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Abbreviation: GF
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Long forms: 310

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
germ-free
(503 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(101 times)
CV (137 times)
SPF (107 times)
CONV (31 times)
1969 The effects of heterologous anti-thymocyte sera in mice. 3. High susceptibility of germfree mice to the suppressive effects of IgG from rabbit anti-mouse thymocyte serum.
growth factor
(348 times)
Neoplasms
(54 times)
EGF (24 times)
ECM (22 times)
LI (21 times)
1970 A preliminary report on the thymidine labeling indices and kinetics of cell proliferation in selected Morris hepatomas.
gingival fibroblasts
(110 times)
Dentistry
(63 times)
PDL (13 times)
PDLF (11 times)
PDLC (6 times)
1989 Periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts respond differently to attachment factors in vitro.
griseofulvin
(108 times)
Pharmacology
(30 times)
MBs (10 times)
MB (6 times)
SDS (6 times)
1976 Experimental induction of hepatocellular hyalin (Mallory bodies) in mice by griseofulvin treatment. 1. Light microscopic observation.
gluten-free
(79 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(39 times)
CD (18 times)
GFD (8 times)
LAB (5 times)
1985 The effect of diet on systemic immune responses to wheat gliadin.
graft failure
(66 times)
Transplantation
(29 times)
GVHD (9 times)
HSCT (9 times)
OS (8 times)
1991 Mechanisms of graft failure after human marrow transplantation: a review.
glomerular filtrate
(62 times)
Metabolism
(12 times)
CKD (5 times)
CRF (3 times)
PTH (3 times)
0 [Acute kidney injury: acurrent comprehensive overview].
graphene foam
(51 times)
Biotechnology
(20 times)
PDMS (4 times)
CVD (3 times)
LIBs (3 times)
2008 Activated carbon cloth as anode for sulfate removal in a microbial fuel cell.
grip force
(45 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
LF (22 times)
CF (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1999 Grip force dynamics in the approach to a collision.
10  Granuloma faciale
(42 times)
Dermatology
(30 times)
EED (6 times)
EAF (4 times)
IgG4-RD (2 times)
1993 Immunophenotypic analysis suggests that granuloma faciale is a gamma-interferon-mediated process.
11  glass fiber
(34 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
CF (5 times)
PC (4 times)
PP (3 times)
1988 Morphological transformation of Syrian hamster embryo cells induced by mineral fibres and the alleged enhancement of benzo[a]pyrene.
12  gastric fistula
(33 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
HP (17 times)
GBF (7 times)
LSG (4 times)
1976 Comparison of amino acids bathing the oxyntic gland area in the stimulation of gastric secretion.
13  giant fiber
(31 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
GFS (4 times)
TTM (4 times)
DLMs (3 times)
1984 Mutations altering synaptic connectivity between identified neurons in Drosophila.
14  gauge factor
(23 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
PDMS (5 times)
CNT (2 times)
MWCNTs (2 times)
2007 Estimations of fiber Bragg grating parameters and strain gauge factor using optical spectrum and strain distribution information.
15  graphite felt
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
EF (3 times)
2,4-DCP (2 times)
CC (2 times)
2006 High power density from a miniature microbial fuel cell using Shewanella oneidensis DSP10.
16  gel filtration
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
HIC (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
IEC (2 times)
1976 Purification and properties of Klebsiella pneumoniae heat-stable enterotoxin.
17  granulocyte factor
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
MLR (3 times)
PMNLs (2 times)
CY (1 time)
1983 Participation of granulocytes in in vitro regulation of suppressor cell activity.
18  gene frequency
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
AF (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
HF (2 times)
1985 HLA polymorphisms in a Han Chinese population of Sichuan.
19  Green's function
(14 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
FMO (2 times)
CPSCF (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2005 Hilbert space inverse wave imaging in a planar multilayer environment.
20  Germfree
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CV (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
PT (2 times)
1981 Enterohepatic circulation of the mercapturic acid and cysteine conjugates of propachlor.
21  gingival fibromatosis
(10 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DA (2 times)
DGH (2 times)
NG (2 times)
1994 The ultrastructural examination of gingival fibromatosis.
22  GuttaFlow
(10 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AP (2 times)
ER (2 times)
GP (2 times)
2005 Homogeneity and adaptation of a new gutta-percha paste to root canal walls.
23  gastric fluid
(9 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
HC (2 times)
PPI (2 times)
1994 Mutagenic activity of gastric fluid from chewers of tobacco with lime.
24  growth failure
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
FFM (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
BCM (1 time)
1997 Growth hormone deficiency associated in the 18q deletion syndrome.
25  generating function
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CPMG (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2000 Dynamics of structural models with a long-range interaction: glassy versus nonglassy behavior
26  glial filaments
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NF (5 times)
GFAP (2 times)
MA (2 times)
1982 Simultaneous separation and purification of neurofilament and glial filament proteins from brain.
27  graduated frequency
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(8 times)
QF (6 times)
NDSHS (1 time)
WDD (1 time)
1994 Comparing usual quantity/frequency and graduated frequency scales to assess yearly alcohol consumption: results from the 1990 US National Alcohol Survey.
28  Grifola frondosa
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AMPA (1 time)
1994 [Inhibitory effects of fifteen kinds of Chinese herbal drugs, vegetables and chemicals on SOS response].
29  Gelfoam
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GFP (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1996 Traumatized rat striatum produces neurite-promoting and neurotrophic activities in vitro.
30  general fatigue
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MF (4 times)
PF (4 times)
RA (4 times)
2007 Multidimensional fatigue and its correlates in hospitalised advanced cancer patients.
31  glycolytic flux
(7 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
FFA (3 times)
GS (2 times)
Rd (2 times)
1986 Heterogeneity of insulin action in muscle: influence of blood flow.
32  Greenfield filter
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
IVC (4 times)
DM (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1983 Comparison of Greenfield filter and vena caval ligation for experimental septic thromboembolism.
33  gain:feed
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1994 The role of feed consumption and feed efficiency in copper-stimulated growth.
34  gambler's fallacy
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
DLPFC (1 time)
HHF (1 time)
IoC (1 time)
2012 Lateral prefrontal cortex contributes to maladaptive decisions.
35  gemfibrozil
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CF (2 times)
FF (2 times)
HDL (2 times)
1988 Synthesis and hypolipidemic activity of 2-substituted isobutyric acid derivatives.
36  genotype frequency
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
eNOS (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2007 Polymorphisms of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor gene: possible association with susceptibility to or clearance of hepatitis B virus infection in Chinese Han population.
37  geometric framework
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
LS (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2007 Caloric restriction and aging revisited: the need for a geometric analysis of the nutritional bases of aging.
38  glycerol formal
(6 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
DLM (2 times)
TK (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1981 Morphogenesis of aortic arch malformations in rat embryos after maternal treatment with glycerol formal during pregnancy.
39  Gardeniae fructus
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SR (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2005 Antihyperlipidemic effect of crocin isolated from the fructus of Gardenia jasminoides and its metabolite Crocetin.
40  gastric fundus
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EFS (2 times)
nNOS (2 times)
CCP (1 time)
1982 Ontogenic studies of gastrointestinal function. II. Lower esophageal sphincter maturation in neonatal beagle puppies.
41  genitofemoral
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
IH (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
IG (1 time)
1985 Neural relations of cremaster motoneurons, spinal cord systems and the genitofemoral nerve in the rat.
42  gingival fluid
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
COP (1 time)
EA (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
1992 The relationship of gingival fluid leukocyte elastase activity to gingival fluid flow rate.
43  Global Fund
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
BDH (1 time)
CSOs (1 time)
2011 Outcome assessment of a Global Fund grant for tuberculosis control at the district level in rural Cameroon.
44  goodness-of-fit
(5 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
Bull (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1987 The firstborn's adjustment to the birth of a sibling: a longitudinal assessment.
45  gas flow
(4 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2015 Effects on membrane lung gas exchange of an intermittent high gas flow recruitment maneuver: preliminary data in veno-venous ECMO patients.
46  Gaussian fluctuation
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
HNC (2 times)
KH (2 times)
RISM (2 times)
2005 Comparative study on solvation free energy expressions in reference interaction site model integral equation theory.
47  Genkwa Flos
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
LFDR (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2013 Metabonomic study of genkwa flos-induced hepatotoxicity and effect of herb-processing procedure on toxicity.
48  glass-forming
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
NPs (2 times)
AG (1 time)
2013 String-like cooperative motion in homogeneous melting.
49  glucose and fructose
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CHO (2 times)
dm (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2008 Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates.
50  glucose-fructose
(4 times)
Food
(1 time)
BWP (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
2015 Glucose-fructose likely improves gastrointestinal comfort and endurance running performance relative to glucose-only.
51  glycosylated ferritin
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AOSD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2001 Diagnostic value of ferritin and glycosylated ferritin in adult onset Still's disease.
52  Graphene fiber
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
CV (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2016 Graphene-based fibers for supercapacitor applications.
53  growing-finishing
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FCR (2 times)
APP (1 time)
BREGENSEG (1 time)
1981 Ammonium polyphosphate as a source of phosphorus and nonprotein nitrogen for monogastrics.
54  grunt fin
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
RSIV (2 times)
CHSE (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2004 A systemic iridoviral disease in mullet, Mugil cephalus L., and tiger grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Forsskal: a first report and study.
55  fasting glucose
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
IF (2 times)
OGTT (2 times)
QUICKI (2 times)
2005 Insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance in obese children and adolescents referred to a tertiary-care center in Israel.
56  gain factor
(3 times)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
HR-CTV (1 time)
IC/IS (1 time)
ICBT (1 time)
1982 [Oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) and therapeutic gain factor (GF) for low-dose irradiation with californium-252].
57  gastric fiberscopy
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2002 HTLV-I carrier status disclosed at diagnosis of cytomegalovirus gastric ulcer.
58  gastric fundoplication
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
GERD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
ARE (1 time)
1994 Fundoplication in 160 children under 2 years of age.
59  Gaussian filter
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CAD (1 time)
F-FDG (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
2012 Appropriate parameters of the ordered-subset expectation maximization algorithm on measurement of myocardial blood flow and oxygen consumption with 11C-acetate PET.
60  gaze field
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1996 Gaze field properties of eye position neurones in areas MST and 7a of the macaque monkey.
61  gelatin foam
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ABS (1 time)
AL (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
1996 [Prevention of peridural fibrosis and adhesion after laminectomy: an experimental study in rats].
62  Gene Finder
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
dsDNA (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
HCR (1 time)
2013 A label-free and signal-on supersandwich fluorescent platform for Hg2+ sensing.
63  General Functioning
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FAD (3 times)
OCHS (1 time)
1988 Ontario Child Health Study: reliability and validity of the general functioning subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device.
64  germ-free mice
(3 times)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
CC (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2016 Adult microbiota-deficient mice have distinct dendritic morphological changes: differential effects in the amygdala and hippocampus.
65  germ-free rats
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BCWC (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CON (1 time)
1987 Endometrial carcinoma in BD II/Han rats: model of a spontaneous hormone-dependent tumor.
66  ginkgo flavonids
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
GT (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2004 [Effect of Ginkgo biloba L leaves on oxidation of human low density lipoproteins in vitro].
67  glandular fever
(3 times)
HIV Infections
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
RITA (1 time)
2011 The pathway from glandular fever to chronic fatigue syndrome: can the cognitive behavioural model provide the map?
68  glenoid fossa
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ACF (1 time)
BAMP (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2011 A histochemical study on condylar cartilage and glenoid fossa during mandibular advancement.
69  glial fibrillary acidic protein
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CXCL (1 time)
1991 Malignant properties of P635 glioma are independent of glial fibrillary acidic protein expression.
70  Global Functioning: Social
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CHR (1 time)
GAF (1 time)
UHR (1 time)
2012 Prospective study of cannabis use in adolescents at clinical high risk for psychosis: impact on conversion to psychosis and functional outcome.
71  glucose fluctuations
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAD (2 times)
CAG (1 time)
CGMS (1 time)
2016 Glucose Fluctuations Aggravate Cardiac Susceptibility to Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Modulating MicroRNAs Expression.
72  glycofurol
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
DZP (1 time)
2006 Enhanced permeation of diazepam through artificial membranes from supersaturated solutions.
73  goal function
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
IF (2 times)
BI (1 time)
H1N1-TIV (1 time)
2004 Influence of EEG measurement montage on source localization error bounds due to head modeling errors caused by brain lesions.
74  Golgi fraction
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CDT (1 time)
GT (1 time)
MudPIT (1 time)
1988 Studies on the submicrosomal fractions of bovine oligodendroglia: lipid composition and glycolipid biosynthesis.
75  granuloma fraction
(3 times)
Bacteriology
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
PGL-I (1 time)
1986 Studies of cell death (apoptosis) and cell division in leprosy granulomas.
76  GreenFeed
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MS (2 times)
RC (2 times)
CH (1 time)
2016 Short communication: Comparison of the GreenFeed system with the sulfur hexafluoride tracer technique for measuring enteric methane emissions from dairy cows.
77  group function
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IP (2 times)
CG (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2007 Three-dimensional stress analysis of tooth/lmplant-retained long-span fixed dentures.
78  grower-finisher
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
BPEF (1 time)
BS (1 time)
1987 Effect of feeding Sarsaponin in cattle and swine diets.
79  growing feather
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GBN (1 time)
ID (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
2016 The growing feather as a dermal test site: Comparison of leukocyte profiles during the response to Mycobacterium butyricum in growing feathers, wattles, and wing webs.
80  guinea fowl
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DF (1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
1996 Effects of anticoagulants and storage (4 degrees C) on packed cell volume (PCV) of Nigerian domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus) and guinea fowl (Numida meleagris).
81  ex-germfree
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CHF (1 time)
CV (1 time)
HFA (1 time)
1999 Production of ex-germfree rabbits for establishment of specific pathogen-free (SPF) colonies.
82  Gabek Forest
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
RVF (2 times)
AMT (1 time)
BAG (1 time)
1986 Comparative pathogenicity and antigenic cross-reactivity of Rift Valley fever and other African phleboviruses in sheep.
83  gain-framed
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
LF (2 times)
SRE (1 time)
2013 Persuading students to exercise: what is the best way to frame messages for normal-weight versus overweight/obese university students?
84  gain:feed ratio
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BWG (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
dLys (1 time)
1997 Cottonseed meal or feather meal supplementation of ammoniated tropical grass hay for yearling cattle.
85  galloflavin
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
LDHA (1 time)
2012 Galloflavin, a new lactate dehydrogenase inhibitor, induces the death of human breast cancer cells with different glycolytic attitude by affecting distinct signaling pathways.
86  Gaofen
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BRDF (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2015 Tracking radiometric responsivity of optical sensors without on-board calibration systems-case of the Chinese HJ-1A/1B CCD sensors.
87  gas fraction
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
NAPL (1 time)
REMP (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2003 A micromodel analysis of factors influencing NAPL removal by surfactant foam flooding.
88  gastric filling
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
GIC (1 time)
1988 [Esophageal motility dysfunction and radioisotopes. Its modification with a calcium channel blocker].
89  gastric foveolar
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IPMNs (2 times)
PB (2 times)
IN (1 time)
2007 Pancreatic juice cytology and subclassification of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas.
90  gaze following
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
IAT (1 time)
pSTS (1 time)
2013 A look into the ballot box: gaze following conveys information about implicit attitudes toward politicians.
91  GDNF family
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
GPI (1 time)
1998 GFRalpha3 is an orphan member of the GDNF/neurturin/persephin receptor family.
92  Gelofusine
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
Lys (2 times)
BOM (1 time)
Ex (1 time)
2007 Indication for different mechanisms of kidney uptake of radiolabeled peptides.
93  gene flow
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2008 Disentangling interactions between adaptive divergence and gene flow when ecology drives diversification.
94  general flowering
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LST (1 time)
LT (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
2013 Geographical pattern and environmental correlates of regional-scale general flowering in Peninsular Malaysia.
95  generic forms
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 [Generics: essentially similar, bioequivalent but not identical].
96  geometric framework for nutrition
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
DEB (1 time)
2010 Modelling the ecological niche from functional traits.
97  geometric frustration
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
IF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2016 Effect of geometrical frustration on inverse freezing.
98  GF-109203X
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
GS-I (1 time)
phen (1 time)
2002 Glucose transport rate and glycogen synthase activity both limit skeletal muscle glycogen accumulation.
99  giant fiber neuron
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
JONs (1 time)
2016 Shaking B Mediates Synaptic Coupling between Auditory Sensory Neurons and the Giant Fiber of Drosophila melanogaster.
100  glia filament preparation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MF (2 times)
SC (1 time)
1996 Promotion of microfilament polymerization by depolymerized glia filament preparation through interaction of vimentin with actin.