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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : Gln

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Abbreviation: Gln
Appearance Frequency: 1557 time(s)
Long forms: 82

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glutamine
(1210 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(178 times)
Glu (305 times)
Arg (93 times)
GABA (84 times)
1975 Effect of glucagon on plasma alanine and glutamine metabolism and hepatic gluconeogenesis in sheep.
Glu-tRNA
(208 times)
Biochemistry
(40 times)
Asn (34 times)
Glu (21 times)
GlnRS (17 times)
1988 Protein biosynthesis in organelles requires misaminoacylation of tRNA.
glutamyl-tRNA
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
Asn (12 times)
AdT (4 times)
Glu (4 times)
1988 Characterization of the glutamyl-tRNA(Gln)-to-glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase reaction of Bacillus subtilis.
glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AdT (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1988 Overproduction and purification of Escherichia coli tRNA(2Gln) and its use in crystallization of the glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA(Gln) complex.
1-O-hexadecyl-2-O-methyl-3-O-(2'-amino-2'-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
GAELs (2 times)
MCD (1 time)
MEFs (1 time)
2009 A glycosylated antitumor ether lipid kills cells via paraptosis-like cell death.
Glu+glutamine
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
Glu (3 times)
Cr (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2009 Relationship between intracranial hemodynamics and microdialysis markers of energy metabolism and glutamate-glutamine turnover in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Clinical article.
glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase complexed with tRNA
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GlnRS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
supF (1 time)
1989 Structure of E. coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase complexed with tRNA(Gln) and ATP at 2.8 A resolution.
glutaminylation of tRNA
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AdT (1 time)
bs (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
1998 Major identity element of glutamine tRNAs from Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli in the reaction with B. subtilis glutamyl-tRNA synthetase.
glutamine dipeptide
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
MGln (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2008 Effects of exercise on leukocyte death: prevention by hydrolyzed whey protein enriched with glutamine dipeptide.
10  glutamine residues
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Dy (1 time)
Onc-DV3 (1 time)
RES (1 time)
2009 Evidence for in vivo macrophage mediated tumor uptake of paramagnetic/fluorescent liposomes.
11  glutamine with tRNA
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2014 Coevolution of specificity determinants in eukaryotic glutamyl- and glutaminyl-tRNA synthetases.
12  glutamylate tRNA
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
GluRS (2 times)
AdT (1 time)
Asn (1 time)
2004 Direct glutaminyl-tRNA biosynthesis and indirect asparaginyl-tRNA biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1.
13  (4-(13)C)-glutamine
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Ala (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
Glc (1 time)
2003 Detection of [1,6-13C2]-glucose metabolism in rat brain by in vivo 1H-[13C]-NMR spectroscopy.
14  acidl-glutamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
BH3 (1 time)
Mcl-1 (1 time)
2015 Inhibition of MCL-1 by obatoclax sensitizes Sp2/0-Ag14 hybridoma cells to glutamine deprivation-induced apoptosis.
15  alanyl-glutamine dipeptide
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2008 The role of parenteral glutamine supplement for surgical patient perioperatively: result of a single center, prospective and controlled study.
16  G protein, an avirulent type G
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Syncytium formation is induced in the murine neuroblastoma cell cultures which produce pathogenic type G proteins of the rabies virus.
17  G15-G48 Levitt pair, a number of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Cys (1 time)
2000 Influence of transfer RNA tertiary structure on aminoacylation efficiency by glutaminyl and cysteinyl-tRNA synthetases.
18  GABA-glutamine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
GATs (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
2015 Effects of gamma-Aminobutyric acid transporter 1 inhibition by tiagabine on brain glutamate and gamma-Aminobutyric acid metabolism in the anesthetized rat In vivo.
19  gamma-phosphoryl-Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Gln-tRNAGln formation from Glu-tRNAGln requires cooperation of an asparaginase and a Glu-tRNAGln kinase.
20  GatCAB recognizes the outer corner of the L-shaped tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Glu (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2010 Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions.
21  GatDE complexed to tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2006 Structural basis of RNA-dependent recruitment of glutamine to the genetic code.
22  GatDE has favored a unique archaeal tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Asn (2 times)
LUCA (1 time)
2008 On the evolution of the tRNA-dependent amidotransferases, GatCAB and GatDE.
23  gene encoding cytoplasmic tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Molecular cloning and sequencing of a nuclear gene encoding tRNA(Gln) (UUG) from Arabidopsis thaliana.
24  gene that involve the replacement of a CAG
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CACT (1 time)
eRF1 (1 time)
2007 Suppression of the acuH13 and acuH31 nonsense mutations in the carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase (acuH) gene of Aspergillus nidulans by the G265S substitution in the domain 2 of the release factor eRF1.
25  gene, but three duplications of the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 The complete mitochondrial genome of the hard clam Meretrix meretrix.
26  genes encoding wild type tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Overexpression of genes encoding tRNA(Tyr) AND tRNA(Gln) improves viability of nonsense mutants in SUP45 gene in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae].
27  genes were disrupted in Escherichia coli to produce a tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Structure-function analysis of tRNA(Gln) in an Escherichia coli knockout strain.
28  genes, and because ectopically expressed tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Mitochondrial import of only one of three nuclear-encoded glutamine tRNAs in Tetrahymena thermophila.
29  genes, including tRNA
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
OXPHOS (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
2012 Analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequence variants in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.
30  genetic codes, only tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Mitochondrial import of only one of three nuclear-encoded glutamine tRNAs in Tetrahymena thermophila.
31  genital abnormalities and AR
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Evidence that longer androgen receptor polyglutamine repeats are a causal factor for genital abnormalities.
32  genitalia and isolated male factor infertility with AR
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
2000 Longer polyglutamine tracts in the androgen receptor are associated with moderate to severe undermasculinized genitalia in XY males.
33  germ and bakers yeast and the barley chloroplast tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
1995 Nucleotides of tRNA (Glu) involved in recognition by barley chloroplast glutamyl-tRNA synthetase and glutamyl-tRNA reductase.
34  Glaucocalyxin
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 GlaucocalyxinB induces apoptosis and autophagy in human cervical cancer cells.
35  Gln and Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Glu-AdT (1 time)
2001 Mechanistic studies of reaction coupling in Glu-tRNAGln amidotransferase.
36  Gln with CdCl(+), CdCl(+)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IRMPD (1 time)
2015 Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation Spectra of Glutamine Complexes with Zn(2+) and Cd(2.).
37  Gln-competitive inhibition of the Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Glu-AdT (1 time)
2002 Mutagenesis and mechanism-based inhibition of Streptococcus pyogenes Glu-tRNAGln amidotransferase implicate a serine-based glutaminase site.
38  GlnRS and tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
1996 Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase: from genetics to molecular recognition.
39  GlnRS complexed with tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase.
40  GlnRS contacting tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Deinococcus glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase is a chimer between proteins from an ancient and the modern pathways of aminoacyl-tRNA formation.
41  GlnRS for tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Deinococcus glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase is a chimer between proteins from an ancient and the modern pathways of aminoacyl-tRNA formation.
42  GlnRS in the crystal structure of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
1991 Direct analysis of aminoacylation levels of tRNAs in vivo. Application to studying recognition of Escherichia coli initiator tRNA mutants by glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase.
43  GlnRS that binds the acceptor stem of tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1993 Acceptor end binding domain interactions ensure correct aminoacylation of transfer RNA.
44  GlnRS to synthesize misacylated Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2008 A rationally engineered misacylating aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.
45  GlnRSs reveal that the Yqey domain is involved in tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Deinococcus glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase is a chimer between proteins from an ancient and the modern pathways of aminoacyl-tRNA formation.
46  global orientation of tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Gln-tRNA (1 time)
Met-tRNA (1 time)
1991 Structural similarities in glutaminyl- and methionyl-tRNA synthetases suggest a common overall orientation of tRNA binding.
47  Glu onto tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2012 Rational design and directed evolution of a bacterial-type glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase precursor.
48  Glu-AdTase:Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Glu-AdTase (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
2002 Expression, purification, and crystallization of glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) specific amidotransferase from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
49  Glu-charged form of tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
aaRSs (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
mt (1 time)
2009 Biogenesis of glutaminyl-mt tRNAGln in human mitochondria.
50  glucose concentration, mmol l(-1); c
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
1997 Dialysis cultures with immobilized hybridoma cells for effective production of monoclonal antibodies.
51  GluRS also separately differentiated to exclude tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2014 Coevolution of specificity determinants in eukaryotic glutamyl- and glutaminyl-tRNA synthetases.
52  GluRS and is located near the acceptor stem of tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Glu (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2010 Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions.
53  GluRS and of the E. coli tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Glu (1 time)
2000 Evidence for unfolding of the single-stranded GCCA 3'-End of a tRNA on its aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase from a stacked helical to a foldback conformation.
54  GluRS recognizes the common features of tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Glu (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2010 Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions.
55  GluRS to a tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Glu (2 times)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2011 Rational design of an evolutionary precursor of glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase.
56  glutamate acceptor activity of tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
bs (1 time)
1998 Major identity element of glutamine tRNAs from Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli in the reaction with B. subtilis glutamyl-tRNA synthetase.
57  glutamic acid on the tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Glu-AdTase (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
2002 Expression, purification, and crystallization of glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) specific amidotransferase from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
58  glutamine aminoacyl tRNA synthetase bound to its cognate tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Protein-RNA recognition.
59  glutamine concentration at half-maximal velocity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1984 Allosteric properties of phosphate-activated glutaminase of human liver mitochondria.
60  glutamine group
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DAO (1 time)
2004 [Analysis of the therapeutic effect and the safety of glutamine granules per os in patients with severe burns and trauma].
61  glutamine plus amino acids
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2005 Glutamine stimulates amino acid transport during ischemia-reperfusion in human intestinal epithelial cells.
62  glutamine tRNAs: tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Mitochondrial import of only one of three nuclear-encoded glutamine tRNAs in Tetrahymena thermophila.
63  glutamine, indicating that tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Glutamine is incorporated at the nonsense codons UAG and UAA in a suppressor-free Escherichia coli strain.
64  glutamine, q
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1995 Mathematical modeling and analysis of glucose and glutamine utilization and regulation in cultures of continuous mammalian cells.
65  glutamine-treated
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
FSR (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
TPN (1 time)
2015 Tumor necrosis factor-alpha suppresses the protein fractional synthesis rate of the small intestine stimulated by glutamine in rats.
66  glutamine/glutamate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Glc (1 time)
Pe (1 time)
2002 MR proton spectroscopy in liver examinations of healthy individuals in vivo.
67  glutaminyl transfer RNA synthetase complexed with transfer RNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1991 Structural basis of anticodon loop recognition by glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase.
68  glutaminyl-tRNA is accomplished by first charging tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Characterization of the glutamyl-tRNA(Gln)-to-glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase reaction of Bacillus subtilis.
69  glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase destabilizes tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-induced cleavage of tRNA.
70  glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase in a quaternary complex with tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Amino acid discrimination by a class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase specified by negative determinants.
71  glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase than wild-type tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Aptamer redesigned tRNA is nonfunctional and degraded in cells.
72  glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (mtGluRS) efficiently misaminoacylates mt tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
aaRSs (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
mt (1 time)
2009 Biogenesis of glutaminyl-mt tRNAGln in human mitochondria.
73  glutamylation ability of tRNA
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
D-GluRS (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2010 Structure of nondiscriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase from Thermotoga maritima.
74  GNFD-like motifs in the proregion domain and an oxyanion hole
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CTSL (1 time)
2013 Molecular characterization and expression analysis of four cathepsin L genes in the razor clam, Sinonovacula constricta.
75  gracilis, including a control region translocation, tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PCGs (1 time)
2016 Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of Cynoglossus gracilis and a comparative analysis with other Cynoglossinae fishes.
76  groups: non-intervention group, glutamine
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2005 [Effect of glutamine on small intestinal repair in weanling rats after chronic diarrhea].
77  guided by the core of E. coli tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Cys (1 time)
2000 Alternative design of a tRNA core for aminoacylation.
78  H-Gln-Lys
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Substrate specificity of glutaminyl cyclases from plants and animals.
79  l-alanine-l-glutamine
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
SGA (1 time)
2007 L-alanin-L-glutamine supplementation improves the outcome after colorectal surgery for cancer.
80  N-(m-Nitrophenyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gli (1 time)
Glm (1 time)
Glp (1 time)
2004 Proton-acceptor properties and capability for mutarotation of some glucosylamines in methanol.
81  protected-glutamine
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
BHBA (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
2018 Effect of protected-glutamine supplementation on performance, milk composition and some blood metabolites in fresh Holstein cows.
82  sham-glutamine
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
SAA (1 time)
2003 Alanyl-glutamine-supplemented parenteral nutrition prevents intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.