A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : GM

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : GM
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 2 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: GM
Appearance Frequency: 7975 time(s)
Long forms: 509

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gray matter
(2516 times)
Neurology
(789 times)
WM (1164 times)
VBM (431 times)
MRI (379 times)
1978 A statistical method for determining the proportions of gray matter, white matter, and CSF using computed tomography.
genetically modified
(1186 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(190 times)
PCR (84 times)
Bt (42 times)
GMOs (42 times)
1998 Monitoring genetically modified rhizobia in field soils using the polymerase chain reaction.
geometric mean
(840 times)
Environmental Health
(385 times)
GSD (58 times)
CI (45 times)
AM (27 times)
1977 Organochlorine insecticide residues in field soils of the Kitakyushu district--Japan 1970-74.
gentamicin
(493 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(122 times)
AMK (40 times)
IPM (27 times)
ABK (26 times)
1975 Effects of gentamicin on the intestinal bacterial flora of rats.
granulocyte-macrophage
(406 times)
Hematology
(138 times)
CSF (89 times)
G-CSF (63 times)
IL (48 times)
1979 Separation of functionally distinct human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factors.
galactomannan
(312 times)
Microbiology
(123 times)
IA (128 times)
IPA (63 times)
BAL (60 times)
1979 Galactomannan antigenemia in invasive aspergillosis.
gluteus medius
(217 times)
Physiology
(43 times)
EMG (53 times)
BF (52 times)
SM (32 times)
1985 Electromyographic kinesiology of lower extremity muscles during slope walking.
gastrocnemius medialis
(193 times)
Physiology
(91 times)
TA (61 times)
SOL (41 times)
EMG (36 times)
1984 Natural cutaneous stimulation induces late and long-lasting facilitation of extensor motoneurons in the cat.
gut microbiota
(103 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(11 times)
SCFAs (6 times)
FMT (4 times)
CF (3 times)
2010 Family relationship of female breeders reduce the systematic inter-individual variation in the gut microbiota of inbred laboratory mice.
10  glioblastoma multiforme
(63 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
AA (12 times)
CT (5 times)
RT (5 times)
1983 Primary cerebellar glioblastoma multiforme with an unusually long survival. Case report.
11  geometric morphometrics
(56 times)
Anthropology
(13 times)
FEA (3 times)
muCT (2 times)
NCO (2 times)
2002 [Principles and methods of geometric morphometrics].
12  gastrocnemius
(54 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
TA (14 times)
EMG (11 times)
SOL (11 times)
1985 Sympathoadrenal system and activation of glycogenolysis during muscular activity.
13  gabexate mesilate
(52 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
DIC (8 times)
TNF-alpha (8 times)
IL-6 (4 times)
1979 Reduction of unfavourable effects of heparin with use of gabexate mesilate in dialysis.
14  genetic modification
(52 times)
Biotechnology
(9 times)
EU (3 times)
WT (3 times)
DAF (1 time)
2002 [Biotechnology, especially genetic modification, and legislation].
15  gastric mucosa
(48 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
HP (5 times)
AIG (2 times)
CAG (2 times)
1989 [Central serotonin administration and post-stress damage of the gastric mucosa in inbred mice during various seasons].
16  growth medium
(42 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DM (14 times)
MSCs (5 times)
CM (4 times)
1985 The in vitro response of fibroblasts to the fluid that accumulates under a vapor-permeable membrane.
17  gastrocnemius muscle
(36 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
TA (4 times)
CT (3 times)
ENGs (3 times)
1977 Inhibition of sympathetic neuronal transport and ouabain-induced cardiac arrhythmias.
18  Granulomatous mastitis
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
FNAC (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
EN (2 times)
1997 Cytology of granulomatous mastitis.
19  glucomannan
(30 times)
Carbohydrates
(6 times)
AA (2 times)
CP (2 times)
GGT (2 times)
1995 Effect of short-term ingestion of konjac glucomannan on serum cholesterol in healthy men.
20  granulocyte/monocyte
(27 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
AML (3 times)
IL (3 times)
Cd (2 times)
1982 Levels of colony-stimulating and inhibiting activities in chicks with myeloblastic leukemia are related to disease progression.
21  germinal matrix
(25 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
IVH (5 times)
BBB (4 times)
GMH (2 times)
1983 Regional cerebral blood flow in the beagle puppy model of neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage: studies during systemic hypertension.
22  glyceryl methacrylate
(25 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
HEMA (8 times)
CS (3 times)
EDTA (3 times)
1982 Immunofluorescent staining of plastic-embedded renal tissue.
23  Geiger-Muller
(23 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(13 times)
EPDs (2 times)
cpm (1 time)
DT (1 time)
1970 Usable count-rate range of a halogen quenched Geiger-Muller (G-M) counter.
24  general movements
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
CP (2 times)
DC (2 times)
GPM (2 times)
1981 Development of the motor behavior during sleep in newborn infants.
25  general medical
(21 times)
Internal Medicine
(3 times)
ED (3 times)
ID (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
1992 The roles of general and geriatric medicine in the provision of acute medical care for elderly patients.
26  gingival margin
(19 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
PD (5 times)
CAL (4 times)
CEJ (3 times)
1997 Regression of nifedipine-induced gingival hyperplasia following switch to a same class calcium channel blocker, isradipine.
27  galactomannan antigen
(18 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
IA (9 times)
BALF (3 times)
IFI (3 times)
2007 Management of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients.
28  geldanamycin
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
Hsp90 (6 times)
HSP (3 times)
17DMAG (1 time)
1995 Preclinical pharmacologic evaluation of geldanamycin as an antitumor agent.
29  global minimum
(18 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
PES (4 times)
SSW (2 times)
AdNDP (1 time)
1995 Conformational modeling of elastin tetrapeptide Boc-Gly-Leu-Gly-Gly-NMe by molecular dynamics simulations with improvements to the thermalization procedure.
30  gamma marker
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
FcgammaR (8 times)
KM (7 times)
HCMV (6 times)
2013 Immunoglobulin GM allotypes as effect modifiers of cytomegalovirus-spurred neuroblastoma.
31  gross motor
(17 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
FM (10 times)
ASD (2 times)
EL (2 times)
1992 Culture appropriate indicators for monitoring growth and development of urban and rural children below 6 years.
32  gastric metaplasia
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
DU (4 times)
IM (3 times)
ANSD (2 times)
1988 Prevalence of gastric metaplasia, inflammation, and Campylobacter pylori in the duodenum of members of a normal population.
33  geographical miss
(15 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
EIRS (3 times)
BRIE (2 times)
ISR (2 times)
2001 Edge stenosis and geographical miss following intracoronary gamma radiation therapy for in-stent restenosis.
34  gluteus maximus muscle
(15 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
BF (2 times)
FA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1990 Reaction time and electromyographic activity during a sprint start.
35  grey model
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ANN (2 times)
MAPE (2 times)
MGM (2 times)
2006 Estimating air quality in a traffic tunnel using a forecasting combination model.
36  Geissoschizine methyl ether
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
YKS (5 times)
GA (3 times)
BPSD (2 times)
2011 The blood-brain barrier permeability of geissoschizine methyl ether in Uncaria hook, a galenical constituent of the traditional Japanese medicine yokukansan.
37  gelatin microspheres
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
131I-MMC-GM (1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
1991 Anticancer gelatin microspheres with multiple functions.
38  glyceryl monostearate
(12 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AMCE (5 times)
SA (4 times)
CAM (2 times)
1999 Optimum spray congealing conditions for masking the bitter taste of clarithromycin in wax matrix.
39  Glomus mosseae
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Gi (6 times)
AM (3 times)
AMF (2 times)
2002 Inducibility studies with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae 3-phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) gene promoter.
40  goat's milk
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CM (9 times)
AD (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1999 Allergenicity of goat's milk in children with cow's milk allergy.
41  granulomonocytic
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
RA (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
AIF (1 time)
1988 Acidic isoferritin stimulates differentiation of normal granulomonocytic progenitors.
42  grape marc
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GS (3 times)
SS (3 times)
PM (2 times)
2001 Co-composting of sugarbeet vinasse: influence of the organic matter nature of the bulking agents used.
43  gastrocnemius medialis muscle
(9 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
GL-S (1 time)
GMTU (1 time)
MNs (1 time)
1990 Effects of growth on architecture and functional characteristics of adult rat gastrocnemius muscle.
44  Gaussian mixture
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CPHD (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
1998 Soft vector quantization and the EM algorithm.
45  generalized morphea
(9 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
LS (3 times)
DM (2 times)
JLS (2 times)
1989 Higher incidences of anti-SS-A/Ro and anti-SS-B/La autoantibodies in Japanese patients with autoimmune disorders--studies of antigens and antibodies using the immunoblotting method.
46  geriatric medicine
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
BGS (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
DNAR (1 time)
2005 There is hope for the future: national survey results reveal that geriatric medicine fellows are well-educated in end-of-life care.
47  glioblastoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
TGF-beta (2 times)
AII (1 time)
1989 [Current status of radiation therapy in the treatment of malignant glioma:].
48  grand multiparous
(9 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
SIRs (2 times)
SMRs (2 times)
1985 The "grand multipara"--is it a problem? A review of 5785 cases.
49  gray matter volume
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
MRI (2 times)
SZ (2 times)
VBM (2 times)
2008 Neuroimaging of individuals with Down's syndrome at-risk for dementia: evidence for possible compensatory events.
50  green manure
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PM (3 times)
DOC (2 times)
DOM (2 times)
2006 [Effects of dissolved organic matter on napropamide adsorption and transport in soil system].
51  gastric mill
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
STG (4 times)
PD (3 times)
LP (2 times)
1978 Synaptic transmission without action potentials: input-output properties of a nonspiking presynaptic neuron.
52  glucose metabolism
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DM (2 times)
18FDG (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1992 Influence of sympatho-adrenal system on insulin sensitivity using the euglycemic clamp technique.
53  granulocyte and monocyte
(8 times)
Blood Component Removal
(3 times)
CA (4 times)
GMA (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
2002 Anti-inflammatory effect of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis in a rabbit model of immune arthritis.
54  growth monitoring
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
GMP (2 times)
CDPOs (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1990 Does growth monitoring work as it ought to in countries of low literacy?
55  General Motors
(7 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
earlier designs (1 time)
1993 Unemployment, distress, and coping: a panel study of autoworkers.
56  glucose mycolate
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
TDM (3 times)
MM (2 times)
1987 Isolation of mycolic acid-containing glycolipids in Nocardia rubra and their granuloma forming activity in mice.
57  glucose-monitoring
(7 times)
Brain
(3 times)
mdPFC (4 times)
STZ (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
2012 Glucose-monitoring neurons in the mediodorsal prefrontal cortex.
58  gold marker
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
IGRT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2011 Position verification for the prostate: effect on rectal wall dose.
59  granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GMA (5 times)
UC (4 times)
CAI (2 times)
2003 Leukocyte adsorptive apheresis for the treatment of active ulcerative colitis: a prospective, uncontrolled, pilot study.
60  Greater Manchester
(7 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
BMI (1 time)
CLAHRC (1 time)
CLAHRCs (1 time)
2011 The NIHR Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) for Greater Manchester: combining empirical, theoretical and experiential evidence to design and evaluate a large-scale implementation strategy.
61  ground mixture
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SDS (4 times)
PVP (3 times)
HPMC (2 times)
2006 Drug nanoparticle formation from drug/HPMC/SDS ternary ground mixtures.
62  Gynecomastia
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
MLO (1 time)
1984 Gynaecomastia in leprosy in three districts of Tamil Nadu.
63  genital mucosa
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HPV (4 times)
IVAG (2 times)
s.c (2 times)
2008 'HPV vulvitis' revisited: frequent and persistent detection of novel epidermodysplasia verruciformis-associated HPV genotypes.
64  geomembrane
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
GCL (4 times)
CCL (3 times)
SL (2 times)
1999 Evaluation of Chemical Compatibility Testing of Geomembranes Using the Comprehensive Test System and EPA Method 9090.
65  geometric
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AM (2 times)
e-EQS (1 time)
EQS (1 time)
2000 In vitro antifungal activity of a novel lipopeptide antifungal agent, FK463, against various fungal pathogens.
66  Gifford-McMahon
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ECR (1 time)
FRP (1 time)
1998 Measurement of heat conduction through stacked screens.
67  Gail model
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BC (1 time)
BWHS (1 time)
GM-B (1 time)
2007 Diagnostic accuracy of the Gail model in the Black Women's Health Study.
68  Garcinia mangostana
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
alpha-MG (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2013 Electrospun chitosan-based nanofiber mats loaded with Garcinia mangostana extracts.
69  Garole Malpura
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ADG (1 time)
CEPE (1 time)
CWL (1 time)
2008 Effects of the Booroola (FecB) genotypes on growth performance, ewe's productivity efficiency and litter size in Garole x Malpura sheep.
70  gentamicin sulfate
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CEZ (1 time)
CTRX (1 time)
CXM (1 time)
1988 Nontoxic concentration of antibiotics for intravitreal use--evaluated by human in-vitro ERG.
71  global mean
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
DRP (1 time)
2009 Data-driven intensity normalization of PET group comparison studies is superior to global mean normalization.
72  glucose medium
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
CEM (1 time)
LM (1 time)
1999 The cyclic AMP receptor protein is dependent on GcvA for regulation of the gcv operon.
73  Goeppert-Mayer
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
FCS (1 time)
LISW (1 time)
NPE (1 time)
2004 New caged coumarin fluorophores with extraordinary uncaging cross sections suitable for biological imaging applications.
74  grand mal
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (3 times)
IGE (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1998 Cochlear implantation in a patient with grand mal epilepsy.
75  granular myringitis
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
TM (2 times)
EAC (1 time)
2000 Granular myringitis: is it a surgical problem?
76  gross margin
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GHG (1 time)
OJD (1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2008 Financial modelling of the potential cost of ovine Johne's disease and the benefit of vaccinating sheep flocks in southern New South Wales.
77  guar meal
(5 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2008 Guar meal diets as an alternative approach to inducing molt and improving Salmonella enteritidis resistance in late-phase laying hens.
78  GAMMA GLOBULIN
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1964 ANTIBODY TO HEREDITARY HUMAN GAMMA-GLOBULIN (GM) FACTOR RESULTING FROM MATERNAL-FETAL INCOMPATIBILITY.
79  Garrett-Munk
(4 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
GHP (1 time)
IA (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2003 Comparison between ocean-acoustic fluctuations in parabolic-equation simulations and estimates from integral approximations.
80  gelatin hydrogel microspheres
(4 times)
Tissue Engineering
(3 times)
ALP (1 time)
BMP2 (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2008 Bone regeneration using titanium nonwoven fabrics combined with fgf-2 release from gelatin hydrogel microspheres in rabbit skull defects.
81  gelatinous matrix
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DBM mix (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1993 Glycoprotein Characterization of the Gelatinous Matrix in the Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne javanica.
82  gemifloxacin
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
LV (3 times)
MX (3 times)
GT (2 times)
2002 Prospective study using standardized methodology for antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-positive cocci isolated from the Puerto Rico Medical Center.
83  General Memory
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
DR (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CEs (1 time)
1997 Cross-validation of predicted Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised scores in a normative sample of 25- to 34-year-old patients.
84  genetically modified crops
(4 times)
Plants, Genetically Modified
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
2008 Effects of soybean proteinase inhibitors on development of the soil mite Scheloribates praeincisus (Acari: Oribatida).
85  genomic medicine
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CER (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
PH (1 time)
2004 Texas physicians' perceptions of genomic medicine as an innovation.
86  geometric mean concentrations
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
dw (1 time)
1999 Tank truck driver exposure to vapors from oxygenated or reformulated gasolines during loading and unloading.
87  geometric method
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AT (1 time)
CBMs (1 time)
2007 Right ventricular function assessment: comparison of geometric and visual method to short-axis slice summation method.
88  germacrone
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ASE (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
AMPKalpha (1 time)
2010 Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) for oral delivery of Zedoary essential oil: formulation and bioavailability studies.
89  glimepiride
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
GB (2 times)
FA (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
2003 Sulfonylureas and cardiovascular effects: from experimental data to clinical use. Available data in humans and clinical applications.
90  glucose meter
(4 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
BGA (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2005 [Usefulness of continuous glucose monitoring system in detection of hypoglycaemic episodes in patients with diabetes in course of chronic pancreatitis].
91  goat manure
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ADF (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
C/N (1 time)
2010 Fate of manure phosphorus in a weathered sandy clay loam soil amended with three animal manures.
92  gracilis muscle
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GMc (1 time)
GTF (1 time)
HMBD (1 time)
1990 Systemic and local effects of endotoxin on canine gracilis muscle vascular conductance.
93  granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
3.4-fold (1 time)
AML (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2000 Effective ex vivo generation of granulopoietic postprogenitor cells from mobilized peripheral blood CD34(+) cells.
94  graphical models
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
MRF (1 time)
2007 [Graphical modeling for constructs: an integrated solution for factor analysis and GM].
95  GABA-modulin
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
1986 Modulation of ligands binding to the benzodiazepine receptor by an endogenous inhibitor (GABA-modulin) and bicuculline.
96  gain margin
(3 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
PM (2 times)
CNTFET (1 time)
COTA (1 time)
2010 The EarLens system: new sound transduction methods.
97  gamma
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HCV (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
2001 Immunoglobulin GM and KM allotypes in systemic lupus erythematosus.
98  Gamma heavy chains Marker
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
KM (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2002 Parental GM and HLA genotypes and reduced birth weight in patients with Turner's syndrome.
99  Gamma Method
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
GSA (2 times)
GS (1 time)
RTP (1 time)
2007 Combining p-values in large-scale genomics experiments.
100  Gantzer's muscle
(3 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
FDS (1 time)
FPL (1 time)
2008 Multiple muscular anomalies of upper extremity: a cadaveric study.