histology
(2 times)
SIF (1 time)
1977 Monoamine-containing paraneurons in the sympathetic ganglia of mammals.
100  granulosa luteal cells
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
hCG (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
5alpha-A (1 time)
1993 Methylene blue but not indigo carmine is toxic to human luteal cells in vitro.