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Abbreviation: GR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glucocorticoid receptor
(5182 times)
Endocrinology
(943 times)
MR (620 times)
HPA (445 times)
DEX (441 times)
1978 Effects of prednisolone in 6 cases of glucocorticoid receptor-positive CLL.
glutathione reductase
(2808 times)
Toxicology
(575 times)
SOD (1357 times)
CAT (1182 times)
GPx (1182 times)
1969 Effect of flavin compounds on glutathione reductase activity: in vivo and in vitro studies.
glucocorticoid
(261 times)
Neurology
(57 times)
MR (166 times)
AR (49 times)
PR (48 times)
1984 Steroid receptors in intracranial tumors.
gingival recession
(221 times)
Dentistry
(184 times)
CAL (109 times)
PD (105 times)
PI (56 times)
1989 [Etiology of gingival recessions].
GC receptor
(206 times)
Endocrinology
(47 times)
GC (107 times)
GCs (94 times)
DEX (28 times)
1993 Alterations in glucocorticoid inducible RNAs in the limbic system of learned helpless rats.
graphene
(168 times)
Nanotechnology
(49 times)
GO (16 times)
CILE (9 times)
GCE (9 times)
2010 A novel nitromethane biosensor based on biocompatible conductive redox graphene-chitosan/hemoglobin/graphene/room temperature ionic liquid matrix.
growth rate
(93 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
LPD (11 times)
CI (5 times)
MPD (5 times)
1983 Protein levels and monensin for growing and finishing steers.
glyphosate-resistant
(85 times)
Toxicology
(38 times)
GS (17 times)
AMPA (10 times)
EPSPS (10 times)
2002 Tolerance and accumulation of shikimic acid in response to glyphosate applications in glyphosate-resistant and nonglyphosate-resistant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
good responders
(62 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
PR (40 times)
CR (5 times)
CRT (5 times)
1982 Nonrenal clearance of furosemide as a cause of diuretic response variability in the rat.
10  GSH reductase
(41 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
GPx (17 times)
GST (10 times)
SOD (7 times)
1983 Changes in activities of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase during chemical hepatocarcinogenesis in the rat.
11  glycemic response
(32 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(26 times)
GI (16 times)
iAUC (5 times)
IR (4 times)
2006 Reproducibility of a glycemic response to mixed meals in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
12  growing rod
(32 times)
Orthopedics
(24 times)
EOS (9 times)
MCGR (3 times)
VEPTR (3 times)
2010 The effect of posterior distraction on vertebral growth in immature pigs: an experimental simulation of growing rod technique.
13  gastroretentive
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
GE (6 times)
IR (4 times)
CP (3 times)
1975 Cancer of the gastric stump following operations for benign gastric or duodenal ulcers.
14  good recovery
(25 times)
Neurosurgery
(13 times)
MD (15 times)
SD (12 times)
VS (8 times)
1981 Frontal leukotomy size and hemispheric asymmetries on computerized tomographic scans of schizophrenics with variable recovery. Northampton Veterans Administration study.
15  granulocyte
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
Mo (8 times)
PL (5 times)
WBC (4 times)
1980 Digital integration of granulocyte aggregation responses. A simple and reproducible method for the quantitation of granulocyte adhesiveness.
16  gamma-radiation
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RF (4 times)
AR (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1984 Molecular signals in antigen presentation. II. Activation of cytolytic cells in vitro after ultraviolet radiation or combined gamma and ultraviolet radiation treatment of antigen-presenting cells.
17  Gardner-Robertson
(23 times)
Neurosurgery
(13 times)
VS (9 times)
SRS (7 times)
VSs (5 times)
2003 Hearing loss in acoustic neuromas following stereotactic radiotherapy.
18  general relativity
(23 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
GW (2 times)
CDM (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
2001 Deflection of spacecraft trajectories as a new test of general relativity.
19  Glycyrrhizae Radix
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
PR (4 times)
SAEIA (4 times)
ROS (3 times)
1989 The existence of aldose reductase inhibitors in some kampo medicines (Oriental herb prescriptions).
20  glycyrrhizin
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
DBSP (2 times)
ICG (2 times)
LG (2 times)
1991 The protective effect of glycyrrhizin against injury of the liver caused by ischemia-reperfusion.
21  glucagon receptor
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
C1-inh (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
EX (1 time)
1994 Increase in stimulatory G protein and glucagon-responsive adenylate cyclase activity in rat liver following partial hepatectomy.
22  graft rejection
(18 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
GVHD (6 times)
BMT (5 times)
aGVHD (4 times)
1995 Elevated inflammatory cytokine levels in bone marrow graft rejection.
23  growth-restricted
(18 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CPI (7 times)
AGA (4 times)
dg (3 times)
1988 Protein energy malnutrition and taurine supplementation: effects on vitamin A nutritional status and electroretinogram of young rats.
24  gemcitabine-resistant
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
EMT (8 times)
HCC (4 times)
miRNAs (4 times)
2009 Acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype of gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cells is linked with activation of the notch signaling pathway.
25  grade of recommendation
(16 times)
Urology
(6 times)
LOE (5 times)
EAU (4 times)
LE (4 times)
2007 A systematic review of intervention studies about anxiety in caregivers of people with dementia.
26  Gloeobacter rhodopsin
(15 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
bR (3 times)
PR (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2010 Low-temperature FTIR study of Gloeobacter rhodopsin: presence of strongly hydrogen-bonded water and long-range structural protein perturbation upon retinal photoisomerization.
27  green rust
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
EC (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
cis-DCE (1 time)
2003 Kinetics and structural constraints of chromate reduction by green rusts.
28  germination rate
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
GP (4 times)
GI (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
2000 The relationship between loci for mating system and fitness-related traits in Mimulus (Scrophulariaceae): a test for deleterious pleiotropy of QTLs with large effects.
29  gamma ray
(13 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
EB (4 times)
SA (3 times)
EMS (2 times)
2010 Effects of gamma irradiation and electron beam irradiation on quality, sensory, and bacterial populations in beef sausage patties.
30  germinant receptor
(12 times)
Bacteriology
(6 times)
CaDPA (2 times)
aw (1 time)
BHI (1 time)
2011 Host serum factor triggers germination of Clostridium perfringens spores lacking the cortex hydrolysis machinery.
31  gracilis
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ST (8 times)
SM (3 times)
ACL (2 times)
1998 Corticofugal action on somatosensory response properties of rat nucleus gracilis cells.
32  growth restriction
(12 times)
Science
(2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AGA (1 time)
2007 Moderate growth restriction: deleterious and protective effects on white matter damage.
33  beta-glucuronidase
(11 times)
Internal Medicine
(4 times)
AP (5 times)
NAG (5 times)
ACP (3 times)
1975 Beta-glucuronidase activity of lymphocytes in the premature infant with special reference to the fetal maturation stage.
34  gastrin receptors
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PG (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
BDL (1 time)
1985 Gastrin receptors in normal and malignant gastrointestinal mucosa: age-associated changes.
35  genu recurvatum
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
AKL (7 times)
GJL (4 times)
IER (3 times)
2010 Joint laxity is related to lower extremity energetics during a drop jump landing.
36  glucose restriction
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
AMPK (2 times)
HG (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
2008 Glucose restriction inhibits skeletal myoblast differentiation by activating SIRT1 through AMPK-mediated regulation of Nampt.
37  gefitinib-resistant
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NSCLC (5 times)
EGFR (2 times)
TKIs (2 times)
2008 Acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in cancer cells is mediated by loss of IGF-binding proteins.
38  gene rearrangement
(9 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
IgH (3 times)
TCR (3 times)
MALT (2 times)
1993 Immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor gene rearrangements in lesions of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue.
39  granulomas
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
LN (2 times)
SEA (2 times)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
1987 Characterization of regulatory (interferon-alpha/beta) and accessory (LAF/IL 1) monokine activities from liver granuloma macrophages of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice.
40  glutathione disulfide reductase
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GPx (6 times)
SOD (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
2001 Myocardial oxidative stress and antioxidants in hypertension as a result of nitric oxide synthase inhibition.
41  granular
(8 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
WP (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
1979 Isolation and separation of toad bladder epithelial cells.
42  Gastrodiae Rhizoma
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
CR (1 time)
CTHP (1 time)
DCXF (1 time)
2013 Phytochemical and pharmacological review of da chuanxiong formula: a famous herb pair composed of chuanxiong rhizoma and gastrodiae rhizoma for headache.
43  general rate
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ED (2 times)
POR (2 times)
SEB (2 times)
2005 Characterization of a peptide affinity support that binds selectively to staphylococcal enterotoxin B.
44  glycerol rhizotomy
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
TN (4 times)
MVD (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1997 Microvascular decompression and percutaneous rhizotomy in trigeminal neuralgia.
45  glycine-arginine
(7 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DPR (3 times)
FTD (3 times)
GA (3 times)
1998 A GR-motif functions in nuclear accumulation of the large FGF-2 isoforms and interferes with mitogenic signalling.
46  growth retardation
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AGA (1 time)
AGs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1999 Growth retardation in Turner syndrome: aneuploidy, rather than specific gene loss, may explain growth failure.
47  gastric residuals
(6 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
AFD (1 time)
B4 GR (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
1990 Enteral feeding in the hypoalbuminemic patient.
48  geminate rebinding
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
cyt c (2 times)
Mb (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2008 Dynamics of ligand rebinding to unfolded MbCO by guanidine HCl.
49  generalized regression
(6 times)
Food
(1 time)
CRC (2 times)
AICc (1 time)
BPSP (1 time)
2010 Creation of a tablet database containing several active ingredients and prediction of their pharmaceutical characteristics based on ensemble artificial neural networks.
50  glucocorticoid-receptor complex
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
ER (1 time)
GRE (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
1982 Physicochemical properties of the cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptor complex in HeLa S3 cells.
51  glucoraphanin
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
SFN (3 times)
SF (2 times)
BS (1 time)
2014 A new ultra-rapid UHPLC/MS/MS method for assessing glucoraphanin and sulforaphane bioavailability in human urine.
52  Glucose-responsive
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ATP (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
1992 Effects of temperature and neuroactive substances on hypothalamic neurones in vitro: possible implications for the induction of fever.
53  glyoxylate reductase
(6 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
PH2 (3 times)
D-GDH (2 times)
AGT (1 time)
1989 Identification of hydroxypyruvate and glyoxylate reductases in maize leaves.
54  Goeckerman regimen
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
CA (5 times)
PASI (5 times)
UV (2 times)
2006 Genotoxic effect of Goeckerman regimen of psoriasis.
55  Golden Ratio
(6 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HGS (1 time)
2015 More than a neuroanatomical representation in The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo Buonarroti, a representation of the Golden Ratio.
56  Golden Retriever
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
COMT (1 time)
GLRs (1 time)
2011 Muscular dystrophy in dogs: does the crossing of breeds influence disease phenotype?
57  Greece
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FI (2 times)
flaA (2 times)
PFGE (2 times)
2004 Microbiological evaluation of dental unit water systems in general dental practice in Europe.
58  ground
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
NG (2 times)
SSGs (2 times)
1999 Osteoblast fibronectin mRNA, protein synthesis, and matrix are unchanged after exposure to microgravity.
59  Galla Rhois
(5 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
GEGR (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2011 Intracellular replication inhibitory effects of Galla Rhois ethanol extract for Brucella abortus infection.
60  galvanic replacement
(5 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
NPs (2 times)
GRRs (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2012 Interface-dominated galvanic replacement reactions in the Zn/Cu2+ system.
61  gastrocnemius recession
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
TAL (3 times)
ADL (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2004 Outcome of gastrocnemius recession and tendo-achilles lengthening in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy.
62  generator replacement
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ICD (4 times)
LVEF (4 times)
CRT-D (2 times)
2016 Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator elective generator replacement: a procedure for all?
63  geriatric rehabilitation
(5 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
ABF (1 time)
2013 Relationship of patient volume and service concentration with outcome in geriatric rehabilitation.
64  glucocorticoid type II receptor
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1991 Potentiation of angiotensin II-induced drinking by glucocorticoids is a specific glucocorticoid type II receptor (GR)-mediated event.
65  glutathione reductase activity
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GPx (3 times)
GST (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
1996 High-performance liquid chromatographic resolution of NADP+ after induction of fluorescence and its application to assay for an NADPH-dependent enzyme: application to the determination of glutathione reductase activity in plant leaf extracts.
66  grand rounds
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
DS (1 time)
GRAA (1 time)
2002 The impact of re-engineering a multi-institutional residency program on resident perceptions of the individual institutions.
67  granule
(5 times)
Neuroanatomy
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
CA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1980 Development of chick paravertebral sympathetic ganglia. I. Fine structure and correlative histofluorescence of catecholaminergic cells.
68  growth-retarded
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
GN (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1988 Nutritional factors and growth in children with sickle cell disease.
69  genital ridge
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PGCs (2 times)
dpc (1 time)
DSDs (1 time)
1990 Genital ridges exert long-range effects on mouse primordial germ cell numbers and direction of migration in culture.
70  genotypic resistance
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HBV (3 times)
ADV (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
1984 Genetic resistance in the graft-versus-host reaction.
71  Gianturco-Roubin
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1994 Comparison of three coronary stents: clinical and angiographic outcome after elective placement in 134 consecutive patients.
72  Ginseng Radix
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CHM (1 time)
GS (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
1996 Effect of ginseng radix on GLUT2 protein content in mouse liver in normal and epinephrine-induced hyperglycemic mice.
73  glare ratio
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
LR (2 times)
CIL (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
2004 Assessment of flat panel LCD primary class display performance based on AAPM TG 18 acceptance protocol.
74  gliding resistance
(4 times)
Hand
(1 time)
FDP (1 time)
IWOF (1 time)
LTc (1 time)
2003 Gliding resistance versus work of flexion--two methods to assess flexor tendon repair.
75  Glutamate racemase
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
7HC (1 time)
BISA (1 time)
d-HCA (1 time)
2013 In silico optimization of a fragment-based hit yields biologically active, high-efficiency inhibitors for glutamate racemase.
76  glutathione peroxidase
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
SOD (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
POD (3 times)
2008 [Effect of body fat distribution on plasma lipids and oxidative stress in women aged 35 to 50 years].
77  glycogen-rich
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
FW (1 time)
GP (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2007 Regulation of glycogen metabolism in gills and liver of the euryhaline tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) during acclimation to seawater.
78  good risk
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PR (4 times)
EFS (2 times)
IR (2 times)
1986 Indications for different modes of surgical therapy in medically refractory ventricular arrhythmias.
79  gradient
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AT10PV (1 time)
BPV (1 time)
CON (1 time)
1991 [Percutaneous transluminal pulmonary valvuloplasty in children --5 years' experience].
80  granulomatous rosacea
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
IFAG (1 time)
LMDF (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
2011 Immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinases in the granulomatous rosacea compared with the non-granulomatous rosacea.
81  guild ratio
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2012 Antiscatter grids in mobile C-arm cone-beam CT: effect on image quality and dose.
82  reduced glutathione
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CAT (2 times)
GST (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
2012 Antenatal maternal corticosteroid administration and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in umbilical cord blood from very low birth weight preterm newborn infants.
83  alpha-galactosidase from Aspergillus terreus
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
2009 Purification and characterization of thermostable alpha-galactosidase from Aspergillus terreus (GR).
84  cortisol-glucocorticoid receptors
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DOC (1 time)
FW (1 time)
KLF (1 time)
2007 Prolactin receptor and proliferating/apoptotic cells in esophagus of the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) in fresh water and in seawater.
85  gastrocnemius
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GW (3 times)
CC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 Decreased muscle GLUT-4 and contraction-induced glucose transport after eccentric contractions.
86  geminate recombination
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BCPs (1 time)
CTSs (1 time)
D-A (1 time)
2013 Photoexcitation dynamics of NO-bound ferric myoglobin investigated by femtosecond vibrational spectroscopy.
87  gender ratio
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FSC (1 time)
2008 Peaks of solar cycles affect the gender ratio.
88  generation-recombination
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CNT (1 time)
eq (1 time)
FETs (1 time)
1967 Noise limitations in solid state photodetectors.
89  geographical reconnaissance
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
GIS (3 times)
GPS (2 times)
SDSS (2 times)
2010 Modern geographical reconnaissance of target populations in malaria elimination zones.
90  gingival margin
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (3 times)
EMD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1999 GTR with three different types of membranes in the treatment of intrabony periodontal defects: three-year results in sixty consecutive cases.
91  gingival recession height
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PD (3 times)
CAL (2 times)
KT (2 times)
2000 Treatment of gingival recession: comparative study between subepithelial connective tissue graft and guided tissue regeneration.
92  Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ATR (3 times)
KXS (3 times)
PO (3 times)
2015 Optimizing the compatibility of paired-herb in an ancient Chinese herbal decoction Kai-Xin-San in activating neurofilament expression in cultured PC12 cells.
93  glabellar reflex
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
UPDRS (1 time)
1983 Quantitative analysis of the glabellar reflex in patients with hemiplegic disorders.
94  global rating
(3 times)
Emergency Medical Services
(1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1995 An evaluation of four methods of assessing the behaviour of anxious child dental patients.
95  globular region
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
CLF (1 time)
CLR (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1991 Direct binding of complement component C1q to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human T lymphotrophic virus-I (HTLV-I) coinfected cells.
96  glottal resistance
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
MFR (3 times)
MPT (2 times)
PTF (2 times)
2012 Laryngeal aerodynamic analysis in assisting with the diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia.
97  glucocorticosteroid
(3 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CaMK (1 time)
1990 The non-DNA-binding heterooligomeric form of mammalian steroid hormone receptors contains a hsp90-bound 59-kilodalton protein.
98  glucose reintroduction
(3 times)
Cell Death
(1 time)
GD (2 times)
BHB (1 time)
D-BHB (1 time)
2014 Differential production of reactive oxygen species in distinct brain regions of hypoglycemic mice.
99  Gly-Arg
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
FTICR (1 time)
GGR (1 time)
2003 Hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein NS3 binds to Sm-D1, a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein associated with autoimmune disease.
100  gradient of risk
(3 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Assessment of the 10-year probability of osteoporotic hip fracture combining clinical risk factors and heel bone ultrasound: the EPISEM prospective cohort of 12,958 elderly women.