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Abbreviation: GPE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glycerophosphoethanolamine
(84 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
GPC (64 times)
PE (36 times)
PC (27 times)
1975 Stimulation and inhibition of anti-hapten responses in guinea pigs immunized with hybrid liposomes.
global perceived effect
(74 times)
Orthopedics
(21 times)
VAS (15 times)
NRS (13 times)
QOL (8 times)
2003 What is a meaningful pain reduction in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type 1?
gel polymer electrolyte
(26 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
LIBs (4 times)
PVDF-HFP (3 times)
CGPE (2 times)
2013 Electrochemical properties of lithium powder anode cell with gel polymer electrolyte and lithium trivanadate cathode.
grape pomace extract
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
IL (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
1997 In vitro effect of garlic powder extract on lipid content in normal and atherosclerotic human aortic cells.
glycine-proline-glutamate
(18 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IGF-1 (4 times)
CNS (2 times)
cPG (2 times)
1999 The IGF-I amino-terminal tripeptide glycine-proline-glutamate (GPE) is neuroprotective to striatum in the quinolinic acid lesion animal model of Huntington's disease.
guinea pig embryo
(15 times)
Virology
(13 times)
GPCMV (7 times)
DHPG (2 times)
GPRV (2 times)
1975 Infection of guinea-pig embryo cells with varicella-zoster virus.
Germplasm Evaluation
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
PL (3 times)
HA (2 times)
USMARC (2 times)
1998 Germplasm evaluation in beef cattle-cycle IV: birth and weaning traits.
Gross-Pitaevskii equation
(10 times)
Physics
(4 times)
BECs (1 time)
min (1 time)
NOL (1 time)
2005 Matter-wave solitons in nonlinear optical lattices.
global precedence effect
(8 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
ERP (2 times)
LPE (1 time)
VWM (1 time)
2008 What does the nature of the stimuli tell us about the Global Precedence Effect?
10  guinea pig erythrocytes
(8 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
PBL (2 times)
CNBr (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1976 Haemagglutination of twitching Streptococcus sanguis.
11  glycidyl phenyl ether
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
BDH (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
BQH (1 time)
1998 A Novel Synthesis of Poly(ester-alt-sulfide)s by the Ring-Opening Alternating Copolymerization of Oxiranes with gamma-Thiobutyrolactone Using Quaternary Onium Salts or Crown Ether Complexes as Catalysts.
12  grass pollen extract
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
AECs (1 time)
alum (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1979 [Correlation of skin test to grass pollen with basophil degranulation test results in 72 patients (author's transl)].
13  Global Perceived Effect scale
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
EQ (1 time)
IHOT-33 (1 time)
2006 Minimal clinically important change for pain intensity, functional status, and general health status in patients with nonspecific low back pain.
14  gaze position error
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SC (4 times)
OPNs (2 times)
SCFNs (1 time)
2002 In multiple-step gaze shifts: omnipause (OPNs) and collicular fixation neurons encode gaze position error; OPNs gate saccades.
15  glycophorin E
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
GPA (2 times)
Ge (1 time)
GPB (1 time)
1990 Identification of a novel human glycophorin, glycophorin E, by isolation of genomic clones and complementary DNA clones utilizing polymerase chain reaction.
16  green propolis extract
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
ARC (2 times)
CAPE (2 times)
BPE (1 time)
2008 Antimicrobial activity of the extract and isolated compounds from Baccharis dracunculifolia D. C. (Asteraceae).
17  globus pallidus externus
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DBS (2 times)
GPi (2 times)
STN (2 times)
2005 Electrophysiological characteristics of limbic and motor globus pallidus internus (GPI) neurons in two cases of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
18  graphite paste electrode
(3 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2016 Highly selective electrode for potentiometric analysis of methadone in biological fluids and pharmaceutical formulations.
19  gravitational potential energy
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
KE (3 times)
COM (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2005 Giant Galapagos tortoises walk without inverted pendulum mechanical-energy exchange.
20  alkenylacyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
1978 The effects of chronic ethanol administration on acyl group composition of mitochondrial phospholipids from guinea pig adrenal.
21  gag-pol-env
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
MoMLV (1 time)
1997 Defective herpes simplex virus type 1 vectors harboring gag, pol, and env genes can be used to rescue defective retrovirus vectors.
22  general physical education
(2 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(2 times)
APE (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ATIPDPE (1 time)
2002 An Inclusion Instrument Based on Planned Behavior Theory for Prospective Physical Educators.
23  giant proximity effect
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Co (1 time)
2004 Giant proximity effect in cuprate superconductors.
24  global perceived effectiveness
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EQ-5D (1 time)
LS scale (1 time)
NORspine (1 time)
2010 Prognostic indicators of poor short-term outcome of physiotherapy intervention in women with stress urinary incontinence.
25  glycerol polyglycidyl ether
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GA (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1988 Reduction of the antigenicity and immunogenicity of xenografts by a new cross-linking reagent.
26  glycerophospholipid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GPC (2 times)
pcy (1 time)
PI (1 time)
1992 Abnormal lipid and fatty acid compositions of kidneys from mice with polycystic kidney disease.
27  glycidyl propargyl ether
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EDX (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
IMAC (1 time)
2013 Propargyl-functional aliphatic polycarbonate obtained from carbon dioxide and glycidyl propargyl ether.
28  grape polyphenol extract
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DND (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2009 Oral administration of grape polyphenol extract ameliorates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-induced neuronal damage and behavioral deficits in gerbils: comparison of pre- and post-ischemic administration.
29  grape pomace
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BHT (1 time)
GSE (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2012 Mycoflora and ochratoxin a control in wheat grain using natural extracts obtained from wine industry by-products.
30  group psychoeducation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2007 Effects of group psychoeducation (GPE) on compliance with scheduled clinic appointments in a neuro-psychiatric hospital in southwest Nigeria: a randomised control trial (RCT).
31  group-based patient education
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BGCSES (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
TMSI (1 time)
2017 Anxiety and depression symptoms among women attending group-based patient education courses for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer.
32  guinea pig
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
FeLV (1 time)
LL (1 time)
1976 Characterization of feline T-and B-lymphocytes and identification of an experimentally induced T-cell neoplasm in the cat.
33  1-alkenyl(alkyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1990 Ether lysophospholipid-induced production of platelet-activating factor in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
34  1-alkyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylethanolamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AEPL (1 time)
CAEP (1 time)
COPE (1 time)
1979 Biochemical studies of the excitable membrane of Paramecium tetraurelia. II. Phospholipids of ciliary and other membranes.
35  1-O-alk-1'-enyl-2-acyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PUFA (1 time)
1993 1-O-alk-1'-enyl-2-acyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine content and molecular species composition in fish brain.
36  1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 Evidence for receptor and G-protein regulation of a phosphatidylethanolamine-hydrolysing phospholipase A1 in guinea-pig heart microsomes: stimulation of phospholipase A1 activity by DL-isoprenaline and guanine nucleotides.
37  containing phenolic extract of guabiroba
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2018 Effect of nanoencapsulation using PLGA on antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of guabiroba fruit phenolic extract.
38  G. pentaphyllum ethanol extract
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Potential hypoglycemic effect of an ethanol extract of Gynostemma pentaphyllum in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice.
39  G. perfoliata
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GGE (1 time)
HRMS (1 time)
UHPLC (1 time)
2018 Chemical characterization with in vitro biological activities of Gypsophila species.
40  gag-pol and env
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1999 Single-step conversion of cells to retrovirus vector producers with herpes simplex virus-Epstein-Barr virus hybrid amplicons.
41  gait pattern estimator
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 A strategy for labeling data for the neural adaptation of a powered lower limb prosthesis.
42  Gait Phase Estimator
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2016 An adaptive and robust online method to predict gait events.
43  galactosylated poly(ethylene glycol)-graft-polyethylenimine derivative
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
pDNA (1 time)
PEI-Et (1 time)
2013 Hepatocyte-targeting gene transfer mediated by galactosylated poly(ethylene glycol)-graft-polyethylenimine derivative.
44  garlic powder
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1995 Direct anti-atherosclerosis-related effects of garlic.
45  gas phase enrichment
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
AFS (1 time)
CRMs (1 time)
2018 In Situ Dielectric Barrier Discharge Trap for Ultrasensitive Arsenic Determination by Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry.
46  Geisser's predictive mean square error
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
GCV (1 time)
GPP (1 time)
2001 Predictive approaches for choosing hyperparameters in gaussian processes.
47  gemcitabine and cisplatin with everolimus
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
MTD (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2018 Phase I/II clinical trial of everolimus combined with gemcitabine/cisplatin for metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.
48  general PE
(1 time)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
2015 Beliefs of chinese physical educators on teaching students with disabilities in general physical education classes.
49  general perceived empathy
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
PCE (1 time)
2015 The link between perception of clinical empathy and nonverbal behavior: The effect of a doctor's gaze and body orientation.
50  general physical exam
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2006 Health maintenance and screening in breast cancer survivors in the United States.
51  General physical examination
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EPT (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2012 Clonazepam in the treatment of essential palatal tremors.
52  general physical examination outside cancer center
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HCT (1 time)
2008 Health care utilization by adult Hispanic long-term survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: report from the Bone Marrow Transplant Survivor Study.
53  Generalized Parsimonious Explanation
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
2008 Interrogating domain-domain interactions with parsimony based approaches.
54  Generalized Poisson Equation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
VASP (1 time)
VASP-MGCM (1 time)
2016 Multigrid-Based Methodology for Implicit Solvation Models in Periodic DFT.
55  giant proerythroblasts
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
PRCA (1 time)
1998 Novel cytomorphology of the giant proerythroblasts of parvovirus B19 infection.
56  global patient satisfaction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2008 Cooled radiofrequency system for the treatment of chronic pain from sacroiliitis: the first case-series.
57  global political economy
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2015 International migration of health professionals and the marketization and privatization of health education in India: from push-pull to global political economy.
58  global positive expectancies
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Global positive expectancies in adolescence and health-related behaviours: longitudinal models of latent growth and cross-lagged effects.
59  global precedence
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Hemispheric lateralisation and global precedence effects in the processing of visual stimuli by humans and baboons (Papio papio).
60  glomerular parietal epithelium
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
ESKD (1 time)
HPK (1 time)
2017 Progression of renal fibrosis in congenital CKD model rats with reduced number of nephrons.
61  glycerophospholipid class containing ethanolamine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EETs (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1997 Analysis of epoxyeicosatrienoic and monohydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids esterified to phospholipids in human red blood cells by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.
62  glycine-proline-glutamic acid
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AMPA (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
NBQX (1 time)
2004 Simultaneous neuroprotection and blockade of inflammation reverses autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
63  glycol polyethylenimine nanoparticles
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AGT (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
sh (1 time)
2015 Nanoparticle-mediated RNA interference of angiotensinogen decreases blood pressure and improves myocardial remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
64  GlycoPep Evaluator
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
ETD (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
2014 New glycoproteomics software, GlycoPep Evaluator, generates decoy glycopeptides de novo and enables accurate false discovery rate analysis for small data sets.
65  Goat production efficiency
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Estimation of goat production potential and efficiency in the resource-poor communal areas of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.
66  gold plate electrode
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2012 A simple gold plate electrode modified with Gd-doped TiO₂ nanoparticles used for determination of trace nitrite in cured food.
67  GP extract
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
LFD (1 time)
2018 Grape proanthocyanidin-induced intestinal bloom of Akkermansia muciniphila is dependent on its baseline abundance and precedes activation of host genes related to metabolic health.
68  GPE 1-3 pseudotripeptides are synthetic derivatives of Gly-l-Pro-l-Glu
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel analogues of Gly-l-Pro-l-Glu (GPE) as neuroprotective agents.
69  Grade Point Equivalent
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2017 Examining the predictors of academic outcomes for indigenous Maori, Pacific and rural students admitted into medicine via two equity pathways: a retrospective observational study at the University of Auckland, Aotearoa New Zealand.
70  graded physical exercise
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
BA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1991 [The therapeutic potentials of magnesium sulfate in bronchial asthma].
71  grain protein extracts
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Aspergillus ficuum phytase activity is inhibited by cereal grain components.
72  grains per ear
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
EW (1 time)
GY (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2017 The roles of pleiotropy and close linkage as revealed by association mapping of yield and correlated traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
73  grape phenolic extract
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 A phenolic extract from grape by-products and its main hydroxybenzoic acids protect Caco-2 cells against pro-oxidant induced toxicity.
74  grape polyphenols
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2014 Grape polyphenols and propolis mixture inhibits inflammatory mediator release from human leukocytes and reduces clinical scores in experimental arthritis.
75  grape pomace ethanol extract
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
OFE (1 time)
2013 Combined ethanol extract of grape pomace and omija fruit ameliorates adipogenesis, hepatic steatosis, and inflammation in diet-induced obese mice.
76  grape powder
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
IL (1 time)
IRS (1 time)
2011 Quercetin attenuates inflammation in human macrophages and adipocytes exposed to macrophage-conditioned media.
77  graphene doped carbon paste electrode
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
LACC (1 time)
TYR (1 time)
2014 Sensitive bi-enzymatic biosensor based on polyphenoloxidases-gold nanoparticles-chitosan hybrid film-graphene doped carbon paste electrode for carbamates detection.
78  graphene-paper electrode
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
2013 Cellulosic binder-assisted formation of graphene-paper electrode with flat surface and porous internal structure.
79  grass pollen
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2012 Comparison of Timothy grass pollen extract- and single major allergen-induced gene expression and mediator release in airway epithelial cells: a meta-analysis.
80  Graviola pulp extract
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NOX (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2016 Graviola inhibits hypoxia-induced NADPH oxidase activity in prostate cancer cells reducing their proliferation and clonogenicity.
81  greater park ecosystem
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EOSD (1 time)
meters per hectare (1 time)
2010 Characterizing the forest fragmentation of Canada's national parks.
82  green papaya epicarp
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2008 Effect of green and ripe Carica papaya epicarp extracts on wound healing and during pregnancy.
83  green propolis
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2009 In vitro antileishmanial, antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activities of phenolics and triterpenoids from Baccharis dracunculifolia D. C. (Asteraceae).
84  GSTP enhancer
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DADS (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
DATS (1 time)
2005 Garlic organosulfur compounds upregulate the expression of the pi class of glutathione S-transferase in rat primary hepatocytes.
85  guinea pig esophagus
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BPF (1 time)
IF (1 time)
ME (1 time)
1987 Substrate specificity of anti-epithelial antibodies of pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus sera in immunofluorescence tests on monkey and guinea pig esophagus sections.
86  guinea pigs embryonic cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HEC (1 time)
VZV (1 time)
1996 A varicella vaccine stable at 5 degrees C.
87  gum-phase extraction
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EGPE (1 time)
OTT (1 time)
SBSE (1 time)
2002 Sorptive sample preparation -- a review.
88  Gynostemma pentaphyllum extract
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MCD (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
NASH (1 time)
2018 Gypenoside UL4-Rich Gynostemma pentaphyllum Extract Exerts a Hepatoprotective Effect on Diet-Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
89  Gynura procumbens ethanolic extract
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MTT (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 Gynura procumbens ethanolic extract suppresses osteosarcoma cell proliferation and metastasis in vitro.
90  Gynura procumbens extract
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 Gynura procumbens extract improves insulin sensitivity and suppresses hepatic gluconeogenesis in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice.
91  gypenosides
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GSP (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2009 A combination of grape seed-derived procyanidins and gypenosides alleviates insulin resistance in mice and HepG2 cells.