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Abbreviation: HC
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Long forms: 1156

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
healthy controls
(5678 times)
Neurology
(1172 times)
AD (484 times)
MS (359 times)
PD (359 times)
0 Elderly Patients with Ongoing Migraine Show Reduced Gray Matter Volume in Second Somatosensory Cortex.
head circumference
(853 times)
Pediatrics
(163 times)
WC (223 times)
AC (192 times)
BMI (182 times)
1975 Correlation of head circumference and crown-rump length in newborn infants. A potential indicator of congenital maldevelopment.
hydrocortisone
(665 times)
Pharmacology
(86 times)
DEX (40 times)
GC (26 times)
EGF (20 times)
1973 Erythrocyte catabolism by macrophages in vitro. The effect of hydrocortisone on erythrophagocytosis and on the induction of heme oxygenase.
heavy chain
(429 times)
Biochemistry
(92 times)
LC (172 times)
mAb (30 times)
ER (25 times)
1976 The pathways of protein synthesis and degradation in normal heart and during development and regression of cardiac hypertrophy.
hippocampus
(383 times)
Neurology
(149 times)
PFC (67 times)
ST (30 times)
AD (27 times)
1978 Activity of human hippocampal formation and amygdala neurons during memory testing.
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
(334 times)
Cardiology
(303 times)
LV (91 times)
ECG (16 times)
SCD (16 times)
1983 Vulnerability of patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy to ventricular arrhythmia induction in the operating room. Analysis of 17 patients.
hemorrhagic cystitis
(319 times)
Transplantation
(74 times)
HUS (74 times)
HSCT (57 times)
BKV (39 times)
1986 Method to Isolate Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Food.
hypercholesterolemia
(318 times)
Vascular Diseases
(73 times)
NC (37 times)
LDL (28 times)
TC (27 times)
1976 Turnover and aortic uptake of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) from hypercholesteremic rabbits as a model for testing antiatherosclerotic compounds.
high-carbohydrate
(226 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(75 times)
HF (111 times)
HP (63 times)
LC (24 times)
1975 Effects of high carbohydrate, high fat, or high protein diets on glucose oxidation by isolated intestinal epithelial cells of the chick.
10  high-cholesterol
(190 times)
Vascular Diseases
(40 times)
WT (16 times)
LC (13 times)
HF (11 times)
1991 In vivo regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein B gene expressions by dietary fat and cholesterol in inbred strains of mice.
11  hydrocarbon
(180 times)
Environmental Health
(112 times)
CO (77 times)
NOx (29 times)
PM (24 times)
1976 Perturbation of lecithin bilayer structure by globoside.
12  healthy control subjects
(157 times)
Psychiatry
(58 times)
AD (20 times)
SZ (16 times)
PD (14 times)
1985 [Gut hormone profiles after various types of gastrointestinal surgery].
13  hair cell
(154 times)
Hematology
(29 times)
HCL (33 times)
SCs (15 times)
SC (12 times)
1975 Hairy cell leukemia: functional, immunologic, kinetic, and ultrastructural characterization.
14  hormonal contraception
(129 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(23 times)
CI (11 times)
DMPA (8 times)
NET-EN (6 times)
1986 Possible effects of hormonal contraceptives on human mitotic chromosomes.
15  healthy comparison
(126 times)
Psychiatry
(66 times)
BD (17 times)
AD (10 times)
AN (7 times)
1998 Physical symptoms, distress, and breast cancer risk perceptions in women with benign breast problems.
16  home care
(115 times)
Nursing
(18 times)
LTC (6 times)
NHS (5 times)
CC (4 times)
1984 What does hospice cost?
17  hemicrania continua
(103 times)
Neurology
(90 times)
CPH (13 times)
PH (13 times)
TACs (13 times)
1990 "Hemicrania episodica"--a new type of headache or a pre-chronic stage of hemicrania continua?
18  homocysteine
(90 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
AD (10 times)
PD (6 times)
CSF (5 times)
1992 Plasma homocysteine in vascular disease and in nonvascular dementia of depressed elderly people.
19  health center
(85 times)
Primary Health Care
(26 times)
ART (4 times)
PHC (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1983 Changes of the mean birth weight in frequency tables with various number of classes--by prefecture, health center and city-town-village.
20  horizontal cell
(74 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
PC (10 times)
BPPV (7 times)
OPL (7 times)
1978 Inputs to bipolar cell dendrites in goldfish retina.
21  hepatocytes
(71 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
KC (22 times)
NPC (9 times)
HSC (8 times)
1985 Hepatocyte function in sepsis: Kupffer cells mediate a biphasic protein synthesis response in hepatocytes after exposure to endotoxin or killed Escherichia coli.
22  hilar cholangiocarcinoma
(70 times)
General Surgery
(32 times)
OS (7 times)
B-C (4 times)
ROC (4 times)
2004 EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration of suspected hilar cholangiocarcinoma in potentially operable patients with negative brush cytology.
23  hydrodynamic cavitation
(63 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(37 times)
SCB (5 times)
US (5 times)
AOPs (4 times)
2010 Excess cell mass as an internal carbon source for biological denitrification.
24  hepatic cirrhosis
(58 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
CH (6 times)
HBV (6 times)
HCC (6 times)
1982 Decreased suppressor T cell activity in patients with hepatic cirrhosis (HC).
25  hydrocephalus
(57 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
CSF (13 times)
SB (6 times)
VP (6 times)
1990 Epilepsy in hydrocephalic children.
26  healthy subjects
(53 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
AD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
BPD (3 times)
2001 Intestinal permeability in Behcet's syndrome.
27  healthy children
(49 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CD (6 times)
KD (5 times)
ELISA (4 times)
1996 Intestinal parasites in children and adults with and without abdominal discomfort from the Kathmandu area of Nepal.
28  hierarchical clustering
(46 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PCA (9 times)
SOM (4 times)
CA (2 times)
2001 Distinct patterns of word retrieval in right and left frontal lobe patients: a multidimensional perspective.
29  hydatid cyst
(46 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
TTE (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
CE (2 times)
1999 [Echinococcus granulosus cysts in the liver. Ultrasonography findings during medical treatment].
30  healthy control participants
(45 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
SZ (5 times)
fMRI (3 times)
FNS (3 times)
2007 Reduced ventral anterior cingulate and amygdala volumes in medication-naive females with major depressive disorder: A voxel-based morphometric magnetic resonance imaging study.
31  hepatitis C
(45 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
HB (14 times)
HCV (7 times)
HA (5 times)
0 [Pandemic of hepatitis C virus infection].
32  high-concentrate
(42 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
LC (19 times)
LPS (7 times)
SARA (7 times)
1986 Exchanges of water and certain water-soluble minerals during passage of digesta through the stomach compartments of young ruminating bovines.
33  Huntington's chorea
(42 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (5 times)
ALS (4 times)
1975 Huntington's chorea associated with normal pressure hydrocephalus.
34  hydroxycarbamide
(42 times)
Hematology
(29 times)
ET (12 times)
SCD (11 times)
SCA (7 times)
2006 Comparison between anagrelide and hydroxycarbamide in their activities against haematopoietic progenitor cell growth and differentiation: selectivity of anagrelide for the megakaryocytic lineage.
35  healthy control group
(40 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IL-10 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
OHRQoL (3 times)
2003 Psychological comorbidity and stress reactivity in children and adolescents with recurrent abdominal pain and anxiety disorders.
36  hybrid capture
(39 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
HPV (24 times)
PCR (8 times)
CIN (6 times)
1997 The laboratory diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infections.
37  hemochromatosis
(38 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
C282Y (3 times)
ARD (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1975 Alterations in tissue ferritins in iron storage disorders.
38  hypercapnia
(37 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HO (10 times)
MCA (4 times)
BOLD (3 times)
1977 Relationship between phosphaluria and acute hypercapnia in the rat.
39  haptocorrin
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
TC (18 times)
IF (12 times)
Cbl (5 times)
1990 Epidermal growth factor and haptocorrin in nasal secretion.
40  high-calorie
(33 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
LC (19 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1985 Influence of ingested load on postprandial insulin secretion. Role of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
41  hematopoietic cells
(32 times)
Hematology
(10 times)
HCT (3 times)
HSCs (3 times)
EC (2 times)
1983 Identification of a hypoxic population of bone marrow cells.
42  hepatocellular carcinoma
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
HA (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
CHC (2 times)
1980 Further experience in treating patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Uganda.
43  healthy comparison subjects
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
MRI (7 times)
SZ (7 times)
BD (6 times)
2002 Decreased left amygdala and hippocampal volumes in young offspring at risk for schizophrenia.
44  health care
(26 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HAI (2 times)
HCE (2 times)
IC (2 times)
1990 [New challenges for the general pediatrician: high technology applied to the patients].
45  historical control
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PC (3 times)
IFN-alpha (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1987 Adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy after regional lymphadenectomy for malignant melanoma.
46  helper component
(25 times)
Virology
(19 times)
PVY (7 times)
TVMV (6 times)
CP (3 times)
1983 Helper components of two potyviruses are serologically distinct.
47  hog cholera
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
BVD (7 times)
ASF (2 times)
BC (2 times)
1964 Complement-Fixing And Neutralizing Antibody Response To Bovine Viral Diarrhea And Hog Cholera Antigens.
48  hospital charges
(24 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LOS (9 times)
PC (5 times)
AC (2 times)
1983 Risk of myocardial infarction in Finnish men in relation to fluoride, magnesium and calcium concentration in drinking water.
49  high-carbohydrate diet
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
HF (12 times)
HP (9 times)
LC (4 times)
1979 A study of the effect of dietary factors and various exercises on the swimming performance of the albino rat.
50  hypercalciuria
(22 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
HU (7 times)
NC (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
1982 Tubular mechanism for the spontaneous hypercalciuria in laboratory rat.
51  hepatocarcinoma
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AFP (4 times)
HCC (4 times)
HB (3 times)
1986 Hepatoblastoma and hepatocarcinoma in children: analysis of a series of 29 cases.
52  hydrolyzed casein
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
BB (4 times)
NIH (4 times)
IDDM (3 times)
1991 Dietary plant materials and development of diabetes in the BB rat.
53  high-concentrate diet
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
LC (9 times)
SARA (5 times)
CON (2 times)
2008 Short communication: effect of changing the ratio of forage to concentrate on ammonia emissions by dairy heifers.
54  hypertensive crisis
(18 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
BP (5 times)
HE (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 [The treatment of hypertensive crisis with nifedipine as the basis].
55  Health Canada
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
FDA (3 times)
AAFC (2 times)
EU (2 times)
1996 Risk assessment of use of cracked eggs in Canada.
56  healthy control individuals
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
BD (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
2011 An fMRI study of the prefrontal activity during the performance of a working memory task in premutation carriers of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene with and without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS).
57  histologic chorioamnionitis
(17 times)
Perinatology
(6 times)
BPD (6 times)
CI (5 times)
OR (3 times)
2003 Relationship between histologic chorioamnionitis and early inflammatory variables in blood, tracheal aspirates, and endotracheal colonization in preterm infants.
58  hydrogen cyanamide
(17 times)
Botany
(11 times)
ABA (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
ED (2 times)
2000 The transduction of the signal for grape bud dormancy breaking induced by hydrogen cyanamide may involve the SNF-like protein kinase GDBRPK.
59  hydroxychavicol
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
GTT (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
5-FC (1 time)
1989 Protective effect of hydroxychavicol, a phenolic component of betel leaf, against the tobacco-specific carcinogens.
60  health coaching
(16 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
HE (5 times)
CAL (2 times)
CPI (2 times)
2012 Protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a specialized health coaching intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention in women: the HIPP study.
61  heparin cofactor II
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
AT (5 times)
CIEF (2 times)
Ag (1 time)
1987 Antithrombin III loss in patients with nephrotic syndrome or receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Evidence of inactive antithrombin III in urine of patients with nephrotic syndrome.
62  Hurthle cells
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
FNAC (3 times)
FA (2 times)
FNAB (2 times)
1993 Morphologic diagnosis of Hurthle cell tumors of the thyroid gland.
63  hydrolyzed collagen
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
PVC (2 times)
ABTS (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2008 Degradation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) / hydrolyzed collagen (HC) blends active sludge test.
64  hyaline cells
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
GC (10 times)
SGC (9 times)
PO (8 times)
1989 Hyaline cells in chondroid syringomas. A light-microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study.
65  hypercalcemia
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
PTH (3 times)
TAL (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1976 Prevalence of hypercalcaemia in a health screening in Stockholm.
66  heparin-coated
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CPB (3 times)
NC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
1992 Decreased blood loss after cardiopulmonary bypass using heparin-coated circuit and 50% reduction of heparin dose.
67  high contrast
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
LC (10 times)
VA (4 times)
AMD (1 time)
1994 [Clinical evaluation of asymmetric film-screen system for thoracic lesions].
68  hippocampal commissure
(14 times)
Brain
(5 times)
CC (10 times)
AC (3 times)
LTP (2 times)
1983 Two-way avoidance behavior of the roman rat strains following brain lesions.
69  hyaline cartilage
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CC (4 times)
CPPD (3 times)
US (3 times)
1998 Chondrocyte-seeded collagen matrices implanted in a chondral defect in a canine model.
70  hydrocortisone acetate
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
BM (2 times)
CS (2 times)
PB (2 times)
1978 Differential effect of hydrocortisone on lymphocyte populations in the mouse spleen.
71  hypoglossal canal
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
OC (5 times)
JF (4 times)
FM (3 times)
2005 A morphometric analysis of the foramen magnum region as it relates to the transcondylar approach.
72  handled controls
(13 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
CIH (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
1975 Olfactory bulbectomy and nursing behavior in rat pups (Wistar DAB).
73  Health Centres
(13 times)
Primary Health Care
(6 times)
CP (2 times)
OC (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1993 [Factors related to community participation in primary care in the province of Toledo].
74  hemicellulose
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ADF (4 times)
NDF (4 times)
OM (3 times)
1984 Effects of fiber and virginiamycin on nutrient absorption, nutrient retention and rate of passage in growing swine.
75  household contacts
(13 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
DTH (2 times)
EC (2 times)
MB (2 times)
1987 [Delayed cutaneous response to different antigens in household contacts of leprosy patients and controls].
76  hypercortisolism
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
24HUC (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AVN (1 time)
1993 Effect of hyperadrenocorticism and diabetes mellitus on serum progesterone concentrations during early metoestrus of pregnant and non-pregnant cycles induced by pregnant mares' serum gonadotrophin in domestic dogs.
77  hard carbon
(11 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(3 times)
SIBs (2 times)
a-Si (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
2014 Novel design of ultra-fast Si anodes for Li-ion batteries: crystalline Si@amorphous Si encapsulating hard carbon.
78  Hassall's corpuscles
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
mAbs (3 times)
CK (2 times)
TEC (2 times)
1981 The epithelial framework of the thymus in normal and pathological conditions. Immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin in an autopsy series.
79  hemoglobin concentration
(11 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RBC (3 times)
MCV (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1992 [Changes in the hemoglobin content of the erythrocytes in white rats in ontogeny].
80  heterochromatin
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DSBs (4 times)
DSB (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1991 A cattle breed close to 58 diploid number due to high frequency of rob(1;29).
81  Houttuynia cordata
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
eHCP (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
ALI/ARDS (1 time)
2005 Identification of essential components of Houttuynia cordata by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and the integrated chemometric approach.
82  human capital
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
WTP (5 times)
FC (4 times)
BenMAP (2 times)
1999 The valuation of productivity costs due to premature mortality: a comparison of the human-capital and friction-cost methods for schizophrenia.
83  hypoxic control
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NC (8 times)
HT (3 times)
NT (3 times)
1992 Effects of endurance training under hyperoxia on serum and tissue lipid levels in rats.
84  25-hydroxycholesterol
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CH (2 times)
20alpha- HC (1 time)
25-HC (1 time)
2009 Regulation of fibroblast mitochondrial 27-hydroxycholesterol production by active plasma membrane cholesterol.
85  hemorrhagic complications
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
LSG (2 times)
VTEC (2 times)
aPCC (1 time)
2002 [Platelet antiaggregation and hemorrhagic risk in hemodialysis].
86  high-refined carbohydrate-containing
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
WT (3 times)
CFC (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
2013 Acute and sustained inflammation and metabolic dysfunction induced by high refined carbohydrate-containing diet in mice.
87  homocystinuria
(10 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MMA (3 times)
AMI (1 time)
cbEGF (1 time)
1983 Angiographic findings in homocystinuria.
88  Hurthle cell carcinomas
(10 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
FC (6 times)
HA (5 times)
PC (4 times)
1998 Polymerase chain reaction-based microsatellite polymorphism analysis of follicular and Hurthle cell neoplasms of the thyroid.
89  hydrochar
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
BC (6 times)
HTC (4 times)
BCSP (1 time)
2012 Biochar and hydrochar effects on greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane) fluxes from soils.
90  H chain
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
BCR (1 time)
BoNTs (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2002 Recruitment of MHC class I molecules by tapasin into the transporter associated with antigen processing-associated complex is essential for optimal peptide loading.
91  healthy participants
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2014 Social trait judgment and affect recognition from static faces and video vignettes in schizophrenia.
92  high-count
(9 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
LC (5 times)
MBL (5 times)
CLL (4 times)
2013 Shortened acquisition time or reduced-activity dose for gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with new reconstruction algorithm.
93  honeycomb
(9 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
C. elegans (1 time)
1995 Comparative efficiency of four selection methods for deriving high-yielding lines in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek].
94  honeycombing
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
UIP (5 times)
IPF (4 times)
GG (3 times)
2002 Serial evaluation of high-resolution computed tomography findings in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in usual interstitial pneumonia.
95  human chondrocytes
(9 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
OA (3 times)
MMP (2 times)
MSC (2 times)
2005 In-vitro analysis of the expression of TGFbeta -superfamily-members during chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and chondrocytes during dedifferentiation in cell culture.
96  hydraulic conductivity
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
TEER (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2001 Hydraulic conductivity of fixed retinal tissue after sequential excimer laser ablation: barriers limiting fluid distribution and implications for cystoid macular edema.
97  hydrocodone
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HM (7 times)
DHC (3 times)
NHC (2 times)
1990 Influence of polarity on dose-response relationships of intrathecal opioids in rats.
98  hydroxocobalamin
(9 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NO (4 times)
HQ (3 times)
c-PTIO (2 times)
1980 The antidote effect of thiosulphate and hydroxocobalamin in formation of nitroprusside intoxication of rabbits.
99  hypoxic conditions
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
NC (4 times)
7-NI (1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
2005 Low ambient o(2) enhances ureteric bud branching in vitro.
100  hemicastrated
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
LH (3 times)
FSH (2 times)
INT (2 times)
1987 Endocrine profiles, testicular gonadotropin receptors and sperm production in hemi-castrated ram lambs.