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Abbreviation: GD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Graves' disease
(2018 times)
Endocrinology
(885 times)
HT (371 times)
AITD (212 times)
GO (193 times)
1981 Binding of solubilized human TSH-receptor protein by peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Graves' disease.
gestational day
(1993 times)
Toxicology
(889 times)
PND (300 times)
TCDD (101 times)
PD (56 times)
1980 Development of fetal rat lung during prolonged gestation.
Gaucher disease
(738 times)
Hematology
(118 times)
ERT (143 times)
GBA (99 times)
PD (91 times)
1985 Association of Gaucher's disease and lymphoid malignancy in 2 children.
gambling disorder
(186 times)
Psychiatry
(41 times)
HC (17 times)
CBT (8 times)
IGD (8 times)
2014 DSM-5 gambling disorder: prevalence and characteristics in a substance use disorder sample.
gestational diabetes
(144 times)
Endocrinology
(32 times)
PCOS (10 times)
OGTT (9 times)
BMI (8 times)
1976 Plasma concentrations of unconjugated estrone, estradiol-17beta and estriol, and HCS throughout pregnancy in diabetics and gestational diabetics.
gender dysphoria
(124 times)
Psychiatry
(48 times)
ASD (15 times)
FTM (10 times)
MTF (9 times)
1981 Expressive psychotherapy with gender dysphoric patients.
glucose deprivation
(79 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
ROS (14 times)
OGD (11 times)
AMPK (7 times)
1990 Cytosolic calcium during glucose deprivation in hippocampal pyramidal cells of rats.
gene diversity
(65 times)
Jurisprudence
(26 times)
HD (17 times)
DC (11 times)
PIC (9 times)
2002 [The polymorphism of four Y-STR loci and its application in forensic medicine].
gastric distension
(60 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
GD-E (9 times)
GD-I (9 times)
LHA (9 times)
1988 Olfactory and visceral projections to the nucleus of the solitary tract.
10  gallstone disease
(57 times)
Gastroenterology
(30 times)
NAFLD (13 times)
CI (9 times)
BMI (7 times)
1987 Erythrocyte fatty acid composition and gallstone disease: results of an epidemiological survey.
11  genetic distance
(51 times)
Genetics
(21 times)
SCA (5 times)
MPH (4 times)
BPH (3 times)
1992 Genetic diversity for RFLPs in European maize inbreds : II. Relation to performance of hybrids within versus between heterotic groups for forage traits.
12  gonadal dysgenesis
(46 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
DSD (9 times)
CAIS (3 times)
Dhh (3 times)
1975 [Gonadal dysgenesis, A follow-up study of 25 cases (author's transl)].
13  gradient descent
(25 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
LM (5 times)
SA (3 times)
CG (2 times)
1993 Single layer neural networks for linear system identification using gradient descent technique.
14  glow discharge
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(22 times)
MS (5 times)
RF (4 times)
LA (3 times)
1990 Reduction of background labeling in colloidal gold-enzyme reactions.
15  gastroduodenal
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CAD (2 times)
DP (2 times)
DU (2 times)
1979 Prolonged manometric study of the gastroduodenal junction in man.
16  gemcitabine and docetaxel
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
OS (13 times)
PFS (7 times)
CI (6 times)
2005 Gemcitabine-docetaxel versus cisplatin-vinorelbine in advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer: a phase III study addressing the case for cisplatin.
17  glutamate dehydrogenase
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
AST (8 times)
SD (5 times)
AP (2 times)
1977 [Effect of methionine sulfone on the growth of Citrobacter intermedius C3 (author's transl)].
18  geleophysic dysplasia
(19 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
WMS (9 times)
AD (8 times)
FBN1 (8 times)
1997 Patients with geleophysic dysplasia are not always geleophysic.
19  gel diffusion
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
IHA (4 times)
CF (3 times)
CIE (2 times)
1975 Serological studies of Australia-antigenaemia in different categories of sick and healthy persons.
20  germinal disc
(16 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
EGF (3 times)
LH (2 times)
NGD (2 times)
1990 Regional pattern of cell maturation and progesterone biosynthesis in the avian granulosa cell layer.
21  gadolinium chloride
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
KC (4 times)
LPS (4 times)
KCs (2 times)
1993 Lanthanide "blockade" of antigen-presenting cells suppresses lymphocyte proliferation by inducing nitric oxide synthesis.
22  glomerular disease
(14 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
FSGS (3 times)
LN (3 times)
IgAN (2 times)
1996 MR findings in diffuse renal parenchymal disease.
23  graft dysfunction
(14 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
WFG (3 times)
AR (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2001 Recurrent IgA nephropathy in renal transplant allografts.
24  group delay
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
DS (2 times)
DWDM (2 times)
GVD (2 times)
2002 Topical meeting on optical interference coatings (OIC'2001): design contest results.
25  growth delay
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
VDT (3 times)
MR (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1985 The effect of treatment in fractionated schedules with the combination of X-irradiation and six cytotoxic drugs on the RIF-1 tumor and normal mouse skin.
26  Guangdong
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
GX (3 times)
SC (3 times)
FJ (2 times)
2005 Variation analysis of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus putative non-structural protein 2 gene and construction of three-dimensional model.
27  gap detection
(12 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
BMLD (2 times)
APD (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
2004 Development of an auditory test battery for young children: a pilot study.
28  graphdiyne
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CMs (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2012 A novel and highly efficient photocatalyst based on P25-graphdiyne nanocomposite.
29  gadopentetate dimeglumine
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
CNR (2 times)
FE (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1993 Theoretical analysis of gadopentetate dimeglumine enhancement in T1-weighted imaging of the brain: comparison of two-dimensional spin-echo and three-dimensional gradient-echo sequences.
30  glare disability
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CS (6 times)
CDVA (4 times)
VA (4 times)
1984 A study of mandatory review of civil commitment.
31  glutaraldehyde
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GSE (4 times)
GE (2 times)
UTS (2 times)
1988 [A study of the effect of solvent composition and viscosity on the molecular dynamics of human serum albumin using Rayleigh scattering of Mossbauer radiation].
32  gene duplication
(10 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
HGT (2 times)
flavoHbs (1 time)
2007 The (in)dependence of alternative splicing and gene duplication.
33  gangrenous dermatitis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
NE (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Quantitative real-time PCR assay for Clostridium septicum in poultry gangrenous dermatitis associated samples.
34  glomerular density
(9 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
GV (5 times)
eGFR (2 times)
MCNS (2 times)
2010 Glomerular density in renal biopsy specimens predicts the long-term prognosis of IgA nephropathy.
35  gastric dilatation
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GDV (3 times)
CI (1 time)
IABD (1 time)
1995 Canine gastric dilatation/volvulus syndrome in a veterinary critical care unit: 295 cases (1986-1992).
36  gastric dysplasia
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GC (5 times)
HGD (2 times)
LGD (2 times)
1994 Gastric dysplasia: a ten-year follow-up study.
37  gender diagnosticity
(8 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
AR (1 time)
F-to-M (1 time)
M-to-F (1 time)
1997 The display of masculinity, femininity, and gender diagnosticity in self-descriptive photo essays.
38  general distress
(8 times)
Stress, Physiological
(1 time)
AA (3 times)
AD (3 times)
ADE (1 time)
2005 Combined broncho-oesophagoscopy for diagnosis of HIV-associated disorders.
39  Genetic discrimination
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
HD (2 times)
CGP (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
2008 Engagement with genetic discrimination: concerns and experiences in the context of Huntington disease.
40  glucodynamics
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PK (7 times)
s.c (4 times)
HIIP (2 times)
2005 Dose response of inhaled dry-powder insulin and dose equivalence to subcutaneous insulin lispro.
41  grafting degree
(8 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
CDI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2005 Preparation of a reticulated polyurethane foam grafted with poly(acrylic acid) through atmospheric pressure plasma treatment and its lysozyme immobilization.
42  generalized demodicosis
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
LD (4 times)
TLRs (2 times)
AOGD (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of canine lymphocyte blastogenesis prior and after in vitro suppression by dog demodicosis serum using ethidium bromide fluorescence assay.
43  geometric distortion
(7 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2012 Forensic identification of resampling operators: A semi non-intrusive approach.
44  glucose depletion
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1992 Differential effects of dietary carbohydrate on RPE at the lactate and ventilatory thresholds.
45  glucose disposal
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
IR (2 times)
GE (1 time)
GGE (1 time)
1992 Glucose metabolism and thermogenesis during glucose and insulin infusion in severely underweight patients.
46  Gorham's disease
(7 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2005 Treatment of Gorham's disease with zoledronic acid.
47  grain density
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
1985 Mammotroph autoregulation: intracellular fate of internalized prolactin.
48  Great Danes
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GS (5 times)
MP (4 times)
SS (3 times)
2001 Gastrointestinal transit of solid radiopaque markers in large and giant breed growing dogs.
49  gyrus dentatus
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
20W-old (1 time)
4W-old (1 time)
1989 The effects of cyanide on neural and synaptic function in hippocampal slices.
50  gallbladder disease
(6 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
NASH (2 times)
CEUS (1 time)
2008 Fatty liver disease: predictors of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and gallbladder disease in morbid obesity.
51  Gastrulation Defective
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
Ea (3 times)
Snk (3 times)
BAP (1 time)
2001 Activation of a protease cascade involved in patterning the Drosophila embryo.
52  glycogen-depleted
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NG (3 times)
ES (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1990 Proteinase (Cathepsin B, D, L and Calpains) levels and conditioning rates in normal, electrically stimulated and high-ultimate-pH chicken muscle.
53  grain dust
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PBMC (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BPT (1 time)
1998 Neutrophil infiltration and release of IL-8 in airway mucosa from subjects with grain dust-induced occupational asthma.
54  granular duct
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ID (3 times)
AC (2 times)
SMG (2 times)
1985 Differential actions of testosterone and its metabolites on mice submandibular gland.
55  granulomatous disease
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CVID (4 times)
AI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 Noncaseating granulomatous disease in common variable immunodeficiency.
56  gastrointestinal disorders
(5 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
BBD (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1996 Clinical evaluation of the faecal elastase test in the diagnosis and staging of chronic pancreatitis.
57  gastrointestinal dysfunction
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GAS (2 times)
MTL (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2009 [Gastrointestinal dysfunction in acute severe mountain sickness and its relation with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome].
58  gene diversity values
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
STR (3 times)
Y-STR (2 times)
2008 [Polymorphism analysis of 11 Y-STR loci in Manchu population and genetic relationships with 16 populations].
59  general dentists
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
GA (1 time)
MIDAS (1 time)
2006 Headache impact in patients with orofacial pain.
60  generalized dystonia
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
DBS (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
2001 Treatment of intractable generalized dystonia by bilateral posteroventral pallidotomy--one-year results.
61  geriatric depression
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EWGSOP (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of depression in an elderly population living with family members in Beijing, China.
62  gestational diabetes mellitus
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DNMT (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2012 Differential placental expression profile of human Growth Hormone/Chorionic Somatomammotropin genes in pregnancies with pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus.
63  gingival display
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GS (2 times)
APE (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2011 Esthetics and smile characteristics evaluated by laypersons.
64  Goodpasture's disease
(5 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
c-ANCA (1 time)
2011 Spinal subarachnoid hematomas and cerebral infarctions in Goodpasture's disease.
65  Gradia Direct
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2008 Repair potential of a laboratory-processed nano-hybrid resin composite.
66  gradient difference
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
NCC (3 times)
GC (2 times)
GPU (2 times)
2009 Evaluation of similarity measures for use in the intensity-based rigid 2D-3D registration for patient positioning in radiotherapy.
67  gramicidin D
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
D2S (1 time)
DODAC (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
2001 'Chemical condoms' for the prevention of HIV infection: evaluation of novel agents against SHIV(89.6PD) in vitro and in vivo.
68  Gallbladder dyskinesia
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CCK-HBS (1 time)
1997 Gallbladder dyskinesia in children.
69  galvanic displacement
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ACD (1 time)
DE (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2011 Ultrasmooth gold thin films by self-limiting galvanic displacement on silicon.
70  Gamma delta
(4 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
WIHS (2 times)
BV (1 time)
FRT (1 time)
2016 Loss of Intra-Epithelial Endocervical Gamma Delta (GD) 1 T Cells in HIV-Infected Women.
71  gamma distribution
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
FCT (1 time)
2003 Discrete stochastic process underlying perceptual rivalry.
72  Gastric diverticula
(4 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
2012 Gastric diverticulum: "a wayside house of ill fame" with a laparoscopic solution.
73  gastroduodenostomy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HP (2 times)
PCV (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
1977 Gastroduodenostomy in dogs with and without parietal cell vagotomy. Effect upon gastric emptying and motility, Heidenhain pouch acid secretion and serum gastrin concentration.
74  genotypic diversity
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AFLP (2 times)
sap-feeders (1 time)
1999 Temporal trends in the population structure of Bordetella pertussis during 1949-1996 in a highly vaccinated population.
75  gestational diabetic mothers
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
Arc (1 time)
CO (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1986 High levels of growth hormone and human placental lactogen in pregnancy complicated by diabetes.
76  globin digest
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FFA (1 time)
GalN (1 time)
HTGL (1 time)
1996 Globin digest, acidic protease hydrolysate, inhibits dietary hypertriglyceridemia and Val-Val-Tyr-Pro, one of its constituents, possesses most superior effect.
77  Gluma Desensitizer
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CHX (1 time)
GCBD (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2004 Effects of desensitizing agents on dentinal tubule occlusion.
78  glycerol dehydratase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PFL (2 times)
3-HPA (1 time)
AdoCbl (1 time)
1976 [Effect of environmental factors on inactivation of B12-dependent glycerol dehydratase from Aerobacter aerogenes].
79  Golden Delicious
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RD (2 times)
FJ (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2009 In vitro measures used to predict anticancer activity of apple cultivars and their comparison to outcomes from a rat model of experimentally induced breast cancer.
80  gonadotropin deficiency
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CDP (2 times)
CD (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1984 Differential diagnosis of male central hypogonadism by short-term pulsatile LHRH administration.
81  grain diameter
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GA (3 times)
GL (3 times)
GW (3 times)
2001 [Morphological results after eccentric perforating keratoplasty].
82  Graves' hyperthyroidism
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ATDs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
ECLIA (1 time)
2002 Circulating soluble Fas ligand correlates with disease activity in Graves' hyperthyroidism.
83  grumose degeneration
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DN (2 times)
PSP (2 times)
SCP (1 time)
1989 "Grumose degeneration" of Tretiakoff.
84  guanethidine
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
CSG (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1990 Guanethidine-mediated destruction of ovarian sympathetic nerves disrupts ovarian development and function in rats.
85  Guangdong Province
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GX (2 times)
GZ (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2009 [Epidemiological analysis of imported cases of dengue fever in Guangdong province and Hong Kong during 2004-2006 in China].
86  Guanine derivatives
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
CNTs (1 time)
CRGO (1 time)
2007 Guanine derivatives modulate extracellular matrix proteins organization and improve neuron-astrocyte co-culture.
87  gut decontamination
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
GVHD (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
allo-HCT (1 time)
2004 [Efficacy and safety of gut decontamination in patients with acute therapeutic drug overdose].
88  gait disorders
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BI (1 time)
FOF (1 time)
FOG (1 time)
2007 Subcortical vascular lesions and functional recovery in older patients with gait disorders.
89  gallus domesticus
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2017 Calcium Supplement Derived from Gallus gallus domesticus Promotes BMP-2/RUNX2/SMAD5 and Suppresses TRAP/RANK Expression through MAPK Signaling Activation.
90  gametic disequilibrium
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
EFRs (1 time)
HEMA (1 time)
2002 Distribution of nonrandom associations between pairs of protein loci along the third chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster.
91  Gamma-decanolactone
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
iNOS (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
DZP (1 time)
2016 Gamma-decanolactone inhibits iNOS and TNF-alpha production by lipopolysaccharide-activated microglia in N9 cells.
92  gaze deviation
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EN (1 time)
FEFs (1 time)
PLEDs (1 time)
2005 Gaze deviation from contralateral pseudoperiodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs).
93  GD group
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CCR (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
HIF (1 time)
2006 Changes of regulatory T cells in Graves' disease.
94  gel diffusion precipitin test
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CFT (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
CIE (1 time)
1984 A comparison of three serological tests for the diagnosis of B. ovis infection in rams.
95  geldanamycin
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Hsp90 (2 times)
GEM (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
2003 Geldanamycin inhibits the production of inflammatory cytokines in activated macrophages by reducing the stability and translation of cytokine transcripts.
96  gene disruption
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
GHR (1 time)
TALENs (1 time)
ZFNs (1 time)
2014 Parameters and efficiency of direct gene disruption by zinc finger nucleases in medaka embryos.
97  gene diversity index
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMOVA (1 time)
EST-SSRs (1 time)
PAGE (1 time)
2012 Development and characterization of highly polymorphic long TC repeat microsatellite markers for genetic analysis of peanut.
98  general dermatology
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BDD (2 times)
BASHH (1 time)
BDDQ (1 time)
2014 The frequency of body dysmorphic disorder in dermatology and cosmetic dermatology clinics: a study from Turkey.
99  general development
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CCDI (1 time)
DQ (1 time)
2004 The relationship of social function with motor and speech functions in children with autism.
100  generalized differences
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
LSCI (2 times)
MHI (1 time)
WGD (1 time)
2012 Alternative measures for biospeckle image analysis.