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Abbreviation: GK
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Goto-Kakizaki
(751 times)
Endocrinology
(147 times)
T2DM (52 times)
T2D (44 times)
GLP-1 (35 times)
1990 The significance of nerve sugar levels for the peripheral nerve impairment of spontaneously diabetic GK (Goto-Kakizaki) rats.
glucokinase
(475 times)
Biochemistry
(110 times)
G6Pase (57 times)
PEPCK (42 times)
GKRP (36 times)
1975 Effect of dietary fat and sucrose on the activities of several rat hepatic enzymes and their diurnal response to a meal.
Gamma Knife
(206 times)
Neurosurgery
(77 times)
SRS (46 times)
WBRT (16 times)
CK (12 times)
1996 Stereotactic radiosurgery of pituitary adenomas.
glycerol kinase
(156 times)
Biochemistry
(56 times)
GPO (13 times)
SH3 (12 times)
GKD (9 times)
1978 Studies on some thermogenetic enzymes in brown adipose tissue of genetically obese mice.
global kyphosis
(36 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
AS (22 times)
LL (15 times)
SVA (14 times)
2009 Posterior vertebral column resection for severe pediatric deformity: minimum two-year follow-up of thirty-five consecutive patients.
ginkgolide K
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
GB (8 times)
GA (6 times)
PAF (6 times)
2014 Neuroprotective effect of Ginkgolide K against H2O2-induced PC12 cell cytotoxicity by ameliorating mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress.
goalkeeper
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
FW (4 times)
CM (3 times)
DF (3 times)
2011 Physical characteristics, physiological attributes, and on-field performances of soccer goalkeepers.
glandular kallikrein
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
PRL (4 times)
alpha 1-AT (2 times)
alpha 2M (2 times)
1985 Hormonal regulation of glandular kallikrein activity and its inhibitor in human plasma.
gamma-glutamyl kinase
(12 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
GPR (3 times)
aa (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
1985 Identification of a mutation that relieves gamma-glutamyl kinase from allosteric feedback inhibition by proline.
10  galactokinase
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
TK (3 times)
CHO (1 time)
GALT (1 time)
1978 An unusual form of galactosemia: studies on erythrocytes and hair roots.
11  glycocyamine kinase
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CK (8 times)
AK (6 times)
LK (5 times)
1991 Mitochondrial Activities of Phosphagen Kinases are Not Widely Distributed in the Invertebrates.
12  Goto-Kakizaki rats
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
T2DM (3 times)
HO (2 times)
STZ (2 times)
2006 Brain phospholipid and triglyceride fatty acid content and pattern in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic rats.
13  Green-Kubo
(10 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
CS (1 time)
E-S (1 time)
EMD (1 time)
2012 Graphene-based supercapacitors in the parallel-plate electrode configuration: ionic liquids versus organic electrolytes.
14  guanylate kinase-like
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SH3 (6 times)
AMPAR (1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
1997 GKAP, a novel synaptic protein that interacts with the guanylate kinase-like domain of the PSD-95/SAP90 family of channel clustering molecules.
15  gum karaya
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DSC (3 times)
CH (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
0 Antimicrobial effect of novel hydrogel matrix based on natural polysaccharide Sterculia urens.
16  Gamma Knife radiosurgery
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
HH (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1999 Gamma knife surgery for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
17  gingival keratinocytes
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BQ (6 times)
AN (5 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
1996 Effects of dexamethasone and cell proliferation on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases in human mucosal normal and malignant cells.
18  Gustafson-Kessel
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
FCM (5 times)
GG (2 times)
AEDDPF (1 time)
2005 Detecting clusters of different geometrical shapes in microarray gene expression data.
19  Gaussian kernel
(7 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
MDe (3 times)
MDs (3 times)
MM (3 times)
2017 Genomic-Enabled Prediction in Maize Using Kernel Models with Genotype Environment Interaction.
20  Garcinia kola
(6 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
NO (2 times)
UC (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2008 Clinical effects of Garcinia kola in knee osteoarthritis.
21  gum kondagogu
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
TEM (3 times)
NPs (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2014 Gum kondagogu reduced/stabilized silver nanoparticles as direct colorimetric sensor for the sensitive detection of Hg⁺ in aqueous system.
22  glycerol kinase deficiency
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
DMD (5 times)
AHC (2 times)
CGD (1 time)
1986 Isolation of a random cosmid clone, cX5, which defines a new polymorphic locus DXS148 near the locus for Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
23  grouper kidney
(5 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
NNV (3 times)
GIV (2 times)
Bcl (1 time)
2004 Identification and characterization of a novel gene of grouper iridovirus encoding a purine nucleoside phosphorylase.
24  Gonoshasthaya Kendra
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ANC (1 time)
MHI (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of a traditional birth attendant training programme in Bangladesh.
25  guanylate kinase domain
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AID (1 time)
Id1 (1 time)
MAGUK (1 time)
2000 [Study on a downstream signal molecule of human CASK/LIN-2].
26  gatekeeper
(3 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(2 times)
Tm (2 times)
CCFIS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2007 Effect of health care delivery models on melanoma thickness and stage in a university-based referral center: an observational pilot study.
27  GKAs
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GKRP (2 times)
OGTT (1 time)
S6P (1 time)
2008 Biophysical characterization of the interaction between hepatic glucokinase and its regulatory protein: impact of physiological and pharmacological effectors.
28  gankyrin
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FLIM (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
scFv (1 time)
2013 The use of fluorescent intrabodies to detect endogenous gankyrin in living cancer cells.
29  gatekeeping
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IGPS (1 time)
2009 The International Study on General Practitioners and Early Psychosis (IGPS).
30  Ginkgetin
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MAPKs (1 time)
p-ERK (1 time)
p-JNK (1 time)
2017 Ginkgetin inhibits growth of breast carcinoma via regulating MAPKs pathway.
31  gold keratinate
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1982 Distribution of gold in serum erythrocytes and white blood cells after in vitro incubation and during chrysotherapy with different gold compounds.
32  Goldbeter-Koshland
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2010 Goldbeter-Koshland model for open signaling cascades: a mathematical study.
33  grid keratotomy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DBD (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1998 Results of grid keratotomy, superficial keratectomy and debridement for the management of persistent corneal erosions in 92 dogs.
34  guttiferone K
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
OC (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2017 Benzophenones and xanthone derivatives from Garcinia schomburgkiana-induced P-glycoprotein overexpression in human colorectal Caco-2 cells via oxidative stress-mediated mechanisms.
35  Gymnaster koraiensis
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
GKB (1 time)
2013 A polyacetylene-rich extract from Gymnaster koraiensis strongly inhibits colitis-associated colon cancer in mice.
36  diabetic-Goto-Kakizaki
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AEC (1 time)
Ang-1 (1 time)
Ang-2 (1 time)
2009 Differential analyses of angiogenesis and expression of growth factors in micro- and macrovascular endothelial cells of type 2 diabetic rats.
37  g/kg/min
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Ketamine, propofol and low dose remifentanil versus propofol and remifentanil for ERCP outside the operating room: is ketamine not only a "rescue drug"?
38  galactokinase deficiency
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2003 [Mutation P28T in gene GK1 as the cause of a familial galactokinase deficiency].
39  gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 1996 Auditory findings after stereotactic radiosurgery in acoustic neurinoma.
40  GammaKnife Perfexion
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FFF (1 time)
VMAT (1 time)
2018 GammaKnife versus VMAT radiosurgery plan quality for many brain metastases.
41  gankyrin transgenic
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2011 Overexpression of gankyrin induces liver steatosis in zebrafish (Danio rerio).
42  gas stun-kill
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
LL (1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
2014 Bleeding Efficiency and Meat Oxidative Stability and Microbiological Quality of New Zealand White Rabbits Subjected to Halal Slaughter without Stunning and Gas Stun-killing.
43  gaskin
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
MC (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2019 Subtourniquet pressures generated by application of wide-rubber tourniquets in standing, sedated horses.
44  Gatekeeper Reflux Repair System
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2010 Prospective randomized controlled trial of an injectable esophageal prosthesis versus a sham procedure for endoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
45  Gatekeeper ™
(1 time)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
FI (1 time)
2017 Outcomes of GatekeeperTM prosthesis implantation for the treatment of fecal incontinence: a multicenter observational study.
46  gatekeeping system
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IGPS (1 time)
nGK (1 time)
2009 The International Study on General Practitioners and Early Psychosis (IGPS).
47  Gegenbauer kernel
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2014 Estimation of the effective phase function of bulk diffusing materials with the inverse adding-doubling method.
48  gene knock-out
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DETCs (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
IN (1 time)
2015 [Role of dentritic epidermal T lymphocytes in immune rejection of skin allograft in mice and its mechanism].
49  Gene knockdown
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
RNAi (1 time)
STEM (1 time)
2020 RNAi in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 Cells via Nanomaterial Mediated Delivery of dsRNA: A Comparison of Poly-l-arginine Polyplexes and Poly-l-arginine-Functionalized Au Nanoparticles.
50  general knowledge
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Effect of ethanol on judgments of performance.
51  general knowledge of MSDs
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
KSI (1 time)
MSDs (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2013 Knowledge on musculoskeletal diseases by the Spanish population.
52  generalized kinetic
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MP (1 time)
2017 Understanding K trans: a simulation study based on a multiple-pathway model.
53  generalized Kirkwood
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AMOEBA (1 time)
GB (1 time)
PMPB (1 time)
2007 Polarizable Atomic Multipole Solutes in a Generalized Kirkwood Continuum.
54  generalized kurtosis
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
dMRI (1 time)
EAP (1 time)
MFD (1 time)
2015 Estimating diffusion propagator and its moments using directional radial basis functions.
55  geotherapy combined with kinesiotherapy
(1 time)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
2020 Geotherapy combined with kinesiotherapy is efficient in reducing pain in patients with osteoarthritis.
56  Geranium koreanum
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2017 In Vivo and In Vitro Hepatoprotective Effects of Geranium koreanum Methanolic Extract via Downregulation of MAPK/Caspase-3 Pathway.
57  Gereformeerde Kerk
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
1984 Association between familial hypercholesterolaemia and church affiliation. Is this the result of sociocultural isolation of migrant farmers in 19th-century South Africa?
58  germinated Keunnunjami
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GB (1 time)
2018 Antioxidative and antiproliferative activities of ethanol extracts from pigmented giant embryo rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Keunnunjami) before and after germination.
59  Gesundes Kinzigtal
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 [Individual patient satisfaction in 'Gesundes Kinzigtal': Interim results of a trend study].
60  Ginkgo biloba extract
(1 time)
--- 2015 Effects of Gingko biloba extract on tissue distribution of fluoxetine and venlafaxine in rats.
61  ginkgolides injections
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
GD (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2018 Injections of ginkgo in the treatment of cerebral infarction: a systematic review and network Meta-analysis.
62  GK activators
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GKRP (1 time)
2013 Antidiabetic effects of glucokinase regulatory protein small-molecule disruptors.
63  GK deficiency
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DMD (1 time)
1988 Deletion proximal to DXS68 locus (L1 probe site) in a boy with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, glycerol kinase deficiency, and adrenal hypoplasia.
64  GK-sham
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
NIDDM (1 time)
VMH (1 time)
1996 Visceral fat accumulation and vascular complications associated with VMH lesioning of spontaneously non-insulin-dependent diabetic GK rat.
65  GK/Crj
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
MIBI (1 time)
NE (1 time)
NET (1 time)
2002 Norepinephrine transporter density as a causative factor in alterations in MIBG myocardial uptake in NIDDM model rats.
66  GK/Wistar
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Abnormal insulin secretion and glucose metabolism in pancreatic islets from the spontaneously diabetic GK rat.
67  glomerulocystic kidneys
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
APKD (1 time)
1984 Clinicopathologic spectrum of glomerulocystic kidneys: report of two cases and a brief review of literature.
68  glucokinase gene
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
SCHAD (1 time)
2005 Dominantly inherited hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia.
69  Gluconobacter kondonii
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
UDAT (1 time)
2012 Catalytic removal of acetaldehyde in saliva by a Gluconobacter strain.
70  glycerol kinase GlpK
(1 time)
AQP7 (1 time)
CALM (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2020 Comparative transcriptome and histomorphology analysis of testis tissues from mulard and Pekin ducks.
71  glycosylated kampferol
(1 time)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
2AA (1 time)
AAs (1 time)
GKR (1 time)
2017 Antioxidant, Antimutagenic, Tanning and Calpain Induction Activities of Methanolic Extract of Tunisian Plant (Moricandia Arvensis).
72  glykenin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1994 Structure elucidation of glykenin glycosidic antibiotics from Basidiomycetes sp. V. High-performance liquid chromatographic separation of components of glykenin.
73  goalkeeping
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
ATT (1 time)
DEF (1 time)
MID (1 time)
2018 Performance Differences Among Skilled Soccer Players of Different Playing Positions During Vertical Jumping and Landing.
74  Gokgang Stream
(1 time)
Genes
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
DG (1 time)
HWE (1 time)
2020 Genetic diversity and population structure of the endangered fish Pseudobagrus brevicorpus (Bagridae) using a newly developed 12-microsatellite marker.
75  Goldbeter and Koshland
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LNA (1 time)
ZOU (1 time)
2017 Ultrasensitivity and fluctuations in the Barkai-Leibler model of chemotaxis receptors in Escherichia coli.
76  got kimchi
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
PK (1 time)
WK (1 time)
2011 Effects of kimchi ethanolic extracts on oxidative stability of refrigerated cooked pork.
77  Goto-Kakisaki Wistar
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Impaired insulin secretion and excessive hepatic glucose production are both early events in the diabetic GK rat.
78  Goto-Kakizaki diabetic rats
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
OLETF (1 time)
2012 Differential changes of aorta and carotid vasodilation in type 2 diabetic GK and OLETF rats: paradoxical roles of hyperglycemia and insulin.
79  Goto-Kakizaki Type II diabetic rat
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2006 Effects of Type II diabetes on capillary hemodynamics in skeletal muscle.
80  Government of Kenya
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Substance use among inmates at the Eldoret prison in Western Kenya.
81  graphene kirigami
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
NEMS (1 time)
2016 Effects of size and surface on the auxetic behaviour of monolayer graphene kirigami.
82  Graphlet Kernel
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2020 Common Neighbors Extension of the Sticky Model for PPI Networks Evaluated by Global and Local Graphlet Similarity.
83  grasshopper ketone
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2019 Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Grasshopper Ketone from Sargassum fulvellum Ethanol Extract on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Responses in RAW 264.7 Cells.
84  Greek-style natural fermentation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
MS/MS (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2018 Quantitation of Oleuropein and Related Phenolics in Cured Spanish-Style Green, California-Style Black Ripe, and Greek-Style Natural Fermentation Olives.
85  green kohlrabi
(1 time)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2014 Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Green and Red Kohlrabi Cultivars (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes).
86  greenish kernels
(1 time)
Food Additives
(1 time)
DK (1 time)
FMI (1 time)
HDBK (1 time)
2018 Aflatoxin B1 and zearalenone in soybeans: occurrence and distribution in whole and defective kernels.
87  Grosse and Kempf
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GL (1 time)
2002 [Femoral shaft fractures in the elderly treated by intramedullary nailing].
88  grouper head kidney cell line
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IFNs (1 time)
NNV (1 time)
2020 Secretory Production of Functional Grouper Type I Interferon from Epinephelus septemfasciatus in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis.
89  guanylate kinase homology
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SH3 (1 time)
2003 Interaction of the tyrosine kinase Pyk2 with the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor complex via the Src homology 3 domains of PSD-95 and SAP102.
90  Guilong Kechuanning
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ECP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2018 Effect of Xiaochuanping powder on the inflammatory response and airway remodeling in asthmatic rats.
91  guilty knowledge
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Thirty-site P300 scalp distribution, amplitude variance across sites, and amplitude in detection of deceptive concealment of multiple guilty items.
92  Gulbarga in Karnataka
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2013 Community level morbidity control of lymphoedema using self care and integrative treatment in two lymphatic filariasis endemic districts of South India: a non randomized interventional study.
93  Gustafson, Koch
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
DM (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2013 Third molar development: evaluation of nine tooth development registration techniques for age estimations.
94  Gustafson-Kessel algorithm
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FCM (1 time)
FCRM (1 time)
GG (1 time)
2018 Characterization and prediction of the backscattered form function of an immersed cylindrical shell using hybrid fuzzy clustering and bio-inspired algorithms.
95  Guttman-Kaiser
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2019 Food or nutrient pattern assessment using the principal component analysis applied to food questionnaires. Pitfalls, tips and tricks.