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Abbreviation: HPAI
Appearance Frequency: 1152 time(s)
Long forms: 13

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
highly pathogenic avian influenza
(1099 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(365 times)
HA (148 times)
LPAI (115 times)
AI (61 times)
1994 Effect of composting poultry carcasses on survival of exotic avian viruses: highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus and adenovirus of egg drop syndrome-76.
highly pathogenic AI
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
AI (29 times)
LPAI (13 times)
HA (5 times)
2002 The control of H5 or H7 mildly pathogenic avian influenza: a role for inactivated vaccine.
highly pathogenic avian
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
IAVs (2 times)
FFU (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2011 Transmission dynamics of low pathogenicity avian influenza infections in Turkey flocks.
highly pathogenic strains of the virus
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 ["Avian pests" and their very long history].
hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
ITT (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2008 Corticotropin tests for hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal insufficiency: a metaanalysis.
H5N1-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Pathology of whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) infected with H5N1 avian influenza virus in Akita, Japan, in 2008.
Habitual Physical Activity Index
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1997 Refinement of the Habitual Physical Activity Index for use with American adults.
high power ablation index
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
PV (1 time)
PVI (1 time)
2019 A multicentered evaluation of ablation at higher power guided by ablation index: Establishing ablation targets for pulmonary vein isolation.
highly pathogenic avian influenza in human cases
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
mAb (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2012 Discrimination of influenza A subtype by antibodies recognizing host-specific amino acids in the viral nucleoprotein.
10  highly pathogenic counterparts
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
LPAI (1 time)
2003 Comparison of the transmission characteristics of low and high pathogenicity avian influenza A virus (H5N2).
11  hypoplastic AI
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
HCAI (1 time)
HMAI (1 time)
1999 Craniofacial features associated with amelogenesis imperfecta.
12  hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
SE (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2014 Microtensile bond strength to enamel affected by hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta.
13  IntroductionHighly pathogenic avian influenza
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
LPAI (1 time)
2018 Local amplification of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 viruses in wild birds in the Netherlands, 2016 to 2017.