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Abbreviation: GD
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Long forms: 397

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gestational day
(1840 times)
Toxicology
(849 times)
PND (277 times)
TCDD (100 times)
PD (53 times)
1980 Development of fetal rat lung during prolonged gestation.
Graves' disease
(1814 times)
Endocrinology
(803 times)
HT (340 times)
AITD (192 times)
GO (166 times)
1981 Binding of solubilized human TSH-receptor protein by peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Graves' disease.
Gaucher disease
(660 times)
Hematology
(113 times)
ERT (122 times)
GBA (92 times)
PD (83 times)
1985 Association of Gaucher's disease and lymphoid malignancy in 2 children.
gestational diabetes
(131 times)
Endocrinology
(29 times)
PCOS (10 times)
OGTT (9 times)
GTT (6 times)
1976 Plasma concentrations of unconjugated estrone, estradiol-17beta and estriol, and HCS throughout pregnancy in diabetics and gestational diabetics.
gambling disorder
(122 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
HC (9 times)
CBT (5 times)
PD (5 times)
2014 DSM-5 gambling disorder: prevalence and characteristics in a substance use disorder sample.
gender dysphoria
(103 times)
Psychiatry
(40 times)
ASD (14 times)
FtM (10 times)
MTF (9 times)
1981 Expressive psychotherapy with gender dysphoric patients.
glucose deprivation
(78 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
ROS (14 times)
OGD (11 times)
AMPK (6 times)
1990 Cytosolic calcium during glucose deprivation in hippocampal pyramidal cells of rats.
gene diversity
(57 times)
Jurisprudence
(23 times)
HD (16 times)
DC (10 times)
PIC (8 times)
2002 [The polymorphism of four Y-STR loci and its application in forensic medicine].
gastric distension
(56 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
GD-E (9 times)
GD-I (9 times)
LHA (9 times)
1988 Olfactory and visceral projections to the nucleus of the solitary tract.
10  gallstone disease
(49 times)
Gastroenterology
(28 times)
NAFLD (11 times)
CI (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
1987 Erythrocyte fatty acid composition and gallstone disease: results of an epidemiological survey.
11  genetic distance
(44 times)
Genetics
(20 times)
SCA (5 times)
HCV (3 times)
SSR (3 times)
1992 Genetic diversity for RFLPs in European maize inbreds : II. Relation to performance of hybrids within versus between heterotic groups for forage traits.
12  gonadal dysgenesis
(43 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
DSD (7 times)
CAIS (3 times)
Dhh (3 times)
1975 [Gonadal dysgenesis, A follow-up study of 25 cases (author's transl)].
13  glow discharge
(23 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(21 times)
MS (5 times)
RF (4 times)
LA (3 times)
1990 Reduction of background labeling in colloidal gold-enzyme reactions.
14  gastroduodenal
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CAD (2 times)
DP (2 times)
DU (2 times)
1979 Prolonged manometric study of the gastroduodenal junction in man.
15  glutamate dehydrogenase
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
AST (8 times)
SD (5 times)
AP (2 times)
1977 [Effect of methionine sulfone on the growth of Citrobacter intermedius C3 (author's transl)].
16  geleophysic dysplasia
(19 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
WMS (9 times)
AD (8 times)
FBN1 (8 times)
1997 Patients with geleophysic dysplasia are not always geleophysic.
17  gemcitabine and docetaxel
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
OS (12 times)
CI (6 times)
PFS (6 times)
2005 Gemcitabine-docetaxel versus cisplatin-vinorelbine in advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer: a phase III study addressing the case for cisplatin.
18  gradient descent
(18 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
LM (3 times)
SA (3 times)
CG (2 times)
1993 Single layer neural networks for linear system identification using gradient descent technique.
19  gel diffusion
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
IHA (4 times)
CF (3 times)
CIE (2 times)
1975 Serological studies of Australia-antigenaemia in different categories of sick and healthy persons.
20  gadolinium chloride
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
KC (4 times)
LPS (4 times)
KCs (2 times)
1993 Lanthanide "blockade" of antigen-presenting cells suppresses lymphocyte proliferation by inducing nitric oxide synthesis.
21  germinal disc
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
EGF (3 times)
LH (2 times)
NGD (2 times)
1990 Regional pattern of cell maturation and progesterone biosynthesis in the avian granulosa cell layer.
22  graft dysfunction
(13 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
WFG (3 times)
AR (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2001 Recurrent IgA nephropathy in renal transplant allografts.
23  growth delay
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
VDT (3 times)
MR (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1985 The effect of treatment in fractionated schedules with the combination of X-irradiation and six cytotoxic drugs on the RIF-1 tumor and normal mouse skin.
24  gap detection
(12 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
BMLD (2 times)
APD (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
2004 Development of an auditory test battery for young children: a pilot study.
25  group delay
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
DS (2 times)
DWDM (2 times)
GVD (2 times)
2002 Topical meeting on optical interference coatings (OIC'2001): design contest results.
26  glomerular disease
(11 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
FSGS (3 times)
IgAN (2 times)
LN (2 times)
1996 MR findings in diffuse renal parenchymal disease.
27  graphdiyne
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CMs (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2012 A novel and highly efficient photocatalyst based on P25-graphdiyne nanocomposite.
28  glare disability
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CS (6 times)
CDVA (4 times)
cpd (3 times)
1984 A study of mandatory review of civil commitment.
29  gangrenous dermatitis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
NE (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Quantitative real-time PCR assay for Clostridium septicum in poultry gangrenous dermatitis associated samples.
30  gene duplication
(9 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
HGT (2 times)
flavoHbs (1 time)
2007 The (in)dependence of alternative splicing and gene duplication.
31  glomerular density
(9 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
GV (5 times)
eGFR (2 times)
MCNS (2 times)
2010 Glomerular density in renal biopsy specimens predicts the long-term prognosis of IgA nephropathy.
32  Guangdong
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
FJ (2 times)
GX (2 times)
HN (2 times)
2005 Variation analysis of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus putative non-structural protein 2 gene and construction of three-dimensional model.
33  gastric dilatation
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GDV (3 times)
CI (1 time)
IABD (1 time)
1995 Canine gastric dilatation/volvulus syndrome in a veterinary critical care unit: 295 cases (1986-1992).
34  gender diagnosticity
(8 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
AR (1 time)
F-to-M (1 time)
M-to-F (1 time)
1997 The display of masculinity, femininity, and gender diagnosticity in self-descriptive photo essays.
35  general distress
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AA (3 times)
AD (3 times)
ADE (1 time)
2005 Combined broncho-oesophagoscopy for diagnosis of HIV-associated disorders.
36  glutaraldehyde
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GSE (4 times)
GE (2 times)
CS (1 time)
1988 [A study of the effect of solvent composition and viscosity on the molecular dynamics of human serum albumin using Rayleigh scattering of Mossbauer radiation].
37  genetic discrimination
(7 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
HD (2 times)
CGP (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
2008 Engagement with genetic discrimination: concerns and experiences in the context of Huntington disease.
38  glucodynamic
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PK (7 times)
s.c (3 times)
HIIP (2 times)
2005 Dose response of inhaled dry-powder insulin and dose equivalence to subcutaneous insulin lispro.
39  glucose depletion
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1992 Differential effects of dietary carbohydrate on RPE at the lactate and ventilatory thresholds.
40  glucose disposal
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
IR (2 times)
GE (1 time)
GGE (1 time)
1992 Glucose metabolism and thermogenesis during glucose and insulin infusion in severely underweight patients.
41  grain density
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
1985 Mammotroph autoregulation: intracellular fate of internalized prolactin.
42  Great Danes
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GS (5 times)
MP (4 times)
SS (3 times)
2001 Gastrointestinal transit of solid radiopaque markers in large and giant breed growing dogs.
43  gallbladder disease
(6 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
NASH (2 times)
CEUS (1 time)
2008 Fatty liver disease: predictors of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and gallbladder disease in morbid obesity.
44  generalized demodicosis
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
LD (4 times)
AOGD (1 time)
DeltaPsim (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of canine lymphocyte blastogenesis prior and after in vitro suppression by dog demodicosis serum using ethidium bromide fluorescence assay.
45  glycogen-depleted
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NG (3 times)
ES (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1990 Proteinase (Cathepsin B, D, L and Calpains) levels and conditioning rates in normal, electrically stimulated and high-ultimate-pH chicken muscle.
46  Gorham's disease
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 2005 Treatment of Gorham's disease with zoledronic acid.
47  granular duct
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ID (3 times)
Ac (2 times)
SMG (2 times)
1985 Differential actions of testosterone and its metabolites on mice submandibular gland.
48  gyrus dentatus
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
20W-old (1 time)
4W-old (1 time)
1989 The effects of cyanide on neural and synaptic function in hippocampal slices.
49  Gaming Disorder
(5 times)
Behavior, Addictive
(4 times)
ADHD (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Inclusion of Gaming Disorder in ICD has more advantages than disadvantages.
50  gastric dysplasia
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GC (3 times)
CG (1 time)
EBER-ISH (1 time)
1994 Gastric dysplasia: a ten-year follow-up study.
51  Gastrulation Defective
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Ea (3 times)
Snk (3 times)
DV (1 time)
2001 Activation of a protease cascade involved in patterning the Drosophila embryo.
52  gene diversity values
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
STR (3 times)
Y-STR (2 times)
2008 [Polymorphism analysis of 11 Y-STR loci in Manchu population and genetic relationships with 16 populations].
53  Goodpasture's disease
(5 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
c-ANCA (1 time)
2011 Spinal subarachnoid hematomas and cerebral infarctions in Goodpasture's disease.
54  Gradia Direct
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2008 Repair potential of a laboratory-processed nano-hybrid resin composite.
55  grafting degree
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
2005 Preparation of a reticulated polyurethane foam grafted with poly(acrylic acid) through atmospheric pressure plasma treatment and its lysozyme immobilization.
56  grain dust
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PBMC (2 times)
BPT (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1998 Neutrophil infiltration and release of IL-8 in airway mucosa from subjects with grain dust-induced occupational asthma.
57  gramicidin D
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
D2S (1 time)
DODAC (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
2001 'Chemical condoms' for the prevention of HIV infection: evaluation of novel agents against SHIV(89.6PD) in vitro and in vivo.
58  granulomatous disease
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CVID (4 times)
AI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 Noncaseating granulomatous disease in common variable immunodeficiency.
59  Gallbladder dyskinesia
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CCK-HBS (1 time)
1997 Gallbladder dyskinesia in children.
60  Gamma delta
(4 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
WIHS (2 times)
BV (1 time)
FRT (1 time)
2016 Loss of Intra-Epithelial Endocervical Gamma Delta (GD) 1 T Cells in HIV-Infected Women.
61  gastroduodenostomy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HP (2 times)
PCV (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
1977 Gastroduodenostomy in dogs with and without parietal cell vagotomy. Effect upon gastric emptying and motility, Heidenhain pouch acid secretion and serum gastrin concentration.
62  gastrointestinal diseases
(4 times)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1996 Clinical evaluation of the faecal elastase test in the diagnosis and staging of chronic pancreatitis.
63  gastrointestinal dysfunction
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GAS (2 times)
MTL (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2009 [Gastrointestinal dysfunction in acute severe mountain sickness and its relation with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome].
64  general dentist
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PD (2 times)
GA (1 time)
MIDAS (1 time)
2006 Headache impact in patients with orofacial pain.
65  genotypic diversity
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AFLP (2 times)
sap-feeders (1 time)
1999 Temporal trends in the population structure of Bordetella pertussis during 1949-1996 in a highly vaccinated population.
66  geometric distortion
(4 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ICSRS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2012 Forensic identification of resampling operators: A semi non-intrusive approach.
67  geriatric depression
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EWGSOP (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of depression in an elderly population living with family members in Beijing, China.
68  gestational diabetes mellitus
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DNMT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2012 Differential placental expression profile of human Growth Hormone/Chorionic Somatomammotropin genes in pregnancies with pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus.
69  gestational diabetic patients
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
Arc (1 time)
CO (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1986 High levels of growth hormone and human placental lactogen in pregnancy complicated by diabetes.
70  gingival display
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
APE (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CLc (1 time)
2011 Esthetics and smile characteristics evaluated by laypersons.
71  globin digest
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FFA (1 time)
GalN (1 time)
HTGL (1 time)
1996 Globin digest, acidic protease hydrolysate, inhibits dietary hypertriglyceridemia and Val-Val-Tyr-Pro, one of its constituents, possesses most superior effect.
72  glycerol dehydratase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PFL (2 times)
3-HPA (1 time)
AdoCbl (1 time)
1976 [Effect of environmental factors on inactivation of B12-dependent glycerol dehydratase from Aerobacter aerogenes].
73  Golden Delicious
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RD (2 times)
FJ (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2009 In vitro measures used to predict anticancer activity of apple cultivars and their comparison to outcomes from a rat model of experimentally induced breast cancer.
74  gonadotropin deficiency
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CDP (2 times)
CD (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1984 Differential diagnosis of male central hypogonadism by short-term pulsatile LHRH administration.
75  gradient difference
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
GC (2 times)
GPU (2 times)
NCC (2 times)
2009 Evaluation of similarity measures for use in the intensity-based rigid 2D-3D registration for patient positioning in radiotherapy.
76  grumose degeneration
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DN (2 times)
PSP (2 times)
SCP (1 time)
1989 "Grumose degeneration" of Tretiakoff.
77  guanethidine
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
CSG (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1990 Guanethidine-mediated destruction of ovarian sympathetic nerves disrupts ovarian development and function in rats.
78  Guanine derivatives
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
CNTs (1 time)
CRGO (1 time)
2007 Guanine derivatives modulate extracellular matrix proteins organization and improve neuron-astrocyte co-culture.
79  galvanic displacement
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ACD (1 time)
DE (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2011 Ultrasmooth gold thin films by self-limiting galvanic displacement on silicon.
80  gametic disequilibrium
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
EFRs (1 time)
HEMA (1 time)
2002 Distribution of nonrandom associations between pairs of protein loci along the third chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster.
81  gamma distribution
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
FCT (1 time)
2003 Discrete stochastic process underlying perceptual rivalry.
82  Gamma-decanolactone
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
iNOS (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
2016 Gamma-decanolactone inhibits iNOS and TNF-alpha production by lipopolysaccharide-activated microglia in N9 cells.
83  Gastric diverticulum
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
2012 Gastric diverticulum: "a wayside house of ill fame" with a laparoscopic solution.
84  GD group
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CCR (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
HIF (1 time)
2006 Changes of regulatory T cells in Graves' disease.
85  gel diffusion precipitin test
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CFT (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
CIE (1 time)
1984 A comparison of three serological tests for the diagnosis of B. ovis infection in rams.
86  geldanamycin
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
Hsp90 (2 times)
GEM (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
2003 Geldanamycin inhibits the production of inflammatory cytokines in activated macrophages by reducing the stability and translation of cytokine transcripts.
87  gene diversity index
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMOVA (1 time)
EST-SSRs (1 time)
PAGE (1 time)
2012 Development and characterization of highly polymorphic long TC repeat microsatellite markers for genetic analysis of peanut.
88  general dermatology
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BDD (2 times)
BASHH (1 time)
BDDQ (1 time)
2014 The frequency of body dysmorphic disorder in dermatology and cosmetic dermatology clinics: a study from Turkey.
89  general developmental
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CCDI (1 time)
DQ (1 time)
2004 The relationship of social function with motor and speech functions in children with autism.
90  generalized differences
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
LSCI (2 times)
MHI (1 time)
WGD (1 time)
2012 Alternative measures for biospeckle image analysis.
91  generalized dystonia
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
2001 Treatment of intractable generalized dystonia by bilateral posteroventral pallidotomy--one-year results.
92  generic drugs
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2005 [Generic drugs in the treatment of epilepsy].
93  Gestodene
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
DG (3 times)
Cp (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1990 Treatment of hirsutism related to micropolycystic ovary syndrome (MPCO) with two low-dose oestrogen oral contraceptives: a comparative randomized evaluation.
94  gingival displacement
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CL-LBs (1 time)
Cu-NiTi (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2014 A double-blind randomised clinical trial of two techniques for gingival displacement.
95  Gla domain
(3 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
DCP (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1997 Properties of a recombinant chimeric protein in which the gamma-carboxyglutamic acid and helical stack domains of human anticoagulant protein C are replaced by those of human coagulation factor VII.
96  glandular dysplasia
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
AIS (2 times)
ER (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1996 [A study on the association between glandular dysplasia and cervical squamous neoplasia in surgical specimens].
97  globular domain
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
COCS (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2016 Regulation of Cellular Dynamics and Chromosomal Binding Site Preference of Linker Histones H1.0 and H1.X.
98  glucocorticoid-deficient
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
AQPs (1 time)
ARR (1 time)
2005 Molecular mechanisms of impaired urinary concentrating ability in glucocorticoid-deficient rats.
99  Gluma Desensitizer
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GCBD (1 time)
OG (1 time)
OX (1 time)
2004 Effects of desensitizing agents on dentinal tubule occlusion.
100  Glycyphagus domesticus
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LD (3 times)
TP (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1991 Skin cross-reactivity between Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and storage mites in atopic children.