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Abbreviation: GE
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Long forms: 460

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastric emptying
(477 times)
Gastroenterology
(167 times)
GI (46 times)
GLP-1 (28 times)
CCK (17 times)
1982 Gastrointestinal propulsion measurement with radiopaque capsules during 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 infusion.
gene-environment
(307 times)
Genetics
(53 times)
GWAS (21 times)
SNPs (18 times)
GG (14 times)
1982 Grouping genotypes by a cluster method directly related to genotype-environment interaction mean square.
gradient-echo
(298 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(130 times)
SE (143 times)
MRI (69 times)
MR (37 times)
1988 Canine acute myocardial infarction. In vivo detection by MRI with gradient echo technique and contribution of Gd-DOTA.
genetically engineered
(164 times)
Biotechnology
(29 times)
Bt (15 times)
ERA (6 times)
WT (5 times)
2002 Selling before telling: why the government needs to take a second look at genetically engineered foods.
gastroesophageal
(156 times)
Gastroenterology
(40 times)
GERD (11 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (6 times)
1976 Gastroesophageal (GE) scintiscanning to detect and quantitate GE reflux.
gross energy
(152 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(71 times)
DM (59 times)
CP (52 times)
ME (31 times)
1979 The effect of formaldehyde treatment before ensiling on the digestion of wilted grass silage by sheep.
gastroenteritis
(125 times)
Pediatrics
(29 times)
RV (30 times)
CI (7 times)
ED (5 times)
1983 Treatment of Salmonella gastroenteritis in infants. The significance of bacteremia.
genome equivalents
(105 times)
Microbiology
(25 times)
PCR (8 times)
qPCR (8 times)
cfDNA (6 times)
1977 Interaction of polyoma and mouse DNAs. IV. Time course and extent of integration of polyoma DNA into mouse DNA during lytic infection.
glandular epithelium
(91 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(57 times)
LE (57 times)
ST (12 times)
IFNtau (10 times)
1992 Transfected endometrial cultured cells: a system to study gene-regulation by estrogens.
10  gene expression
(85 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CN (9 times)
CNAs (6 times)
CNV (2 times)
1999 A bioinformatics approach to investigating developmental pathways in the kidney and other tissues.
11  gross efficiency
(80 times)
Sports Medicine
(49 times)
DE (10 times)
HR (5 times)
MAP (5 times)
1992 Cycling efficiency is related to the percentage of type I muscle fibers.
12  ganglionic eminence
(63 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
GABA (7 times)
SVZ (6 times)
MAM (4 times)
1996 Cholera toxin binds to differentiating neurons in the developing murine basal ganglia.
13  General Electric
(53 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
CT (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1996 The surface properties of silicone elastomers Exposed to seawater.
14  ginger extract
(46 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
MDA (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
NO (3 times)
1992 Anti-stress effect of ginseng on the inhibition of the development of morphine tolerance in stressed mice.
15  gel electrophoresis
(43 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
ICP-MS (7 times)
CE (6 times)
CD (4 times)
1995 A comparison of resolution of DNA fragments between agarose gel and capillary zone electrophoresis in agarose solutions.
16  genistein
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
HCC (6 times)
DMBA (4 times)
DZ (4 times)
1998 Analysis of phytoestrogens and polyphenols in plasma, tissue, and urine using HPLC with coulometric array detection.
17  Gastrodia elata
(37 times)
Complementary Therapies
(11 times)
ROS (5 times)
CREB (3 times)
EFME (3 times)
2000 The ameliorating effects of the cognitive-enhancing Chinese herbs on scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats.
18  gastroenterostomy
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(16 times)
IBD (5 times)
GP (4 times)
GS (3 times)
1975 Cancer of the gastric stump following operations for benign gastric or duodenal ulcers.
19  gelatin
(35 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(14 times)
GA (5 times)
CH (4 times)
SEM (4 times)
2004 Studies on biodegradation and release of gentamicin sulphate from interpenetrating network hydrogels based on poly(acrylic acid) and gelatin: in vitro and in vivo.
20  gold electrode
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
DPV (6 times)
CV (4 times)
ECL (3 times)
2011 A signal-on electrochemiluminescence aptamer biosensor for the detection of ultratrace thrombin based on junction-probe.
21  generalized epilepsy
(30 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
TLE (7 times)
LRE (6 times)
CI (4 times)
1981 Interictal personality and behavioral traits in temporal lobe and generalized epilepsy.
22  Geniposide
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
AA (12 times)
RA (5 times)
IL (4 times)
1996 Hypoglycemic activity and structure-activity relationship of iridoidal glycosides.
23  glucose-excited
(23 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
GI (17 times)
VMN (5 times)
AMPK (3 times)
2001 Convergence of pre- and postsynaptic influences on glucosensing neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.
24  garlic extract
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
GNT (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
3-AB (1 time)
1993 Demonstration of the anti-viral activity of garlic extract against human cytomegalovirus in vitro.
25  gingival epithelium
(22 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
JE (7 times)
GF (4 times)
SE (3 times)
1990 Interactions between cloned gingival or periodontal ligament cells and oral epithelial cells in vitro.
26  glycidyl esters
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
3-MCPDE (3 times)
PhAA (2 times)
2-MCPDE (1 time)
1984 Measuring exposures to glycol ethers.
27  gingival enlargement
(19 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
CCBs (3 times)
CCB (2 times)
GCF (2 times)
2000 Management of drug-induced gingival enlargement with orthodontic complications.
28  granulocyte elastase
(19 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
alpha 1-PI (3 times)
SBP (3 times)
BALF (2 times)
1986 Levels of free granulocyte elastase in bronchial secretions from patients with cystic fibrosis: effect of antimicrobial treatment against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
29  global efficiency
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
CC (4 times)
LE (4 times)
BC (3 times)
2011 Efficacy of topical 10% urea-based lotion in patients with ichthyosis vulgaris: a two-center, randomized, controlled, single-blind, right-vs.-left study in comparison with standard glycerol-based emollient cream.
30  genome editing
(17 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
CRISPR (7 times)
TALENs (3 times)
ZFNs (2 times)
2015 Genome editing-based HIV therapies.
31  glucose effectiveness
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
IR (4 times)
IS (3 times)
IVGTT (3 times)
1995 Insulinopenia and hyperglycemia influence the in vivo partitioning of GE and SI.
32  graphene
(16 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AC (2 times)
CNT (2 times)
GO (2 times)
2012 Surfactant-free ionic liquid-based nanofluids with remarkable thermal conductivity enhancement at very low loading of graphene.
33  glycyrrhetinic acid
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
11 beta-OHSD (4 times)
11beta-HSD (3 times)
MR (3 times)
1983 Affinity of liquorice derivatives for mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors.
34  gene-end
(12 times)
Virology
(9 times)
GS (9 times)
RSV (8 times)
ORF (3 times)
1996 The structurally diverse intergenic regions of respiratory syncytial virus do not modulate sequential transcription by a dicistronic minigenome.
35  Google Earth
(12 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
MAE (2 times)
2007 Graphical overview and navigation of electronic health records in a prototyping environment using Google Earth and openEHR archetypes.
36  green exercise
(12 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CFS (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
IE (2 times)
1986 [Status of cerebral hemodynamics during measured physical loading in healthy subjects and patients with cerebral atherosclerosis].
37  Glycine encephalopathy
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CSF (2 times)
GCS (2 times)
GLDC (2 times)
1988 Brain neurotransmitters in glycine encephalopathy.
38  general education
(10 times)
Education
(2 times)
ABU (1 time)
AIG (1 time)
APE (1 time)
2002 Progress of unit based quality improvement: an evaluation of a support strategy.
39  general exercise
(10 times)
Physical Medicine
(2 times)
SE (3 times)
CSE (2 times)
AH (1 time)
2012 Abdominal muscle feedforward activation in patients with chronic low back pain is largely unaffected by 8 weeks of core stability training.
40  germinal epithelium
(10 times)
Fertility
(3 times)
ALP (2 times)
ATR (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1981 Early sequential development in avian gonads. An ultrastructural study using selective glycogen labeling in the germ cells.
41  grafting efficiency
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GP (3 times)
AcAc (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1994 Use of the mitotic counts for the prognosis and grading of breast cancer. Method evaluation study.
42  graphite electrode
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SEM (3 times)
MB (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2003 Immunological assay for carbohydrate antigen 19-9 using an electrochemical immunosensor and antigen immobilization in titania sol-gel matrix.
43  gross mechanical efficiency
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
FEF (2 times)
VT (2 times)
2002 Inverse relationship between VO2max and economy/efficiency in world-class cyclists.
44  gas embolism
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DCS (2 times)
TOE (2 times)
ABF (1 time)
1995 [Diagnosis of heart arrest caused by CO2 embolism during laparoscopic surgery by monitoring of aortic blood flow and capnography].
45  grape extract
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
eNOS (2 times)
PI3K (2 times)
ADRs (1 time)
2009 Grape extract improves antioxidant status and physical performance in elite male athletes.
46  gastric emptying rate
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
PLA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
47  generalized enlargement
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
FI (8 times)
MY (8 times)
SS (8 times)
2010 Correlation between morphology of optic disc determined by Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II and visual function in eyes with open-angle glaucoma.
48  geraniol
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
MPTP (2 times)
2-AAF (1 time)
2013 Geraniol attenuates alpha-synuclein expression and neuromuscular impairment through increase dopamine content in MPTP intoxicated mice by dose dependent manner.
49  Germany
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FR (4 times)
IT (3 times)
NL (3 times)
2003 Economic evaluation of antibiotic prophylaxis in small-cell lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: an EORTC double-blind placebo-controlled phase III study (08923).
50  germination energy
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MGT (3 times)
APC (2 times)
DON (2 times)
2005 Evaluation of gaseous ozone and hydrogen peroxide treatments for reducing Fusarium survival in malting barley.
51  graduate entry
(8 times)
Education
(6 times)
HSE (2 times)
UG (2 times)
IMEs (1 time)
2010 Effects of age, gender and educational background on strength of motivation for medical school.
52  genipin
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SF (2 times)
CH (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2008 Genipin-modified silk-fibroin nanometric nets.
53  gizzard erosion
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FAdV (2 times)
IBH (2 times)
BW (1 time)
1981 Formation of gizzard erosion-inducing substance in heated casein-histidine mixture.
54  glycine acid extract
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CagA (4 times)
LPS (4 times)
ureA (3 times)
1997 Serological indicators of Helicobacter pylori infection in adult dyspeptic patients and healthy blood donors.
55  Golgi-endosomal
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ML (2 times)
PDE (2 times)
PM (2 times)
1987 Fate of injected 125I-labeled cholera toxin taken up by rat liver in vivo. Generation of the active A1 peptide in the endosomal compartment.
56  granulocytic ehrlichiosis
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HGE (3 times)
aoHGE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1998 Major antigenic proteins of the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis are encoded by members of a multigene family.
57  grazing exclusion
(7 times)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(2 times)
MBC (2 times)
SOM (2 times)
EOC (1 time)
2008 Storage and dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in soil after grazing exclusion in Leymus chinensis grasslands of northern China.
58  gas exchange
(6 times)
Botany
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2000 New graphical method for evaluating gas exchange in congestive heart failure.
59  glandular epithelial cells
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
LE (4 times)
CM (2 times)
ACPP (1 time)
1999 A comparison of the effects of verocytotoxin-1 on primary human renal cell cultures.
60  group education
(6 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
IE (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2008 Short-term effects of coping skills training in school-age children with type 1 diabetes.
61  geometric efficiency
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
2009 The effect of x-ray beam quality and geometry on radiation utilization efficiency in multidetector CT imaging.
62  gestational age
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
BAEP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1989 [Electroencephalographic maturation in preterm newborn infants].
63  ginseng
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BLE (1 time)
LE (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
2001 Ginsenoside potentiates NO-mediated neurogenic vasodilatation of monkey cerebral arteries.
64  glucuronoyl esterase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CE15 (1 time)
LC (1 time)
LCCs (1 time)
2010 Functional expression of a thermophilic glucuronyl esterase from Sporotrichum thermophile: identification of the nucleophilic serine.
65  glutamyl endopeptidase
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DH (1 time)
HIC (1 time)
IEX (1 time)
2005 Aggregation properties of whey protein hydrolysates generated with Bacillus licheniformis proteinase activities.
66  gluten enteropathy
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1992 [Gluten enteropathy].
67  grammatical evolution
(5 times)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2008 Improvement of remote monitoring on water quality in a subtropical reservoir by incorporating grammatical evolution with parallel genetic algorithms into satellite imagery.
68  group exercise
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2000 [Acupuncture massage vs Swedish massage and individual exercise vs group exercise in low back pain sufferers--a randomized controlled clinical trial in a 2 x 2 factorial design].
69  galvanic exchange
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
LSPR (1 time)
NP (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2016 In Situ Single-Nanoparticle Spectroscopy Study of Bimetallic Nanostructure Formation.
70  Garcinia cambogia extract
(4 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
FAS (2 times)
HSL (2 times)
PPARgamma (2 times)
2015 Anti-Obesity Effects of Soy Leaf via Regulation of Adipogenic Transcription Factors and Fat Oxidation in Diet-Induced Obese Mice and 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.
71  gastroesophageal junction
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GERD (2 times)
OS (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
2002 The Stretta procedure for the treatment of gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
72  gemcitabine+erlotinib
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the efficacy and the toxicity between gemcitabine with capecitabine (GC) and gemcitabine with erlotinib (GE) in unresectable pancreatic cancer.
73  General Electric Company
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ADC (2 times)
DWI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of X-Ray Beam Quality Based on Measurements and Estimations Using SpekCalc and Ipem78 Models.
74  generalized ensemble
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ALSD (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
McMD (1 time)
2009 Using generalized ensemble simulations and Markov state models to identify conformational states.
75  generator exchange
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ICD (2 times)
ICDs (1 time)
2014 Incidence of defibrillator shocks after elective generator exchange following uneventful first battery life.
76  genetically-encoded
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Bla (1 time)
cPTM (1 time)
HADCAz (1 time)
2016 Design and development of genetically encoded fluorescent sensors to monitor intracellular chemical and physical parameters.
77  GIANT EMBRYO
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
EER (1 time)
ge (1 time)
ges (1 time)
2012 A transposable element insertion within ZmGE2 gene is associated with increase in embryo to endosperm ratio in maize.
78  Gy equivalents
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CT (1 time)
CTV (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2008 Dose-volume comparison of proton therapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer.
79  3D-Gradient Echo
(3 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
MRA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
1991 [MR angiography of the abdominal aorta: initial experience].
80  gabapentin enacarbil
(3 times)
Mental Disorders
(2 times)
CLZ (1 time)
GBP (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2010 Gabapentin enacarbil: pharmacotherapy of restless legs syndrome.
81  gait efficiency
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
ESAR (1 time)
HR (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2012 The contribution of underwater kicking efficiency in determining "turning performance" in front crawl swimming.
82  gastric emphysema
(3 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
EG (2 times)
CT (1 time)
HPVG (1 time)
2014 Gastric emphysema secondary to laparoscopic gastric band erosion.
83  gastric erosions
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DU (3 times)
GU (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2000 Clinical relevance of Helicobacter pylori CagA-positive strains: gastroduodenal peptic lesions marker.
84  gastrointestinal endoscopy
(3 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
Ag (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
LDLT (1 time)
2018 Paradoxical Cerebral Embolism after Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in a Patient with Crohn's Disease.
85  GE Healthcare
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AIC (1 time)
AVAs (1 time)
2008 Synchrotron applications of an amorphous silicon flat-panel detector.
86  Gelsemium elegans
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
CYP450 (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2015 Inhibitory effects of cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4 by extracts and alkaloids of Gelsemium elegans roots.
87  gender-equity
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IPV (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
CHARM (1 time)
2016 Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluation of a Gender Equity and Family Planning Intervention for Married Men and Couples in Rural India.
88  general esterases
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AChE (2 times)
GST (2 times)
1-NA (1 time)
1993 Fall armyworm sensitivity to flavone: Limited role of constitutive and induced detoxifying enzyme activity.
89  generation effect
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1993 Failure to obtain a generation effect during naturalistic learning.
90  gentiopicroside
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CYP450 (1 time)
LA (1 time)
PLS-DA (1 time)
2004 Separation and determination of gentiopicroside and swertiamarin in Tibetan medicines by micellar electrokinetic electrophoresis.
91  germinoma
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DI (2 times)
CSRT (1 time)
imTE (1 time)
1998 Pineal tumors: experience with 48 cases over 10 years.
92  Gibbs energy
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HD (1 time)
2015 Micellization parameters (number average, aggregation number and critical micellar concentration) of bile salt 3 and 7 ethylidene derivatives: Role of the steroidal skeleton II.
93  Gibbs ensemble
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CBMC (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2012 Multicomponent adsorption of alcohols onto silicalite-1 from aqueous solution: isotherms, structural analysis, and assessment of ideal adsorbed solution theory.
94  ginger
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ODC (1 time)
RE (1 time)
1996 Inhibition of tumor promotion in SENCAR mouse skin by ethanol extract of Zingiber officinale rhizome.
95  globular embryos
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
SE (3 times)
NEC (2 times)
CE (1 time)
2015 An iTRAQ-based proteomics approach to clarify the molecular physiology of somatic embryo development in Prince Rupprecht's larch (Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr).
96  glossopharyngeal exsufflation
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GI (3 times)
BH (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 Studies on inspiratory and expiratory glossopharyngeal breathing in breath-hold divers employing magnetic resonance imaging and spirometry.
97  glutamate excitotoxicity
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
1993 The monosialoganglioside, GM1, reduces neurologic injury associated with hypothermic circulatory arrest.
98  glycerol
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FG (1 time)
HT (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1999 Effects of electrolyte and glycerol supplementation on recovery from endurance exercise.
99  glycine extract
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
chr. d (1 time)
PBML (1 time)
1998 Systemic humoral response to Helicobacter pylori in children and adults.
100  glycoengineered
(3 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
ADCC (1 time)
ADCP (1 time)
bNAb (1 time)
2006 The carbohydrate at FcgammaRIIIa Asn-162. An element required for high affinity binding to non-fucosylated IgG glycoforms.