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Abbreviation: HSD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
(235 times)
Endocrinology
(62 times)
AR (9 times)
DHEA (9 times)
DHT (9 times)
1973 The reversibility of the effects of hypoxia on hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) activity in placental villi maintained in organ culture.
honestly significant difference
(218 times)
Dentistry
(96 times)
ANOVA (76 times)
SEM (10 times)
SBS (8 times)
1984 A software package for the calculation and statistical analysis of 51Cr-release assays.
hypertonic saline dextran
(76 times)
Traumatology
(18 times)
LR (13 times)
HS (8 times)
MAP (7 times)
1989 The benefits of 7.5% NaCl/6% dextran 70 (HSD) for prehospital resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock: improved oxygen transport.
high-salt diet
(55 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
NSD (13 times)
LSD (7 times)
BP (5 times)
1997 Effect of long-term blood pressure control on salt sensitivity.
high-sucrose diet
(42 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
HFD (7 times)
CD (4 times)
IR (4 times)
1986 Effect of ingested winged bean lectin on gastrointestinal function in the rat.
Hallervorden-Spatz disease
(35 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
MRI (7 times)
PKAN (3 times)
INAD (2 times)
1985 MR imaging of Hallervorden-Spatz disease.
hypoactive sexual desire
(19 times)
Urology
(12 times)
ED (8 times)
SIEDY (4 times)
DE (2 times)
1988 Pituitary-gonadal function during sleep in men with hypoactive sexual desire and in normal controls.
high-sugar diet
(14 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HFD (4 times)
T2D (4 times)
IR (3 times)
2014 Endurance training increases leptin expression in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue of rats fed with a high-sugar diet.
homoserine dehydrogenase
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AK (4 times)
AHAS (1 time)
Ala (1 time)
1993 Concerted regulation of lysine and threonine synthesis in tobacco plants expressing bacterial feedback-insensitive aspartate kinase and dihydrodipicolinate synthase.
10  Harlan Sprague-Dawley
(12 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
NTP (3 times)
AHH (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1990 Evaluation of the 4S polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon binding protein in the Harlan Sprague-Dawley rat.
11  high-sodium diet
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
NSD (6 times)
LSD (5 times)
PRA (3 times)
1990 Serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity and plasma renin activity in experimental models of rats.
12  Health Search Database
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
COPD (4 times)
GPs (2 times)
ADs (1 time)
2001 [Personal identifiability in the Health Sector Database.].
13  Health Search IMS Health Longitudinal Patient Database
(10 times)
Drugs, Investigational
(2 times)
GPs (2 times)
CPA/EE (1 time)
CSU (1 time)
2012 Assessing 5-year incidence rates and determinants of osteoporotic fractures in primary care.
14  high stocking density
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
LSD (4 times)
NSD (4 times)
aa (1 time)
1990 High dietary niacinamide and performance of male poults at 16 weeks of age.
15  high-sucrose, low-copper diet
(8 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
CDs (5 times)
RD (4 times)
CDr (3 times)
2006 Alterations in the expression of antioxidant genes and the levels of transcription factor NF-kappa B in relation to diabetic embryopathy in the Cohen diabetic rat model.
16  hemodynamic shearing device
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
DTE (3 times)
MHV (2 times)
PAS (2 times)
2008 Platelet activation due to hemodynamic shear stresses: damage accumulation model and comparison to in vitro measurements.
17  homosynaptic depression
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ASR (1 time)
P-LTF (1 time)
PA-LTF (1 time)
1996 Development of short-term heterosynaptic facilitation at aplysia sensorimotor synapses in vitro is accompanied by changes in the functional expression of presynaptic serotonin receptors.
18  health system delay
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
TB (5 times)
IQR (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2005 Determinants of health system delay among confirmed tuberculosis cases in Spain.
19  head-symphysis distance
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
AoP (4 times)
ICC (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2013 Fetal head-symphysis distance: a simple and reliable ultrasound index of fetal head station in labor.
20  helical scaffold domain
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HWD (2 times)
ATPgammaS (1 time)
MPB (1 time)
2006 A novel dimer interface and conformational changes revealed by an X-ray structure of B. subtilis SecA.
21  heterospecies dimer
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
hCG (3 times)
LHRH (2 times)
alpha-oLH (1 time)
1988 An improved immunogen for anti-human chorionic gonadotropin vaccine eliciting antibodies reactive with a conformation native to the hormone without cross-reaction with human follicle stimulating hormone and human thyroid stimulating hormone.
22  hippocampal sclerosis dementia
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FTD (4 times)
AD (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
1996 Lack of association of the apoE4 allele with hippocampal sclerosis dementia.
23  hypertonic saline-dextran solution
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BBI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1991 Dose response characteristics of hypertonic saline dextran solutions.
24  hypoxia-induced spreading depression
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SH (2 times)
FAD (1 time)
MeCP2 (1 time)
2005 Sulfhydryl oxidation reduces hippocampal susceptibility to hypoxia-induced spreading depression by activating BK channels.
25  habitual sleep duration
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
HSV (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
OSD (1 time)
2014 Suicidal ideation in veterans misusing alcohol: relationships with insomnia symptoms and sleep duration.
26  high-speed distance
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
sRPE (2 times)
TL (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2016 The Integration of Internal and External Training Load Metrics in Hurling.
27  hypermobility spectrum disorders
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
hEDS (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
EDS (2 times)
2018 Dermal fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition sustained by alphavss3 integrin-ILK-Snail1/Slug signaling is a common feature for hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and hypermobility spectrum disorders.
28  Hamilton Scale for Depression
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MMSE (3 times)
PD (2 times)
PDRS (2 times)
1994 Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale characteristics and structure. The Cooperative Multicentric Group.
29  high speed drying
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CPCs (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
2012 Antibacterial effect of citrus press-cakes dried by high speed and far-infrared radiation drying methods.
30  high-starch diet
(3 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
DEMs (1 time)
LoSD (1 time)
2013 Preliminary insights into the impact of dietary starch on the ciliate, Neobalantidium coli, in captive chimpanzees.
31  hue-saturation-density
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Cm (1 time)
HSI (1 time)
Re (1 time)
2000 Hue-saturation-density (HSD) model for stain recognition in digital images from transmitted light microscopy.
32  hyperspectral data
(3 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
HSI (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2012 A possible melanoma discrimination index based on hyperspectral data: a pilot study.
33  hypertrophic sinus disease
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AFS (3 times)
ABPA (1 time)
EMRS (1 time)
2004 Allergic fungal sinusitis: pathogenesis and management strategies.
34  hypoxic SD-like depolarization
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
ISV (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1994 Interstitial volume changes during spreading depression (SD) and SD-like hypoxic depolarization in hippocampal tissue slices.
35  hypoxic spreading depression
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
OGD (2 times)
GLT-1 (1 time)
mPTP (1 time)
2007 Neuroprotective potential of ceftriaxone in in vitro models of stroke.
36  hairy shaker disease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MDV (1 time)
1984 A survey of hairy shaker disease (border disease, hypomyelinogenesis congenita) in sheep.
37  Hausdorff surface distance
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DSC (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
MSD (1 time)
2013 Tissue segmentation of head and neck CT images for treatment planning: a multiatlas approach combined with intensity modeling.
38  Health Search/Thales Database
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ASCOT-LLA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and antihyperglycemic prescribing trends for patients with type 2 diabetes in Italy: a 4-year retrospective study from national primary care data.
39  health service district
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1987 Financing medical care for the underserved in an era of Federal retrenchment: the health service district.
40  Healthy School and Drugs
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2015 Substance use outcomes in the Healthy School and Drugs program: results from a latent growth curve approach.
41  heated soya-bean diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RSD (1 time)
TI (1 time)
1978 The level and origin of amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in the digestive tract of chicks receiving trypsin inhibitors in their diet.
42  Helminth secretome database
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
2012 Helminth secretome database (HSD): a collection of helminth excretory/secretory proteins predicted from expressed sequence tags (ESTs).
43  hepatic sinusoidal dilatation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PH (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2004 Association of idiopathic hepatic sinusoidal dilatation with the immunological features of the antiphospholipid syndrome.
44  herring sperm DNA
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BMHB (1 time)
GO (1 time)
IFOs (1 time)
2016 Supermolecules of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) complexating Herring sperm DNA with bio-multiple hydrogen bonding.
45  hesperidin
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
Hst (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2016 PASS assisted prediction and pharmacological evaluation of hesperidin against scopolamine induced amnesia in mice.
46  hexahydrosiladiphenidol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
4-DAMP (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
1989 Functional and binding studies with muscarinic M2-subtype selective antagonists.
47  high-sodium DASH diet
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BP (2 times)
SS (2 times)
DASH (1 time)
2011 Characteristics of sodium sensitivity in Korean populations.
48  highest scoring drug
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
FQHC (1 time)
LAC (1 time)
QUIT (1 time)
2015 Project QUIT (Quit Using Drugs Intervention Trial): a randomized controlled trial of a primary care-based multi-component brief intervention to reduce risky drug use.
49  Hill-Sachs defects
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ROM (2 times)
BR (1 time)
BRR (1 time)
2012 Moderate to large engaging Hill-Sachs defects: an invitro biomechanical comparison of the remplissage procedure, allograft humeral head reconstruction, and partial resurfacing arthroplasty.
50  Hirschsprung's disease
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
NICE (1 time)
2007 Midgut malrotation and associated Hirschsprung's disease: a diagnostic dilemma.
51  HIV-associated salivary gland disease
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2016 A Case of HIV-associated Salivary Gland Disease (HSD) Presenting with Bilateral Parotid Abscesses.
52  homogeneous solid dispersion
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CSAC (1 time)
OPF (1 time)
2019 Homogeneous solid dispersion (HSD) system for rapid and stable production of succinic acid from lignocellulosic hydrolysate.
53  Huggins-Sun-Davis
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OCs (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of optical glass composition by optimization methods.
54  hypertonic saline 75 mg.ml-1 in dextran 70, 60 mg.ml-1
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
COPi (1 time)
HR (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1998 Hypertonic saline and dextran in normovolaemic and hypovolaemic healthy volunteers increases interstitial and intravascular fluid volumes.
55  hypoxia-induced spreading depression-like depolarization
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IOS (1 time)
NTS (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1994 Mild acidosis delays hypoxic spreading depression and improves neuronal recovery in hippocampal slices.
56  subdural haematoma
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2000 How should we manage children after mild head injury?
57  11beta-hydroxysteroid
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2003 Gestation-related and betamethasone-induced changes in 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 in the baboon placenta.
58  ACLR-hip strength deficit
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
KT (1 time)
LSI (1 time)
2017 Short-Term Effects of the Kinesio Taping on Early Postoperative Hip Muscle Weakness in Male Patients With Hamstring Autograft or Allograft Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
59  beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase coupled with delta 5-delta 4-isomerase
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
1983 [Viability of human chorionic villi in organ culture].
60  haematological systemic disorders
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1983 Improvement of bone scintigraphy by quantitative evaluation compared with X-ray studies and iliac crest biopsy in malignant disease.
61  half step-down
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
GM (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2017 The Biomechanical Demands on the Hip During Progressive Stepping Tasks.
62  half-standard dosing
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Ustekinumab in adolescent patients age 12 to 17 years with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis: results of the randomized phase 3 CADMUS study.
63  hand symptom diagram
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
1999 Symptoms of 100 patients with electromyographically verified carpal tunnel syndrome.
64  handgrip strength decline
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CLD (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2019 Prediction of risk of falls based on handgrip strength in chronic liver disease patients living independently.
65  Hannover, Sprague-Dawley
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HSD rats (1 time)
2001 Regional haemodynamic responses to the cannabinoid agonist, WIN 55212-2, in conscious, normotensive rats, and in hypertensive, transgenic rats.
66  head size dimorphism
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2017 Ecological and biological studies on five-lined skink, Trachylepis (= Mabuya) quinquetaeniata inhabiting two different habitats in Egypt.
67  head-slaved display
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Effects of head-slaved and peripheral displays on lane-keeping performance and spatial orientation.
68  Health Search Database/Thales
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
APDs (1 time)
ERD (1 time)
GePaRD (1 time)
2016 Prescribing pattern of antipsychotic drugs during the years 1996-2010: a population-based database study in Europe with a focus on torsadogenic drugs.
69  Health Search/CSD Patient Database
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
2014 Validation study in four health-care databases: upper gastrointestinal bleeding misclassification affects precision but not magnitude of drug-related upper gastrointestinal bleeding risk.
70  health service deficits
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
BRFSS (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2017 A Population-Based, Cross-Sectional Study Examining Health Services Deficits of US Veterans Using 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data: Is Rural Residency an Independent Risk Factor after Controlling for Multiple Covariates?
71  health service delay
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
PD (1 time)
TDD (1 time)
2007 Variables associated with diagnostic delay in immigrant groups with tuberculosis in Madrid.
72  health services delivery
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2006 Re-examining the paradox of structure: a child health network perspective.
73  healthy and sustainable diets
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2015 Formulating policy activities to promote healthy and sustainable diets.
74  healthy, non-dependent social drinkers
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
CASE (1 time)
2013 Modeling alcohol self-administration in the human laboratory.
75  hearing standard deviations
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1998 A new autosomal-dominant locus (DFNA12) is responsible for a nonsyndromic, midfrequency, prelingual and nonprogressive sensorineural hearing loss.
76  heat stress disorders
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
ICHD-II (1 time)
NDPH (1 time)
2009 Heat stress disorders and headache: a case of new daily persistent headache secondary to heat stroke.
77  heat-shocked digester
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
VFA (1 time)
2001 Biohydrogen generation by mesophilic anaerobic fermentation of microcrystalline cellulose.
78  heated defatted ground soybeans
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1978 Changes in rat pancreatic protein synthesis after a single feeding with diets containing raw or heated soybeans.
79  heavy snorers' disease
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Prevalence of every night snoring and obstructive sleep apnoeas among 30-69-year-old men in Bologna, Italy.
80  heavy social drinkers
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
GGT (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
MCV (1 time)
1991 The effects of alcohol on learning as a function of drinking habits.
81  heavy-smoking donors
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
UNOS (1 time)
2013 Double-lung transplantation can be safely performed using donors with heavy smoking history.
82  height standard deviation scores
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMISD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
GVSD (1 time)
2004 Relation between serum Insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 levels, clinical status and growth parameters in prepubertal cystic fibrosis patients.
83  Heishiding Mountain in the subtropical zone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
2018 Spatial distribution patterns and associations of typical tree species in different regions.
84  hemifield standard deviation
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
GHT (1 time)
HMD (1 time)
2015 New superior-inferior visual field asymmetry indices for detecting POAG and their agreement with the glaucoma hemifield test.
85  hemodialysis session duration
(1 time)
UFR (1 time)
2018 Hemodialysis Session Duration, Ultrafiltration Rate, Interdialytic Weight Gain and their Association with Albumin in Patients on Intermittent Hemodialysis in a Regional Dialysis Unit: A Cross-sectional Study.
86  hereditary spastic paraplegia
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
BPAD (1 time)
2008 Hereditary spastic paraplegia, bipolar affective disorder and intellectual disability: a case report.
87  high salt diet increased mean arterial pressure in every S
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
Rapp (1 time)
1996 Genetic characterization of the "new" Harlan Sprague Dawley Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
88  high salt food
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2014 Salt appetite is reduced by a single experience of drinking hypertonic saline in the adult rat.
89  high screw density
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2014 Posterior-only correction of Scheuermann kyphosis using pedicle screws: economical optimization through screw density reduction.
90  high SD
(1 time)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2012 The relationships between preoperative sexual desire and quality of life following radical prostatectomy: a 5-year follow-up study.
91  high selenium diet
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ISD (1 time)
TNBS (1 time)
2007 High selenium diet protects against TNBS-induced acute inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and secondary necrosis in rat colon.
92  high sexual desire
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
HYP (1 time)
2016 Is High Sexual Desire a Risk for Women's Relationship and Sexual Well-Being?
93  high sexual desire group
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
HYP (1 time)
2016 Is High Sexual Desire a Facet of Male Hypersexuality? Results from an Online Study.
94  high shear dispersion
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Dac (1 time)
NLC (1 time)
2016 Encapsulation of Cancer Therapeutic Agent Dacarbazine Using Nanostructured Lipid Carrier.
95  high simvastatin diet
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
2012 Impact of oral simvastatin therapy on acute lung injury in mice during pneumococcal pneumonia.
96  high sulfur diesel
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ULSD (1 time)
2013 Impact of organosulfur content on diesel fuel stability and implications for carbon steel corrosion.
97  high-salt diet group
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2012 Increase in body Na+/water ratio is associated with cerebral aneurysm formation in oophorectomized rats.
98  high-scoring depressives
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
S-SAD (1 time)
SAD (1 time)
2009 Prevalence of self-reported seasonal affective disorders and the validity of the seasonal pattern assessment questionnaire in young adults Findings from a Swiss community study.
99  high-speed running distance
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
iSPT (1 time)
NMT (1 time)
2014 The reliability and validity of a soccer-specific nonmotorised treadmill simulation (intermittent soccer performance test).
100  high-strip-density
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
1983 Physical and clinical evaluation of new high-strip-density radiographic grids.