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Abbreviation: GN
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Long forms: 202

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glomerulonephritis
(1376 times)
Nephrology
(651 times)
GBM (86 times)
FSGS (74 times)
SLE (62 times)
1974 Detection of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies by radioimmunological technique. Clinical application in human nephropathies.
Gram-negative
(112 times)
Microbiology
(31 times)
GP (42 times)
CI (8 times)
MDR (8 times)
1968 Isolation of shigellae. V. Comparison of enrichment broths with stools.
ganglioneuroma
(64 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
NB (24 times)
GNB (12 times)
GNBi (5 times)
1988 A compound adrenal medullary tumor (pheochromocytoma and ganglioneuroma) and a cortical adenoma in the ipsilateral adrenal gland. A case report with enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical studies.
graphene
(34 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
CNT (3 times)
TEM (3 times)
ATP (2 times)
2010 Fabrication of carbon nanoscrolls from monolayer graphene.
glossopharyngeal neuralgia
(22 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
MVD (11 times)
TN (6 times)
HFS (4 times)
1986 Mechanisms of syncope in glossopharyngeal neuralgia.
gamma nail
(21 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DHS (9 times)
PCCP (3 times)
PFN (3 times)
1994 A prospective comparative study of the compression hip screw and the gamma nail.
gallium nitrate
(16 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
DTH (3 times)
mAb (2 times)
beta-GLU (1 time)
1991 Gallium nitrate inhibits bone resorption and collagen synthesis in neonatal mouse calvariae.
guanylin
(16 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
UGN (12 times)
GCC (8 times)
CFTR (3 times)
1999 Circadian regulation of uroguanylin and guanylin in the rat intestine.
gustatory neocortex
(16 times)
Brain
(7 times)
PbN (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1976 Effects of lesions of the gustatory necortex on taste aversion learning in the rat.
10  guanine nucleotides
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AC (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1983 Obligatory role of a Tris/choline allosteric site in guanine nucleotide regulation of [3H]-L-QNB binding to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
11  gastrocnemius
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
VL (3 times)
BB (2 times)
CRD (2 times)
1975 Influence of diet and age on ribonucleic acid, protein and free amino acid levels of rat skeletal muscle.
12  gentamicin
(10 times)
Liposomes
(2 times)
CZ (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
Ap (2 times)
2001 Vibrio vulnificus as a health hazard for shrimp consumers.
13  gracile nucleus
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DCN (2 times)
LTM (2 times)
ALPHA-MET-5-HT (1 time)
1984 Postsynaptic dorsal column pathway of the rat. I. Anatomical studies.
14  Gauss-Newton
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BL (2 times)
CG (2 times)
ART (1 time)
1992 Nonperturbative diffraction tomography via Gauss-Newton iteration applied to the scattering integral equation.
15  gene normalization
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
ACT (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2010 Multistage gene normalization and SVM-based ranking for protein interactor extraction in full-text articles.
16  grain number
(9 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
GY (3 times)
GWAS (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2006 Relationship between water use efficiency (WUE) and production of different wheat genotypes at soil water deficit.
17  Gaussian noise
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ASE (1 time)
BER and SER (1 time)
BMLD (1 time)
2013 Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links.
18  genistein
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BPA (2 times)
CM (2 times)
DZ (2 times)
1999 Cytotoxic potential of the phytochemical genistein isoflavone (4',5',7-trihydroxyisoflavone) and certain environmental chemical compounds on testicular cells.
19  graphene nanosheet
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
AEMA (1 time)
CD-GNs (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
2010 Cyclodextrin functionalized graphene nanosheets with high supramolecular recognition capability: synthesis and host-guest inclusion for enhanced electrochemical performance.
20  glomerular nephropathy
(7 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
IgAN (2 times)
MCN/FSH (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
1979 Clinicopathologic correlations in the nephrotic syndrome.
21  glucagon
(7 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
GH (2 times)
TG (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1980 Effect of glucagon on ion transport in mouse intestine.
22  genipin
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ATR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
Coll (1 time)
2011 Amoxicillin-Loaded Sponges Made of Collagen and Poly[(methyl vinyl ether)-co-(maleic anhydride)] for Root Canal Treatment: Preparation, Characterization and In Vitro Cell Compatibility.
23  Gomisin N
(6 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
HFD (4 times)
ACC (2 times)
AMPK (2 times)
2013 Differential effect of schisandrin B stereoisomers on ATR-mediated DNA damage checkpoint signaling.
24  graduate nurse
(6 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
GNP (2 times)
RN (2 times)
EN (1 time)
1988 A neurosciences internship and graduate nurse role conception.
25  granule neurons
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
B/SC (1 time)
DG (1 time)
GCL (1 time)
1999 The number of granule cells and spine density on Purkinje cells in aged, ethanol-fed rats.
26  ganglioneuromatosis
(5 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
ENS (1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1991 Intestinal ganglioneuromatosis: mucosal and transmural types. A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of six cases.
27  gastric neoplasm
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
NUD (2 times)
CRN (1 time)
DU (1 time)
2008 Frequency of Helicobacter pylori and CagA antibody in patients with gastric neoplasms and controls: the Indian enigma.
28  gelatin-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
DED (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
2015 Antioxidant Gallic Acid-Functionalized Biodegradable in Situ Gelling Copolymers for Cytoprotective Antiglaucoma Drug Delivery Systems.
29  geniculate neuralgia
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MVD (3 times)
GPN (2 times)
TN (2 times)
2004 [Neuralgias of the lower cranial nerves: microsurgical posterior fossa exploration].
30  gestational nicotine
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2007 Gestational exposure to nicotine and monoamine oxidase inhibitors influences cocaine-induced locomotion in adolescent rats.
31  Girvan-Newman
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
DIP (1 time)
FIESTA-IoT (1 time)
LFR (1 time)
2007 Modular organization of protein interaction networks.
32  glomerular number
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
HPK (2 times)
AL (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1995 Pathophysiology and postnatal pathogenesis of hypoplastic kidney (hpk/hpk) in the male hypogonadic mutant rat (hgn/hgn).
33  glycogenin
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GS (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
EsGS-I (1 time)
2014 Structural basis for the recruitment of glycogen synthase by glycogenin.
34  gonadal
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
s.c (2 times)
WT (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
2000 Exposure to ionizing radiation in children undergoing Amplatzer device placement to close atrial septal defects.
35  Guerrero Negro
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
HydA (1 time)
2006 Application of a nifH oligonucleotide microarray for profiling diversity of N2-fixing microorganisms in marine microbial mats.
36  galacturonan
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SSPS (3 times)
RG (2 times)
PGase (1 time)
2001 Analysis of structural components and molecular construction of soybean soluble polysaccharides by stepwise enzymatic degradation.
37  Gannan
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
DX (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2013 Association of novel single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the vascular endothelial growth factor-A gene with high-altitude adaptation in yak (Bos grunniens).
38  Gastrocnemius pars interna
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IF (3 times)
FOG (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2010 Colour, lipid and protein stability of Rhea americana meat during air- and vacuum-packaged storage: influence of muscle on oxidative processes.
39  gemcitabine and nedaplatin
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2012 Retrospective study of gemcitabine based chemotherapy for unresectable or recurrent esophagus squamous cell carcinoma refractory to first line chemotherapy.
40  gingival
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FN (2 times)
HGF (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
1998 Autocrine transforming growth factor beta stimulation of extracellular matrix production by fibroblasts from fibrotic human gingiva.
41  glossopharyngeal nerve
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
GSPN (1 time)
LN (1 time)
1986 Effects of gustatory deafferentation on ingestion of taste solutions as seen by licking behavior in rats.
42  gluconeogenesis
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
EGP (1 time)
EGR (1 time)
SGU (1 time)
1998 Human kidney and liver gluconeogenesis: evidence for organ substrate selectivity.
43  gluten neuropathy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GFD (1 time)
ONLS (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2017 Transglutaminase 6 antibodies in gluten neuropathy.
44  gold nanoparticles
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
Apt (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
Lys (1 time)
2010 Gold nanoparticle embedded silicon nanowire biosensor for applications of label-free DNA detection.
45  Golfo de Nicoya
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
GD (3 times)
ST (2 times)
log (1 time)
1996 Demersal crustacean assemblages along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica: a quantitative and multivariate assessment based on the Victor Hensen Costa Rica expedition (1993/1994).
46  gram-negative bacteria
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
GP (3 times)
COB (1 time)
PAH-RHDalpha (1 time)
2014 Indigenous oil-degrading bacteria in crude oil-contaminated seawater of the Yellow sea, China.
47  gram-negative broth
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DC (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
RE (1 time)
1968 Isolation of shigellae. VI. Performance of media with stool speciments.
48  graphite nanoparticle
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
MBs (1 time)
2012 A novel molecular beacon bearing a graphite nanoparticle as a nanoquencher for in situ mRNA detection in cancer cells.
49  acetyl-D-glucosamine
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
vWF (1 time)
2010 Role of glycoprotein Ibalpha mobility in platelet function.
50  gabapentin, normal saline
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2011 Use of gabapentin, esmolol or their combination to attenuate haemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and intubation.
51  gastronomies muscle
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ER stress (1 time)
PU (1 time)
QCM (1 time)
1991 Dorsal Horn Plasticity Following Re-routeing of Peripheral Nerves: Evidence for Tissue-Specific Neurotrophic Influences from the Periphery.
52  gelatin nanoparticles
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
FIA (1 time)
FITC-BSA (1 time)
2010 Effect of levofloxacin and pefloxacin on humoral immune response elicited by bovine serum albumin docked in gelatin microparticles and nanoparticles.
53  gemcitabine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
BRCA1 (1 time)
FFN (1 time)
2012 Individualized Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC Patients Based on mRNA Levels of BRCA1 and RRM1.
54  gender nonconforming
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2014 Psychological and medical care of gender nonconforming youth.
55  GeneNetwork
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
--- 2007 An informatics approach to systems neurogenetics.
56  general nurse
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CERQ (1 time)
DM (1 time)
EQ (1 time)
2017 Cost-effectiveness of outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy: a simulation modelling approach.
57  generative nuclei
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
VN (2 times)
EMTs (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2006 Two promoters conferring active gene expression in vegetative nuclei of tobacco immature pollen undergoing embryogenic dedifferentiation.
58  genetic numeracy
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
EMs (1 time)
GL (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2016 Explanatory Models of Genetics and Genetic Risk among a Selected Group of Students.
59  geniculate nuclei
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
betaC-7 (1 time)
GD-7 (1 time)
2001 Effect of hypergravity on the mouse basal expression of NGF and BDNF in the retina, visual cortex and geniculate nucleus: correlative aspects with NPY immunoreactivity.
60  genitofemoral nerve
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
FN (1 time)
NR (1 time)
2014 Erectile functional restoration with genital branch of genitofemoral nerve to cavernous nerve transfer after bilateral cavernous nerve resection in the rat.
61  geranyl nitrile
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
2006 Comparative metabolism of geranyl nitrile and citronellyl nitrile in mouse, rat, and human hepatocytes.
62  Geriatric Nursing
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
BSN (1 time)
GLTC (1 time)
JGN (1 time)
2016 A comparative review of gerontological nursing citation data.
63  goniothalamin
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CASMCs (1 time)
VSMCs (1 time)
2006 Goniothalamin induces apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells.
64  graft nephrectomy
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
RTRs (1 time)
2008 Comparative study of graft nephrectomy in pre-cyclosporine and cyclosporine era.
65  grain number per panicle
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CSSL (1 time)
GWP (1 time)
KW (1 time)
1997 Epistasis for three grain yield components in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
66  grain number per spike
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CWI (1 time)
SL (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2010 Fine mapping a domestication-related QTL for spike-related traits in a synthetic wheat.
67  grain number per unit area
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
TKW (1 time)
2015 High night temperatures during grain number determination reduce wheat and barley grain yield: a field study.
68  Green-Naghdi
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GL (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2000 Generalized thermoelastic waves in homogeneous isotropic plates
69  groundnut hay
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CSM (2 times)
CW (2 times)
MM (2 times)
2002 Effect of cowpea hay, groundnut hay, cotton seed meal and maize meal supplementation to maize stover on intake, digestibility, microbial protein supply and acetate kinetics in weaner lambs.
70  group normal
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AIPh (1 time)
CPK (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1998 Impaired Na+,K+ATPase activity in red blood cells in euthyroid women treated with levothyroxine after total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease.
71  3'-geranyl-naringenin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
INB (1 time)
2018 Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Diabetic, and Anti-Alzheimer's Effects of Prenylated Flavonoids from Okinawa Propolis: An Investigation by Experimental and Computational Studies.
72  beta-1,3-glucanase
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PGs (1 time)
PME (1 time)
2000 Male flower-specific expression of genes for polygalacturonase, pectin methylesterase and beta-1,3-glucanase in a dioecious willow (Salix gilgiana Seemen).
73  beta-glucuronidase
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
1997 Investigations of bifidobacterial ecology and oligosaccharide metabolism in a three-stage compound continuous culture system.
74  D-glucosaminhydrochloride
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACV (1 time)
1989 Antiviral activity of a D-glucosamine derivative against herpetic ulcers (HSV type 2) in rabbit cornea.
75  G and N
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CVS (1 time)
HDCV (1 time)
1995 Cross-protection of mice against a global spectrum of rabies virus variants.
76  GABA solution orally
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2017 Alleviation by gamma amino butyric acid supplementation of chronic heat stress-induced degenerative changes in jejunum in commercial broiler chickens.
77  gain of the neck
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Relation between cell size and response characteristics of medullary reticulospinal neurons to labyrinth and neck inputs.
78  galangin
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FN (1 time)
KL (1 time)
MN (1 time)
2015 Mobilization of Copper ions by Flavonoids in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes Leads to Oxidative DNA Breakage: A Structure Activity Study.
79  gallic acid loaded in non-elastic
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2011 In vitro and in vivo skin anti-aging evaluation of gel containing niosomes loaded with a semi-purified fraction containing gallic acid from Terminalia chebula galls.
80  galvanic nystagmus
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ENG (1 time)
1992 Evaluation of the galvanic vestibulo-ocular response recorded with a modified electronystagmographic technique.
81  Gamma Asia-Pacific nail
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IMHS (1 time)
2002 Migration of the lag screw within the femoral head: a comparison of the intramedullary hip screw and the Gamma Asia-Pacific nail.
82  Gandy's Nomogram
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Mobility trends of Patients across Italian Regions: implications for planning and evaluation of hospital services.
83  ganglioglomerular nerve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ESA (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1981 Modification of carotid baroreceptor function by electrical stimulation of the ganglioglomerular nerve.
84  ganglioneuroblastoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DAPK (1 time)
GSTP1 (1 time)
MGMT (1 time)
2003 Aberrant methylation of multiple genes in neuroblastic tumours. relationship with MYCN amplification and allelic status at 1p.
85  ganglioneuroma, maturing type
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
GNBi (1 time)
GNBn (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2013 [Clinicopathologic features of peripheral neuroblastic tumors].
86  Gangneung
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Characteristics of airborne radionuclides concentration in a coastal environment.
87  Gaseous nitrogen
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
LN (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2002 Effects of cryogenic cooling of shell eggs on egg quality.
88  gastric nerve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
SN (1 time)
1980 Differential discrimination of appropriate pathways by regenerating identified neurons in Helisoma.
89  gastric nodularity
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
RUT (1 time)
2000 Is gastric nodularity a sign for gastric inflammation associated with Helicobacter pylori infection in children?
90  gated-noise
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
fast-PTCs (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2012 Time-efficient measures of auditory frequency selectivity.
91  Gauss-Newton optimization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AFR (1 time)
beta (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
2014 Online spatial normalization for real-time FMRI.
92  Gaussian
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2012 Notionally steady background noise acts primarily as a modulation masker of speech.
93  Gaussian network
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
IG (1 time)
2005 New probabilistic graphical models for genetic regulatory networks studies.
94  Gaussian noise maskers
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
EMN (1 time)
HNN (1 time)
LNN (1 time)
1998 The influence of stimulus envelope and fine structure on the binaural masking level difference.
95  gelatin-g-PNIPAAm
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MAA (1 time)
NIPAAm (1 time)
PNIPAAm (1 time)
2013 Biodegradable in situ gelling delivery systems containing pilocarpine as new antiglaucoma formulations: effect of a mercaptoacetic acid/N-isopropylacrylamide molar ratio.
96  gemcitabine +vinorelbine regimen
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2005 [A randomized clinical trial of gemcitabine plus cisplatin compared with gemcitabine plus vinorelbine in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer].
97  gemcitabine and vinorelbine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2012 [Efficacy of gemcitabine and vinorelbine in first-line treatment with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a multicentre retrospective study].
98  Gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
UR-LA (1 time)
2017 [Multidisciplinary Therapy with Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel for Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer].
99  gender normative
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
GNN (1 time)
2012 Preschool children with gender normative and gender non-normative peer preferences: psychosocial and environmental correlates.
100  Gene mention normalization
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Inter-species normalization of gene mentions with GNAT.