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Abbreviation: HDR
Appearance Frequency: 2237 time(s)
Long forms: 119

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
high-dose-rate
(1469 times)
Neoplasms
(624 times)
LDR (243 times)
EBRT (177 times)
BT (86 times)
1985 Lung damage following bone marrow transplantation: I. The contribution of irradiation.
homology-directed repair
(283 times)
Molecular Biology
(55 times)
NHEJ (119 times)
DSBs (49 times)
DSB (38 times)
2001 Ku DNA end-binding protein modulates homologous repair of double-strand breaks in mammalian cells.
high dynamic range
(72 times)
Medical Informatics
(23 times)
LDR (15 times)
SDR (5 times)
RNFL (3 times)
2008 Robust radiometric calibration and vignetting correction.
Hospital Discharge Register
(36 times)
Epidemiology
(6 times)
MBR (8 times)
CDR (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1997 Connective tissue disease and other rheumatic conditions following breast implants in Denmark.
hemodynamic response
(32 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
fMRI (13 times)
BOLD (9 times)
fNIRS (3 times)
2001 The effects of aging upon the hemodynamic response measured by functional MRI.
hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia
(29 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
FOG (2 times)
GATA3 (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
2000 An HDR (hypoparathyroidism, deafness, renal dysplasia) syndrome locus maps distal to the DiGeorge syndrome region on 10p13/14.
high-dose-rate brachytherapy
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
EBRT (8 times)
LDR (3 times)
APBI (2 times)
1993 Aggressive chemotherapy, organ-preserving surgery, and high-dose-rate remote brachytherapy in the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma in infants and young children.
hospital discharge records
(28 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
DRG (2 times)
MM (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
1993 [Analysis of quality and contents of the report of hospital discharge].
head-down rotation
(21 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
MSNA (18 times)
MAP (5 times)
VSR (5 times)
2000 Effect of gender on vestibular sympathoexcitation.
10  homology-dependent repair
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
NHEJ (6 times)
DSBs (4 times)
TLS (4 times)
2008 Regulation of double-stranded DNA gap repair by the RAD6 pathway.
11  homology-directed recombination
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
NHEJ (5 times)
DSBs (3 times)
TALEN (2 times)
2007 The ubiquitin-interacting motif containing protein RAP80 interacts with BRCA1 and functions in DNA damage repair response.
12  hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness and renal dysplasia
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
DGCR2 (1 time)
HDRS (1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2000 GATA3 haplo-insufficiency causes human HDR syndrome.
13  high-dose radiation
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
LDR (9 times)
AJCC (1 time)
ASTRO (1 time)
1995 Endobronchial radiation therapy for obstructing malignancies: ten years' experience with iridium-192 high-dose radiation brachytherapy afterloading technique in 365 patients.
14  heparin dose response
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
ACT (10 times)
CPB (6 times)
AT (2 times)
1994 Reheparinisation requirements after cardiopulmonary bypass in patients treated with aprotinin.
15  1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl-4-diphosphate reductase
(10 times)
Botany
(5 times)
MEP (3 times)
MeJA (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
2009 Molecular characterization of the Oncidium orchid HDR gene encoding 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase, the last step of the methylerythritol phosphate pathway.
16  4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate reductase
(10 times)
Botany
(5 times)
MEP (6 times)
DXS (3 times)
DMAPP (2 times)
2004 Regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants: evidence for a key role of hydroxymethylbutenyl diphosphate reductase in controlling the supply of plastidial isoprenoid precursors.
17  Heterodisulfide reductase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
A. caldus (1 time)
CoB-S-S-CoM (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1998 Purification and properties of the heme- and iron-sulfur-containing heterodisulfide reductase from Methanosarcina thermophila.
18  homology-driven repair
(5 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
alt-EJ (1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
DSB (1 time)
2016 Mutation of Growth Arrest Specific 8 Reveals a Role in Motile Cilia Function and Human Disease.
19  headache diary result
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2014 Association between serum levels of homocysteine with characteristics of migraine attacks in migraine with aura.
20  head-down rest
(3 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
IOP (1 time)
MBFV (1 time)
OPP (1 time)
2004 Asymmetry in cerebral blood flow velocity with processing of facial images during head-down rest.
21  Health Data Repository
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
DoD (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
2004 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Enterprise Reference Terminology strategic overview.
22  heteronuclear double-resonance
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AHT (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
BWR (1 time)
2009 Preservation of heteronuclear multiple-quantum coherences in NMR by double-resonance irradiation.
23  high-density replica
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BAC (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
DH (1 time)
1997 Human BAC library: construction and rapid screening.
24  homologous DNA recombination
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ds (1 time)
ss (1 time)
2008 Cell-cycle coordination between DNA replication and recombination revealed by a vertebrate N-end rule degron-Rad51.
25  hypersensitivity drug reactions
(3 times)
Hypersensitivity
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
APST (1 time)
2009 Multiple drug hypersensivity: insight into the underlying mechanism and correlation with autoimmune diseases.
26  hypoxic diuretic response
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
HP (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2000 Diuretic effect of hypoxia, hypocapnia, and hyperpnea in humans: relation to hormones and O(2) chemosensitivity.
27  height-to-diameter ratio
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HGM (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2004 Diverticulectomy is inadequate treatment for short Meckel's diverticulum with heterotopic mucosa.
28  hemispheric dominance ratio
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
rTMS (2 times)
DTI (1 time)
DTI FT (1 time)
2016 Correlating subcortical interhemispheric connectivity and cortical hemispheric dominance in brain tumor patients: A repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation study.
29  hemodynamic response function
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2000 Deconvolution of event-related fMRI responses in fast-rate experimental designs: tracking amplitude variations.
30  high-degree response
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
SAP (2 times)
AET (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2010 Long-term therapeutic outcome of patients undergoing ambulatory pH monitoring for chronic unexplained cough.
31  high-dosage regimen
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
NS (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
1988 Naproxen sodium in treatment of bone pain due to metastatic cancer.
32  high-dose brachytherapy
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
IM (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2011 Volumetric modulated arc therapy is superior to conventional intensity modulated radiotherapy--a comparison among prostate cancer patients treated in an Australian centre.
33  homologous recombination directed repair
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CRISPR (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
NHEJ (1 time)
2015 CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in human tripronuclear zygotes.
34  host defence response
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
NHR (1 time)
1996 The role of the host defence response in the progression and outcome of ARDS: pathophysiological correlations and response to glucocorticoid treatment.
35  Human Development Report
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
GDI (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
GEM (1 time)
2010 Empowerment of women and its association with the health of the community.
36  hybrid duplex region
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DDR (2 times)
OKA (2 times)
JR (1 time)
1999 Effect of cytarabine on the NMR structure of a model okazaki fragment from the SV40 genome.
37  hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
EMSAs (1 time)
2007 Functional characterization of GATA3 mutations causing the hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal (HDR) dysplasia syndrome: insight into mechanisms of DNA binding by the GATA3 transcription factor.
38  Hypothetico-deductive reasoning
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2007 What kind of curriculum can better address community needs? Problems arisen by hypothetical-deductive reasoning.
39  (MTX)-ARA-hydrocortisone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1998 [Long-term results of 2 therapeutic protocols in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia of usual risk. Experience at the 20th of November National Medical Center].
40  10-hydroxyrutaecarpine
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DHE (1 time)
DHED (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2012 Simultaneous determination and pharmacokinetic analysis of seven alkaloids and two flavonoids from rat plasma by HPLC-DAD after oral administration of Wuzhuyu decoction.
41  ARA-hydrocortisone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1998 [Long-term results of 2 therapeutic protocols in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia of usual risk. Experience at the 20th of November National Medical Center].
42  Danish discharge registry
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2005 Accuracy of ovarian cancer ICD-10 diagnosis in a Danish population-based hospital discharge registry.
43  half-day release
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
VTS (1 time)
2010 Half-day release in vocational GP training: a case study of redesign based on qualitative evaluation.
44  Hamilton Depression Rating
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Small-dose ketamine improves the postoperative state of depressed patients.
45  Hamming distance ratio
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ROH (1 time)
2017 HDR-del: A tool based on Hamming distance for prioritizing pathogenic chromosomal deletions in exome sequencing.
46  hard denture reline materials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DMA (1 time)
2007 Dynamic mechanical properties of hard, direct denture reline resins.
47  Harrington distraction rod
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 1986 Operative stabilization of the posttraumatic thoracic and lumbar spine: a comparative analysis of the Harrington distraction rod and the modified Weiss spring.
48  HCFA documentation requirements
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EDs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
HCFA (1 time)
2001 The impact of changes in HCFA documentation requirements on academic emergency medicine: results of a physician survey.
49  HD resorption
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
ID (1 time)
LIPUS (1 time)
2005 In vitro evaluation of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in herniated disc resorption.
50  head-down rest group
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
Ctrl (1 time)
EC (1 time)
HIG (1 time)
2006 Compliance changes in femoral veins of rabbits after 21 days of simulated weightlessness.
51  Health Data Research, Inc
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1997 Using tracking data to find complications that physicians miss: the case of renal failure in cardiac surgery.
52  healthy first-degree relatives
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
HD (1 time)
HDP (1 time)
2014 Motor-Language Coupling in Huntington's Disease Families.
53  hearing loss, and renal disease
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2017 HDR syndrome with a novel mutation in GATA3 mimicking a congenital X-linked stapes gusher: a case report.
54  heat dissipation ratio
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
NST (1 time)
1997 Thermographic demonstration of nonshivering thermogenesis in human newborns after birth: its relation to umbilical gases.
55  height difference ratio
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DDH (1 time)
LLC (1 time)
2016 [Study on the impact of labro-chondral complex on development of the acetabulum after close reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip].
56  hemisphere detection rate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
SIM (1 time)
2016 A Quantitative Method Using Head Noncontrast CT Scans to Detect Hyperacute Nonvisible Ischemic Changes in Patients With Stroke.
57  hen-day rate of egg production
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AFE (1 time)
EWT (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1997 Trait association of genetic markers in the growth hormone and the growth hormone receptor gene in a White Leghorn strain.
58  hen-day rate of lay
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EW (1 time)
HU (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
1985 Effects of comb dubbing on the performance of laying stocks.
59  heparin dose rates
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APTT (1 time)
AT (1 time)
ECLS (1 time)
2018 Anticoagulation Management during First Five Days of Infant-Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support.
60  heparin dose response assay
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
1996 Response of kaolin ACT to heparin: evaluation with an automated assay and higher heparin doses.
61  hepatitis delta virus ribozyme
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
dpi (1 time)
RG-IBDV (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2013 Infectious bursal disease virus rescued efficiently with 3' authentic RNA sequence induces humoral immunity without bursal atrophy.
62  heterogeneity-diversity relationship
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2015 The effect of environmental heterogeneity on species richness depends on community position along the environmental gradient.
63  Heuristic Drift Reduction
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
EKF (1 time)
IMUs (1 time)
ZUPTs (1 time)
2017 Position Tracking During Human Walking Using an Integrated Wearable Sensing System.
64  hierarchical discriminating regression
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
LDA (1 time)
LVQ (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2002 Automatic image orientation detection.
65  high density rate
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Application Rate of GF-120 (Spinosad) and Malathion on the Mortality of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Foragers.
66  high density replicating system
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Automated production of high density cosmid and YAC colony filters using a robotic workstation.
67  high dietary restraint
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2012 The influence of eating rate on satiety and intake among participants exhibiting high dietary restraint.
68  high does rate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
SBT (1 time)
2012 Stereotactic iodine-125 brachytherapy for brain tumors: temporary versus permanent implantation.
69  high donation rates
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2014 Attitude of healthcare professionals: a major limiting factor in organ donation from brain-dead donors.
70  high dose brachytherapy technique
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1996 [High-dose-rate brachytherapy. The indications, technic and preliminary results].
71  high dose rate after loaders
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
1998 [Brachytherapy in France in 1995. Final results of the national survey].
72  high dose rate Iridium-192
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
1993 Intracavitary radiation in the treatment of advanced esophageal carcinoma: a comparison of high dose rate vs. low dose rate brachytherapy.
73  high dose rate radiotherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
2000 Prostatourethral-rectal fistula after prostate brachytherapy.
74  High dose ratio
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2002 High dose ratio (HDR) cervical ring applicator to control bleeding from cervical carcinoma.
75  high responders
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DIO (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2016 Pancreatic beta-Cell Dysfunction in Diet-Induced Obese Mice: Roles of AMP-Kinase, Protein Kinase Cepsilon, Mitochondrial and Cholesterol Metabolism, and Alterations in Gene Expression.
76  High-data-rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
1999 NASA/DARPA advanced communications technology satellite project for evaluation of telemedicine outreach using next-generation communications satellite technology: Mayo Foundation participation.
77  high-dose HIR
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
HIR (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2018 Analysis of DNA methylation alterations in rice seeds induced by different doses of carbon-ion radiation.
78  High-dose rate remote afterloading intracavitary radiation therapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 Long term follow-up results of high-dose rate remote afterloading intracavitary radiation therapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
79  high-dose RE
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2016 Rhubarb extract partially improves mucosal integrity in chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis.
80  high-dose revaccination
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
SDV (1 time)
2010 Factors associated with seroconversion after standard dose hepatitis B vaccination and high-dose revaccination among HIV-infected patients.
81  high-dose ribavirin
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
RSV (1 time)
1992 Further studies with short duration ribavirin aerosol for the treatment of influenza virus infection in mice and respiratory syncytial virus infection in cotton rats.
82  high-dose rosiglitazone
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2018 Effects of prenatal PPAR-gamma agonist rosiglitazone exposure on rat hippocampus development in a time-dependent manner: A stereological and histopathological study.
83  high-dose-rate afterloading
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2000 Effect and toxicity of endoluminal high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy in centrally located tumors of the upper respiratory tract.
84  High-dose-rate brachytherapy is a rapidly growing technique
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
QA (1 time)
2005 Prevention of high-dose-rate brachytherapy accidents. ICRP Publication 97.
85  high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IG-IMRT (1 time)
2014 An age-corrected matched-pair study of erectile function in patients treated with dose-escalated adaptive image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy vs. high-dose-rate brachytherapy for prostate cancer.
86  high-dose-rate intracavitary
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the therapeutic effect of radiotherapy on cervical cancer using magnetic resonance imaging.
87  High-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
JROSG (1 time)
RT-alone (1 time)
2008 Results of concomitant chemoradiation for cervical cancer using high dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy: study of JROSG (Japan Radiation Oncology Study Group).
88  High-dose-rate remote
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Technique for construction of dental molds for high-dose-rate remote brachytherapy.
89  high-risk-disease
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HRD (1 time)
IRD (1 time)
LRD (1 time)
2013 Age and Racial Differences among PSA-Detected (AJCC Stage T1cN0M0) Prostate Cancer in the U.S.: A Population-Based Study of 70,345 Men.
90  highest-density region
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CCHR (1 time)
CINAHL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic management strategies for adults and children with minor head injury: a systematic review and an economic evaluation.
91  highly differentially ranked
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
GCN (1 time)
PCIT (1 time)
WGCNA (1 time)
2012 Building gene co-expression networks using transcriptomics data for systems biology investigations: Comparison of methods using microarray data.
92  highly diversified region
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 Parallel evolution of Batesian mimicry supergene in two Papilio butterflies, P. polytes and P. memnon.
93  Histamine does response curves
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Indomethacin inhibits the increased airway responsiveness to histamine following inhalation of C5a des Arg in rabbits.
94  HIV drug resistance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HAART (1 time)
PIs (1 time)
2003 Persistence of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations and emergence during antiretroviral treatment interruption: considerations from a clinical case.
95  holodiastolic flow reversal
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2011 Cardiac MR assessment of aortic regurgitation: holodiastolic flow reversal in the descending aorta helps stratify severity.
96  homologous recombination deficiency
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EOC (1 time)
gBRCAm (1 time)
2017 PARP inhibitors alone and in combination with other biological agents in homologous recombination deficient epithelial ovarian cancer: From the basic research to the clinic.
97  homology-dependent DNA damage repair
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CAF-1 (1 time)
2015 Homology-dependent repair is involved in 45S rDNA loss in plant CAF-1 mutants.
98  homology-dependent DNA double-strand break repair
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MMR (1 time)
2017 Nickel induces transcriptional down-regulation of DNA repair pathways in tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic lung cells.
99  homology-directed recombinational repair
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2008 Erlotinib attenuates homologous recombinational repair of chromosomal breaks in human breast cancer cells.
100  homology-directed repair of double-strand breaks
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Double-strand break repair-independent role for BRCA2 in blocking stalled replication fork degradation by MRE11.