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Abbreviation: GG
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Long forms: 264

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
genioglossus
(179 times)
Physiology
(71 times)
EMG (61 times)
OSA (27 times)
DIA (16 times)
1980 Control of genioglossus muscle inspiratory activity.
guar gum
(148 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(34 times)
XG (18 times)
SEM (8 times)
CMC (7 times)
1986 Intestinal interaction of bile acids, phospholipids, dietary fibers, and cholestyramine.
gellan gum
(68 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(18 times)
ALP (4 times)
CaP (4 times)
HA (4 times)
1999 Curdlan and gellan gum, bacterial gel-forming polysaccharides, exhibit different effects on lipid metabolism, cecal fermentation and fecal bile acid excretion in rats.
gangliogliomas
(55 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
DNT (12 times)
PA (7 times)
FCD (6 times)
1997 Temporal lobe lesion demonstrating features of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor and ganglioglioma: a transitional form?
grade group
(49 times)
Urology
(24 times)
PCa (21 times)
RP (17 times)
AS (8 times)
2016 Radical Prostatectomy Findings in White Hispanic/Latino Men With NCCN Very Low-risk Prostate Cancer Detected by Template Biopsy.
glucosylglycerol
(33 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
GGPS (6 times)
GpgS (5 times)
GPG (4 times)
1996 Active transport of glucosylglycerol is involved in salt adaptation of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803.
geniculate ganglion
(26 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CT (6 times)
GSP (4 times)
GL (2 times)
1984 Examination of geniculate ganglion cells contributing sensory fibers to the rat facial 'motor' nerve.
gene-gene
(25 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
GE (14 times)
SNPs (7 times)
GWAS (5 times)
2011 Extended Bayesian model averaging in generalized linear mixed models applied to schizophrenia family data.
gamma globulin
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
FPT (2 times)
Ig (2 times)
ITP (2 times)
1980 [Does i.v. gamma globulin counteract postoperative bacterial infections? (authors's transl)].
10  Grueneberg ganglion
(19 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
cGMP (4 times)
APs (3 times)
OMP (2 times)
2005 The Grueneberg ganglion of the mouse projects axons to glomeruli in the olfactory bulb.
11  genioglossus muscle
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
OSA (4 times)
IIM (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
1987 Effects of stretch receptors of bronchi or trachea on genioglossus muscle activity.
12  Gleason grade
(17 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
GS (6 times)
PCa (5 times)
RP (4 times)
2003 The prognostic significance of Gleason Grade in patients treated with permanent prostate brachytherapy.
13  Gates-Glidden
(16 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CBCT (3 times)
WL (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1998 Residual dentin thickness in mandibular premolars prepared with hand and rotatory instruments.
14  glycylglycine
(16 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
GGG (2 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1949 Peptidase activities of extracts of salivary glands of Drosophila melanogaster.
15  geranylgeranyl
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
BChl (3 times)
BPhe (3 times)
DHGG (3 times)
1983 Compositional heterogeneity of protochlorophyllide ester in etiolated leaves of higher plants.
16  gene gun
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
IM (9 times)
ID (4 times)
CTL (2 times)
1999 Recombinant vaccinia viruses and gene gun vectors expressing the large subunit of Schistosoma mansoni calpain used in a murine immunization-challenge model.
17  guanine-guanine
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
GT (4 times)
T-T (4 times)
GA (3 times)
1989 Use of host cell reactivation of cisplatin-treated adenovirus 5 in human cell lines to detect repair of drug-treated DNA.
18  gamma-gamma
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
FSO (6 times)
LN (5 times)
BER (4 times)
2007 Flexible empirical Bayes models for differential gene expression.
19  Gasserian ganglion
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PRF (4 times)
TN (4 times)
CRF (3 times)
1985 Analysis of reactivation of latent pseudorabies virus infection in tonsils and Gasserian ganglia of pigs.
20  genogroup
(11 times)
Virology
(4 times)
NoVs (3 times)
RdRp (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
2000 Norwalk-like virus sequences detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in mineral waters imported into or bottled in Switzerland.
21  Glycyrrhiza glabra
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
GI (3 times)
LicA (3 times)
GU (2 times)
2002 Plant antimutagens and their mixtures in inhibition of genotoxic effects of xenobiotics and aging processes.
22  Gastrografin
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
SBO (6 times)
ASBO (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Impact of gastrografin in clinical practice in the management of adhesive small bowel obstruction.
23  generalized gamma
(8 times)
Statistics as Topic
(4 times)
AFT (2 times)
PH (2 times)
aGVHD (1 time)
2007 Parametric survival analysis and taxonomy of hazard functions for the generalized gamma distribution.
24  genetic group
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AN (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2006 Productivity of different cow genetic groups in dual-purpose cattle production systems in south-eastern Mexico.
25  alpha-D-glucosylglycerol
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
betaGlc1P (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2000 Identification of alpha-D-glucosylglycerol in sake.
26  ganglioside
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MS (2 times)
CPG (1 time)
EPG (1 time)
1989 Bioactive ganglioside-mediated carbohydrate recognition in coupling with ecto-protein phosphorylation.
27  glycation gap
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AGEs (1 time)
FA (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2006 Evidence for independent heritability of the glycation gap (glycosylation gap) fraction of HbA1c in nondiabetic twins.
28  Golden Gate
(7 times)
Science
(3 times)
RNAi (2 times)
dGFP (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2008 Successful amplification of degraded DNA for use with high-throughput SNP genotyping platforms.
29  gait group
(6 times)
Exercise
(2 times)
NMES (3 times)
CG (2 times)
NGG (2 times)
2005 Energy expenditure during rest and treadmill gait training in quadriplegic subjects.
30  generalized Gaussian
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
PDF (4 times)
SAR (3 times)
CFAR (1 time)
2006 SAR amplitude probability density function estimation based on a generalized Gaussian model.
31  ground-glass
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
HRCT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
HC (2 times)
2006 Ground-glass, polyglucosan-like hepatocellular inclusions: A "new" diagnostic entity.
32  gamagrass
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
SG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
1992 Diet characteristics, digesta kinetics, and dry matter intake of steers grazing eastern gamagrass.
33  Genomic grade
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HG (3 times)
DMFS (1 time)
DRFI (1 time)
2011 Histopathological and genomic grading provide complementary prognostic information in breast cancer: a study on publicly available datasets.
34  Germ-Cell Cancer Group
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
GCT (1 time)
GCTs (1 time)
2001 [Clinical pattern and therapeutic results obtained in Germ-Cell testicular cancer in Spain based on a consecutive series of 1250 patients].
35  Glycosaminoglycans
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
C6SPG (2 times)
C4SPG (1 time)
DSPG (1 time)
1975 Glycosaminoglycans from Ateroid and bovine duodenal mucosa and pancreas.
36  Google Glass
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2016 A comparison of Google Glass and traditional video vantage points for bedside procedural skill assessment.
37  graphite granules
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
GAC (3 times)
EIS (2 times)
4-CP (1 time)
2014 Biochar as a sustainable electrode material for electricity production in microbial fuel cells.
38  green gram
(4 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(2 times)
BR (1 time)
EDI (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2014 Fluoride and arsenic exposure through water and grain crops in Nagarparkar, Pakistan.
39  Galangin
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Galangin (GG) combined with cisplatin (DDP) to suppress human lung cancer by inhibition of STAT3-regulated NF-kappaB and Bcl-2/Bax signaling pathways.
40  Gath-Geva
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GK (2 times)
EM (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
2002 Modified Gath-Geva fuzzy clustering for identification of Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy models.
41  gemfibrozil 1-O-acyl glucuronide
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CMC (1 time)
DDIs (1 time)
GEM (1 time)
2003 Self-micellization of gemfibrozil 1-O-beta acyl glucuronide in aqueous solution.
42  genistein glucuronide
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AG (2 times)
DA (1 time)
DG (1 time)
2015 Deconjugation of soy isoflavone glucuronides needed for estrogenic activity.
43  genital grooming
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
SPE (2 times)
CG (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2000 Alcohol before puberty produces an advance in the onset of sexual behavior in male rats.
44  genotype-by-genotype
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2012 Transcriptomic insights into mechanisms of symbiotic cooperation.
45  geranylgeranylation
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2000 Both farnesylated and geranylgeranylated RhoB inhibit malignant transformation and suppress human tumor growth in nude mice.
46  GG genotype
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
OR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
2014 A single nucleotide polymorphism in the stromal cell-derived factor 1 gene is associated with coronary heart disease in Chinese patients.
47  gingivitis
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GCF (3 times)
A1AT (2 times)
A2MG (2 times)
1999 Increased interleukin-1beta concentration in gingival crevicular fluid as a characteristic of periodontitis.
48  glucagon
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
alum (1 time)
GI (1 time)
IVGTT (1 time)
1983 Studies on the antigenicity of glucagon.
49  Gow-Gates
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IANB (2 times)
VA (2 times)
2015 Comparison of success rate and onset time of two different anesthesia techniques.
50  ground-glass opacity
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
BP (1 time)
C. pneumoniae (1 time)
1997 Automatic detection of ground glass opacities on lung HRCT using multiple neural networks.
51  guar galactomannan
(3 times)
Polysaccharides
(2 times)
LBG (2 times)
GDGG (1 time)
2008 Nonspecific activity of Bacillus acidopullulyticus pullulanase on debranching of guar galactomannan.
52  guinea grass
(3 times)
Animal Husbandry
(2 times)
CAP (1 time)
CAW (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2013 Chemical composition and in vitro gas production of silage from guinea grass, cassava peel and cashew apple waste at different periods of ensilage.
53  (IHM)-gellan gum
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
--- 2014 Trigonella foenum-graecum L. seed mucilage-gellan mucoadhesive beads for controlled release of metformin HCl.
54  garlic group
(2 times)
Dietary Supplements
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
AOPPs (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2012 The effect of garlic tablet on pro-inflammatory cytokines in postmenopausal osteoporotic women: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
55  gastric glands
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1984 Gastric surface cell function: potential difference and mucosal barrier.
56  gastrogastric
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
RYGB (1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
2018 Diagnosis of gastrogastric fistula on computed tomography: a quantitative approach.
57  gastrogastrotomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GB (1 time)
GP (1 time)
RYGBP (1 time)
1992 Revisional Surgery for Failed Gastric Restrictive Procedures for Morbid Obesity.
58  gene promoter -11377C/G
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
NAFHC (1 time)
NAFL (1 time)
2016 Association of polymorphisms of adiponectin gene promoter-11377C/G, glutathione peroxidase-1 gene C594T, and cigarette smoking in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
59  general group
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LG (1 time)
TCG (1 time)
2015 The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on Obstacle Crossing Strategy in Older Adults.
60  genipin-1-beta-d-gentiobioside
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
BP-ANN (1 time)
DAAME (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2015 Acousto-optic tunable filter near-infrared spectroscopy for in-line monitoring liquid-liquid extraction of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis based on statistical analysis.
61  genito-genital
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
IMIs (1 time)
ISIs (1 time)
2006 Perineal swelling, intermenstrual cycle, and female sexual behavior in bonobos (Pan paniscus).
62  Giant Grey
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NZW (2 times)
MSTN (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2014 A new single nucleotide polymorphism in the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) myostatin (MSTN) gene is associated with carcass composition traits.
63  gigantea
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
csdp (1 time)
DG (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2015 Proteomic analysis of muscle between hybrid abalone and parental lines Haliotis gigantea Reeve and Haliotis discus hannai Ino.
64  ginger group
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
hs-CRP (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2016 Effect of ginger powder supplementation on nitric oxide and C-reactive proteininelderly knee osteoarthritis patients: A 12-week double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.
65  gingivitis group
(2 times)
Genital Diseases, Female
(1 time)
HG (2 times)
LBW (2 times)
PG (2 times)
2005 Correlation between infant birth weight and mother's periodontal status.
66  glomerular grading
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
IgA (2 times)
TIG (2 times)
HA (1 time)
2000 Outcome of IgA nephropathy in adults graded by chronic histological lesions.
67  Gly/Gly
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2003 Effects of common polymorphisms in the alpha1A-, alpha2B-, beta1- and beta2-adrenoreceptors on haemodynamic responses to adrenaline.
68  glycemic gap
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
aSAH (2 times)
SIH (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2017 Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia After Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Its Role in Predicting Cerebrospinal Fluid Diversion.
69  glycine-glycine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
GDG (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2007 Separation of amino acids, peptides and corresponding Amadori compounds on a silica column at elevated temperature.
70  glycogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TL (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2008 Normolipidemic effect of antioxidants in low cholesterol-modified poultry eggPsi on Zn-induced dyslipidemia and liver pathology in Wistar rats.
71  glycosylation gap
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FA (2 times)
CKD (1 time)
MBG (1 time)
2003 Discordance between HbA1c and fructosamine: evidence for a glycosylation gap and its relation to diabetic nephropathy.
72  Godbert-Greenwald
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LEL (1 time)
MEC (1 time)
MIT (1 time)
2012 Ignition temperature of magnesium powder clouds: a theoretical model.
73  golden grass
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
VCEAC (1 time)
2012 Adsorption and desorption of copper(II) ions onto garden grass.
74  Gorilla Glass
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
EPR (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2018 A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EPR AND TL SIGNALS IN GORILLA GLASS.
75  Grade Groups
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
GS (2 times)
HG (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2017 Gleason grade grouping of prostate cancer is of prognostic value in Asian men.
76  GraftGrab™
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
ST (1 time)
SW (1 time)
2007 Biomechanical characteristics of an implant used to secure semitendinosus-gracilis tendon grafts in a canine model of extra-articular anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
77  grafting
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BOP (1 time)
Gs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2015 Randomized controlled multicenter study comparing short dental implants (6 mm) versus longer dental implants (11-15 mm) in combination with sinus floor elevation procedures. Part 2: clinical and radiographic outcomes at 1 year of loading.
78  granular graphite
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CFC (2 times)
GAC (2 times)
GS (2 times)
2011 Electricity generation and microbial community changes in microbial fuel cells packed with different anodic materials.
79  Granuloma gravidarum
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Oral granuloma gravidarum: a retrospective study of 41 cases in Southern Brazil.
80  granulomatous gastritis
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
IGG (1 time)
2010 Age-related differences in granulomatous gastritis: a retrospective, clinicopathological analysis.
81  green garlic
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NG (2 times)
MDA (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2014 Soil chemical property changes in eggplant/garlic relay intercropping systems under continuous cropping.
82  Greengenes
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RDP (2 times)
2012 Impact of training sets on classification of high-throughput bacterial 16s rRNA gene surveys.
83  grewia gum
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HPMC (1 time)
2011 Effect of grewia gum as a suspending agent on ibuprofen pediatric formulation.
84  griddle grease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CYG (1 time)
YG (1 time)
1999 Influence of free fatty acid content on the feeding value of yellow grease in finishing diets for feedlot cattle.
85  guanosine-guanosine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
RNaseL (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2001 Thermodynamics of RNA internal loops with a guanosine-guanosine pair adjacent to another noncanonical pair.
86  guided surgery group
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
OPG (1 time)
RANKL (1 time)
2013 Guided implant surgery: what is the influence of this new technique on bone cell viability?
87  gum guar
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
CBG (2 times)
NA-A (2 times)
1979 Effect of indigestible polysaccharides on protein digestibility and nitrogen retention in growing rats.
88  gynogenetic
(2 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
AG (2 times)
PG (2 times)
ES (1 time)
2008 Androgenetic embryonic stem cells form neural progenitor cells in vivo and in vitro.
89  1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2000 Hepatic disposition of the acyl glucuronide 1-O-gemfibrozil-beta-D-glucuronide: effects of clofibric acid, acetaminophen, and acetaminophen glucuronide.
90  2-O-(alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)-zeta-glyceric acid
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Glucosylglycerate is an osmotic solute and an extracellular metabolite produced by Streptomyces caelestis.
91  4-O-alpha-L-guluronosyl-L-guluronic acid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
deltaU (1 time)
GM (1 time)
MG (1 time)
1977 Fine structure of SMG alginate fragment in the light of its degradation by alginate lyases of Pseudomonas sp.
92  6-gingerol
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ZO (1 time)
2017 Zingiber officinale and 6-gingerol alleviate liver and kidney dysfunctions and oxidative stress induced by mercuric chloride in male rats: A protective approach.
93  alginate-ghatti gum
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
FLU (1 time)
MMT (1 time)
2017 Core-shell alginate-ghatti gum modified montmorillonite composite matrices for stomach-specific flurbiprofen delivery.
94  D-gluconate and L-glutamate
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2017 A novel synthetic medium and expression system for subzero growth and recombinant protein production in Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125.
95  EUS-guided gastrogastrostomy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
e-ERCP (1 time)
EUS-GG-ERCP (1 time)
2018 An international, multicenter, comparative trial of EUS-guided gastrogastrostomy-assisted ERCP versus enteroscopy-assisted ERCP in patients with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass anatomy.
96  G allele and homozygote
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2013 HuGE systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrate association of CASP-3 and CASP-7 genetic polymorphisms with cancer risk.
97  G(CG), -11377C/G
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
NAFHC (1 time)
NAFL (1 time)
2016 Association of polymorphisms of adiponectin gene promoter-11377C/G, glutathione peroxidase-1 gene C594T, and cigarette smoking in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
98  G-negative
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2010 The -174 G/C polymorphism in interleukin-6 (IL-6) promoter region is associated with serum IL-6 and carcinoembryonic antigen levels in patients with colorectal cancers in Taiwan.
99  Gadoxane G
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ESI-MS (1 time)
GB (1 time)
HRMS (1 time)
2010 Macrocyclic Gd3+ chelates attached to a silsesquioxane core as potential magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents: synthesis, physicochemical characterization, and stability studies.
100  Gage
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DPn (1 time)
GG-F (1 time)
2008 Characterization of plum procyanidins by thiolytic depolymerization.