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Abbreviation: GP
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Long forms: 693

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
general practitioner
(4043 times)
Medicine
(692 times)
CI (153 times)
OR (102 times)
ED (85 times)
0 [Access to government-funded psychotherapy: Comparing the point of view of psychologists and psychotherapists].
glycoprotein
(3485 times)
Hematology
(1062 times)
vWF (423 times)
PCI (206 times)
EBOV (169 times)
1975 Natural and experimentally induced antibodies to defined mammalian type-C virus proteins in primates.
globus pallidus
(634 times)
Neurology
(304 times)
STN (99 times)
SN (88 times)
SNr (82 times)
1969 [Study of responses evoked by peripheral and central stimulations at the level of the globus pallidus (G.P.) in rats].
glycogen phosphorylase
(247 times)
Biochemistry
(78 times)
GS (57 times)
PEPCK (16 times)
G6Pase (10 times)
1978 Schedule of protein ingestion and circadian variations of glycogen phosphorylase, glycogen synthetase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in rat liver.
guinea pig
(239 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(69 times)
EAE (21 times)
MBP (16 times)
CFA (8 times)
1975 Immunochemical quantitaion of the third component of guinea pig complement in fluid phase and bound to cell surfaces.
glutathione peroxidase
(149 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
SOD (72 times)
GR (57 times)
CAT (43 times)
1977 Effect of pretreatment with antiinflammatory agents on paraquat toxicity in the rat.
general population
(136 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
HRQoL (9 times)
CI (8 times)
CF (7 times)
1994 Detection by the CAGE of alcoholism or heavy drinking in primary care outpatients and the general population.
gutta-percha
(129 times)
Dentistry
(95 times)
MTA (12 times)
CBCT (5 times)
CHX (5 times)
1986 Establishment of an improved implantation technique for hamster mucous membrane irritation testing.
genetic programming
(121 times)
Biology
(25 times)
GA (12 times)
ANNs (7 times)
RMSE (5 times)
1997 Probabilistic incremental program evolution
10  Gaussian process
(112 times)
Medical Informatics
(28 times)
SVM (10 times)
PLS (8 times)
AD (4 times)
2001 Gaussian process: an efficient technique to solve quantitative structure-property relationship problems.
11  ganglionated plexi
(102 times)
Cardiology
(69 times)
AF (76 times)
PV (19 times)
PVI (14 times)
2005 Electrical stimulation to identify neural elements on the heart: their role in atrial fibrillation.
12  generalized polarization
(77 times)
Biophysics
(30 times)
DMPC (5 times)
AChR (4 times)
DPH (4 times)
1992 Membrane aging during cell growth ascertained by Laurdan generalized polarization.
13  gemcitabine and cisplatin
(66 times)
Neoplasms
(41 times)
NSCLC (28 times)
OS (22 times)
PFS (18 times)
2000 A three-week schedule of gemcitabine-cisplatin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with two different cisplatin dose levels: a phase II randomized trial.
14  Gram-positive
(59 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
GN (43 times)
PLFA (5 times)
PCA (4 times)
1988 Susceptibility of fibronectin to degradation by various gram-negative and gram-positive oral micro-organisms.
15  glucose production
(56 times)
Metabolism
(17 times)
GNG (6 times)
GU (6 times)
FFA (3 times)
1978 Effect of glucagon on glucose production during insulin deficiency in the dog.
16  gastroparesis
(50 times)
Gastroenterology
(30 times)
GES (13 times)
GI (5 times)
GE (4 times)
1999 Refractory spinal cord injury induced gastroparesis: resolution with erythromycin lactobionate, a case report.
17  glycerophosphate
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
CS (5 times)
DHAP (3 times)
HA (3 times)
1975 Circular dichroism and fluorescence studies on the binding of ligands to the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase.
18  gas production
(48 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(28 times)
DM (16 times)
VFA (6 times)
CP (5 times)
1998 The effect of in vitro fermentation on specific gravity and sedimentation measurements of forage particles.
19  genipin
(47 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
EDC (4 times)
GA (4 times)
GTA (4 times)
1988 Choleretic actions of iridoid compounds.
20  gas permeable
(46 times)
Optometry
(23 times)
OK (7 times)
CW (4 times)
CL (3 times)
1988 Flexibility of hard gas permeable contact lenses.
21  growth plate
(46 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
ECM (4 times)
RA (4 times)
SP (4 times)
1984 Control of protein degradation and growth phase in normal and neoplastic cells.
22  beta-glycerophosphate
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
A-A (7 times)
AA (7 times)
ALP (7 times)
1983 Intrauterine malnutrition in the rat: alterations of fetal glycerol metabolism.
23  glycolytic potential
(34 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
LD (4 times)
SM (4 times)
DL (3 times)
1996 Effect of the RN gene on technological and sensory meat quality in crossbred pigs with Hampshire as terminal sire.
24  graphene paper
(29 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
IL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
2005 Dietary grape supplement ameliorates cerebral ischemia-induced neuronal death in gerbils.
25  general physicians
(28 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
BP (2 times)
HCU (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1989 [The relation of the adolescent and the pediatrician].
26  grape pomace
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
TP (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
HFF (2 times)
2007 Effect of dietary grape pomace and vitamin E on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and susceptibility to meat lipid oxidation in chickens.
27  Greulich-Pyle
(28 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
CA (10 times)
BA (8 times)
TW (5 times)
1988 The results of short-term (6 months) high-dose testosterone treatment on bone age and adult height in boys of excessively tall stature.
28  Greulich and Pyle
(26 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
BA (7 times)
CA (6 times)
TW (5 times)
1994 Reproducibility of bone ages when performed by radiology registrars: an audit of Tanner and Whitehouse II versus Greulich and Pyle methods.
29  Gynostemma pentaphyllum
(26 times)
Complementary Therapies
(8 times)
GK (2 times)
GPS (2 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
1993 [Antithrombotic effect of Gynostemma pentaphyllum].
30  Gangliocytic paraganglioma
(25 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
NET (4 times)
SYN (2 times)
CgA (1 time)
1989 Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Report of a case and review of the literature.
31  glucose polymer
(24 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
CHO (3 times)
CAF (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
1979 Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance.
32  Goodpasture
(24 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
GBM (14 times)
ELISA (2 times)
ABM (1 time)
1981 Distribution of glomerular basement membrane antigens in diseased human kidneys.
33  genomic prediction
(23 times)
Genetics
(16 times)
GWAS (5 times)
GBLUP (4 times)
SNP (4 times)
2015 Upweighting rare favourable alleles increases long-term genetic gain in genomic selection programs.
34  Gleason pattern
(23 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
GS (11 times)
PCa (7 times)
ISUP (5 times)
2001 Primary Gleason pattern as a predictor of disease progression in gleason score 7 prostate cancer: a multivariate analysis of 823 men treated with radical prostatectomy.
35  Gross-Pitaevskii
(22 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
BEC (4 times)
BECs (4 times)
CW (2 times)
2000 Numerical study of the spherically symmetric gross-pitaevskii equation in two space dimensions
36  geometric phase
(21 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
CI (6 times)
LVC (2 times)
AW (1 time)
2005 Geometric phase effects in the H+H2 reaction: quantum wave-packet calculations of integral and differential cross sections.
37  germination percentage
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
GR (3 times)
MGT (3 times)
Al (2 times)
2001 Dormancy, ABA content and sensitivity of a barley mutant to ABA application during seed development and after ripening.
38  glycopeptide
(20 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
NP (3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
OT (2 times)
1985 Inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity in rat corpora luteal tissue by glycopeptides of human chorionic gonadotropin and the alpha-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin.
39  genotype-phenotype
(18 times)
Biology
(9 times)
TF (2 times)
HP (1 time)
ncRNA (1 time)
2005 Parameterization of a nonlinear genotype to phenotype map using molecular networks.
40  Gliomatosis peritonei
(18 times)
Pathology
(7 times)
AFP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
1989 Gliomatosis peritonei in childhood and adolescence. Clinicopathological study of 13 cases including immunohistochemical findings.
41  ganglionic plexi
(17 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AF (12 times)
PVI (4 times)
ERP (2 times)
2008 Ablation of ganglionic plexi during combined surgery for atrial fibrillation.
42  glycophorin
(17 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
RBCs (3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
RBC (2 times)
1986 Active function of membrane receptors for enveloped viruses. I. Specific requirement for liposome-associated sialoglycolipids, but not sialoglycoproteins, to allow lysis of phospholipid vesicles by reconstituted Sendai viral envelopes.
43  general medical practitioner
(16 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
AMD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1999 Morbidity and Irish Catholic descent in Britain: relating health disadvantage to behaviour.
44  gamma probe
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
SN (5 times)
SLN (4 times)
LS (3 times)
2000 Vital dye and radiolabelled colloids--complement or alternative?
45  Geniposide
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
GST (4 times)
AFB1 (2 times)
AU (2 times)
1992 Inhibitory effect of geniposide on aflatoxin B1-induced DNA repair synthesis in primary cultured rat hepatocytes.
46  gabapentin
(14 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PB (4 times)
EA (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
1994 Limitation by gabapentin of high frequency action potential firing by mouse central neurons in cell culture.
47  garlic powder
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
GO (4 times)
BG (2 times)
HGP (2 times)
2000 Activities of garlic oil, garlic powder, and their diallyl constituents against Helicobacter pylori.
48  glycerophospholipid
(14 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
EPA (4 times)
PL (4 times)
PUFA (4 times)
2011 Multivariate statistical identification of human bladder carcinomas using ambient ionization imaging mass spectrometry.
49  gallstone pancreatitis
(13 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
ERCP (4 times)
CBD (2 times)
SURG (2 times)
1996 Admission factors can predict the need for ICU monitoring in gallstone pancreatitis.
50  genome profiling
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TGGE (2 times)
AFLP (1 time)
CCGFs (1 time)
2002 Commonly conserved genetic fragments revealed by genome profiling can serve as tracers of evolution.
51  gastric perforation
(12 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
GAP43 (2 times)
NGF (2 times)
DP (1 time)
1999 Gastric perforation in infants with oesophageal atresia and distal tracheo-oesophageal fistula.
52  gastroplasty
(12 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
RYGBP (2 times)
VLCD (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1982 Comparative effectiveness of gastric bypass and gastroplasty: a clinical study.
53  Gossypol
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TGF-beta1 (3 times)
CQ (2 times)
LP (2 times)
1993 Gossypol inhibits basal and estrogen-stimulated DNA synthesis in human breast carcinoma cells.
54  Grooved Pegboard
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IBL (2 times)
TWA (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1997 Differential contribution of current and cumulative indices of lead dose to neuropsychological performance by age.
55  growing pains
(12 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RLS (3 times)
BJHS (1 time)
DZ (1 time)
2004 Decreased pain threshold in children with growing pains.
56  Gypenoside
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
I/R (4 times)
OGD/R (2 times)
4-VO (1 time)
2000 Protective effect of gypenosides on DNA and RNA of rat neurons in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.
57  general-purpose
(11 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(7 times)
HR (6 times)
CV (2 times)
FOV (2 times)
1989 Radionuclide equilibrium ventriculography in infants and children using converging collimator.
58  generalized peritonitis
(11 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
LP (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
OT (2 times)
1989 Clinical and laboratory characterization of early onset periodontitis.
59  granulomatous prostatitis
(11 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
BCG (3 times)
DWI (2 times)
T2WI (2 times)
1991 Granulomatous prostatitis: a spectrum including nonspecific, infectious, and spindle cell lesions.
60  Groove pancreatitis
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
PD (2 times)
CA19-9 (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2007 Groove pancreatitis associated with true pancreatic cyst.
61  general primer
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HPV (6 times)
PCR (6 times)
CIN (3 times)
1992 Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in esophageal carcinoma in Japan by polymerase chain reaction.
62  glossopharyngeal
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CT (3 times)
HPs (3 times)
DPs (2 times)
1988 Naloxone enhances the response to hypercapnia of spinal and cranial respiratory nerves.
63  grass pollen
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
HDM (5 times)
BALF (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1988 Modification of the late asthmatic reaction by hyposensitization in asthmatic children allergic to house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) or grass pollen.
64  chitosan-glycerol phosphate
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
GAG (1 time)
2002 Irradiating or autoclaving chitosan/polyol solutions: effect on thermogelling chitosan-beta-glycerophosphate systems.
65  general paresis
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CSF (4 times)
RPR (4 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2011 The clinical presentation and imaging manifestation of psychosis and dementia in general paresis: a retrospective study of 116 cases.
66  glycopyrrolate
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
FF (6 times)
COPD (5 times)
MDI (4 times)
1996 Comparison of nebulized glycopyrrolate and metaproterenol in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
67  glyphosate
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
OPs (2 times)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2007 Chemical exposure among NZ farmers.
68  guttate psoriasis
(9 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
CPP (3 times)
AMPs (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
2001 Contrasting patterns of streptococcal superantigen-induced T-cell proliferation in guttate vs. chronic plaque psoriasis.
69  gastric polyps
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
GC (2 times)
GU (2 times)
BE (1 time)
1989 Is there an association between gastric polyps and colonic neoplasms?
70  glans penis
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
CC (3 times)
CM (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1998 The mechanism of ejaculation: the glans-vasal and urethromuscular reflexes.
71  glomerulopathies
(8 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
aHUS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
DGS (1 time)
1980 [Chronically occurring glomerular nephropathies in children (the morphological and immunological characteristics and morphogenetic problems)].
72  Goldmann perimetry
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
VA (3 times)
EDS (2 times)
VRQoL (2 times)
1991 Pituitary adenomas: automatic static perimetry and Goldmann perimetry. A comparative study of 345 visual field charts.
73  good prognosis
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
PP (6 times)
AUC (1 time)
bp (1 time)
1983 Treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Malaysia, 1976-1982.
74  graphene
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
A2P (1 time)
AA (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2010 Fabrication of a biocompatible and conductive platform based on a single-stranded DNA/graphene nanocomposite for direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis.
75  graphite
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ALP (4 times)
CNTs (3 times)
BPA (2 times)
2007 Carbon nanotubes as scaffolds for cell culture and effect on cellular functions.
76  gastric plication
(7 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
SG (5 times)
RYGB (2 times)
DIOS (1 time)
2013 Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric plication in the rat result in weight loss with different endocrine profiles.
77  genital prolapse
(7 times)
Urologic Diseases
(2 times)
BN (2 times)
RP (2 times)
SUI (2 times)
1994 Pudendal reflexes in women with pelvic floor disorders.
78  glucose-6-phosphatase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
2,6DANT (1 time)
2-DG (1 time)
2ADNT (1 time)
1989 [Electron histochemical characteristics of laser necrosis].
79  glycine-proline
(7 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GA (3 times)
GR (3 times)
DPR (2 times)
2013 Dynamic conformational switching in the chemokine ligand is essential for G-protein-coupled receptor activation.
80  growth potential
(7 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FGR (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1985 Control of Seed Germination by Abscisic Acid : III. Effect on Embryo Growth Potential (Minimum Turgor Pressure) and Growth Coefficient (Cell Wall Extensibility) in Brassica napus L.
81  gas phase
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AIM (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ChelpG (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of genotoxic and non-genotoxic effects of organic air pollution using in vitro bioassays.
82  gel precipitation
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CSF (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
HI (2 times)
1975 Antibody response to Epstein-Barr virus in infectious mononucleosis.
83  geometric pattern
(6 times)
Physics
(2 times)
SP (2 times)
AH (1 time)
APTHT (1 time)
1995 [Relationship of average level and variability of blood pressure with the geometry of the left ventricle in systemic hypertension].
84  germ plasm
(6 times)
Embryology
(4 times)
Buc (2 times)
PGCs (2 times)
Bb (1 time)
1989 Monoclonal antibody production against a subcellular fraction of vegetal pole cytoplasm containing the germ plasm of Xenopus 2-cell eggs.
85  gestational proteinuria
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
PE (4 times)
sEng (2 times)
GH (1 time)
2009 Serum sFlt1:PlGF ratio, PlGF, and soluble endoglin levels in gestational proteinuria.
86  Girard P
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ES (2 times)
CTX (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
2004 High-energy collision-induced dissociation of oxosteroids derivatised to Girard hydrazones.
87  glycated protein
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AGEs (1 time)
CJD (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
1988 Glycosylation of proteins. Lack of influence of aging.
88  goal programming
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AHP (1 time)
EGP (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
1997 A linear goal programming model for human resource allocation in a health-care organization.
89  Goodpasture syndrome
(6 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
ALC (1 time)
anti-Col IV (1 time)
anti-GBM (1 time)
1993 Heterogeneity of antibodies in Goodpasture syndrome reacting with type IV collagen.
90  gradient projection
(6 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
IPF (2 times)
MWP (2 times)
ABOCS (1 time)
2007 Stability analysis and the stabilization of a class of discrete-time dynamic neural networks.
91  growth patterns
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CRC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
CA9 (1 time)
2012 The histological growth pattern of colorectal cancer liver metastases has prognostic value.
92  growth-promoting
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
KCs (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
2004 Enhancement of the blood growth promoting activity after exposure of volunteers to visible and infrared polarized light. Part I: stimulation of human keratinocyte proliferation in vitro.
93  gallbladder polyps
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
aHR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IRR (1 time)
2008 Ultrasonographically detected gallbladder polyps: a reason for concern? A seven-year follow-up study.
94  gelatin particles
(5 times)
Reproduction
(2 times)
UAE (3 times)
TAGM (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2007 [New porous gelatin particles for hepatic arterial embolization--investigation of passage through current microcatheters].
95  generalized Poisson
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NB (3 times)
AVB (1 time)
GQ (1 time)
1994 Applicability of alternative models of revertant variance to Ames-test data for 121 mutagenic carcinogens.
96  generalized polarization function
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
GUVs (4 times)
POPC (2 times)
ANS (1 time)
2000 Two photon fluorescence microscopy of coexisting lipid domains in giant unilamellar vesicles of binary phospholipid mixtures.
97  ginseng polysaccharide
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
B-Group (1 time)
CK (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2012 Protective effect of ginseng polysaccharides on influenza viral infection.
98  glucan phosphate
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CLP (2 times)
EMSA (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
3)-beta-D-glucan rapidly induces cardioprotection. -->2004 Modulating Toll-like receptor mediated signaling by (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan rapidly induces cardioprotection.
99  glycemic profiles
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
OGTT (3 times)
GI (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2008 Influence of lower cutoff values for 100-g oral glucose tolerance test and glycemic profile for identification of pregnant women at excessive fetal growth risk.
100  glycerol phosphate disodium salt
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
BSA-FITC (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2012 [Effects of injectable chitosan/beta-glycerol phosphate disodium/collagen scaffold on the growth and differentiation of myoblasts].