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Abbreviation: HY
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Long forms: 136

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Hoehn and Yahr
(120 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
PD (104 times)
UPDRS (36 times)
MMSE (14 times)
1991 Selegiline in de novo parkinsonian patients: the French selegiline multicenter trial (FSMT).
hypericin
(51 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PDT (17 times)
PS (8 times)
NMP (5 times)
1992 Photosensitization of aqueous model systems by hypericin.
histocompatibility
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
RM (3 times)
SRM (3 times)
HLA (2 times)
1977 Clinical, pathologic, and genetic findings in a case of 46,XY pure gonadal dysgenesis (Swyer's syndrome). II. Presence of H-Y antigen.
Hoehn and Yahr scale
(30 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PD (26 times)
MMSE (13 times)
UPDRS (11 times)
2003 Depression in Parkinson's disease: clinical correlates and outcome.
hypothalamus
(26 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
HI (8 times)
DA (7 times)
FC (6 times)
1982 Regional brain levels of monoamines in alcohol-preferring and -nonpreferring lines of rats.
hyaluronan
(25 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
rhBMP-2 (4 times)
BMP-2 (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1992 Hyaluronan solution as a cartilage antidesiccant.
hydrophobic
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
HBA (12 times)
HBD (11 times)
RA (9 times)
2002 Pharmacophore mapping of a series of 2,4-diamino-5-deazapteridine inhibitors of Mycobacterium avium complex dihydrofolate reductase.
hydrogen yield
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
HPR (8 times)
HRT (3 times)
HRTs (2 times)
2013 Optimization of continuous hydrogen production from co-fermenting molasses with liquid swine manure in an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor.
hyper
(14 times)
Virology
(9 times)
DY (12 times)
TME (12 times)
Sc (10 times)
1992 Biochemical and physical properties of the prion protein from two strains of the transmissible mink encephalopathy agent.
10  hatch-year
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AHY (6 times)
AIV (1 time)
ALAD (1 time)
1996 Organochlorine pesticide contamination in neotropical migrant passerines.
11  healthy young
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
HE (6 times)
FR (3 times)
SD (3 times)
2007 Understanding ageing effects by approximate entropy analysis of gait variability.
12  high-yawning
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
LY (7 times)
BN (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1990 Genotypic dependency of spontaneous yawning frequency in the rat.
13  hypoxia
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NM (2 times)
AI (1 time)
BLa (1 time)
1990 Effects of acute hypoxia on cardiopulmonary responses to head-down tilt.
14  high-yield
(6 times)
Science
(1 time)
LY (5 times)
DEGs (2 times)
BHBA (1 time)
2008 Assessment of dioxin and dioxin-like compounds in mainstream smoke from selected US cigarette brands and reference cigarettes.
15  hyaluronic acid
(6 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CS-A (2 times)
DS (2 times)
GAGs (2 times)
1995 Glycosaminoglycans in urine and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
16  Hatha yoga
(5 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
ASE (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BPd (1 time)
2009 Cardiovascular and metabolic effects of intensive Hatha Yoga training in middle-aged and older women from northern Mexico.
17  hybrid
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
iAs (2 times)
SBAE (2 times)
AAS-GH (1 time)
2001 Human IFN-alpha protein engineering: the amino acid residues at positions 86 and 90 are important for antiproliferative activity.
18  hyperoside
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
MAPK (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2017 Simultaneous separation and purification of chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, hyperoside and phlorizin from thinned young Qinguan apples by successive use of polyethylene and polyamide resins.
19  hypohydrated
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EU (5 times)
CVC (1 time)
LSR (1 time)
1997 Thermal and circulatory responses during exercise: effects of hypohydration, dehydration, and water intake.
20  hypohydration
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
EU (5 times)
BF (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1991 Hypohydration does not impair skeletal muscle glycogen resynthesis after exercise.
21  hypothyroid
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EU (5 times)
EDL (2 times)
HT (2 times)
2007 Dual role of thyroid hormones in rat soleus muscle MyHC isoform expression.
22  hyaluronidase
(4 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
DY (1 time)
1986 The co-operative action of hyaluronidase and urokinase on the isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats.
23  hydroxyurea
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
BU (2 times)
CMML (2 times)
IFN-alpha (2 times)
1996 Abberant cytogenetic evolution pattern of Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia treated with interferon-alpha.
24  Hoehn and Yahr Staging Scale
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
BBS (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2009 Validation of the Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale for patients with Parkinson's disease.
25  homeless youth
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
IPV (1 time)
2009 The initiation of homeless youth into the street economy.
26  hyperthermia
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
IL-2 (1 time)
NK (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1993 Kidney trace metal response to combined cisplatin (CDDP) and hyperthermia.
27  hysteroscopy
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
TVS (3 times)
HSE (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2002 Reproducibility of evaluation of the uterus by transvaginal sonography, hysterosonographic examination, hysteroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging.
28  3-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-(4-tolyl)-4-pyridone
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
HX (1 time)
1991 Extraction and complex formation of niobium(V) with 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-(4-tolyl)-4-pyridone.
29  haylage
(2 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
CN (2 times)
DG (2 times)
DNMTs (1 time)
2013 Maternal Diet during Pregnancy Induces Gene Expression and DNA Methylation Changes in Fetal Tissues in Sheep.
30  headache yesterday
(2 times)
Headache
(2 times)
DWs (1 time)
MOH (1 time)
pMOH (1 time)
2016 Headache yesterday in Karnataka state, India: prevalence, impact and cost.
31  heat-treated yogurt
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
2001 Portal absorption of 15N and amino nitrogen in the growing pig after ingestion of labelled milk, yogurt or heat-treated yogurt.
32  herd-year
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
ADGadj (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2013 Comparison between sire-maternal grandsire and animal models for genetic evaluation of longevity in a dairy cattle population with small herds.
33  high-yielding
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BHBA (1 time)
J/M (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2014 A comparison of the concentrations of energy-balance-related variables in jugular and mammary vein blood of dairy cows with different milk yield.
34  Hoehn-Yahr stage
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
CR (1 time)
HRSD (1 time)
2000 Cognitive and motor function in patients with Parkinson's disease with and without depression.
35  hydrogenation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
TOF (1 time)
2009 Highly productive CNN pincer ruthenium catalysts for the asymmetric reduction of alkyl aryl ketones.
36  hydrolyzed yeast
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
DPVC (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2011 Effects of hydrolyzed yeast supplementation in calf starter on immune responses to vaccine challenge in neonatal calves.
37  Hydrophobe
(2 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
GH (1 time)
GSK-3 (1 time)
2018 In-Silico Screening of Ligand Based Pharmacophore, Database Mining and Molecular Docking on 2, 5-Diaminopyrimidines Azapurines as Potential Inhibitors of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3beta.
38  hydrophobic feature
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HBA (2 times)
DS (1 time)
HBD (1 time)
2008 Strategies for generating less toxic P-selectin inhibitors: pharmacophore modeling, virtual screening and counter pharmacophore screening to remove toxic hits.
39  hydrophobic point
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FTase (1 time)
FTIs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2007 Pharmacophore mapping of diverse classes of farnesyltransferase inhibitors.
40  hydroxylimine
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMP (2 times)
EPH (2 times)
KET (2 times)
2017 Drugs of abuse and their metabolites in the urban rivers of Beijing, China: Occurrence, distribution, and potential environmental risk.
41  hyperglycemic clamp
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CIG (1 time)
EU (1 time)
1993 Proinsulin and insulin concentrations following intravenous glucose challenges in normal, obese, and non-insulin-dependent diabetic subjects.
42  hypocaloric
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
ST (2 times)
1991 Age-related ability of rats kept on a life-long hypocaloric diet in a spatial memory test. Longitudinal observations.
43  hypothyroidism
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
HS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1987 Sensitivity to radiation of human normal, hyperthyroid, and neoplastic thyroid epithelial cells in primary culture.
44  21-hydroxylase
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1987 Modification of steroidogenesis in rat adrenocortical cells transformed by Kirsten murine sarcoma virus.
45  25-Hydroxycycloart-23-en-3-one
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
AR (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2016 Moracin C, A Phenolic Compound Isolated from Artocarpus heterophyllus, Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-Activated Inflammatory Responses in Murine Raw264.7 Macrophages.
46  4-hydroxyacetophenone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
47  Haiyan
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
2013 Anaerobic transformation of DDT related to iron(III) reduction and microbial community structure in paddy soils.
48  ham yield
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
IMF (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2013 Prediction of carcass composition, ham and foreleg weights, and lean meat yields of Iberian pigs using ultrasound measurements in live animals.
49  Hampshire Yorkshire
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
GM (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2003 Sensory quality and the incidence of PSE of pork in relation to crossbreed and RN phenotype.
50  hatching year
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EEEV (1 time)
1994 Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in relation to the avian community of a coastal cedar swamp.
51  Hatyai
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
BL (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
2018 Reduction by enhanced coagulation of dissolved organic nitrogen as a precursor of N-nitrosodimethylamine.
52  hay:concentrate
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Plasma ghrelin concentrations of beef cattle consuming a similar amount of dietary energy supplied by different ingredients.
53  healthy control subjects
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
TMS (1 time)
2012 Validity of the finger tapping test in Parkinson's disease, elderly and young healthy subjects: is there a role for central fatigue?
54  healthy controls
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
HE (1 time)
IL-22 (1 time)
2018 Accumulation of T-helper 22 cells, interleukin-22 and myeloid-derived suppressor cells promotes gastric cancer progression in elderly patients.
55  healthy females
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Plasma amino acid profiles of breast cancer patients early in the trajectory of the disease differ from healthy comparison groups.
56  healthy persons
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
COM (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2018 Low intensity vibration of ankle muscles improves balance in elderly persons at high risk of falling.
57  healthy years
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1998 On the measurement of the nation's equity adjusted health.
58  healthy young individuals
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CAVI (1 time)
cfPWV (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2014 Diurnal variation of arterial stiffness in healthy individuals of different ages and patients with heart disease.
59  healthy young men
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GIR (1 time)
1998 The effect of low intensity bicycle exercise on the insulin-induced glucose uptake in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.
60  Heiye
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
FZX (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
2013 Patterns of enzyme activities and gene expressions in sucrose metabolism in relation to sugar accumulation and composition in the aril of Litchi chinensis Sonn.
61  Hetero-yellow
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
OM (1 time)
1985 Effect of sorghum grain variety and reconstitution on site and extent of starch and protein digestion in steers.
62  heterosexual youth
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SMY (1 time)
SO/GID (1 time)
2016 Effects of Victimization and Violence on Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors Among Sexual Minority and Heterosexual Adolescents.
63  heterozygous for the histidine variant
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CFH (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2007 Relationship between age-related macular degeneration-associated variants of complement factor H and LOC387715 with coronary artery disease.
64  high spontaneous yawing frequency
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
HYC (1 time)
HYNC (1 time)
2010 Behavioral characterization of non-copulating male rats with high spontaneous yawning frequency rate.
65  high yeast
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
EE (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2018 Effects of a live yeast in natural-program finishing feedlot diets on growth performance, digestibility, carcass characteristics, and feeding behavior.
66  high-oil-yielding
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LY (1 time)
2013 Proteomic analysis of the oil palm fruit mesocarp reveals elevated oxidative phosphorylation activity is critical for increased storage oil production.
67  high-yawning frequency
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2015 Central administration of oxytocin differentially increases yawning, penile erections and scratching in high- (HY) and low-yawning (LY) sublines of Sprague-Dawley rats.
68  histidine-tyrosine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAMDI-MS (1 time)
2019 Using Peptide Arrays To Discover the Sequence-Specific Acetylation of the Histidine-Tyrosine Dyad.
69  Histocompatibility antigens
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
2014 HY immune tolerance is common in women without male offspring.
70  histoplasmal yeast
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IMMY (1 time)
1991 Variability in commercial histoplasma complement fixation antigens.
71  Hoehn and Yahr Classification
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
UDS (1 time)
UPDRS (1 time)
2000 Parkinson's disease: quantification of disability based on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale.
72  Hoengseong Yakdak
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
dead (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2018 Morphological defects of sperm and their association with motility, fertility, and hatchability in four Korean native chicken breeds.
73  Hongyang
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
hai (1 time)
HT (1 time)
Psa (1 time)
2019 Comparative transcriptome analysis of resistant and susceptible kiwifruits in response to Pseudomonas syringae pv. Actinidiae during early infection.
74  HospitalitY
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2019 Peer support and skills training through an eating club for people with psychotic disorders: A feasibility study.
75  HS followed by YF
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FCR (1 time)
HS (1 time)
LBiW (1 time)
2014 High specification starter diets improve the performance of low birth weight pigs to 10 weeks of age.
76  HuangYu
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BY (1 time)
HH (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
2017 Study on differentiation during embryonic development across selective and ancestral breeds.
77  Hunan yellow pigs
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DRF (1 time)
2004 [Genetic linkage between Atrn gene and microsatellite markers and the effects to some economic traits in pigs].
78  Hwa-Young
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
MS (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2013 Flavonoids from the grains of C1/R-S transgenic rice, the transgenic Oryza sativa spp. japonica, and their radical scavenging activities.
79  HY and HE individuals
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
OA (1 time)
PC-MRI (1 time)
2013 Blood flow of ophthalmic artery in healthy individuals determined by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging.
80  HY Bond Temporary Cement Hard
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
FT (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2012 Influence of temporary cement contamination on the surface free energy and dentine bond strength of self-adhesive cements.
81  HY in clusters Rgn
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DIIS (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
2001 Formation of novel rare-gas-containing molecules by molecular photodissociation in clusters.
82  HY-MWCNTs
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
Col I (1 time)
2017 Enhancement of Bone Healing by Local Administration of Carbon Nanotubes Functionalized with Sodium Hyaluronate in Rat Tibiae.
83  hyalinocytes
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2010 Study on immune regulation in Hyriopsis cumingii Lea: effect of pearl-nucleus insertion in the visceral mass on immune factors present in the hemolymph.
84  hyaluronate solution
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
1999 The effect of alginate and hyaluronate on the viability and function of immunoisolated neonatal rat islets.
85  hyaluronatlyase
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
GAS (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1996 Occurrence of extracellular hyaluronic acid and hyaluronatlyase in streptococci of groups A, B, C, and G.
86  hyaluronic acid polymer
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
2005 Bone regeneration in the rat mandible with bone morphogenetic protein-2: a comparison of two carriers.
87  hybrid biofilm-activated sludge reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TN (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2013 Characterization of microbial community structure in a hybrid biofilm-activated sludge reactor for simultaneous nitrogen and phosphorus removal.
88  Hybrid Coat
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AEB (1 time)
BF (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
2012 Effect of adhesive system and application strategy on reduction of dentin permeability.
89  hybrid therapy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ST (1 time)
2018 First-line Helicobacter pylori eradication therapies in countries with high and low clarithromycin resistance: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
90  hybrid X Large White
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DU (1 time)
PDO (1 time)
SNVs (1 time)
2015 Exome Capture with Heterologous Enrichment in Pig (Sus scrofa).
91  hybridoma cells
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2019 ENGINEERED ALGINATE MICROCAPSULES FOR MOLECULAR THERAPY TROUGH BIOLOGIC SECRETING CELLS.
92  HYCO
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Matrix isolation infrared spectroscopic and density functional theory studies on the reactions of yttrium and lanthanum hydrides with carbon monoxide.
93  hydrated
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
DHY (2 times)
BM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2011 Examining the influence of hydration status on physiological responses and running speed during trail running in the heat with controlled exercise intensity.
94  hydrated state
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
2000 Effect of mild dehydration on the lactate threshold in women.
95  hydrated with passive rest
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DY (1 time)
2016 Reduction in body temperature using hand cooling versus passive rest after exercise in the heat.
96  hydraulic resistance
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
RM (1 time)
1990 Role of concentric force in limiting improvement in muscular strength.
97  hydrocephalus
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2015 Hydrocephalus and hypothalamic involvement in pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma or cysts of Rathke's pouch: impact on long-term prognosis.
98  hydrochar yield
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
HTC (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2017 Hydrothermal carbonisation of poultry litter: Effects of initial pH on yields and chemical properties of hydrochars.
99  hydrodissection
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HN (1 time)
2003 Randomized, clinical trial of multiquadrant hydrodissection in pediatric cataract surgery.
100  Hydrogen production yield
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
2017 Anaerobic hydrogen production from unhydrolyzed mushroom farm waste by indigenous microbiota.