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Abbreviation: HCD
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Long forms: 175

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
high cholesterol diet
(392 times)
Biochemistry
(58 times)
TC (59 times)
TG (40 times)
ND (32 times)
1980 Effect of pantethine on cholesterol ester metabolism in rat arterial wall.
higher-energy collisional dissociation
(253 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(135 times)
CID (96 times)
ETD (54 times)
MS (30 times)
2009 Optimized Orbitrap HCD for quantitative analysis of phosphopeptides.
high-carbohydrate diet
(101 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
HFD (49 times)
LCD (7 times)
TNF-alpha (7 times)
1987 Diets realistic for westernized people significantly effect lipoproteins, calcium, zinc, vitamins C, E, B6 and haematology in vervet monkeys.
human-centered design
(99 times)
Public Health
(17 times)
HIT (5 times)
FGDs (3 times)
IRRID (3 times)
2011 Usability evaluation of a personal health record.
high-calorie diet
(54 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CD (3 times)
AD (2 times)
ART (2 times)
1989 Remission induction in refractory Crohns disease using a high calorie whole diet.
high cell density
(36 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
LCD (11 times)
QS (9 times)
PHA (3 times)
2003 Expression of putative pathogenicity-related genes in Xylella fastidiosa grown at low and high cell density conditions in vitro.
heavy chain disease
(31 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
Ig (3 times)
AGE (1 time)
BJ (1 time)
1975 Detection and preparation of immunoglobulin (Ig) mu chain protein in sera of patients with heavy chain diseases (HCD).
higher-energy C-trap dissociation
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(23 times)
CID (14 times)
ETD (6 times)
MS (5 times)
2007 Higher-energy C-trap dissociation for peptide modification analysis.
horizontal corneal diameter
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
IOP (8 times)
PCG (7 times)
CCT (6 times)
1982 A new method for measuring the diameter of the in vivo human cornea.
10  hydrocolloid dressing
(15 times)
Wound Healing
(2 times)
CDD (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
1984 Preliminary report on the use of a new hydrocolloid dressing in the treatment of burns.
11  hypersensitive cell death
(14 times)
Botany
(11 times)
APC/C (1 time)
avrD (1 time)
Bax (1 time)
2003 Cloning of soybean genes induced during hypersensitive cell death caused by syringolide elicitor.
12  human cercarial dermatitis
(12 times)
Parasitology
(6 times)
cox1 (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
KS (1 time)
2009 Avian schistosomes in French aquatic birds: a molecular approach.
13  hypercaloric diet
(12 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ACE2 (1 time)
AH (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2004 The ORLIstat and CArdiovascular risk profile in patients with metabolic syndrome and type 2 DIAbetes (ORLICARDIA) Study.
14  high molecular weight caldesmon
(11 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
ASMA (4 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CK14 (1 time)
1998 The role of myofibroblasts at the tumor border of invasive colorectal adenocarcinomas.
15  16-hydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15,16-olide
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
MSNs (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2013 A novel inhibitor, 16-hydroxy-cleroda-3,13-dien-16,15-olide, blocks the autophosphorylation site of focal adhesion kinase (Y397) by molecular docking.
16  hepatocerebral dystrophy
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
Cp (1 time)
h-CP (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1981 [Phenocopy of hepatocerebral dystrophy (Wilson-Konovalov disease)].
17  high-concentrate diet
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
LCD (4 times)
LPS (3 times)
LPL (2 times)
2015 Endogenous LPS alters liver GH/IGF system gene expression and plasma lipoprotein lipase in goats.
18  historical control data
(7 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CR (1 time)
DB (1 time)
EFD (1 time)
2009 Points to consider on the statistical analysis of rodent cancer bioassay data when incorporating historical control data.
19  histidine-containing dipeptides
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
aa (1 time)
BA (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1998 [The biological role of carnosine in excitable tissues].
20  hereditary ceruloplasmin deficiency
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Cp (2 times)
DM (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1995 A nonsense mutation of the ceruloplasmin gene in hereditary ceruloplasmin deficiency with diabetes mellitus.
21  higher energy CID
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CID (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
ETD (1 time)
2009 Investigation of uremic analytes in hemodialysate and their structural elucidation from accurate mass maps generated by a multi-dimensional liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry approach.
22  highly conserved domain
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CHAP (1 time)
cheR (1 time)
MCPs (1 time)
1998 Identification of a gene encoding a methyl-accepting chemotaxis-like protein form Campylobacter coli and its use in a molecular typing scheme for campylobacters.
23  hydatid cyst disease
(5 times)
Parasitic Diseases
(2 times)
CHC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2002 Diagnosis of abdominal hydatid cyst disease: the role of ultrasound and ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology.
24  hyperkinetic conduct disorder
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1999 Comparison of conduct disorder and hyperkinetic conduct disorder : a retrospective clinial study from north India.
25  hidden covariation detection
(4 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
--- 1997 Hidden covariation detection: a fundamental and ubiquitous phenomenon.
26  high calcium diet
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
LCD (3 times)
Ca (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2008 Fructus ligustri lucidi extract improves calcium balance and modulates the calciotropic hormone level and vitamin D-dependent gene expression in aged ovariectomized rats.
27  hollow cathode discharge
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
TNT (3 times)
NG (2 times)
PETN (2 times)
2015 Detection of explosives using a hollow cathode discharge ion source.
28  human collecting duct
(4 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
Cx43 (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
1996 Evidence for angiotensin IV receptors in human collecting duct cells.
29  hyaluronate-collagen dressing
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ST-EGF (2 times)
CA-EGF (1 time)
S-EGF (1 time)
2016 Development of Stabilized Growth Factor-Loaded Hyaluronate- Collagen Dressing (HCD) matrix for impaired wound healing.
30  hydrocolloid occlusive dressing
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
--- 1984 Pressure sore management: efficacy of a moisture reactive occlusive dressing.
31  hands-free communication device
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
2010 The effects of hands-free communication device systems: communication changes in hospital organizations.
32  haplotype for cholesterol deficiency
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BLAD (2 times)
BS (2 times)
CVM (2 times)
2019 Technical note: Development and application of KASP assays for rapid screening of 8 genetic defects in Holstein cattle.
33  healthcare disparities
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
--- 2015 First year medical student attitudes about advocacy in medicine across multiple fields of discipline: analysis of reflective essays.
34  heater-cooler devices
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
NTM (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
2020 Diversity of nontuberculous mycobacteria in Heater-Cooler Devices - results from prospective surveillance.
35  higher cortical dysfunction
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ACE-R (1 time)
MES (1 time)
2014 Features of migraine aura in teenagers.
36  higher energy dissociation
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
FT-IT (1 time)
SRM (1 time)
2015 Novel proline-hydroxyproline glycopeptides from the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Wigg.) flowers: de novo sequencing and biological activity.
37  human Chagas disease
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2000 [General situation and perspectives of chagas disease in Northeastern Region, Brazil].
38  humeral condylar diameter
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
HIFs (1 time)
2014 Defining a safe corridor for transcondylar screw insertion across the canine humeral condyle: a comparison of medial and lateral surgical approaches.
39  hydrocolloids
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1992 Tissue reactions induced by hydrocolloid wound dressings.
40  beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ECR (2 times)
KCR (2 times)
KCS (2 times)
2008 [Progress in the study on genes encoding enzymes involved in biosynthesis of very long chain fatty acids and cuticular wax in plants].
41  health-care department
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HCAV (1 time)
1992 [Nursing care of long-term oxygen individuals in the home].
42  hemorrhagic choroidal detachment
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
MIVS (1 time)
2020 A Case of Delayed-onset Hemorrhagic Choroidal Detachment After PreserFlo Microshunt Implantation in a Glaucoma Patient Under Anticoagulant Therapy.
43  hepatocellular disease
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EHO (1 time)
HCT (1 time)
HEF (1 time)
1986 [Differential diagnosis of jaundice by combined noninvasive diagnostic means using a logistic discriminant analysis].
44  hepatocerebral degeneration
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GFA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1956 [Contributions to the pathology of hepato-cerebral degeneration (HCD)].
45  high calorie Western diet
(2 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
2020 White matter inflammation and cognitive function in a co-morbid metabolic syndrome and prodromal Alzheimer's disease rat model.
46  high-Ca diet
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2005 Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate loading compromises high-intensity sprint performance.
47  high-carbohydrate liquid diet
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CGM (1 time)
HbA1c (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2012 The effect of a low-carbohydrate/high-monounsaturated fatty acid liquid diet and an isoleucine-containing liquid diet on 24-h glycemic variability in diabetes patients on tube feeding: a comparison by continuous glucose monitoring.
48  high-ceiling diuretics
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
VSMC (2 times)
MT (1 time)
2009 Excitation-contraction coupling in resistance mesenteric arteries: evidence for NKCC1-mediated pathway.
49  high-cholesterol and -fat diet
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
APOE (2 times)
PYC (2 times)
LPS (1 time)
2016 Pycnogenol Reduces Toll-Like Receptor 4 Signaling Pathway-Mediated Atherosclerosis Formation in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice.
50  high-cholesterol atherogenic diet
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
1985 High-cholesterol diet induces altered responsiveness of rabbit arterial smooth muscle to noradrenaline.
51  high-cholesterol control diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ACAT2 (2 times)
MTP (2 times)
NCD (2 times)
2018 Cranberry anthocyanin as an herbal medicine lowers plasma cholesterol by increasing excretion of fecal sterols.
52  high-cost drugs
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
FY (1 time)
2012 [Evolution of consumption of high-cost drugs in Colombia].
53  high-current-density
(2 times)
Biomedical and Dental Materials
(1 time)
AOCl (1 time)
AOI (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
2021 Removal of persistent organic contaminants from wastewater using a hybrid electrochemical-granular activated carbon (GAC) system.
54  high-energy collision dissolution
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
HRMS (1 time)
2013 Structural elucidation of a new sildenafil analogue using high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry.
55  high-fat, cholesterol-rich diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
7-KC (1 time)
ABCG1 (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2012 Supplementation with cyanidin-3-O-beta-glucoside protects against hypercholesterolemia-mediated endothelial dysfunction and attenuates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
56  high-sugar diet with mixed carbohydrates
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HFD (2 times)
HSD (2 times)
ISO (2 times)
2020 Dietary Fat and Sugar Differentially Affect beta-Adrenergic Stimulation of Cardiac ERK and AKT Pathways in C57BL/6 Male Mice Subjected to High-Calorie Feeding.
57  hospital claims databases
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
2015 Price difference as a predictor of the selection between brand name and generic statins in Japan.
58  host cell DNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LOD (2 times)
CGE-LIF (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2016 Development of an in-House TaqMan Real-Time PCR-Based Method to Detect Residual Host Cell DNA in HBV Vaccine.
59  host-cell dynamics
(2 times)
CFPD (2 times)
IAV (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2020 Lung Aerosol Dynamics of Airborne Influenza A Virus-Laden Droplets and the Resultant Immune System Responses: An In Silico Study.
60  hydrocolloid wound dressing
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
PHR (1 time)
2015 In vivo wound-healing effects of novel benzalkonium chloride-loaded hydrocolloid wound dressing.
61  hydrolyzed casein diet
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
ERAD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2018 Modulation of the diet and gastrointestinal microbiota normalizes systemic inflammation and beta-cell chemokine expression associated with autoimmune diabetes susceptibility.
62  7,11-heptacosadiene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 Description of sexual behaviors ofDrosophila rajasekari : The role of (Z,Z)-7,11-heptacosadiene.
63  alpha-H chain diseases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1989 The productive gene for alpha-H chain disease protein MAL is highly modified by insertion-deletion processes.
64  H-chain disease
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
2008 Removal of the BiP-retention domain in Cmicro permits surface deposition and developmental progression without L-chain.
65  hair cell dysfunction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARHL (1 time)
CG (1 time)
DPOAE (1 time)
2020 Role of melatonin in prevention of age-related hearing loss.
66  hand-carried device
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FCU (1 time)
2015 Training Program for Cardiology Residents to Perform Focused Cardiac Ultrasound Examination with Portable Device.
67  haptic cane device
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
VFD (1 time)
2018 Evaluating the effects of delivering integrated kinesthetic and tactile cues to individuals with unilateral hemiparetic stroke during overground walking.
68  hard class detector
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
SNNs (1 time)
2021 BlocTrain: Block-Wise Conditional Training and Inference for Efficient Spike-Based Deep Learning.
69  hard-core drug
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
GEE (1 time)
2004 Understanding hard-core drug use among urban Puerto Rican women in high-risk neighborhoods.
70  harmonic cross-correlation decomposition
(1 time)
Physical Phenomena
(1 time)
DAHD (1 time)
2021 Harmonic cross-correlation decomposition for multivariate time series.
71  Harris Corner Detector
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
CEE (1 time)
ILM (1 time)
VR (1 time)
2022 Designing Smart Space Services by Virtual Reality-Interactive Learning Model on College Entrepreneurship Education.
72  have focused on beam-type CID fragmentation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 CIDer: A Statistical Framework for Interpreting Differences in CID and HCD Fragmentation.
73  HC aqueous decoction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DSS (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
HPLC-MS (1 time)
2022 The Traditional Chinese Medicine Houttuynia cordata Thunb decoction alters intestinal barrier function via an EGFR dependent MAPK (ERK1/2) signalling pathway.
74  HC-dermatan sulfate
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
ATH (1 time)
FDLE (1 time)
2003 Effect of covalent serpin-heparinoid complexes on plasma thrombin generation on fetal distal lung epithelium.
75  HCD and HFD for both anaerobic tests
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
TMG (1 time)
1995 Effect of diet and training on muscle glycogen storage and utilization in sled dogs.
76  HCD group
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HFD (2 times)
FR (1 time)
IL-1alpha (1 time)
2018 Interleukin-12 as a biomarker of the beneficial effects of food restriction in mice receiving high fat diet or high carbohydrate diet.
77  HCD groups one group was kept as control
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
P. eldarica (1 time)
2015 Anti-hyperlipidemic and anti-atherosclerotic effects of Pinus eldarica Medw. nut in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
78  headspace co-distillation
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
SDE (1 time)
2004 Comparison of different extraction methods: steam distillation, simultaneous distillation and extraction and headspace co-distillation, used for the analysis of the volatile components in aged flue-cured tobacco leaves.
79  health care at a distance
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
OTs (1 time)
2021 Does therapy always need touch? A cross-sectional study among Switzerland-based occupational therapists and midwives regarding their experience with health care at a distance during the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020.
80  health care discrimination
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EOD (1 time)
HCB (1 time)
2021 Experiences of discrimination and endorsement of HIV/AIDS conspiracy beliefs: exploring difference among a sample of Latino, Black, and White young adults.
81  health claims data
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NHIRD (1 time)
2022 Analyses and identification of ICD codes for dementias in the research based on the NHIRD: a scoping review protocol.
82  healthcare demand
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
CLHLS (1 time)
HCE (1 time)
2021 Decoupling of Elderly Healthcare Demand and Expenditure in China.
83  Healthy Communities Delaware
(1 time)
--- 2022 Healthy Communities Delaware:: Accelerating Place-Based Efforts to Improve the Vital Conditions for Health, Well-Being and Equity.
84  Healthy Community Design
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Using healthy community design data to monitor and inform planning and public policy.
85  healthy control dogs
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
5-LO (1 time)
CCE (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2014 Cyclooxygenase-2 and 5-lipoxygenase in dogs with chronic enteropathies.
86  heart congenital disease
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
2022 Protocol for reducing radiation exposure during pediatric thoracic radiography.
87  heart-to-chest distance
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CCDax (1 time)
DIBH (1 time)
FB (1 time)
2019 Predictors of cardiac and lung dose sparing in DIBH for left breast treatment.
88  heat-clearing and detoxicating
(1 time)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional
(1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2017 Anticancer activities and mechanisms of heat-clearing and detoxicating traditional Chinese herbal medicine.
89  hemifield spatial contrast detection
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HVEPs (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2010 Asymmetry of visual function in migraine with aura: correlation with lateralisation of headache and aura.
90  Hemispheric Cortical Dysplasia
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HME (1 time)
2013 Epilepsy surgery for hemispheric syndromes in infants: hemimegalencepahly and hemispheric cortical dysplasia.
91  heparin bonded collagen coated knitted Dacron grafts
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1996 Quantitative analysis of heparin retention on heparin bonded knitted Dacron grafts after exposure to shear stress in vitro.
92  hepaticocholecystoduodenostomy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CDJ (1 time)
2009 Hepaticocholecystoduodenostomy compared with Roux-en-y choledochojejunostomy for decompression of the biliary tract.
93  hepato-cardiac distance
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
HCR (1 time)
1998 [A phantom study for the evaluation of the effect of the high uptake in the liver on technetium-99m myocardial perfusion SPECT images].
94  hepatocholedochal duct
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CHA (1 time)
GDA (1 time)
LHA (1 time)
2014 Prehepatocholedochal proper hepatic artery. Rare anatomical variant. Surgical considerations. Case report.
95  HepG2 and LO2 cells were analyzed using C18-RPLC-MS/MS
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2018 Comparative Glycomics Study of Cell-Surface N-Glycomes of HepG2 versus LO2 Cell Lines.
96  Herba Cistanches decoction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BMSC (1 time)
DES (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2013 Semen Astragali Complanati- and Rhizoma Cibotii-enhanced bone formation in osteoporosis rats.
97  herniated cervical disc
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LSS (1 time)
2013 Changes in spinal canal diameter and vertebral body height with age.
98  Herpetospermum caudigerum
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
HPE (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2015 Hepatoprotective effects of lignans extract from Herpetospermum caudigerum against CCl₄-induced acute liver injury in mice.
99  heterotrophic columnar denitrification
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
2002 A comparison of organic and inorganic carbon controls over biological denitrification in aquaria.
100  hexaphyrin-cyclodextrin
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Hexaphyrin-Cyclodextrin Hybrids: A Nest for Switchable Aromaticity, Asymmetric Confinement, and Isomorphic Fluxionality.