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Abbreviation: GI
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Long forms: 503

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastrointestinal
(14896 times)
Gastroenterology
(2404 times)
NSAIDs (469 times)
GU (427 times)
IBS (407 times)
0 Gastric antral vascular ectasia and solitary rectal ulcer syndrome - two rare diagnoses as the cause of anemia in asingle patient: case report.
gingival index
(1269 times)
Dentistry
(902 times)
PI (726 times)
PD (456 times)
CAL (370 times)
1977 Influence of "time of day", pocket depth and scaling on gingival fluid flow.
glycemic index
(1142 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(607 times)
GL (383 times)
iAUC (48 times)
CI (47 times)
1985 Plasma glucose responses to glucose, sucrose, and honey in patients with diabetes mellitus: an analysis of glycaemic and peak incremental indices.
gastrointestinal tract
(302 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
IBD (11 times)
GIST (8 times)
CD (7 times)
1979 Asbestos fibers: 1. A modified preparation of tissue samples for analysis by electron microscopy. 2. Presence of fibers in tissues of baboon fed chrysotile asbestos.
germination index
(141 times)
Environmental Health
(94 times)
EC (14 times)
OM (9 times)
RSG (8 times)
2001 Co-composting of chestnut burr and leaf litter with solid poultry manure.
genogroup I
(125 times)
Microbiology
(38 times)
GII (44 times)
NoV (36 times)
NoVs (17 times)
2002 [Phylogenetic analysis of 14 strains of Norwalk-like viruses: identification of the region in the genome for genotyping].
GIGANTEA
(125 times)
Botany
(56 times)
CO (37 times)
FT (27 times)
CCA1 (12 times)
1996 GENETIC CONSTRAINTS ON LIFE-HISTORY EVOLUTION: QUANTITATIVE-TRAIT LOCI INFLUENCING GROWTH AND FLOWERING IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA.
group I
(113 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
GII (102 times)
GIII (29 times)
GIV (7 times)
1984 Gastric stapling for morbid obesity: gastrointestinal response in a rat model.
low-glycemic index
(99 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(54 times)
GL (8 times)
iAUC (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of a low-glycemic-index diet.
10  glass ionomer
(95 times)
Dentistry
(80 times)
RMGI (17 times)
ZP (12 times)
CR (8 times)
1991 Glass-ionomer cements in orthopaedic surgery: design of laboratory tests.
11  gradient index
(75 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
CI (55 times)
VMAT (26 times)
HI (25 times)
2006 Beam cleanup in a self-aligned gradient-index Brillouin cavity for high-power multimode fiber amplifiers.
12  green infrastructure
(55 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
LID (6 times)
ES (3 times)
SWMM (3 times)
2008 Field validation of a conservation network on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, USA, using breeding birds as bio-indicators.
13  genomic island
(53 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
HGT (3 times)
dnd (2 times)
ICEs (2 times)
2007 Analysis of a genomic island housing genes for DNA S-modification system in Streptomyces lividans 66 and its counterparts in other distantly related bacteria.
14  growth inhibition
(51 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MI (3 times)
AV (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1976 The comparison and characterisation of glycolytic mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of sheep.
15  gait initiation
(50 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
COP (23 times)
COM (11 times)
APAs (8 times)
2000 Control strategies for initiation of human gait are influenced by accuracy constraints.
16  growth index
(50 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
FCM (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
1982 [Comparison of light-scattering index 50% (LSI50) and inhibitory concentration 50% (CI50) (author's transl)].
17  glucose intolerance
(47 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
OGTT (9 times)
IR (8 times)
DM (7 times)
1975 Association between a low adipose tissue content of polyunsaturated fatty acids and both glucose intolerance and hypertriglyceridemia in apparently healthy men.
18  gingival
(42 times)
Dentistry
(36 times)
PI (12 times)
PD (10 times)
CAL (9 times)
1989 Effects of flossing on plaque and gingivitis in third grade schoolchildren.
19  gyrification index
(41 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
MRI (4 times)
A-GI (3 times)
EDs (2 times)
0 Sex, Age, Symptoms and Illness Duration and Their Relation with Gyrification Index in Schizophrenia.
20  ghost imaging
(40 times)
Ophthalmology
(32 times)
SNR (6 times)
DGI (3 times)
GISC (2 times)
2010 Differential ghost imaging.
21  genomic instability
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
BE (4 times)
IR (4 times)
NTE (4 times)
2002 [Detection of genomic instability in offspring of male mice chronically exposed to gamma-radiation by the "adaptive response" test].
22  genotype I
(38 times)
Virology
(13 times)
JEV (27 times)
GIII (19 times)
JE (11 times)
2005 Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis A virus in Thailand.
23  guided imagery
(37 times)
Nursing
(13 times)
PMR (10 times)
CNCP (2 times)
FR (2 times)
1985 The effect of music, therapy, and relaxation on adrenal corticosteroids and the re-entrainment of circadian rhythms.
24  glucose-inhibited
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
GE (19 times)
VMH (8 times)
VMN (7 times)
2001 Convergence of pre- and postsynaptic influences on glucosensing neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.
25  global ischemia
(30 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
SHR (4 times)
ICS (3 times)
IPC (3 times)
1981 Response of cyt a,a3 in the situ canine heart to transient ischemic episodes.
26  glucose isomerase
(28 times)
Biotechnology
(11 times)
HFCS (10 times)
FMS (2 times)
BCAAs (1 time)
1984 Safety Evaluation of Glucose Isomerase Derived from Flavobacterium arborescens and Used in Production of High Fructose Corn Syrup.
27  gingival inflammation
(27 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
BOP (8 times)
PI (8 times)
PD (7 times)
1987 The role of adjunctive Rodogyl therapy in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. A longitudinal clinical and microbiologic study.
28  graded-index
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
SI (6 times)
MMF (3 times)
PMMA (2 times)
1995 Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier.
29  gender identity
(21 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
SO (8 times)
DSD (4 times)
EHR (4 times)
2006 [Psychosexual aspects of intersex syndromes].
30  genetic interaction
(21 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
GO (3 times)
BPM (1 time)
COEX (1 time)
2009 Explorations in topology-delving underneath the surface of genetic interaction maps.
31  gonad index
(19 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AI (5 times)
MCI (5 times)
MI (4 times)
1990 Seasonal patterns of ornithine decarboxylase activity and levels of polyamines in relation to the cytology of germinal cells during spermatogenesis in the sea star, Asterias vulgaris.
32  Gastrin is a gastrointestinal
(17 times)
Science
(2 times)
GVHD (3 times)
BMT (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
1980 The source of gallium-67 in gastrointestinal contents: concise communication.
33  gamma irradiation
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
EO (2 times)
FFT (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
2003 Formation of organic compounds from simulated Titan atmosphere: perspectives of the Cassini mission.
34  gingivitis index
(16 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
PI (5 times)
GCF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1989 Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease in an Irish population.
35  gingivitis
(13 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
CN (3 times)
GCF (3 times)
BI (2 times)
1982 Effect of a new anti-plaque agent (CK-0569A) on developing plaque and gingivitis in man.
36  glass ionomer cement
(13 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CR (3 times)
ZP (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1991 Column-like structures of human dentin in carious and artificial lesions.
37  gastroenterologists
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
CRS (2 times)
PCP (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
1987 The identifier concept: clinical parameters to stratify hospital costs within gastroenterology DRGs.
38  global inhomogeneity
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EIT (11 times)
PEEP (6 times)
ARDS (3 times)
2010 PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity: a feasibility study using electrical impedance tomography.
39  glossopharyngeal insufflation
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
GE (3 times)
VC (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
2005 Studies on inspiratory and expiratory glossopharyngeal breathing in breath-hold divers employing magnetic resonance imaging and spirometry.
40  glucagon immunoreactivity
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GLI (6 times)
IRI (2 times)
CCP (1 time)
1978 Effect of secretin on plasma insulin and glucagon in man.
41  grade I
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GIII (4 times)
GII (3 times)
SHARP (2 times)
1995 Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of adenomatous hyperplasia and hepatocellular carcinoma: cellularity, thickness of cell cord, and Ki-67 proliferative activity.
42  Gallstone ileus
(10 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
BIB (1 time)
2013 Gallstone ileus: One-stage surgery in an elderly patient: One-stage surgery in gallstone ileus.
43  gamma index
(10 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
IMRT (5 times)
QA (5 times)
TPS (4 times)
2012 Pretreatment patient-specific IMRT quality assurance: a correlation study between gamma index and patient clinical dose volume histogram.
44  gastric insufflation
(10 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
MV (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
TNP (2 times)
1982 Enhancement of murine immune responses to orally administered haptenated Streptococcus mutans.
45  glyoxalase I
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GII (7 times)
MG (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
1993 Effect of radiation on glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II activities in spleen and liver of mice.
46  granuloma inguinale
(10 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(3 times)
HIV (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Granuloma inguinale: three cases diagnosed in Toronto, Canada.
47  gastroenterologist
(9 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IBD (4 times)
CRC (2 times)
CKD (1 time)
2009 Patient- and system-related barriers for the earlier diagnosis of colorectal cancer.
48  glucose infusion
(9 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(3 times)
BG (2 times)
NAP (2 times)
31P NMR (1 time)
1985 Muscle fatigue in McArdle's disease studied by 31P-NMR: effect of glucose infusion.
49  glycemic
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
BCT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
InIn (2 times)
1992 Rice: a high or low glycemic index food?
50  Great Island
(9 times)
Virology
(6 times)
WEX (4 times)
KEM (2 times)
ts (2 times)
1983 Serologic evidence of arbovirus infections in humans and wild animals in Alaska.
51  gastric and intestinal mixed
(8 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
APC (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2001 Gastric and intestinal phenotypic marker expression in gastric carcinomas and its prognostic significance: immunohistochemical analysis of 136 lesions.
52  Gini index
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HCs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2010 Identification of a quantitative MINT locus methylation profile predicting local regional recurrence of rectal cancer.
53  glucose-insulin
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AIVR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1976 Influence of "Polarizing" infusions on anthiarrhythmic effects of beta-blockers.
54  gall index
(7 times)
Rf (3 times)
CV (1 time)
DAI (1 time)
2002 Resistance and host-response of selected plants to Meloidogyne megadora.
55  Geographical indication
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
NILs (1 time)
2003 [The system of appellation of origin and geographic indication of orthodox drugs and their protection in China].
56  gingival bleeding index
(7 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (5 times)
PD (5 times)
PI (3 times)
2010 Clinical and microbiologic follow-up evaluations after non-surgical periodontal treatment with erbium:YAG laser and scaling and root planing.
57  glucose and insulin
(7 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CCRs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
1976 Changes in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone in the induced paralytic attack of thyrotroxic periodic paralysis.
58  grain interior
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GB (5 times)
CVD (1 time)
GB's (1 time)
2003 Anomalous grain boundary physics in polycrystalline CuInSe2: the existence of a hole barrier.
59  group intervention
(7 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2002 [Effectiveness of a group therapy intervention to quit smoking. Randomized clinical trial].
60  gastrointestinal bleeding
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2000 Embolization for gastrointestinal hemorrhages.
61  genetic immunization
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
h-proacrosin (1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
2002 Genetic immunization: what's in a name?
62  gestosis index
(6 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
AT (2 times)
ATIII (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1982 [Effect of combined use of dextran sulfate and urokinase in cases of preeclampsia-behavior of blood coagulation-fibrinolysis and inhibitor systems].
63  gingival inflammation index
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PI (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of peri-implant tissue response according to the presence of keratinized mucosa.
64  glenoid inclination
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
CSA (5 times)
AI (4 times)
ASES (2 times)
2017 Effects of glenoid inclination and acromion index on humeral head translation and glenoid articular cartilage strain.
65  glial inclusions
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FTLD (3 times)
DN (2 times)
EN (2 times)
2009 Laminar distribution of the pathological changes in frontal and temporal cortex in 8 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy.
66  glottal insufficiency
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
VHI-10 (2 times)
DPSP (1 time)
FBFA (1 time)
2003 Results of magnetic resonance imaging assessment, acoustic analysis, phonatory function and perceptual rating of glottic insufficiency before and after fat augmentation: correlated with subjective rating.
67  glottic incompetence
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
GFI (6 times)
VRQoL (5 times)
GRBAS (3 times)
2011 Type I gore-tex laryngoplasty for glottic incompetence in mobile vocal folds.
68  green index
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DGF (2 times)
RTS (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1981 Rat C-6 glioma cells maintained in an organ culture system: a study of kinetic parameters.
69  ghost ileostomy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2011 Ghost ileostomy after anterior resection for rectal cancer: a preliminary experience.
70  gingival bleeding
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CRF (1 time)
DMFTI (1 time)
GMFCS (1 time)
2007 Oral health and the masticatory system in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus.
71  Glaucoma Index
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOP (4 times)
AIT (3 times)
AGI (1 time)
2016 Impact of a Glaucoma Severity Index on Results of Trabectome Surgery: Larger Pressure Reduction in More Severe Glaucoma.
72  global improvement
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CGI (4 times)
SI (3 times)
ABC (2 times)
2008 An exploratory outcome comparison between an Ericksonian approach to therapy and brief dynamic therapy.
73  glomerulosclerosis index
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
INS (2 times)
AOEs (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
1996 Involvement of angiotensin II in glomerulosclerosis of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
74  glycerol injection
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MVD (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1993 [Long-term follow up of trigeminal neuralgic patients treated by retrogasserian rhizotomy or by microvascular decompression].
75  granulomatous inflammation
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
EIB (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1995 Cutaneous pathology in Wegener's granulomatosis. A clinicopathologic study of 75 biopsies in 46 patients.
76  grating interferometry
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 Integrated microinterferometric sensor for in-plane displacement measurement.
77  Guzik's index
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
HRA (5 times)
PI (5 times)
SI (3 times)
2014 Investigating foetal heart rate asymmetry.
78  galactosylation index
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
mAb (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2007 Glycosylation of an immunoglobulin produced from a murine hybridoma cell line: the effect of culture mode and the anti-apoptotic gene, bcl-2.
79  gastrointestinal complaints
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 [Significance of milk antibodies in cow's milk protein intolerance].
80  gate insulator
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
a-IGZO (1 time)
a-IWO NS-JLTs (1 time)
2016 A Low Temperature, Solution-Processed Poly(4-vinylphenol), YO(x) Nanoparticle Composite/Polysilazane Bi-Layer Gate Insulator for ZnO Thin Film Transistor.
81  generation interval
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
DB (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2009 Potential for a global dynamic of Influenza A (H1N1).
82  generator impedance
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LI (4 times)
RFC (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2018 First clinical use of novel ablation catheter incorporating local impedance data.
83  genomic index
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
aCGH (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AFIP (1 time)
2014 Metastatic potential is determined early in synovial sarcoma development and reflected by tumor molecular features.
84  giant interneuron
(4 times)
Biology
(4 times)
dGIs (1 time)
DUM (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
1981 Dynamic analysis of cockroach giant interneuron activity evoked by forced displacement of cercal thread-hair sensilla.
85  gingival index scores
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BS (1 time)
1992 Determination of lymphocyte populations and subpopulations extracted from chronically inflamed human periodontal tissues.
86  global inhomogeneity index
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
EIT (3 times)
CVI (1 time)
EELI (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of an electrical impedance tomography-based Global Inhomogeneity Index for pulmonary ventilation distribution.
87  gonadosomatic index
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OS (1 time)
RGN (1 time)
SCF (1 time)
1987 Testicular tumors in carp-funa hybrid: annual cycle and effect on a wild population.
88  gonion
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MCI (3 times)
AI (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1999 Radiomorphometric indices of the mandible in a British female population.
89  gradient
(4 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
PTV (3 times)
VMAT (3 times)
2018 Linac-based VMAT radiosurgery for multiple brain lesions: comparison between a conventional multi-isocenter approach and a new dedicated mono-isocenter technique.
90  grating induction
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SBC (3 times)
DOG (2 times)
IA (1 time)
1997 Similar mechanisms underlie simultaneous brightness contrast and grating induction.
91  GTP-insensitive
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GS (4 times)
CT (2 times)
Gur (2 times)
1989 Coupling of D1 dopamine receptors to the guanine nucleotide binding protein Gs is deficient in Huntington's disease.
92  i.e., gastroenterology
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
EMR (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
KPSC (1 time)
2009 Teaching and tomorrow: a novel recruitment program for a pediatric subspecialty.
93  G. inflata
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
GG (3 times)
LicA (3 times)
GU (2 times)
2015 Differential Effects of Glycyrrhiza Species on Genotoxic Estrogen Metabolism: Licochalcone A Downregulates P450 1B1, whereas Isoliquiritigenin Stimulates It.
94  galactose index
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GMP (2 times)
CG (1 time)
classical patients (1 time)
2013 Nutrition as a link between obesity and cardiovascular disease: how can we stop the obesity epidemic?
95  gastro-intestinal events
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
MI (3 times)
RA (3 times)
2002 Rofecoxib for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
96  gastroenteritis
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
C. jejuni (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2006 Additional value of typing Noroviruses in gastroenteritis outbreaks in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
97  gastroenteritis is a rare gastrointestinal
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
IgE (1 time)
2002 Eosinophilic gastroenteritis.
98  Gastrointestinal system infection
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ECDC (2 times)
BSI (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of gastrointestinal system infections acquired in Provincial Hospital in 2004-2013.
99  gender incongruence
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
EMB (1 time)
ENIGI (1 time)
2012 A European network for the investigation of gender incongruence: the ENIGI initiative.
100  general inhibitor
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
GSI (2 times)
SFB (2 times)
AST (1 time)
2016 Recognition of a wide-range of S-RNases by S locus F-box like 2, a general-inhibitor candidate in the Prunus-specific S-RNase-based self-incompatibility system.