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Abbreviation: IA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
invasive aspergillosis
(872 times)
Microbiology
(277 times)
GM (147 times)
HSCT (57 times)
BAL (47 times)
1979 A solid-phase radioimmunoassay for the measurement of antibody to Aspergillus in invasive aspergillosis.
intra-arterial
(822 times)
Neoplasms
(167 times)
i.v (89 times)
NIHSS (38 times)
rt-PA (30 times)
1975 The effect of ethylurethane on hematocrit, blood pressure and plasma-glucose.
intra-articular
(543 times)
Rheumatology
(139 times)
OA (169 times)
HA (80 times)
VAS (49 times)
1978 Immune synovitis in rabbits. Effects of differing schedules for intra-articular challenge with antigen.
intracranial aneurysm
(307 times)
Neurology
(65 times)
SNPs (29 times)
SAH (26 times)
OR (17 times)
1987 Detection of unruptured familial intracranial aneurysms by intravenous digital subtraction angiography. Screening of two affected families.
immunoadsorption
(225 times)
Hematology
(49 times)
PE (38 times)
DCM (32 times)
IVIG (16 times)
1982 Extracorporeal immunoadsorption of plasma from a metastatic colon carcinoma patient by protein A-containing nonviable Staphylococcus aureus: clinical, biochemical, serologic, and histologic evaluation of the patient's response.
Internet addiction
(195 times)
Psychiatry
(56 times)
IAT (39 times)
ADHD (18 times)
IGD (8 times)
2003 Internet over-users' psychological profiles: a behavior sampling analysis on internet addiction.
inhibitory avoidance
(186 times)
Neurology
(98 times)
BLA (26 times)
LTM (13 times)
LTP (9 times)
1985 Lateralized state-dependent learning produced by hippocampal kindled convulsions: effect of split-brain.
independent action
(180 times)
Environmental Health
(130 times)
CA (165 times)
CI (13 times)
MDR (12 times)
2003 Water quality objectives for mixtures of toxic chemicals: problems and perspectives.
inflammatory arthritis
(169 times)
Rheumatology
(101 times)
RA (45 times)
OA (17 times)
PsA (14 times)
1982 Immune complexes in early arthritis. II. Immune complex constituents are synthesized in the synovium before rheumatoid factors.
10  immunoassay
(102 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
LOD (8 times)
WB (8 times)
Ab (7 times)
1988 Confirmation of marijuana, cocaine, morphine, codeine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, phencyclidine by GC/MS in urine following immunoassay screening.
11  itaconic acid
(93 times)
Biotechnology
(26 times)
AA (9 times)
HEMA (6 times)
MAA (6 times)
2001 Biotechnological production of itaconic acid.
12  image analysis
(92 times)
Pathology
(27 times)
FCM (18 times)
IHC (14 times)
FC (5 times)
1990 Image analysis confirmation of DNA aneuploidy in flow cytometric DNA distributions having a wide coefficient of variation of the G0/G1 peak.
13  iodoacetamide
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
NEM (12 times)
FD (7 times)
HA (7 times)
1968 Radiation sensitization by thiol-binding agents of radio-resistant and radiosensitive Escherichia coli and the oxygen effect.
14  indocyanine green angiography
(57 times)
Ophthalmology
(53 times)
FA (28 times)
PCV (14 times)
AMD (12 times)
1989 Clinical application of indocyanine green angiography to choroidal neovascularization.
15  intra-amniotic
(53 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
LPS (17 times)
AF (7 times)
BPD (4 times)
1978 Use of intra- and extra-amniotic prostaglandins for the termination of pregnancies--report of multicentric trial in India.
16  induced abortion
(45 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
SA (7 times)
CI (3 times)
MS (3 times)
1979 [Fate of subsequent pregnancies in relation to the outcome of previous pregnancies].
17  ibotenic acid
(42 times)
Brain
(16 times)
DA (6 times)
mPFC (5 times)
KA (4 times)
1983 Effects of excitotoxic amino acids on pituitary hormone secretion in the rat.
18  innominate artery
(42 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
LCCA (6 times)
CCA (3 times)
CPB (3 times)
1993 Diagnosis of high-grade stenosis of innominate artery.
19  inattention
(41 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
ADHD (28 times)
HI (27 times)
ASD (3 times)
1997 Behavioral characteristics of DSM-IV ADHD subtypes in a school-based population.
20  insulin antibodies
(39 times)
Endocrinology
(21 times)
IAA (9 times)
GADA (5 times)
ICA (4 times)
1987 Differences in epitope restriction of autoantibodies to native human insulin (IAA) and antibodies to heterologous insulin (IA).
21  immune activation
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
IT (17 times)
CHB (9 times)
HBV (6 times)
2007 Increased infiltration of intrahepatic DC subsets closely correlate with viral control and liver injury in immune active pediatric patients with chronic hepatitis B.
22  islet autoimmunity
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(23 times)
T1D (17 times)
DAISY (15 times)
HR (8 times)
2003 Timing of initial cereal exposure in infancy and risk of islet autoimmunity.
23  infarct area
(33 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AR (7 times)
LV (6 times)
AAR (5 times)
1982 Transmural variation in the relationship between myocardial infarct size and risk area.
24  immune adherence
(29 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
CF (4 times)
PA (3 times)
C3bAs (2 times)
1963 COMPONENTS OF GUINEA PIG COMPLEMENT. I. SEPARATION OF A SERUM FRACTION ESSENTIAL FOR IMMUNE HEMOLYSIS AND IMMUNE ADHERENCE.
25  immunoaffinity
(29 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
mAb (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1987 Modulation of Schistosoma japonicum pulmonary egg granulomas with monoclonal antibodies.
26  intra-abdominal
(29 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
s.c (4 times)
ACC (2 times)
AT (2 times)
1975 Influence of vaccination with avirulent herpesvirus on subsequent infection of chickens with virulent Marek's disease herpesvirus.
27  Idiopathic anaphylaxis
(27 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(23 times)
alpha-gal (2 times)
IA-F (2 times)
IA-I (2 times)
1985 Metabisulfite challenge in patients with idiopathic anaphylaxis.
28  infantile autism
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
DP (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
DNHR (3 times)
1982 Coincidence of Tourette's disorder and infantile autism.
29  interoceptive awareness
(27 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
AN (4 times)
BN (3 times)
DT (3 times)
1997 The discriminant validity of the Eating Disorder Inventory--2.
30  invasive adenocarcinoma
(26 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
MIA (18 times)
AIS (16 times)
CT (6 times)
1996 Glandular lesions of the cervix. Validity of cytologic criteria used to differentiate reactive changes, glandular intraepithelial lesions and adenocarcinoma.
31  inactivating K+ current
(25 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
4-AP (2 times)
Iir (2 times)
PER2 (2 times)
1983 Protein kinase injection reduces voltage-dependent potassium currents.
32  iliac artery
(24 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
SFA (4 times)
FA (3 times)
1986 [Isolated arteriosclerotic aneurysms of the iliac arteries. Clinical picture, diagnosis and therapy with special reference to x-ray findings].
33  interarytenoid
(22 times)
Otolaryngology
(15 times)
PCA (10 times)
TA (10 times)
CT (8 times)
1982 Arrangement of motoneurons innervating the intrinsic laryngeal muscles of cats as demonstrated by horseradish peroxidase.
34  iodoacetate
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
GAPDH (3 times)
2-DG (2 times)
NEM (2 times)
1977 Macrophage deformability and phagocytosis.
35  integral absorbance
(21 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
BBB (4 times)
SCI (3 times)
ALN (2 times)
2007 Image analysis for degradation of DNA in retinal nuclei of rat after death.
36  interval appendectomy
(21 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
EA (4 times)
AM (2 times)
CM (2 times)
1998 Perforated appendicitis: is it truly a surgical urgency?
37  intimal area
(21 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LA (7 times)
IR (6 times)
BI (4 times)
1994 Quantitative morphologic study of intimal thickening at the human carotid bifurcation: II. The compensatory enlargement response and the role of the intima in tensile support.
38  integral amplitude
(20 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
RC (13 times)
RRDA (13 times)
TI (11 times)
1991 [Somatosensory evoked potentials in the sleep-wakefulness cycle in healthy subjects and narcolepsy patients].
39  influenza A
(19 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
CSF (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
1997 Comparison of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK) with a green monkey continuous cell line (Vero) and human lung embryonated cells (MRC-5) in the isolation of influenza A virus from nasopharyngeal aspirates by shell vial culture.
40  Ictal asystole
(18 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
SUDEP (6 times)
IB (3 times)
TLE (3 times)
2007 Video-electrographic and clinical features in patients with ictal asystole.
41  imperforate anus
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
PSARP (3 times)
AA (1 time)
ARM (1 time)
1991 Psychosocial adjustment and physical growth in children with imperforate anus or abdominal wall defects.
42  impulsive aggression
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
ADHD (5 times)
CU (2 times)
IPAS (2 times)
2007 Reliability of the Impulsive-Premeditated Aggression Scale (IPAS) in treated opiate-dependent individuals.
43  intellectual ability
(18 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
PA (7 times)
SC (6 times)
IADL (2 times)
1982 Age peculiarities of human motor control in aging.
44  intermittent aeration
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CA (7 times)
DO (3 times)
NA (3 times)
2002 Real-time control of an immobilized-cell reactor for wastewater treatment using ORP.
45  iodoacetic acid
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CMPF (5 times)
IS (4 times)
2-DG (3 times)
1952 Effect of p-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (CIPA) and 3-indolacetic acid (IA) on certain dehydrogenase systems of the tomato fruit, L. esculentum.
46  inclination angle
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
COM (6 times)
COP (6 times)
DLS (5 times)
2000 Acetabular component orientation as an indicator of implant luxation in cemented total hip arthroplasty.
47  indenestrol A
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
DES (13 times)
IB (12 times)
ER (5 times)
1985 Diethylstilbestrol metabolites and analogs. Biochemical probes for differential stimulation of uterine estrogen responses.
48  intracorporeal anastomosis
(17 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
EA (16 times)
BMI (1 time)
HRRCs (1 time)
2015 Intracorporeal versus extracorporeal anastomosis. Results from a multicentre comparative study on 512 right-sided colorectal cancers.
49  inhalational anesthesia
(16 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
TIVA (6 times)
D-M (2 times)
ESS (2 times)
1994 Diminished brain synaptic plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes: association with reduced anesthetic requirements.
50  intermittent air
(16 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
IH (12 times)
OSA (9 times)
CIH (5 times)
2008 Intermittent hypoxia reverses the diurnal glucose rhythm and causes pancreatic beta-cell replication in mice.
51  intermittent auscultation
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
EFM (6 times)
FHR (4 times)
CTG (3 times)
1988 [Value and significance of obstetric monitoring methods].
52  internationally adopted
(16 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
NA (3 times)
SS (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2009 Facilitating attachment after international adoption.
53  intestinal atresia
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
GS (3 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
1991 Mucosal morphology in experimental intestinal atresia: studies in the chick embryo.
54  index of association
(14 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
ITS (2 times)
PTLPT (2 times)
adk (1 time)
1996 Trypanosoma brucei s.l: evolution, linkage and the clonality debate.
55  instrumentation amplifier
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
CMRR (7 times)
ADC (2 times)
AFE (2 times)
1993 AC instrumentation amplifier for bioimpedance measurements.
56  interoceptive accuracy
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ASD (3 times)
FM (2 times)
IS (2 times)
2008 High symptom reporters are less interoceptively accurate in a symptom-related context.
57  intrinsic activity
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
alpha-BTX (1 time)
1985 Optimization of the activity in porous media of proton-generating immobilized enzymatic reactions by weak acid facilitation.
58  idarubicin and cytarabine
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
AML (9 times)
CR (6 times)
EFS (2 times)
2005 Adaptive randomized study of idarubicin and cytarabine alone or with interleukin-11 as induction therapy in patients aged 50 or above with acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes.
59  intra-articular injection
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HA (3 times)
Hb (2 times)
TKA (2 times)
1982 Dopamine decreases mesenteric blood flow in the anaesthetised dog through the stimulation of postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors.
60  intussusceptive angiogenesis
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
SA (4 times)
NO (3 times)
SPNO (2 times)
2002 Intussusceptive angiogenesis--the alternative to capillary sprouting.
61  iopanoic acid
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
ACTH (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
1980 The effect of iopanoic acid on the regulation of thyrotropin secretion in euthyroid subjects.
62  integrated assessment
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ASGM (3 times)
CFA (1 time)
GFG (1 time)
2001 Uncertainty management in integrated assessment modeling: towards a pluralistic approach.
63  intermittent access
(11 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(8 times)
CA (3 times)
DID (3 times)
POMC (2 times)
2009 Orexin-1 receptor antagonism decreases ethanol consumption and preference selectively in high-ethanol--preferring Sprague--Dawley rats.
64  intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy
(11 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(10 times)
TAC-E (2 times)
QOL (1 time)
1985 [Intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy and transcatheter arterial chemo-embolization for patients with simultaneous bilateral breast cancer].
65  inactivating potassium current
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Ca (2 times)
AEL (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1993 Cannabinoids modulate potassium current in cultured hippocampal neurons.
66  industrial area
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
RA (7 times)
CA (3 times)
TA (2 times)
2008 Heavy metal accumulation in medicinal plants collected from environmentally different sites.
67  interference alignment
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(6 times)
CSI (3 times)
MIMO (3 times)
SNR (3 times)
2014 Low-bit rate feedback strategies for iterative IA-precoded MIMO-OFDM-based systems.
68  intermediate allele
(10 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
HD (8 times)
HTT (2 times)
BCM (1 time)
1993 Molecular analysis of new mutations for Huntington's disease: intermediate alleles and sex of origin effects.
69  intervention area
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CA (6 times)
RA (3 times)
IHHP (2 times)
2006 A small economic inducement to stimulate increased reporting of adverse drug reactions--a way of dealing with an old problem?
70  intraoperative angiography
(10 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
PA (2 times)
AVF (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1998 Role of intraoperative angiography in the surgical treatment of cerebral aneurysms.
71  Ilexgenin A
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1995 Effects of Ilexonin A on circulatory neuroregulation.
72  Infantile Anorexia
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
FD (3 times)
SFA (3 times)
FDCIR (2 times)
2001 Observation of feeding in the diagnosis of posttraumatic feeding disorder of infancy.
73  interim analysis
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
OS (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
CEs (1 time)
2011 From trial and error to trial simulation III: a framework for interim analysis in efficacy trials with antidepressant drugs.
74  internal astigmatism
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
CA (5 times)
RA (5 times)
ACA (2 times)
2006 Astigmatism and its components in 6-year-old children.
75  intraaortic
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
i.p (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1983 The hemodynamic effects of intra-aortic versus intravenous administration of protamine for reversal of heparin in pigs.
76  Immune Algorithm
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
SVM (2 times)
ATFM (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2003 Resolution of multicomponent NMR signals using wavelet compression and immune algorithm.
77  indoleamine-accumulating
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DA (5 times)
NA (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1982 Growth zone of the juvenile goldfish retina revealed by fluorescent flat mounts.
78  infectious aortitis
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
C. fetus (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1989 Anti-type II collagen antibody in naturally occurring canine joint diseases.
79  interactive activation
(8 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
1992 Testing a semistochastic variant of the interactive activation model in different word recognition experiments.
80  interaural attenuation
(8 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
ABR (1 time)
DT (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1990 Interaural attenuation using etymotic ER-3A insert earphones in auditory brain stem response testing.
81  interobserver agreement
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
BTR (2 times)
PTR (2 times)
TN (2 times)
1998 [Variability in the interpretation of thorax radiography in a primary care medical community and its reference radiologists].
82  Impact Assessment
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EU (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
2010 Is health recognized in the EU's policy process? An analysis of the European Commission's impact assessments.
83  inactivity
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MVPA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
AEE (1 time)
1996 Changes in insulin action and GLUT-4 with 6 days of inactivity in endurance runners.
84  Indigenous American
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BMI (2 times)
ARTP (1 time)
CARTPT (1 time)
2003 Genetic variation in genes associated with arsenic metabolism: glutathione S-transferase omega 1-1 and purine nucleoside phosphorylase polymorphisms in European and indigenous Americans.
85  indoleamine
(7 times)
Brain
(4 times)
CA (3 times)
DA (2 times)
5,7-DHT (1 time)
1976 Accumulation of 5-HT in non-terminal axons after p-chloro-N-methylamphetamine without degeneration of identified 5-HT nerve terminals.
86  inferior alveolar
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
LB (2 times)
HRP (1 time)
IO (1 time)
1983 Reflex responses of single salivatory neurons to stimulation of trigeminal sensory branches in the cat.
87  inferoanterior
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
SP (5 times)
IP (4 times)
SA (3 times)
2000 A novel mechanism for induction of increased cortical porosity in cases of intracapsular hip fracture.
88  inhibitory activity
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CaOx (1 time)
CG (1 time)
COM (1 time)
1975 Complement inhibitor(s) released by leukocytes. I. Pretreatment of sheep erythrocytes with supernatants of mouse spleen and thymus cells inhibit whole complement activity and C2 utilization.
89  interaural
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DV (4 times)
LVOR (3 times)
NO (3 times)
1991 Eye movement responses to linear head motion in the squirrel monkey. I. Basic characteristics.
90  interpositional arthroplasty
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
LRTI (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
2010 Efficacy of temporomandibular joint ankylosis surgical treatment.
91  intraoperative aberrometry
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
IOL (5 times)
IOLs (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2017 Preoperative measurement vs intraoperative aberrometry for the selection of intraocular lens sphere power in normal eyes.
92  intraosseous anesthesia
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CIAS (1 time)
EA (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2011 Intraoperative epidural analgesia prevents the early proinflammatory response to surgical trauma. Results from a prospective randomized clinical trial of intraoperative epidural versus general analgesia.
93  iris area
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ACD (5 times)
LV (5 times)
AS-OCT (4 times)
2012 Change in iris parameters with physiological mydriasis.
94  iris cross-sectional area
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
LV (5 times)
PAC (5 times)
ACA (4 times)
2012 Dynamic changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters in eyes with primary angle closure (PAC) and PAC glaucoma and open-angle eyes assessed using AS optical coherence tomography.
95  idiopathic achalasia
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
ASS (3 times)
EO (3 times)
CDE (2 times)
2011 Clinical and manometric characteristics of Allgrove syndrome.
96  ileal atresia
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
JA (4 times)
BW (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1999 Implications of antenatal diagnosis of small-intestinal atresia in the 1990s.
97  Incensole acetate
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CHI (1 time)
FST (1 time)
2007 Incensole acetate, a novel anti-inflammatory compound isolated from Boswellia resin, inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation.
98  index of agreement
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RMSE (5 times)
MAE (2 times)
ANFIS (1 time)
2007 Model for forecasting expressway fine particulate matter and carbon monoxide concentration: application of regression and neural network models.
99  index of atherogenicity
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
IT (3 times)
FA (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
2007 [High conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content in milk and dairy products using a dietary supplementation of sunflower seed in cows. Thrombogenic/atherogenic risk issues].
100  Indo-Asian
(6 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AC (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2005 Impact of a "direct approach" to live kidney donation in the British Indo-Asian community.