A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : HA

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : HA
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 3 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: HA
Appearance Frequency: 28880 time(s)
Long forms: 1233

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
hemagglutinin
(6158 times)
Virology
(1802 times)
NA (1088 times)
HI (346 times)
NP (212 times)
1962 Characteristics of para-influenza 1 (HA-2) virus. III. Antigenic relationships, growth, interaction with erythrocytes, and physical properties.
hyaluronic acid
(6097 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(648 times)
OA (355 times)
CS (316 times)
ECM (231 times)
0 [Endocrine orbitopathy - the topic still alive].
hydroxyapatite
(4974 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1866 times)
SEM (299 times)
XRD (217 times)
SBF (212 times)
1968 Preparation and Solubility of Hydroxyapatite.
hyaluronan
(2954 times)
Biochemistry
(580 times)
ECM (218 times)
OA (142 times)
HAS (124 times)
1977 Exclusion in hyaluronate gels.
humic acid
(1611 times)
Environmental Health
(1138 times)
FA (229 times)
DOM (104 times)
NOM (89 times)
1987 Antagonism between selenium and humic acid.
histamine
(479 times)
Neurology
(122 times)
t-MH (30 times)
HDC (29 times)
i.c.v (27 times)
1976 Dual localization of histamine in an ascending neuronal pathway and in non-neuronal cells evidenced by lesions in the lateral hypothalamic area.
hemophilia A
(448 times)
Hematology
(282 times)
FVIII (199 times)
HB (44 times)
vWF (26 times)
1984 Studies on hemophilia A in Sardinia bearing on the problems of multiple allelism, carrier detection, and differential mutation rate in the two sexes.
high altitude
(389 times)
Physiology
(113 times)
SL (129 times)
LA (46 times)
AMS (31 times)
1975 Electrolyte changes at 3500 m in males with and without high-altitude pulmonary edema.
hearing aid
(313 times)
Audiology
(133 times)
CI (142 times)
NH (29 times)
HL (21 times)
1983 Preoperative hearing and evaluations for cochlear implant patients. A preliminary report using a Minimal Auditory Capabilities battery.
10  harm avoidance
(309 times)
Psychiatry
(155 times)
NS (135 times)
RD (102 times)
TCI (101 times)
1993 The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire in eating disorder patients.
11  hepatic artery
(288 times)
Transplantation
(83 times)
PV (118 times)
LDLT (32 times)
LT (24 times)
1976 Direct effects of various catecholamines on liver circulation in dogs.
12  hemiarthroplasty
(278 times)
Orthopedics
(174 times)
THA (83 times)
TSA (44 times)
RSA (29 times)
1989 Total hip replacement after failed hemiarthroplasty.
13  hippuric acid
(151 times)
Occupational Medicine
(25 times)
IAA (20 times)
IS (20 times)
HPLC (14 times)
1982 Styrene exposure and biologic monitoring in FRP boat production plants.
14  hepatitis A
(141 times)
Communicable Diseases
(32 times)
HB (21 times)
HAV (16 times)
anti-HAV (8 times)
1972 Liver morphology in acute viral hepatitis related to the hepatitis B antigen.
15  hospital-acquired
(135 times)
Communicable Diseases
(44 times)
CA (91 times)
MRSA (37 times)
HCA (18 times)
1978 Duration of hospitalization for bacteremic infections at Boston City Hospital during 12 selected years between 1935 and 1972.
16  hyperandrogenism
(135 times)
Endocrinology
(44 times)
PCOS (110 times)
PCO (27 times)
IR (25 times)
1983 Hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, and acanthosis nigricans syndrome: a common endocrinopathy with distinct pathophysiologic features.
17  hydroxylamine
(114 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
NO (17 times)
CBS (9 times)
SNP (8 times)
1969 Nonsense Mutants in the rII A Cistron of Bacteriophage T4.
18  healthcare-associated
(108 times)
Communicable Diseases
(44 times)
CA (67 times)
MRSA (65 times)
PVL (21 times)
2003 Healthcare-associated outbreak due to pan-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a surgical intensive care unit.
19  heat acclimation
(89 times)
Physiology
(29 times)
HR (19 times)
Tre (10 times)
CON (5 times)
1978 Polyamine and magnesium effects on mitochondrial respiration in control and heat-acclimated rats.
20  hydroxyapatite-coated
(77 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
TPS (9 times)
SEM (6 times)
ALP (3 times)
1986 Collagen tubes: role in subperiosteal contour augmentation.
21  hippocampal atrophy
(73 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
MRI (22 times)
TLE (18 times)
MTLE (16 times)
1993 Hippocampal atrophy in normal aging. An association with recent memory impairment.
22  human albumin
(67 times)
Anesthesiology
(13 times)
HES (15 times)
FFP (10 times)
CPB (4 times)
1967 The effect of cross-reacting antigens on the tolerant state.
23  headache
(63 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
MIDAS (5 times)
TTH (5 times)
NP (4 times)
1990 A controlled evaluation of the addition of cognitive therapy to a home-based biofeedback and relaxation treatment of vascular headache.
24  Hypocrellin A
(61 times)
Biology
(20 times)
PDT (18 times)
ROS (10 times)
HB (7 times)
1989 [The study on hypocrellin A-sensitized photoinactivation of enzymes of human erythrocyte membranes].
25  hypothalamic amenorrhea
(61 times)
Endocrinology
(32 times)
GnRH (12 times)
PCOS (7 times)
AN (5 times)
1975 Pituitary gonadotropin responses to synthetic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone in patients with typical and atypical polycystic ovary disease.
26  Hispanic American
(60 times)
Obesity
(12 times)
AA (41 times)
EA (25 times)
BMI (9 times)
1993 Ethnicity, Type of Obesity Surgery and Weight Loss.
27  haemophilic arthropathy
(59 times)
Hematology
(34 times)
OA (9 times)
RA (9 times)
PWH (6 times)
1988 Radiological evaluation of chronic hemophilic arthropathy by the Pettersson score: problems in correlation in adult patients.
28  hemolytic anemia
(51 times)
Hematology
(18 times)
ITP (7 times)
MDS (6 times)
CI (3 times)
1961 [Observations on the erythrotropic activity of the serum and on the erythrocytic conglutination in hemolytic anemia (h. a.)].
29  heteroduplex analysis
(50 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
SSCP (26 times)
DHPLC (6 times)
DGGE (5 times)
1995 Characterisation of germline mutations in the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene.
30  hemagglutinin protein
(49 times)
Virology
(15 times)
NA (3 times)
NP (3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
1983 Analyses of the antigenicity of influenza haemagglutinin at the pH optimum for virus-mediated membrane fusion.
31  high-affinity
(46 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
LA (23 times)
LFA-1 (4 times)
ACh (2 times)
1977 Glutamate uptake in Thiobacillus novellus.
32  hepatocellular adenoma
(44 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
FNH (13 times)
HCC (10 times)
HC (2 times)
1989 Histogenesis of dieldrin and DDT-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in Balb/c mice.
33  hepatic adenoma
(40 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
FNH (22 times)
HCC (10 times)
CT (5 times)
1982 Computed tomography of benign hepatic tumors.
34  hospital-associated
(37 times)
Communicable Diseases
(11 times)
CA (27 times)
MRSA (21 times)
CA-MRSA (4 times)
2005 Use of ribotyping to retrospectively identify methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from phase 3 clinical trials for tigecycline that are genotypically related to community-associated isolates.
35  health anxiety
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
OCD (3 times)
QOL (3 times)
ACT-G (2 times)
1999 The Illness Attitude Scales in chest pain patients: a study of psychometric properties.
36  hypaconitine
(32 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
MA (28 times)
AC (25 times)
BMA (11 times)
1999 [Determination of the aconitine alkaloids in traditional Chinese medicine chuanwu and caowu by high performance capillary electrophoresis(HPCE)].
37  hyperactivation
(31 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(27 times)
AR (5 times)
CASA (4 times)
LIN (3 times)
1987 A computer-assisted assay for mouse sperm hyperactivation demonstrates that bicarbonate but not bovine serum albumin is required.
38  hyperammonemia
(31 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
HE (10 times)
UCDs (5 times)
VPA (4 times)
1993 Hyperammonemia and hepatic encephalopathy stimulate rat cerebral synaptic mitochondrial glutamate dehydrogenase activity specifically in the direction of glutamate oxidation.
39  heart area
(29 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
BPD (3 times)
FL (3 times)
GA (3 times)
1976 [Electrocardiographic and radiographic course after aortic valve replacement].
40  hyperstriatum accessorium
(28 times)
Brain
(18 times)
HD (6 times)
IMHV (4 times)
DLP (2 times)
1977 [Role of the telencephalon in regulating the electrical activity of skeletal muscles in chick embryos].
41  herbimycin A
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
BSP (5 times)
CRE (4 times)
FRE (3 times)
1994 Mechanisms of resistance to ansamycin antibiotics in human breast cancer cell lines.
42  hip arthroscopy
(27 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
FAI (6 times)
SHD (4 times)
THA (4 times)
2009 Hip subluxation as a complication of arthroscopic debridement.
43  hydropic abortion
(27 times)
Pathology
(19 times)
CHM (10 times)
CM (10 times)
PHM (10 times)
1991 Interphase cytogenetics in paraffin sections of routinely processed hydatidiform moles and hydropic abortions.
44  Health Authority
(25 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
BC (4 times)
PCT (4 times)
NHS (2 times)
1990 Three is company.
45  high-average
(24 times)
Nephrology
(16 times)
LA (24 times)
PET (15 times)
CAPD (8 times)
1994 Changes in the peritoneal equilibration test in selected chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.
46  hospital admissions
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
ED (7 times)
CI (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
1994 Outcome of insulin-treated diabetics receiving epinephrine during cardiac arrest.
47  height-for-age
(22 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
WA (19 times)
WH (14 times)
BMI (2 times)
1989 HIV and hemophilic children's growth.
48  Hospital Authority
(22 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
CMS (3 times)
EPR (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
1996 Information-seeking behavior of health professionals in Hong Kong: a survey of thirty-seven hospitals.
49  healthy adults
(21 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
HC (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1993 [Diagnostic value of morphological change observed by ultrasonography from skin surface in patients with cervical esophagus carcinoma].
50  hereditary ataxias
(21 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
HSP (4 times)
EOCA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
1975 A study of certain traits accompanying some inherted neurological disorders.
51  head activator
(20 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
Bpa (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
1986 Growth promoting effect of head activator in cultured chick embryo brain cells.
52  healthy aging
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
AD (3 times)
BMI (3 times)
RR (3 times)
2007 Beta-amyloid imaging and memory in non-demented individuals: evidence for preclinical Alzheimer's disease.
53  high anxiety
(19 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
LA (12 times)
EPM (3 times)
AEP (2 times)
1985 Anxiety and eating behavior in obese and nonobese American Indians and white Americans.
54  hemagglutinin epitope
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DAT (2 times)
GFP (2 times)
PKC (2 times)
1992 Uncoupling of cytokine mRNA expression and protein secretion during the induction phase of T cell anergy.
55  Hemangioma
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
HDEC (3 times)
PCNA (3 times)
HemECs (2 times)
2009 An immunohistochemical analysis of canine haemangioma and haemangiosarcoma.
56  human astrocyte
(18 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BBB (4 times)
HBMECs (2 times)
NGF (2 times)
2008 Correlation analysis between the expression of P21WAF1/CIP1, P16 proteins and human glioma.
57  hydroxyatrazine
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
DEA (14 times)
DIA (13 times)
DACT (2 times)
1999 Analysis of atrazine, terbutylazine and their N-dealkylated chloro and hydroxy metabolites by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and capillary electrophoresis-ultraviolet detection.
58  hemadsorption
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CPB (3 times)
ARDS (1 time)
BIA (1 time)
1987 Demonstration of human erythrocyte C3b receptors (CR1) by haemadsorption and indirect haemagglutination techniques.
59  hip abductor
(16 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
EMG (3 times)
KE (3 times)
VL (3 times)
1989 Electromyographic analysis of hip abductor musculature in healthy right-handed persons.
60  hydrocortisone acetate
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
TA (4 times)
PA (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1976 Clinical experiences with hydrocortisone 17-butyrate.
61  hypogastric artery
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
EVAR (6 times)
AAA (2 times)
HAAs (2 times)
2001 Unilateral and bilateral hypogastric artery interruption during aortoiliac aneurysm repair in 154 patients: a relatively innocuous procedure.
62  heterocyclic amines
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PhIP (6 times)
CELC (2 times)
IQ (2 times)
1994 Mutagenicity of heterocyclic amines when activated by pancreas tissue.
63  heterophilic antibodies
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
EBV (6 times)
IM (5 times)
CSF (3 times)
1975 Suppression of immune responses to sheep red cell antigens in rats preimmunized with heterophilic antigen: cellular events.
64  habitual abortion
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
AFE (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AMA (1 time)
1982 Early therapy for the incompetent cervix in patients with habitual abortion.
65  height age
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
CA (8 times)
BA (7 times)
GH (5 times)
1990 [Use of arginine hydrochloride in non-endocrine growth disorders].
66  herpangina
(14 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
HFMD (12 times)
EV-A71 (3 times)
CVA16 (2 times)
2003 Seasonal models of herpangina and hand-foot-mouth disease to simulate annual fluctuations in urban warming in Tokyo.
67  hippocampal avoidance
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
WBRT (9 times)
PCI (5 times)
BM (3 times)
2013 Hippocampal avoidance with volumetric modulated arc therapy in melanoma brain metastases - the first Australian experience.
68  hydroxamic acid
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
3-NT (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1966 Urease activity and antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria.
69  hydroxyapatite ceramics
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ALP (2 times)
BCP (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1993 Osteogenic differentiation of marrow stromal stem cells in porous hydroxyapatite ceramics.
70  hand-assisted
(12 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
LN (4 times)
LA (2 times)
DE (1 time)
2002 Comparison of open, laparoscopic, and hand-assisted approaches to live-donor nephrectomy.
71  helix angle
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
FA (8 times)
MD (6 times)
DTI (5 times)
2012 Fiber architecture in remodeled myocardium revealed with a quantitative diffusion CMR tractography framework and histological validation.
72  heme arginate
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HO-1 (5 times)
HO (4 times)
AIP (2 times)
2005 Bilirubin from heme oxygenase-1 attenuates vascular endothelial activation and dysfunction.
73  hexadecenoic acid
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AST (6 times)
Hyp (5 times)
LN (5 times)
1995 Interactions of a very long chain fatty acid with model membranes and serum albumin. Implications for the pathogenesis of adrenoleukodystrophy.
74  high activity
(12 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
LA (11 times)
MA (2 times)
AsFlFFF (1 time)
1976 Relation of uptake and metabolism of (1,2,6,7-3H)testosterone to individual differences in sexual behavior in male guinea pigs.
75  homoarginine
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
Arg (4 times)
AA (2 times)
ADMA (2 times)
1982 The lysopinedehydrogenase gene used as a marker for the selection of octopine crown gall cells.
76  hydrolysis acidification
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
COD (4 times)
A/O (2 times)
BCO (2 times)
2016 A compact process for treating oilfield wastewater by combining hydrolysis acidification, moving bed biofilm, ozonation and biologically activated carbon techniques.
77  hypercapnic acidosis
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
LC (5 times)
CO (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1990 Sympathetic secretory response to hypercapnic acidosis in swine.
78  Hypodermin A
(12 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
HAR (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1991 The response of cattle vaccinated with hypodermin A to a natural infestation of Hypoderma bovis and Hypoderma lineatum.
79  haloperidol
(11 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
AM (4 times)
DW (2 times)
BI (1 time)
1981 Neurotensin blocks certain amphetamine-induced behaviours.
80  histocompatibility antigen
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
CTL (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
CTLs (2 times)
1980 Selection of cytotoxic T-cell precursors specific for minor histocompatibility determinants. I. Negative selection across H-2 barriers induced with disrupted cells but not with glutaraldehyde-treated cells: evidence for antigen processing.
81  hyaluronidase
(11 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AST (4 times)
LN (4 times)
ALB (3 times)
1997 Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin A, streptolysin O, exoenzymes, serotype and biotype profiles of Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from patients with toxic shock syndrome and other severe infections.
82  hydrogen abstraction
(11 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DFT (2 times)
ADMH (1 time)
AIM (1 time)
2004 Reaction of formaldehyde cation with molecular hydrogen: effects of collision energy and H2CO+ vibrations.
83  harzianum A
(10 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
BOT (2 times)
SA (2 times)
TD (2 times)
2012 Involvement of Trichoderma trichothecenes in the biocontrol activity and induction of plant defense-related genes.
84  helical axis
(10 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
FE (2 times)
UCS (2 times)
2006 Relevance of mandibular helical axis analysis in functional and dysfunctional TMJs.
85  herbage allowance
(10 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(4 times)
BCS (2 times)
Bel (2 times)
CSBF (2 times)
2012 e-Cow: an animal model that predicts herbage intake, milk yield and live weight change in dairy cows grazing temperate pastures, with and without supplementary feeding.
86  hyperactivity
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ADHD (5 times)
AD (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1980 Abnormal eye movements in hyperkinetic children with learning disability.
87  HA group
(9 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
FFP (2 times)
IF (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
2004 Intracranial EEG in temporal lobe epilepsy: location of seizure onset relates to degree of hippocampal pathology.
88  hard anodization
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
AAO (5 times)
MA (5 times)
AFM (1 time)
2008 Self-ordered anodic aluminum oxide formed by H2SO4 hard anodization.
89  hexylamine
(9 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HApp (2 times)
PA (2 times)
XPS (2 times)
1993 Formation of a new 1,1,1 adduct in the reaction of malondialdehyde, n-hexylamine and alkanal under neutral conditions.
90  high-anxious
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
LA (5 times)
FPS (2 times)
dPAG (1 time)
1973 Anxiety and affiliation in children.
91  highly active
(9 times)
Economics, Medical
(2 times)
LA (4 times)
DMF (3 times)
RRMS (3 times)
1994 [The characteristics of the anticonflict action of fenazepam in rats selected by the method of forced swimming].
92  His-atrial
(9 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AVNRT (5 times)
AH (4 times)
AA (1 time)
1976 Preceding His-atrial interval as a determinant of atrioventricular nodal conduction time in the human and rabbit heart.
93  hot air
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
RF (2 times)
AAT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2010 A combination of hot air treatment and nano-packing reduces fruit decay and maintains quality in postharvest Chinese bayberries.
94  hydroxyacetone
(9 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DHA (2 times)
FSA (2 times)
DMF (1 time)
2007 D-Fructose-6-phosphate aldolase-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of iminocyclitols.
95  hyperaldosteronism
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PHA (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1981 Hyperaldosteronism after heart surgery in children. Part II: Regulation of aldosterone secretion.
96  hypoadrenocorticism
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ACTH (3 times)
ROC (3 times)
ACTHST (1 time)
2007 Abnormalities of serum electrolyte concentrations in dogs with hypoadrenocorticism.
97  hypoalphalipoproteinemia
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
TG (2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
1992 [Postprandial lipemia in subjects with primary hypoalphalipoproteinemia and hypoalphalipoproteinemia associated with diabetes].
98  collagen-hyaluronic acid
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
ECM (4 times)
CLSM (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of antibiotic-loaded collagen-hyaluronic acid matrix as a skin substitute.
99  haematology analysers
(8 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
WBC (3 times)
CBC (2 times)
EDTA (2 times)
2004 Comparison of total nucleated cell measurements of UC blood samples using two hematology analyzers.
100  health advisory
(8 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
POCT (2 times)
STEV (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1989 Problems in assessing the risks of mixtures of contaminants in drinking water.