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Abbreviation: HC
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Long forms: 1356

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
healthy controls
(8764 times)
Neurology
(1686 times)
AD (702 times)
PD (628 times)
BD (499 times)
1980 Echocardiographic left ventricular masses in distance runners and weight lifters.
head circumference
(1118 times)
Pediatrics
(191 times)
WC (310 times)
BMI (270 times)
AC (236 times)
1975 Correlation of head circumference and crown-rump length in newborn infants. A potential indicator of congenital maldevelopment.
hydrocortisone
(721 times)
Pharmacology
(92 times)
DEX (41 times)
GC (31 times)
CAH (23 times)
1973 Erythrocyte catabolism by macrophages in vitro. The effect of hydrocortisone on erythrophagocytosis and on the induction of heme oxygenase.
heavy chain
(464 times)
Biochemistry
(95 times)
LC (193 times)
mAb (34 times)
ER (27 times)
1976 The pathways of protein synthesis and degradation in normal heart and during development and regression of cardiac hypertrophy.
hippocampus
(454 times)
Neurology
(177 times)
PFC (81 times)
AD (35 times)
ST (30 times)
1978 Activity of human hippocampal formation and amygdala neurons during memory testing.
hemorrhagic cystitis
(366 times)
Transplantation
(78 times)
HUS (79 times)
HSCT (68 times)
BKV (45 times)
1986 Method to Isolate Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Food.
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
(362 times)
Cardiology
(328 times)
LV (95 times)
CMR (19 times)
SCD (18 times)
1983 Vulnerability of patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy to ventricular arrhythmia induction in the operating room. Analysis of 17 patients.
hypercholesterolemia
(343 times)
Vascular Diseases
(76 times)
NC (37 times)
LDL (29 times)
TC (29 times)
1976 Turnover and aortic uptake of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) from hypercholesteremic rabbits as a model for testing antiatherosclerotic compounds.
high-carbohydrate
(239 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(81 times)
HF (114 times)
HP (67 times)
LC (24 times)
1975 Effects of high carbohydrate, high fat, or high protein diets on glucose oxidation by isolated intestinal epithelial cells of the chick.
10  hydrocarbon
(227 times)
Environmental Health
(136 times)
CO (101 times)
NOx (46 times)
PM (32 times)
1976 Perturbation of lecithin bilayer structure by globoside.
11  high-cholesterol
(203 times)
Vascular Diseases
(42 times)
WT (16 times)
LC (13 times)
HF (12 times)
1991 In vivo regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein B gene expressions by dietary fat and cholesterol in inbred strains of mice.
12  healthy control subjects
(199 times)
Psychiatry
(64 times)
AD (21 times)
PD (21 times)
SZ (18 times)
1985 [Gut hormone profiles after various types of gastrointestinal surgery].
13  hair cell
(191 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
HCL (33 times)
SCs (20 times)
SC (15 times)
1975 Hairy cell leukemia: functional, immunologic, kinetic, and ultrastructural characterization.
14  hormonal contraception
(177 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(29 times)
CI (14 times)
COC (8 times)
DMPA (8 times)
1986 Possible effects of hormonal contraceptives on human mitotic chromosomes.
15  healthy comparison
(153 times)
Psychiatry
(79 times)
BD (19 times)
AD (11 times)
fMRI (9 times)
1998 Physical symptoms, distress, and breast cancer risk perceptions in women with benign breast problems.
16  home care
(140 times)
Nursing
(24 times)
LTC (8 times)
NHS (6 times)
ADL (5 times)
1984 What does hospice cost?
17  hemicrania continua
(110 times)
Neurology
(93 times)
TACs (15 times)
PH (14 times)
CPH (13 times)
1990 "Hemicrania episodica"--a new type of headache or a pre-chronic stage of hemicrania continua?
18  hydrodynamic cavitation
(103 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(52 times)
PS (8 times)
AOPs (6 times)
SCB (6 times)
2009 Excess cell mass as an internal carbon source for biological denitrification.
19  homocysteine
(95 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
AD (10 times)
MTHFR (6 times)
PD (6 times)
1992 Plasma homocysteine in vascular disease and in nonvascular dementia of depressed elderly people.
20  hilar cholangiocarcinoma
(93 times)
General Surgery
(40 times)
OS (9 times)
BC (5 times)
ROC (5 times)
2003 EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration of suspected hilar cholangiocarcinoma in potentially operable patients with negative brush cytology.
21  horizontal cell
(82 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
PC (12 times)
BPPV (11 times)
OPL (8 times)
1978 Inputs to bipolar cell dendrites in goldfish retina.
22  hepatocytes
(76 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
KC (22 times)
HSC (9 times)
NPC (9 times)
1985 Hepatocyte function in sepsis: Kupffer cells mediate a biphasic protein synthesis response in hepatocytes after exposure to endotoxin or killed Escherichia coli.
23  healthy subjects
(70 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
IBD (6 times)
AD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
2000 Intestinal permeability in Behcet's syndrome.
24  hierarchical clustering
(63 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
PCA (16 times)
SOM (4 times)
EM (3 times)
2001 Distinct patterns of word retrieval in right and left frontal lobe patients: a multidimensional perspective.
25  hydatid cyst
(62 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
ADC (3 times)
HD (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
1999 [Echinococcus granulosus cysts in the liver. Ultrasonography findings during medical treatment].
26  hydrocephalus
(62 times)
Neurosurgery
(23 times)
CSF (14 times)
VP (8 times)
SB (6 times)
1990 Epilepsy in hydrocephalic children.
27  healthy children
(61 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
CD (6 times)
KD (5 times)
ADHD (4 times)
1996 Intestinal parasites in children and adults with and without abdominal discomfort from the Kathmandu area of Nepal.
28  hepatic cirrhosis
(60 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
HCC (7 times)
CH (6 times)
HBV (6 times)
1982 Decreased suppressor T cell activity in patients with hepatic cirrhosis (HC).
29  high-concentrate
(58 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
LC (25 times)
HF (9 times)
SARA (9 times)
1986 Exchanges of water and certain water-soluble minerals during passage of digesta through the stomach compartments of young ruminating bovines.
30  healthy control group
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
OHRQoL (4 times)
IL-10 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
2002 Psychological comorbidity and stress reactivity in children and adolescents with recurrent abdominal pain and anxiety disorders.
31  hydroxycarbamide
(49 times)
Hematology
(34 times)
SCD (14 times)
ET (13 times)
SCA (9 times)
2006 Comparison between anagrelide and hydroxycarbamide in their activities against haematopoietic progenitor cell growth and differentiation: selectivity of anagrelide for the megakaryocytic lineage.
32  hepatitis C
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
HB (15 times)
HCV (7 times)
HA (5 times)
1976 Epidemiology and mode of transmission of viral hepatitis A and B.
33  Huntington's chorea
(42 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (5 times)
ALS (4 times)
1975 Huntington's chorea associated with normal pressure hydrocephalus.
34  hybrid capture
(42 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
HPV (24 times)
PCR (8 times)
CIN (6 times)
1997 The laboratory diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infections.
35  hypercapnia
(42 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
HO (11 times)
BOLD (4 times)
CBF (4 times)
1977 Relationship between phosphaluria and acute hypercapnia in the rat.
36  hemochromatosis
(40 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
C282Y (3 times)
ARD (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1975 Alterations in tissue ferritins in iron storage disorders.
37  hematopoietic cells
(38 times)
Hematology
(10 times)
GVHD (4 times)
HCT (4 times)
CMV (3 times)
1983 Identification of a hypoxic population of bone marrow cells.
38  hydrochar
(38 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
HTC (12 times)
BC (11 times)
PW (4 times)
2012 Biochar and hydrochar effects on greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane) fluxes from soils.
39  health care
(36 times)
Health Services
(6 times)
HCE (2 times)
TTD (2 times)
apps (1 time)
1990 [New challenges for the general pediatrician: high technology applied to the patients].
40  hepatocellular carcinoma
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
HA (3 times)
NK (3 times)
OS (3 times)
1980 Further experience in treating patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Uganda.
41  haptocorrin
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
TC (19 times)
IF (13 times)
Cbl (5 times)
1990 Epidermal growth factor and haptocorrin in nasal secretion.
42  healthy comparison subjects
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
SZ (9 times)
MRI (7 times)
BD (6 times)
2002 Decreased left amygdala and hippocampal volumes in young offspring at risk for schizophrenia.
43  high-calorie
(34 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
LC (20 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1985 Influence of ingested load on postprandial insulin secretion. Role of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
44  hospital care
(34 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LOS (11 times)
PC (10 times)
NIS (3 times)
1983 Risk of myocardial infarction in Finnish men in relation to fluoride, magnesium and calcium concentration in drinking water.
45  hard carbon
(33 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(19 times)
SIBs (12 times)
ICE (7 times)
SEI (4 times)
2014 Novel design of ultra-fast Si anodes for Li-ion batteries: crystalline Si@amorphous Si encapsulating hard carbon.
46  historical control
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
IFN-alpha (2 times)
1987 Adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy after regional lymphadenectomy for malignant melanoma.
47  high-concentrate diet
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
LC (11 times)
SARA (7 times)
CON (6 times)
2008 Short communication: effect of changing the ratio of forage to concentrate on ammonia emissions by dairy heifers.
48  hydrolyzed collagen
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
MW (3 times)
EE (2 times)
EGCG (2 times)
2009 Degradation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) / hydrolyzed collagen (HC) blends active sludge test.
49  Health Canada
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
FDA (7 times)
TGA (4 times)
EMA (3 times)
1996 Risk assessment of use of cracked eggs in Canada.
50  healthy control individuals
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
BD (12 times)
UR (7 times)
8-oxodG (2 times)
2010 An fMRI study of the prefrontal activity during the performance of a working memory task in premutation carriers of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene with and without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS).
51  health coaching
(26 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HE (5 times)
CAL (2 times)
CG (2 times)
2012 Protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a specialized health coaching intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention in women: the HIPP study.
52  helper component
(25 times)
Virology
(19 times)
PVY (7 times)
TVMV (6 times)
CP (3 times)
1983 Helper components of two potyviruses are serologically distinct.
53  hepatocarcinoma
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
HCC (6 times)
AFP (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1986 Hepatoblastoma and hepatocarcinoma in children: analysis of a series of 29 cases.
54  honeycombing
(25 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
IPF (5 times)
UIP (5 times)
GG (4 times)
1995 Comparative efficiency of four selection methods for deriving high-yielding lines in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek].
55  hog cholera
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
BVD (7 times)
ASF (2 times)
BC (2 times)
1964 Complement-Fixing And Neutralizing Antibody Response To Bovine Viral Diarrhea And Hog Cholera Antigens.
56  high-carbohydrate diet
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
HF (11 times)
HP (7 times)
LC (6 times)
1991 Insulin-receptor binding in skeletal muscle of trout.
57  human capital
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
WTP (7 times)
FC (4 times)
GDP (3 times)
1999 The valuation of productivity costs due to premature mortality: a comparison of the human-capital and friction-cost methods for schizophrenia.
58  hydrogen cyanamide
(22 times)
Botany
(12 times)
ABA (5 times)
CAT (2 times)
DEPs (2 times)
2000 The transduction of the signal for grape bud dormancy breaking induced by hydrogen cyanamide may involve the SNF-like protein kinase GDBRPK.
59  hypercalciuria
(22 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
HU (7 times)
NC (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
1982 Tubular mechanism for the spontaneous hypercalciuria in laboratory rat.
60  hypercortisolism
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
ACTH (3 times)
NAD (2 times)
1,2-DiG (1 time)
1993 Effect of hyperadrenocorticism and diabetes mellitus on serum progesterone concentrations during early metoestrus of pregnant and non-pregnant cycles induced by pregnant mares' serum gonadotrophin in domestic dogs.
61  hypertensive crisis
(21 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
HE (6 times)
BP (5 times)
HU (5 times)
1989 [The treatment of hypertensive crisis with nifedipine as the basis].
62  histologic chorioamnionitis
(20 times)
Perinatology
(6 times)
BPD (6 times)
CI (5 times)
IVH (3 times)
2003 Relationship between histologic chorioamnionitis and early inflammatory variables in blood, tracheal aspirates, and endotracheal colonization in preterm infants.
63  hydrolyzed casein
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
BB (4 times)
NIH (4 times)
IDDM (3 times)
1991 Dietary plant materials and development of diabetes in the BB rat.
64  hydroxychavicol
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CI (2 times)
GTT (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
1989 Protective effect of hydroxychavicol, a phenolic component of betel leaf, against the tobacco-specific carcinogens.
65  hemicellulose
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
ADF (5 times)
NDF (5 times)
OM (4 times)
1984 Effects of fiber and virginiamycin on nutrient absorption, nutrient retention and rate of passage in growing swine.
66  high contrast
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
LC (12 times)
VA (5 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1994 [Clinical evaluation of asymmetric film-screen system for thoracic lesions].
67  hyaline cartilage
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CC (6 times)
OA (5 times)
CPPD (4 times)
1999 Chondrocyte-seeded collagen matrices implanted in a chondral defect in a canine model.
68  hypoglossal canal
(18 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
OC (6 times)
JF (4 times)
JT (4 times)
2005 A morphometric analysis of the foramen magnum region as it relates to the transcondylar approach.
69  Hurthle cells
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
FNAC (3 times)
FA (2 times)
FNAB (2 times)
1993 Morphologic diagnosis of Hurthle cell tumors of the thyroid gland.
70  Health Centre
(15 times)
Primary Health Care
(8 times)
EC (2 times)
AL (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1992 [Report on continuing care in 1990 at the Health Center I of Ciudad Real].
71  heparin cofactor II
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
AT (4 times)
CIEF (2 times)
Ag (1 time)
1987 Antithrombin III loss in patients with nephrotic syndrome or receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Evidence of inactive antithrombin III in urine of patients with nephrotic syndrome.
72  hippocampal commissure
(15 times)
Brain
(5 times)
CC (11 times)
AC (3 times)
LTP (2 times)
1983 Two-way avoidance behavior of the roman rat strains following brain lesions.
73  household contacts
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
PTB (3 times)
C-DM2 (2 times)
DTH (2 times)
1987 [Delayed cutaneous response to different antigens in household contacts of leprosy patients and controls].
74  Houttuynia cordata
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
eHCP (2 times)
eNOS (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
2006 Pretreatments of chromatographic fingerprints for quality control of herbal medicines.
75  hyaline cells
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
GC (10 times)
SGC (9 times)
PO (8 times)
1989 Hyaline cells in chondroid syringomas. A light-microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study.
76  hydrocortisone acetate
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
BM (2 times)
CS (2 times)
PB (2 times)
1978 Differential effect of hydrocortisone on lymphocyte populations in the mouse spleen.
77  hypercalcemia
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
PTH (3 times)
TAL (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1976 Prevalence of hypercalcaemia in a health screening in Stockholm.
78  handling control
(14 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
CIH (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
1975 Olfactory bulbectomy and nursing behavior in rat pups (Wistar DAB).
79  healthy cognition
(14 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MCI (7 times)
AD (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
2012 Comparative accuracies of two common screening instruments forclassification of Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, andhealthy aging.
80  hemoglobin concentration
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RBC (4 times)
MCV (3 times)
RT (3 times)
1992 [Changes in the hemoglobin content of the erythrocytes in white rats in ontogeny].
81  heparin-coated
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CPB (3 times)
NC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
1992 Decreased blood loss after cardiopulmonary bypass using heparin-coated circuit and 50% reduction of heparin dose.
82  high-content
(14 times)
Brain
(2 times)
LC (7 times)
CAPA (2 times)
COCs (2 times)
2009 Interaction patterns in crisis negotiations: persuasive arguments and cultural differences.
83  healthy participants
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CD (2 times)
MDD (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2014 Social trait judgment and affect recognition from static faces and video vignettes in schizophrenia.
84  heterochromatin
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DSBs (4 times)
DSB (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1991 A cattle breed close to 58 diploid number due to high frequency of rob(1;29).
85  high concentration
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LC (12 times)
4-APh (1 time)
4-NPh (1 time)
2001 Relaxing and contracting activities of heartworm extract on isolated canine abdominal aorta.
86  high-cost
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LC (6 times)
MBL (5 times)
CLL (4 times)
2013 Shortened acquisition time or reduced-activity dose for gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with new reconstruction algorithm.
87  historical cohort
(13 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CC (7 times)
CI (3 times)
MC (2 times)
2005 Postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy in sinonasal carcinoma: clinical results in 39 patients.
88  hydraulic conductivity
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
MSW (2 times)
TEER (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
2001 Hydraulic conductivity of fixed retinal tissue after sequential excimer laser ablation: barriers limiting fluid distribution and implications for cystoid macular edema.
89  hemorrhagic complications
(12 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ASE (2 times)
AVF (2 times)
LSG (2 times)
2002 [Platelet antiaggregation and hemorrhagic risk in hemodialysis].
90  high-confidence
(12 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
LC (4 times)
AP-MS (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2006 Stratus not altocumulus: a new view of the yeast protein interaction network.
91  hypoxic control
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
NC (9 times)
HT (3 times)
NT (3 times)
1992 Effects of endurance training under hyperoxia on serum and tissue lipid levels in rats.
92  Hassall's corpuscles
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
mAbs (3 times)
CK (2 times)
TEC (2 times)
1981 The epithelial framework of the thymus in normal and pathological conditions. Immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin in an autopsy series.
93  hematologic cancer
(11 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
ICU (2 times)
AML (1 time)
BMTE (1 time)
2009 [Etiology of febrile neutropenia episodes among cancer patients from Hospital Clinico Universidad Catolica, Santiago-Chile].
94  high-refined carbohydrate-containing
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
WT (3 times)
iNOS (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2013 Acute and sustained inflammation and metabolic dysfunction induced by high refined carbohydrate-containing diet in mice.
95  highest concavity
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CCT (3 times)
DA (3 times)
ACD (1 time)
2013 Impact of chamber pressure and material properties on the deformation response of corneal models measured by dynamic ultra-high-speed Scheimpflug imaging.
96  homocystinuria
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MMA (4 times)
AMI (1 time)
cbEGF (1 time)
1983 Angiographic findings in homocystinuria.
97  hypoxic conditions
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
NC (4 times)
7-NI (1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
2005 Low ambient o(2) enhances ureteric bud branching in vitro.
98  25-hydroxycholesterol
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CH (2 times)
20alpha- HC (1 time)
25-HC (1 time)
2009 Regulation of fibroblast mitochondrial 27-hydroxycholesterol production by active plasma membrane cholesterol.
99  healthy comparison group
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
AN (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2004 Set shifting in anorexia nervosa: an examination before and after weight gain, in full recovery and relationship to childhood and adult OCPD traits.
100  hemichannel
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Cx43 (5 times)
Cx (2 times)
GJ (2 times)
2012 Mechanical stress-activated integrin alpha5beta1 induces opening of connexin 43 hemichannels.