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Abbreviation: HY
Appearance Frequency: 697 time(s)
Long forms: 159

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Hoehn and Yahr
(162 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
PD (139 times)
UPDRS (50 times)
MMSE (16 times)
1991 Selegiline in de novo parkinsonian patients: the French selegiline multicenter trial (FSMT).
hypericin
(52 times)
Biology
(10 times)
PDT (19 times)
ROS (7 times)
PS (6 times)
1992 Photosensitization of aqueous model systems by hypericin.
Hoehn and Yahr scale
(32 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PD (28 times)
MMSE (10 times)
UPDRS (10 times)
2003 Depression in Parkinson's disease: clinical correlates and outcome.
hypothalamus
(31 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
HI (8 times)
DA (7 times)
BS (6 times)
1982 Regional brain levels of monoamines in alcohol-preferring and -nonpreferring lines of rats.
histocompatibility
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
RM (3 times)
SRM (3 times)
HLA (2 times)
1977 Clinical, pathologic, and genetic findings in a case of 46,XY pure gonadal dysgenesis (Swyer's syndrome). II. Presence of H-Y antigen.
hyaluronan
(28 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
rhBMP-2 (4 times)
BMP-2 (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1992 Hyaluronan solution as a cartilage antidesiccant.
hydrogen yield
(28 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(19 times)
HPR (14 times)
HRT (6 times)
OLR (3 times)
2013 Optimization of continuous hydrogen production from co-fermenting molasses with liquid swine manure in an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor.
hydrophobic
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
HBA (17 times)
HBD (13 times)
RA (10 times)
2002 Pharmacophore mapping of a series of 2,4-diamino-5-deazapteridine inhibitors of Mycobacterium avium complex dihydrofolate reductase.
hyper
(16 times)
Virology
(9 times)
DY (14 times)
TME (12 times)
Sc (10 times)
1992 Biochemical and physical properties of the prion protein from two strains of the transmissible mink encephalopathy agent.
10  healthy young
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
HE (6 times)
HO (4 times)
FR (3 times)
2007 Understanding ageing effects by approximate entropy analysis of gait variability.
11  hypoxia
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
NM (4 times)
IHDA (3 times)
AI (1 time)
1990 Effects of acute hypoxia on cardiopulmonary responses to head-down tilt.
12  hatch-year
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AHY (6 times)
AIV (1 time)
ALAD (1 time)
1996 Organochlorine pesticide contamination in neotropical migrant passerines.
13  high-yawning
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
LY (9 times)
SD (3 times)
BN (1 time)
1990 Genotypic dependency of spontaneous yawning frequency in the rat.
14  high-yield
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LY (7 times)
DEGs (2 times)
BHBA (1 time)
2008 Assessment of dioxin and dioxin-like compounds in mainstream smoke from selected US cigarette brands and reference cigarettes.
15  Hatha yoga
(8 times)
Yoga
(2 times)
ASE (2 times)
AY (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2009 Cardiovascular and metabolic effects of intensive Hatha Yoga training in middle-aged and older women from northern Mexico.
16  hyaluronic acid
(6 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CSA (2 times)
DS (2 times)
GAGs (2 times)
1995 Glycosaminoglycans in urine and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
17  hybrid
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
iAs (2 times)
SBAE (2 times)
AAS-GH (1 time)
2001 Human IFN-alpha protein engineering: the amino acid residues at positions 86 and 90 are important for antiproliferative activity.
18  hydrolyzed yeast
(6 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2012 Effects of hydrolyzed yeast supplementation in calf starter on immune responses to vaccine challenge in neonatal calves.
19  hyperactivity
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
ADHD (3 times)
IM (3 times)
ESEM (2 times)
2012 Correlated trait-correlated method minus one analysis of the convergent and discriminant validities of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire.
20  hypohydrated
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EU (5 times)
CVC (1 time)
LSR (1 time)
1997 Thermal and circulatory responses during exercise: effects of hypohydration, dehydration, and water intake.
21  hypohydration
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
EU (5 times)
BF (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1991 Hypohydration does not impair skeletal muscle glycogen resynthesis after exercise.
22  hypothyroid
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EU (5 times)
EDL (2 times)
HT (2 times)
2008 Dual role of thyroid hormones in rat soleus muscle MyHC isoform expression.
23  Hoehn and Yahr Staging Scale
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (4 times)
BBS (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2009 Validation of the Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale for patients with Parkinson's disease.
24  Hoehn-Yahr stage
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
AP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2001 Cognitive and motor function in patients with Parkinson's disease with and without depression.
25  homeless youth
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
GED (1 time)
IPV (1 time)
2008 The initiation of homeless youth into the street economy.
26  hyaluronidase
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
DY (1 time)
1986 The co-operative action of hyaluronidase and urokinase on the isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats.
27  hydroxyurea
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
Bu (2 times)
CMML (2 times)
IFN-alpha (2 times)
1996 Abberant cytogenetic evolution pattern of Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia treated with interferon-alpha.
28  hyperglycemic clamp
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CIGMA (2 times)
Eu (2 times)
IVGTT (2 times)
1992 A comparison of four methods for assessing in vivo beta-cell function in normal, obese and non-insulin-dependent diabetic man.
29  hyperoside
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2017 Simultaneous separation and purification of chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, hyperoside and phlorizin from thinned young Qinguan apples by successive use of polyethylene and polyamide resins.
30  hysteroscopy
(4 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
TVS (3 times)
GIS (2 times)
HSE (2 times)
2002 Reproducibility of evaluation of the uterus by transvaginal sonography, hysterosonographic examination, hysteroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging.
31  headache yesterday
(3 times)
Headache
(3 times)
DWs (1 time)
GBD (1 time)
MOH (1 time)
2016 Headache yesterday in Karnataka state, India: prevalence, impact and cost.
32  high-yielding
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LY (2 times)
BHBA (1 time)
J/M (1 time)
2013 A comparison of the concentrations of energy-balance-related variables in jugular and mammary vein blood of dairy cows with different milk yield.
33  Hydrophobe
(3 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(2 times)
HBA (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2018 In-Silico Screening of Ligand Based Pharmacophore, Database Mining and Molecular Docking on 2, 5-Diaminopyrimidines Azapurines as Potential Inhibitors of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3beta.
34  hydrophobic features
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
HBA (2 times)
DS (1 time)
HBD (1 time)
2008 Strategies for generating less toxic P-selectin inhibitors: pharmacophore modeling, virtual screening and counter pharmacophore screening to remove toxic hits.
35  hyperthermia
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
IL-2 (1 time)
NK (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1993 Kidney trace metal response to combined cisplatin (CDDP) and hyperthermia.
36  hypotrichosis
(3 times)
Genomics
(2 times)
OMIA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2021 DNA analysis of the Russian populations of Aberdeen Angus, Hereford and Belgian Blue cattle.
37  3-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-(4-tolyl)-4-pyridone
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
HX (1 time)
1991 Extraction and complex formation of niobium(V) with 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-(4-tolyl)-4-pyridone.
38  Haiyan
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
GD (1 time)
HN (1 time)
2013 Anaerobic transformation of DDT related to iron(III) reduction and microbial community structure in paddy soils.
39  haylage
(2 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
CN (2 times)
DG (2 times)
DNMTs (1 time)
2013 Maternal Diet during Pregnancy Induces Gene Expression and DNA Methylation Changes in Fetal Tissues in Sheep.
40  heat-treated yogurt
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
2001 Portal absorption of 15N and amino nitrogen in the growing pig after ingestion of labelled milk, yogurt or heat-treated yogurt.
41  herd-year
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
ADGadj (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2013 Comparison between sire-maternal grandsire and animal models for genetic evaluation of longevity in a dairy cattle population with small herds.
42  high-yawning frequency
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
LY (2 times)
i.c.v (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Central administration of oxytocin differentially increases yawning, penile erections and scratching in high- (HY) and low-yawning (LY) sublines of Sprague-Dawley rats.
43  Hongyang
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Psa (2 times)
ETI (1 time)
hai (1 time)
2019 Comparative transcriptome analysis of resistant and susceptible kiwifruits in response to Pseudomonas syringae pv. Actinidiae during early infection.
44  hydrogenation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
TOF (1 time)
2008 Highly productive CNN pincer ruthenium catalysts for the asymmetric reduction of alkyl aryl ketones.
45  hydronephrosis
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
SFU (1 time)
2014 Fetal hydronephrosis: natural history and risk factors for postnatal surgery.
46  hydroperoxides
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AOPP (2 times)
CAT (2 times)
GPx (2 times)
2016 Oxidative Stress-Related Biomarkers in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses.
47  hydrophobic points
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FTase (1 time)
FTIs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2007 Pharmacophore mapping of diverse classes of farnesyltransferase inhibitors.
48  hydroquinone
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CA (2 times)
CPE (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2013 Stoichiometry and kinetic of the aerobic oxidation of phenolic compounds by activated sludge.
49  hydroxylimine
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMP (2 times)
EPH (2 times)
KET (2 times)
2016 Drugs of abuse and their metabolites in the urban rivers of Beijing, China: Occurrence, distribution, and potential environmental risk.
50  hyperplasia
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
CTRL (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
2004 Apoptotic and growth regulatory genes as mutational targets in mismatch repair deficient endometrioid adenocarcinomas of young patients.
51  hypocaloric
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
ST (2 times)
1991 Age-related ability of rats kept on a life-long hypocaloric diet in a spatial memory test. Longitudinal observations.
52  hypothyroidism
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
HS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1987 Sensitivity to radiation of human normal, hyperthyroid, and neoplastic thyroid epithelial cells in primary culture.
53  21-hydroxylase
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1987 Modification of steroidogenesis in rat adrenocortical cells transformed by Kirsten murine sarcoma virus.
54  25-Hydroxycycloart-23-en-3-one
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
AR (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2016 Moracin C, A Phenolic Compound Isolated from Artocarpus heterophyllus, Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-Activated Inflammatory Responses in Murine Raw264.7 Macrophages.
55  4-hydroxyacetophenone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
56  ham yield
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
IMF (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2013 Prediction of carcass composition, ham and foreleg weights, and lean meat yields of Iberian pigs using ultrasound measurements in live animals.
57  Hampshire Yorkshire
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
GM (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2003 Sensory quality and the incidence of PSE of pork in relation to crossbreed and RN phenotype.
58  hatching year
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
EEEV (1 time)
1994 Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in relation to the avian community of a coastal cedar swamp.
59  Hatha yoga-based
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
HRF (1 time)
HYG (1 time)
2020 The effects of a 6-month moderate-intensity Hatha yoga-based training program on health-related fitness in middle-aged sedentary women: a randomized controlled study.
60  Hatyai
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
BL (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
2018 Reduction by enhanced coagulation of dissolved organic nitrogen as a precursor of N-nitrosodimethylamine.
61  hay:concentrate
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Plasma ghrelin concentrations of beef cattle consuming a similar amount of dietary energy supplied by different ingredients.
62  healthy control subjects
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
TMS (1 time)
2012 Validity of the finger tapping test in Parkinson's disease, elderly and young healthy subjects: is there a role for central fatigue?
63  healthy controls
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
HE (1 time)
IL-22 (1 time)
2018 Accumulation of T-helper 22 cells, interleukin-22 and myeloid-derived suppressor cells promotes gastric cancer progression in elderly patients.
64  healthy eyes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
OCTA (1 time)
POAG (1 time)
2020 Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Uveitic Glaucoma - A Pilot Study.
65  healthy females
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Plasma amino acid profiles of breast cancer patients early in the trajectory of the disease differ from healthy comparison groups.
66  healthy persons
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
COM (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2018 Low intensity vibration of ankle muscles improves balance in elderly persons at high risk of falling.
67  healthy years
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1998 On the measurement of the nation's equity adjusted health.
68  healthy young individuals
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CAVI (1 time)
cfPWV (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2013 Diurnal variation of arterial stiffness in healthy individuals of different ages and patients with heart disease.
69  healthy young men
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GIR (1 time)
1998 The effect of low intensity bicycle exercise on the insulin-induced glucose uptake in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.
70  heat years
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
NHY (1 time)
PIC (1 time)
2022 Exposures to psycholeptics, psychoanaleptics, and cardiovascular drugs reported to the PIC erfurt during heat waves from 2003 to 2018.
71  heavy metal concentration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 [Community Structure of Heavy Metal Immobilized Bacteria in the Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Rhizosphere in Soil Polluted by Heavy Metals and Its Effects on Reducing Heavy Metal Accumulation in Lettuce].
72  Heiye
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
FZX (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
2013 Patterns of enzyme activities and gene expressions in sucrose metabolism in relation to sugar accumulation and composition in the aril of Litchi chinensis Sonn.
73  HeiYeShuiXian
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BY (1 time)
WLH (1 time)
2019 Non-targeted Metabolomic Analysis Based on Ultra-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Tandem Mass Spectrometry Reveals the Effects of Grafting on Non-volatile Metabolites in Fresh Tea Leaves ( Camellia sinensis L.).
74  Hetero-yellow
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
OM (1 time)
1985 Effect of sorghum grain variety and reconstitution on site and extent of starch and protein digestion in steers.
75  heterosexual youth
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SMY (1 time)
SO/GID (1 time)
2016 Effects of Victimization and Violence on Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors Among Sexual Minority and Heterosexual Adolescents.
76  heterozygous for the histidine variant
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CFH (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2007 Relationship between age-related macular degeneration-associated variants of complement factor H and LOC387715 with coronary artery disease.
77  high spontaneous yawing frequency
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
HYC (1 time)
HYNC (1 time)
2010 Behavioral characterization of non-copulating male rats with high spontaneous yawning frequency rate.
78  high yeast
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
EE (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2018 Effects of a live yeast in natural-program finishing feedlot diets on growth performance, digestibility, carcass characteristics, and feeding behavior.
79  high-oil-yielding
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LY (1 time)
2013 Proteomic analysis of the oil palm fruit mesocarp reveals elevated oxidative phosphorylation activity is critical for increased storage oil production.
80  high-yielding strain
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
WT (1 time)
2021 Polyamines Upregulate Cephalosporin C Production and Expression of β-Lactam Biosynthetic Genes in High-Yielding Acremonium chrysogenum Strain.
81  histidine-tyrosine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAMDI-MS (1 time)
2019 Using Peptide Arrays To Discover the Sequence-Specific Acetylation of the Histidine-Tyrosine Dyad.
82  histoplasmal yeast
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IMMY (1 time)
1991 Variability in commercial histoplasma complement fixation antigens.
83  Hoehn and Yahr Classification
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
UDS (1 time)
UPDRS (1 time)
2001 Parkinson's disease: quantification of disability based on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale.
84  Hoehn-Yahr disability scale
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FSS (1 time)
GDS (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
2020 Fatigue in Parkinson's disease: Brazilian validation of the modified fatigue impact scale.
85  Hoengseong Yakdak
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
dead (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2017 Morphological defects of sperm and their association with motility, fertility, and hatchability in four Korean native chicken breeds.
86  honey
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
NDU (1 time)
2022 Differences in the use of food textures in oropharyngeal dysphagia according to the place of living.
87  Hongyang improved modern variety group
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HHRTS (1 time)
MH (1 time)
SRBSDV (1 time)
2019 Emergence of Southern Rice Black-Streaked Dwarf Virus in the Centuries-Old Chinese Yuanyang Agrosystem of Rice Landraces.
88  HospitalitY
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2019 Peer support and skills training through an eating club for people with psychotic disorders: A feasibility study.
89  Hot-temperature yoga
(1 time)
Yoga
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
HSP70 (1 time)
2021 Cardiovascular, Cellular, and Neural Adaptations to Hot Yoga versus Normal-Temperature Yoga.
90  house with open yard
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
CHSP (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2020 The Influences of Various Housing Systems on Growth, Carcass Traits, Meat Quality, Immunity and Oxidative Stress of Meat-Type Ducks.
91  HS followed by YF
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FCR (1 time)
HS (1 time)
LBiW (1 time)
2014 High specification starter diets improve the performance of low birth weight pigs to 10 weeks of age.
92  Hua You
(1 time)
CAA (1 time)
CUX (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2019 Comparative assessment of phytochemical profiles and antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) cultivars.
93  HuangYu
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BY (1 time)
HH (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
2016 Study on differentiation during embryonic development across selective and ancestral breeds.
94  Huangyuan
(1 time)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
HZ (1 time)
MY (1 time)
ZL (1 time)
2022 Comparative Analysis of Microbial Community Diversity and Dynamics on Diseased Tubers During Potato Storage in Different Regions of Qinghai China.
95  Hunan yellow pigs
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DRF (1 time)
2005 [Genetic linkage between Atrn gene and microsatellite markers and the effects to some economic traits in pigs].
96  Hwa-Young
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
MS (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2013 Flavonoids from the grains of C1/R-S transgenic rice, the transgenic Oryza sativa spp. japonica, and their radical scavenging activities.
97  Hwayeong
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DTE (1 time)
OX (1 time)
RNAi (1 time)
2022 A Novel Embryo Phenotype Associated With Interspecific Hybrid Weakness in Rice Is Controlled by the MADS-Domain Transcription Factor OsMADS8.
98  Hwayoung
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SLR1 (1 time)
2019 Cyclophilin OsCYP20-2 with a novel variant integrates defense and cell elongation for chilling response in rice.
99  HY and HE individuals
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
OA (1 time)
PCMRI (1 time)
2013 Blood flow of ophthalmic artery in healthy individuals determined by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging.
100  HY Bond Temporary Cement Hard
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
FT (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2011 Influence of temporary cement contamination on the surface free energy and dentine bond strength of self-adhesive cements.