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Abbreviation: HS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
heparan sulfate
(2438 times)
Biochemistry
(753 times)
GAGs (321 times)
CS (300 times)
GAG (216 times)
1975 Glycosaminoglycans from Ateroid and bovine duodenal mucosa and pancreas.
Hidradenitis suppurativa
(933 times)
Dermatology
(627 times)
DLQI (38 times)
CI (27 times)
IL (27 times)
1977 Host-defense mechanisms in hidradenitis suppurativa.
heat stress
(677 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(222 times)
TN (115 times)
ROS (34 times)
HSP (29 times)
1979 Fasting and diet affect the tolerance of young chickens exposed to acute heat stress.
healthy subjects
(661 times)
Neurology
(84 times)
AD (26 times)
PD (24 times)
RA (24 times)
1976 Epstein-Barr-virus-specific IgA and IgG serum antibodies in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
hemorrhagic shock
(560 times)
Cardiology
(97 times)
MAP (82 times)
TBI (49 times)
TNF-alpha (28 times)
1982 The effect of ATP on survival in intestinal ischemia shock, hemorrhagic shock, and endotoxin shock in rats.
hippocampal sclerosis
(560 times)
Neurology
(424 times)
TLE (189 times)
MTLE (118 times)
MRI (70 times)
1977 Evoked response and after-discharge thresholds to electrical stimulation in temporal lobe epileptics.
hereditary spherocytosis
(488 times)
Hematology
(236 times)
RBC (44 times)
HE (42 times)
EMA (38 times)
1967 Concomitant alterations of sodium flux and membrane phospholipid metabolism in red blood cells: studies in hereditary spherocytosis.
heat shock
(446 times)
Molecular Biology
(74 times)
HSP (54 times)
HSPs (38 times)
HSF (18 times)
1979 Heat-shock induced proteins present in the cell nucleus of Chironomus tentans salivary gland.
humic substances
(424 times)
Environmental Health
(270 times)
HA (70 times)
FA (47 times)
DOM (21 times)
1994 Effect of humic acids on thyroidal function.
10  hypertonic saline
(408 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(57 times)
NS (38 times)
CF (32 times)
MAP (30 times)
1977 Role of transmitters in mediating hypothalamic control of electrolyte excretion.
11  high-salt
(269 times)
Physiology
(99 times)
LS (84 times)
NS (56 times)
BP (29 times)
1982 Effects of salt intake and renal denervation on catecholamine catabolism and excretion.
12  high-spin
(254 times)
Chemistry
(201 times)
LS (190 times)
SCO (50 times)
DFT (16 times)
1982 Dynamics of the spin transition in camphor-bound ferric cytochrome P-450 versus temperature, pressure and viscosity.
13  human serum
(217 times)
Cell Biology
(36 times)
FBS (57 times)
FCS (34 times)
DMEM (10 times)
1975 Comparative studies of the growth promoting effects of ascitic or pleural effusion from patients with malignant tumors, human serum and fetal calf serum on human cells cultured in vitro.
14  headspace
(178 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(116 times)
SPME (53 times)
GC (38 times)
GC-MS (22 times)
1993 Determination of chloroform levels in blood using a headspace capillary gas chromatographic method.
15  hepatic steatosis
(154 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
NAFLD (29 times)
BMI (23 times)
CAP (16 times)
2001 Effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and hepatic steatosis on the functioning of isolated working rat heart under normoxic conditions and during post-ischemic reperfusion.
16  histiocytic sarcoma
(149 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(46 times)
CNS (8 times)
IDCS (5 times)
BMDs (4 times)
1991 [Plasma concentrations of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 in patients with hematological malignancies and their clinical significance].
17  hypertrophic scar
(147 times)
Dermatology
(29 times)
HSFs (19 times)
ECM (17 times)
alpha-SMA (16 times)
1989 Increased fibronectin production by cell lines from hypertrophic scar and keloid.
18  hemorrhagic stroke
(146 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
IS (61 times)
CI (20 times)
SAH (12 times)
1987 Aetiological examination of an outbreak of haemorrhagic syndrome in a broiler flock in Japan.
19  hindlimb suspension
(138 times)
Physiology
(78 times)
CSA (14 times)
MHC (12 times)
EDL (10 times)
1986 Models of disuse: a comparison of hindlimb suspension and immobilization.
20  harmonic scalpel
(108 times)
General Surgery
(61 times)
LS (8 times)
CH (7 times)
EC (7 times)
1997 Recent advances in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: comparative study of electrosurgical snare electrode and ultrasound dissection.
21  hypersensitive site
(104 times)
Molecular Biology
(28 times)
LCR (30 times)
YAC (4 times)
hGH (3 times)
1987 High-resolution mapping of DNase I hypersensitive site in the chicken beta-tubulin gene transfected into monkey cells.
22  health status
(101 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(17 times)
QOL (27 times)
COPD (13 times)
HRQoL (11 times)
1982 Influence of age, previous health status, and severity of acute illness on outcome from intensive care.
23  high school
(96 times)
Sports Medicine
(17 times)
MS (15 times)
COL (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1999 Gender differences in chronic disease risk behaviors through the transition out of high school.
24  Horner's syndrome
(93 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
MRI (5 times)
HSCT (4 times)
SCT (4 times)
1978 Horner's syndrome in the horse: experimental induction and a case report.
25  heat stroke
(87 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
Tc (7 times)
IL (6 times)
ALF (5 times)
1990 Is dantrolene effective in heat stroke patients?
26  horse serum
(79 times)
Cell Biology
(24 times)
FBS (22 times)
FCS (18 times)
CS (5 times)
1973 Somite chondrogenesis. A structural analysis.
27  hypersensitive
(77 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
LCR (4 times)
NSAIDs (4 times)
LTR (3 times)
1985 Mapping of DNase I-hypersensitive sites in the 5' and 3' long terminal repeats of integrated moloney murine leukemia virus proviral DNA.
28  hemophagocytic syndrome
(70 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
EBV (8 times)
HLH (4 times)
IAHS (4 times)
1992 [T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma associated with hemophagocytic syndrome].
29  haemorrhagic septicaemia
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(37 times)
FMD (4 times)
MLST (3 times)
OMPs (3 times)
1981 Mortality among cattle and buffaloes in Sri Lanka due to haemorrhagic septicaemia.
30  heterogeneous stock
(65 times)
Genetics
(22 times)
QTL (12 times)
CC (3 times)
LS (3 times)
1981 Behavioral and physiological measures for studying ethanol dependence in mice.
31  high sucrose
(47 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
HF (17 times)
MF (4 times)
TG (4 times)
1983 Influence of dietary carbohydrates (alpha-saccharides) on hepatic drug metabolism in male rats.
32  handgrip strength
(46 times)
Geriatrics
(15 times)
BMI (9 times)
GS (8 times)
BIA (5 times)
2007 Acute action of aminophylline in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
33  high sodium
(45 times)
Physiology
(20 times)
LS (23 times)
NS (14 times)
BP (7 times)
1985 A profile of the intestinal mucosal corticosteroid receptors in the domestic duck.
34  hard-sphere
(43 times)
Chemistry
(29 times)
LJ (4 times)
MD (3 times)
DSMC (2 times)
2001 Effect of solute size and solute-water attractive interactions on hydration water structure around hydrophobic solutes.
35  high-salt diet
(41 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
NS (13 times)
DS (7 times)
LS (7 times)
1989 Norepinephrine overflow and re-uptake in perfused mesenteric arteries of Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats.
36  hamstring
(40 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
ACL (16 times)
ACLR (8 times)
TA (8 times)
1985 Copper-induced myopathy in rabbits: ultrastructural observations.
37  healthy smokers
(33 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
NS (11 times)
COPD (9 times)
HNS (8 times)
1988 Cigarette smoking and the outcome after lower limb arterial surgery.
38  high-starch
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
LS (13 times)
HF (11 times)
DM (3 times)
1995 Influence of high-starch vs high-fiber energy supplements on performance of stocker cattle grazing wheat pasture and subsequent feedlot performance.
39  Head Start
(31 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
OS (4 times)
AuHCR (3 times)
EFS (3 times)
1992 Nursing caries in Head Start children, St. Thomas U.S. Virgin Islands: assessed by examiners with different dental backgrounds.
40  heel strike
(31 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
TO (17 times)
AP (3 times)
EMG (3 times)
2000 Form switching during human locomotion: traversing wedges in a single step.
41  Hibiscus sabdariffa
(31 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
BP (4 times)
HR (2 times)
HSE (2 times)
1996 Mechanisms of the blood pressure lowering effect of the calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa in rats.
42  hand-sewn
(30 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
CS (10 times)
LS (7 times)
CI (4 times)
1992 Direct comparison between Czerny-Lembert and circular-stapled anastomotic techniques in colorectal anastomosis: a similar pattern of healing for both.
43  hybrid surgery
(30 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
ROM (21 times)
ACDF (20 times)
NDI (12 times)
2009 Artificial disc replacement combined with fusion versus two-level fusion in cervical two-level disc disease.
44  hemosorption
(29 times)
Anesthesiology
(9 times)
PA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
ES (2 times)
1986 [Effect of hemosorption and the separate and combined use of obsidan, trental and colpharit on rheological and hemostatic properties of the blood in patients with unstable stenocardia].
45  hospital stay
(28 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
OT (6 times)
EBL (5 times)
IP (3 times)
1998 Outcome of COPD patients performing nocturnal non-invasive mechanical ventilation.
46  heart sound
(27 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(17 times)
LS (8 times)
EMD (3 times)
CVD (2 times)
1987 [The physiologic 3d heart sound in childhood. Determination in phonocardiography and assessment by auscultation].
47  Hartmann-Shack
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
DP (3 times)
MTF (3 times)
RMS (3 times)
2001 Dynamics of the eye's wave aberration.
48  hot spot
(26 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(6 times)
CLSI (2 times)
ECVs (2 times)
SASA (2 times)
2009 Self-assembly of alpha,omega-aliphatic diamines on Ag nanoparticles as an effective localized surface plasmon nanosensor based in interparticle hot spots.
49  habitual snoring
(25 times)
Psychophysiology
(7 times)
OSA (5 times)
SDB (5 times)
ETS (3 times)
1995 [Sign and symptoms in Japanese patients with obstructive sleep apnea: present status and problems].
50  heat-stable
(25 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
HL (6 times)
PFGE (5 times)
GBS (4 times)
1986 Isolation and identification of an exoantigen specific for Coccidioides immitis.
51  herpes simplex
(25 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
VZ (5 times)
HZ (4 times)
CF (2 times)
1971 Immunodiffusion tests for antibodies to herpes simplex (H.S.), varicella zoster (V.-Z.) and cytomegaloviruses (CMV).
52  heterotaxy syndrome
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
LAI (5 times)
IRA (4 times)
RAI (3 times)
2006 Spectrum of cardiovascular disease, accuracy of diagnosis, and outcome in fetal heterotaxy syndrome.
53  harmony search
(24 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
GA (3 times)
FIM (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
2010 A linked simulation-optimization model for solving the unknown groundwater pollution source identification problems.
54  hydrogen sulfide
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
DDGS (5 times)
C-SBM (2 times)
DMS (2 times)
1998 Neuromuscular sensitivity to hydrogen sulfide in the marine invertebrate Urechis caupo.
55  heterostructure
(22 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(8 times)
Al (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
HiD (1 time)
2011 Does help structures play a role in reducing the variation of dwell time in IPSA planning for gynaecological brachytherapy application?
56  hyperbolic secant
(21 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(17 times)
FOCI (4 times)
L-GRIN (2 times)
MAS (2 times)
1998 Perfusion imaging using FOCI RF pulses.
57  hypertonic saline solution
(21 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
LR (5 times)
MAP (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
1989 Central lesion abolishes the beneficial effect of hypertonic saline on circulatory shock produced by compound 48/80 in rats.
58  horizontal system
(20 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CH (5 times)
LPTCs (4 times)
VS (4 times)
1995 Neural computation of motion in the fly visual system: quadratic nonlinearity of responses induced by picrotoxin in the HS and CH cells.
59  hepatosplenic
(19 times)
Parasitology
(6 times)
HI (7 times)
INT (5 times)
SEA (4 times)
1990 Immune responses during human Schistosoma mansoni. XVII. Recognition by monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies of several idiotopes on a monoclonal anti-soluble schistosomal egg antigen antibody and anti-soluble schistosomal egg antigen antibodies from patients with different clinical forms of infection.
60  high-speed
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
LS (4 times)
HR (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
1988 Radioimmunoassay of beta-thromboglobulin. False high values from frozen plasma samples.
61  high-sugar
(19 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
HF (11 times)
HFHS (4 times)
DR (2 times)
2004 Diet-induced changes in AChE activity after long-term exposure.
62  hydrogen-rich saline
(19 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MDA (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
EBI (2 times)
2011 The protective role of hydrogen-rich saline in experimental liver injury in mice.
63  half-squat
(18 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
JS (8 times)
LT (4 times)
MPP (4 times)
2000 Effects of high-intensity resistance training on untrained older men. I. Strength, cardiovascular, and metabolic responses.
64  heat-stressed
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AUC (2 times)
HSP70 (2 times)
HSPs (2 times)
1992 Effect of heat stress on 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butanoic acid and DL-methionine absorption measured in vitro.
65  histological score
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
DAI (6 times)
DSS (4 times)
IBD (3 times)
1993 Immunocytochemical assay for estrogen receptor with monoclonal antibody D753P gamma in routinely processed formaldehyde-fixed breast tissue. Comparison with frozen section assay and with monoclonal antibody H222.
66  hormone-sensitive
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
HI (5 times)
HR (5 times)
PCa (4 times)
1989 In vivo relationship between morphonuclear parameters and hormone sensitivity of the murine MXT mammary tumor.
67  hyperspectral
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
PAN (3 times)
DNN (2 times)
GS (2 times)
2004 Feature reduction and morphological processing for hyperspectral image data.
68  Hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa
(17 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
DLQI (3 times)
HiSCR (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
2015 European S1 guideline for the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa.
69  Hopelessness Scale
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
BDI (9 times)
ATQ (4 times)
RS (3 times)
1988 Hopelessness as a measure of suicidal intent in the depressed elderly.
70  hysteroscopy
(15 times)
Gynecology
(11 times)
TVS (6 times)
SIS (5 times)
SHG (3 times)
1997 [Preliminary diagnostic evaluation of submucosal myoma using operative hysteroscopy].
71  healthy control subjects
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LJP (2 times)
MS (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1988 [Proteases and their inhibitors in rapidly progressive and in juvenile periodontitis].
72  Holocaust survivors
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
PTSD (3 times)
CES-D (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
2000 Depression in holocaust survivors: profile and treatment outcome in a geriatric day hospital program.
73  hostile sexism
(14 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
BS (10 times)
SDO (2 times)
STMO (2 times)
2000 Beyond prejudice as simple antipathy: hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures.
74  hypertonic solution
(14 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IS (3 times)
NO (2 times)
ACTs (1 time)
1987 Chronotropic and inotropic effects of hyperosmotic solutions on right and left atria isolated from the rat heart.
75  hysteroscopic sterilization
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
LS (4 times)
AUB (2 times)
CPP (2 times)
2007 Pain associated with hysteroscopic sterilization.
76  Hestrin-Schramm
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BC (7 times)
XRD (4 times)
FTIR (3 times)
2008 Spectral assignments and anisotropy data of cellulose I(alpha): 13C-NMR chemical shift data of cellulose I(alpha) determined by INADEQUATE and RAI techniques applied to uniformly 13C-labeled bacterial celluloses of different Gluconacetobacter xylinus strains.
77  human saliva
(13 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AS (4 times)
CM (3 times)
DW (2 times)
2006 Analysis of potential lubricants for in vitro wear testing.
78  hunger sensation
(13 times)
Metabolism
(9 times)
CR (4 times)
OS (4 times)
CHS (2 times)
1995 Chronobiometric identification of disorders of hunger sensation in essential obesity: therapeutic effects of dexfenfluramine.
79  half-sib
(12 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
FS (4 times)
QTL (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1974 Genetic studies in an exotic population of corn (Zea mays L.) grown under two plant densities : II. Choice of a density environment for selection.
80  hard-shelled
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
SL (11 times)
SS (7 times)
AE (1 time)
1975 Influence of hormonal extracts on hens producing eggs with non-calcified or partially calcified shells and factors associated with this condition.
81  HS-142-1
(12 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ANP (10 times)
CHF (3 times)
BNP (2 times)
1993 Role of endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. Effects of a novel nonpeptide antagonist for atrial natriuretic peptide receptor.
82  hydration status
(12 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
BIS (2 times)
ECW (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1998 Down-regulation of negative acute-phase response genes by hypotonic stress in HepG2 hepatoma cells.
83  hyposensitization
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
HDM (5 times)
IAR (3 times)
LAR (3 times)
1980 Hyposensitization in childhood hay fever. A comparison of refined and whole timothy extracts.
84  health surveillance
(11 times)
Occupational Medicine
(6 times)
OI (2 times)
BEM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1986 Definitions of monitoring activities and their relevance for the practice of occupational health.
85  health system
(11 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
LMICs (2 times)
NTP (2 times)
TB (2 times)
2011 Consulting private health care providers aggravates treatment delay in urban South African tuberculosis patients.
86  healthy skin
(11 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
HC (2 times)
OI (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2008 Laser Doppler scanning study of axillary skin before and after liposuction curettage in patients with focal hyperhidrosis.
87  hemifacial spasm
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MVD (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
REZ (2 times)
1992 Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography in hemifacial spasm.
88  hemodynamically significant
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
PDA (8 times)
BPD (2 times)
EPT (2 times)
1985 The asymptomatic carotid bruit.
89  hempseed
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HO (6 times)
ALA (2 times)
DHA (2 times)
2012 Effect of feeding hemp seed and hemp seed oil on laying hen performance and egg yolk fatty acid content: evidence of their safety and efficacy for laying hen diets.
90  hydrazine sulfate
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CAP (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BDP (1 time)
1975 Profiles of protein biosynthesis (INH) and hydrazine sulfate (HS) treated mice.
91  hypospermatogenesis
(11 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
NOA (9 times)
MA (6 times)
SCO (5 times)
2008 [Sperm retrieval and the predictive parameter of non-obstructive azoospermia: a meta-analysis of literatures 1990 to 2008].
92  headspace sampling
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
PTV (4 times)
GC (2 times)
GC-MS (2 times)
2004 Characterisation of different clones of Picea abies (L.) Karst using head-space sampling of cortical tissues combined with enantioselective capillary gas chromatography for the separation of chiral and non-chiral monoterpenes.
93  hindlimb suspended
(10 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
BMD (1 time)
CON (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
1990 Influence of 7 days of hindlimb suspension and intermittent weight support on rat muscle mechanical properties.
94  Hirshfeld surface
(10 times)
Crystallography
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
2013 Near-infrared pigments based on ion-pair charge transfer salts of dicationic and dianionic metal-dithiolene [M(II) = Pd, Pt] complexes.
95  homicide-suicide
(10 times)
Jurisprudence
(6 times)
HS-IP (1 time)
1989 Homicide-suicide and chronic pain.
96  habitat suitability
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AVHRR (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAIA (1 time)
2001 Climate warming and changes in habitat suitability for Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Central America.
97  haemorrhagic shock/resuscitation
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
Sham (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
2005 Therapeutic effect of cisapride on gastric injury following hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in rats.
98  hamstring tendon
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ACL (6 times)
PT (3 times)
AP (2 times)
2002 Current Australian trends in rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
99  hard segments
(9 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
SS (5 times)
PUs (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
2005 Structure and relaxation dynamics of poly(amide urethane)s with bioactive transition metal acetyl acetonates in hard blocks.
100  heat storage
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HR (5 times)
CORE (2 times)
PRL (2 times)
1995 Physiological responses during shipboard firefighting.