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Abbreviation: HR
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Long forms: 1763

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
hazard ratio
(48113 times)
Neoplasms
(11423 times)
CI (24385 times)
OS (6927 times)
PFS (2667 times)
1991 Trends in elderly hospitalization and readmission rates for a geographically defined population: pre- and post-prospective payment.
heart rate
(22730 times)
Physiology
(4149 times)
MAP (3984 times)
BP (3803 times)
SBP (1581 times)
0 Junctional Rhythm Preoperatively and During General Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
homologous recombination
(2789 times)
Molecular Biology
(670 times)
NHEJ (740 times)
DSBs (658 times)
DSB (443 times)
1991 Targeted disruption of a human interferon-inducible gene detected by secretion of human growth hormone.
high-risk
(1495 times)
Neoplasms
(411 times)
HPV (527 times)
LR (409 times)
IR (117 times)
1982 Cognitive brain potentials in children at risk for schizophrenia: preliminary findings.
hormone receptor
(953 times)
Neoplasms
(664 times)
HER2 (293 times)
OS (163 times)
PCR (120 times)
1986 [Accumulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the ovary of the eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) in vitro under the effect of carp gonadotropin or ovine lutropin: kinetics and thermodependence].
hypersensitive response
(940 times)
Botany
(521 times)
SA (92 times)
ROS (70 times)
PCD (63 times)
1980 Lipopolysaccharide Composition of the Wilt Pathogen, Pseudomonas solanacearum: CORRELATION WITH THE HYPERSENSITIVE RESPONSE IN TOBACCO.
high-resolution
(558 times)
Medical Informatics
(80 times)
LR (144 times)
SR (78 times)
MRI (23 times)
1982 The current state of the radiological diagnosis of acoustic neuroma.
hepatic resection
(193 times)
General Surgery
(63 times)
HCC (125 times)
RFA (51 times)
OS (48 times)
1989 Reappraisal of surgical treatment of small hepatocellular carcinomas in cirrhosis: clinicopathological study of resection or transplantation.
high responders
(164 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(34 times)
LR (138 times)
NR (9 times)
GCF (5 times)
1980 Protective immunity and the cell-mediated immune response in mice following oral administration of an avirulent strain of Salmonella typhimurium.
10  hypoxia-reoxygenation
(164 times)
Cell Biology
(29 times)
IR (42 times)
ROS (27 times)
IRI (15 times)
1995 Endogenous antioxidants in isolated hypertrophied cardiac myocytes and hypoxia-reoxygenation injury.
11  hypersensitive reaction
(153 times)
Botany
(73 times)
SA (11 times)
TMV (6 times)
dpi (4 times)
1975 Some Ultrastructural Changes Induced in Resistant and Susceptible Soybean Roots Following Infection by Rotylenchulus reniformis.
12  human resource
(129 times)
Health Services
(25 times)
HRM (13 times)
HRIS (3 times)
MSH (3 times)
1990 All managers are HR (human resources) managers.
13  hazard risk
(125 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
CI (63 times)
OS (13 times)
OR (7 times)
1999 Rate of incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with compensated viral cirrhosis.
14  histamine release
(121 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(81 times)
SPT (18 times)
SP (6 times)
Con A (5 times)
1977 Inhibition of reagin-mediated PCA reactions in monkeys and histamine release from human leukocytes by human IgG4 subclass.
15  Hazard Ratios
(110 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CI (33 times)
OS (11 times)
PFS (6 times)
2003 [Study on the mortality-related factors in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis].
16  halorhodopsin
(77 times)
Biochemistry
(36 times)
bR (39 times)
SR (6 times)
SRI (6 times)
1982 Isolation and characterization of the retinal-binding component of halorhodopsin.
17  hypertension
(75 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
CI (19 times)
HRs (9 times)
CIs (4 times)
1988 Plasma cortisol and corticosteroid-binding globulin in essential hypertension.
18  highly resistant
(72 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
LR (23 times)
MR (14 times)
hs (8 times)
1973 Complementary RNA species isolated from vesicular stomatitis (HR strain) defective virions.
19  O-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-rutosides
(70 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
CVI (7 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
7-Mono-HR (1 time)
1969 [A new use of O-(beta-hydroxyethyl) rutoside (HR) in sclerosing varices].
20  heptad repeat
(68 times)
Virology
(23 times)
NDV (7 times)
CoV (4 times)
SARS (4 times)
1998 Identification and mutagenesis of a highly conserved domain in troponin T responsible for troponin I binding: potential role for coiled coil interaction.
21  heart failure
(64 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
CI (22 times)
AF (6 times)
HRs (4 times)
2005 Seven-year follow-up after dobutamine stress echocardiography: impact of gender on prognosis.
22  HRmax
(47 times)
Sports Medicine
(22 times)
RPE (8 times)
HRV (3 times)
LT (3 times)
1983 Heart rate and sweat rate responses associated with exercise-induced hypervolemia.
23  hypophosphatemic rickets
(47 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
FGF23 (5 times)
XLH (5 times)
PTH (4 times)
1989 Surgically curable hypophosphatemic rickets. Diagnosis and management.
24  hazard rate ratio
(46 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
CI (16 times)
OS (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2000 The risk for second primaries in gastric cancer patients: adjuvant therapy and habitual smoking and drinking.
25  hip resurfacing
(43 times)
Orthopedics
(30 times)
THA (16 times)
MoM (6 times)
THR (6 times)
2008 Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing radiographic evaluation techniques.
26  higher
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
AUROC (3 times)
CVD (3 times)
1998 The outcome of patients with a first non-Q wave acute myocardial infarction presenting with ST segment depression, ST segment elevation, or no ST deviations on the admission electrocardiogram.
27  higher risk of MI
(36 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CI (9 times)
MI (6 times)
CVD (5 times)
2007 The influence of established genetic variation in the haemostatic system on clinical restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions.
28  hazard
(35 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
CI (9 times)
AKI (2 times)
AMI (2 times)
2000 Pulmonary function, smoking cessation and 30 year mortality in middle aged Finnish men.
29  harm reduction
(34 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(18 times)
PWID (8 times)
aOR (4 times)
HCV (4 times)
1999 The use of significant reduction rates to evaluate health education methods for pregnant smokers: a new harm reduction behavioral indicator?
30  hematologic response
(34 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
CML (7 times)
OS (7 times)
AL (4 times)
1987 Splenic irradiation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A 10-year experience at a single institution.
31  heating rate
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HT (3 times)
AE (2 times)
BC (2 times)
1986 An atropinized heat-stressed rat model: dose response effects and pharmacokinetics.
32  hairy roots
(30 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
DT (2 times)
MeJA (2 times)
PRS (2 times)
1987 Independent and synergistic activity of rol A, B and C loci in stimulating abnormal growth in plants.
33  heart disease
(30 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CI (10 times)
AF (3 times)
CVD (3 times)
2006 Comparison of the impact of atrial fibrillation on the risk of early death after stroke in women versus men.
34  high reflection
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
LR (7 times)
AR (6 times)
LIDT (5 times)
2002 On the association between date of birth and pollen sensitization: is age an effect modifier?
35  high runner
(29 times)
Biology
(10 times)
MM (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
AEA (1 time)
2005 Phenotypic and evolutionary plasticity of organ masses in response to voluntary exercise in house mice.
36  herbicide-resistant
(27 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
GM (3 times)
GR (3 times)
PMGF (2 times)
2003 Overwintering of Heliothis virescens (F.) and Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in cotton fields of northeast Mississippi.
37  higher risk of all-cause mortality
(27 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CI (7 times)
CVD (6 times)
CIs (3 times)
2009 Diet quality and mortality: a population-based prospective study of men.
38  home range
(27 times)
Virology
(7 times)
GPS (3 times)
ca (2 times)
UD (2 times)
1990 The immune response to influenza vaccines.
39  hallux rigidus
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(17 times)
MTP (8 times)
HV (6 times)
AOFAS (4 times)
1999 Hallux valgus and hallux rigidus: MRI findings.
40  hydraulic redistribution
(26 times)
Botany
(17 times)
soil (3 times)
CAM (1 time)
CMN (1 time)
2004 Species-specific patterns of hydraulic lift in co-occurring adult trees and grasses in a sandhill community.
41  histamine receptor
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
H1R (2 times)
HDC (2 times)
HSC (2 times)
2002 [Histamine receptors expression on lymphocytes and neutrophils in glucocorticosteroid sensitive and resistant asthma patients].
42  heart
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
RR (7 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BP (2 times)
1983 Continuous positive airway pressure is beneficial in treatment of smoke inhalation.
43  hypertensive retinopathy
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
A/V (2 times)
Ang II (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1994 Ocular changes in Takayasu's arteritis in India.
44  H+-ATPase-rich
(22 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
NCC (8 times)
NaR (6 times)
NHE3b (3 times)
2007 Gene expression of Na+/H+ exchanger in zebrafish H+ -ATPase-rich cells during acclimation to low-Na+ and acidic environments.
45  higher risk
(22 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
MDS (5 times)
CI (4 times)
LR (4 times)
2005 Pharmacogenetics of outcome in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
46  Hindmarsh-Rose
(22 times)
Cognitive Science
(5 times)
CCI (1 time)
CPG (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2004 Chaotic itinerancy as a mechanism of irregular changes between synchronization and desynchronization in a neural network.
47  hairless gene
(21 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
APL (4 times)
MUHH (3 times)
Hr (2 times)
1999 Genomic organization of the human hairless gene (HR) and identification of a mutation underlying congenital atrichia in an Arab Palestinian family.
48  higher mortality
(21 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CI (10 times)
CVD (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
2007 Joint effect of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption on mortality.
49  hit rate
(21 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
FAR (4 times)
RT (4 times)
EF (3 times)
2000 Identifying personality disorders: towards the development of a clinical screening instrument.
50  higher OS
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CI (5 times)
CSM (3 times)
OS (2 times)
2005 The association between weight fluctuation and mortality: results from a population-based cohort study.
51  hospitalization rate
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
IR (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1992 Factors affecting survival of hemodialysis patients utilizing urea kinetic modeling. A critical appraisal of shortening dialysis times.
52  health-related
(19 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(4 times)
QOL (15 times)
EADV (4 times)
SF-36 (3 times)
2004 Health related quality of life assessments for patients with bladder cancer.
53  hemodynamic response
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
fNIRS (8 times)
BOLD (2 times)
fMRI (2 times)
2000 Nonlinear regression of functional MRI data: an item recognition task study.
54  heparin resistance
(18 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
ACT (5 times)
AT (5 times)
UFH (5 times)
1993 Isolation of heparin-insensitive aortic smooth muscle cells. Growth and differentiation.
55  hinge region
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
IgAN (7 times)
AI-ECD (2 times)
DBD (2 times)
2005 Determination of aberrant O-glycosylation in the IgA1 hinge region by electron capture dissociation fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
56  harmonic ratio
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
ML (2 times)
MSE (2 times)
aMCI (1 time)
2013 Effects of multicomponent exercise on spatial-temporal gait parameters among the elderly with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI): preliminary results from a randomized controlled trial (RCT).
57  hemorrhage
(16 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CI (7 times)
AF (3 times)
AVS (1 time)
2010 Retinal vascular calibers and the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction: the Rotterdam Study.
58  history of SUD
(16 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
CVD (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2009 Baseline factors associated with congestive heart failure in patients receiving etoricoxib or diclofenac: multivariate analysis of the MEDAL program.
59  hormone-refractory
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PCa (6 times)
HS (5 times)
PSA (4 times)
1994 Androgen receptor status in localized and locally progressive hormone refractory human prostate cancer.
60  hatching rate
(15 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
FR (6 times)
SR (6 times)
dph (3 times)
1986 Comparison of media used for human in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer programs--a new method of serum preparation.
61  hazard ratio for death
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CI (3 times)
6MWD (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2004 Breast cancer prognosis in relation to family history of breast and ovarian cancer.
62  hybrid resistance
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
NK (3 times)
CTL (2 times)
GVHID (2 times)
1981 Inhibition of hybrid resistance to lymphomas by inactivated tumor cells in lethally irradiated mice.
63  hazards regression
(14 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2002 Predictors of lower extremity injury among recreationally active adults.
64  heart failure hospitalization
(14 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CRT (4 times)
HF (2 times)
2008 History of hypertension and eplerenone in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure.
65  high-risk group
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
ALL (5 times)
EFS (3 times)
CCLG-ALL 2008 (2 times)
1992 Chemotherapy-related side effects in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia in Taiwan: a nursing perspective.
66  homologous repair
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NHEJ (5 times)
DSB (3 times)
DSBs (2 times)
2006 Conditional deletion of Nbs1 in murine cells reveals its role in branching repair pathways of DNA double-strand breaks.
67  heparin-releasable
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
LPL (11 times)
EXT (5 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
1988 Regulation of lipoprotein lipase immunoreactive mass in isolated human adipocytes.
68  hip ratio
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
LR (7 times)
BMI (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1986 Clinical evaluation of automatic tachycardia diagnosis by an implanted device.
69  hormone replacement
(13 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
cHRT (1 time)
1994 Sexual difference in the incidence of diabetes mellitus in Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima-Fatty rats: effects of castration and sex hormone replacement on its incidence.
70  hydrophobic region
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
OR (5 times)
PrP (4 times)
PK (2 times)
2000 Identification of a potential membrane-targeting region of the replication initiator protein (TrfA) of broad-host-range plasmid RK2.
71  hyperlipidemia
(13 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CI (5 times)
HRs (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2012 A non-cancer-related survival benefit is associated with partial nephrectomy.
72  adjusted-hazard ratio
(12 times)
Gynecology
(8 times)
CI (9 times)
CSS (2 times)
IPTW (2 times)
2016 Fracture prediction from repeat BMD measurements in clinical practice.
73  baroreceptor-heart rate
(12 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MAP (5 times)
AV (2 times)
BP (2 times)
1992 Characterization of the baroreceptor heart rate reflex during development in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
74  H-reflex
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
EMG (3 times)
AVSTSD (1 time)
dt-TES (1 time)
1992 [The generator of locomotor activity as the probable modulator of the afferent flow from the thermoreceptors of the skin fields of the flexor and extensor muscles].
75  hazard of death
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
OS (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
2002 Cervical metastasis of unknown origin: a series of 72 patients.
76  higher risk of death
(12 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CI (5 times)
CABG (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
2011 Regional inequalities in under-5 mortality in Nigeria: a population-based analysis of individual- and community-level determinants.
77  higher risk of mortality
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CI (5 times)
CVD (4 times)
AF (2 times)
2012 Administered paricalcitol dose and survival in hemodialysis patients: a marginal structural model analysis.
78  histamine release test
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
SPT (7 times)
BAT (1 time)
BPT (1 time)
1988 Modification of house dust mite allergens by monomethoxypolyethylene glycol. Allergenicity measured by in vitro and in vivo methods.
79  histological remission
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MH (3 times)
UC (3 times)
CD (2 times)
1992 Clonogenic assay is not predictive but reflects therapeutic efficacy of interferons in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia.
80  hypercholesterolemia
(12 times)
Liver
(1 time)
CI (4 times)
ACEI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Determinants and patterns of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors' prescription in the first year following kidney transplantation.
81  hypertriglyceridemia
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CI (5 times)
DM (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2010 The impact of postadmission glycemia on stroke outcome: Glucose normalisation is associated with better survival.
82  Hoffmann reflex
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
alpha5GABAA (2 times)
HD (2 times)
LLR (2 times)
1985 Long-latency responses in human thenar muscles mediated by fast conducting muscle and cutaneous afferents.
83  Haihe River
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
DDC (3 times)
BPA (2 times)
Gd (2 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of alkaline small subunits of ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase from Medicago sativa and M. falcata.
84  Hausner ratio
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
AOR (2 times)
API (2 times)
1998 Resistance to densification, tensile strength and capsule-filling performance of some pharmaceutical diluents.
85  hip fracture
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
BUA (1 time)
2014 Intake and serum concentrations of alpha-tocopherol in relation to fractures in elderly women and men: 2 cohort studies.
86  HRpeak
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
SCI (2 times)
ABT (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
1999 Energy cost of sport rock climbing in elite performers.
87  LC-high resolution
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
TurboFlow (2 times)
CV (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
2013 Structure-oriented UHPLC-LTQ Orbitrap-based approach as a dereplication strategy for the identification of isoflavonoids from Amphimas pterocarpoides crude extract.
88  QT-heart rate
(10 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
BP (2 times)
RPE (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
1990 Effect of propranolol on diastolic time during exercise.
89  had significantly better OS
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (3 times)
ER (2 times)
2011 Incidence and outcome of BRCA mutations in unselected patients with triple receptor-negative breast cancer.
90  high spatial resolution
(9 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
LR (4 times)
MS (3 times)
PAN (3 times)
1995 [Turbo-spin-echo MR imaging of the brain at 0.5 T].
91  history
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (4 times)
CV (2 times)
ACEI (1 time)
2014 P-cresyl sulfate is a valuable predictor of clinical outcomes in pre-ESRD patients.
92  hospital readmissions
(9 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CESQIP (1 time)
2013 Hospital readmission among older adults who return home with unmet need for ADL disability.
93  hs-CRP
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
hs-CRP (7 times)
CI (3 times)
MACE (2 times)
2010 A novel predictor of restenosis and adverse cardiac events: asymmetric dimethylarginine.
94  humoral rejection
(9 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
ABOi (2 times)
EMB (2 times)
HT (2 times)
2003 Humoral rejection in cardiac transplantation: risk factors, hemodynamic consequences and relationship to transplant coronary artery disease.
95  heart rhythm
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EHRA (2 times)
AV (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1986 Components of the heart rhythm power spectrum in wakefulness and individual sleep stages.
96  hemolysis ratio
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ACGN (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2000 In vitro characterization of the occurrence of hemolysis during extracorporeal blood circulation using a mini hemodialyzer.
97  hepatocellular carcinoma
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
LT (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2013 Epidemiology and clinical features of post-transplant bloodstream infection: an analysis of 222 consecutive liver transplant recipients.
98  high-reward
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
LR (6 times)
ACC (2 times)
BLA (1 time)
2005 The mesocortical dopamine projection to anterior cingulate cortex plays no role in guiding effort-related decisions.
99  hormone receptor-positive
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
pCR (3 times)
BC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2011 Impact of mammographic screening on the detection of good and poor prognosis breast cancers.
100  Huang-Rhys
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DFT (2 times)
ACQ (1 time)
AIE (1 time)
2008 Vibronic effects in the 1(1)B(u)(1(1)B(2)) excited singlet states of oligothiophenes. fluorescence study of the 1(1)A(g)(1(1)A(1)) <-- 1(1)B(u)(1(1)B(2)) transition in terms of DFT, TDDFT, and CASSCF methods.