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Abbreviation: GD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Graves' disease
(2405 times)
Endocrinology
(992 times)
HT (431 times)
AITD (251 times)
GO (247 times)
1981 Binding of solubilized human TSH-receptor protein by peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Graves' disease.
gestational day
(2225 times)
Toxicology
(963 times)
PND (328 times)
TCDD (101 times)
PD (62 times)
1980 Development of fetal rat lung during prolonged gestation.
Gaucher disease
(895 times)
Hematology
(128 times)
ERT (170 times)
GBA (120 times)
GCase (116 times)
1985 Association of Gaucher's disease and lymphoid malignancy in 2 children.
gambling disorder
(317 times)
Psychiatry
(69 times)
HC (19 times)
IGD (18 times)
CBT (14 times)
2014 DSM-5 gambling disorder: prevalence and characteristics in a substance use disorder sample.
gender dysphoria
(193 times)
Psychiatry
(69 times)
ASD (19 times)
FtM (13 times)
MTF (12 times)
1981 Expressive psychotherapy with gender dysphoric patients.
gestational diabetes
(176 times)
Endocrinology
(34 times)
PCOS (11 times)
OGTT (10 times)
BMI (8 times)
1976 Plasma concentrations of unconjugated estrone, estradiol-17beta and estriol, and HCS throughout pregnancy in diabetics and gestational diabetics.
glucose deprivation
(85 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
ROS (14 times)
OGD (12 times)
AMPK (7 times)
1990 Cytosolic calcium during glucose deprivation in hippocampal pyramidal cells of rats.
gene diversity
(84 times)
Jurisprudence
(32 times)
HD (23 times)
DC (18 times)
PIC (14 times)
2002 [The polymorphism of four Y-STR loci and its application in forensic medicine].
gallstone disease
(69 times)
Gastroenterology
(32 times)
NAFLD (15 times)
CI (10 times)
BMI (7 times)
1987 Erythrocyte fatty acid composition and gallstone disease: results of an epidemiological survey.
10  genetic distance
(65 times)
Genetics
(22 times)
SCA (8 times)
SSR (7 times)
BPH (5 times)
1992 Genetic diversity for RFLPs in European maize inbreds : II. Relation to performance of hybrids within versus between heterotic groups for forage traits.
11  gastric distension
(61 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
GD-E (9 times)
GD-I (9 times)
LHA (9 times)
1988 Olfactory and visceral projections to the nucleus of the solitary tract.
12  gonadal dysgenesis
(55 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
DSD (15 times)
CAIS (5 times)
Dhh (4 times)
1975 [Gonadal dysgenesis, A follow-up study of 25 cases (author's transl)].
13  gradient descent
(38 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
LM (5 times)
SA (3 times)
ANN (2 times)
1993 Single layer neural networks for linear system identification using gradient descent technique.
14  gastroduodenal
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CAD (2 times)
DP (2 times)
DU (2 times)
1979 Prolonged manometric study of the gastroduodenal junction in man.
15  glow discharge
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(22 times)
MS (5 times)
RF (4 times)
LA (3 times)
1990 Reduction of background labeling in colloidal gold-enzyme reactions.
16  geleophysic dysplasia
(24 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
AD (11 times)
FBN1 (10 times)
WMS (9 times)
1997 Patients with geleophysic dysplasia are not always geleophysic.
17  gemcitabine and docetaxel
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
OS (15 times)
CI (7 times)
PFS (7 times)
2005 Gemcitabine-docetaxel versus cisplatin-vinorelbine in advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer: a phase III study addressing the case for cisplatin.
18  glomerular disease
(22 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
LN (5 times)
FSGS (4 times)
MN (4 times)
1996 MR findings in diffuse renal parenchymal disease.
19  glutamate dehydrogenase
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
AST (8 times)
SD (5 times)
AP (2 times)
1977 [Effect of methionine sulfone on the growth of Citrobacter intermedius C3 (author's transl)].
20  germinal disc
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
EGF (3 times)
NGD (3 times)
EGFR (2 times)
1990 Regional pattern of cell maturation and progesterone biosynthesis in the avian granulosa cell layer.
21  gel diffusion
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
IHA (4 times)
CF (3 times)
CIE (2 times)
1975 Serological studies of Australia-antigenaemia in different categories of sick and healthy persons.
22  graphdiyne
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CB (1 time)
CI-NEB (1 time)
CMs (1 time)
2011 A novel and highly efficient photocatalyst based on P25-graphdiyne nanocomposite.
23  graft dysfunction
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
WFG (3 times)
AR (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2001 Recurrent IgA nephropathy in renal transplant allografts.
24  Guangdong
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
GX (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
2005 Variation analysis of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus putative non-structural protein 2 gene and construction of three-dimensional model.
25  gadolinium chloride
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
KC (4 times)
LPS (4 times)
KCs (2 times)
1993 Lanthanide "blockade" of antigen-presenting cells suppresses lymphocyte proliferation by inducing nitric oxide synthesis.
26  group delay
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
DS (2 times)
DWDM (2 times)
GVD (2 times)
2002 Topical meeting on optical interference coatings (OIC'2001): design contest results.
27  growth delay
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
VDT (3 times)
MR (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1985 The effect of treatment in fractionated schedules with the combination of X-irradiation and six cytotoxic drugs on the RIF-1 tumor and normal mouse skin.
28  genetic discrimination
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
HD (2 times)
BaYMV (1 time)
CGP (1 time)
2007 Engagement with genetic discrimination: concerns and experiences in the context of Huntington disease.
29  gustatory dysfunction
(13 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
OD (8 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
AFT (1 time)
2019 Association Between Olfactory and Gustatory Dysfunction and Cognition in Older Adults.
30  gap detection
(12 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
BMLD (2 times)
APD (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
2004 Development of an auditory test battery for young children: a pilot study.
31  gene duplication
(12 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AS (3 times)
HGT (2 times)
AP3 (1 time)
2007 The (in)dependence of alternative splicing and gene duplication.
32  glare disability
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CS (6 times)
CDVA (4 times)
VA (4 times)
1984 A study of mandatory review of civil commitment.
33  glucodynamics
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
PK (10 times)
s.c (5 times)
URLi (3 times)
2005 Dose response of inhaled dry-powder insulin and dose equivalence to subcutaneous insulin lispro.
34  glutaraldehyde
(11 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GSE (4 times)
GE (2 times)
UTS (2 times)
1988 [A study of the effect of solvent composition and viscosity on the molecular dynamics of human serum albumin using Rayleigh scattering of Mossbauer radiation].
35  grafting degree
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CDI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2005 Preparation of a reticulated polyurethane foam grafted with poly(acrylic acid) through atmospheric pressure plasma treatment and its lysozyme immobilization.
36  gastric dysplasia
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
GC (6 times)
HGD (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1994 Gastric dysplasia: a ten-year follow-up study.
37  general dentists
(10 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
PD (5 times)
DH (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2006 Headache impact in patients with orofacial pain.
38  general distress
(10 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AA (3 times)
AD (3 times)
ADE (1 time)
2005 Combined broncho-oesophagoscopy for diagnosis of HIV-associated disorders.
39  geometric distortion
(10 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
ADC (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
BH (1 time)
2011 Forensic identification of resampling operators: A semi non-intrusive approach.
40  geriatric depression
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
GDS (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of depression in an elderly population living with family members in Beijing, China.
41  gangrenous dermatitis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
NE (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Quantitative real-time PCR assay for Clostridium septicum in poultry gangrenous dermatitis associated samples.
42  gastric dilatation
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
GDV (3 times)
IABD (2 times)
BD-NOS (1 time)
1995 Canine gastric dilatation/volvulus syndrome in a veterinary critical care unit: 295 cases (1986-1992).
43  glomerular density
(9 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
GV (5 times)
eGFR (2 times)
MCNS (2 times)
2009 Glomerular density in renal biopsy specimens predicts the long-term prognosis of IgA nephropathy.
44  gender diagnosticity
(8 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
AR (1 time)
F-to-M (1 time)
M-to-F (1 time)
1997 The display of masculinity, femininity, and gender diagnosticity in self-descriptive photo essays.
45  glucose depletion
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
ABI (1 time)
1992 Differential effects of dietary carbohydrate on RPE at the lactate and ventilatory thresholds.
46  grain density
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
1985 Mammotroph autoregulation: intracellular fate of internalized prolactin.
47  gamma distribution
(7 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
IVIM (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
m-E (2 times)
2003 Discrete stochastic process underlying perceptual rivalry.
48  generalized demodicosis
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
LD (4 times)
TLRs (2 times)
AOGD (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of canine lymphocyte blastogenesis prior and after in vitro suppression by dog demodicosis serum using ethidium bromide fluorescence assay.
49  gestational diabetes mellitus
(7 times)
Food
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
DNMT (1 time)
GWG (1 time)
2012 Differential placental expression profile of human Growth Hormone/Chorionic Somatomammotropin genes in pregnancies with pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus.
50  gingival display
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BC (2 times)
GS (2 times)
APE (1 time)
2011 Esthetics and smile characteristics evaluated by laypersons.
51  glucose disposal
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
IR (2 times)
GE (1 time)
GGE (1 time)
1992 Glucose metabolism and thermogenesis during glucose and insulin infusion in severely underweight patients.
52  glucose dysregulation
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
IFG (4 times)
OGTT (4 times)
beta-TM (3 times)
2019 Insulin secretion-sensitivity index-2 could be a novel marker in the identification of the role of pancreatic iron deposition on beta-cell function in thalassemia major.
53  Gorham's disease
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 2005 Treatment of Gorham's disease with zoledronic acid.
54  Great Danes
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GS (5 times)
MP (4 times)
SS (3 times)
2001 Gastrointestinal transit of solid radiopaque markers in large and giant breed growing dogs.
55  Guangdong Province
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GX (2 times)
GZ (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2009 [Epidemiological analysis of imported cases of dengue fever in Guangdong province and Hong Kong during 2004-2006 in China].
56  gyrus dentatus
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
20W-old (1 time)
4W-old (1 time)
1989 The effects of cyanide on neural and synaptic function in hippocampal slices.
57  gallbladder disease
(6 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
NASH (2 times)
CEUS (1 time)
2008 Fatty liver disease: predictors of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and gallbladder disease in morbid obesity.
58  Gamma delta
(6 times)
Immune System Diseases
(2 times)
WIHS (2 times)
AB (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2015 Loss of Intra-Epithelial Endocervical Gamma Delta (GD) 1 T Cells in HIV-Infected Women.
59  Gastric diverticulum
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
ED (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2013 Gastric diverticulum: "a wayside house of ill fame" with a laparoscopic solution.
60  Gastrulation Defective
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Ea (3 times)
Snk (3 times)
BAP (1 time)
2001 Activation of a protease cascade involved in patterning the Drosophila embryo.
61  gender discrimination
(6 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(2 times)
SH (2 times)
CTD (1 time)
DFM (1 time)
2011 The effects of gender discrimination on refugee torture survivors: a cross-cultural traumatology perspective.
62  Glasser's disease
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
MH (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1997 [Examination of primary SPF swine after experimental infection with Haemophilus parasuis. Clinical symptoms, changes in hematological parameters and in the parameters of the cerebrospinal fluid].
63  globin digest
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FFA (2 times)
VVYP (2 times)
AST (1 time)
1996 Globin digest, acidic protease hydrolysate, inhibits dietary hypertriglyceridemia and Val-Val-Tyr-Pro, one of its constituents, possesses most superior effect.
64  glycogen-depleted
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NG (3 times)
ES (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1990 Proteinase (Cathepsin B, D, L and Calpains) levels and conditioning rates in normal, electrically stimulated and high-ultimate-pH chicken muscle.
65  grain diameter
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GA (3 times)
GL (3 times)
GW (3 times)
2001 [Morphological results after eccentric perforating keratoplasty].
66  grain dust
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PBMC (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BPT (1 time)
1998 Neutrophil infiltration and release of IL-8 in airway mucosa from subjects with grain dust-induced occupational asthma.
67  granular duct
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ID (3 times)
Ac (2 times)
SMG (2 times)
1985 Differential actions of testosterone and its metabolites on mice submandibular gland.
68  granulomatous disease
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CVID (4 times)
AI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 Noncaseating granulomatous disease in common variable immunodeficiency.
69  Gamma-decanolactone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
iNOS (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
2016 Gamma-decanolactone inhibits iNOS and TNF-alpha production by lipopolysaccharide-activated microglia in N9 cells.
70  gastrointestinal dysfunction
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GAS (2 times)
MTL (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2009 [Gastrointestinal dysfunction in acute severe mountain sickness and its relation with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome].
71  gene diversity values
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
STR (3 times)
Y-STR (2 times)
2008 [Polymorphism analysis of 11 Y-STR loci in Manchu population and genetic relationships with 16 populations].
72  generalized dystonia
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
DBS (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
2001 Treatment of intractable generalized dystonia by bilateral posteroventral pallidotomy--one-year results.
73  generic drugs
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AED (1 time)
OD (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
2005 [Generic drugs in the treatment of epilepsy].
74  glycerol dehydratase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PFL (2 times)
3-HPA (1 time)
AdoCbl (1 time)
1976 [Effect of environmental factors on inactivation of B12-dependent glycerol dehydratase from Aerobacter aerogenes].
75  goal difference
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
LLL (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2018 Gap difference in navigated TKA: a measure of the imbalanced flexion-extension gap.
76  Golden Delicious
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RD (2 times)
FJ (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2009 In vitro measures used to predict anticancer activity of apple cultivars and their comparison to outcomes from a rat model of experimentally induced breast cancer.
77  Goodpasture's disease
(5 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
c-ANCA (1 time)
2010 Spinal subarachnoid hematomas and cerebral infarctions in Goodpasture's disease.
78  Gradia Direct
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2008 Repair potential of a laboratory-processed nano-hybrid resin composite.
79  gradient difference
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
NCC (3 times)
GC (2 times)
GPU (2 times)
2010 Evaluation of similarity measures for use in the intensity-based rigid 2D-3D registration for patient positioning in radiotherapy.
80  gramicidin D
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
D2S (1 time)
DODAC (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
2001 'Chemical condoms' for the prevention of HIV infection: evaluation of novel agents against SHIV(89.6PD) in vitro and in vivo.
81  Graves' hyperthyroidism
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
MMI (2 times)
ATDs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2002 Circulating soluble Fas ligand correlates with disease activity in Graves' hyperthyroidism.
82  Guanine derivatives
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
CB (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
2007 Guanine derivatives modulate extracellular matrix proteins organization and improve neuron-astrocyte co-culture.
83  Gynura divaricata
(5 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
FBG (2 times)
AST (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2015 Hypoglycemic activities of lyophilized powder of Gynura divaricata by improving antioxidant potential and insulin signaling in type 2 diabetic mice.
84  Gallbladder dyskinesia
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CCK-HBS (1 time)
1997 Gallbladder dyskinesia in children.
85  galvanic displacement
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ACD (1 time)
DE (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2011 Ultrasmooth gold thin films by self-limiting galvanic displacement on silicon.
86  game day
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CHO (1 time)
DB (1 time)
DL (1 time)
2017 Positional Differences in Running and Nonrunning Activities During Elite American Football Training.
87  gap depth
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CLSM (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
SS-OCT (2 times)
1998 Changes in temporal acuity with age and with hearing impairment in the mouse: a study of the acoustic startle reflex and its inhibition by brief decrements in noise level.
88  Gastric duplications
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GDC (1 time)
PKUPH (1 time)
2002 Unusual presentation of gastric duplication cyst in a neonate with pneumoperitoneum and vertebral anomalies.
89  gastroduodenostomy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HP (2 times)
PCV (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
1977 Gastroduodenostomy in dogs with and without parietal cell vagotomy. Effect upon gastric emptying and motility, Heidenhain pouch acid secretion and serum gastrin concentration.
90  gastrointestinal diseases
(4 times)
Twins
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1996 Clinical evaluation of the faecal elastase test in the diagnosis and staging of chronic pancreatitis.
91  Gaussian distribution
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
EKF (1 time)
2019 Wireless Fingerprinting Uncertainty Prediction Based on Machine Learning.
92  gender diverse
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AAP (1 time)
AN (1 time)
BED (1 time)
2019 Transgender and Gender Diverse Children and Adolescents: Fact-Checking of AAP Policy.
93  General Development
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
GM (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CCDI (1 time)
2005 The relationship of social function with motor and speech functions in children with autism.
94  genotypic diversity
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AFLP (2 times)
sap-feeders (1 time)
1999 Temporal trends in the population structure of Bordetella pertussis during 1949-1996 in a highly vaccinated population.
95  Geographical Detectors
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
InSAR (1 time)
2020 Land subsidence and its relation with groundwater aquifers in Beijing Plain of China.
96  gestational diabetic patients
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
Arc (1 time)
CO (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1986 High levels of growth hormone and human placental lactogen in pregnancy complicated by diabetes.
97  globular domain
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
COCS (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2016 Regulation of Cellular Dynamics and Chromosomal Binding Site Preference of Linker Histones H1.0 and H1.X.
98  glucose disturbances
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OGTT (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2006 Evolution of glucose intolerance and diabetes in transfused patients with thalassemia.
99  Gluma Desensitizer
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CHX (1 time)
GCBD (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2004 Effects of desensitizing agents on dentinal tubule occlusion.
100  goal-directed
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
fps (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2008 Disturbances in the spontaneous attribution of social meaning in schizophrenia.