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Abbreviation: HC
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Long forms: 1244

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
healthy controls
(7172 times)
Neurology
(1419 times)
AD (600 times)
PD (484 times)
BD (423 times)
1980 Echocardiographic left ventricular masses in distance runners and weight lifters.
head circumference
(973 times)
Pediatrics
(175 times)
WC (257 times)
BMI (216 times)
AC (210 times)
1975 Correlation of head circumference and crown-rump length in newborn infants. A potential indicator of congenital maldevelopment.
hydrocortisone
(697 times)
Pharmacology
(90 times)
DEX (40 times)
GC (29 times)
EGF (20 times)
1973 Erythrocyte catabolism by macrophages in vitro. The effect of hydrocortisone on erythrophagocytosis and on the induction of heme oxygenase.
heavy chain
(442 times)
Biochemistry
(94 times)
LC (181 times)
mAb (32 times)
ER (27 times)
1976 The pathways of protein synthesis and degradation in normal heart and during development and regression of cardiac hypertrophy.
hippocampus
(414 times)
Neurology
(161 times)
PFC (74 times)
AD (31 times)
ST (30 times)
1978 Activity of human hippocampal formation and amygdala neurons during memory testing.
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
(351 times)
Cardiology
(318 times)
LV (95 times)
SCD (18 times)
CMR (17 times)
1983 Vulnerability of patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy to ventricular arrhythmia induction in the operating room. Analysis of 17 patients.
hemorrhagic cystitis
(338 times)
Transplantation
(75 times)
HUS (77 times)
HSCT (60 times)
BKV (41 times)
1986 Method to Isolate Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Food.
hypercholesterolemia
(326 times)
Vascular Diseases
(72 times)
NC (36 times)
TC (28 times)
LDL (27 times)
1976 Turnover and aortic uptake of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) from hypercholesteremic rabbits as a model for testing antiatherosclerotic compounds.
high-carbohydrate
(234 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(79 times)
HF (112 times)
HP (66 times)
LC (24 times)
1975 Effects of high carbohydrate, high fat, or high protein diets on glucose oxidation by isolated intestinal epithelial cells of the chick.
10  hydrocarbon
(208 times)
Environmental Health
(126 times)
CO (89 times)
NOx (38 times)
PM (27 times)
1976 Perturbation of lecithin bilayer structure by globoside.
11  high-cholesterol
(199 times)
Vascular Diseases
(41 times)
WT (16 times)
LC (13 times)
NC (12 times)
1991 In vivo regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein B gene expressions by dietary fat and cholesterol in inbred strains of mice.
12  healthy control subjects
(176 times)
Psychiatry
(60 times)
AD (20 times)
PD (19 times)
SZ (16 times)
1985 [Gut hormone profiles after various types of gastrointestinal surgery].
13  hair cell
(174 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
HCL (32 times)
SCs (18 times)
SC (15 times)
1975 Hairy cell leukemia: functional, immunologic, kinetic, and ultrastructural characterization.
14  hormonal contraception
(146 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(26 times)
CI (12 times)
DMPA (8 times)
NET-EN (7 times)
1986 Possible effects of hormonal contraceptives on human mitotic chromosomes.
15  healthy comparison
(143 times)
Psychiatry
(74 times)
BD (18 times)
AD (11 times)
AN (7 times)
1998 Physical symptoms, distress, and breast cancer risk perceptions in women with benign breast problems.
16  home care
(126 times)
Nursing
(22 times)
LTC (8 times)
NHS (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1984 What does hospice cost?
17  hemicrania continua
(105 times)
Neurology
(91 times)
PH (14 times)
TACs (14 times)
CPH (13 times)
1990 "Hemicrania episodica"--a new type of headache or a pre-chronic stage of hemicrania continua?
18  homocysteine
(90 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
AD (10 times)
PD (6 times)
CSF (5 times)
1992 Plasma homocysteine in vascular disease and in nonvascular dementia of depressed elderly people.
19  hilar cholangiocarcinoma
(84 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
OS (9 times)
ROC (5 times)
B-C (4 times)
2003 EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration of suspected hilar cholangiocarcinoma in potentially operable patients with negative brush cytology.
20  hydrodynamic cavitation
(83 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(48 times)
SCB (6 times)
US (6 times)
AOPs (4 times)
2009 Excess cell mass as an internal carbon source for biological denitrification.
21  horizontal cell
(80 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
PC (13 times)
BPPV (10 times)
AC (8 times)
1978 Inputs to bipolar cell dendrites in goldfish retina.
22  hepatocytes
(76 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
KC (22 times)
HSC (9 times)
NPC (9 times)
1985 Hepatocyte function in sepsis: Kupffer cells mediate a biphasic protein synthesis response in hepatocytes after exposure to endotoxin or killed Escherichia coli.
23  healthy control participants
(64 times)
Psychiatry
(28 times)
PD (6 times)
SZ (6 times)
BD (5 times)
1997 Decreased endotoxin-binding capacity of whole blood in patients with alcoholic liver disease.
24  healthy subjects
(59 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
AD (5 times)
IBD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
2000 Intestinal permeability in Behcet's syndrome.
25  hepatic cirrhosis
(59 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
HCC (7 times)
CH (6 times)
HBV (6 times)
1982 Decreased suppressor T cell activity in patients with hepatic cirrhosis (HC).
26  hydrocephalus
(59 times)
Neurosurgery
(21 times)
CSF (14 times)
VP (7 times)
SB (6 times)
1990 Epilepsy in hydrocephalic children.
27  hierarchical clustering
(55 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
PCA (15 times)
SOM (4 times)
ML (3 times)
2001 Distinct patterns of word retrieval in right and left frontal lobe patients: a multidimensional perspective.
28  hydatid cyst
(55 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
ADC (3 times)
HD (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
1999 [Echinococcus granulosus cysts in the liver. Ultrasonography findings during medical treatment].
29  healthy children
(54 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CD (6 times)
KD (5 times)
ELISA (4 times)
1996 Intestinal parasites in children and adults with and without abdominal discomfort from the Kathmandu area of Nepal.
30  high-concentrate
(52 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
LC (21 times)
HF (9 times)
SARA (9 times)
1986 Exchanges of water and certain water-soluble minerals during passage of digesta through the stomach compartments of young ruminating bovines.
31  healthy control group
(45 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
OHRQoL (4 times)
IL-10 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
2002 Psychological comorbidity and stress reactivity in children and adolescents with recurrent abdominal pain and anxiety disorders.
32  hepatitis C
(45 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
HB (14 times)
HCV (7 times)
HA (5 times)
1976 Epidemiology and mode of transmission of viral hepatitis A and B.
33  hydroxycarbamide
(45 times)
Hematology
(32 times)
ET (13 times)
SCD (12 times)
SCA (8 times)
2006 Comparison between anagrelide and hydroxycarbamide in their activities against haematopoietic progenitor cell growth and differentiation: selectivity of anagrelide for the megakaryocytic lineage.
34  Huntington's chorea
(42 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (5 times)
ALS (4 times)
1975 Huntington's chorea associated with normal pressure hydrocephalus.
35  hybrid capture
(40 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
HPV (24 times)
PCR (8 times)
CIN (6 times)
1997 The laboratory diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infections.
36  hypercapnia
(40 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HO (11 times)
BOLD (4 times)
MCA (4 times)
1977 Relationship between phosphaluria and acute hypercapnia in the rat.
37  hemochromatosis
(39 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
C282Y (3 times)
ARD (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1975 Alterations in tissue ferritins in iron storage disorders.
38  hematopoietic cells
(35 times)
Hematology
(10 times)
HCT (4 times)
GVHD (3 times)
HSCs (3 times)
1983 Identification of a hypoxic population of bone marrow cells.
39  haptocorrin
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
TC (18 times)
IF (12 times)
Cbl (5 times)
1990 Epidermal growth factor and haptocorrin in nasal secretion.
40  high-calorie
(34 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
LC (20 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1985 Influence of ingested load on postprandial insulin secretion. Role of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
41  healthy comparison subjects
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(25 times)
SZ (9 times)
MRI (7 times)
BD (6 times)
2002 Decreased left amygdala and hippocampal volumes in young offspring at risk for schizophrenia.
42  hepatocellular carcinoma
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
HA (3 times)
OS (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
1980 Further experience in treating patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Uganda.
43  health care
(32 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HCE (2 times)
TTD (2 times)
apps (1 time)
1990 [New challenges for the general pediatrician: high technology applied to the patients].
44  hospital care
(28 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LOS (10 times)
PC (6 times)
NIS (3 times)
1983 Risk of myocardial infarction in Finnish men in relation to fluoride, magnesium and calcium concentration in drinking water.
45  historical control
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PC (3 times)
IFN-alpha (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1987 Adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy after regional lymphadenectomy for malignant melanoma.
46  helper component
(25 times)
Virology
(19 times)
PVY (7 times)
TVMV (6 times)
CP (3 times)
1983 Helper components of two potyviruses are serologically distinct.
47  hog cholera
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
BVD (7 times)
ASF (2 times)
BC (2 times)
1964 Complement-Fixing And Neutralizing Antibody Response To Bovine Viral Diarrhea And Hog Cholera Antigens.
48  high-concentrate diet
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
LC (9 times)
SARA (5 times)
CON (4 times)
2008 Short communication: effect of changing the ratio of forage to concentrate on ammonia emissions by dairy heifers.
49  hydrochar
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
BC (10 times)
HTC (6 times)
FW (2 times)
2012 Biochar and hydrochar effects on greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane) fluxes from soils.
50  healthy control individuals
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
BD (8 times)
UR (4 times)
CD (2 times)
2010 An fMRI study of the prefrontal activity during the performance of a working memory task in premutation carriers of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene with and without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS).
51  hepatocarcinoma
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AFP (4 times)
HCC (4 times)
HB (3 times)
1986 Hepatoblastoma and hepatocarcinoma in children: analysis of a series of 29 cases.
52  hypercalciuria
(22 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
HU (7 times)
NC (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
1982 Tubular mechanism for the spontaneous hypercalciuria in laboratory rat.
53  high-carbohydrate diet
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
HF (10 times)
HP (7 times)
LC (6 times)
1991 Insulin-receptor binding in skeletal muscle of trout.
54  honeycombing
(21 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
UIP (5 times)
IPF (4 times)
GG (3 times)
1995 Comparative efficiency of four selection methods for deriving high-yielding lines in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek].
55  health coaching
(20 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
HE (5 times)
CAL (2 times)
CPI (2 times)
2012 Protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a specialized health coaching intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention in women: the HIPP study.
56  histologic chorioamnionitis
(20 times)
Perinatology
(6 times)
BPD (6 times)
CI (5 times)
IVH (3 times)
2003 Relationship between histologic chorioamnionitis and early inflammatory variables in blood, tracheal aspirates, and endotracheal colonization in preterm infants.
57  hydrogen cyanamide
(20 times)
Botany
(12 times)
ABA (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
DEPs (2 times)
2000 The transduction of the signal for grape bud dormancy breaking induced by hydrogen cyanamide may involve the SNF-like protein kinase GDBRPK.
58  hydrolyzed casein
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
BB (4 times)
NIH (4 times)
IDDM (3 times)
1991 Dietary plant materials and development of diabetes in the BB rat.
59  hydrolyzed collagen
(20 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PVC (2 times)
ABTS (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2009 Degradation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) / hydrolyzed collagen (HC) blends active sludge test.
60  hypertensive crisis
(20 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
BP (5 times)
HE (5 times)
HU (4 times)
1989 [The treatment of hypertensive crisis with nifedipine as the basis].
61  hard carbon
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
SIBs (6 times)
ICE (3 times)
a-Si (1 time)
2014 Novel design of ultra-fast Si anodes for Li-ion batteries: crystalline Si@amorphous Si encapsulating hard carbon.
62  Health Canada
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
FDA (4 times)
TGA (3 times)
AAFC (2 times)
1996 Risk assessment of use of cracked eggs in Canada.
63  hemicellulose
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
ADF (5 times)
NDF (5 times)
OM (4 times)
1984 Effects of fiber and virginiamycin on nutrient absorption, nutrient retention and rate of passage in growing swine.
64  hyaline cartilage
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CC (6 times)
OA (5 times)
CPPD (4 times)
1999 Chondrocyte-seeded collagen matrices implanted in a chondral defect in a canine model.
65  Hydroxychavicol
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
GTT (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
5-FC (1 time)
1989 Protective effect of hydroxychavicol, a phenolic component of betel leaf, against the tobacco-specific carcinogens.
66  high contrast
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
LC (11 times)
VA (4 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1994 [Clinical evaluation of asymmetric film-screen system for thoracic lesions].
67  Hurthle cells
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
FNAC (3 times)
FA (2 times)
FNAB (2 times)
1993 Morphologic diagnosis of Hurthle cell tumors of the thyroid gland.
68  heparin cofactor II
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
AT (5 times)
APTT (1 time)
ATH (1 time)
1987 Antithrombin III loss in patients with nephrotic syndrome or receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Evidence of inactive antithrombin III in urine of patients with nephrotic syndrome.
69  household contacts
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
PTB (3 times)
C-DM2 (2 times)
DTH (2 times)
1987 [Delayed cutaneous response to different antigens in household contacts of leprosy patients and controls].
70  hyaline cells
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
GC (10 times)
SGC (9 times)
PO (8 times)
1989 Hyaline cells in chondroid syringomas. A light-microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study.
71  hypercalcemia
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
PTH (3 times)
TAL (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1976 Prevalence of hypercalcaemia in a health screening in Stockholm.
72  hypercortisolism
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ACTH (2 times)
NAD (2 times)
24HUC (1 time)
1993 Effect of hyperadrenocorticism and diabetes mellitus on serum progesterone concentrations during early metoestrus of pregnant and non-pregnant cycles induced by pregnant mares' serum gonadotrophin in domestic dogs.
73  hypoglossal canal
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
OC (6 times)
JF (4 times)
FM (3 times)
2005 A morphometric analysis of the foramen magnum region as it relates to the transcondylar approach.
74  handling control
(14 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
CIH (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
1975 Olfactory bulbectomy and nursing behavior in rat pups (Wistar DAB).
75  hemoglobin concentration
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RBC (4 times)
MCV (3 times)
RT (3 times)
1992 [Changes in the hemoglobin content of the erythrocytes in white rats in ontogeny].
76  heparin-coated
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CPB (3 times)
NC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
1992 Decreased blood loss after cardiopulmonary bypass using heparin-coated circuit and 50% reduction of heparin dose.
77  hippocampal commissure
(14 times)
Brain
(5 times)
CC (10 times)
AC (3 times)
LTP (2 times)
1983 Two-way avoidance behavior of the roman rat strains following brain lesions.
78  hydrocortisone acetate
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
BM (2 times)
CS (2 times)
PB (2 times)
1978 Differential effect of hydrocortisone on lymphocyte populations in the mouse spleen.
79  high-content
(13 times)
Brain
(2 times)
LC (7 times)
CAPA (2 times)
COCs (2 times)
2009 Interaction patterns in crisis negotiations: persuasive arguments and cultural differences.
80  Houttuynia cordata
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
eHCP (2 times)
eNOS (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
2006 Pretreatments of chromatographic fingerprints for quality control of herbal medicines.
81  human capital
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
WTP (5 times)
FC (4 times)
GDP (3 times)
1999 The valuation of productivity costs due to premature mortality: a comparison of the human-capital and friction-cost methods for schizophrenia.
82  hypoxic control
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
NC (9 times)
HT (3 times)
NT (3 times)
1992 Effects of endurance training under hyperoxia on serum and tissue lipid levels in rats.
83  Hassall's corpuscles
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
mAbs (3 times)
CK (2 times)
TEC (2 times)
1981 The epithelial framework of the thymus in normal and pathological conditions. Immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin in an autopsy series.
84  healthy control children
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
NDD-CKD (2 times)
TB (2 times)
Aa (1 time)
2011 Subjective, autonomic, and endocrine reactivity during social stress in children with social phobia.
85  hemichannel
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Cx43 (5 times)
Cx (2 times)
GJ (2 times)
2012 Mechanical stress-activated integrin alpha5beta1 induces opening of connexin 43 hemichannels.
86  heterochromatin
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DSBs (4 times)
DSB (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1991 A cattle breed close to 58 diploid number due to high frequency of rob(1;29).
87  high-confidence
(11 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
LC (4 times)
AP-MS (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2006 Stratus not altocumulus: a new view of the yeast protein interaction network.
88  high-count
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LC (5 times)
MBL (5 times)
CLL (4 times)
2013 Shortened acquisition time or reduced-activity dose for gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with new reconstruction algorithm.
89  high-refined carbohydrate-containing
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
WT (3 times)
iNOS (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2013 Acute and sustained inflammation and metabolic dysfunction induced by high refined carbohydrate-containing diet in mice.
90  homocystinuria
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MMA (4 times)
AMI (1 time)
cbEGF (1 time)
1983 Angiographic findings in homocystinuria.
91  25-hydroxycholesterol
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CH (2 times)
20alpha-HC (1 time)
25-HC (1 time)
2009 Regulation of fibroblast mitochondrial 27-hydroxycholesterol production by active plasma membrane cholesterol.
92  healthy participants
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2014 Social trait judgment and affect recognition from static faces and video vignettes in schizophrenia.
93  hemorrhagic complications
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
LSG (2 times)
VTEC (2 times)
aPCC (1 time)
2002 [Platelet antiaggregation and hemorrhagic risk in hemodialysis].
94  high concentration
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LC (9 times)
4-APh (1 time)
4-NPh (1 time)
2001 Relaxing and contracting activities of heartworm extract on isolated canine abdominal aorta.
95  highest concavity
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
DA (3 times)
CCT (2 times)
adjAP1 (1 time)
2013 Impact of chamber pressure and material properties on the deformation response of corneal models measured by dynamic ultra-high-speed Scheimpflug imaging.
96  human chondrocytes
(10 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
OA (3 times)
MMP (2 times)
MSC (2 times)
2005 In-vitro analysis of the expression of TGFbeta -superfamily-members during chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and chondrocytes during dedifferentiation in cell culture.
97  Hurthle cell carcinomas
(10 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
FC (6 times)
HA (5 times)
PC (4 times)
1998 Polymerase chain reaction-based microsatellite polymorphism analysis of follicular and Hurthle cell neoplasms of the thyroid.
98  H chain
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
BCR (1 time)
BoNTs (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2002 Recruitment of MHC class I molecules by tapasin into the transporter associated with antigen processing-associated complex is essential for optimal peptide loading.
99  healthy cognition
(9 times)
Dementia
(1 time)
MCI (4 times)
AD (2 times)
BG (1 time)
2012 Comparative accuracies of two common screening instruments forclassification of Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, andhealthy aging.
100  hematologic cancer
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
BMTE (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CTs (1 time)
2009 [Etiology of febrile neutropenia episodes among cancer patients from Hospital Clinico Universidad Catolica, Santiago-Chile].