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Abbreviation: GCS
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Long forms: 178

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Glasgow Coma Scale
(4377 times)
Neurology
(802 times)
TBI (845 times)
ISS (500 times)
CT (436 times)
1979 An injury severity scale for comprehensive management of central nervous system trauma.
glucocorticosteroids
(195 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(40 times)
DEX (11 times)
RA (10 times)
BUD (9 times)
1980 Bowel perforation in steroid-treated patients.
global circumferential strain
(170 times)
Cardiology
(69 times)
GLS (150 times)
LV (94 times)
GRS (67 times)
2008 In vivo validation of a novel method for regional myocardial wall motion analysis based on echocardiographic tissue tracking.
gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase
(152 times)
Biochemistry
(39 times)
GST (22 times)
BSO (17 times)
GPx (16 times)
1983 Abnormal gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase activities in sheep red blood cells.
glucosylceramide synthase
(150 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
MDR (20 times)
p-gp (16 times)
GlcCer (11 times)
1996 Purification and characterization of UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase from rat liver Golgi membranes.
Glasgow Coma Scale score
(112 times)
Emergency Medicine
(22 times)
TBI (26 times)
ISS (14 times)
ICP (10 times)
1987 [A clinical study on head injuries in the aged].
graduated compression stockings
(85 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
DVT (36 times)
VTE (23 times)
IPC (18 times)
1987 Effects of graduated compression stockings on blood lactate following an exhaustive bout of exercise.
glycine cleavage system
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
NKH (10 times)
SHMT (5 times)
NTDs (3 times)
1983 Inhibition by aminoacetonitrile and propargylamine of glycine cleavage system from rat brain and liver mitochondria.
Gianotti-Crosti syndrome
(31 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
EBV (8 times)
CMV (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1986 Gianotti-Crosti syndrome associated with infections other than hepatitis B.
10  Greene Climacteric Scale
(29 times)
Gynecology
(17 times)
HRT (3 times)
CGI (2 times)
DAS (2 times)
2003 Morning/evening menopausal formula relieves menopausal symptoms: a pilot study.
11  generalized convulsive seizures
(27 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
SUDEP (11 times)
PGES (9 times)
EEG (5 times)
1993 [Clinical research of patients with epilepsy over age 50 years--a retrospective study of early onset case].
12  group C streptococci
(24 times)
Communicable Diseases
(10 times)
GAS (11 times)
GGS (11 times)
BHS (4 times)
1973 A direct fluorescent antibody test for identification of group E streptococci.
13  glycol chitosan
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
NPs (8 times)
CS (6 times)
DOX (3 times)
2010 Surface modified polymeric nanoparticles for immunisation against equine strangles.
14  Golestan Cohort Study
(17 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
CI (4 times)
HR (4 times)
CHB (2 times)
2010 Verbal autopsy: reliability and validity estimates for causes of death in the Golestan Cohort Study in Iran.
15  gender confirmation surgery
(15 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(4 times)
FTM (3 times)
TGNB (3 times)
MTF (2 times)
2014 Overall satisfaction, sexual function, and the durability of neophallus dimensions following staged female to male genital gender confirming surgery: the Institute of Urology, London U.K. experience.
16  geologic carbon sequestration
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
DIC (1 time)
IBDP (1 time)
INS (1 time)
2011 Geological carbon sequestration: a new approach for near-surface assurance monitoring.
17  global cognitive score
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2006 Down regulation of trk but not p75NTR gene expression in single cholinergic basal forebrain neurons mark the progression of Alzheimer's disease.
18  Glucocorticoids
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
IL (2 times)
AGP (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
1991 Abrogation of glucocorticoid-mediated inhibition of T cell proliferation by the synergistic action of IL-1, IL-6, and IFN-gamma.
19  GlcCer synthase
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
GlcCer (8 times)
GSLs (2 times)
CS (1 time)
1998 Up-regulation of glucosylceramide synthase expression and activity during human keratinocyte differentiation.
20  globin-coupled sensor
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
EPR (1 time)
HNOB (1 time)
I-site (1 time)
2001 Globin-coupled sensors: a class of heme-containing sensors in Archaea and Bacteria.
21  Gluteal compartment syndrome
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
MRSA (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2011 Bilateral gluteal compartment syndrome and severe rhabdomyolysis after lumbar spine surgery.
22  glycine cleavage enzyme system
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NKH (2 times)
SPT/AGT (2 times)
NMDA (1 time)
1998 Cell signalling and the hormonal stimulation of the hepatic glycine cleavage enzyme system by glucagon.
23  Gouy-Chapman-Stern
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PC (2 times)
BLM (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
1985 Involvement of surface potential in regulation of polar membrane lipids in Acholeplasma laidlawii.
24  gentamicin-collagen sponge
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
SSI (3 times)
AL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1999 Treatment of infective and potentially infective complications of vascular bypass grafting using gentamicin with collagen sponge.
25  gel chromatography column scanning
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
IDA (1 time)
1980 Quality control of 99mTc-radiopharmaceuticals. Evaluation of GCS minicolumns in routine clinical work with scintillation cameras.
26  genome conformational state
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
AVTD (5 times)
ELF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1996 Resonance effect of millimeter waves in the power range from 10(-19) to 3 x 10(-3) W/cm2 on Escherichia coli cells at different concentrations.
27  Glasgow scale
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
mTBI (2 times)
AILI (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
2004 [Study on apoptosis of lung tissue cells in patients with severe brain injury complicated with aspiration-induced lung injury].
28  ground control station
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
APRE (1 time)
AR (1 time)
BLOS (1 time)
1990 Sustained performance and some effects on the design and operation of complex systems.
29  Generic Core Scales
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
HRQoL (2 times)
DM (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
2008 Quality of life of children and adolescents with diabetes of Northern Greek origin.
30  German Cardiac Society
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CPC (1 time)
CPUs (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
2004 Catheter-based therapy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. First in-hospital outcome analysis of the German TASH Registry.
31  Global Clinical Score
(4 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AN (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
EAT (1 time)
2000 Parental representation in eating disorder patients with suicide.
32  globin chain synthesis
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARMS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2000 Prenatal diagnosis of beta-thalassaemia and other haemoglobinopathies in India.
33  glucosides of chaenomeles speciosa
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CIA (2 times)
CII (2 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
2003 Effects and mechanisms of glucosides of chaenomeles speciosa on collagen-induced arthritis in rats.
34  group C beta-haemolytic streptococci
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GAS (3 times)
GBS (2 times)
GGS (2 times)
1999 M protein of a Streptococcus dysgalactiae human wound isolate shows multiple binding to different plasma proteins and shares epitopes with keratin and human cartilage.
35  growing cell structure
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
FAM (1 time)
GNG (1 time)
MLP (1 time)
1998 Comparing neural networks: a benchmark on growing neural gas, growing cell structures, and fuzzy ARTMAP.
36  galvanic cutaneous stimulation
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
SSQ (2 times)
AS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2015 A comparison of techniques to mitigate Simulator Adaptation Syndrome.
37  gemcitabine, cisplatin and S-1
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BTC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2014 [A case of curatively resected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic artery and portal vein reconstruction].
38  General Contentment Scale
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ISE (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
C-DSI (1 time)
1990 Inpatient treatment for depressed children and adolescents: preliminary evaluations.
39  generalized clonic seizures
(3 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
PTZ (3 times)
FMJ (2 times)
MES (2 times)
1997 L-NAME inhibits pentylenetetrazole and strychnine-induced seizures in mice.
40  Georgia Centenarian Study
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
--- 2012 Successful Recruitment of Centenarians for Post-Mortem Brain Donation: Results from the Georgia Centenarian Study.
41  glucocorticoid sensitivity
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
GCR (1 time)
2014 Time matters - acute stress response and glucocorticoid sensitivity in early multiple sclerosis.
42  granular cytoplasmic staining
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
DNS (1 time)
NNI (1 time)
NNIs (1 time)
2012 Cellular protein quality control and the evolution of aggregates in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3).
43  grapheme-colour synaesthesia
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CLaN (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
FuG (1 time)
2011 Globally altered structural brain network topology in grapheme-color synesthesia.
44  gynaecological cancer survivors
(3 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2015 Associations between exercise and posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors.
45  Galla chinensis solution
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
SD (1 time)
SPF (1 time)
2015 Acute and subchronic toxicity as well as evaluation of safety pharmacology of Galla chinensis solution.
46  gastrocaval shunt
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BRTO (1 time)
DSRS (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
1987 Ultrasonic Doppler duplex study of hemodynamic changes from portosystemic shunt operation.
47  Gated radionuclide cardiac blood pool scans
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 1977 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Evaluation by gated cardiac blood pool scanning.
48  GC-sensitive
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
GC (2 times)
GCR (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
2013 Low expression of glucocorticoid receptor alpha isoform in adult immune thrombocytopenia correlates with glucocorticoid resistance.
49  gelatin capsulated suppositories
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FS (2 times)
KP (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1988 Pharmacokinetics of two rectal dosage forms of ketoprofen in patients after anal surgery.
50  gemcitabine, cisplatin, and sunitinib
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
MIBC (1 time)
mUC (1 time)
2013 Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and sunitinib for metastatic urothelial carcinoma and as preoperative therapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer.
51  gemcitabine/cisplatin/S-1
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
BTC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2015 A multi-institution phase II study of gemcitabine/cisplatin/S-1 (GCS) combination chemotherapy for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (KHBO 1002).
52  gene-to-class sensitivity
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BPSO (2 times)
ELM (1 time)
SLFN (1 time)
2014 A novel strategy for gene selection of microarray data based on gene-to-class sensitivity information.
53  general comfort scale
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
OCS (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
2019 The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Administration on Insulin Resistance and Comfort Level in Patients Undergoing Surgery.
54  genetic counseling services
(2 times)
Emigration and Immigration
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CSHCN (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2009 Access to genetic counseling for children with autism, Down syndrome, and intellectual disabilities.
55  Gensini coronary score
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
2001 [Relationship of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection to severity of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with chronic coronary artery disease and with normal coronary arteries].
56  geometric correction scheme
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
MNE (1 time)
2015 A geometric correction scheme for spatial leakage effects in MEG/EEG seed-based functional connectivity mapping.
57  geriatric consultant service
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
OGC (1 time)
2015 Impact of an inpatient geriatric consultative service on outcomes for cognitively impaired patients.
58  German Cancer Society
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
AC (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2005 Application of adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer -- a survey in the region of Essen, Germany.
59  Glasgow coma
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2000 Intubation and survival in severe paediatric blunt head injury.
60  glass cover slips
(2 times)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
PECVD (1 time)
SFE (1 time)
2017 Effect of different implant abutment surfaces on OBA-09 epithelial cell adhesion.
61  Global Change Scale
(2 times)
Self-Help Devices
(1 time)
LSS (1 time)
SPCM (1 time)
1999 Reliability and validity of a rating scale for post-stroke psychiatric symptoms. SKETCH Study Group.
62  global citation score
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
LCS (1 time)
MeSH (1 time)
WoS (1 time)
2018 Mapping diabetes research in Middle Eastern countries during 2007-2013: A scientometric analysis.
63  Global peak systolic circumferential
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CMR (2 times)
EDVI (1 time)
ESVI (1 time)
2016 Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging based strain analysis of functional single ventricles: a study of intra- and inter-modality reproducibility.
64  goethite-coated sand
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BTC (1 time)
HB (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2010 Sorption and transport of salicylate in a porous heterogeneous medium of silica quartz and goethite.
65  GORE carotid stent
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAS (1 time)
CD-TLR (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2018 A First-in-Human Evaluation of a Novel Mesh-Covered Stent for Treatment of Carotid Stenosis in Patients at HighRiskfor Endarterectomy: 30-Day Results of the SCAFFOLD Trial.
66  Goutallier classification system
(2 times)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
EB LBP (1 time)
LM (1 time)
2014 Reliability of the Goutallier classification in quantifying muscle fatty degeneration in the lumbar multifidus using magnetic resonance imaging.
67  gradient concentration strip
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
AmB (1 time)
ISA (1 time)
ITZ (1 time)
2020 In Vitro Susceptibility of Fusarium to Isavuconazole.
68  granular-cell-size
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ET (2 times)
FCD (2 times)
IBCF (2 times)
2011 Local burn versus local cold induced acute effects on in vivo microcirculation and histomorphology of the human skin.
69  ground corn and raw soybean
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ECS (2 times)
SFCS (2 times)
2010 Effect of a mixture of steam-flaked corn and soybeans on health, growth, and selected blood metabolism of Holstein calves.
70  Group Cohesiveness Scale
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2013 The Group Cohesiveness Scale (GCS) for psychiatric inpatients.
71  guanidinylated chitosan
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2012 An inhalable beta₂-adrenoceptor ligand-directed guanidinylated chitosan carrier for targeted delivery of siRNA to lung.
72  G of the CS system
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CS system (1 time)
1982 Lack of time-dependent augmentation of carotid sinus baroreflex system after vagotomy.
73  galactosylated CHI-g-SPE
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CHI-g-SPE (1 time)
EF-TEM (1 time)
PEI (1 time)
2012 Galactosylation of chitosan-graft-spermine as a gene carrier for hepatocyte targeting in vitro and in vivo.
74  Gambling Craving Scale
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
DTQ (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2014 Desire thinking as a predictor of gambling.
75  gamma camera scintigraphy
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
RCs (1 time)
US (1 time)
2010 Pre-therapeutic (124)I PET(/CT) dosimetry confirms low average absorbed doses per administered (131)I activity to the salivary glands in radioiodine therapy of differentiated thyroid cancer.
76  ganglion cervicale superius
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1993 [Morphology of the ganglion cervicale superius in human fetuses and an adult].
77  garden cress seeds
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GAE (1 time)
SSF (1 time)
2019 Upgrading the phenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of garden cress seeds using solid-state fermentation by Trichoderma reesei.
78  gas chromatography
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
2005 Salt formation in solid dispersions consisting of polyacrylic acid as a carrier and three basic model compounds resulting in very high glass transition temperatures and constant dissolution properties upon storage.
79  gastric cancer combined with stress model group
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
CUMS (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
FST (1 time)
2018 The Level of Nesfatin-1 in a Mouse Gastric Cancer Model and Its Role in Gastric Cancer Comorbid with Depression.
80  gastric cancer subscale
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2020 Comparison of subjective quality of life after endoscopic submucosal resection or surgery for early gastric cancer.
81  gastric cancer-related stroke
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CA125 (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2018 Biomarkers of gastric cancer-related ischemic stroke and its underlying pathogenesis.
82  gay couple stimuli
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCS (1 time)
LCS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2011 Haemodynamic brain response to visual sexual stimuli is different between homosexual and heterosexual men.
83  GC sensitive group
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
GCR (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
2012 [Relationship between the expressions of glucocorticoid receptors alpha, beta, gamma, p and heat shock protein 90 mRNA in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia resistant to the glucocorticoid].
84  GCS worn during the test and recovery
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1987 Effects of graduated compression stockings on blood lactate following an exhaustive bout of exercise.
85  GCS-LS mRNA
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BHA (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
1994 Modulation of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase large subunit mRNA expression by butylated hydroxyanisole.
86  GCS-mr
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
APACHE II (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2010 Good mortality prediction by Glasgow Coma Scale for neurosurgical patients.
87  GCSsiRNA
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
MDR1 (2 times)
FCM (1 time)
MFI (1 time)
2011 The effect of glucosylceramide synthase on P-glycoprotein function in K562/AO2 leukemia drug-resistance cell line.
88  gel chromatography column scanning techniques
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1985 Preparation, quality control and application of 99mTc-gluco-ene-diolate for renal scanning.
89  gel column chromatography scanning
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
PC (1 time)
TLC (1 time)
1989 Evaluation in vitro and in vivo of two labelling techniques of different 99mTc-dextrans for lymphoscintigraphy.
90  gel-chromatography scanning
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1979 Quantitative lymphoscintigraphy I: Basic concepts for optimal uptake of radiocolloids in the parasternal lymph nodes of rabbits.
91  gelatinized corn starch
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2016 The effect of replacing lactose by starch on protein and fat digestion in milk-fed veal calves.
92  gemcitabine plus capecitabine and sunitinib
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DL0 (1 time)
DLT (1 time)
mRCC (1 time)
2014 Phase I study of sunitinib in combination with gemcitabine and capecitabine for first-line treatment of metastatic or unresectable renal cell carcinoma.
93  Gene Conservation Score
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DEG (1 time)
MHS (1 time)
2009 Computational prediction of essential genes in an unculturable endosymbiotic bacterium, Wolbachia of Brugia malayi.
94  general clinical score
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
BTS (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
2019 In Vivo Effectiveness of Injectable Antibiotics on the Recovery of Acute Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae-Infected Pigs.
95  General cognitive status
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2015 Age-related difference in relationships between cognitive processing speed and general cognitive status.
96  general cylindrical surface
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Metric rectification of curved document images.
97  general purpose Group of Sanitary Cooperation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2004 [For a coordination of the supportive care for people affected by severe illnesses: proposition of organization in the public and private health care centres].
98  Generalized calibration strategy
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2015 Solenoid micropump-based flow system for generalized calibration strategy.
99  generalized chirp scaling
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2017 Generalized Chirp Scaling Combined with Baseband Azimuth Scaling Algorithm for Large Bandwidth Sliding Spotlight SAR Imaging.
100  generalized chromosome shattering
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MAA (1 time)
PALCC (1 time)
2009 Chromosome shattering: a mitotic catastrophe due to chromosome condensation failure.