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Abbreviation: GI
Appearance Frequency: 18512 time(s)
Long forms: 476

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastrointestinal
(13697 times)
Gastroenterology
(2245 times)
NSAIDs (457 times)
GU (394 times)
IBS (372 times)
0 Gastric antral vascular ectasia and solitary rectal ulcer syndrome - two rare diagnoses as the cause of anemia in asingle patient: case report.
gingival index
(1182 times)
Dentistry
(856 times)
PI (667 times)
PD (431 times)
CAL (343 times)
1977 Influence of "time of day", pocket depth and scaling on gingival fluid flow.
glycemic index
(1067 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(583 times)
GL (355 times)
iAUC (46 times)
CI (44 times)
1985 Plasma glucose responses to glucose, sucrose, and honey in patients with diabetes mellitus: an analysis of glycaemic and peak incremental indices.
gastrointestinal tract
(186 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
IBD (10 times)
GIST (8 times)
CD (6 times)
1979 Asbestos fibers: 1. A modified preparation of tissue samples for analysis by electron microscopy. 2. Presence of fibers in tissues of baboon fed chrysotile asbestos.
germination index
(127 times)
Environmental Health
(86 times)
EC (13 times)
OM (9 times)
RSG (8 times)
2001 Co-composting of chestnut burr and leaf litter with solid poultry manure.
genogroup I
(118 times)
Microbiology
(38 times)
GII (42 times)
NoV (35 times)
NoVs (17 times)
2002 [Phylogenetic analysis of 14 strains of Norwalk-like viruses: identification of the region in the genome for genotyping].
GIGANTEA
(115 times)
Botany
(51 times)
CO (36 times)
FT (25 times)
CCA1 (12 times)
1996 GENETIC CONSTRAINTS ON LIFE-HISTORY EVOLUTION: QUANTITATIVE-TRAIT LOCI INFLUENCING GROWTH AND FLOWERING IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA.
group I
(108 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
GII (98 times)
GIII (27 times)
GIV (6 times)
1984 Gastric stapling for morbid obesity: gastrointestinal response in a rat model.
low-glycemic index
(90 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(51 times)
GL (8 times)
iAUC (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of a low-glycemic-index diet.
10  glass ionomer
(86 times)
Dentistry
(74 times)
RMGI (15 times)
ZP (11 times)
CR (7 times)
1991 Glass-ionomer cements in orthopaedic surgery: design of laboratory tests.
11  gastrointestinal illness
(80 times)
Public Health
(12 times)
QMRA (4 times)
CE (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1989 Pharmacodynamics and proposed mechanism of therapeutic action and host toxicity of 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoroadenine monophosphate (F-araAMP) in P388 murine leukemia-bearing mice.
12  gradient index
(63 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
CI (45 times)
HI (23 times)
VMAT (22 times)
2006 Beam cleanup in a self-aligned gradient-index Brillouin cavity for high-power multimode fiber amplifiers.
13  genomic island
(50 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
HGT (3 times)
dnd (2 times)
ICEs (2 times)
2007 Analysis of a genomic island housing genes for DNA S-modification system in Streptomyces lividans 66 and its counterparts in other distantly related bacteria.
14  growth index
(49 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
FCM (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
1982 [Comparison of light-scattering index 50% (LSI50) and inhibitory concentration 50% (CI50) (author's transl)].
15  gait initiation
(47 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
COP (21 times)
COM (10 times)
APAs (8 times)
2000 Control strategies for initiation of human gait are influenced by accuracy constraints.
16  glucose intolerance
(44 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
OGTT (9 times)
IR (8 times)
DM (7 times)
1975 Association between a low adipose tissue content of polyunsaturated fatty acids and both glucose intolerance and hypertriglyceridemia in apparently healthy men.
17  growth inhibition
(44 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
MI (3 times)
AV (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1976 The comparison and characterisation of glycolytic mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of sheep.
18  gingival
(41 times)
Dentistry
(35 times)
PI (12 times)
PD (9 times)
CAL (8 times)
1989 Effects of flossing on plaque and gingivitis in third grade schoolchildren.
19  green infrastructure
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
LID (4 times)
ES (3 times)
BMP (2 times)
2008 Field validation of a conservation network on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, USA, using breeding birds as bio-indicators.
20  gyrification index
(37 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
MRI (4 times)
A-GI (3 times)
EDs (2 times)
0 Sex, Age, Symptoms and Illness Duration and Their Relation with Gyrification Index in Schizophrenia.
21  genomic instability
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
BE (4 times)
NTE (4 times)
IR (3 times)
2002 [Detection of genomic instability in offspring of male mice chronically exposed to gamma-radiation by the "adaptive response" test].
22  ghost imaging
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
SNR (6 times)
DGI (3 times)
GISC (2 times)
2010 Differential ghost imaging.
23  guided imagery
(36 times)
Nursing
(12 times)
PMR (9 times)
CNCP (2 times)
FR (2 times)
1985 The effect of music, therapy, and relaxation on adrenal corticosteroids and the re-entrainment of circadian rhythms.
24  genotype I
(34 times)
Virology
(10 times)
JEV (23 times)
GIII (17 times)
JE (10 times)
2005 Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis A virus in Thailand.
25  glucose-inhibited
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
GE (18 times)
VMH (8 times)
AMPK (5 times)
2001 Convergence of pre- and postsynaptic influences on glucosensing neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.
26  global ischemia
(30 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
SHR (4 times)
ICS (3 times)
IPC (3 times)
1981 Response of cyt a,a3 in the situ canine heart to transient ischemic episodes.
27  gingival inflammation
(25 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
PI (8 times)
BOP (7 times)
PD (7 times)
1987 The role of adjunctive Rodogyl therapy in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. A longitudinal clinical and microbiologic study.
28  glucose isomerase
(25 times)
Biotechnology
(11 times)
HFCS (8 times)
FMS (2 times)
BCAAs (1 time)
1984 Safety Evaluation of Glucose Isomerase Derived from Flavobacterium arborescens and Used in Production of High Fructose Corn Syrup.
29  graded-index
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
SI (6 times)
MMF (3 times)
PMMA (2 times)
1995 Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier.
30  genetic interaction
(20 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
GO (3 times)
BPM (1 time)
COEX (1 time)
2009 Explorations in topology-delving underneath the surface of genetic interaction maps.
31  gastroenterologist
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
IBD (4 times)
PCP (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
1987 The identifier concept: clinical parameters to stratify hospital costs within gastroenterology DRGs.
32  gender identity
(18 times)
Urology
(3 times)
SO (7 times)
DSD (4 times)
CAH (3 times)
2006 [Psychosexual aspects of intersex syndromes].
33  Gastrin is a gastrointestinal
(17 times)
Science
(2 times)
GVHD (3 times)
BMT (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
1980 The source of gallium-67 in gastrointestinal contents: concise communication.
34  gonad index
(16 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AI (4 times)
MCI (4 times)
MI (4 times)
1990 Seasonal patterns of ornithine decarboxylase activity and levels of polyamines in relation to the cytology of germinal cells during spermatogenesis in the sea star, Asterias vulgaris.
35  gamma irradiation
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
EO (2 times)
FFT (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
2003 Formation of organic compounds from simulated Titan atmosphere: perspectives of the Cassini mission.
36  gingivitis index
(15 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
PI (5 times)
GCF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1989 Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease in an Irish population.
37  gingivitis
(13 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
CN (3 times)
GCF (3 times)
BI (2 times)
1982 Effect of a new anti-plaque agent (CK-0569A) on developing plaque and gingivitis in man.
38  glass ionomer cement
(13 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CR (3 times)
ZP (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1991 Column-like structures of human dentin in carious and artificial lesions.
39  glossopharyngeal insufflation
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
GE (3 times)
VC (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
2005 Studies on inspiratory and expiratory glossopharyngeal breathing in breath-hold divers employing magnetic resonance imaging and spirometry.
40  global inhomogeneity
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EIT (10 times)
PEEP (5 times)
ARDS (3 times)
2010 PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity: a feasibility study using electrical impedance tomography.
41  glucagon immunoreactivity
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GLI (6 times)
IRI (2 times)
CCP (1 time)
1978 Effect of secretin on plasma insulin and glucagon in man.
42  Gallstone ileus
(10 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(4 times)
ex lap (2 times)
BIB (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Gallstone ileus: One-stage surgery in an elderly patient: One-stage surgery in gallstone ileus.
43  gamma index
(10 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
IMRT (5 times)
QA (5 times)
TPS (4 times)
2012 Pretreatment patient-specific IMRT quality assurance: a correlation study between gamma index and patient clinical dose volume histogram.
44  gastric insufflation
(10 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
MV (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
TNP (2 times)
1982 Enhancement of murine immune responses to orally administered haptenated Streptococcus mutans.
45  glyoxalase I
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GII (7 times)
MG (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
1993 Effect of radiation on glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II activities in spleen and liver of mice.
46  granuloma inguinale
(10 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(3 times)
HIV (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Granuloma inguinale: three cases diagnosed in Toronto, Canada.
47  glycemic
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
BCT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
InIn (2 times)
1992 Rice: a high or low glycemic index food?
48  grade I
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GIII (3 times)
GII (2 times)
SHARP (2 times)
1995 Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of adenomatous hyperplasia and hepatocellular carcinoma: cellularity, thickness of cell cord, and Ki-67 proliferative activity.
49  Great Island
(9 times)
Virology
(6 times)
WEX (4 times)
KEM (2 times)
ts (2 times)
1983 Serologic evidence of arbovirus infections in humans and wild animals in Alaska.
50  gastric and intestinal mixed
(8 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
APC (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2001 Gastric and intestinal phenotypic marker expression in gastric carcinomas and its prognostic significance: immunohistochemical analysis of 136 lesions.
51  glucose infusion
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BG (2 times)
NAP (2 times)
31P NMR (1 time)
1985 Muscle fatigue in McArdle's disease studied by 31P-NMR: effect of glucose infusion.
52  gall index
(7 times)
Rf (3 times)
CV (1 time)
DAI (1 time)
2002 Resistance and host-response of selected plants to Meloidogyne megadora.
53  Geographical indication
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
NILs (1 time)
2003 [The system of appellation of origin and geographic indication of orthodox drugs and their protection in China].
54  gingival bleeding index
(7 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (5 times)
PD (5 times)
PI (3 times)
2010 Clinical and microbiologic follow-up evaluations after non-surgical periodontal treatment with erbium:YAG laser and scaling and root planing.
55  Gini index
(7 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2010 Identification of a quantitative MINT locus methylation profile predicting local regional recurrence of rectal cancer.
56  glucose and insulin
(7 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CCRs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
1976 Changes in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone in the induced paralytic attack of thyrotroxic periodic paralysis.
57  glucose-insulin
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AIVR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1976 Influence of "Polarizing" infusions on anthiarrhythmic effects of beta-blockers.
58  gastrointestinal bleeding
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2000 Embolization for gastrointestinal hemorrhages.
59  genetic immunization
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
h-proacrosin (1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
2002 Genetic immunization: what's in a name?
60  gestosis index
(6 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
AT (2 times)
ATIII (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1982 [Effect of combined use of dextran sulfate and urokinase in cases of preeclampsia-behavior of blood coagulation-fibrinolysis and inhibitor systems].
61  gingival inflammation index
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PI (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of peri-implant tissue response according to the presence of keratinized mucosa.
62  glial inclusions
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FTLD (3 times)
DN (2 times)
EN (2 times)
2009 Laminar distribution of the pathological changes in frontal and temporal cortex in 8 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy.
63  glottic incompetence
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
GFI (6 times)
VRQoL (5 times)
GRBAS (3 times)
2011 Type I gore-tex laryngoplasty for glottic incompetence in mobile vocal folds.
64  glottic insufficiency
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
VHI-10 (2 times)
DPSP (1 time)
FBFA (1 time)
2003 Results of magnetic resonance imaging assessment, acoustic analysis, phonatory function and perceptual rating of glottic insufficiency before and after fat augmentation: correlated with subjective rating.
65  graft index
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DGF (2 times)
RTS (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1981 Rat C-6 glioma cells maintained in an organ culture system: a study of kinetic parameters.
66  grain interior
(6 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
GB (4 times)
CVD (1 time)
GB's (1 time)
2003 Anomalous grain boundary physics in polycrystalline CuInSe2: the existence of a hole barrier.
67  group intervention
(6 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
DKN-A (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2002 [Effectiveness of a group therapy intervention to quit smoking. Randomized clinical trial].
68  ghost ileostomy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2011 Ghost ileostomy after anterior resection for rectal cancer: a preliminary experience.
69  Glaucoma Index
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOP (4 times)
AIT (3 times)
AGI (1 time)
2016 Impact of a Glaucoma Severity Index on Results of Trabectome Surgery: Larger Pressure Reduction in More Severe Glaucoma.
70  global improvement
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CGI (4 times)
SI (3 times)
ABC (2 times)
2008 An exploratory outcome comparison between an Ericksonian approach to therapy and brief dynamic therapy.
71  glycerol injection
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MVD (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1993 [Long-term follow up of trigeminal neuralgic patients treated by retrogasserian rhizotomy or by microvascular decompression].
72  grating interferometry
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 Integrated microinterferometric sensor for in-plane displacement measurement.
73  Guzik's index
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
HRA (5 times)
PI (5 times)
SI (3 times)
2014 Investigating foetal heart rate asymmetry.
74  galactosylation index
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
mAb (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2007 Glycosylation of an immunoglobulin produced from a murine hybridoma cell line: the effect of culture mode and the anti-apoptotic gene, bcl-2.
75  gastrointestinal complaints
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 [Significance of milk antibodies in cow's milk protein intolerance].
76  genomic index
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
aCGH (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AFIP (1 time)
2014 Metastatic potential is determined early in synovial sarcoma development and reflected by tumor molecular features.
77  giant interneuron
(4 times)
Biology
(4 times)
dGIs (1 time)
DUM (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
1981 Dynamic analysis of cockroach giant interneuron activity evoked by forced displacement of cercal thread-hair sensilla.
78  gingival index scores
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BS (1 time)
1992 Determination of lymphocyte populations and subpopulations extracted from chronically inflamed human periodontal tissues.
79  glenoid inclination
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AI (4 times)
CSA (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
2017 Effects of glenoid inclination and acromion index on humeral head translation and glenoid articular cartilage strain.
80  glomerulosclerosis index
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AOEs (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1996 Involvement of angiotensin II in glomerulosclerosis of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
81  gonion
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MCI (3 times)
AI (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1999 Radiomorphometric indices of the mandible in a British female population.
82  granulomatous inflammation
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EIB (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
IGM (1 time)
1995 Cutaneous pathology in Wegener's granulomatosis. A clinicopathologic study of 75 biopsies in 46 patients.
83  grating induction
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SBC (3 times)
DOG (2 times)
IA (1 time)
1997 Similar mechanisms underlie simultaneous brightness contrast and grating induction.
84  GTP-insensitive
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GS (4 times)
CT (2 times)
Gur (2 times)
1989 Coupling of D1 dopamine receptors to the guanine nucleotide binding protein Gs is deficient in Huntington's disease.
85  i.e., gastroenterology
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
EMR (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
KPSC (1 time)
2009 Teaching and tomorrow: a novel recruitment program for a pediatric subspecialty.
86  G. inflata
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
GG (3 times)
LicA (3 times)
GU (2 times)
2015 Differential Effects of Glycyrrhiza Species on Genotoxic Estrogen Metabolism: Licochalcone A Downregulates P450 1B1, whereas Isoliquiritigenin Stimulates It.
87  gastro-intestinal events
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
MI (3 times)
RA (3 times)
2002 Rofecoxib for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
88  gastroenteritis
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
C. jejuni (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2006 Additional value of typing Noroviruses in gastroenteritis outbreaks in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
89  gastroenteritis is a rare gastrointestinal
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
IgE (1 time)
2002 Eosinophilic gastroenteritis.
90  gastrointestinal intolerance
(3 times)
Emergencies
(1 time)
CSIS (1 time)
DFG (1 time)
EFG (1 time)
2010 The safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a liquid formulation of deferiprone in young children with transfusional iron overload.
91  Gastrointestinal system infection
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ECDC (2 times)
BSI (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of gastrointestinal system infections acquired in Provincial Hospital in 2004-2013.
92  gate insulator
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
a-IGZO (1 time)
a-IWO NS-JLTs (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2016 A Low Temperature, Solution-Processed Poly(4-vinylphenol), YO(x) Nanoparticle Composite/Polysilazane Bi-Layer Gate Insulator for ZnO Thin Film Transistor.
93  gender incongruence
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
EMB (1 time)
ENIGI (1 time)
2012 A European network for the investigation of gender incongruence: the ENIGI initiative.
94  general inhibitor
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
GSI (2 times)
SFB (2 times)
AST (1 time)
2016 Recognition of a wide-range of S-RNases by S locus F-box like 2, a general-inhibitor candidate in the Prunus-specific S-RNase-based self-incompatibility system.
95  General Intelligence
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EI (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2008 White matter tract integrity and intelligence in patients with mental retardation and healthy adults.
96  generation interval
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
DB (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DPR (1 time)
2009 Potential for a global dynamic of Influenza A (H1N1).
97  generator impedance
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LI (3 times)
RFC (2 times)
VT (1 time)
2018 First clinical use of novel ablation catheter incorporating local impedance data.
98  GenInfo Identifier
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
DBM (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2014 Study of a novel three-dimensional scaffold to repair bone defect in rabbit.
99  genomic imprinting
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
UPD (1 time)
1995 [Uniparental disomy: a review of causes and clinical sequelae].
100  gingival condition
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
MI (1 time)
MISR (1 time)
1990 [Diabetes mellitus and periodontium. 1. Prevalence of periodontal disease in young insulin-dependent diabetics].