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Abbreviation: HN
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Long forms: 280

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
hemagglutinin-neuraminidase
(730 times)
Virology
(407 times)
NDV (236 times)
HPIV3 (40 times)
NA (36 times)
1975 The fate of protein subunits of parainfluenza (Sendai) virus after adsorption to NIL8 hamster embryo cells.
head and neck
(242 times)
Neoplasms
(110 times)
IMRT (30 times)
RT (19 times)
SCC (16 times)
1991 Plasma neopterin as an adjunct to C-reactive protein in assessment of infection.
Humanin
(123 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (44 times)
CLN (4 times)
FAD (4 times)
2001 Mechanisms of neuroprotection by a novel rescue factor humanin from Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein.
Heymann nephritis
(83 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(31 times)
MGN (8 times)
MN (6 times)
RAP (6 times)
1979 Immunoregulation of Heymann's nephritis. I. Induction of suppressor cells.
hydronephrosis
(55 times)
Urology
(20 times)
US (9 times)
SFU (8 times)
VUR (5 times)
1977 Intrarenal distribution of blood flow and glomerular filtration during chronic unilateral ureteral obstruction.
hyponatremia
(33 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
LOS (7 times)
SIADH (7 times)
ICU (5 times)
1989 Atrial natriuretic polypeptide in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage due to aneurysmal rupture. Correlation to hyponatremia.
hyperplastic nodules
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
HCC (8 times)
PTC (5 times)
AHF (3 times)
1977 Suppression of mammary tumorigenesis in C3H/He mice by ovariectomy or treatment with 2-bromo-alpha-ergocryptine: a comparison.
hyaluronectin
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HA (17 times)
PBMC (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1982 Immunochemical characterization of the hyaluronic acid-hyaluronectin interaction.
Havriliak-Negami
(19 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DSC (5 times)
KWW (3 times)
CHC (2 times)
2003 Relationships between conductivity and local topology in heterocyclic polymer networks.
10  hypoglossal nucleus
(18 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ARC (4 times)
c-Fos (4 times)
mAChR (4 times)
1984 The localization of vagal neurons in the terrapin (Trionyx sinensis) as revealed by the retrograde horseradish peroxidase method.
11  high nitrogen
(17 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
LN (13 times)
LiP (2 times)
NN (2 times)
1992 A randomized prospective trial comparing a defined formula diet, corticosteroids, and a defined formula diet plus corticosteroids in active Crohn's disease.
12  hereditary nephritis
(15 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
GBM (10 times)
EM (4 times)
IF (4 times)
1976 The specificity of split renal membranes in hereditary nephritis.
13  hypoglossal nerve
(15 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
PN (4 times)
SLN (2 times)
b.n (1 time)
1984 Comparison of changes in the hypoglossal and the phrenic nerve activity in response to increasing depth of anesthesia in cats.
14  highly negative
(14 times)
Brain
(4 times)
MN (12 times)
ERPs (5 times)
HP (5 times)
2008 The neural mechanism underlying the female advantage in identifying negative emotions: an event-related potential study.
15  Halo nevus
(12 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
HNV (1 time)
KP (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1996 CD69 expression and tumour necrosis factor-alpha immunoreactivity in the inflammatory cell infiltrate of halo naevi.
16  hypertensive nephropathy
(12 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
DN (6 times)
CKD (4 times)
eGFR (3 times)
1992 Rate of change of end-stage renal disease treatment incidence 1978-1987--has there been selection?
17  haemic neoplasia
(11 times)
Biology
(7 times)
RT (2 times)
TM-PERT (2 times)
DN (1 time)
1999 Environmental contaminants and the prevalence of hemic neoplasia (leukemia) in the common mussel (Mytilus edulis complex) from Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A.
18  hexyl nicotinate
(10 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
TEWL (3 times)
LDV (2 times)
MN (2 times)
1990 Racial differences in pharmacodynamic response to nicotinates in vivo in human skin: black and white.
19  hypertensive nephrosclerosis
(10 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
ESRD (5 times)
bN (2 times)
CGN (2 times)
1993 The familial risk of end-stage renal disease in African Americans.
20  heated nebulizer
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
SPE (3 times)
APCI (2 times)
MRM (2 times)
1998 Matrix effect in quantitative LC/MS/MS analyses of biological fluids: a method for determination of finasteride in human plasma at picogram per milliliter concentrations.
21  histogranin
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NMDA (4 times)
a, d (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1993 Characterization of [125I][Ser1]histogranin binding sites in rat brain.
22  hippocampal neurons
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
2007 Rapid downregulation of NCX and PMCA in hippocampal neurons following H2O2 oxidative stress.
23  human neural
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (6 times)
CFH (2 times)
COX (2 times)
2002 Cyclooxygenase-2 and presenilin-1 gene expression induced by interleukin-1beta and amyloid beta 42 peptide is potentiated by hypoxia in primary human neural cells.
24  human neutrophils
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PGE2 (2 times)
AA and BA (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1988 Studies with protein kinase C inhibitors presently available cannot elucidate the role of protein kinase C in the activation of NADPH oxidase.
25  halothane-negative
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
HP (7 times)
DFD (1 time)
FOP (1 time)
1981 Carcass characteristics and meat quality of halothane negative and halothane positive pietrain pigs.
26  head nurse
(7 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
CE (1 time)
CN (1 time)
DNS (1 time)
1990 Compliance with mandatory continuing education in nursing: a hospital-based study.
27  high N
(7 times)
Botany
(2 times)
LN (7 times)
MN (2 times)
BUN (1 time)
1991 Energy and protected protein supplements to lambs on endophyte-infected tall fescue pasture.
28  hormone-naive
(7 times)
Urology
(3 times)
AR (4 times)
CR (4 times)
CRPC (3 times)
2011 Expression of androgen receptor splice variants in prostate cancer bone metastases is associated with castration-resistance and short survival.
29  Hainan
(6 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
HZ (2 times)
ND (2 times)
XM (2 times)
2003 [Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis of Drosophila simulans in the mainland of China].
30  head-neck
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DR (2 times)
FL (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1987 Effect of head-neck position on elbow flexor muscle torque production.
31  Heberden's nodes
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
OA (3 times)
BN (2 times)
CMC (2 times)
1988 HLA antigens in patients with Heberden's nodes.
32  hemispatial neglect
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
ACHM (1 time)
RHD (1 time)
2004 [Cerebral blood flow in patients with various symptoms of hemispatial neglect following ischemic stroke].
33  high-nitrate
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LN (4 times)
BP (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
1981 Nitrate Accumulation, Assimilation, and Transport by Decapitated Corn Roots : EFFECTS OF PRIOR NITRATE NUTRITION.
34  Hunan
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
GD (2 times)
GX (2 times)
ZJ (2 times)
2007 Zinc and cadmium accumulation and tolerance in populations of Sedum alfredii.
35  hyperuricemic nephropathy
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EGFR (2 times)
3-MA (1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2015 EGF Receptor Inhibition Alleviates Hyperuricemic Nephropathy.
36  hypogastric nerves
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
SHP (4 times)
IHP (3 times)
CAAD (2 times)
2004 A comparison of the effects of tamsulosin and alfuzosin on neurally evoked increases in bladder neck and seminal vesicle pressure in rats.
37  head nodding
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TR (2 times)
CSF (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2006 Motion sickness provoked by torso rotation predicts that caused by head nodding.
38  healthy normal
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1999 MMPI manifestations of Chinese migraine syndromes: a control study.
39  hemagglutinin
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
APMV-1 (1 time)
APMV-2 (1 time)
BPIV3 (1 time)
2009 Molecular characterization of glycoprotein genes and phylogenetic analysis of two swine paramyxoviruses isolated from United States.
40  healthy nonsmokers
(4 times)
Genetic Markers
(1 time)
COPD (3 times)
ADC (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1992 Influence of chest background on pulmonary 99mTc-DTPA clearance in interstitial lung disease.
41  hematodermic neoplasm
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
NK (2 times)
pDCs (1 time)
TCL1 (1 time)
2008 CD4+/CD56+ hematodermic neoplasm: report of a rare variant with a T-cell receptor gene rearrangement.
42  hereditary nephropathy
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AR-HN (1 time)
ARHN (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1991 Progression of chronic renal failure.
43  hesperidin
(4 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
MA (2 times)
BDZ-bs (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2003 6-methylapigenin and hesperidin: new valeriana flavonoids with activity on the CNS.
44  high noise
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LN (2 times)
ON (2 times)
ZN (2 times)
1997 Comparison of signal-averaged electrocardiograms with different levels of noise: time-domain, frequency-domain, and spectrotemporal analysis.
45  high normal
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MSNA (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1999 Single-unit sympathetic discharge : quantitative assessment in human hypertensive disease.
46  histologically normal
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ADH (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
1989 Binding of epidermal growth factor by human normal, hypertrophic, and carcinomatous prostate.
47  human nature
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
HU (2 times)
HIF (1 time)
UH (1 time)
2012 Our flaws are more human than yours: ingroup bias in humanizing negative characteristics.
48  Hurthle cell neoplasm
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2006 Hemithyroidectomy: the preferred initial surgical approach for management of Hurthle cell neoplasm.
49  (R)-4-cyano-3-hydroxybutanoate
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HHDHs (2 times)
CASTing (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2014 Chemical and enzymatic approaches to the synthesis of optically pure ethyl (R)-4-cyano-3-hydroxybutanoate.
50  hazelnut
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CTMC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2009 Impact of native, heat-processed and encapsulated hazelnuts on the allergic response in hazelnut-allergic patients.
51  hematological neoplasms
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HPS (1 time)
LT (1 time)
NHMD (1 time)
1998 Hemophagocytic syndrome associated with hematological neoplasias.
52  heminephroureterectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BRS (1 time)
CL (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2011 Partial nephroureterectomy in a duplex system in children: the need for additional bladder procedures.
53  herniation
(3 times)
Central Nervous System
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
ND (3 times)
CS (1 time)
2013 Prevalence of disc degeneration in asymptomatic korean subjects. Part 1 : lumbar spine.
54  Homnil
(3 times)
Drug Discovery
(3 times)
DS (3 times)
CP (2 times)
JM (2 times)
2015 Preparation and characterization of lidocaine rice gel for oral application.
55  Hopfield network
(3 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
BGN (1 time)
CML (1 time)
GRN (1 time)
1997 Frustrated chaos in biological networks.
56  horn normal
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HC (3 times)
SCC (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2013 Identification of novel exons and transcripts by comprehensive RNA-Seq of horn cancer transcriptome in Bos indicus.
57  host nation
(3 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
MEDCAP (2 times)
ANA (1 time)
AVFs (1 time)
2011 Parasitology results from a MEDCAP in Africa.
58  Hounsfield number
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
en (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
1985 Computed tomographic grading with Hounsfield number related to delayed vasospasm in cases of ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
59  human neuroblastoma
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FACS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1998 Retinoic acid differentiated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells: an in vitro model to assess drug neurotoxicity.
60  hydrolysable nitrogen
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
TN (3 times)
AAN (1 time)
EN (1 time)
2008 [Dynamic changes of nitrogen forms in livestock manure during composting and relevant evaluation indices of compost maturity].
61  hypobaric normoxia
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HH (3 times)
NH (3 times)
NN (3 times)
2005 Evidence of a decrease in nitric oxide-storage molecules following acute hypoxia and/or hypobaria, by means of chemiluminescence analysis.
62  2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC-FLD (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
O-CMC (1 time)
2014 Determination of nitrofuran metabolites in shrimp by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using a new derivatization reagent.
63  3-hydroxynonanoate
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
HHp (1 time)
HHx (1 time)
2000 Hyperproduction of polyesters consisting of medium-chain-length hydroxyalkanoate monomers by strain Pseudomonas stutzeri 1317.
64  4-hydroxy-1,8-naphthalimide
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
UGT1A1 (1 time)
2015 An optimized ratiometric fluorescent probe for sensing human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 and its biological applications.
65  4-hydroxynonenal
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BAEC (1 time)
DD (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1994 4-Hydroxynonenal induces membrane perturbations and inhibition of basal prostacyclin production in endothelial cells, and migration of monocytes.
66  H&N White
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LB (2 times)
LW (2 times)
CR (1 time)
2009 Production performance and egg quality of four strains of laying hens kept in conventional cages and floor pens.
67  habenular nuclei
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
AVT (1 time)
CaBP (1 time)
1989 Habenular nuclei specifically bind synthetic arginine vasotocin.
68  haemagglutinin
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
PI-3 (1 time)
1983 Protein subunit vaccines of parainfluenza type 3 virus: immunogenic effect in lambs and mice.
69  Hainan province
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CDNB (1 time)
DG (1 time)
GSTs (1 time)
2009 Cloning, in vitro expression, and bioactivity of interleukin-18 isolated from a domestic porcine breed found in Henan.
70  Hartig net
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
CCs (1 time)
2013 The architecture of Norway spruce ectomycorrhizae: three-dimensional models of cortical cells, fungal biomass, and interface for potential nutrient exchange.
71  head and neck cancer
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1987 Circulating IgA immune complexes in head and neck cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
72  hearing nonsigners
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ASL (1 time)
DS (1 time)
ELU (1 time)
2008 Explicit processing demands reveal language modality-specific organization of working memory.
73  heavy nitrogen
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
OTUs (2 times)
SN (2 times)
2010 Community shifts of soybean stem-associated bacteria responding to different nodulation phenotypes and N levels.
74  heavy-chain N-terminal
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BoNTs (2 times)
HC (2 times)
Abs (1 time)
2015 The C-terminal heavy-chain domain of botulinum neurotoxin a is not the only site that binds neurons, as the N-terminal heavy-chain domain also plays a very active role in toxin-cell binding and interactions.
75  helminth-negative
(2 times)
World Health
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
HI (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2015 Serum Micronutrients in Helminth-infected Pregnant Women and Children: Suggestions for Differential Supplementation During Anti-helminthic Treatment.
76  hemagglutinating and neuraminidase activity
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SV5 (1 time)
TBC (1 time)
VDCC (1 time)
1980 Importance of antibodies to the fusion glycoprotein of paramyxoviruses in the prevention of spread of infection.
77  hemal node
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
B cells (1 time)
1982 Identification of lymphocytes extracted from bovine hemal nodes.
78  hematite nanoparticles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
EXAFS (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2009 Interaction of Zn(II) with hematite nanoparticles and microparticles: Part 2. ATR-FTIR and EXAFS study of the aqueous Zn(II)/oxalate/hematite ternary system.
79  hematopoietic niche
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
BM (2 times)
HSC (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
2013 In vitro construction of 2D and 3D simulations of the murine hematopoietic niche.
80  heminephrectomy
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
EU (1 time)
HNU (1 time)
2008 Ectopic ureteroceles in duplex systems: long-term follow up and 'treatment-free' status.
81  Hemonectin
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BM (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
1990 Developmental regulation of granulocytic cell binding to hemonectin.
82  hemorrhagic necrosis
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TNF (1 time)
1988 Tumor necrosis factor/cachectin. Induction of hemorrhagic necrosis in normal tissue requires the fifth component of complement (C5).
83  Hensen's node
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PN (2 times)
2001 The neural inductive signal is transferred to ectoblast in 1-2 h but a continued contact with mesoblast for 2-3 h is essential for neuralization in the chick area pellucida.
84  hepatic lymph node
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
PET/CT (1 time)
2011 [Analysis of hepatic lymph node metastasis in liver metastases from colorectal cancer].
85  hepatocyte nodules
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
DEN (1 time)
gamma-GTP (1 time)
1987 [Enzyme alterations during chemical hepatocarcinogenesis].
86  Hereditary neuropathies
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2013 Hereditary motor-sensory, motor, and sensory neuropathies in childhood.
87  Hering
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CFV (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
SCG (1 time)
2002 Ninth cranial nerve stimulation for epilepsy control. Part 1: efficacy in an animal model.
88  Hering's nerve
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
HNS (2 times)
2002 The effectiveness of Hering's nerve stimulation in controlling penicillin-induced seizures in the rat is dependent on the amygdala.
89  HFD-induced maternal obesity
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2010 Maternal overnutrition impacts offspring adiposity and brain appetite markers-modulation by postweaning diet.
90  high amount nitrogen
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ABA (2 times)
WS (2 times)
FEH (1 time)
2001 Hormonal changes in the grains of rice subjected to water stress during grain filling.
91  high normal blood pressure
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
IMT (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1999 Characteristics of cardiovascular morphology and function in the high-normal subset of hypertension defined by JNC-VI recommendations.
92  high-dose nicotine
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
LN (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
1994 Exposure to threshold doses of nicotine in utero: II. Neuroendocrine response to nicotine in adult male offspring.
93  Hippocampal neurogenesis
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2018 Plasticity and redundancy in the integration of adult born neurons in the hippocampus.
94  hispidulin-7-O-neohesperidoside
(2 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
IL (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
2017 Hispidulin-7-O-Neohesperidoside from Cirsium japonicum var. ussuriense Attenuates the Production of Inflammatory Mediators in LPS-Induced Raw 264.7 Cells and HT-29 Cells.
95  honokiol
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MN (2 times)
AAILs (1 time)
ZZHPD (1 time)
2016 Comparative pharmacokinetics and brain distribution of magnolol and honokiol after oral administration of Magnolia officinalis cortex extract and its compatibility with other herbal medicines in Zhi-Zi-Hou-Po Decoction to rats.
96  hospital nurses
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
GP's (1 time)
HCO (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2008 Inter-observer variation in paediatric clinical signs between different grades of staff examining children admitted to hospital in Tanzania.
97  hot nodules
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CN (1 time)
GD (1 time)
HNs (1 time)
2009 Increased percentage of microvessels but decreased density of large vessels in papillary carcinomas as compared to hot and cold thyroid nodules.
98  hybrid Norwood
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RBTS (2 times)
CFD (1 time)
LPM (1 time)
2012 Computational analysis of hybrid Norwood circulation with distal aortic arch obstruction and reverse Blalock-Taussig shunt.
99  hyperplastic liver nodule
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DEN (2 times)
2-FAA (1 time)
3'-Me-DAB (1 time)
1982 Route-dependent, organ-specific effects of carcinogens on induction of hyperplastic liver nodules in rats.
100  1,1'-((1E,2E)-hydrazine-1,2-diylidenedi(E)methylylidene)- dinaphthalen-2-ol
(1 time)
Spectrometry, Fluorescence
(1 time)
AIEE (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
2017 Recognition of D-Penicillamine Using Schiff Base Centered Fluorescent Organic Nanoparticles and Application to Medicine Analysis.