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Abbreviation: HAD
Appearance Frequency: 1429 time(s)
Long forms: 130

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Hospital Anxiety and Depression
(581 times)
Medicine
(65 times)
VAS (37 times)
QOL (36 times)
SF-36 (33 times)
1988 Patterns of psychiatric morbidity in a genito-urinary clinic. A validation of the Hospital Anxiety Depression scale (HAD).
HIV-associated dementia
(333 times)
Neurology
(147 times)
CNS (50 times)
HAND (48 times)
HIV-1 (46 times)
1995 Bartonella (Rochalimaea) antibodies, dementia, and cat ownership among men infected with human immunodeficiency virus.
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase
(105 times)
Physiology
(44 times)
CS (54 times)
LDH (30 times)
PFK (11 times)
1976 Ultrastructure and biochemical function of skeletal muscle in twins.
haloacid dehalogenase
(98 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
PSP (5 times)
beta-PGM (3 times)
FMN (3 times)
1994 Microsomal and soluble epoxide hydrolases are members of the same family of C-X bond hydrolase enzymes.
high-alcohol-drinking
(70 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(39 times)
LAD (41 times)
NP (18 times)
ADE (5 times)
1989 Regional brain contents of serotonin, dopamine and their metabolites in the selectively bred high- and low-alcohol drinking lines of rats.
hot air drying
(14 times)
Food
(6 times)
FD (5 times)
FIRD (2 times)
IRD (2 times)
2009 Effects of different types of yam (Dioscorea alata) products on the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
host-associated differentiation
(13 times)
Biology
(7 times)
AFLP (2 times)
CFH (1 time)
2005 Host-associated genetic differentiation in phytophagous insects: general phenomenon or isolated exceptions? Evidence from a goldenrod-insect community.
heterotrophic and autotrophic denitrification
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
CEHAD (1 time)
2012 Behavior of autotrophic denitrification and heterotrophic denitrification in an intensified biofilm-electrode reactor for nitrate-contaminated drinking water treatment.
human acellular dermis
(7 times)
Urology
(3 times)
BNT (1 time)
CBE (1 time)
EEC (1 time)
2011 The use of alloderm as an adjunct in the closure of the bladder - Cloacal exstrophy complex.
10  3-OH-acyl-CoA-dehydrogenase
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CS (6 times)
LDH (4 times)
BF (1 time)
1984 Fiber types and metabolic characteristics in muscles of wild boars, normal and halothane sensitive Swedish landrace pigs.
11  Hirschsprung's disease allied disorder
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
MP (2 times)
HD (1 time)
IDs (1 time)
1999 Functional ileus in neonates: Hirschsprung's disease-allied disorders versus meconium-related ileus.
12  HIV dementia
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HIV (2 times)
ART (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1999 Neurological characteristics of HIV-infected men and women seeking primary medical care.
13  haloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ABH (1 time)
FSM (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2009 Mycobacterium tuberculosis PtkA is a novel protein tyrosine kinase whose substrate is PtpA.
14  height-for-age difference
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DHS (2 times)
HAZ (2 times)
COHORTS (1 time)
2015 Gender perceptions predict sex differences in growth patterns of indigenous Guatemalan infants and young children.
15  hospital anxiety and depression questionnaire
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
AQLQ (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2003 [Effects of intervening measures on postpartum depression].
16  Hunan aqueous drainage
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IOP (2 times)
MMC (1 time)
SLM (1 time)
1997 [A histopathological study on Hunan aqueous drainage implantation in rabbit's eye].
17  Hydrogen-bond-mediated aglycone delivery
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMTST (1 time)
2014 Hydrogen bond mediated aglycone delivery: synthesis of linear and branched alpha-glucans.
18  3-Hydroxyanthranilate-3,4-dioxygenase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ACMS, 2 (1 time)
2005 The pyridine ring of NAD is formed by a nonenzymatic pericyclic reaction.
19  healthy leaf area duration
(4 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AUDPC (2 times)
HAA (2 times)
HLAI (2 times)
1997 Angular leaf spot of phaseolus beans: relationships between disease, healthy leaf area, and yield.
20  hepatic arterial dominant
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
HCC (2 times)
TACE (2 times)
CDT (1 time)
2008 Angiographic evaluation of hepatic arterial damage after transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma.
21  high AGE diet
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGEs (3 times)
AGE (1 time)
CML (1 time)
2002 Lowering of dietary advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) reduces neointimal formation after arterial injury in genetically hypercholesterolemic mice.
22  hospital-acquired diarrhea
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
CAD (3 times)
CI (1 time)
OP-CAD (1 time)
2012 [Investigation of adenovirus infection in hospitalized children with diarrhea during 2010 in Beijing, China].
23  hospitalization-associated disability
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
ADLs (2 times)
CI (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2015 Hospitalization-Associated Disability in Adults Admitted to a Safety-Net Hospital.
24  hydrogen attachment/abstraction dissociation
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
DFT (1 time)
MALDI (1 time)
MALDI-ISD (1 time)
2016 Hydrogen Attachment/Abstraction Dissociation (HAD) of Gas-Phase Peptide Ions for Tandem Mass Spectrometry.
25  haemadsorption
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
non-HAD (2 times)
ASF (1 time)
ASFV (1 time)
2004 Characterization of pathogenic and non-pathogenic African swine fever virus isolates from Ornithodoros erraticus inhabiting pig premises in Portugal.
26  healthy American diet
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DASH (3 times)
BOLD (2 times)
SFA (2 times)
2012 Beef in an Optimal Lean Diet study: effects on lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins.
27  high-affinity desensitization
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ATP (3 times)
2006 Experimental and modeling studies of desensitization of P2X3 receptors.
28  high-altitude disease
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PAP (2 times)
BWT (1 time)
CSU-BIC (1 time)
2006 Examination of potential methods to predict pulmonary arterial pressure score in yearling beef cattle.
29  horizontal adduction
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
ER (1 time)
EXT (1 time)
2014 A comparison of range of motion change across four posterior shoulder tightness measurements after external rotator fatigue.
30  human adjuvant disease
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
1994 Human adjuvant disease revisited: a review of eleven post-augmentation mammoplasty patients.
31  human immunodeficiency virus-associated dementia
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1998 Beta-chemokines MCP-1 and RANTES are selectively increased in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with human immunodeficiency virus-associated dementia.
32  hyperstriatum accessorium/dorsale
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
ANC (3 times)
LNH (3 times)
MNH (3 times)
1988 Isolation-dependent enhancement of 2-[14C]deoxyglucose uptake in the forebrain of zebra finch males.
33  3beta-hydroxyandrosta-5,16-diene
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ADEK (2 times)
AR (2 times)
DHEA (1 time)
2005 Identification of steroid derivatives that function as potent antiandrogens.
34  HangAmDan
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EWCC (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2010 Prospective analysis on survival outcomes of nonsmall cell lung cancer stages over IIIb treated with HangAm-Dan.
35  health administrative databases
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EGB (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
MICE (1 time)
2015 Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in long-term care (LTC) patients: validation of the 2014 STOPP-START and 2012 Beers criteria in a LTC population--a protocol for a cross-sectional comparison of clinical and health administrative data.
36  high-arginine diet
(2 times)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2016 The Establishment and Characteristics of Rat Model of Atherosclerosis Induced by Hyperuricemia.
37  hippocampal afterdischarges
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
GP (1 time)
GPi (1 time)
1984 Hippocampal afterdischarge interferes with storage of spatial information in a working memory test.
38  Hospital Depression and Anxiety
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
THI (1 time)
2009 Fatigue in patients with chronic heart failure - a burden associated with emotional and symptom distress.
39  hospital-associated deconditioning
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FIM (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
2012 [Length and outcome of acute inpatient rehabilitation for hospital-associated deconditioning in the elderly].
40  human alpha-defensin
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
hBD (2 times)
BALF (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2001 Plasma and BAL fluid concentrations of antimicrobial peptides in patients with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection.
41  3-hydroxy-acyl-CoA-dehydrogenase activity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2005 Reduced insulin-mediated citrate synthase activity in cultured skeletal muscle cells from patients with type 2 diabetes: evidence for an intrinsic oxidative enzyme defect.
42  3-OH-acyl-coenzyme A-dehydrogenase
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ASAT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1995 Supplementation of broiler diets with all-rac-alpha- or a mixture of natural source RRR-alpha-,gamma-,delta-tocopheryl acetate. 1. effect on vitamin E status of broilers in vivo and at slaughter.
43  4-Hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Metabolism of the aromatase inhibitor 4-hydroxyandrostenedione in vivo. Identification of the glucuronide as a major urinary metabolite in patients and biliary metabolite in the rat.
44  beta-hydroxyacyl-ACP dehydratase
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
TEM (1 time)
zl16 (1 time)
2018 Identification and Phenotypic Characterization of ZEBRA LEAF16 Encoding a beta-Hydroxyacyl-ACP Dehydratase in Rice.
45  HA combined with demineralized bone
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
HAB (1 time)
HAO (1 time)
1987 Mandibular augmentation in dogs with hydroxylapatite combined with demineralized bone.
46  HA decay
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
HR (1 time)
HRA (1 time)
2018 Heat Acclimation Decay and Re-Induction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
47  had dementia
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
FWM (1 time)
2010 Brain metabolism and cognitive impairment in HIV infection: a 3-T magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.
48  Hadley Centre
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOGCMs (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2006 Linked models to assess the impacts of climate change on nitrogen in a Norwegian river basin and FJORD system.
49  haemagglutination-defective
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
TGEV (1 time)
2000 Characterization of the sialic acid binding activity of transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus by analysis of haemagglutination-deficient mutants.
50  hair deformation
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2004 Perception of Bradyrhizobium japonicum Nod factor by soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] root hairs under abiotic stress conditions.
51  haloacid dehalogenase superfamily
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCho (1 time)
PchP (1 time)
2011 Site-directed mutations and kinetic studies show key residues involved in alkylammonium interactions and reveal two sites for phosphorylcholine in Pseudomonas aeruginosa phosphorylcholine phosphatase.
52  Hamilton Anxiety-Depression Scale
(1 time)
Leprosy
(1 time)
DLQI (1 time)
PASI (1 time)
2009 The relationship between symptoms and patient characteristics among psoriasis patients.
53  Hamilton Depression Rating Scale
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIMS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2007 Short-term continuous infusion of apomorphine hydrochloride for treatment of Huntington's chorea: A double blind, randomized cross-over trial.
54  HAND diagnosis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
cART (1 time)
HAND (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2010 HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders persist in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy: CHARTER Study.
55  Hansen's disease
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
GN (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2004 End-stage renal disease in leprosy.
56  hazardous alcohol drinking
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2017 Predicting the onset of hazardous alcohol drinking in primary care: development and validation of a simple risk algorithm.
57  HD-allied disorders
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2012 A rapid lactate dehydrogenase histochemical method for the intraoperative assessment of Hirschsprung's disease.
58  Health Anxiety Disorder
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2012 Health anxiety disorders: a cognitive construal.
59  Health Assessment Document
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CNG (1 time)
DE (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2004 A reevaluation of the literature regarding the health assessment of diesel engine exhaust.
60  healthy adult donors
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
IP-10 (1 time)
QFT-IT (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2015 Blood or Urine IP-10 Cannot Discriminate between Active Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Different from Tuberculosis in Children.
61  hearing level-ACET discrepancy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ACET (1 time)
BC (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2009 Air-conduction estimated from tympanometry (ACET): 2. The use of hearing level-ACET discrepancy (HAD) to determine appropriate use of bone-conduction tests in identifying permanent and mixed impairments.
62  heart assist devices
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LVAD (1 time)
1994 Mock circulatory system for in vitro reproduction of the left ventricle, the arterial tree and their interaction with a left ventricular assist device.
63  heavy alcohol drinking
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CCHS (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2017 Impact of the 2008 global financial crisis on the health of Canadians: repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2007-2013.
64  heavy-atom data bank
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1998 HAD, a data bank of heavy-atom binding sites in protein crystals: a resource for use in multiple isomorphous replacement and anomalous scattering.
65  height-adjustable desks
(1 time)
Diet
(1 time)
--- 2017 Who uses height-adjustable desks? - Sociodemographic, health-related, and psycho-social variables of regular users.
66  hemadsorption activity
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
4-GU-DANA (1 time)
HN (1 time)
HPF3 (1 time)
2001 Human parainfluenza virus type 3 HN-receptor interaction: effect of 4-guanidino-Neu5Ac2en on a neuraminidase-deficient variant.
67  hepatic artery diameter
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
mDF (1 time)
PI (1 time)
RI (1 time)
2015 Hepatic artery duplex Doppler ultrasound in severe alcoholic hepatitis and correlation with Maddrey's discriminant function.
68  hepatic artery dissection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
LDLT (1 time)
2016 The computed tomographic angiography finding of hepatic artery dissection after living donor liver transplantation; what is the clinical significance?
69  heroin-abusing-duration
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DHAQ (1 time)
E-LPO (1 time)
E-SOD (1 time)
2001 Primary studies on heroin abuse and injury induced by oxidation and lipoperoxidation.
70  Heweianshen decoction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CCK-8 (1 time)
PCPA (1 time)
2016 Effect of Heweianshen Decoction on Orexin-A and Cholecystokinin-8 Expression in Rat Models of Insomnia.
71  hierarchical atom-type definition
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Hierarchical atom type definitions and extensible all-atom force fields.
72  high allergen dose
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
SCIT (1 time)
2005 The safety of sublingual-swallow immunotherapy: an analysis of published studies.
73  high altitude dwellers
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1975 Adrenal response to tolbutamide-induced hypoglycemia in high altitude dwellers.
74  high and low alcohol preference, namely the high
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
VTA (1 time)
2006 Comparison of VTA dopamine neuron activity in lines of rats selectively bred to prefer or avoid alcohol.
75  high antigen density
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HN (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1998 Introduction of adhesive and costimulatory immune functions into tumor cells by infection with Newcastle Disease Virus.
76  high antioxidant diet
(1 time)
Reproduction
(1 time)
RDI (1 time)
2009 Women with endometriosis improved their peripheral antioxidant markers after the application of a high antioxidant diet.
77  high anxiety, depression
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MAC (1 time)
1999 Predicting delayed anxiety and depression in patients with gastrointestinal cancer.
78  high-altitude-born
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
mPAP (1 time)
1975 Regional distribution of pulmonary blood flow in normal high-altitude dwellers at 3,650 m (12,200 ft).
79  high-functioning autistic disorder
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DLD (1 time)
WCST (1 time)
2001 Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism.
80  high-molecular weight adiponectin
(1 time)
Obesity
(1 time)
T-Ad (1 time)
2016 Changes in the Composition of Adiponectin Fractions over a 3-Year Period in Children: A Population-Based Cohort Study.
81  highly acetylated derivatives
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MTT (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2006 Antioxidant activity and cytoprotective effect of kappa-carrageenan oligosaccharides and their different derivatives.
82  highly angiogenic and disseminated in the peripheral blood
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CK19 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
2004 Assessment of highly angiogenic and disseminated in the peripheral blood disease in breast cancer patients predicts for resistance to adjuvant chemotherapy and early relapse.
83  highly automated car without additional task
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Comparing spatially static and dynamic vibrotactile take-over requests in the driver seat.
84  highly automated driving
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
NDR (1 time)
TOR (1 time)
2019 The effects of takeover request modalities on highly automated car control transitions.
85  hip abductor degeneration
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DMCS (1 time)
SND (1 time)
2015 Double mobility cup total hip arthroplasty in patients at high risk for dislocation: a single-center analysis.
86  hippocampal after discharges duration
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1985 [Contrasting effects of stimulation of the caudate nucleus and globus pallidus on paroxysmal hippocampal activity in the cat].
87  His-adequate diet
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
dHis (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
HDD (1 time)
2017 Histidine deficiency has a negative effect on lactational performance of dairy cows.
88  Histological Disease Activity
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EGS (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
2016 Plasma viscosity: a potential predictor of both medical treatment response and clinical stage of ulcerative colitis.
89  history of atopic diseases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EIB (1 time)
S-IgE (1 time)
1995 Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) in relation to seasonal and perennial specific IgE in young adults.
90  Hits Analysis Database
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 HAD: an automated database tool for analyzing screening hits in drug discovery.
91  HIV associated encephalopathy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2017 Neurological manifestations of HIV-AIDS at a tertiary care institute in North Eastern India.
92  HIV patients with associated dementia
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
2004 Decreased brain dopaminergic transporters in HIV-associated dementia patients.
93  HIV-associated dementia complex
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2006 Intrahippocampal injections of Tat: effects on prepulse inhibition of the auditory startle response in adult male rats.
94  HIV-associated subcortical dementia
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2005 Potential role for white matter lysosome expansion in HIV-associated dementia.
95  HIV-infected individuals with both neurocognitive impairment
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
cART (1 time)
HAND (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2018 OAS Gene Family Expression Is Associated with HIV-Related Neurocognitive Disorders.
96  HL-ACET discrepancy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ACET (1 time)
BC (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2009 Air-conduction estimated from tympanometry (ACET): 2. The use of hearing level-ACET discrepancy (HAD) to determine appropriate use of bone-conduction tests in identifying permanent and mixed impairments.
97  home assisted ventilation
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Long-term results of intermittent ventilatory assistance for 74 severe obstructive chronic respiratory insufficient patients (PaCO2 greater than 50 Torr) ventilated for more than a year (author's transl)].
98  home-health and hospital care
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Home-health hospital care and the management of the final stage of a patient's life: perspectives of patients and their relatives].
99  homoharringtonine and daunorubicin and cytarabine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2009 [Prognosis and chromosomal abnormalities in 79 children with t (8;21) acute myeloid leukemia].
100  Hospital Administrative Database
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
HDIS (1 time)
HSJ (1 time)
VEPR (1 time)
2006 Monitoring the integration of hospital information systems: How it may ensure and improve the quality of data.