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Abbreviation: HK
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Long forms: 155

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
hexokinase
(564 times)
Biochemistry
(112 times)
PFK (101 times)
PK (98 times)
LDH (93 times)
1975 Adaptation of red cell enzymes and intermediates in metabolic disorders.
high molecular weight kininogen
(233 times)
Hematology
(65 times)
PK (36 times)
FXII (27 times)
BK (25 times)
1987 A new assay for high molecular weight kininogen in human plasma using a chromogenic substrate.
histidine kinase
(164 times)
Microbiology
(45 times)
RR (76 times)
TCS (35 times)
TCSs (20 times)
1999 Role in cell permeability of an essential two-component system in Staphylococcus aureus.
Hong Kong
(138 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
TW (23 times)
ML (19 times)
BJ (16 times)
1970 Vaccination against Hong Kong influenza in Britain, 1968-9. A report to the Medical Research Council Committee on Influenza and other Respiratory Virus Vaccines.
hypokinesia
(100 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
UACS (21 times)
UHKS (17 times)
FSS (14 times)
1983 A comparative study of the efficacy of ACTH4-9 analog, methylphenidate, and placebo on attention deficit disorder with hyperkinesis.
head kidney
(92 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(61 times)
LPS (13 times)
COX-2 (6 times)
TNF-alpha (6 times)
1985 Mobilization and activation of nonspecific cytotoxic cells (NCC) in the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) infected with Ichthyophthirius multifiliis.
heat-killed
(63 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
IL (8 times)
LPS (8 times)
BCG (6 times)
1972 The relative potencies of heat-killed and acetone-killed vaccines against Salmonella typhimurium in mice.
human keratinocytes
(46 times)
Dermatology
(21 times)
IFN-gamma (4 times)
HF (3 times)
APC (2 times)
1985 Effects of alpha and beta interferons on cultured human keratinocytes.
housekeeping
(35 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
TS (12 times)
qRT-PCR (3 times)
18s rRNA (2 times)
1995 Compositional properties of nuclear genes from Plasmodium falciparum.
10  high K+
(30 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
LK (16 times)
NEM (5 times)
CCD (4 times)
1972 High potassium and low potassium erythrocytes in cattle.
11  honokiol
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
MG (6 times)
MDE (3 times)
FA (2 times)
2005 Magnolol and honokiol enhance HL-60 human leukemia cell differentiation induced by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and retinoic acid.
12  horseshoe kidney
(19 times)
Urology
(7 times)
ESWL (2 times)
RCCs (2 times)
CK (1 time)
1991 [Hypernephroma at the isthmus of a horseshoe kidney].
13  hyperkalemia
(19 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CKD (8 times)
HF (7 times)
NK (4 times)
1983 Studies on the effects of hyperkalemia on serum and myocardial digoxin concentration in dogs.
14  high-molecular-mass kininogen
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
FXII (4 times)
PK (3 times)
HUVEC (2 times)
1990 Kinetics of inhibition of platelet calpain II by human kininogens.
15  herpetic keratitis
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
ACV (5 times)
HSV-1 (4 times)
HSV (2 times)
1999 Kinetics of cytokine production in the cornea and trigeminal ganglion of C57BL/6 mice after corneal HSV-1 infection.
16  hyperkeratosis
(13 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
FH (2 times)
N/C (2 times)
1989 [The diagnostic significance of isoantigens ABH in oral leukoplakia].
17  human tissue kallikrein
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
rAAV (3 times)
rAAV-HK (2 times)
auto (1 time)
2000 Adenovirus-mediated human tissue kallikrein gene delivery inhibits neointima formation induced by interruption of blood flow in mice.
18  Herman-Kluk
(9 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MT (2 times)
SC-IVR (2 times)
DOFs (1 time)
2005 Nonadiabatic surface hopping Herman-Kluk semiclassical initial value representation method revisited: applications to Tully's three model systems.
19  3-hydroxykynurenine
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
PLP (6 times)
HAA (3 times)
KA (3 times)
1999 Photooxidized products of recombinant alpha A-crystallin and W9F mutant.
20  human epidermal keratinocytes
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
1980 Clonal growth of human keratinocytes with small amounts of dialyzed serum.
21  human kidney
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ELISA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AGT (1 time)
1988 Expression of HLA antigens on renal tubular cells in culture. II. Effect of increased HLA antigen expression on tubular cell stimulation of lymphocyte activation and on their vulnerability to cell-mediated lysis.
22  Knoop hardness
(7 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
AL (1 time)
APF (1 time)
BH (1 time)
1989 [Fundamental study on photocured resin for crown and bridge].
23  hexokinase activity
(6 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
HMPS (1 time)
1977 [Activity and isoenzyme composition of the hexokinase and lactate dehydrogenase of different rabbit muscles].
24  histidine protein kinase
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
RR (6 times)
TCSs (2 times)
IF (1 time)
1996 Three two-component signal-transduction systems interact for Pho regulation in Bacillus subtilis.
25  homoserine kinase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
HDH (3 times)
AVG (2 times)
TS (2 times)
1990 Saccharomyces cerevisiae homoserine kinase is homologous to prokaryotic homoserine kinases.
26  (-)-hinokinin
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DXR (2 times)
2-AF (1 time)
2AA (1 time)
2007 Conformational study of (8alpha,8'beta)-bis(substituted phenyl)-lignano-9,9'-lactones by means of combined computational, database mining, NMR, and chemometric approaches.
27  high M(r) kininogen
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
C1-INH (1 time)
FXI (1 time)
2001 Roles of platelets and factor XI in the initiation of blood coagulation by thrombin.
28  hinokitiol
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BPC (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
mPK (1 time)
2008 Hinokitiol, a natural tropolone derivative, inhibits TNF-alpha production in LPS-activated macrophages via suppression of NF-kappaB.
29  Horvath-Kawazoe
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BET (2 times)
dA (2 times)
BMA (1 time)
2004 Estimating the pore size distribution of activated carbons from adsorption data of different adsorbates by various methods.
30  hybrid knife
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CSI-EMR (1 time)
ESD (1 time)
ESTD (1 time)
2012 Beyond the snare: technically accessible large en bloc colonic resection in the West: an animal study.
31  hydroxyketamine
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DHNK (3 times)
HNK (3 times)
KET (2 times)
2012 Simultaneous population pharmacokinetic modelling of ketamine and three major metabolites in patients with treatment-resistant bipolar depression.
32  hyperkyphosis
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2009 Review of rehabilitation and orthopedic conservative approach to sagittal plane diseases during growth: hyperkyphosis, junctional kyphosis, and Scheuermann disease.
33  H-kininogen
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FXI (2 times)
FXII (1 time)
PK (1 time)
1994 Assembly of contact-phase factors on the surface of the human neutrophil membrane.
34  HealthKick
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
DDS (1 time)
GPAQ (1 time)
2015 Did HealthKick, a randomised controlled trial primary school nutrition intervention improve dietary quality of children in low-income settings in South Africa?
35  hemiketal
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
5-LOX (2 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
5S-HETE (1 time)
2011 Biosynthesis of hemiketal eicosanoids by cross-over of the 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase-2 pathways.
36  high K(+)
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CCDs (1 time)
2001 Rapid induction and Ca(2+) influx-mediated suppression of vitamin D3 up-regulated protein 1 (VDUP1) mRNA in cerebellar granule neurons undergoing apoptosis.
37  histidine kinase sensor
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
CK (1 time)
DHp (1 time)
2008 Two-component signal transduction systems of Xanthomonas spp.: a lesson from genomics.
38  homodyned-K
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
2017 Assessment of Homodyned K Distribution Modeling Ultrasonic Speckles from Scatterers with Varying Spatial Organizations.
39  hyperketonemic
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BHB (3 times)
AA (2 times)
NK (2 times)
1998 Hyperketonemia (acetoacetate) increases the oxidizability of LDL + VLDL in Type-I diabetic patients.
40  Hall-Kaster
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
I-S (1 time)
L-K (1 time)
1983 Echocardiographic and phonocardiographic characteristics of the Hall-Kaster aortic disc valve prosthesis.
41  haloketones
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CH (2 times)
DBPs (2 times)
HAN (2 times)
2013 Formation of disinfection by-products after pre-oxidation with chlorine dioxide or ferrate.
42  hamster kidney
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PS (2 times)
C'-PN (1 time)
C'-PNAb (1 time)
1968 Studies on complement-potentiated neutralizing antibodies (C'-PNAb) induced in rabbits inoculated with japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). I. The nature of C'-PNAb.
43  hand-knob
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
E-field (2 times)
tDCS (2 times)
PM (1 time)
2015 Investigating the cortical regions involved in MEP modulation in tDCS.
44  heat-killed antigens
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IgG (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MOMP (1 time)
1989 Determination by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA to Brucella melitensis major outer membrane proteins and whole-cell heat-killed antigens in sera of patients with brucellosis.
45  Helmholtz-Kohlrausch
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 The brightness of colour.
46  Herpes keratitis
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
DBD (1 time)
2014 Inhibition of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase suppresses herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) keratitis.
47  Hertz-Knudsen
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LJ (1 time)
MD (1 time)
SRT (1 time)
2015 A molecular dynamics test of the Hertz-Knudsen equation for evaporating liquids.
48  high-K diet
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
WT (2 times)
BK-beta4-KO (1 time)
KO (1 time)
2017 Net K+ secretion in the thick ascending limb of mice on a low-Na, high-K diet.
49  higher Klotho
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LK (2 times)
CFR (1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
2015 Low Serum Level of Klotho Is an Early Predictor of Atherosclerosis.
50  histokinases
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CK (2 times)
Con A (1 time)
1990 [The enhanced relative intensity of cAMP-dependent protein phosphorylation in stomach tumors].
51  Hong Kong, China
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AWS (1 time)
JAWS (1 time)
US (1 time)
2008 Trauma care systems: a comparison of trauma care in Victoria, Australia, and Hong Kong, China.
52  hook
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Dor (1 time)
MHV (1 time)
2000 Drosophila endosomal proteins hook and deep orange regulate synapse size but not synaptic vesicle recycling.
53  human corneal keratocytes
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2014 Construction of a collagen-based, split-thickness cornea substitute.
54  human kidney proximal tubular epithelial
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FN (2 times)
TGF-beta1 (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2012 [Effect of norcantharidin on the expression of FN, Col IV and TGF-beta1 mRNA and protein in HK-2 cells induced by high glucose].
55  human primary keratinocytes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
3'UTR (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1999 Reduction of syndecan-1 mRNA in cervical-carcinoma cells is involved with the 3' untranslated region.
56  hydronephrotic kidneys
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AQP1-4 (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
1990 Long-term follow-up of renal function in rats with unilateral hydronephrosis.
57  hypocalorie ketogenic
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
NC (2 times)
NK (2 times)
2008 Calorie-restricted ketogenic diet increases thresholds to all patterns of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures: critical importance of electroclinical assessment.
58  3-hydroxykynurenine:xanthurenic acid
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2018 Impaired functional vitamin B6 status is associated with increased risk of lung cancer.
59  Anti-high MW kininogen
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HAE (1 time)
2013 Enzymatic assays for the diagnosis of bradykinin-dependent angioedema.
60  biotin-high molecular mass kininogen
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1998 Identification of cytokeratin 1 as a binding protein and presentation receptor for kininogens on endothelial cells.
61  enzymes--hexokinase
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
MDH (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2004 Anthelmintic efficacy of Flemingia vestita (Fabaceae): alteration in the activities of some glycolytic enzymes in the cestode, Raillietina echinobothrida.
62  H(+)-K(+)-ATPase
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Lat B (1 time)
2001 Functionally distinct pools of actin in secretory cells.
63  H,K-ATPase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2002 Betam, a structural member of the X,K-ATPase beta subunit family, resides in the ER and does not associate with any known X,K-ATPase alpha subunit.
64  Haikou
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
HZ (1 time)
JN (1 time)
2018 Correlation between adult pyrethroid resistance and knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) field populations in China.
65  hair keratin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Ha5 (1 time)
NF (1 time)
2008 Transcriptional activation of a subset of hair keratin genes by the NF-kappaB effector p65/RelA.
66  Hajek
(1 time)
BPSP (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2010 Bayesian penalized spline model-based inference for finite population proportion in unequal probability sampling.
67  Hakko
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
UN (1 time)
2015 Objective and subjective comparison of the visibility of three echogenic needles and a nonechogenic needle on older ultrasound devices.
68  Haley-Knott
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
IM (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2006 Mapping quantitative trait loci by an extension of the Haley-Knott regression method using estimating equations.
69  Hamidi-Koliakos
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
HSP (1 time)
2012 Anti-heat shock protein 27 titers and oxidative stress levels are elevated in patients with valvular heart disease.
70  hands and knees
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
FW (1 time)
Hand (1 time)
2008 Sequential activation of axial muscles during different forms of rhythmic behavior in man.
71  Haptic Knob
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FMMA (1 time)
2014 Brain-computer interface-based robotic end effector system for wrist and hand rehabilitation: results of a three-armed randomized controlled trial for chronic stroke.
72  Hauptknochenschicht
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Relevance of aquatic environments for hominins: a case study from Trinil (Java, Indonesia).
73  Hauser-Kraus
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Synthesis of Spiro- and Fused Heterocycles via (4+4) Annulation of Sulfonylphthalide with o-Hydroxystyrenyl Derivatives.
74  hazelnut kernel
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HGLC (1 time)
TAA (1 time)
2006 Antioxidant and antiradical activities in extracts of hazelnut kernel (Corylus avellana L.) and hazelnut green leafy cover.
75  head kidney cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2006 Upregulation of carp GDNF mRNA by the immunomodulator AS101.
76  head kidney leukocytes
(1 time)
Probiotics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Inactivated Probiotic Bacteria Stimulate Cellular Immune Responses of Catla, Catla catla (Hamilton) In Vitro.
77  health knowledge
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2017 Determinants of health knowledge and health perceptions from the perspective of health-related education of patients with spinal cord injury: a systematic review.
78  healthy keratinocytes
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Psoriatic keratinocytes prime neutrophils for an overproduction of superoxide anions.
79  healthy knee
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IK (1 time)
1994 Spectral frequency analysis of dynamic balance in healthy and injured athletes.
80  heart and kidney transplantation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Immunologic events and long-term survival after combined heart and kidney transplantation: a 12-year single-center experience.
81  heart-kidney
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BOS (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2005 Multi-organ transplantation: is there a protective effect against acute and chronic rejection?
82  Heel-to-Knee test
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BSEO (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
2003 Effects of the oral form of ondansetron on cerebellar dysfunction. A multi-center double-blind study.
83  Heisenberg-Kitaev
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Relevance of the Heisenberg-Kitaev model for the honeycomb lattice iridates A2IrO3.
84  Helicokinin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AQP (1 time)
DIP (1 time)
HK-R (1 time)
2018 Helicokinin alters ion transport in the secondary cell-containing region of the Malpighian tubule of the larval cabbage looper Trichoplusia ni.
85  Hell Kettles
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RY (1 time)
2007 The biogeographical distribution of closely related freshwater sediment bacteria is determined by environmental selection.
86  Heller-Herman-Kluk-Kay
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Communication: HK propagator uniformized along a one-dimensional manifold in weakly anharmonic systems.
87  Hemetsberger-Knittel
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Extending the versatility of the Hemetsberger-Knittel indole synthesis through microwave and flow chemistry.
88  Hemoagglutination Kinetics
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2003 ABO System: molecular mimicry of Ascaris lumbricoides.
89  Hemokinin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NK1R (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2004 Cutting edge: hemokinin has substance P-like function and expression in inflammation.
90  Herbex-kid
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2008 Herbex-kid Inhibits Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions in Mice and Rats.
91  heterokaryons
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Concealed nuclei in Saccharomyces strains.
92  Hexagonal keratotomy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DALK (1 time)
2012 Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty for the management of iatrogenic keratectasia occurring after hexagonal keratotomy.
93  hexokinase assay
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
GLUT1 (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
1994 Fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in vitro: aspects of method and effects of treatment with gemcitabine.
94  hexokinase enzyme
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Glucose-driven chemo-mechanical autonomous drug-release system with multi-enzymatic amplification toward feedback control of blood glucose in diabetes.
95  hexokinase type I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Glc 1,6-P2 (1 time)
Glc-6-P (1 time)
1998 Enzymatic properties of overexpressed human hexokinase fragments.
96  hexokinase-based
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
YS (1 time)
1998 Analytical methods and stability assessment of liquid yeast derived sucrase.
97  high K+ medium
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ARANT (1 time)
DCCD (1 time)
DES (1 time)
1992 Effects of inhibitors of ion-motive ATPases on the plasma membrane potential of murine erythroleukemia cells.
98  High K+ water
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SIET (1 time)
2017 Potassium Regulation in Medaka (Oryzias latipes) Larvae Acclimated to Fresh Water: Passive Uptake and Active Secretion by the Skin Cells.
99  high K, alkaline diet
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ENaC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
LNaHK (1 time)
2019 Potassium Sparing Effects of Furosemide in Mice on High Potassium Diets.
100  high ketamine
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LK (1 time)
2003 Medetomidine-ketamine-butorphanol anesthetic combinations in binturongs (Arctictis binturong).