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Abbreviation: HA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
hemagglutinin
(5271 times)
Virology
(1603 times)
NA (895 times)
HI (315 times)
NP (185 times)
1962 Characteristics of para-influenza 1 (HA-2) virus. III. Antigenic relationships, growth, interaction with erythrocytes, and physical properties.
hyaluronic acid
(4368 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(478 times)
OA (241 times)
CS (238 times)
ECM (160 times)
0 [Endocrine orbitopathy - the topic still alive].
hydroxyapatite
(4256 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1708 times)
SEM (258 times)
XRD (184 times)
beta-TCP (172 times)
1973 Use of a single-strand specific nuclease for analysis of bacterial and plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid homo- and heteroduplexes.
hyaluronan
(2568 times)
Biochemistry
(517 times)
ECM (176 times)
OA (127 times)
HAS (112 times)
1977 Exclusion in hyaluronate gels.
humic acid
(1112 times)
Environmental Health
(760 times)
FA (175 times)
DOM (68 times)
NOM (58 times)
1987 Antagonism between selenium and humic acid.
histamine
(452 times)
Neurology
(116 times)
t-MH (30 times)
i.c.v (28 times)
HDC (27 times)
1976 Dual localization of histamine in an ascending neuronal pathway and in non-neuronal cells evidenced by lesions in the lateral hypothalamic area.
haemophilia A
(318 times)
Hematology
(212 times)
FVIII (138 times)
HB (27 times)
VWD (19 times)
1984 Studies on hemophilia A in Sardinia bearing on the problems of multiple allelism, carrier detection, and differential mutation rate in the two sexes.
high altitude
(298 times)
Physiology
(96 times)
SL (114 times)
LA (34 times)
AMS (20 times)
1975 Electrolyte changes at 3500 m in males with and without high-altitude pulmonary edema.
harm avoidance
(273 times)
Psychiatry
(142 times)
NS (118 times)
TCI (92 times)
RD (91 times)
1993 The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire in eating disorder patients.
10  hepatic artery
(249 times)
Transplantation
(68 times)
PV (106 times)
LDLT (26 times)
SMA (17 times)
1976 Direct effects of various catecholamines on liver circulation in dogs.
11  hearing aid
(222 times)
Audiology
(99 times)
CI (102 times)
NH (17 times)
SNR (14 times)
1983 Preoperative hearing and evaluations for cochlear implant patients. A preliminary report using a Minimal Auditory Capabilities battery.
12  hemiarthroplasty
(165 times)
Orthopedics
(109 times)
THA (42 times)
TSA (31 times)
RSA (17 times)
1989 Total hip replacement after failed hemiarthroplasty.
13  hippuric acid
(126 times)
Occupational Medicine
(23 times)
IS (16 times)
HPLC (14 times)
IAA (11 times)
1982 Styrene exposure and biologic monitoring in FRP boat production plants.
14  hepatitis A
(124 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(27 times)
HB (19 times)
HAV (11 times)
anti-HAV (7 times)
1972 Liver morphology in acute viral hepatitis related to the hepatitis B antigen.
15  hospital-acquired
(103 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
CA (68 times)
MRSA (32 times)
HCA (16 times)
1978 Duration of hospitalization for bacteremic infections at Boston City Hospital during 12 selected years between 1935 and 1972.
16  hydroxylamine
(103 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
NO (17 times)
CBS (8 times)
SNP (8 times)
1969 Nonsense Mutants in the rII A Cistron of Bacteriophage T4.
17  hyperandrogenism
(98 times)
Endocrinology
(36 times)
PCOS (77 times)
PCO (22 times)
IR (18 times)
1983 Hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, and acanthosis nigricans syndrome: a common endocrinopathy with distinct pathophysiologic features.
18  healthcare-associated
(81 times)
Communicable Diseases
(36 times)
MRSA (53 times)
CA (51 times)
PVL (19 times)
2003 Healthcare-associated outbreak due to pan-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a surgical intensive care unit.
19  hydroxyapatite-coated
(65 times)
Dentistry
(30 times)
TPS (9 times)
SEM (4 times)
AO (3 times)
1986 Collagen tubes: role in subperiosteal contour augmentation.
20  heat acclimation
(64 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
HR (11 times)
Tre (7 times)
HIF-1alpha (4 times)
1978 Polyamine and magnesium effects on mitochondrial respiration in control and heat-acclimated rats.
21  hippocampal atrophy
(63 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
MRI (19 times)
TLE (16 times)
MTLE (13 times)
1993 Hippocampal atrophy in normal aging. An association with recent memory impairment.
22  human albumin
(59 times)
Anesthesiology
(12 times)
HES (14 times)
FFP (9 times)
CPB (4 times)
1967 The effect of cross-reacting antigens on the tolerant state.
23  headache
(58 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
MIDAS (4 times)
NP (4 times)
TBF (4 times)
1990 A controlled evaluation of the addition of cognitive therapy to a home-based biofeedback and relaxation treatment of vascular headache.
24  Hispanic American
(54 times)
Obesity
(8 times)
AA (37 times)
EA (21 times)
NHW (8 times)
1993 Ethnicity, Type of Obesity Surgery and Weight Loss.
25  hypothalamic amenorrhea
(53 times)
Endocrinology
(31 times)
GnRH (9 times)
LH (5 times)
PCOS (5 times)
1975 Pituitary gonadotropin responses to synthetic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone in patients with typical and atypical polycystic ovary disease.
26  heteroduplex analysis
(50 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
SSCP (26 times)
DHPLC (6 times)
DGGE (5 times)
1995 Characterisation of germline mutations in the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene.
27  Hypocrellin A
(47 times)
Biology
(18 times)
PDT (12 times)
HB (7 times)
ROS (4 times)
1989 [The study on hypocrellin A-sensitized photoinactivation of enzymes of human erythrocyte membranes].
28  hemagglutinin protein
(46 times)
Virology
(14 times)
NA (3 times)
NP (3 times)
AIV (1 time)
1983 Analyses of the antigenicity of influenza haemagglutinin at the pH optimum for virus-mediated membrane fusion.
29  high-affinity
(45 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LA (22 times)
LFA-1 (4 times)
ACh (2 times)
1977 Glutamate uptake in Thiobacillus novellus.
30  hemolytic anemia
(44 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
ITP (6 times)
MDS (5 times)
HS (3 times)
1961 [Observations on the erythrotropic activity of the serum and on the erythrocytic conglutination in hemolytic anemia (h. a.)].
31  hepatocellular adenoma
(38 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
FNH (13 times)
HCC (7 times)
HC (2 times)
1989 Histogenesis of dieldrin and DDT-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in Balb/c mice.
32  hepatic adenoma
(37 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
FNH (20 times)
HCC (9 times)
CT (5 times)
1982 Computed tomography of benign hepatic tumors.
33  haemophilic arthropathy
(35 times)
Hematology
(24 times)
RA (8 times)
OA (6 times)
PWH (4 times)
1988 Radiological evaluation of chronic hemophilic arthropathy by the Pettersson score: problems in correlation in adult patients.
34  hospital-associated
(31 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
CA (23 times)
MRSA (17 times)
CA-MRSA (4 times)
2005 Use of ribotyping to retrospectively identify methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from phase 3 clinical trials for tigecycline that are genotypically related to community-associated isolates.
35  hyperactivation
(31 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(27 times)
AR (5 times)
CASA (4 times)
LIN (3 times)
1987 A computer-assisted assay for mouse sperm hyperactivation demonstrates that bicarbonate but not bovine serum albumin is required.
36  hyperammonemia
(28 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
HE (10 times)
UCDs (5 times)
Arg (3 times)
1993 Hyperammonemia and hepatic encephalopathy stimulate rat cerebral synaptic mitochondrial glutamate dehydrogenase activity specifically in the direction of glutamate oxidation.
37  hyperstriatum accessorium
(28 times)
Brain
(18 times)
HD (6 times)
IMHV (4 times)
DLP (2 times)
1977 [Role of the telencephalon in regulating the electrical activity of skeletal muscles in chick embryos].
38  herbimycin A
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
BSP (5 times)
CRE (4 times)
FRE (3 times)
1994 Mechanisms of resistance to ansamycin antibiotics in human breast cancer cell lines.
39  hypaconitine
(26 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
MA (23 times)
AC (20 times)
BAC (9 times)
1999 [Determination of the aconitine alkaloids in traditional Chinese medicine chuanwu and caowu by high performance capillary electrophoresis(HPCE)].
40  heart area
(25 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
LVA (3 times)
RVA (3 times)
BPD (2 times)
1976 [Electrocardiographic and radiographic course after aortic valve replacement].
41  high-average
(24 times)
Nephrology
(16 times)
LA (24 times)
PET (15 times)
CAPD (8 times)
1994 Changes in the peritoneal equilibration test in selected chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.
42  Health Authority
(23 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
PCT (4 times)
BC (3 times)
NHS (2 times)
1990 Three is company.
43  health anxiety
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
OCD (3 times)
ACT-G (2 times)
BSS (2 times)
1999 The Illness Attitude Scales in chest pain patients: a study of psychometric properties.
44  height-for-age
(21 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
WA (18 times)
WH (12 times)
BMI (3 times)
1989 HIV and hemophilic children's growth.
45  head activator
(20 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
Bpa (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
1986 Growth promoting effect of head activator in cultured chick embryo brain cells.
46  hydropic abortion
(20 times)
Pathology
(14 times)
CM (10 times)
PM (9 times)
CHM (5 times)
1991 Interphase cytogenetics in paraffin sections of routinely processed hydatidiform moles and hydropic abortions.
47  high anxiety
(18 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LA (11 times)
EPM (3 times)
AEP (2 times)
1985 Anxiety and eating behavior in obese and nonobese American Indians and white Americans.
48  healthy adults
(17 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AP (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
MACS (2 times)
1993 [Diagnostic value of morphological change observed by ultrasonography from skin surface in patients with cervical esophagus carcinoma].
49  hemagglutinin epitope
(17 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
DAT (2 times)
GFP (2 times)
PKC (2 times)
1992 Uncoupling of cytokine mRNA expression and protein secretion during the induction phase of T cell anergy.
50  hereditary ataxias
(16 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EOCA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
HSP (3 times)
1975 A study of certain traits accompanying some inherted neurological disorders.
51  heterocyclic amines
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
PhIP (6 times)
CELC (2 times)
IQ (2 times)
1994 Mutagenicity of heterocyclic amines when activated by pancreas tissue.
52  hydrocortisone acetate
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
TA (3 times)
MC (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1976 Clinical experiences with hydrocortisone 17-butyrate.
53  hydroxyatrazine
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DEA (12 times)
DIA (12 times)
DACT (2 times)
1999 Analysis of atrazine, terbutylazine and their N-dealkylated chloro and hydroxy metabolites by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and capillary electrophoresis-ultraviolet detection.
54  height age
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
CA (8 times)
BA (7 times)
GH (5 times)
1990 [Use of arginine hydrochloride in non-endocrine growth disorders].
55  heterophilic antibodies
(14 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EBV (5 times)
IM (5 times)
CSF (3 times)
1975 Suppression of immune responses to sheep red cell antigens in rats preimmunized with heterophilic antigen: cellular events.
56  hospital admissions
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ED (5 times)
CI (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1994 Outcome of insulin-treated diabetics receiving epinephrine during cardiac arrest.
57  hip arthroscopy
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
FAI (3 times)
PROs (2 times)
SHD (2 times)
2009 Hip subluxation as a complication of arthroscopic debridement.
58  Hospital Authority
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CMS (3 times)
EPR (2 times)
APD (1 time)
1996 Information-seeking behavior of health professionals in Hong Kong: a survey of thirty-seven hospitals.
59  habitual abortion
(12 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
AFE (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AMA (1 time)
1982 Early therapy for the incompetent cervix in patients with habitual abortion.
60  hemadsorption
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CPB (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
BIA (1 time)
1987 Demonstration of human erythrocyte C3b receptors (CR1) by haemadsorption and indirect haemagglutination techniques.
61  heme arginate
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HO-1 (5 times)
HO (4 times)
AIP (2 times)
2005 Bilirubin from heme oxygenase-1 attenuates vascular endothelial activation and dysfunction.
62  hydroxyapatite ceramics
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ALP (2 times)
BCP (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1993 Osteogenic differentiation of marrow stromal stem cells in porous hydroxyapatite ceramics.
63  hypercapnic acidosis
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
LC (5 times)
CO (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1990 Sympathetic secretory response to hypercapnic acidosis in swine.
64  Hypodermin A
(12 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
HAR (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1991 The response of cattle vaccinated with hypodermin A to a natural infestation of Hypoderma bovis and Hypoderma lineatum.
65  hypogastric artery
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
EVAR (5 times)
AAA (2 times)
AIAs (1 time)
2001 Unilateral and bilateral hypogastric artery interruption during aortoiliac aneurysm repair in 154 patients: a relatively innocuous procedure.
66  haloperidol
(11 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
AM (4 times)
DW (2 times)
BI (1 time)
1981 Neurotensin blocks certain amphetamine-induced behaviours.
67  hand-assisted
(11 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
LN (4 times)
DE (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2002 Comparison of open, laparoscopic, and hand-assisted approaches to live-donor nephrectomy.
68  hip abductor
(11 times)
Rehabilitation
(6 times)
EMG (3 times)
KE (3 times)
AI (1 time)
1989 Electromyographic analysis of hip abductor musculature in healthy right-handed persons.
69  histocompatibility antigen
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
CTL (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
CTLs (2 times)
1980 Selection of cytotoxic T-cell precursors specific for minor histocompatibility determinants. I. Negative selection across H-2 barriers induced with disrupted cells but not with glutaraldehyde-treated cells: evidence for antigen processing.
70  hemangioma
(10 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
HDEC (3 times)
HSA (2 times)
PCNA (2 times)
2009 An immunohistochemical analysis of canine haemangioma and haemangiosarcoma.
71  high activity
(10 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
LA (9 times)
MA (2 times)
AsFlFFF (1 time)
1976 Relation of uptake and metabolism of (1,2,6,7-3H)testosterone to individual differences in sexual behavior in male guinea pigs.
72  human astrocyte
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BBB (4 times)
HBMECs (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
2008 Correlation analysis between the expression of P21WAF1/CIP1, P16 proteins and human glioma.
73  hyaluronidase
(10 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AST (3 times)
LN (3 times)
ALB (2 times)
1997 Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin A, streptolysin O, exoenzymes, serotype and biotype profiles of Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from patients with toxic shock syndrome and other severe infections.
74  hydroxamic acid
(10 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HDAC (2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1966 Urease activity and antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria.
75  healthy aging
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CHAMPS (1 time)
2007 Beta-amyloid imaging and memory in non-demented individuals: evidence for preclinical Alzheimer's disease.
76  helical axis
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
FE (2 times)
UCS (2 times)
2006 Relevance of mandibular helical axis analysis in functional and dysfunctional TMJs.
77  helix angle
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
FA (6 times)
DTI (4 times)
MD (4 times)
2012 Fiber architecture in remodeled myocardium revealed with a quantitative diffusion CMR tractography framework and histological validation.
78  herbage allowance
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
Bel (2 times)
CSBF (2 times)
HM (2 times)
2012 e-Cow: an animal model that predicts herbage intake, milk yield and live weight change in dairy cows grazing temperate pastures, with and without supplementary feeding.
79  hexadecenoic acid
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AST (4 times)
Hyp (4 times)
LN (4 times)
1995 Interactions of a very long chain fatty acid with model membranes and serum albumin. Implications for the pathogenesis of adrenoleukodystrophy.
80  high-anxious
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
LA (5 times)
FPS (2 times)
dPAG (1 time)
1973 Anxiety and affiliation in children.
81  hyperaldosteronism
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PHA (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1981 Hyperaldosteronism after heart surgery in children. Part II: Regulation of aldosterone secretion.
82  hypoalphalipoproteinemia
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
TG (2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
1992 [Postprandial lipemia in subjects with primary hypoalphalipoproteinemia and hypoalphalipoproteinemia associated with diabetes].
83  collagen-hyaluronic acid
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
ECM (4 times)
CLSM (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of antibiotic-loaded collagen-hyaluronic acid matrix as a skin substitute.
84  harzianum A
(8 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
BOT (2 times)
SA (2 times)
TD (2 times)
2012 Involvement of Trichoderma trichothecenes in the biocontrol activity and induction of plant defense-related genes.
85  herpangina
(8 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
HFMD (6 times)
PCR (2 times)
CHM (1 time)
2003 Seasonal models of herpangina and hand-foot-mouth disease to simulate annual fluctuations in urban warming in Tokyo.
86  hippurate
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CMPF (5 times)
IS (5 times)
IA (4 times)
2004 Characterization of uremic toxin transport by organic anion transporters in the kidney.
87  His-atrial
(8 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
AVNRT (5 times)
AH (3 times)
AA (1 time)
1976 Preceding His-atrial interval as a determinant of atrioventricular nodal conduction time in the human and rabbit heart.
88  homoarginine
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
Arg (3 times)
AA (2 times)
GC (2 times)
1982 The lysopinedehydrogenase gene used as a marker for the selection of octopine crown gall cells.
89  horizontal activity
(8 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
MT (5 times)
MGT (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1994 Effects of age on open-field behavior of male rats.
90  hydrolysis acidification
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
COD (3 times)
A/O (2 times)
BCO (2 times)
2016 A compact process for treating oilfield wastewater by combining hydrolysis acidification, moving bed biofilm, ozonation and biologically activated carbon techniques.
91  hyperactive
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CD (3 times)
DHA (1 time)
FASN (1 time)
1975 Stimulant drug treatment of hyperactive adolescents.
92  collagen-hydroxyapatite
(7 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(5 times)
ALP (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2003 [The construction of two kinds of artificial bone and the comparison of their osteogenesis capability in vivo].
93  haematology analysers
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
WBC (3 times)
CBC (2 times)
EDTA (2 times)
2004 Comparison of total nucleated cell measurements of UC blood samples using two hematology analyzers.
94  hamstrings
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
EMG (3 times)
GA (2 times)
RF (2 times)
1992 Effects of isokinetic soreness-inducing exercise on blood levels of C-reactive protein and creatine kinase.
95  health assessment
(7 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
GPRR (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2002 Uptake of health assessments, care plans and case conferences by general practitioners through the Enhanced Primary Care program between November 1999 and October 2001.
96  high analgesia
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
LA (6 times)
ASR (2 times)
SSIA (2 times)
2000 Acoustic startle and open-field behavior in mice bred for magnitude of swim analgesia.
97  highly active
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LA (4 times)
DMF (2 times)
RRMS (2 times)
1994 [The characteristics of the anticonflict action of fenazepam in rats selected by the method of forced swimming].
98  hip axis
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
CAM (2 times)
GL (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2004 Hip-spine syndrome: total sagittal alignment of the spine and clinical symptoms in patients with bilateral congenital hip dislocation.
99  homocysteic acid
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AD (5 times)
Abeta42 (1 time)
APP (1 time)
1998 Detoxified glutaraldehyde cross-linked pericardium: tissue preservation and mineralization mitigation in a subcutaneous rat model.
100  homotypic aggregation
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
PMA (3 times)
CD13 (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
1993 Activation of human neutrophil LFA-1 (CD11a) by leukotriene B4.