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Abbreviation: GL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glycemic load
(396 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(215 times)
GI (325 times)
BMI (35 times)
CI (28 times)
2001 Dietary glycemic load assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting plasma triacylglycerols in postmenopausal women.
glycyrrhizin
(231 times)
Pharmacology
(80 times)
GA (65 times)
HMGB1 (18 times)
LPS (10 times)
1979 Effects of glycyrrhetinic acid and its derivatives on delta 4-5 alpha- and 5 beta-reductase in rat liver.
glomerular layer
(73 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
OB (29 times)
EPL (25 times)
MOB (19 times)
1981 Quantitative study of synapse formation in the duck olfactory bulb.
gastrocnemius lateralis
(70 times)
Physiology
(28 times)
GM (31 times)
TA (27 times)
SOL (19 times)
1989 Discharge patterns of gamma motoneurone populations of extensor and flexor hindlimb muscles during walking in the thalamic cat.
glycolipids
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
PL (28 times)
NL (17 times)
DPG (6 times)
1975 Biological activity of phthalated endotoxin.
germline
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(32 times)
CSR (6 times)
Ig (5 times)
IgH (3 times)
1992 Clonal expansion in follicular lymphoma occurs subsequent to antigenic selection.
gestation length
(44 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(33 times)
BW (5 times)
CD (5 times)
CI (5 times)
1980 Factors influencing gestation length, birth weight and calf survival of Angus, Zebu and Zebu cross beef cattle.
glycerol
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
EG (9 times)
PG (7 times)
SO (4 times)
1994 Study of the influence of auxiliary substances on the partition coefficients of some substituted phenylcarbamic acid derivatives.
glucose
(37 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
TG (6 times)
FFA (4 times)
Hb (4 times)
1977 Circadian and seasonal variations of some metabolic parameters in the serum of the albino laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus var. alba).
10  green light
(37 times)
Biology
(7 times)
RL (28 times)
BL (18 times)
WL (15 times)
1992 Photosynthetic membrane topography: quantitative in situ localization of photosystems I and II.
11  granular lymphocytes
(35 times)
Hematology
(21 times)
LDGL (13 times)
NK (7 times)
GLPD (4 times)
1984 Chromosome studies in patients with T-CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia and expansions of granular lymphocytes.
12  granulosa-luteal
(35 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
mRNA (6 times)
mRNAs (4 times)
IVF (3 times)
1992 Evidence for lipopolysaccharide binding in human granulosa-luteal cells.
13  Ganoderma lucidum
(34 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
AM (2 times)
GLE (2 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
1990 Experimental and clinical studies on inhibitory effect of ganoderma lucidum on platelet aggregation.
14  glycyrrhizic acid
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
GA (17 times)
PF (4 times)
HPC (3 times)
1994 Release of isosorbide dinitrate from polymer film dosage forms and absorption of this drug through the oral mucosa of rats.
15  guidelines
(28 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
FN (2 times)
VTE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2003 [Evaluation of the adherence to the asthma guidelines by the administration of a questionnaire in community pharmacies].
16  gastric lavage
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
IS (4 times)
AFB (3 times)
BAL (3 times)
1986 Efficacy of gastric emptying: gastric lavage versus emesis induced with ipecac.
17  globule leucocytes
(22 times)
Parasitology
(12 times)
MMC (10 times)
FEC (3 times)
IMC (3 times)
1977 [Origin and function of globular leukocytes].
18  glossopharyngeal
(21 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
CT (19 times)
GSP (3 times)
MSG (3 times)
1991 Gustatory neural responses in preweanling mice.
19  Ginzburg-Landau
(20 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
ASGL (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2000 First-order transition in the ginzburg-landau model
20  glargine
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
BIL (9 times)
T2D (4 times)
HbA1c (3 times)
2007 Comparison of once-daily glargine plus sulfonylurea with twice-daily 70/30 aspart premix in insulin-naive Japanese patients with diabetes.
21  glossopharyngeal nerve
(16 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(6 times)
CT (10 times)
GSP (3 times)
SHAM (2 times)
1979 Lingual projections to the dorsal pons of the rat, studied by the field potential analysis.
22  granular layer
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ML (6 times)
CNS (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1990 The expression of excitatory amino acid binding sites during neuritogenesis in the developing rat cerebellum.
23  graft loss
(15 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
AR (5 times)
CI (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2005 Multivariate analysis of antibody induction therapy and their associated outcomes in deceased donor transplants.
24  grain length
(14 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
GW (7 times)
LWR (5 times)
QTL (4 times)
2003 Mapping quantitative trait loci underlying appearance quality of rice grains (Oryza sativa L.).
25  gastric leak
(12 times)
Metabolism
(9 times)
SG (6 times)
BMI (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Gross morphology and topography of the adult intestinal tract of the tilapian fish, Oreochromis niloticus L.
26  glucagon
(12 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PP (2 times)
AST (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
1981 Adenylate cyclase and cell cyclic AMP of rat cortical thick ascending limb of Henle.
27  glaucoma
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
DR (5 times)
NGF (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
2002 Revisiting early postoperative follow-up after phacoemulsification.
28  global layer
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
OL (10 times)
EOMs (6 times)
MR (3 times)
2000 Fibre types and myosin heavy chain expression in the ocular medial rectus muscle of the adult rat.
29  gravity line
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
ODI (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
C7PL (2 times)
1998 An algorithm for determining gravity line location from posturographic recordings.
30  Great Lakes
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
PCBs (4 times)
GLSCF (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1997 Health advisories for consumers of Great Lakes sport fish: is the message being received?
31  geniculate nucleus
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ChAT (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
PBG (2 times)
1979 Response properties of units in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the domestic chick (Gallus domesticus).
32  glabellar lines
(9 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
CFL (4 times)
AEs (2 times)
FLSQ (2 times)
2011 Rapid onset of response and patient-reported outcomes after onabotulinumtoxinA treatment of moderate-to-severe glabellar lines.
33  gray level
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
AF (1 time)
BMDD (1 time)
2003 A digital equalisation technique improving visualisation of dense mammary gland and breast periphery in mammography.
34  glia limitans
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ANP (2 times)
l-alphaAAA (2 times)
l-NNA (2 times)
1985 Dorsal-ventral differences in the glia limitans of the spinal cord: an ultrastructural study in developing normal and irradiated rats.
35  glibenclamide
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
1986 Mutagenic evaluation of tolbutamide and glybenclamide on the bone marrow cells of mice.
36  glucosamine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
14C-Gl (1 time)
ADME (1 time)
1984 Influence of 'cytoprotective' drugs (carbenoxolone, zolimidine, prostanoic acid) on mucus secretion in patients with gastric ulcer.
37  glyoxal
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MG (3 times)
MGL (3 times)
DG (2 times)
1989 Chromosome aberrations induced by pyrolysates of carbohydrates in Chinese hamster V79 cells.
38  ground level
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AL (2 times)
DCS (2 times)
NAL (2 times)
1978 Altitude tolerance of general aviation pilots with normal or partially impaired spirometric function.
39  L-glutamic acid and L-lysine
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
DNP-PLL (2 times)
DH (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
1970 Carrier function in anti-hapten immune responses. II. Specific properties of carrier cells capable of enhancing anti-hapten antibody responses.
40  Giardia lamblia
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
Al (1 time)
C2d-HS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1987 Mechanism of killing of Giardia lamblia trophozoites by complement.
41  glomerular
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
Af-Art (1 time)
BOLD fMRI (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
1995 Flow modulates myogenic responses in isolated microperfused rabbit afferent arterioles via endothelium-derived nitric oxide.
42  grassland
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
WL (3 times)
AP (2 times)
CL (2 times)
2014 Abundance and diversity of soybean-nodulating rhizobia in black soil are impacted by land use and crop management.
43  greatest length
(7 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
CRL (2 times)
GS (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1984 Embryonic length and cerebral landmarks in staged human embryos.
44  green liquor
(7 times)
Technology
(3 times)
XMG (3 times)
AQ (1 time)
CBU (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of enzyme mixtures in releasing fermentable sugars from pre-pulping extracts of mixed northeast hardwoods.
45  group living
(7 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
TI (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
VD (1 time)
1993 Development and consequences of group living in Sweden. A new mode of care for the demented elderly.
46  gasless laparoscopy
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ML (3 times)
CTC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
1999 Central nervous system metabolic and physiologic effects of laparoscopy.
47  gelatin
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
Dx (1 time)
1993 Systemic effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) ointment containing protease inhibitor or gelatin in rats with burns or open wounds.
48  gestation and lactation
(6 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
HF (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
1979 Imparied thermal regulation in juvenile rats following perinatal methadone exposure.
49  glutaraldehyde
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BP (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1998 Orthotropic mechanical properties of chemically treated bovine pericardium.
50  glycerin
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CMCS (1 time)
DESs (1 time)
DG (1 time)
1995 Transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (nitroglycerin) in healthy persons: acute effects on skin temperature and hemodynamic orthostatic response.
51  glycoprotein
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
EAV (3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
1979 Genetic polymorphism of the major parotid salivary glycoprotein (Gl) with linkage to the genes for Pr, Db, and Pa.
52  glycosphingolipids
(6 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AFD (3 times)
AGAL (1 time)
alpha-Gal A (1 time)
1994 Antibodies against sulfated glycosphingolipids of peripheral nerve myelins detected in patients with human cytomegalovirus infection.
53  granule cell layer
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ML (3 times)
AM (1 time)
ASICs (1 time)
2003 Immunolocalization of the acid-sensing ion channel 2a in the rat cerebellum.
54  Guest Lecture
(6 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CC (6 times)
HL (6 times)
RC (6 times)
2000 Guest Lecture (GL) Honorary Lectures (HL) Categorical Courses (CC) Refresher Courses (RC) Workshops (WS) State-of-the-Art Symposia (SA) Special Focus Sessions (SF) : Sunday.
55  GuideLiner
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
PCI (4 times)
ABT (1 time)
AHA/ACC (1 time)
2012 Usefulness and safety of the GuideLiner catheter to enhance intubation and support of guide catheters: insights from the Twente GuideLiner registry.
56  galactolipids
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
PC (3 times)
PE (2 times)
Cd (1 time)
1995 Prevention of postoperative adhesions by single intraperitoneal medication.
57  Galiellalactone
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
STAT (2 times)
DCs (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
2011 Induction of tolerogenic lung CD4+ T cells by local treatment with a pSTAT-3 and pSTAT-5 inhibitor ameliorated experimental allergic asthma.
58  gastric lymphoma
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
GC (2 times)
MZ (1 time)
1991 The role of the endoscopic biopsy in the diagnosis of gastric lymphoma: a morphologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal.
59  genital lymphedema
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
LEL (2 times)
CDP (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2011 Simultaneous multi-site lymphaticovenular anastomoses for primary lower extremity and genital lymphoedema complicated with severe lymphorrhea.
60  German Landrace
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CuZnSOD (1 time)
dpc (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2009 Effect of polymorphisms in the genes for LIF and RBP4 on litter size in two German pig lines.
61  gliclazide
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
MF (1 time)
1997 Study of the complexation behaviour of gliclazide with partially methylated beta-cyclodextrin in solution and solid state.
62  glucono-delta-lactonase
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
GFOR (5 times)
CSL (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1999 Bioconversion of glucose and fructose to sorbitol and gluconic acid by untreated cells of Zymomonas mobilis.
63  gluconolactonase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
APMA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
Dsg1 (1 time)
1997 Simultaneous enzymatic synthesis of gluconic acid and sorbitol: production, purification, and application of glucose-fructose oxidoreductase and gluconolactonase.
64  glycogenolysis
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
GNG (5 times)
EGP (3 times)
FFA (3 times)
1999 The effects of free fatty acids on gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis in normal subjects.
65  L-galactono-gamma-lactone
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ASC (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACF (1 time)
2000 Ascorbate biosynthesis in mitochondria is linked to the electron transport chain between complexes III and IV.
66  lateral gastrocnemius
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PCSA (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1983 The innervation of skeletal muscles in chickens curarized during early development.
67  low-glycemic load
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ALA (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2003 A proposal for a new national diet: a low-glycemic load diet with a unique macronutrient composition.
68  gas-liquid
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
L-L (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2009 Tracking gas-liquid coexistence in fluids of charged soft dumbbells.
69  gastric lipase
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CEL (2 times)
ALO (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1991 Effect of pancreatic phospholipase A2 and gastric lipase on the action of pancreatic carboxyl ester lipase against lipid substrates in vitro.
70  generalized lipodystrophy
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FPLD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
2007 Long-term efficacy of leptin replacement in patients with Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy.
71  geniculate body
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PB (1 time)
PHT (1 time)
VPA (1 time)
1986 Effects of allylglycine on photosensitivity in the lateral geniculate-kindled cat.
72  gingival level
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SRP (3 times)
BOP (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2006 Peri-implant soft-tissue health surrounding cement- and screw-retained implant restorations: a multi-center, 3-year prospective study.
73  globulin
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ALB (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1990 [Staphylococcal binding with immobilized proteins in the bacteriosorption reaction].
74  glucosaminidase
(4 times)
Bacteriology
(2 times)
AM (4 times)
LS (1 time)
LZ (1 time)
1998 Zymographic characterization of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall.
75  gold lotion
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ACF (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
2013 Effective suppression of azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation in mice with citrus peel flavonoids.
76  GABA-linoleamide
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
GS (2 times)
LG (2 times)
GP (1 time)
1985 [The effect of various new GABAergics on motor and oral stereotypes with apomorphine in the rat].
77  gelatinase
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FIB-CL (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
1993 Cytokine-mediated regulation of rat ovarian function: interleukin-1 stimulates the accumulation of a 92-kilodalton gelatinase.
78  genetic line
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
EM (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2007 Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Colombia 1994-2005 based on partial nucleoprotein gene sequences.
79  germinal layer
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
Cc (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2005 Cellular organization and appearance of differentiated structures in developing stages of the parasitic platyhelminth Echinococcus granulosus.
80  Getting lost
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PwAD (2 times)
QuENA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2012 Development of a questionnaire on everyday navigational ability to assess topographical disorientation in Alzheimer's disease.
81  ginkgolide
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
GB (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2005 [Effects of ginkgolide on cerebral blood flow in dogs].
82  glandular
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
SL (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1986 Steroid dynamics in the normal and carcinomatous mammary gland.
83  gliadin
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BLG (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CMP (1 time)
1987 Size distribution of serum IgA antibodies to food proteins: bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), bovine serum albumin (BSA) and gliadin (GL).
84  global
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
EOMs (3 times)
OL (3 times)
SD (1 time)
2001 Quantitative analysis of rectus extraocular muscle layers in monkey and humans.
85  global/local
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MPP (2 times)
CP (1 time)
HFA (1 time)
2008 Missing the big picture: impaired development of global shape processing in autism.
86  glottic larynx
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRT (2 times)
SGL (2 times)
BOT (1 time)
2010 Clinical and dosimetric factors associated with a prolonged feeding tube requirement in patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for head and neck cancers.
87  glycine
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
Fb (1 time)
Fn (1 time)
1988 Anti-fibrin monoclonal antibodies for radioimmunodetection: preliminary assessment in a rat model system.
88  glycogen-binding
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PP1 (1 time)
PP1G (1 time)
1995 Amino acid sequence and expression of the hepatic glycogen-binding (GL)-subunit of protein phosphatase-1.
89  glycyl-L-leucine
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
L-G (1 time)
LGG (1 time)
SM (1 time)
1982 Postnatal development of peptidase enzymes in rat small intestine.
90  Glyteer
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BV (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IM (1 time)
1988 [Anti-inflammatory activity of the dry distillation tar of delipidated soybean (Glyteer) (2)].
91  GoLoco
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RBD (1 time)
2010 RGS14 is a multifunctional scaffold that integrates G protein and Ras/Raf MAPkinase signalling pathways.
92  granulomatous lymphadenitis
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NGL (3 times)
FNAB (2 times)
HIV (1 time)
1989 Granulomatous and nongranulomatous lymphadenitis in sarcoidosis. An immunophenotypic study of seven cases.
93  granulosa
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
TCDD (2 times)
AHR1 (1 time)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
2002 Effects of alpha-MSH on progesterone and nitric oxide release by cultured ovarian granulosa cells in experimental rat autoimmune oophoritis.
94  green luminescence
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
PL (2 times)
FWHM (1 time)
HRTEM (1 time)
2008 Spatially resolved photoluminescence study of single ZnO tetrapods.
95  GreenLight
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
BPO (2 times)
IPSS (2 times)
PVP (2 times)
2014 180-W XPS GreenLight laser vaporisation versus transurethral resection of the prostate for the treatment of benign prostatic obstruction: 6-month safety and efficacy results of a European Multicentre Randomised Trial--the GOLIATH study.
96  growth light
(3 times)
Botany
(3 times)
HL (2 times)
PSII (2 times)
AOX (1 time)
2011 Phosphorylation and nitration levels of photosynthetic proteins are conversely regulated by light stress.
97  beta-glucan
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
PKC (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
TRP (1 time)
2010 Antinociceptive effects of (1→3),(1→6)-linked beta-glucan isolated from Pleurotus pulmonarius in models of acute and neuropathic pain in mice: evidence for a role for glutamatergic receptors and cytokine pathways.
98  D-glucaro-1,4-lactone
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CGT (1 time)
DAGDL (1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
1984 Inhibition of 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene-induced rat mammary tumorigenesis by 2,5-di-O-acetyl-D-glucaro-1,4:6,3-dilactone, an in vivo beta-glucuronidase inhibitor.
99  D-glucose
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MA (2 times)
SCN (1 time)
1984 Role of autonomic nervous system in the time-dependent hyperglycemia induced by intracranial injection of D-mannitol and D-glucose.
100  GABA-containing liposomes
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EL (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Cardiovascular and behavioral effects produced by administration of liposome-entrapped GABA into the rat central nervous system.