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Abbreviation: GI
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Long forms: 542

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastrointestinal
(17419 times)
Gastroenterology
(2670 times)
GU (513 times)
NSAIDs (486 times)
IBS (475 times)
1973 A simple method for the isolation of viable epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
gingival index
(1475 times)
Dentistry
(1001 times)
PI (860 times)
PD (535 times)
CAL (439 times)
1977 Influence of "time of day", pocket depth and scaling on gingival fluid flow.
glycemic index
(1265 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(647 times)
GL (425 times)
CI (54 times)
iAUC (51 times)
1985 Plasma glucose responses to glucose, sucrose, and honey in patients with diabetes mellitus: an analysis of glycaemic and peak incremental indices.
gastrointestinal tract
(362 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
IBD (12 times)
CT (9 times)
GIST (9 times)
1979 Asbestos fibers: 1. A modified preparation of tissue samples for analysis by electron microscopy. 2. Presence of fibers in tissues of baboon fed chrysotile asbestos.
germination index
(184 times)
Environmental Health
(113 times)
EC (16 times)
MGT (11 times)
GP (10 times)
2001 Co-composting of chestnut burr and leaf litter with solid poultry manure.
genogroup I
(136 times)
Microbiology
(42 times)
GII (47 times)
NoV (38 times)
NoVs (17 times)
2002 [Phylogenetic analysis of 14 strains of Norwalk-like viruses: identification of the region in the genome for genotyping].
GIGANTEA
(136 times)
Botany
(59 times)
CO (37 times)
FT (27 times)
ZTL (13 times)
1996 GENETIC CONSTRAINTS ON LIFE-HISTORY EVOLUTION: QUANTITATIVE-TRAIT LOCI INFLUENCING GROWTH AND FLOWERING IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA.
group I
(119 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
GII (106 times)
GIII (32 times)
GIV (9 times)
1984 Gastric stapling for morbid obesity: gastrointestinal response in a rat model.
gradient index
(106 times)
Biophysics
(33 times)
CI (68 times)
HI (38 times)
VMAT (36 times)
2006 Beam cleanup in a self-aligned gradient-index Brillouin cavity for high-power multimode fiber amplifiers.
10  low-glycemic index
(104 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(55 times)
GL (8 times)
BMI (6 times)
iAUC (6 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of a low-glycemic-index diet.
11  glass ionomer
(99 times)
Dentistry
(82 times)
RMGI (18 times)
ZP (12 times)
CR (9 times)
1990 Glass-ionomer cements in orthopaedic surgery: design of laboratory tests.
12  green infrastructure
(83 times)
Environmental Health
(58 times)
LID (8 times)
ES (3 times)
GIS (3 times)
2008 Field validation of a conservation network on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, USA, using breeding birds as bio-indicators.
13  genomic island
(65 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
IS (4 times)
MGEs (4 times)
HGT (3 times)
2007 Analysis of a genomic island housing genes for DNA S-modification system in Streptomyces lividans 66 and its counterparts in other distantly related bacteria.
14  genomic instability
(61 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
IR (5 times)
lncRNAs (5 times)
BE (4 times)
2003 [Detection of genomic instability in offspring of male mice chronically exposed to gamma-radiation by the "adaptive response" test].
15  gait initiation
(58 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
COP (24 times)
COM (13 times)
APAs (12 times)
2000 Control strategies for initiation of human gait are influenced by accuracy constraints.
16  ghost imaging
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(44 times)
SNR (6 times)
DGI (4 times)
GIDL (2 times)
2010 Differential ghost imaging.
17  growth index
(53 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
FCM (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
1982 [Comparison of light-scattering index 50% (LSI50) and inhibitory concentration 50% (CI50) (author's transl)].
18  growth inhibition
(53 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MI (3 times)
AV (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1976 The comparison and characterisation of glycolytic mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of sheep.
19  gyrification index
(53 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
MRI (7 times)
CT (6 times)
WM (6 times)
1988 The human pattern of gyrification in the cerebral cortex.
20  glucose intolerance
(52 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
OGTT (10 times)
DM (8 times)
IR (8 times)
1975 Association between a low adipose tissue content of polyunsaturated fatty acids and both glucose intolerance and hypertriglyceridemia in apparently healthy men.
21  gingival
(44 times)
Dentistry
(37 times)
PI (14 times)
PD (10 times)
CAL (9 times)
1989 Effects of flossing on plaque and gingivitis in third grade schoolchildren.
22  genotype I
(42 times)
Virology
(16 times)
JEV (30 times)
GIII (21 times)
JE (13 times)
2004 Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis A virus in Thailand.
23  guided imagery
(42 times)
Nursing
(13 times)
PMR (12 times)
CNCP (2 times)
FR (2 times)
1986 The effect of music, therapy, and relaxation on adrenal corticosteroids and the re-entrainment of circadian rhythms.
24  glucose-inhibited
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
GE (19 times)
VMH (8 times)
VMN (7 times)
2001 Convergence of pre- and postsynaptic influences on glucosensing neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.
25  glucose isomerase
(34 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
HFCS (11 times)
DPEase (2 times)
FMS (2 times)
1984 Safety Evaluation of Glucose Isomerase Derived from Flavobacterium arborescens and Used in Production of High Fructose Corn Syrup.
26  gingival inflammation
(32 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
PI (9 times)
BOP (8 times)
PD (7 times)
1987 The role of adjunctive Rodogyl therapy in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. A longitudinal clinical and microbiologic study.
27  global ischemia
(31 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
SHR (4 times)
ICS (3 times)
IPC (3 times)
1981 Response of cyt a,a3 in the situ canine heart to transient ischemic episodes.
28  graded-index
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
SI (6 times)
MMF (4 times)
PMMA (2 times)
1995 Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier.
29  gastroenterologist
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
IBD (6 times)
PCP (4 times)
ASGE (2 times)
1987 The identifier concept: clinical parameters to stratify hospital costs within gastroenterology DRGs.
30  gender identity
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
SO (10 times)
EHR (5 times)
CAH (4 times)
2006 [Psychosexual aspects of intersex syndromes].
31  genetic interaction
(24 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
GO (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
2009 Explorations in topology-delving underneath the surface of genetic interaction maps.
32  gonad index
(22 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
MCI (9 times)
AI (7 times)
PMI (7 times)
1990 Seasonal patterns of ornithine decarboxylase activity and levels of polyamines in relation to the cytology of germinal cells during spermatogenesis in the sea star, Asterias vulgaris.
33  genes in gastrointestinal
(20 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
GCT (2 times)
BMT (1 time)
1980 The source of gallium-67 in gastrointestinal contents: concise communication.
34  gamma irradiation
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
EO (2 times)
FFT (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
2003 Formation of organic compounds from simulated Titan atmosphere: perspectives of the Cassini mission.
35  global inhomogeneity
(18 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
EIT (17 times)
PEEP (6 times)
CoV (4 times)
2010 PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity: a feasibility study using electrical impedance tomography.
36  gingivitis index
(16 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
PI (5 times)
GCF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1989 Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease in an Irish population.
37  Geographical Indication
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CCR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
2004 [The system of appellation of origin and geographic indication of orthodox drugs and their protection in China].
38  gingivitis
(15 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
BI (3 times)
CN (3 times)
GCF (3 times)
1982 Effect of a new anti-plaque agent (CK-0569A) on developing plaque and gingivitis in man.
39  glass ionomer cement
(15 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
CR (3 times)
ZP (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1991 Column-like structures of human dentin in carious and artificial lesions.
40  gamma index
(14 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
IMRT (6 times)
QA (6 times)
DVH (4 times)
2012 FLUKA Monte Carlo simulation for the Leksell Gamma Knife Perfexion radiosurgery system: homogeneous media.
41  grade I
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GIII (5 times)
GII (3 times)
SHARP (2 times)
1995 Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of adenomatous hyperplasia and hepatocellular carcinoma: cellularity, thickness of cell cord, and Ki-67 proliferative activity.
42  gall index
(11 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
RF (4 times)
CI (2 times)
RKN (2 times)
2002 Resistance and host-response of selected plants to Meloidogyne megadora.
43  Gallstone ileus
(11 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
BIB (1 time)
2013 Gallstone ileus: One-stage surgery in an elderly patient: One-stage surgery in gallstone ileus.
44  gender incongruence
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ENIGI (1 time)
FtM (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2010 A European network for the investigation of gender incongruence: the ENIGI initiative.
45  glossopharyngeal insufflation
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
GE (3 times)
VC (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
2005 Studies on inspiratory and expiratory glossopharyngeal breathing in breath-hold divers employing magnetic resonance imaging and spirometry.
46  glucagon immunoreactivity
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GLI (6 times)
IRI (2 times)
CCP (1 time)
1978 Effect of secretin on plasma insulin and glucagon in man.
47  glucose infusion
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BG (2 times)
NAP (2 times)
31P NMR (1 time)
1985 Muscle fatigue in McArdle's disease studied by 31P-NMR: effect of glucose infusion.
48  glyoxalase I
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GII (7 times)
MG (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
1993 Effect of radiation on glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II activities in spleen and liver of mice.
49  gastric insufflation
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MV (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
TNP (2 times)
1982 Enhancement of murine immune responses to orally administered haptenated Streptococcus mutans.
50  Gini index
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HCs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2010 Identification of a quantitative MINT locus methylation profile predicting local regional recurrence of rectal cancer.
51  glucose-insulin
(10 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
OGTT (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
AIVR (1 time)
1976 Influence of "Polarizing" infusions on anthiarrhythmic effects of beta-blockers.
52  glycemic
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BCT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
InIn (2 times)
1992 Rice: a high or low glycemic index food?
53  granuloma inguinale
(10 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(3 times)
HIV (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Granuloma inguinale: three cases diagnosed in Toronto, Canada.
54  glenoid inclination
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CSA (7 times)
AI (5 times)
ASES (2 times)
2016 Effects of glenoid inclination and acromion index on humeral head translation and glenoid articular cartilage strain.
55  Great Island
(9 times)
Virology
(6 times)
WEX (4 times)
KEM (2 times)
ts (2 times)
1983 Serologic evidence of arbovirus infections in humans and wild animals in Alaska.
56  group intervention
(9 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
IC (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
2002 [Effectiveness of a group therapy intervention to quit smoking. Randomized clinical trial].
57  gastric and intestinal mixed
(8 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
APC (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2001 Gastric and intestinal phenotypic marker expression in gastric carcinomas and its prognostic significance: immunohistochemical analysis of 136 lesions.
58  ghost ileostomy
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AL (2 times)
CS (2 times)
DI (2 times)
2011 Ghost ileostomy after anterior resection for rectal cancer: a preliminary experience.
59  gingival bleeding index
(8 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (6 times)
PD (6 times)
PI (4 times)
2010 Clinical and microbiologic follow-up evaluations after non-surgical periodontal treatment with erbium:YAG laser and scaling and root planing.
60  grain interior
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GB (6 times)
CVD (1 time)
GB's (1 time)
2004 Anomalous grain boundary physics in polycrystalline CuInSe2: the existence of a hole barrier.
61  gastrointestinal bleeding
(7 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2000 Embolization for gastrointestinal hemorrhages.
62  generator impedance
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LI (6 times)
AF (3 times)
PV (2 times)
2018 First clinical use of novel ablation catheter incorporating local impedance data.
63  gingival inflammation index
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PI (3 times)
BA (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of peri-implant tissue response according to the presence of keratinized mucosa.
64  glottal insufficiency
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
VHI-10 (2 times)
DPSP (1 time)
FBFA (1 time)
2003 Results of magnetic resonance imaging assessment, acoustic analysis, phonatory function and perceptual rating of glottic insufficiency before and after fat augmentation: correlated with subjective rating.
65  glucose and insulin
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CCRs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
1976 Changes in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone in the induced paralytic attack of thyrotroxic periodic paralysis.
66  green innovation
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
SC (2 times)
CER (1 time)
DID (1 time)
2020 Is environmental regulation effective in promoting the quantity and quality of green innovation?
67  Guzik's index
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PI (7 times)
HRA (6 times)
SI (4 times)
2015 Investigating foetal heart rate asymmetry.
68  genetic immunization
(6 times)
Hybridomas
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
h-proacrosin (1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
2002 Genetic immunization: what's in a name?
69  gestosis index
(6 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
AT (2 times)
ATIII (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1982 [Effect of combined use of dextran sulfate and urokinase in cases of preeclampsia-behavior of blood coagulation-fibrinolysis and inhibitor systems].
70  gingival irritation
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
TS (6 times)
CI (2 times)
CP (2 times)
2004 Desensitizing agent efficacy during whitening in an at-risk population.
71  glial inclusions
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FTLD (3 times)
DN (2 times)
EN (2 times)
2009 Laminar distribution of the pathological changes in frontal and temporal cortex in 8 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy.
72  glottic incompetence
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
GFI (6 times)
VRQoL (5 times)
GRBAS (3 times)
2010 Type I gore-tex laryngoplasty for glottic incompetence in mobile vocal folds.
73  grating interferometry
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 Integrated microinterferometric sensor for in-plane displacement measurement.
74  green index
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DGF (2 times)
RTS (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1981 Rat C-6 glioma cells maintained in an organ culture system: a study of kinetic parameters.
75  gastroenteritis
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
aORs (1 time)
C. jejuni (1 time)
2005 Additional value of typing Noroviruses in gastroenteritis outbreaks in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
76  gastrointestinal complaints
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 [Significance of milk antibodies in cow's milk protein intolerance].
77  gate insulator
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
a-IGZO (1 time)
a-IWO NS-JLTs (1 time)
2016 A Low Temperature, Solution-Processed Poly(4-vinylphenol), YO(x) Nanoparticle Composite/Polysilazane Bi-Layer Gate Insulator for ZnO Thin Film Transistor.
78  generation interval
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
DB (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2009 Potential for a global dynamic of Influenza A (H1N1).
79  gills
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AEC (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BO (1 time)
2002 Purification and characterisation of glutathione S-transferases from the freshwater clam Corbicula fluminea (Muller).
80  gingival bleeding
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CRF (1 time)
DMFTI (1 time)
GMFCS (1 time)
2007 Oral health and the masticatory system in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus.
81  gingival index scores
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BS (1 time)
1992 Determination of lymphocyte populations and subpopulations extracted from chronically inflamed human periodontal tissues.
82  Glaucoma Index
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOP (4 times)
AIT (3 times)
AGI (1 time)
2016 Impact of a Glaucoma Severity Index on Results of Trabectome Surgery: Larger Pressure Reduction in More Severe Glaucoma.
83  global impression
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CFs (2 times)
ASAS (1 time)
CCSST (1 time)
1986 On the effects of pyritinol on functional deficits of patients with organic mental disorders.
84  global improvement
(5 times)
Acupuncture Therapy
(1 time)
CGI (4 times)
SI (3 times)
ABC (2 times)
2008 An exploratory outcome comparison between an Ericksonian approach to therapy and brief dynamic therapy.
85  global inhomogeneity index
(5 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
EIT (4 times)
PEEP (2 times)
CVI (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of an electrical impedance tomography-based Global Inhomogeneity Index for pulmonary ventilation distribution.
86  glomerulosclerosis index
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
INS (2 times)
AOEs (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
1996 Involvement of angiotensin II in glomerulosclerosis of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
87  glycerol injection
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MVD (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1993 [Long-term follow up of trigeminal neuralgic patients treated by retrogasserian rhizotomy or by microvascular decompression].
88  gonion
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
MCI (4 times)
AI (3 times)
PMI (2 times)
2000 Radiomorphometric indices of the mandible in a British female population.
89  gradient
(5 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
PTV (3 times)
VMAT (3 times)
1996 Artifacts and signal loss due to flow in the presence of B(o) inhomogeneity.
90  granulomatous inflammation
(5 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
EIB (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1995 Cutaneous pathology in Wegener's granulomatosis. A clinicopathologic study of 75 biopsies in 46 patients.
91  inpatient gastroenterology
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
EMR (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2009 Teaching and tomorrow: a novel recruitment program for a pediatric subspecialty.
92  galactosylation index
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
mAb (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2006 Glycosylation of an immunoglobulin produced from a murine hybridoma cell line: the effect of culture mode and the anti-apoptotic gene, bcl-2.
93  galvanized iron
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
COD (2 times)
CD (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2008 Factors influencing lead and iron release from some Egyptian drinking water pipes.
94  genomic index
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
aCGH (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AFIP (1 time)
2014 Metastatic potential is determined early in synovial sarcoma development and reflected by tumor molecular features.
95  giant interneuron
(4 times)
Biology
(4 times)
dGIs (1 time)
DUM (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
1981 Dynamic analysis of cockroach giant interneuron activity evoked by forced displacement of cercal thread-hair sensilla.
96  global impedance
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
EIT (2 times)
CG (1 time)
2016 Regional distribution of ventilation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: the role of thoracic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) monitoring.
97  gluten index
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
2015 Diversity in quality traits amongst Indian wheat varieties II: Paste, dough and muffin making properties.
98  gonadosomatic index
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OS (1 time)
RGN (1 time)
SCF (1 time)
1987 Testicular tumors in carp-funa hybrid: annual cycle and effect on a wild population.
99  Granularity Index
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2010 Routine diagnostic procedures of myelodysplastic syndromes: value of a structural blood cell parameter (NEUT-X) determined by the Sysmex XE-2100™.
100  grating induction
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SBC (3 times)
DOG (2 times)
IA (1 time)
1998 Similar mechanisms underlie simultaneous brightness contrast and grating induction.