A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : GRA

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : GRA
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: GRA
Appearance Frequency: 407 time(s)
Long forms: 79

Display Settings:
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
grey relational analysis
(74 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
PCA (14 times)
AHP (8 times)
HPLC (7 times)
2005 Applications of gray relational analysis in gastroenterology.
glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism
(68 times)
Endocrinology
(22 times)
AME (10 times)
APA (6 times)
IHA (4 times)
1992 Hereditary hypertension caused by chimaeric gene duplications and ectopic expression of aldosterone synthase.
global response assessment
(61 times)
Urology
(33 times)
VAS (21 times)
IC/BPS (16 times)
OAB (8 times)
2006 Responsiveness of symptom scales for interstitial cystitis.
18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid
(19 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
Gan (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
ILF (2 times)
1991 Determination of glycyrrhetinic acid in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography.
graphene
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
CNTs (2 times)
CV (2 times)
EIS (2 times)
2012 Aptamer-based highly sensitive electrochemical detection of thrombin via the amplification of graphene.
granisetron
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
OND (5 times)
PALO (4 times)
CR (3 times)
1996 Comparison of granisetron, ondansetron, and tropisetron in the prophylaxis of acute nausea and vomiting induced by cisplatin for the treatment of head and neck cancer: a randomized controlled trial.
granule
(13 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(4 times)
PV (4 times)
PVM (3 times)
ROP (3 times)
2013 Expression of Toxoplasma gondii dense granule protein7 (GRA7) in Eimeria tenella.
glucoraphanin
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
SFN (4 times)
GNA (3 times)
GBN (2 times)
2002 Growth inhibition, cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in human T-cell leukemia by the isothiocyanate sulforaphane.
glycyrrhetinic acid
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
BA (2 times)
MICs (2 times)
UA (2 times)
1994 Analysis and pharmacokinetics of glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in humans and experimental animals.
10  glucocorticoid receptor antagonist
(6 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ANT (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
AAPDs (1 time)
2000 Apoptosis of testicular germ cells induced by exogenous glucocorticoid in rats.
11  great radicular artery
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
FPC (1 time)
FPCAR (1 time)
IAAD (1 time)
1994 Recovery from paraplegia following aortic saddle embolism. Case report.
12  glucagon receptor antagonist
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
Cit (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
IRA (1 time)
2007 Glucagon receptor antagonism improves islet function in mice with insulin resistance induced by a high-fat diet.
13  gracilis
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SM (3 times)
ADD (2 times)
ST (2 times)
2010 Effect of ractopamine-HCl supplementation for 28 days on carcass characteristics, muscle fiber morphometrics, and whole muscle yields of six distinct muscles of the loin and round.
14  gastrin receptor antagonist
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BSC (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1996 Pentagastrin selectively modulates levels of mRNAs encoding apical H/K adenosine triphosphatase and basolateral Na-K-Cl cotransporter in rat gastric fundic mucosa.
15  Girdlestone resection arthroplasty
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
PJI (2 times)
CF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Complication, Survival, and Reoperation Rates Following Girdlestone Resection Arthroplasty.
16  group reminiscence approach
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
QOL (2 times)
RO (2 times)
CDR (1 time)
2007 A randomized controlled trial of the group reminiscence approach in patients with vascular dementia.
17  gender role attitudes
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
GRAS (1 time)
PMS (1 time)
PMSS (1 time)
2018 Premenstrual syndrome in university students: its correlation with their attitudes toward gender roles.
18  Global Risk Analysis
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CSP (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2014 Improving safety in radiotherapy: the implementation of the Global Risk Analysis method.
19  gradient
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
WAV (3 times)
ARM (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
2009 Effects of magnetic resonance image interpolation on the results of texture-based pattern classification: a phantom study.
20  grassland
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AGR (1 time)
AGT (1 time)
DBF (1 time)
2019 Bacterial and Archaeal Communities Change With Intensity of Vegetation Coverage in Arenized Soils From the Pampa Biome.
21  GCGR antagonist
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GCGR (2 times)
DPP-4 (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2011 Chronic treatment with a glucagon receptor antagonist lowers glucose and moderately raises circulating glucagon and glucagon-like peptide 1 without severe alpha cell hypertrophy in diet-induced obese mice.
22  generic rehabilitation assistant
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2010 Rehabilitation after critical illness: could a ward-based generic rehabilitation assistant promote recovery?
23  genetic risk assessment
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
SMA (1 time)
SMN1 (1 time)
2002 Impact of genetic counseling and testing on colorectal cancer screening behavior.
24  GR amylopectin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GR (2 times)
BUN (1 time)
GRAH (1 time)
2014 Amylopectin is the anti-fatigue ingredient in glutinous rice.
25  Gradia
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAD/CAM (1 time)
CEII (1 time)
DEC (1 time)
2005 [Study on color stability of composite resins for a facing crown polymerized with high output photo-curing unit].
26  Grandio
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FIL (2 times)
TET (2 times)
VED (2 times)
2009 Resistance of nanofill and nanohybrid resin composites to toothbrush abrasion with calcium carbonate slurry.
27  Grandivitin
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ct-DNA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
DPV (1 time)
2016 Molecular insight into the Grandivitin- matrix metalloproteinase 9 interactions.
28  granule proteins
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1998 GRA7, an excretory 29 kDa Toxoplasma gondii dense granule antigen released by infected host cells.
29  grape
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CHE (1 time)
CON (1 time)
LAB (1 time)
2014 Influence of natural extracts on the shelf life of modified atmosphere-packaged pork patties.
30  Grave Nunataks
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
--- 2009 Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust.
31  dense-granule
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
ROP (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2015 Asexual expansion of Toxoplasma gondii merozoites is distinct from tachyzoites and entails expression of non-overlapping gene families to attach, invade, and replicate within feline enterocytes.
32  double-gracey curettes
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
LO (1 time)
SPT (1 time)
2017 Removal of simulated biofilm: an evaluation of the effect on root surfaces roughness after scaling.
33  gamma-resorcylate
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2015 gamma-Resorcylate catabolic-pathway genes in the soil actinomycete Rhodococcus jostii RHA1.
34  gasoline range aromatic
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EI-MS (1 time)
2004 Gas chromatography using a resistively heated column with mass spectrometric detection for rapid analysis of pyridine released from Bacillus spores.
35  gated radionuclide Angiocardiography
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
ER (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1987 [Acute and chronic effects of verapamil on indices of systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy].
36  Gelatin/ resorcinol/aldehyde
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 Evaluation of gelatin/resorcinol/aldehyde as a hemostatic agent and tissue adhesive: an experimental study in rat.
37  Gender Recognition Act
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Transsexualism from the point of view of sexual medicine].
38  Gender Roles Attitudes Scale
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
AHS (1 time)
ATWB (1 time)
VAM (1 time)
2020 The relationship between domestic violence and the attitudes of women towards honor, gender roles, and wife-beating in Turkey.
39  gene and forming a new chimeric gene
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AME (1 time)
1999 [Low-renin hypertension and inherited mineralocorticoid diseases].
40  General Regression Analysis
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2015 'Four Seasons' in an animal rescue centre; classical music reduces environmental stress in kennelled dogs.
41  Generalized Redundancy Analysis
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
ERA (1 time)
2014 Structural Equation Models in a Redundancy Analysis Framework With Covariates.
42  Genomic Resource in Atherosclerosis
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2014 Evidence that an HMGA1 gene variant associates with type 2 diabetes, body mass index, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in a Hispanic-American population.
43  genotype representation analysis
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2003 Inheritance and fine mapping of fertility restoration for cytoplasmic male sterility in Gossypium hirsutum L.
44  global ranking approach
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
2017 A New Kind of Nonparametric Test for Statistical Comparison of Multiple Classifiers Over Multiple Datasets.
45  global resilience analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
WDSs (1 time)
2016 Global resilience analysis of water distribution systems.
46  Global Resuscitation Alliance
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ECS (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
OHCA (1 time)
2018 Global resuscitation alliance utstein recommendations for developing emergency care systems to improve cardiac arrest survival.
47  gondii-recombinant dense granular
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Immunodiagnosis and molecular validation of Toxoplasma gondii-recombinant dense granular (GRA) 7 protein for the detection of toxoplasmosis in patients with cancer.
48  Government Residential Area
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
non-O 1 (1 time)
1983 Epidemiological features of an outbreak of gastroenteritis/cholera in Katsina, Northern Nigeria.
49  GR area
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ADMG (1 time)
CG (1 time)
GRs (1 time)
2014 A modified surgical technique for root coverage with an allograft: a 12-month randomized clinical trial.
50  Gracey curettes
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EOs (1 time)
LOs (1 time)
2015 Subgingival instrumentation to remove simulated plaque in vitro: influence of operators' experience and type of instrument.
51  Gracilaria sp. aqueous extract
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IgMs (1 time)
Phdp (1 time)
2019 Protective effects of seaweed supplemented diet on antioxidant and immune responses in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) subjected to bacterial infection.
52  Gracillin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
2020 Gracillin inhibits apoptosis and inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to alleviate cardiac injury in mice viaimproving miR-29a.
53  Gradia Block, GC
(1 time)
Dental Restoration, Permanent
(1 time)
CAD/CAM (1 time)
TEL (1 time)
2017 Discoloration of various CAD/CAM blocks after immersion in coffee.
54  gramine
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SAP (1 time)
TAN (1 time)
2012 Influence of saponins and tannins on intake and nutrient digestion of alkaloid-containing foods.
55  Granada
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
BUE (1 time)
2013 Structure of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus nucleocapsid protein in complex with suramin reveals therapeutic potential.
56  Grandioso
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
3DM (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2020 Impact of additional polishing method on physical, micromorphological, and microtopographical properties of conventional composites and bulk fill.
57  Grandisin
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2010 Antinociceptive and antiinflammatory activities of grandisin extracted from Virola surinamensis.
58  Granisetron hydrochloride
(1 time)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
--- 2012 Enhanced transdermal delivery of granisetron by using iontophoresis.
59  granulation
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DF (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
2017 The role of corneal endothelial morphology in graft assessment and prediction of endothelial cell loss during organ culture of human donor corneas.
60  granule antigen
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
T. gondii (1 time)
2017 Toxoplasma gondii GRA7-Targeted ASC and PLD1 Promote Antibacterial Host Defense via PKCalpha.
61  Granule Release Assay
(1 time)
Rheumatic Diseases
(1 time)
HLH (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2015 Screening assays for primary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in children presenting with suspected macrophage activation syndrome.
62  Granulicatella
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
HACEK (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2018 Epidemiology, Clinical Features, and Outcome of Infective Endocarditis due to Abiotrophia Species and Granulicatella Species: Report of 76 Cases, 2000-2015.
63  grape seed extracts
(1 time)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
--- 2015 Oxidation Stability of Pig Liver Pate with Increasing Levels of Natural Antioxidants (Grape and Tea).
64  grapheme-related area
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ch-ai-r (1 time)
VWFA (1 time)
2019 A mesial-to-lateral dissociation for orthographic processing in the visual cortex.
65  grass
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SFL (1 time)
SFLG (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2012 [Effects of different vegetation protection measures on erosion prevention of unpaved roadside slopes in Three Gorges Reservoir Area].
66  grass leaf
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
GLU (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
MED (1 time)
2013 Changes in the temperature sensitivity of SOM decomposition with grassland succession: implications for soil C sequestration.
67  grass only pasture
(1 time)
CLO (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2019 Influence of herd diet on the metabolome of Maasdam cheeses.
68  Gray Relative Analysis method
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2014 [Soil moisture estimation model based on multiple vegetation index].
69  grayanic acid
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PKSs (1 time)
2011 Insights from the first putative biosynthetic gene cluster for a lichen depside and depsidone.
70  grazers/scraper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CATPCA (1 time)
GAT (1 time)
SOM (1 time)
2018 The response of chironomid taxonomy- and functional trait-based metrics to fish farm effluent pollution in lotic systems.
71  Greenhouse Gases
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NSS (1 time)
2020 Global Research Alliance N2 O chamber methodology guidelines: Introduction, with health and safety considerations.
72  grey relational analysis optimization
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2020 Optimization of Performance and Emission Characteristics of Catalytic Coated IC Engine with Biodiesel Using Grey-Taguchi Method.
73  group exposed to noise and pesticides
(1 time)
Hearing Disorders
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
DPOAE (1 time)
EOEA (1 time)
2013 Study of evoked otoacoustic emissions and suppression effect on workers exposed to pesticides and noise.
74  groups A
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Learning root debridement with curettes and power-driven instruments in vitro: the role of operator motivation and self-assessment.
75  growth hormone releasing activity
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1971 Hypothalamic growth hormone releasing activity (GRA): characterization by the in vitro rat pituitary and radioimmunoassay.
76  growth rate
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
AFK (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2020 Breeding objectives and selection criteria of a participatory community-based breeding programme of goats and sheep.
77  growth rates until anthesis
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1986 Association of two measures of vegetative growth rate with other traits in inter and intraspecific matings of oats.
78  guanine-sensing riboswitch
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2009 Energy flow and long-range correlations in guanine-binding riboswitch: a nonequilibrium molecular dynamics study.
79  N-retinoyl-D-glucosamine
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
RAR (1 time)
RXR (1 time)
2005 N-retinoyl-D-glucosamine, a new retinoic acid agonist, mediates topical retinoid efficacy with no irritation on photoaged skin.