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Abbreviation: GM
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Long forms: 576

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gray matter
(2941 times)
Neurology
(886 times)
WM (1346 times)
VBM (486 times)
MRI (439 times)
1978 A statistical method for determining the proportions of gray matter, white matter, and CSF using computed tomography.
genetically modified
(1362 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(203 times)
PCR (87 times)
GMOs (49 times)
Bt (48 times)
1998 Monitoring genetically modified rhizobia in field soils using the polymerase chain reaction.
geometric mean
(956 times)
Environmental Health
(446 times)
GSD (65 times)
CI (50 times)
BPA (32 times)
1977 Organochlorine insecticide residues in field soils of the Kitakyushu district--Japan 1970-74.
gentamicin
(526 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(124 times)
AMK (41 times)
IPM (28 times)
SOD (27 times)
1975 Effects of gentamicin on the intestinal bacterial flora of rats.
granulocyte-macrophage
(408 times)
Hematology
(139 times)
CSF (89 times)
G-CSF (64 times)
IL (48 times)
1979 Separation of functionally distinct human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factors.
galactomannan
(368 times)
Microbiology
(139 times)
IA (142 times)
IPA (73 times)
BAL (71 times)
1979 Galactomannan antigenemia in invasive aspergillosis.
gut microbiota
(268 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(19 times)
SCFAs (16 times)
AD (12 times)
FMT (12 times)
2010 Family relationship of female breeders reduce the systematic inter-individual variation in the gut microbiota of inbred laboratory mice.
gluteus medius
(250 times)
Physiology
(49 times)
EMG (59 times)
BF (57 times)
VL (36 times)
1985 Electromyographic kinesiology of lower extremity muscles during slope walking.
gastrocnemius medialis
(233 times)
Physiology
(101 times)
TA (75 times)
SOL (49 times)
VL (45 times)
1984 Natural cutaneous stimulation induces late and long-lasting facilitation of extensor motoneurons in the cat.
10  geometric morphometrics
(74 times)
Anthropology
(16 times)
PCA (4 times)
FEA (3 times)
DA (2 times)
2002 [Principles and methods of geometric morphometrics].
11  glioblastoma multiforme
(64 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
AA (12 times)
CT (5 times)
RT (5 times)
1983 Primary cerebellar glioblastoma multiforme with an unusually long survival. Case report.
12  gastrocnemius
(62 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
TA (17 times)
EMG (12 times)
SOL (11 times)
1985 Sympathoadrenal system and activation of glycogenolysis during muscular activity.
13  genetic modification
(60 times)
Biotechnology
(10 times)
EU (3 times)
GMOs (3 times)
WT (3 times)
2002 [Biotechnology, especially genetic modification, and legislation].
14  gastric mucosa
(54 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
HP (7 times)
IM (4 times)
CAG (3 times)
1989 [Central serotonin administration and post-stress damage of the gastric mucosa in inbred mice during various seasons].
15  gabexate mesilate
(52 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
DIC (8 times)
TNF-alpha (8 times)
IL-6 (4 times)
1979 Reduction of unfavourable effects of heparin with use of gabexate mesilate in dialysis.
16  growth medium
(49 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DM (16 times)
MSCs (5 times)
CM (4 times)
1985 The in vitro response of fibroblasts to the fluid that accumulates under a vapor-permeable membrane.
17  gastrocnemius muscle
(47 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
TA (6 times)
CT (3 times)
ENGs (3 times)
1977 Inhibition of sympathetic neuronal transport and ouabain-induced cardiac arrhythmias.
18  Granulomatous mastitis
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
FNAC (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1997 Cytology of granulomatous mastitis.
19  glucomannan
(32 times)
Carbohydrates
(6 times)
AA (2 times)
CP (2 times)
FOS (2 times)
1995 Effect of short-term ingestion of konjac glucomannan on serum cholesterol in healthy men.
20  germinal matrix
(28 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
IVH (5 times)
BBB (4 times)
GMH (3 times)
1983 Regional cerebral blood flow in the beagle puppy model of neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage: studies during systemic hypertension.
21  granulocyte/monocyte
(28 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
IL (4 times)
AML (3 times)
Cd (2 times)
1982 Levels of colony-stimulating and inhibiting activities in chicks with myeloblastic leukemia are related to disease progression.
22  Geiger-Muller
(26 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(16 times)
EPDs (2 times)
MC (2 times)
cpm (1 time)
1970 Usable count-rate range of a halogen quenched Geiger-Muller (G-M) counter.
23  glyceryl methacrylate
(25 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
HEMA (8 times)
CS (3 times)
EDTA (3 times)
1982 Immunofluorescent staining of plastic-embedded renal tissue.
24  galactomannan antigen
(24 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
IA (10 times)
IPA (6 times)
BAL (4 times)
2007 Management of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients.
25  general medicine
(24 times)
Internal Medicine
(4 times)
ED (4 times)
ID (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
1992 The roles of general and geriatric medicine in the provision of acute medical care for elderly patients.
26  general movements
(23 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
CP (2 times)
DC (2 times)
GPM (2 times)
1981 Development of the motor behavior during sleep in newborn infants.
27  gingival margin
(21 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
PD (5 times)
CAL (4 times)
CEJ (3 times)
1997 Regression of nifedipine-induced gingival hyperplasia following switch to a same class calcium channel blocker, isradipine.
28  gross motor
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(17 times)
FM (12 times)
PS (4 times)
PAE (3 times)
1992 Culture appropriate indicators for monitoring growth and development of urban and rural children below 6 years.
29  global minimum
(20 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
PES (4 times)
GA (2 times)
SSW (2 times)
1995 Conformational modeling of elastin tetrapeptide Boc-Gly-Leu-Gly-Gly-NMe by molecular dynamics simulations with improvements to the thermalization procedure.
30  gamma marker
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
FcgammaR (9 times)
KM (7 times)
HCMV (6 times)
2013 Immunoglobulin GM allotypes as effect modifiers of cytomegalovirus-spurred neuroblastoma.
31  Geissoschizine methyl ether
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
YKS (6 times)
BPSD (3 times)
GA (3 times)
2011 The blood-brain barrier permeability of geissoschizine methyl ether in Uncaria hook, a galenical constituent of the traditional Japanese medicine yokukansan.
32  geldanamycin
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
Hsp90 (6 times)
HSP (3 times)
17DMAG (1 time)
1995 Preclinical pharmacologic evaluation of geldanamycin as an antitumor agent.
33  gastric metaplasia
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
DU (4 times)
IM (3 times)
ANSD (2 times)
1988 Prevalence of gastric metaplasia, inflammation, and Campylobacter pylori in the duodenum of members of a normal population.
34  geographical miss
(16 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
EIRS (3 times)
BRIE (2 times)
ISR (2 times)
2001 Edge stenosis and geographical miss following intracoronary gamma radiation therapy for in-stent restenosis.
35  gluteus maximus muscle
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
BF (2 times)
FA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1990 Reaction time and electromyographic activity during a sprint start.
36  glyceryl monostearate
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
AMCE (5 times)
SA (4 times)
SLN (3 times)
1999 Optimum spray congealing conditions for masking the bitter taste of clarithromycin in wax matrix.
37  gelatin microspheres
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
131I-MMC-GM (1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
1991 Anticancer gelatin microspheres with multiple functions.
38  grape marc
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
GS (3 times)
SS (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
2001 Co-composting of sugarbeet vinasse: influence of the organic matter nature of the bulking agents used.
39  grey model
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ANN (2 times)
MAPE (2 times)
MGM (2 times)
2006 Estimating air quality in a traffic tunnel using a forecasting combination model.
40  Glomus mosseae
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Gi (6 times)
AMF (4 times)
AM (3 times)
2002 Inducibility studies with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae 3-phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) gene promoter.
41  goat's milk
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CM (11 times)
AD (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1999 Allergenicity of goat's milk in children with cow's milk allergy.
42  geometric
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AM (4 times)
HM (2 times)
MIC (2 times)
2000 In vitro antifungal activity of a novel lipopeptide antifungal agent, FK463, against various fungal pathogens.
43  green manure
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PM (4 times)
SR (3 times)
CR (2 times)
2006 [Effects of dissolved organic matter on napropamide adsorption and transport in soil system].
44  gastrocnemius medialis muscle
(11 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PL (2 times)
CMJ (1 time)
GL (1 time)
1990 Effects of growth on architecture and functional characteristics of adult rat gastrocnemius muscle.
45  geriatric medicine
(11 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
BGS (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2005 There is hope for the future: national survey results reveal that geriatric medicine fellows are well-educated in end-of-life care.
46  glucose-monitoring
(11 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
mdPFC (4 times)
STZ (4 times)
ACC (1 time)
2012 Glucose-monitoring neurons in the mediodorsal prefrontal cortex.
47  grand multiparous
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
SIRs (2 times)
SMRs (2 times)
1985 The "grand multipara"--is it a problem? A review of 5785 cases.
48  Gynecomastia
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AFP (1 time)
AIs (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1984 Gynaecomastia in leprosy in three districts of Tamil Nadu.
49  Gaussian mixture
(10 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CPHD (1 time)
1998 Soft vector quantization and the EM algorithm.
50  generalized morphea
(10 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
LS (3 times)
DM (2 times)
JLS (2 times)
1989 Higher incidences of anti-SS-A/Ro and anti-SS-B/La autoantibodies in Japanese patients with autoimmune disorders--studies of antigens and antibodies using the immunoblotting method.
51  granulomonocytic
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
RA (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
AIF (1 time)
1988 Acidic isoferritin stimulates differentiation of normal granulomonocytic progenitors.
52  gastric mill
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
STG (5 times)
PD (3 times)
LP (2 times)
1978 Synaptic transmission without action potentials: input-output properties of a nonspiking presynaptic neuron.
53  glioblastoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
TGF-beta (2 times)
AII (1 time)
1989 [Current status of radiation therapy in the treatment of malignant glioma:].
54  glucose metabolism
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DM (2 times)
18FDG (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
1992 Influence of sympatho-adrenal system on insulin sensitivity using the euglycemic clamp technique.
55  granulocyte and monocyte
(9 times)
Blood Component Removal
(3 times)
CA (4 times)
GMA (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
2002 Anti-inflammatory effect of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis in a rabbit model of immune arthritis.
56  gray matter volume
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
MRI (2 times)
SZ (2 times)
VBM (2 times)
2008 Neuroimaging of individuals with Down's syndrome at-risk for dementia: evidence for possible compensatory events.
57  growth monitoring
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
GMP (2 times)
CDPOs (1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
1990 Does growth monitoring work as it ought to in countries of low literacy?
58  Glioma
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
circRNAs (5 times)
CCK-8 (2 times)
3'-UTR (1 time)
2012 MicroRNA-149 inhibits proliferation and invasion of glioma cells via blockade of AKT1 signaling.
59  gold marker
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
BA (3 times)
GA (3 times)
IGRT (3 times)
2011 Position verification for the prostate: effect on rectal wall dose.
60  Greater Manchester
(8 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
BMI (1 time)
CLAHRC (1 time)
CLAHRCs (1 time)
2011 The NIHR Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) for Greater Manchester: combining empirical, theoretical and experiential evidence to design and evaluate a large-scale implementation strategy.
61  ground mixture
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SDS (4 times)
PVP (3 times)
HPMC (2 times)
2006 Drug nanoparticle formation from drug/HPMC/SDS ternary ground mixtures.
62  guar meal
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CSM (3 times)
aa (2 times)
RSM (2 times)
2008 Guar meal diets as an alternative approach to inducing molt and improving Salmonella enteritidis resistance in late-phase laying hens.
63  gender minority
(7 times)
Health Services for Transgender Persons
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
BMSM (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2016 Sexual and Gender Diversity within the Black Men who have Sex with Men HIV Epidemiological Category.
64  General Motors
(7 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
earlier designs (1 time)
1993 Unemployment, distress, and coping: a panel study of autoworkers.
65  glucose mycolate
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
TDM (3 times)
MM (2 times)
1987 Isolation of mycolic acid-containing glycolipids in Nocardia rubra and their granuloma forming activity in mice.
66  granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GMA (5 times)
UC (4 times)
CAI (2 times)
2003 Leukocyte adsorptive apheresis for the treatment of active ulcerative colitis: a prospective, uncontrolled, pilot study.
67  Gail model
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BC (1 time)
BCRAT (1 time)
BWHS (1 time)
2007 Diagnostic accuracy of the Gail model in the Black Women's Health Study.
68  Garcinia mangostana
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
AgPCA (1 time)
alpha-MG (1 time)
2013 Electrospun chitosan-based nanofiber mats loaded with Garcinia mangostana extracts.
69  gelatin hydrogel microspheres
(6 times)
Tissue Engineering
(5 times)
CAF (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2008 Bone regeneration using titanium nonwoven fabrics combined with fgf-2 release from gelatin hydrogel microspheres in rabbit skull defects.
70  gelatin methacryloyl
(6 times)
Polymers
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
GMA (1 time)
2016 Gelatin methacrylamide as coating material in cell culture.
71  genital mucosa
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HPV (4 times)
IVAG (2 times)
s.c (2 times)
2008 'HPV vulvitis' revisited: frequent and persistent detection of novel epidermodysplasia verruciformis-associated HPV genotypes.
72  geomembrane
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
GCL (4 times)
CCL (3 times)
SL (2 times)
1999 Evaluation of Chemical Compatibility Testing of Geomembranes Using the Comprehensive Test System and EPA Method 9090.
73  germacrone
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ASE (2 times)
HFD (2 times)
IL (2 times)
2010 Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) for oral delivery of Zedoary essential oil: formulation and bioavailability studies.
74  Gifford-McMahon
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ECR (1 time)
FRP (1 time)
1998 Measurement of heat conduction through stacked screens.
75  gracilis muscle
(6 times)
Skull Base
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GMc (1 time)
1990 Systemic and local effects of endotoxin on canine gracilis muscle vascular conductance.
76  grand mal
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (3 times)
IGE (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1998 Cochlear implantation in a patient with grand mal epilepsy.
77  graphical modeling
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
DM (1 time)
GM.SAT (1 time)
2007 [Graphical modeling for constructs: an integrated solution for factor analysis and GM].
78  Garole Malpura
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ADG (1 time)
CEPE (1 time)
CWL (1 time)
2008 Effects of the Booroola (FecB) genotypes on growth performance, ewe's productivity efficiency and litter size in Garole x Malpura sheep.
79  gastric motility
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
BI (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1991 Enhanced contractility of the rat stomach during suppression of angiotensin converting enzyme by captopril in vitro.
80  gelatinous matrix
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DBM mix (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1993 Glycoprotein Characterization of the Gelatinous Matrix in the Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne javanica.
81  genetically modified crops
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AIN (1 time)
PI (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2008 Effects of soybean proteinase inhibitors on development of the soil mite Scheloribates praeincisus (Acari: Oribatida).
82  genomic medicine
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CER (1 time)
FP (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
2004 Texas physicians' perceptions of genomic medicine as an innovation.
83  gentamicin sulfate
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CEZ (1 time)
CTRX (1 time)
CXM (1 time)
1988 Nontoxic concentration of antibiotics for intravitreal use--evaluated by human in-vitro ERG.
84  global mean
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
DRP (1 time)
2009 Data-driven intensity normalization of PET group comparison studies is superior to global mean normalization.
85  glucose medium
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
CEM (1 time)
LM (1 time)
1999 The cyclic AMP receptor protein is dependent on GcvA for regulation of the gcv operon.
86  glucose meter
(5 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
BGA (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2005 [Usefulness of continuous glucose monitoring system in detection of hypoglycaemic episodes in patients with diabetes in course of chronic pancreatitis].
87  Goeppert-Mayer
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
FCS (1 time)
LISW (1 time)
NPE (1 time)
2004 New caged coumarin fluorophores with extraordinary uncaging cross sections suitable for biological imaging applications.
88  Gottingen minipigs
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ACLR (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
1998 Latissimus dorsi cardiomyoplasty: a chronic experimental porcine model. Feasibility study of cardiomyoplasty in Danish Landrace pigs and Gottingen minipigs.
89  granular myringitis
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
TM (2 times)
EAC (1 time)
2000 Granular myringitis: is it a surgical problem?
90  gross margin
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GHG (1 time)
OJD (1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2008 Financial modelling of the potential cost of ovine Johne's disease and the benefit of vaccinating sheep flocks in southern New South Wales.
91  gall midge
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
BPH (2 times)
MAS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2018 Expression Profile of Defense Genes in Rice Lines Pyramided with Resistance Genes Against Bacterial Blight, Fungal Blast and Insect Gall Midge.
92  GAMMA GLOBULIN
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1964 ANTIBODY TO HEREDITARY HUMAN GAMMA-GLOBULIN (GM) FACTOR RESULTING FROM MATERNAL-FETAL INCOMPATIBILITY.
93  Garrett-Munk
(4 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
GHP (1 time)
IA (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2003 Comparison between ocean-acoustic fluctuations in parabolic-equation simulations and estimates from integral approximations.
94  gemcitabine
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BBB (1 time)
CNDs (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2013 Preclinical pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic models to predict schedule-dependent interaction between erlotinib and gemcitabine.
95  gemifloxacin
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
LV (3 times)
MX (3 times)
GT (2 times)
2002 Prospective study using standardized methodology for antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-positive cocci isolated from the Puerto Rico Medical Center.
96  genecological malignancy
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BI (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2004 [Chemoradiation using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and nedaplatin (NDP) for gynecological malignancy--the relation between hemotoxicity and sequence of 5-FU and NDP].
97  General Memory
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
DR (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CEs (1 time)
1997 Cross-validation of predicted Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised scores in a normative sample of 25- to 34-year-old patients.
98  generalized myotonia
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MUAPs (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
sEMG (1 time)
1995 Spectrum of mutations in the major human skeletal muscle chloride channel gene (CLCN1) leading to myotonia.
99  genome maintenance
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NGS (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2015 Comparative analysis of genome maintenance genes in naked mole rat, mouse, and human.
100  geometric mean concentrations
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
dw (1 time)
1999 Tank truck driver exposure to vapors from oxygenated or reformulated gasolines during loading and unloading.