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Abbreviation: IAD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
incontinence-associated dermatitis
(107 times)
Nursing
(75 times)
CI (12 times)
OR (7 times)
ICU (5 times)
2007 Incontinence-associated dermatitis: a consensus.
inflammatory airway disease
(61 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(51 times)
BALF (17 times)
BAL (14 times)
RAO (13 times)
1995 Cytologic evaluation of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from standardbred racehorses with inflammatory airway disease.
intermittent androgen deprivation
(56 times)
Urology
(38 times)
PSA (22 times)
CAD (16 times)
ADT (13 times)
1996 Intermittent endocrine therapy of prostate cancer.
Internet addiction disorder
(51 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
DSM (3 times)
EA (3 times)
fMRI (3 times)
2004 Internet addiction disorder and chatting in the Czech Republic.
IRF association domain
(36 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
DBD (27 times)
IFN (16 times)
IRF (8 times)
1999 Protein-protein and DNA-protein interactions affect the activity of lymphoid-specific IFN regulatory factors.
isolated ACTH deficiency
(21 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
ACTH (2 times)
POMC (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2003 Human and mouse TPIT gene mutations cause early onset pituitary ACTH deficiency.
interadventitial diameter
(18 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
IMT (11 times)
LD (9 times)
CCA (6 times)
2004 Carotid arterial remodeling: a maladaptive phenomenon in type 2 diabetes but not in impaired glucose metabolism: the Hoorn study.
interaural amplitude difference
(18 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
VEMP (6 times)
cVEMP (3 times)
MD (3 times)
1984 Learning spatial dimensions with a visual sensory aid: Molyneux revisited.
inter-arm difference
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
BP (7 times)
DBP (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
2006 Prevalence and clinical implications of the inter-arm blood pressure difference: A systematic review.
10  implantable atrial defibrillator
(15 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
AF (10 times)
AAT (1 time)
AFL (1 time)
1998 Specific considerations with the automatic implantable atrial defibrillator.
11  intramolecular aglycon delivery
(14 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
NAP (4 times)
CPS (2 times)
AG (1 time)
2001 Stereospecific synthesis of 1,2-cis glycosides by allyl-mediated intramolecular aglycon delivery. 2. The use of glycosyl fluorides.
12  intracranial artery dissection
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MT (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
AGs (1 time)
2000 Transcranial bypass for spontaneous intracranial carotid artery dissection--a case report.
13  inverse adding-doubling
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
IMC (2 times)
KM (2 times)
AM (1 time)
2007 Optical properties of ocular tissues in the near infrared region.
14  illness anxiety disorder
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
SSD (4 times)
ACT (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2016 Health anxiety and hypochondriasis in the light of DSM-5.
15  interarm blood pressure difference
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
BP (4 times)
sIAD (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
2007 The inter-arm blood pressure difference and peripheral vascular disease: cross-sectional study.
16  isolated adrenocorticotropin deficiency
(8 times)
Internal Medicine
(5 times)
ACTH (2 times)
AI (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2013 Isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency due to probable lymphocytic hypophysitis in a woman.
17  ion-assisted deposition
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
AR (1 time)
DC (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2005 Ion-assisted sputtering deposition of antireflection film coating for flexible liquid-crystal display applications.
18  idiopathic adulthood ductopenia
(6 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(2 times)
--- 1991 Idiopathic adulthood ductopenia presenting with chronic recurrent cholestasis. A case report.
19  infrarenal aortic diameter
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AAA (4 times)
ADAM (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1997 Quality of the measurement of the infrarenal aortic diameter by ultrasound.
20  interocular acuity difference
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
logMAR (2 times)
CVI (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
1999 Comparison of suppression, stereoacuity, and interocular differences in visual acuity in monovision and acuvue bifocal contact lenses.
21  intra-articular disc
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
TMJ (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
2000 Crimping of collagen in the intra-articular disc of the temporomandibular joint: a comparative study.
22  intracranial atherosclerotic disease
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
1999 Importance of intracranial atherosclerotic disease in patients with symptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery. The North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trail.
23  intraoperative autologous donation
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AVR (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
DVR (1 time)
1996 Intraoperative autologous blood donation preserves red cell mass but does not decrease postoperative bleeding.
24  induced autoimmune dacryoadenitis
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
LCM (3 times)
LG (2 times)
LGs (2 times)
2011 Changes of aquaporins in the lacrimal glands of a rabbit model of Sjogren's syndrome.
25  internal atrial defibrillation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AF (3 times)
ADFTs (1 time)
RA-AX (1 time)
1997 Internal atrial defibrillation in humans. Improved efficacy of biphasic waveforms and the importance of phase duration.
26  intra-abdominal depth
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IAAT (1 time)
1993 Reliability of B-mode ultrasonic measurements of subcutaneous adipose tissue and intra-abdominal depth: comparisons with skinfold thicknesses.
27  idiopathic Addison's disease
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
STH (1 time)
1976 Cellular and humoral immunity to adrenal antigens in patients with idiopathic Addison's disease.
28  institutional analysis and development
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PRA (1 time)
1999 Institutional Analysis and Ecosystem-Based Management: The Institutional Analysis and Development Framework.
29  interalar distance
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ICD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CIW (1 time)
2009 Interalar distance to estimate the combined width of the six maxillary anterior teeth in oral rehabilitation treatment.
30  interatrial defect
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
EAH (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2005 Creation and enlargement of atrial defects in congenital heart disease.
31  IgA dermatosis
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ELISAs (1 time)
IEN (1 time)
SPD (1 time)
1999 Intercellular IgA dermatosis.
32  inner-arm dynein
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DHC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
IFT (1 time)
2007 Dyneins across eukaryotes: a comparative genomic analysis.
33  intra-abdominal desmoid
(3 times)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
FAP (2 times)
AWD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2010 Risk factors predicting intra-abdominal desmoids in familial adenomatous polyposis: a single centre experience.
34  intrinsic AD
(3 times)
Immune System Phenomena
(1 time)
AD (3 times)
EAD (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
2003 The interleukin-13 production by peripheral blood T cells from atopic dermatitis patients does not require CD2 costimulation.
35  invasive adenocarcinoma
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AIS (2 times)
MIA (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
2000 Increased cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression occurs frequently in precursor lesions of human adenocarcinoma of the lung.
36  Isoaspartyl dipeptidase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2005 Mechanism of the reaction catalyzed by isoaspartyl dipeptidase from Escherichia coli.
37  Iatrogenic aortic dissection
(2 times)
Aorta
(1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2012 Iatrogenic type A aortic dissection during cardiac procedures: early and late outcome in 48 patients.
38  individually adjusted dose
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
2009 Growth response to an individualized versus fixed dose GH treatment in short children born small for gestational age: the OPTIMA study.
39  infantile atopic dermatitis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ISD (1 time)
2002 Are infantile seborrheic and atopic dermatitis clinical variants of the same disease?
40  initial abnormal depolarization
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
QRS-VD (1 time)
1985 Comparative accuracy of computerized spatial vectorcardiography and standard electrocardiography for detection of myocardial infarction.
41  initial algal density
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
2009 Gramine-induced growth inhibition, oxidative damage and antioxidant responses in freshwater cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa.
42  instrumental assisted delivery
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
EA (1 time)
SVD (1 time)
2015 Labor epidural analgesia and the incidence of instrumental assisted delivery.
43  integrated area of desaturation
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AHI (2 times)
OSA (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
2009 New index for analysis of polysomnography, 'integrated area of desaturation', is associated with high cardiovascular risk in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
44  interarm difference of blood pressure
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
HR (1 time)
2013 Interarm blood pressure difference and mortality in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
45  intermittent ADT
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ADT (1 time)
2005 Should intermittent androgen deprivation be used in routine clinical practice?
46  intermittent androgen deprivation therapy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PSA (2 times)
EOI (1 time)
LHRH (1 time)
2003 Intermittent androgen deprivation for patients with recurrent/metastatic prostate cancer.
47  International Association for Danube Research
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ICPDR (1 time)
2009 The International Association for Danube Research (IAD)-portrait of a transboundary scientific NGO.
48  Internet addiction
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
MANOVA (1 time)
2009 Internet addiction: a descriptive clinical study focusing on comorbidities and dissociative symptoms.
49  Internet Autopsy Database
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 1996 Maintaining patient confidentiality in the public domain Internet Autopsy Database (IAD).
50  intrinsic atopic dermatitis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AMP (2 times)
EAD (2 times)
hBD (2 times)
2005 Interleukin-10 downregulates anti-microbial peptide expression in atopic dermatitis.
51  invalid accelerometry data
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
VAD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
2013 Differences in demographic, behavioral, and biological variables between those with valid and invalid accelerometry data: implications for generalizability.
52  ischemic arterial disease
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
HRs (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 A J-shaped association between plasma testosterone and risk of ischemic arterial event in elderly men: the French 3C cohort study.
53  3-iodoacetylamino-3-deoxydigoxigenin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ADHS (1 time)
DSME (1 time)
HDMA (1 time)
1995 Affinity labeling of a sulfhydryl group in the cardiacglycoside receptor site of Na+/K(+)-ATPase by N-hydroxysuccinimidyl derivatives of digoxigenin.
54  I aortic dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Single Stage Hybrid Repair for DeBakey Type I Aortic Dissection in High Risk Patients.
55  IA disorder
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
2016 Investigation on Internet addiction disorder in adolescents in Anhui, People's Republic of China.
56  IA duration
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
A/T (1 time)
IA (1 time)
T/S (1 time)
2003 Quantification of concentric-needle-induced insertional activity by turn/amplitude analysis.
57  IAD + 3.274 VAD-0.713 FAD
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Correlation between intervertebral disc-endplate degeneration and bony structural parameter in adult degenerative scoliosis and its significance].
58  IAD-total
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
GAPDH (1 time)
IAD-Mast (1 time)
2012 Comparison of cytokine mRNA expression in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of horses with inflammatory airway disease and bronchoalveolar lavage mastocytosis or neutrophilia using REST software analysis.
59  idiopathic adult-onset dystonia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Clinical evidence of genetic anticipation in adult-onset idiopathic dystonia.
60  IgA deficiency
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CVI (1 time)
1984 Study of activated T cells in man. I. Discrepancy between Tac antigen and DR Antigen on T cells in patients with primary immunodeficiency.
61  ileal apparent digestibility
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CFO (1 time)
GM (1 time)
NSP (1 time)
2012 Digestibility of fibre sources and molecular weight distribution of fibre fractions in ileal digesta of growing pigs.
62  ileal digestibility
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
EE (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2016 Probiotic form effects on growth performance, digestive function, and immune related biomarkers in broilers.
63  iliac artery disease
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
PSV (1 time)
1997 Noninvasive detection of iliac artery disease and prediction of its severity from Doppler spectral analysis in common femoral artery.
64  iliac artery dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IMH (1 time)
2018 Symptomatic Type B Intramural Aortic Hematoma as a Complication of Retrograde Right Common Iliac Artery Dissection.
65  immediate androgen deprivation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DAD (1 time)
DVHs (1 time)
GTV (1 time)
2003 Changes in treatment volume of hormonally treated and untreated cancerous prostate and its impact on rectal dose.
66  immediately after diagnosis
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CT/MR (1 time)
DAD (1 time)
2000 Computed tomography/magnetic resonance based volume changes of the primary tumour in patients with prostate cancer with or without androgen deprivation.
67  immune and allergic dermatoses
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 [Profile of immune and allergic dermatoses among children at the outpatient dermatology clinic in Cotonou (Benin)].
68  immunoallergology department
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Services
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
2018 Type B adverse drug reactions reported by an immunoallergology department.
69  immunochromatographic antigen detection
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NAATs (1 time)
2015 Can newly developed, rapid immunochromatographic antigen detection tests be reliably used for the laboratory diagnosis of influenza virus infections?
70  impaired awareness of deficits
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2006 Impaired awareness of deficits and treatment adherence among people with traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury.
71  in situ analyte distillation
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2005 Determination of traces of chloride and fluoride in H2SO4, H3PO4 and H3BO3 by in situ analyte distillation-ion chromatography.
72  inactive adenylation domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FCCH (1 time)
2014 Expression, purification, and crystal structure of N-terminal domains of human ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1).
73  Inappropriate antibiotic duration
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
RTIs (1 time)
2016 Antibiotic Utilization and Opportunities for Stewardship Among Hospitalized Patients With Influenza Respiratory Tract Infection.
74  incipient AD
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AMPAR (1 time)
dAbeta (1 time)
2009 Transcriptome analysis of synaptoneurosomes identifies neuroplasticity genes overexpressed in incipient Alzheimer's disease.
75  included angle distribution
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BTT (1 time)
2019 Identification of Vibration Events in Rotating Blades Using a Fiber Optical Tip Timing Sensor.
76  increasing aggression- disruption
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CHAD (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
LMAD (1 time)
2006 A comparison of girls' and boys' aggressive-disruptive behavior trajectories across elementary school: prediction to young adult antisocial outcomes.
77  indazole adenine dinucleotides
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IMPD (1 time)
1986 Suppressive effect of indazole adenine dinucleotides on proliferation of normal and malignant cells.
78  independent predictors of cardiovascular events according to longitudinal analysis
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2015 Relationship between inter-arm blood pressure differences and future cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease.
79  index of absorbance difference
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SSC (1 time)
2017 Determination of fruit maturity and its prediction model based on the pericarp index of absorbance difference (IAD) for peaches.
80  index of axis deficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IFD (1 time)
2012 Interaction of triphenyltin and an agonist of retinoid X receptor (LGD1069) in embryos of Xenopus tropicalis.
81  indexed annular diameter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVR (1 time)
2005 Aortic valve replacement with new-generation stentless pericardial valves: short-term clinical and hemodynamic results.
82  Indian Academy of Diabetes
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
OADs (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2012 Baseline characteristics of the IMPROVE control study population: A study to evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized healthcare professionals training program.
83  indirect absorbance detection
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
BGEs (1 time)
CV (1 time)
HPCE (1 time)
1996 Determination of carbohydrates by high-performance capillary electrophoresis with indirect absorbance detection.
84  individual animal data
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2013 Progesterone treatment for experimental stroke: an individual animal meta-analysis.
85  individual antioxidant determination
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CSEID (1 time)
EOF (1 time)
RSD (1 time)
2010 Fast and selective microfluidic chips for electrochemical antioxidant sensing in complex samples.
86  individuals
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ISLD (1 time)
1999 Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: methodological considerations and socioecological implications.
87  induced abortion on demand
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MBR (1 time)
2013 Induced abortion on demand and birth rate in Sami-speaking municipalities and a control group in Finnmark, Norway.
88  ineffective access to drugs
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PR (3 times)
AFP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 [Institutional differences in the ineffective access to prescription medication in health care centers in Peru: analysis of the National Survey on User Satisfaction of Health Services (ENSUSALUD 2014)].
89  infantile autism disease
(1 time)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2009 Epidemiologic evidence supporting the role of maternal vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for the development of infantile autism.
90  infantile autumn diarrhea
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
QLL (1 time)
2000 [Clinical and experimental study on treatment of infantile autumn diarrhea by retention enema with Qilian liquid].
91  Infectious acute diarrhea
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Virus diversity of acute diarrhea in tropical highlands.
92  infinite alcohol dilution
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EAE (1 time)
THz (1 time)
2012 Hydration shell parameters of aqueous alcohols: THz excess absorption and packing density.
93  inflammation-associated dysbiosis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
2019 Development of an Index Score for Intestinal Inflammation-Associated Dysbiosis Using Real-World Stool Test Results.
94  Inflammatory articular disease
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2015 Inflammatory Articular Disease in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Result of the Swiss IBD Cohort Study.
95  inhaled antiasthmatic drugs
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Antiasthmatic Inhaled Medications as Favoring Factors for Increased Concentration of Streptococcus Mutans.
96  inherited Alzheimer's disease
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
AP (1 time)
APOE (1 time)
2019 Understanding the Amyloid Hypothesis in Alzheimer's Disease.
97  inhibition of alveolar development
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DNTGFbetaRII (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
2008 Transforming growth factor-beta signaling mediates hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling and inhibition of alveolar development in newborn mouse lung.
98  initial alveolar deposition
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1984 Retention of 239Pu in the mouse lung and estimation of consequent dose following inhalation of sized 239PuO2.
99  initial period of abnormal depolarization
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
1982 Estimation of myocardial infarct size by digital computer analysis of the VCG.
100  injury-to-admission delay
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
GCS (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
2019 Injury-to-Admission Delay Beyond 4 Hours Is Associated with Worsening Outcomes for Traumatic Brain Injury in Cambodia.